(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Menaka I"

(oUHS&rsn 



(Lp^eo urr«L0 



611061^11 (Sa,g|6?D(ra : iTL5l.gBiuiiiaBirn , > BA S 




Ogonrcb uuoflc^iffih) 

244, (u. €T6m.) prLo^lcg^swrrr loliIs mm®), 
LBidlsurruLijir, OraraDor - 600 004» 



(tpgfD u$UL! - 2004 



u$uu&&$rrrr 



Qwrr$& u<&&r£i&m : (16 -f 320) = 336 
tf«MO: ©. 125.00 



Qg36OTJ60 UU€fflo%ft€fo 
244, iffn^^© d%6»OTir muth &nes)60 9 
uQi£i€OrrLiy,rr, Q&memm - 600 004. 



laser Typeset by - KLM FriMm, Chennai &-Print Pofnt Graphics, Chennai -20. 
P*ted by - Jai : Gariesh Offset Prititers, Chennai - 4. 



U^LJL|a>IJ 



UfJfU fJU L/ (3J<S&>£){U/T"U><si>, <£i!5& UfJUfJULj&t&j GTGSTff)] 

<srrtjrT6mjbrr<m &$rTurT$>§$[nsj&G6)GrT SL.(f^GurriS) 9 - ^u^tii 

GUlfl ' <SU65)[J 6l5?^6l5)fi2/U63>U<£ @65>/?)c9S<95fnjD<sb } $&>t£&&\ 

Qld<so r£)&ip<9 : @}ujrT& aL(75<sii/r«S), q^§i)ffiT<s£l^@mLDrr&, 
&{Tgtf!TiUL£>rr& &&rfurr€b$ijm&G5)<snu Qu& o5)il($), <F(ip 
^rnu^^lo) ^)©<^Oii> <^QjQojrf(§ L£6sfl<5gp/ii> (0TUU14. 
6T<sb<somb r5L-.n>§i Q&rrmm<!k <s^.L_ng/... (Sl/aw/d JipL/^ 

LD/7687 g,&QJ@Q&6S)6{r& : Q&fT<506p1W /£/761/ 61) <& 67755/76^ 61/ @ 

gj/T §}m\j&mB g>iurBJ&fT[f}<5br fsir®j<zb&m. ^GU(nj®s)L-iu 
&®s)£&6fil<sb &rT&<sb &mL®tLiiA 61/(751!), G^uitlL @6§]Lb 
6U(5ii 5 (3u/7<s&nJ /5L_<sui^«(^j>cS5<95(6y5L£> 6ii(5ii), Lbtwfj&gjGLirrlm 

^fjuq LD€$fl$it&<sfilm GLc<sbrGG)U>as)UJU uijbjfiliLjtb Q&rr<sb 

61/ /T/f. 

<^/(3<9$ &LDUJg$}<5b, {§)(?<£ 0(ip&miJ<5§>lGb.!p<5i)<S06l]lt 
<9S6?7 LD*5$U$l<sb GUn(LpLb 6U<9S£T i-/<£@ SL.Gh'G1T<Sljit&G6)<5rTLJ 

upffiliLjih G&rrcbeSI, ^uuui.uuLLu.®jiT&<oS)<orr gtljul^ 
(oTGVGvmb <j>/l_-<9s&) ^GrrGvrnb <oT6ku®$)t5u utp$u4ib 
Q&rT<a)<s£)uSI(njULjrrit. £g)6ii<75<ftn/_£U <oT(Lg£B§}&&6f!\G0 &\ftlu 

LDIT6ST @ZJp^6^(ol)6^£U(£/L£>, U (J) £77£5/7/T6WLD/7<£<S G5)<5£tU /76W 

L^0uufrrr. @)&&<o5)6Viqih ^0QjrfSiS}, *S>i&$ §\&&sS\ 
<s>5](!5/5^/ <sSl®uQ\U) GULp]<o&ujiLiLb Q&ir®)6urrir. GiK&G^rr 

&dQ$)IJ&ITL£\ ®DllJli]&rTIT 67(X£@tU f£rT6ll6b&<o8)6rrU UIS^&> 

65/r<sb 3 Qu'fT(Lg§! Gurrojgj LDLL®LD<obrn5l t ugv <sS}G^iurii 



£L£lLfi)<SV Q/5(J)/5/<95<Sff)<95 ^<SV6V§f ^fT<SU<St) G^am^lm 

£§)/5<£ [BiT®j<sb<9s<smGrr <oT(jg§$tLjm<sfrfTiT. ^$$ &meo&LLL~.$ 
igld} S)<sy(/5<52f)L_(L/ [$rt<su60&68)<ofru uuf.<9»&rT$6iiif <STQj(i^Lb 
^)©/5@© < ® d5 (Lpuf-iurr&tf. u5)a>Q/ii> l^ulkoOl&it&lj Gu&u 
ulLjl- '^ssibucr, OTifiiurrrir' ^(sn(§os)L-iu urr^^iiju 

mir&gj. USI&GLiLb Ljg££i&rr<oSliurrmGijrr. &<sir 6is)i <s5)L-Uj <sp<sh 

Q<suft(7^ Gu&& GurTfrgs$$)&u$6g]th, Q&uu<s£)60Lb ugvgvit 

GojcmL-mb. (gij<zv>& .r&rrtEJ&ffl <sSliurrufT!j Grsrr&&\GG 

■€T<sb<so/njb/5/T/&/d5cfr uiq.&,§}u umrg^ iSlp^^rrm (d)6U6$ 
u2©£)(3/D/7"jub. Gr$jjLb GurrajGg GlgffliunrtDGb &pmubrrm 
&i£)ip /5<s?DL_a5)(oU, <95<sff><g Gurr^LD Gurr&G& l£J& lR& rsm 
jprr& £_tfrey7g/. 

a/(5)g£/r §}€S)[j&nLR eniuiijaiTrr ^juul^ljulLl^ 
/5frsiid)c95<s?n<siT OT(Lp@(u^o"<su ^r£rnr£YTLjDrT<sOT rBro^mlSu 
u$$SiTjm}&mm\L}ih i gfhia QubL-6Q&€5)<sniLiLb Gapura 
SL.mmrrfr. ^Q$<&<somh &ng>{rrf<sm <s£l®$uJLD<sb<sti. ^{Bg 
$n®j®o&®s)m& &>t£l\£ iA&&<sh uis^&& G<su<mrQ\ih } 
Gunrp/r) - G<su6w®ld, /srr/s/^^ii rg\®s)ir)iu Lj^&fRi&®r><syT 

iuitLDGon g)(5«(ga)? g)^/J \ n$$&m&®s>Ga Gurrmj^ih 
g)/5^ ' /5/rojfib««n€iT Qoj<o$u5)®ib (Lpmrb&}u5l<sb 



r5<smupiT<sM, (oft&Gu ff\g&>rr$t5 /ppui^L/L/cgs &Lp&g$B}<svr 
g<5S)6VGii (jiran $($. $)[m. (Lp^^A^Lorrpr^mSl^^Lb, 
§n<sS\®si uos)ifiuj i3fj§$&GS)m& Q&rr®@§j £_<5<a5?£L/ fsrr^f) 
L/priJb) ^muira^&t&jLb, GiDGgiLb £g)f5<5 njjTGO&GtnGtr, 

Quqjjih usssflujirpnSl gbfpGun&j] <n[£i<sb(^&(§^ifl<o$)W6$)iu 
ojLp&j&lm ^)!j^^l<o^r rsrruj&aiT <gj<sm® &m6fo 2_$<ar>UQ 
ujrrmiT £5) (5. urrw&)(ijjGi$<sm<sir ^<siiir&(§rij&(§Lb <siirT&<ssif 

&6YT &rTITL$l6V €Tlil&m&jJ LDGSTLDmtjjig [5<sirffi)65)lUg Q&ffl 

®S1£§]& (ol&rrm&lGpmh. 

'®J®&4 > it gjanr&mJSI g>ujr£i&mt §n<sb&(shr L£<5m®Lb 
GU(njLDrr? LB<sm®Lb Gu^iAn?' <oim^j <5jr£iS)& Q&rr<om 
Lq-(§&(&}Lb Gim&&fT&m ^uGurr§} iD&JLp&S) ^<oS)l~ 

u}.(f^<3i(§LhGufTG^ } LHsv 6uri&&if&<sh, l u^§u" Lnq.£& 

QSlGbGS)<5V (oTmipiT(sb&btL^.U UfJOJtTilSlGVGtiKoO, j&nLD8)UU(l))$ 

■S\^& 007 

@6ffTp (SgDLDGfOLJnrCTffT© - ^SSTUeO 

^esrpih ©eirrpii CTeimpjijb 

<4 ^1«ibuij a=n-uSlujfTiT ,y 



0ki®g£/r ^joniJ&fTLSl gotursj&rrfr: 1880-1942. cg^jssw 

g}tur£]&iTif. tSl.Gj. uiIl^iL Quprr)i 45rr£)<sbs>iTprT& 
<s5l<ofrf£j§i) 9 <oT(tg8i§)l<9 : Q&6b<oit(T<&&rr<sv G<su6$)<sv<o&uj <@5)lLl_ 
gi//t. £ni) rsrrGU6b&mm&> ^rrGtD <^<£|!f)l- <$fr ^i&&&(ipih 
1 ubGosmp^&Gsfl' <5T<skp tong ^^(Lpih Q^m^fiiSl wrr&>ib 

<55LbQu<ssfl, <s£lrbumm r$<s$)<5VUJW!T(g}Lb. 

cg>//s/<9> <aU<sfo§$rjLb 9 u<Q)<3 : $>&&ib, ^mGOtiSlGO, (gGOGorr, <ss/7o5)d> 

££>OTT, 61/ /HU $<S!S)pUJ Q®J$)$lQ$)<oO (Qu$lLt OJfTiljJ, LjGS)& 
uSlGtoGO, f£l6Sr(LpLb $!%]& UGtVUli) &ITLJlS)®®JmT ^6rr<S5)LD 
GlLifnS}-(fJ)&<5B. Qu)/r<95<£«^jj§)<sb 6®& f^<SS)Hf)iU &Lburr$gj£ 
&GUG&GD £g)<si?<SD/T<95 S_si)SW/T<5F LDGtifiglf. ^jOJlf lDfTUj.<i(Q 

Ggg.^fr. pi£i&trfTg>-°, ^(TGiPsflujmt, uLhind) &ihu$& 
(Lp&<s$\mmr, G&Gu.yp.G&n., <oT<sh).<oTm). <si//t<fot <a//5^/ 
Gonrei/zr. 

W<55)m<sSl fBfTLL^lf} ^IWLDfTiSk. LD&&6fT <sSlgOUJjJ!T& 

L]Q$U6y<5V6Si; q§iuGuLL<s^L^ mnnuuGfj^m um<sB 
<%l ? §li i rl<smiuujrr& ®j(§!5§] ^tusi/; @(5 Qu<smm\iih 

0<s8mw 'mwmiT prrgDm&mfl* £)<arf?ix>nr<si//r<£ Giirs&jj $®nrr 



LDftmih $(rm&fT§i @(!5@i Q&n§>luurTeb wnmsri—fTiri 

QfBftt-.ni£§i u<&<sorri61jj&®mr<&&fT<sm iD&&GS)<sfrJ5 $ib 
syuunOltLiLb &<s®i&&mn<sb t3<s®$$$®jir. t]0&&tb U14.& 

&i<s®mu Li<sa>i_<J;j$/« Q<s5/tottl_ Qu(§<o5)Lbturr Reynolds 

Q&rrr5$ii>{r8i<Skjth u€v>L-@&tf6frmmf. j§)s>in" ug&L-LJiSgo- 

$nU}-t5 §IISI-LJU$$§1 FFfT<&(S?)Lb g)afll£J <SU&<SW(Lpih c^/jp@ 

Q<syQjLh LDrfLD r$rr<sii<sb €rm <S£§i&& (ipLsj.JL/rr<s$ ^ot 
<sorrtf)i$<SQ «graj® l/j§)<s<s<su/t «/©g^/r/nr <ST<sku®n& iurt(§ih 



@60adSliu ffrr^eoasTUJireTrriT 

Ggg.^ir. fFfEj&fjrrgg-v <oT<sbru<sii6$)(xtLitJb ou^o^nr gjGtop&mJSl 
gDiurij&frrr (srmuGUGftijtLjLb Q&ir<sbGD G6u<sm®ti>* 

Q&rT60<so Geu<sm(^ii. 

Qj(r<smQ <^<^@<9S{g5<s5@ 6£<miprr& 1916 (Lp$<sb 1923 <sii6$irr 
dSleb QQjefiiQjjf>066r. LScrsto Q&ir$$&&iTrrrTrr<m fj&j&rjUGD-" 
u^rruSlijih iS\$&i&<3S)<sn ^i&ff\iL® ^djQ<ourr(§ g>flji/F/p/ l5Ijj§$ 
&®nmiLjLb g£(5 u$gluu!T&;& (§p$Iui3lL($\ 10 u$$ULt&m 

9<si/Q6i//T(5 /B/rci/g)jLb Q<sii<s$iurr(§LnGurr&ij uSassi/ii uii 

GisduSIgo Gurr&ih ^GOGVgj ^aS/rii $jjurruLJ s*iurjrrg>ib.<orm 
vgjth G&rrntL <^/su(g<£(g<£ ^«wi_o>ar 6i5)@<§<9$ji/ STcir/ri/ 



^ 



@(5<££)(?/D<sSr. ^rruj. QjmiTg§tf& Q&rr<smQ) /5/tldld 
G>ufTLLQ\& Q&rr<5mQ) (m<si/6ip6ffl r $if /Biru/® ^syfr €T€srg}/ 

(95/T/T <57<omUGX]<oS)!J& Q&fT<St)<SV G<oll6m®Lb. 1923, 24 (Lp$60 27 

GiJonpruSlGV £5(QjGn&u5}6b &6biurr<sm &$&>[iih €msi[p<oh)s^(s6}<sv 
$rrm U££<^/<£ Q&ij<smLq-($&(§ib(]>LJ rr§j u&gs)&, LD<g><F<rfr, 
ffiodULf <£>{LL<oS)L-.u5l6b Ql-lSI 65)&<sfSi<zv ^Gufr&m r$rr<sv<sb<9iGh 
€^QjQsufTsirpfT<ss ^iuunGq&(§$ GlgifliurrLDGV Q/juS)<sb(3sii 
6ybG>£_jSi£<o£r Gk$&8dwurr8iU)GfSI<5b sunrriiSlu ui%.&>&> 

Gurrasrmsb ^uurr &6m®nL„ LSlis^uunGij^^j ^uGurr^i 
Gijdgd ®S$u5l6t) Oc9$/7}gj<£ G&rruj-uSlw £g)(fl?/5<95 9© £V)GOUpf 
/f/«@ $i<ssrrTLbrr&u Lj<oh)tB&g>®$)&>& Q&rr®&§j @S}($)($6ii<sm. 
^juuLq.u uu^gg rBrrQj<5v&<sh Gfshfry &<ssr&mbLiggLb 
c9/d)<oDji/ <%<syrgi/gr)/LD oSlGsyGOLD&^ib, euero^ Q®n&\<soth, 
y/jsw &r5§$Gjjnr3HLiih, <s>5)<sd/7<syuqj^), §$&Lburj &m£)ujrTfr, 

oS/JfiyUO) $lLl^ITLBGQ €7Q^^}<SH^)<SV &}fJ£<o$)$iLIL-.<sh <5T(Lp££lUJ 

GT(Lpf£lmmT Qu(§ibu(76gjih GrmprrGgjih <s>i<siji7 <aS?<£i_/f 
^u^GarrGSi&r Les Miserables otot^/t) $rr<sum<so ^p^^ 

Gurr<svGoj &<svr&rrLbLjgDih <^/<5i><si>jj/ <&6Yr&Jgp/Lb q5)<s5)<oOld<9> 
<sg>ix> ct<swS)/t) |5/TQj<a!) ^G$)LDfpG$(njuu&rr&& Q&rtmmrr<sb 



r 



10 



<g\G&> Gurr<sv &)Qfj&& qijrr<om<& &on$iurr<svr Eros and 
Psyche &mg<s&)iu mm3$j5 G&rr&lGDib Gim&ip n>rreiJ<sorT&& 

S)swgy &l£\l£Igo ffiflj5$p r5rT®d<so&m 6jfjrr<mwn& 

iurr&& «d)S)<s5>sui; «(^jysu^/ ®Jip&&wn& g)(/5«ffi/pj$/. 

/5rai/^/rffl/fliu/7<5^«(g}. QfimQ<mms^iurr^ 1924-<sv Ggugi?!) 

(tptq.\qib. *m§i Qoj<s$<af/5<ss <yiDiu^^)<sb dSl&Gifib ufjoj 
(svrr&u Gu&uuilL-gjL-dT ui^As^ib uiLl-^i. ZLpGvrgtf 

Gul&o^prmflGk c %j > [nbu& ^rrw^^uj r&rTGUGO&m <sigo 
uSl<sb Qwefil6U!p$$fT&& Q<3Frr<sb<siirrir&<srr. ^jfB&u U£@/fl 

$)<sbrQmrr(tij Q$)<si$uj(LpLb ^uGurr&a ufjojGOir&u 

(5«/TC5>^/5/rtt/©ttS)cir (xp^<sb rsrrGiJGDfTm Gn6uG$l£)i6lttr 
(Lf>g><so un$<smuj sii^gprnvr €T(ip@, (LpmiDn^ifliurr^ &{5& 
$fT&Gi(Lb ^go^u iSlmusp^l (Lpis^^^! q5?lL® Q®Jit)nSl&$ 
wrr& G$)6ii.(Lp.G&rr. gjuufjSlu^th $rr<M<&)&6$<sSl(§f53tf ^gujt 
$®sfl iSlfjffrmsTL-fKoSi &%Lp& rBiTGii6b&($fif)&(8j p&irr&gmf simgjjil) 
GmwGgiojnrrr&m. 

1930-60 (SKok^j <oT<5 mm}i QGp<siT m g&uQjjf[uiL<sw 



11 



G<sur&j&L-[jri]&Lb i3dr<ssxsn Q$(§ &^uSlfjfTUilsrv Gfjrr&nL-& 

&$$&&)$ g)£_^@<Sl> £§)($/5<g <Si?ll<£ff>l_ 61//T/S/S) <SI/@g£ /7/377" 

tSlpGoj&u) fBL-g^ajGurrgj, LDmswsouSlGb urrsmtL 
eurrffi$^& 'Q&nr<smtSL(§&(§u>GLJfT&)i $rr6$i Q&<sk<smmu5)<sv 

OJirrflb <95£^)<£Jj/, ^<SU65)!JU UfTIT&<3iU GurfGmm. c9/j5<5 g£(5 

gL-6$}®J ld£.1(5)0ld <g$Guos)rj ntirm &ij>G$)3>f£l(n)&5?iGfp6ir. 

GTmrn Gu&Gmmb siar/p/ $\®s)m<oSl<sQ<s$)<5V . ^mtf<so> 

g(LpGii<sb&<skgrrm <sr<s&fry ^ojit $T(f)frij<& Q&rr<smL-.JTir. 
^//s/65 rf>rTU.&(Lpijb *£<ski Q&n$§ <s7(Lpgs§j <or<sm^j Q&rr<sb<o£} 

G^sk. 

@<ob ^<o3)<stJ(ip<s?n/r) ^<s?ri(ot)(^p<Kn/T3iL/^<95 o o 0unr(S£nT<£<3S6Jr gtiwS)/d 

(Lpi%.mrrtB /5ii>£-9<£<o5><s5a5te57 &[rfj<smuDrT& ^rij{£l<5V$$<sv Long 
Missing Links OT£37/p/ @® £00 u<35« /p"<si> <oT(Lg$ c£/<5ff><5^ <S<^ 
G)«9F/n5g)£ Q<sF«so<si5)G<5uGto c£/<££)il@ €s5)jd« (ipujrfr/DiTfT. 



12 



* <55L_«S3>eW L/^/<?/Fc95 €UfTlhjSitU oSlLGftL^ eSlpQJ c£/<S*>i_<^/ 

^j&uulLl— Qu<sm LfGin§iUJ6fj 9 €T<sir&)fp prr<sym(sv &G&& 

wtr&g&rf&(& ) 6£Q5 fBnroj<fb GTG&fgj 6i(ig§$ $ F&rrQjG£i&(&j njfrigj 
fffyundj (oiosiT^j s^<sSI <syrrr£j&}<& Q&fT6m(£) ^jStpil® ^<smQ\ 

§ilGfp<sk. 



fgesrnS) * ^60«^liuff mf£mm\u%m%&m - aj.njrr.sr. 



ajuSlip f^rroj^ek C^n{f)ff)(LpiB ojsiriT^tLfLb 

urr®ttflu5)<sb £(LpGu<sb&<srm<9i <s7(Lg$£iiu<si]iT <su(J)g^/T ^Gsirj^rruSl 
gDUjfhJ&mr. &(Lpaj<sb ^rr<^Gosi<sfrrTu5l(§^Guri^i&^Lb jBuSlilpprnL® 
^ji—U Quajir, iD&&<sfr Guujfr&onm gs)<sii^G^ Gg®sr $<€])&& Lbrr& 

ufjtBg <sijrr&&iT 2-<5v&gG?)£& ^(t^g^l^^^j Gtsxsu$t£®sr. L]$g&Lb 
ULq-&(&tih ULp&&Lb £g)/5<95 rsrrGUGb&GrrrTGb gjpulLl-.&j <sp($ qrp 
o9(Y5««i &<smL-.GiD<o5fl&(&) &ang <oT(Lg&rf ih GT(Lg>£ssrT<srriT$6in<srr s-p 
ugtgl Q&tuiu& & ir pernismu {&)(rrjF5$£tfth ®j($\G±i > rjnrfr fBfTGusb^eh 

'^ff&u Qurrt]Sl ld<sQ$§i <K/r£)<g 6ufr$&&Lb Qu(ffj&i) si/^ld 
g)<s<g5^so^@(Si; prrGiJsv&^Lb ijri)nf)&<svGurrGb Ggrrmr$l£ Q$rTL-i£j§>) 
oSIlLlsst. u>£>&Gfi\G$r ^SFnijfijssYr £fit GurDGijLh, urronGtfi Gumrr3 : &} 
iLjro<sijLb (susu <sv&$rr Quft\§}ih s_^q5) Ljiflu-iLb <or<sku&jj s^<sm 
zmuGiu. ^gmtsv, @i^QiuQ)^G@rrQrj(soGorrLh Q<5u£_mL-&&mjir 
<oT<mpuLq. guSlyp £-6V&g$iiG<sv ^KpG^mLu^^Geaebeonih /5/70/ 
<5vrr&) film lis; Girmu Qp<oh6iir5$£l(nfjuu&rr<sv gro&nrGv r£n<siiGa&6rr 
Qu(r^u)unGvrr<smQjipfpfT(sb Gfi)®r>Gmuu) @>G5)LD&m ^nrju G&rtrpu 
UDcrngiJ. 'rj'&rj 'fr)'<9iprr£j<9iQr>6rr& erfliumu QjLpr£j& ^irSliurr^Gurr 
«(syj/i) guSJLp <b~7(Lpt£gi7Grrfjrr&£ gjGssflsij Q&rT<snGv&jLb guSlLp 
QuDiru$)ial<svT <sfqst1 ^em&GujGvrGfp «g^/p Ggu<ssst(^w. <s^GhGnorr 
^jfjsmGL-ir «si5?L_ L/(75<si^/Tc«fiYr 5 ^jrjGssrGL^rr ^LpmGipfT rsrr<sm 
Lororo &m®$tuiT<3;Grr, ^(/5 gjuunfiiuLb G&in&SlfB^m ^gvgv^j 
G&rTurrGVGsr, <S£Q§ ^«ma/tjp? GDLBpgrrrr — guSlLp rsrrojGV L^rr^^i 

UJ[T&1 (Sl5?(J)S)/7)J^. {BtT)&i[T<S08)$£\G0 §} U U flfil LU LD /5/T6l/<sb<9>(oWsV 
GO ITU) tSlfp [5!TLL($)U UU2&& SU U}&&raj&GS)QrTlULb UDG<o$riTUrf®JihJ 

&€5)<smuuD $l£)i£&£$£)gq urruiSlg §>l£i1p ldcScEs^ot" ^\<ss\n&nnu 

U®(§Lp)ial6b &GS)GV&LplT& <stfLp^^^<S3T£)£5T. ^[TGUGO^^Gh 

$®n®s)U) ^<si?rmQgmrptr)liufTtib g>u$lLp Lo^tK^LO £g)j565 [BrTOJGV 
yrbnfi&GO&GinGYra Q&nu$l GiS}(LpihJ(^<sij§jGurr<sb e3(Lpr£j£)$i $(JJ>u$ 
<syGS)^&\6$tir)®nfT (gv&#l£}, Q<fu. 1924, (Lp<ggy Lfi&rmrilf) /g/rsi/ 



14 



^t&J&\GO fBfT<oiJ<SOfT§}ffllUlT<9i<^rl<siT &6V)g&65)mg *S(l£Gfi} 6T(Lp§>tUJ 

oS^sj (t£<svK&®nrri4.iuiT&G<sij <sSl<simj&l<mrrfr. @/5^*J Qu(§q^l£>qs)uj 

<5tmp /£ /761/ <£$<£&* (Lf>£56b Li«<9S^<§)G<SDGiL/ 6p!T <gjtq.& (&jn$IULj 

l &Lbu&imGyujfij&rT[T, QLL<s$r&rT GiGfauosKaj S-<5m<ss)uu 

QuiUIT&Qr>G1T Lb<oS)ff)Si(&jlh (d)u/T(75l1(P <o$)<SuSi<3iUUll.L- «/DUO)OTL/ 

GTGVTfgj *3ir5g& (&jr$uL] GSlGfT&t&j&ltf)^}» ^jdnsmfpuj /J5/rsiitsi><55«y5?(si; 

6UQJjLb 'OuiUJT&l^lh &WU6wi]&(§f$lh &{pU65)G5TQ>UJ. ZL.<5m®$)L£> 
LD®sF}gtT&<5G)GmLllh ffLDUSVfij^O^miLjW (^{^lud)Q)U(S^<oU cgi/tsiw 

Qamsrraj§j rsi—ui3uj60 &)£$£} grrii&<sifi!<sb $)drr$luj<smjmjfT$ 

<oT(Lj)f£g &rpum<s5r <stwl;<s3><s 2_<s$srir£§i&lr0§j. ld/tld/s/cS^jld 
§luu$$Gpnb §imrp$$ $}&& pneuGSIisb ojnr&&rr lb®st®?)$ 

aSlebmo). u<so ^ww<&&^x(ff,LLu($)Lb GuDGsr&nr, 9(7$ (Lp<sfu<s6)LD 
<su§\ <sqlL®uj &m& LDrrrBgrr&isfrlm Q&uj<sSI<svt sSl^srr^rr^ ^gvld 



15 



§>i&ihu$ &m£iiurT(T <srmu&tf. ugv Lbfn&m&^ib, ^)©«€)®£i) 
&Lbu<sumi&i§njib /^k^/D/g-ss J§)/5<£ $rr<su<sStGO &(&i)m&u i$fjnrr£$£}uj$ 
£§)<&) ^mff)j r$<sv®Sltu (^ip0Qs\<so Qj0sssf)^uuQ)Qp§}. &><*&$> 

Q&nfH$§A Q<s5/t(^^)<b @6i>rra5?<s (&}§n&<svubn<9i ci/££)/5<35 
ijr§l Q$(Vi) <gH®nLDr5$5l(i$!J5$5§!. ^$Q$q$<^<^^L-.i5l<sSl(t$$& 9<v$ 

«yrg/ «D«<«<sfr ersiJGiJstreif <K^/<5rgj/uu/r<K Gsi/ssnsu G&digj Q&rr<sm 
6&(5$§l Q&rrtp&(gnnh Qgug$uulL® u&&£gi ^fGntpuSlsb anoflLpu 
Gprr tgjLp&luj Qu<smrLD68$flu5lmr Q&aS)&6fd&) £s/7<$^)<£ Q&rr<sm 

prTGVGb&GnGfT <5T(Lg§>liu6vnr <o$)Gu.(Lp. (£anm$r5mu&l <£/lolo/7W. 
r^^arpSi: ^uSlLp n>iraj66l6&r G^rrff)rr)(ipLb €U6mreF^iqiB - #iil.Uf, 



■pnggrr rjn<s®$<k &®s)t5&(§ffjib l/l_zjd/t<95 <st(J)\<&&uuiLl- <s$£j5)tp<g 
ul-w GLb<ffl&rr. 

(5/jd(S5)l_(S(u/?5? L/«Lp Glupp&j. <3iuGurr§i f [bl^^it 
<oiih.Q&>. rjrrgrT<sS)<skr grBGn&mrriT gtld. &f3g&iTLB (Lpg<s£} 
lurrrr, Qis>m&rr /5tfL.<s«5J§)/D@ <su&®mh <s7(Lg§?i<5mmf (l$..G<£. 
&mr(ip&Lb &G&rr@p-fra<srr<gnrdr gg)/£/5/rL-&j£&n<gcg giurr 

1935-^jgo GiDm&rr r5rr<si]®s)(SVLj ui—wn&i&luj Qurr(tg§} 
«^j§)<sb u^.Gs. u«<si/£i), u^.Gss. &<sm(Lp&Lb, GT<ssr.GTGfo. 
S)(5<s^<s5^rdT, i^.Gds. &f£j&prm, GTGrv.oSl. &&6rorjnjrrLDLb, 
G&.^fr. rjirLD&m£}, isinm. &<oxi&rr<smi ^SiGtunfr 
■r5i4-8>&6srif. ^jsuifsim ^QDQfr<su(0<i(gLb $)§jGqj (tp£<sb 

UL-LO <5TOTUJ5/Li @/$L/L$L_<£ <9>«<£ Q«5F£/J<g). £7LD.<57<SyU. 

eSlggujfT, (3<s5.i£. (5<£uD(Sssf) ^S)Gujrr(§Lb r5iq.&&> $)u 
ul-&g5)$ J§)/r/7gg/r &n6mGL-„rr ^uj^Slmnfr. urrij^i 
ajuiflm um±_$Q op^aHst (Lp$6vrr& sp^Sl^s^ £jl_lo <oT®srp cup 
Gorrrbfryu Gu^^LDa/Lb Gubmmn ul-£gs)$Giu G&({T) 
GZlpgj. 

^sijTpSS - u^ULjej Q^rrj^l60 2-„60asL0, g>£)6ff>60 2004 



HlD«®H 



(g£l£4.# &6umtjuGufT<so GUiu^nr<osr §£(75 SlLpLD G&rrGbcsgjStifpGg, 
^(SIP&HGb £g)/5<5 &<s)$L-QLD<sb<si)nrLD qrdn ^mri—rrS}p§j? ' 67<swyp/ 
dammumum g®sr&(^^rrGmQLDrrLJ!)l[53jj Q&n<sm($\ &<SG)LDiU6Q®$)tt)ifi\ 

^enffliB&GsrGijrruSlGpjLD <gf<sun £_<sm/7"<si/ Guiprr wp &LDLDrr 

[5lTiTLDUf.LJ qL^€S)<SUlLjLD, $®S)U&>£B @) <SV) <9> ILJ LD , &jJ<oiT&} LLGVlsfl 
LD fT 6$) 6V ILj LD , ^)®IT65)LD <5H Lq. SU (Lp LD , Lj } QS)m& &<5mm)lLD* 

■ 4 fffflj/SlULI i- &IT LDU^SU <2DtUrBJ&IT /T. G LD <S37"<!£ /T <57<SSTU<SS)<oU 2-<o®Sr<S$)LDU 

QutUiT&<S&ffl W6S)fp&(&)LD Qurr(fljL-($) <S$)GiJ<k&UUL-L- <$/T)U<Sff)<S37U GlUlUfT&tSYT. 

-4 

Cw.air.I~2 



2 <3iDar«/7 

QufT&Q»&U LHSVGgfLD, OojrfFSlffl^ Gl&LDLjW, Q&nrm<o$)m&&!T8tfll) 

umu&rQ<su<ssr tBmosr^ 3$(§ldlSI <su$&> aasr&LbLDtrm, "@(5 ^/jlo/t! 
^[[(sm® $pu>rr\ S\(sBuiSim<s^m^(^<3 : Q&nrw<sy<o5)^u Gurnsb 
^<soiL&$§>$ld uiq.^§!u ui$.{B§i& Q&rrmGmm* i3<sh<smm&(&jLD 
S) u 6® &m)i <&(&} w Qurr(§gB& LS)q^<iS}p^nr ^j<sb^D<svujfT Gojmfry 
urrfr&§] &6£ltuft<sm£B®s)$S : G&iuiu&G&rrmGmm; ^g^ «/rjgl&j 
gj<ss)LpiuiTLD<5b Gunih®SliLL-.§i" erdrgu ^n$&Q&rr<5mrGL-. $£i(njubu 

g^lLu^<sv LD<o&)<otir®51u5)L-LD G&rru£<sing>iLfix) ^^^^<m^mtD 
«/tlLujl, (§mr®&<3 : ilL^i$ip @££)£ff>/j GiurrLLu}., Q <sxj sfil uSl q) 

iUfTOJfflL-^^l^jLD ^Q$fl<S5)LDGlU <S1/ iS^OJ HT UJ iU (T QJ (§ & (g & 

IB 6b<so <su ffnuj <sp(LpS) gh^ld <srr&65<o$)®tfGiurr LDGzflgBonij £-.go&w 
&rTLDuff)<su GDturii&rrGrTrr gmtTfj&GlaGVGVirLD Qu(§^^ q<sS), 

QuiT6b6DfT LDG$T&)]®S)L-UJGU IJGWfOlT uSioV)! LD, <gj Ghl h gLDgjJ (Lpm 

G&rru&&rTG£jLD, <sH®j&rrn^$mn6£}& <95SjDcs;@« Sy$)(5/£<5 
gfr&w&rrfr&m, f?i®S)<5iru£ ^)OTeu(olu«L./TOT J (§LDrr<oh)gn-&&m, 
S)/jnr ld ^/@«nr ifl&m, G&Gii&fr&m (Lp^GSlGiurr fr iuri Odos^fjiLjiD ^iLis\. 
o5?@a//r/f. G^ey^/r (Lp{£<sS)m §Fiuu$§$&Gmm <gjLq.uu§jLD 

<oULp«<550)/T« 65)<51)£§?l(I]Jl$^rTfr. <S£(fF>r&[Tm ^jOJlT^p^jU iSlfJlUtTGmLD 

&rrm®)uSl<sb Q<su<sriluS}p Q&mfg] &w§i ^GgjGusa&onm (ipLq.^§} 

(Lpiq-$$rriT. &fT&rrpmr ®%®nmj&Grr <gto<£@ <&Lfif5@ afTGV&§$G0LD, 
&rrtD {^my p $ ($&<§& &rr<so&g$6£]LD &ub§j (&jLprB<sv&&®nm 
Quj®&§j& &iLu}_ iu<om<mr$§i (lp&$lS)lL($} ^uiriLu^u urrrjnC^ 
rWsupfflm LDfpaneo QLDrrLfi&<sis)m& G&C($) ^sup^jL^m Q&rr(&® 
<$<son^$&Gui£&&wanGfprr'; ^disyrr^j Ljgj {5fT&fT&$§)jp ucpSliu 
^Sd&frfil&dr <®L£lri>& G<a/<^OTu5)<si), giDgj ®s>ugs)&& (Bicyclej 



<SFrnhu@)6ii g>iurii&kit 3 

Gu/tlLlsi-lL® <s3)££>££5)lL®« <£ n p p rr Si iu urr<sb li&lLul. <2ifBasm& 

^g>L& @(5£J@Cii<5?S)l_65<5l) Qu(T^LDUrf(Sir€S)LDlLfLD <S5 /T 6OTULJ (J) &)/£@/. 
^LD§j &ITLDLJ@)<5U g) IU fBJ '&> U (/J LD ^9/ <SU /7<3S <o$ <Sl> <Sp <SU fj ff g> GO IT <SV , 

<3urrG§<mgfi$<sbr i%>@ ^ld^/ ^iupon®uSl<5kr uul, ^rriL<otm~.& &&&U 
(Sumru^uSlm ^ji—^^ip G&mp<sufr> ^<su<su<mrisLiurr&luj 

(g£p/5<SB">j5<£(gj ^\<SMQ! <Sp(§ (SfBfTUJ &<s£srUL.([!J[5$68)$ <&l $1 ${£ff ft - <^/<Sli/t 

GGUstiluSlp Q<3Frirg5)(/5/5£ ^(r^(smr^^l<sb ^<su(§gs)l^uj &mubiup&rr\j<m 
wj&sam <^/j£)<s» (LpijiLi^rr lLl-.ldit& <$rr$ G^®^§nutD G&drfjpj <=g>/<s3><5 

<5p LSj-^^J <o&<M£§$((llJ!P&IT<obr. <gl<S6y$&&<SmL- &rTLDU@)<SULD $Lb§} 

Qn>ii)(!$&&GS8r68).685r£ $£ipr5£5rrit. gu<ss)& LDrrifi<smu& G&rrrrlrBJBfrff; 
iSlrjLD6$)U& ®s)&u$\G<soQ)\{5$rt fr; (H^iflsb rB®r5®r£j£) rgldrip L-Gu^mr 
GijrRiapfTGn-voSlm l%/ ffnOlu umurB&rnT. "rBirGiut /§ £g)/5/<3« 

OT<^/£)<3S/7<S5 ^([fr&SilpiTd]? ^.<gS 7g)/ gy)£—IU L_/ToS) L_61J/T<aS?c95<Stf)<S)T<£ 
&Lpp.f$& SSg) <oG)<SUg£)]®Sl(&; OT63T (LD GVT ®ST (T <SV $1 <S0 <S0 (T G {& ; 

(gut-uGurr &(Lg<55)t£; 2_<s$7«(g <5T^p&n&& &LDumil> G&ir($)$gjLJ 
L$<smL-.(LpLD G&rriLi%- <s8L-.iq.6b 2_lL«/i/j <s$)6u£{£i(§<%&)p&}]? <sTorp 
@rrfQjLDrrpnrdj& SDlL^ot/t/t. ^gu(3^(S (*p«wwi" <si//5@0/5<3> 4^4 
aG<5V&L-fr<9S<sfilL-&§?l<sb ^g>g>®s)&m ^qj,ld^iu<sis)U Gupp$ltLmg> 
Grjrii&rjrr®®^ 3 <sS\<sm (Lp&LD &}®rr^§$<mrT<sb ^lci/««5, £g)u<95^/i' 
Ggr$^g§j. <£iGum 45<ofo<oS)®sr ^L-&£l&Q&iT<om(i)\, "^j<sbG<sv &itl£)! 

G&ifliurr&tffij&r Grcwiri! U6®sfl6unr& GLorr Lfl^ssnrm. Gu(§(^ 
&pp^esrrr<& &ld§! ld@o)£U £g)g>/5<9$ $m§i ©^/j q/)/t^@, 

"^pgUUlLKSV ^)<5G)$@ G&rT^LDGurrg] lU!7(fTj&(§ 

&®s)p$§}S>G&n-<sm(j)\ ^(§p$!Tiu? Gurr&Qi?! rBrrGiuf (§pp$<sm&& 
Qedjgj-<sfilLL® <orG$ff$§iu Gu&Sltprnurr?" (ormiry iSlrjLDonu <@i£j£l 

^/<S1/OT)(S^T^)/J<5MT® ^l±&ffl<S>jLq-£&jJ <5l5?llL_O r /T. LD fT 6tif! ILj LD (LDIJlL® 

LDosFI&GViiLDrTSliu G fjriiapnr ®g-* £L.i—Gm &<5M®n<otr Lbp$&>n<sw* 
^l<surj§} os)&uS\<sS\(n)$g> iSlrjLD^uu LSl®r£j&)& G&irsm® siiilo^ti/ii 
(Lp^GglLorra ^uL.<smujf> ^l(^ui3<kG^n (&&§} <gj<su(nj<sm-iu G&rruw 
gmfliLiLDUisL G&ib§i (oSlCt-nsk . ^y«5<sir i%<g Q[f(hi&!JiT®D-° ueo 
f5n-LL<xm(5u<o^(juS(sv^(5irGsu(o^G0 GuuilkoSIiLl- G&skGp r£)m<o$r£§i 



4 GLD<s$r&rr 

Q€yp$}€M®}LJ u/rigi «ani- mekiia <$jpun($\&m 

^mGprr& Lop$§i q5?£1i_^/t. <s*j®j<ss)m$ &w§i q?£L<ss)L-q5?l.@ 
LBfippnmG®) euip&&uuiq- ^mmuinCb, ~Q&rr u^^^^ld 

oSlllSLW LBiT^IJLD ^jl^lBlSl §©/5/5) ^<SW^OT!£5?OT 1DOT@/D@ 

(tpp ®^puQu^p&JirfQi'G&rTu&Gg>rT® &mwiu<st)<o®p<ik(8jm 
Q^mp mosTSLBLDnfm ^(^ldugi^ld Q<su<sAuS)(sb Gu^ssojtsk, 
u ®Drr§>si{£m& rampas; urrijL^n u/T/7L_/rQQiOTgi/ <s<s3)<sd*/S) <soisL^§!<k 
Q&rrassrGL-<s&r; <qjG^rr &IT&6S)®, (g^oSl a@&tf&)pQ@mji)j 
r£}<ss)(ssrjB$rrG6sr Q(LirrL£ltij<& Q&rr (^&ldit ti%6?s)i ld <^/<sff>£« <£/rji)<si) 
ojfrmjSUfmrrmn?" tsrdiprrm. 

^m$& G&lLl- &rTLDU@l®j ^ludj^rrrr Qurrfj)]mLDUJ[T&, 
"^lditlo; Qm<^<s&m®&Fr[jiT®Qffl<£60iT(ii)ib jeDrr^&LD 
unfr$§i$$rTdn&<sS\ujiTGmLD G&iu&lprr fr&G6frrr <? ^®jif<$®frl<5b <sh)§$if 

L/(75afr/T <f r (SW<5SlL_l£5)a)(Sl)/7lJD<5l) ^ <skG U (T ® <S£ p fQJ $5) LD UJ ffll] 

GM[rip®Sl(sb£6)€viun? <stjQ^dxsvrrLD mu^SdiurB^irm. Qrsrr(sisru^ 
gli ij9 iu rnsb (Lpiu<sh Gurrdj®SlLLi—&rr&($jLD" (ormn)] Qld§jqjit^ 
apemi(Lpmiim&rr /t. 

<&f£lturrujLD[Tdj r5LL(Lp®m_tLi G^&Gld r&rr&Lbrnhu Gurrib ciS?L_i_g/. 

^QJ^jmL-UJ QJ£p<£«<g;<Sff)<9SU iSJmup^GSTud), (LD p 0$) 6£J LD 

^i€m^Giu Q&dj@<5b Goj<mr(^LD. ^<sb<o5)<souj!T&)<sb, r5Lb(Lp<smu.uj 
ULp@;&QjLp3;&^(om^ q5?l_<s<%xl_^^/; Q6u®T<s$)<sn&<%iT rr<s&r 6®rr^&Lj 
QurT(n>$4BLD urrituu§}Aes>GC; ^<$&$iurT6b; ^m^ $iL&iq$Cd 
Q&djuj (Lpiu®2lQfSiT&m; ^mrr<sb ^eurr^dr u<ss(g<siJi£)<ss)L_/5<5s 
Glumran&ssrujLD, i3mos)mmiuiLjLD <5p(njQjGrjrr($) ^(j^guit <g>/5<5/r/p/ 



<3=rrLDU@)®j goujfii&rrif 5 

Ubffgb&rTGVLB. ULp(8jLDUl%. <oS\($\£B§! ^gs/ (SU /f<S5 (§flj <S3) 1_ IU LD <SffF(£p ££> , 

(g€mr(LptD Q lj rr (j$$&jj&l<mpm<sii[T Gojmfry urr rt&$£)prr fr&Gmf 
<g$uut4. tyasr $mi&6rr Q&dj&)jp$j>l<sb68)<so? &-.mai^<s^L_uj <%rn s FliuQi£> 
<otuQu(t§ild urr$mQ<oma)<snp^$H<sm®<su§i&ffGm. $rrw uftgSIuj 
<sSl®drr&LD Q&ii®j&tf $<ooQLbmfr)j 6&<su@$(nf)&§3GpfrLD; 
Q u <om m)! ld LSl<shm®fTu_iLD GppfrtfonLDiurr uj ■ surr y)Gii(TiT&mrr 

6grr$&$$'6sr ^Lp-GOLjDrf<^ <=2//$!fj (Lpiu<AS)GprrLD. ^^/ra^i;® 
g§rr&®t5§?l<sb /5 'zi)t9 <& 63) <ss &l6®.L-UjrTg>j; Qu<5m&<s$)<srriL]u: 

u«@<a/ijD<5^)L_/5^ i$pG& uomiLb G&ijGSi&^prriT&m. ^Gm&turiGb, 
6tf»«UL/<sw<ss^/Dg)<35. &<smr<smrrruf- <oT^p(§? <^C-i^m gpcSDuorriL/ 

<sSl($\§tipiTiT&m. ^gjGi]LD /5 si) «y <5jpurr($i&rTGm; ^)<sb<svp 
®j!Tifi<&m& <or<oku&tf &<sm®jm s LoanmoS) Qium ®s)i LD ^jumr® 

LDITtjji&miTW g£/p/p/<Sff)L£)liJ/T<55 ^g)(y><£J£/ [3 L-{5& U U ® LD QJ€mi^ 
tU<sb<SV<SUIT? j^LDl£ll-.(ipm(oiJ l£>iT®LD ^fTW L/^)^/TiU«S 

Q&n m<sfruQurr (&)ih LDnr(g)LD <sp.(njLbmruuiL($i 2L.GtnLpa§ilGir.pmGim 

ormurngB ^r$uj ^nCo <g$®jp<o®p <su<omu^iSlp l^lLl^u 
urTrruu$£l<sb®n<sDG.ujiT ? LbmQLDntB§! Gurrypojgp (gjifliu 

<35/T/filULD<SlW<Sll/T? ' /g/Tli) {5li(Lp<SS)L_.fU GuSWSStfflsOT l5g/ ^OW" 

&irpnr)j®$&^<sb &LL-nQt£GW $€tom&$lGfpfTix. QQjm<s®m&&fT!jif&m 

/§i4-<^<5 Qu([]j$^ G0rTU&>G5)£& «©]£) <g>jpU<9> (3<S5£lOT)L_£J 
QuiT(Il$LLu®$&@S)<zb<S$)60; g>(75 Qu6m ^5<o37<95(g<3S <£<SOTa/<S3F/7<3> 
<SM[?I&&UU®LD LD®sfl@G®flTTQj) Q&rT j) U&IT <5VLD <^(§lSI^§JU 

uLp(&j®J§i}<m[r<sb <ST<sk<sw Q<s5@|i) &LDU®Sil&<3iu GurrSltpgi? *m<sum 

<Sp(IT)®J<SlsflL-LD $(f$U$gHUtT&rBl—&&$ figJ/gflgft/O). ^QU®$L-.&§}!p &pp 

un l_<^o)<9$ ^mQmrr (Tf}®ji s rlL-&^ <sorru5l^jLD fp(Lg.rii&rr& 

^iiL/o5)uo/r mmGpfT9 ^/6i//t<ss<rir &rrifluj$ijrrf£l<5&<sfr. $r£i&Gmrr 
^rj<5mi4.6gjih G&trrrLnd) <g>j8$<5b G&rifGij&Lb ^g)ji)<si> Omn^^LB 
G&ir^&tf&G&rr <sm(§) $fil&m(®)<sSlm &<^ir&&&^<sQ(tt)&Q($iT&<siT. 



**ir*eC6D a®rr^«i, eu**eo> aam&rifc ermpeu&imi-iu 

Ofi&Stm ®ld$o G®(Tuld ai/5^/a5?®ii. $m*m eT&Gorru>$p$ 
(LptLL-n&r&Gr. uenfptu gp^- ^LDi3<ims^^srr o5?£_/x^ 

&itldu$Igj gtturib&fTir %$)§/ G&rr ufEjG&irmrL-rr if. OTaftgpii) 
uutT&G&fT <gi<sh<*o§} <&in}iQurr&$§i& qS}@&G&!t &<*SlujrT(smLD 

Mjpliurr^ 9(55 giBipoft ^sufr&G&mu Guitgo G<su®$ld GuitlL($)& Q&rrmr(£) 
GurTg^$$tp^^iL0;rrrrns&rTmrrLb; Gim<s5)Lp&&mu anSltULD, urrGu/pafidj &{jfi}tLfLD 

"Gu^ds/r? srmjprrm. <$}Gft<$iJ " G u nr §j ld n ? J "G<sumr($)LDrr ?" <srrmn) 
<9itt&$&G&j&& Q&n<smL_ «cbjwl- Gi&trifl&GiT. ^eujpenfp <3i$\urr6$f giBipm, 
^gm€uuS}rrmT(jj)w ^£r*{J «9s'fj)«ss^n«nr (Lp<ss)fpGiu (gj/rj?^^ Glsumpg} rglonangitB 
^iBtpm* "ffrra<jff)GO Q&rr (^<3fld Gu<s@<su Q&(T(^<sfld <5T<svrn)rr<s$r(TLD. 2_l_G>gst 
^aiasar L§iq.g§j 2LO><g;<gg/ Qojsifluu®^GSTrriT^m srw/ry 5^(75 Gupsotr /p/ slot®. 



<9=uldu^}(5u gDtuiii&rrit 7 

ld<o8)<sw®SI <oi?!la : &Gg]Ln QurTjprr<5s>LDtLfLD Q&rrmr(£) ^<su@/<£(g5<£ 
&nruurr® Gum^rrubd) G&mSl&gi& Q«nw® (&}Uqfpu u®fi»§i 
oSI&SlprrGk. Guifliu LDG$fl&ir e3iLu^.Q<sorr &rrm £g)<si)<so/7<gs 
&ir<so£§l<sb ^<sm LD®nm®S\ uifl&rrjj&Gasrrr® Ss)(/5lL(S) /5lLl/<£ 
Q&rr<omL-rrQ<srriT Q<sydr^j &<smaim ^lygi&lprrdr. ^)uuuj.^« 

(Lp<S£[T[5$[JLD ^l6Gr$ 9(75Sli©<sQ<95/T(75<51i/t <SF<omT(oS) L_ uS)®<9$ 6$ £JD 

9(75<aj/r LSQ^rr(§Qjrf Q<su/p/u<sff>ui; G^frm-^^^jLD wsd\fi 
^)ci//f)<s^<95; toTmpiTGgiw £g)<si/<s5r Q&uj& &rri?luj$m&Lj($urT<oO §£)[5& 

£_<o»&J5§$<5b <oT<SU^tJLD Q<3FUJUJ&gj<SwfllU LD H lL L_ /T <oh ; £§)/5<55 
(LpL-L—IT GfT <oT<skmm <oT<aU 6U ®T<Sl] ^/<S5iLD@^^/ /#63)<SOT£6& oSl^LD 6$)6U§] 

^fojLDrrmu u®$&>imrr<m Q@ifliqLDrr? ^juuu^^ Q&ibg>Gum 
Qu<om€m)i<i(§ 6T<sfo<stir$[ii<s&a&$rr.<mQ&djuju)iTiLL-rT<sfol ^GmG&L-. 

@<oS)(pujn& ^jojdr uQ)&S$6S)<siJ&& urr iL<o&)L-Qiu<sb<svrrLD 
Q<SFfT(5M6$rnnT&6fr. ^l_l_/t/ <^m<s$i ^r?^q§<Si%L-L£>! [5U)&&)(!]>uu§] 
<spGrj Qu<sm (gip/5<ss><5 Qiu<oMrru ^i^df Qw<sb r5w§} ^<s3)<rar>iL/ 
(S)«u<si><si)7rzi fi3)«i/^js/, S)<s$o>cu ojmffuuG^^u Guu<so 
<5jdi<su<srrQ<oijrT ^(^^iDiuir^ 6umrr&§j ^)[£j&)&ld ^$lmrr^ 
<oT(75^LD««L_/r (sfflosflL-^p Q«/T<stf3T® Gumup $&re8lGasnTQu>l 

r&LD(Lp<SV)l—UJ L/<$j§)ll5)<Sl) ^iSlfJLB $[JLb Q<3F(^UUfT(Sb «£/Lf.<5g/<& 

• /T) " ' 

(o)d5/T<SWL_^@)/£i) c^/^/ [5LD(LpmL-.UJ LDL-<SS)LD<95@1£) KDUn^ff§} 

GTGktprriT. 

sar«u>:- ^£jdl_/t, '^uurr.1 m^ujffmsi^^p^u 
Qu<om<s^sfl(^uu^nf^u u&S$rflm&uS)<sb G&m&uriLhGl&djgi 
LK$6tyQn'Qsr$ G-^uf-u LSluj-g&rr iud)60<sijrT j ^^p(g^ <§*<£« 

U)lflUJrTQD$6S)UJ /g Qu/DG<Sli<5OTL_/TLD/T? ^j $$ L£) ft $ ifl ^^l<9FUJ^<o^^ 

(ormj&GfT^uuGm, utTL-L-<zin &rr<so$G$i<sb <3<sl1l-G><9> iz5)d)<s?r><sD. ^)^/ 
<oT®jtflL-.g>§$ii) <ss/f)$/<£ Q&rr<smi£.if&G<srrfT! 2-fEj&<sh @0<sii/rS)i£i 



^ LQiff fgjGMStimnip Gurr&G<M<sm®w! &rrLDrrdr&<smm 
®Slm<so£>{§& Q®am®jm&uGurr<so oSlujaurrfj^ Q&iu@[r<sb 
^jLDLDfrgliflttJfrm §imuf5&!rdi &wu<s£1&(§ld. ^juui^S; 
&<s6lmii€mw Q&iljqj&>£qSIl- iLiiuiSlm^m^aj eSl.iSl. ^urr<s£l<sb 
^§^iuqwui4. (sSlmiLurjiD Q&ih$8iT&<sfmmFr<sb, <sy§] ^)<sw<swlb 
^muLBfr ti§l(§<£(8)LD. giii&LDrrGsr Qu<smGS)<sm (LpmiSlm &Gm(§i.Lb 
G&lL® LDf$iurr^ <@(§ g®u{s§!iuj&§?i®£Il-W Q&n<sm®Gurruj{B 
<g<rfra5? ^ojmm i£mnt& Goj^<smm<i(§ ^mrr&&l®fifT&m. ^tj<sm@ 
Q«lLl_ (LpmrmL.&^LD $rr&wfY\uu Gurr&; <*rm ®jvfilQpifl&)p 
u>ir$ljd ^ojas^mi—iu ojuSl^j GTuGurr&ii <5TfflqG>LDir ? 

^jfB^u mu$§$iui&§i>!m (9jUj_as)tu& Q&($)&& ^)rr<sm(g) 
^/ruyCTj^KDcSScsrfr qjjb$ (§&&){& n' fT&sh. ^Gurr&m $) ($■&§£) p 
ajmrruSld) ^y/5g><& (^QiDuw &,(§uuL-uQu!TSip^iQ)m)(So. 

&tnbu$mwmm&nm- ^j<s$flGLL<sb <&rm o^uSln GurrmfT6$ai> 
Gumronmr ^friiG^ ^f€miuu ud/tlL(3j_ot. ^j^j<sm(^\ l/«s6)«<mSot 
r&($iGSlGQ Q(§wn<ttr ^/<sl>ui1®« Q&(T<sm(§) ®S?$)l/l_ oJLfluji^l 

^£ti®fl(§FB§I ^(§fBfT&r<sunrLp (Lpiq.iurrg]. £§)<sw<syr £§)<ssfl ^)(&iG&Gtu 

^)©i5^/ €lS)l_£l(5) LD, Un<sS\$U£&§$Q<S0Quj <S&&<oG)®dtLl[TliJU 

Gunmg>H& 0mmjB§i& Q^ffmG^u(fm; Qu<sm&<sk &&uu®ih 

&€gluGSIa& iufTfr^^uqGufT^m? &<s&iurr<sm$s$t&(&j opwrnaSl&ib 
^§ufr Q«/r(5)^S^/TLb. <gF/r/ij§) (ipa^fr^^p^ ^jumri^fiuSluw 
©u/r Qu^mrrm(Lp<amL„uj ^puq^<ss)m&= Q&ibQ&nw. rsrrm 



&(tldu@}qj goiurii&irTiT 9 

GufTiL®<s&LLi-[T<snrrLD; ^mrjuuui- <g>]rrl@)<ss)uju Guki1®i®S)lIl-.(t 
Q&rr@\$$ir.iT&&TrTLb..^i!p$ (tp(Lg(LfiLLL^rrm ^)(njLoq& «/7^14.« 

&1TLD65)LJU U(Lg&&& &ITUJ<S$)®Jt5§J& <S&)&u5)(Y) &rLL($IGSIlLL-ITG5nr LD, 
®j<5®$<& (ScSSiIL-SI/LOTT <3T<sSr LDGWLD UlLI—UITlL<o5)L-.. (oTQSTQSTQ<SLI(Sk^! 

Q&rr<sbG<sij<m! LDn<m$^&(g) *gi<gf)§\u Gu&nrLD<sb <Mjp§j®S)LLGL-.<obr. 
seirau):- ^c95/t/ Qurrgn<5V)LDu!j)®) l^ldijG^oSI ermGp 

/5LD(ip<53)L_lli gjLp/5£5)<9> GL£>6M&fT<oS)GiJ LD@c£<£ (3 <SU (SMI ® LD . 

^l^(ss)m <3l&£)rjLDr£j&®nr /5L_/5@0/5^/a), ^^^ ^^ 4(5^^ 
lS^ld, f5rr£$LDrriT<9s<ofil<m lS^jld <otqj®S}@ (gjsn/piyuD Q&rr<5b<sv 
oSlwmGvGiLi! @®oil£_ $(LgLD<s$)u& &<smL-Gurr&jj (Simi^ 
&$Gjb&ld Q~§t{B&§i; <57<o5t<sw Q<suot(3/7)ot, QfB(r^uq^^<om<sb 
$<su[r)}t£<sQn&& <ss)®u5\<sb ®S)(Lgr5&tf <sS\L-L-g>n&<3 : O&nmmaGm 
GLD<m&rr! ^&rr! ^oj^anL^iu /5/5@<sw<xp*jd, Qu(§gs)L£hliGld 

tSHiSTi&LD /T iLl_ /T /7<5S<SF Utf<£«/Tc95<SF. r5®S)&&6$)<Sn Q lU<sb<5VfT LD Uffil@§j 

<syL-(&j <s$)Qj&§j ojrruSIti) GurTiL®<kQ&n<5mQ)\ (& > Lp$®s)g><s$)UJ i3tp$$ 

GwosflujfT^ qS1lLl-^j GurT$nrQ$<sbrfru> ^uuul ^ut&gjLD, 

&LL($ILb, mOJ&tJLD S-U^^fTG^luUfTlT^GmfT ! /5£i)(Lp<o3>L_lli 

Qu<5m®^<&&rr&&&rrG<m /g/rii) ^(syojmoLf Qun(^€S)m 
<surri J ri<9;Q®rT($)£G@fTLD. r5LD(Lp<o5)L-iu Qunr<m LDrr^S^rrLD 
e£l(n}uuLDrruto(nj&§ljpG$rT? iSltpir Q$®ld Qun(§<ofil<sb ^)ou^.li 
Gu[rrr'G6)& Q&ir<smL.„<5$)6»iLiLD r5fTiu&($rf)&(8) QGuiLmQwm<sm? 
wrrmQLD<mm? Qumrj<Si%QLD<mm? ^(smouGLDmm? ^//_L_fl7 
<g>j<oLiif&m o?® (§lLul& &<su\jmh{5§>ndt GufTiuo®®LD-<57mprrm. 

"<5j®srL„rr £g)/5/(S« su^nfii? ^GajfTS^iuu uiuGeoF GTckrryLD, 
"a_<rir(S<syr /p <ss) Lp /5<s$ n <sv ®[T6$)<so <^ul^^j<5£IQ)G<oU GmGirrpjLD 
gTgi rg)/ gg>i— (L/ (3<j<sii<s5/r<95(sy5<35(gj <5T^)/f) Q&rrm65f GurnTG&GmtBGmiu $nm 
LDjpuGumnr!- <oT<sirpfrif. 



Q&filiurr &uurr! <mr5& (Lp<sm®ni-$>®fr ld($$§} (Su/tlL® 
«ffltlL-/rraorL-/r/ a<sSliurr€m$$ip<§u LSldr ^djcumoj &nG0wrr® 

^jrrGurr$as)miLiLD } w($r&§}LD <sj$®SlLLu.Gtr ojuurr! ^i<si}<sh 
^®s)&$@rrmrr G&iiGunm? ^jdr^T(LpLD ^SrjLD G&Jjwk&t. 

Gurr&rr$fT! ^iurfLDn) Gurr^§iu Gurrglj5§i LD<m^l<sb <sS\<s^g>®s)& 
2M1I14.S; Q&nr<smGL-. oj^ird), &GS)pujrr$ lbqst§jld &Gn\jr&§i 

Gurr&nrtBff? <oTmpiT6rr. 

&n LDU@)®jg3iuf£j&n fr, %^qjot <£<^z_Jf) ii5!<si) <5T<m<sw G&iu&rrm 
G&ffiiLjLDrr? rsrrdr Qu<smm(5m ^j<s$)Lp&§}U Gurr& G>Qj<swr® 
GiDmgti <3jGi]®$f}L-.$§$p Q&rrmGm<oir. 2_l_G<sot ^i<sum G&^ug&u 

tBLD(Lp6mL-.iu G&&J& Grjrii&fjrrGg-* ^i®J<5$)<ovrj5 &®&g>l t£>&s)p&gj<& 
G&irmrrL-rrm. ^j<sb€i)rr<sfilLLL-rr<sb } l6)<s5<si/£jd <jy ®J ud n m ld 

&m&LDiDrTm (sfil&Gsr^GtBrr®, u &fil&>rrm; LorriLGsrrr (nj&(8)$ 
<^g>/5<95 L0fruL3m<smGff^um. gL-m&(&j& &ifl(T$LJUQj<sis)!j<s>jiJi-&&rrG£, 
GmGuajnG^ Gium^j rBrrsh 6Tg$m<s8r ££L-®s)®j&6fi}(5b G<9FrrGV&Sl^ 
^mojuSl®) sm~g>§}& G&rT<smQ\L& $ G&mir tbip G&ib&lprr 

<95SW(SWfr(S¥ (§£p/5<S3)<5G>LD6{), £-<sh L/ /T UQfi lLoD L_ ®J j5 §$ p fhJ &) 

o5?Lli™^/r«@Lb. £_£i; otsu <so /r li £65)<oO®S\§$muurT j aiKotn&a 
G&rrQ}$&^£ G^Gnmd Q<wlL.l_ gS\iL®£ G<^fT<mri_€S)^uGuiT'(5VLj 
LHsmr^m^tLfLD G&^itlLl^, ^(§<ss) lluj fnb GUGrrftjJbgB gr&j&gmgiiLiLD 
^rrmij GUfTiT^GgrT ih* Gimm G&rfj&lpgj? unr^^fjmnSl^^j 
L$&m&u5lL- G®j<sm($LD. <=?y/5<£ g/sty/— (Lp<sm<s$)L-&mrf <so 

S^U^fJOJLD £-<SmL-[T(g) GwdfU§j <oTG5T&(&j ^[JLDU^^GgoGuJ 



<SFfTLbu^)Qj g>ium<&rrfr 11 

Q$ifliL]Lb. (Lpmr tSl<sk Ggrflmrrg ^)l.^@ Q<sv<sb<svfTLD &ldu[5£ld 
Q&uj0 Q&rr<smL-.rr<sb ^^j ^juuuj.^nrm (LPl^iljld, Gurrm&i} 

Gu[T&lL(£)LD; f5LD(Lp6V)L-.tU <§ipf5<S5)£568)UJ ^6®Lp£5gi&Q&IT6mQ\ 

ojpprrGm, <sy§jG6u GurrgjLb, ^si/syr ^rijG&Giu ^(r$&&LL($LD. 

(56060 c£/T<SU£i OJfJfTLJOp GufT&fT&jj. <3j6)J 6V)f <k(&} 6JuGurf^ {56060 

L]g$5i 6U[juGufrSlpG^rr 9 urrir&&6QfTLn" <oT6kp 6U6m6mih gar 

*%} > §>$P$'6to{5 <SHI—&& 6U60606^W <£/ p p <Sli 6fT fT IU <£ &(5OT gflj>/ /BJ 

&6m6tifi(§ubn iu& mm&iDiDn m &<s8)pr$£GmGL-rr($ &<s&)LJDiu606$)p& 
@<rfi Q&6&T{prr®r. ^juj[jGld 6iiuf_®jLDrriu !L.tL&rr n $$ (njjpfs 

&rTLDU@)6iigoujr£j&frif > GinGkriLtr l^uSgv 6J6iiGijn 6Slfjm60 

QlD&tf6yiTdj<9 : Q<F/T(J)<sS)^ ^£D«@<? 6$)<3F®n& 8> /T \Ll$.\UQS) <S5 ii/coTOT/T/^^/ 

GldG60 $t£lftip§A unff^irrr. ^]LpG& ®ji$.6urnhg Gt&rrdrffiliu 
QurrpQ&rrL$. Gurrmp ^(/5 Qu6®$tld6®$ ^/£/©(/5/5^ ^<swr<swnb 

g6U ff)[Jg6S)g LDlTg^IfTLD <$([!) U60&6mfluSlm 6ULfiiurr& ^iLlSf-^TIT 6fT. 
*5>/Q/(g5<S3>L_CLf <95(SW«<5?r ^y.6U6B>/7 (517(75 /5 @ <S*j6$)Lpgg6$T. 

6 V/d (5 /d U0^d5 «sssKSld (g)G£i!EJ&£ ^/jarsi/L_/5 

[5pGp Q6vrrr(Lg& /5i_<sot £f)/e/<9s/t/t fBmL-iuLp&Jm 

Q u rrtpG p $q7j&&$ gm6vuj60f£i <3sit[jld l//duui1l_(p<5." 

6T6&6$t$> Ggrrmrfyiu ^ld (Lp&g®ng G[5rr&&)uj is$.uiq_ &Q60&L-r?l6br 

§JlU!J(LpLD, (Lp& 6lJITL-L-(ipLD Up$§} GufTllSlGVr; ^jsku 
LDlULDrT6$miT. U${&<5S)fJ WnptgJU 6®ULDQurr€iT6$)6tSrLJ Ul£\j5{5 <s>ju 

ij f rBjQ<9ifTL%.u5lm G>uxsfff? $p{565)§ ^mmrrd) g-®$gu Qupp 

GuD&6U(ri)€mrU- UlLi^.!J6S)L^iijLB ^J6S)L^.<o5)UJ <gf60!£l&lDg$ ■£&& 

<^LLuj.iuiT6mr(LfiUb ^uS/j ldi_/e/@ GumuiSlg&m. 6uuS)pr& &ldll60 9 
ojuSlfT gp«@u Q urr lL® . (ipg><sSluj 2-iufr0fj ^)6®Lp&<svr ^6U6n§i 
<su&<m$)$fp- 6^i_/7(Si5?Ll Qt-.ffig>g6tir; «/p/<jg> &fTji5§j&> $5)60&Gw &<sm 
Q&ir6fr6frfT& fiF}rij&rr{jLDrnu<& &rr6mGurTiT LH6ST^Ip &rrLD&> f£6mu 
Giimfrgg&ij. cg)/6w@5«@ (Lpuugj 6uuj§j rSliriAiSltu&iTuSlGFiiib* 
^I6um§j GgrrppLD S4®J <§$&(&) 6uiu§j u^iGGisrGipGium^i 



12 ($wm®n 

^rrmrGunif &mr®s)<swu4W LDm&er>@qLD <sp(§f£iG<<B &®J(§ld 
^[mp<si)irr5$ ^fjGSl^^m #««• gmuijib, GiDmonwiLiLD 

ujrrQ^ff(§ LD&emojiLjLD Gujprrg n§$iu G&frumu Gu<sm6$><mru 
Gurr<so Qeftlfrip§i ^@<*«ii Gurr®)& G^h^^ld ^eu 6i/<gj£)<5g>£ 
^m^mubnm <oim$} Guiuir (giluj-cu^/ er$$m&iu Q u n ($$$&! 

mfBrB§$m(§ GwmpnGO, iufT<aufri£§jLD G&rr u&G&rrm^LD 
&nrLDU&)Qj gfttjmj&irfr <giipQ)& @<a5)uj(5unri£j« &n<smuuiLL- &>w 
wonmiuiT iLu$.muj& ^mi® G<su<sfkrGmsr<smiuuGui7<sb ^<syrS) 
®fmuLDrrij f§<shp§j (oS\^€^^iunGwrT9 GwmLDrnq.iB <sS\(j^^ 
# /r /5^5 ih u^utsj. &>G<so<kL„ftlm §\G$)&<oftiuu iS\tq-g>&rf s_g?/<iS) (SidGcsi? 
^(ig&>j5§l. *&l®&{5 Q$mq.tiSl<5b ^ojjt GilGgv G&mir}] <j>//5<55 



& zk. zk. *& ^ 
'T* ♦ A A A 






&-<3ijrTLD(LpLb> ^urr<mrr5J&(§ri}LD gS\<50&®ijul-ii w<s$lq])$&6sr. 
^V<oii(G5<o^)L_iu «<sw<55@5Ijd 5 &<stnGsn£}&i§n)Lb (§L${5&>l(!])!5&®nLb 
turr'GgiLb, mm&§$<sbr Gu®rruLjLD, Lb^&Gfilm ojmuLjLD ^j6b<svrrmLD 
iurr®}jLD ^iojot Guiu&Q&n<smi-.®j<o8)fflLJ Gurr<so &rr<5mu 
uiLi^nm. $®n&u uii)fry$ ^©lol/ GurreSI^^ <&.gui®<ss)1-.uj 
GtDosfJ, ^ojtir (& ) <osfliu&&rrfflGujrr Gojm^jLD g>uj^<sm§ 
2_^5jfl_/t«S)(u^/. .£X3<swrQ€i/LlLj.'uSlc5r ^mwmujuGun <sSl(§jp$ 

^QJ(^^l—lU L//D<95<S3>QTc5 §$%)$§} ^OJ&T ^uGunfOPi^A^uGufT^j 

$<s®&£E>$Gurj§} i ^<o$>m&&rr$q5$& utp&^LD, ^(j^iiiSlu 
GurTu5}(§ip$ (Lp&dpCb (ipsjmsfl efilw&fTfjg. G^rrjpp^^^ 

Qurrprr<o$)iDS : G&rrp&^LD, ^ipuq&§$tLjLD Gupipojm. 

<$B&m(tpLD, LD&)j£<SljLD, <^(g)<SS>«fjy£JD, /^«UL/LD, G&nfLJ(LpLD, 

^mLjLD, umsics>LDtq.LDi utL&opih <^/Qj(g5«(g $<ss)mt£$rr 

Gumff$$ <§$(urii&LL<ss)i—G5)UJLj(§urT60& cS/rsOTru/j/l/— ^<5iim, 
QLDmL<ss>L-UJ-ui.$§l (y>&&(T i^L„^(!5$&rrm ^S^ld (Lpuugj 
®j(ti}<styr£ia<58)<srrGiu &€mL^^mnuS\(§$$rr w. tunanm £g)®L/L/Lb, 

U(T65).<o$T®JuSlfI)]LD, (^^jS)UJ £6$) 6V ILJ LD , Qu(^SlOJ 3=>H ^ LD, &lGfrlS®Sr 

qp&(§ld, <&<ofi!u5!<sb(svrr u<a>g2/u>, £-(5<swn_ &<mm(^ih, Jg)rj<mrL- 

£-&<$)LD> (&>%)] LDGS) U &> gGnGVlLjLD, $($LDUJT& &Q4>&gJLD Q U (T) $) 
^//5^ <3jLDLDrr 6H &>£&§} @lLot)L_<£ <S5) &&(§[!) LD, £)LD/Tll<SZr>L_ gG&GVlLjLD 

$®s)&>£B§l sM^&GSlGSltnj^ g<sm gr£jm& GarTLD<srr&G&rr @ 



|4 GlD<SM<3iU 

earriranb:- €jmut juaanm! <sutj<Mfj ^m <sm& G$$ 

^&&$®) (®$lLul®)) Qun$&>$^uum$>m$u Gun<sSl(§&®in)G&>i 
- ot<s%/ «fcgfl r5<z®&$§iu ufti&ff&w Q&ih$cTm. ^ias>$& 0«i1l_ 
Qu($!fiG$eSlvLDU>iT&T, "p&prTitil($&Gljp$i!*3>l!P$ i5lmn£i*{§$&® 

UMrmiD Q®jlL®ld ^dr§ji£l&)Qsxsv; uamih <$><sZrgL]&fTm iSJrj&rrmLb; 
^$&& &t3<omiq-&(§ isluisl <sQ(5i?«l/t s-^Giuit^ld <n<skm 
G^<smuLuSiq$&&ip§l! ^^ 3 Qu<5m ^ji^fii^^jLD rgl&tgiuj . 
^rrig>S${rLD. t s>fQjfr&{Q$mi-.iu (Lp&$$$<sb sSIl^I^^it^jCd, 

Gsirioorub:- ^ns&rzg. ^i&frm! <s>j u u uj-# Q&rr<sbGgj S)pniu? 
^GU6$)j6$)L-tu ^«(tps^Liii^syr grhJ&LDLnrrm. ^niunrf 
8>m&ubt£>rr m(&®sr&LD <ormiprr®) ^waih) ^psm® 0r£j& ld<$s)<sv& 

syftgf&ss, l^uul &Q<5D&L-mij s$/ftc£j§)/T GtDdi&IprrGuj! - sjmprrm. 

&LDLL[T®5#r GOlL&lB VJ LD LD IT Q GfTm^j QuiU(J €$)®J &>§!\ (]T) U LJ®S)£BU 

Gurr<sSI(nj&&}{p§!. rsLD(Lp6$)i—UJ qj $n '& 9 n lSIA(^ G&rrum 
(Lp&a.fT$$$$<sir Qurr§i ulu 14. &Q<ovaL-.fr ^)^6Wl_/tuS)/7ijd ^urr 
Q&fT®g>&nGm; <s*}&ip(§u u$<sorr& $r5J&$6is)$tLiiTGij§i; 
&m&j£®ngiurrQj§] @rjrr<3> <s>]®nLp&§] 6ufF>§$(§&&(SvrrGLD. iSLUiq. 
s>Q<somL-(^LD ^rt<5mL-_FTu$lrjLD 55 u /7 <svrruLDrr®Li$V)£5 $\€$)®ng,§i 
^j(§<siiif}d) GpffiiSimiu &{BG&[r®$LDfr& ^i^iulSJ uSl(njuurrG®$r. 

<DttnriD6mb:- $W(LpG6) l-\u 6iijjrr&&tTLblujrr GjLDrrgy&lpojm. 

6$y&Q&[rL-.Lq- /5QT)<g>^^/ ^s^^g^oj GS\<s$)&mrr& ^LLuj.GSTfrsh. 

Qu(§rsGg><sS\ @\$§} Q<oUQjuGufrQ}, "^lditld; S)mosr 
iSoftL.. <su$§} (g@ii)L/£i r5L-$(j)l45$rrm @l/ot>u Q&itlLisl 
oSliLL-fTGm. Glurriiu danL. <sn^oSl tLu.fr d) ^&arr6rr airr&rBgfrtobr. 



(Sl?L_<5)ci@ (JpGt^ClS) Qu^^LDLDn<5ff G 6U ti)J G &}' 65) Gll uSl'SO 68) 60 

6T6&rpiT6rr. 

fgsnriJD6nrub:- ®j^u Qu6m6S)6Ssr6urT6S)60tqL0- 9 ^m6t)6$)iutL]LD 
^rfr^siSil® 6Tuui4.£5&iT<m 6U6rnT$$nrfr&Gmrr! &&& L£>^^)iun 
u5l(rt)<&(9jGLDrT! Qu<5m6mrr£ju i3p$t56tjm un~LD68)uuGufT6Vu 
LJ(jLJ!JLJurniJ& &iT[f}iumj&6$)(afT<9 : G&dj&tf Q&iT6m® <ormQm6k 
u{B$)(g)6tt <oT<5mQ<5miun uj r£\mpii<so<5b<oOQjrT ^^G^fT^iDn 
S(j¥f<s(^iDi G&nLnGuf$\u lS}6WLD; rB6k!prr&6pmtp6to[juuLq- iufr\S\u 
iS}6mL-.$65)^ 6^Gij GurruSl 60ui-£§j&Q&rr6m(b), 6^(5 <35<si/<s$ 
Q6yipr$65)<506muu Gurr'L-(i)\&Q&[T6m.(j)i 9 GmgGft&aniu q5?l_@« 
SGifi ^)fprBJ&rrLDfb &rnur5&n ojnrr rrGmnG&iuLD ®j rr &)&>&>}& 
Q&rr6m® <5£iLifTLD<sb ^ 6ii G <m nr @ ^ofliun^ 6Sl68)6frujrru^<i 
QaiT6mLq-(n)i5$iT6b <SH§} GurrssrrG&rr? Glurfliu Lbesfl&fr&Gftl&T 
<s3iL(£\u Qu6m&{§nj&(8) £§)<si/6y<srr<si/ g>n®n G&rfliLjLb; ^//5^5 

^jLJUL-Uj.^ &68)<SDIU&&lLL-(I]JLD <S*I 6$) &> 8> &> U 6&T &(pfr}]& 

Q<3>nr®&$£}([ijLJUiT6Zr. 

<Siuc[5rfe^si2- JV/5^ £)ld/tlLl_<££) 6U6nrr^ (Lp6m6S)L- <oT®srmi%. 
Q&tLi6iin 'm! &>n ®s)UJ€E> t56m6$$?rr@ &jj6$)pu$6V urr ff^fr<sb Qu6m68)<mr 
gSiLulp urrif&& G6u<smQ)6u^i(A>68)60, 6)3LLu^6Sl(^AS}p gir ih uitlLi^ 

(Lp^66lGlUfTrfl6iT /5L_<£<S3><95 6JUUI4. $l(&a£)pgJ? ^/^/c35^^)OT 

G lu n AS) tu 68)^68) iu 'r5iT6M urTrr&®®Sl(sb6$)6oGujrT ? ^n^^l 

®J$§! 8>rT60uq-uSl<sb r£}p(&,LD Gurr&n, $rT6$)60 r§LLut.aQaiT6m($) 
!-}($&>§}& ©«/Tasrif (5/5^5 &14-& &\tt)j&§Zg>rrG6M ^6U6h. ^//5^ 

. syuGungj siirr&p &&68)OJ lUfrGprr £g)i$.«&g/» u Qu(f^^G^oSl 
Qu(nj[5G&6Sli" ermrpj Sj®nLpg>& <@68)& 2_ smL /r u51 /&,/£/. 

&rsQg>fT6qig>&>fT6b (Lfi& Lb60fr&&) Qupp Q U(f^^G^6)5} , U ^jLq.l <3FfTLDfT 

6ij &§$($&&) p rrm; &&68>6>j& jg)/p/" monpum. Z-i—Gotr G&rTLnmw 
<oJQg$§J (§$@^ &Q a rr 688rGu.iT 14. eurruSIny &$6S)6ij$ @/D/5JS/ aS)(~, 
^®g>g>6fiiL®&&rrLbr[ ^luit^lsliu68)& : ^ ^L^LhuijLDfTs; ^mG6rr 



1§ G.LD6$r&n 

S/anLppfirrir. (Lp§l£)&JLD, &(y$$s}iu>, «n**a9g2//i>, u>rrftiSl&iu) 
Giin&mm fp$an$6s>$ vrrrrstrmrrdju y^fflA Q&rr<sm@, <surruS)<sb 
^/TLby^ii, Ljen&uSlesHSO (ip^GS\uj(oup^ldr d?/g>® <oUl£)iuu qm 

(ipfrjdoj®) Q&dj&<surrnrdj& ^L-^/f)® <sup$nfr. cumSip ®$6sxsxj$ 
^/rQ»L_/T£D/D <Frr£§l6SlLL®& G&rriD<srr(LpLb ^/sii^/J^ Q$m-np§i 
2_mGm ®j[5$rr®rr. ^ojfr $)($u$&rT£j ^<%5) ^($u$G$(Lp 

^(§m)m<m &)Lprajm&u(s>Ljrr<so £-(§<5m® @/7<sw7L- &)<su$g, 

GuS&fjwnm G@rrfT)p$6$)£iLiLD €ruGurr§jLD ^«u^u ium^} 
GojQprrm(ois)piL]LD ^r&iurr^ Gu^m^^^iLjLD Q&ir<smuL(iiji$giTiT. 

^p€mp ^.(/j^^/j/tlL^^ld, &rr§ft<sb (o)<a/<sJrs3)(syr«5 c£(5)<£<95@/Lb 

^l&^ (m - ^)s3)L_£d?<5U gJ(5b(5iS}lULDIT(o$r LDSV &jjmfllLjLD 9 &(Lg^$£lip 

L/a§/# G&filu ulL® £L.(njLLrT6$)60iLiLD <gj<o®sfi /5j§)(5 $&>nfr. ^\<suh 

G^rrmrfil ^sn^^p uGVonauSiGV ^LDif^fTrr. 

iSiGMmrTGb qj$&> G&rruDGfriD, u ^ul <=£>/<£<£ /r <srr/ ^jG^nr 

^ITLDLJjGOLD f§l<o$)pr5g (SU fT <S5) IU $<mprT&g> j§) /T) /gd^/ Gu^ 

£X) /t zl l_ /r lo (Si) & rr ll nr ®n <su m if <SLirr<smLi ftp isl iu gli n G p t u ^Jj-fi! 
S)u(g/5(5^(SiS)/ /5<si)<a) QjLp<sir Qj[B(£!(Lp&£)Lp&jj; <&GLp Qu<sm; 
OlLptdsr® GgvlL&ld (Lg>urrdj&&)& : Q&rrg$(Lg&&)Lp&jj , /5 susu 

^lULLfT^fT Lfii&GYT; & 6$ UJ K (5m LD Q <3F UJ Si Lp U IU !J ?" <57QSTQj 

sim fr^m@&6$)m GiiLpGijLp Qai7LpQ&irLpQ$ijmfr)j Qqj<sw<o5)l_<9s 
&rr£iu u&&L<Liurr&&)Lj Gu^rBGgoSJa^u ufftumffilGsmfr. eurrantug 
@/D<5« LOfTLLL^fTODLDiUrKSV, "^£4" Quj®stu§} "&$" lurruSlp^j. 
LDpp&G&rrp&snl^mm u rr"&rjrB]aQ<sn(ob(svrrLD "ip" &fj[h]&(mrruSl®$T. 
<JH§l1 etiturresr gLSlySid),' "^fut Gu^^G^^j tbgvgv tourjm 
Guf5&Q5&£ltp§i; <3>Gp Qusm; @)ij<sisr@\ Q<svlL&ld ^urriusi^ 



Qu<sm ff)®duQurr, <3S(^uGunf? <orosf<m €uiu&?- *2i&$&iJ& srrifliu 
QLD<sb<svir-LD G&iuiLjLD-rr ? Q u <smffiV)i jg cgj &> ^tfisjrrif.&<o£8r<sti)L-& 
amfliurr?" <ST<ohpir<sk. 

aFrruDfn- Qu<sm LDrrr$pr5£5rT6k. ojmgj U(^6$Qg'GmL-rr&lp&j. 
<%f,rpj L£rr<3F&§$p iSl<stT<o$)6rr®F>iULJ Glupfgj gSI($)ijd. <s$®ufr&m 

Qj(^LbGun§j, ®$)&uSl<sb (8jLp$<s$)&>GturrGL-.Q\u ojfjuGunfSlpnm 
GurT6&([fj&Qp§]. 

^ojrr&dr <oTrf>.8> gmrjL~rr ? 

<^fft£>rK- ^ojrr&m (§LDuG&n<oW&>§}<5} <95©d5g5 6®r¥i_rrsi5l(i 

Qu<omGr><mr& Q&ir@uurT[T&<orrrr ld. on&uSlsb Qpn&&LDir&u 
uS^mnu-ilfjLD ^unr Q&nr($)&&Lj GurrSipnn^m. ^^p(§ Gld<sv &fr 
&\puL]&m 6TUU/4. ^g)(/5<£@(SLD/T /g<3«u urTfr$§i&Q&rT<3r.. 
r5LD(Lp6$)L-iu <surjrr&<9 : n l£I&(&> ^Jp^u Qu<sm ^«l/ulL® 

<DiS)ilL_n-CaO, f5L0(LpQTH—UJ <3sqS) {$l£jG£)U GuiT(&jLD, (^lL($iu 

UL-L-rT6£}Lb Gldit§$ij& on&ujfrrp @l1(5)l/ul_ 0si/sror(5)Lb. |§)gA 
<sii(oi5ca)si//T &LDur5gBLD! Qu<sm<s®sf\m <9$«lj l/oi/t /r ^/5^5 sM(j^iG<5B 
<^jS>)u&?!; G&rTUL&Guprfr; <spGpQu<sm- <nmpnff. 

$&&\iwmwi- (Q U(t})L£>S3ijp& : &) ^nfiLuf.) Qu6m€®sflm 
QuiuQfjQsr<mL-fT-<oimpfTm. 

(oUU65TrJ-3 



CTiJDnr:- uw<5>g)<sii<sb<sS\iurrw. 

gwsfite** :- (*pGjB**$Gg>rT®) £*>«> ^ip&rrm Glutuir. 

0PW3I ^®GGUfiLD; @lfo ^($*& {£)*$""& *M *"*«*«& 

§)®jG&§}df£! jj/r£@/fl st^y>$§l oj^SlGpdr. ^$p(§m <L.m 
^ldlS sufjrra&rrLBiyLb &eG*ti(6lGSI®p$i <surril®LD; ^/Qi©/^L_ai 
<#/ l9 uiSlfju tua><smg>& G&lLGu[tld. 

9u<r$j5fS<s®Ste- ^sussr <o7OT<sst Q&rr®)<5vu Gurr&lprrGm? prrLD 
ufrfr^§} tnajm<ofr& &<5iSlujrr<omLD Q&dj§] rneu^n^LD ^j/jy 
^ojgl/*©^ $®u$$rTm. @)uGurTgi (Lp$<ril<sb u&wrruSlijLD 
^un <su(§£lp§i. spGfj Qu<sm; l5?otl/ ^srv^l (LP(L£>gu§jld Gur&gj 
G&frp§i «S) ©ld. £§)/£<£ &ldu!E&ld &>&&(3 ) GLbnl <$i<sudr ermasr 
^ilO^ufflnOT Q&rr&<sQU GurrSlprrdr. $ <5t<sv»@lj upn5liqLD 
Gmrr&m®si Q#djm G<su<5mL-rrLD; $)<ss)$Giu (LpL^^oSli-Uurr. 

£L.di&m ®SiL®& &}M(§nj&&mrrG u neti (§<&&) p§]. $)$<£> u<su 
^)«s^L_(^«5F(SOcg5(rfT ^)(5c$S)<sir/r)<^". GuGmostii&csj <s*j ld ld n m 
<aT(sk<0$)m<& GslLu. (LptBip G&<srr<o$ <oT<sk<5$r ©<9>/fl<i/LD/T ? *£.&}&<§$&(&)& 
Q&rri5$!£(gl<a) <si?£^(5«S)p^/T' Q®j<skfr)} (3<95L_L_fr/7. 

Qu<fpjB(0<BQls- (^®jG<svrr®) ^(§&&)pQg$brfry G&iTGVGgj 
&}p§j^rrGm. 

«spiriDii:- ^£i; ^fuuu^^frm G&rrdrGoffm. Q&rr<sb§y6)j&ij 
LDrrgGftpw Guir&tfLBir? o?© Goj<smL-.nLLfT? ibitld ^<siiiT&(<$i7f)a(8j 
€rdxsvrr oSIg^iu^^o^ld &ifl &LD(TG8TLDrr& ^(sbGorrLDir) GurtmnGgjiD 



i77T@, <5«g/, &<0$&GU!J<5k 19 

&<sSlujrT<omi& ^«5!(!5«£)/d Q$<siru§fLD, <gj(5&u Qu<sm ^.uSlGrra® 

■G&rTGVG^&Iprrdj? 

Gurr.£)rp&tf? G&<sn<^iL]6mL„rrmrT<sb ^<sy<szn<a>Qcu<sS7yp/ Q&rr<sb®Sl 
<s6lL-u.fin) QunS\p§i. 

&r$wm- (&60&(5tiQ6umfr)j &)[fla>gj) G&fTLDGfrg&$£}<5&r q<£@ 

LD<ar>/D<95<£ (Lpu}.iqLDrf 9 <SHQ^6V6i)rrLD u<sSlm(T§}; &<sSliurr<smLD 

(LpLq.Qjfr<mi3m ^u&&)iul£) Q<sij<ofrlturr<0$rrrri) &®j<5m€oiiSJ<sb<om<so; 
^l^p^ofimGeue/HiuiTG^FfTjr) ©ujl Q<95tl(5)u Gurr(5£i. &<sSluj!T<smLD 
fil<sk^j Gurriu®5)®LD. 

au^jfelo^sils- 2M(n)&Q&<sb<oVrT ib (Surr^^iGu^ ®j(§®rp&jj; 
^g)/5<g>u i^es) l_.<£ gj syffLorfLLGi— Q(osrehSlpG^; ^)fiiG& £§)(53@/ 
Guruh s£(5 <si/(5s^LDiTiL/<oi5?LlL_^/. r5fT<s$rrruSI(r$rs4£rr®) ^jfB^Lou^ffi 
*$l gu ib n <ssr a u i— Qr5nfB&n<sb, 2_l_Got r5rr&&r>&u lS)(£) /£/£)« 
Q«/tsw(5) £_vS\mrj <^iLl^(!]juGu<sZt. l/^&^ot <gdraB 

€SlLLL-tTQ<o$T<5frgJ 2MIT (Lp(LpQJ&jJLD <§J6nm(6T) Q&UJ6U<m$& GdStl® 

ottuots- ^}®d®s)<ofr&> Q^rr<5V)<svuu&p(g) ®JLftl (lp&gSIGgdGili 
GufTdj<oS}iLi—fTGff. ^uGurr&tf zimm Q&tij&}p&jj? 

<gi<ss)4B& Q&iu§$(Tf)f5J5rT<sb ^juGurr^j arriflvjLO. j^mp.rr u$ (§&(&, ld. 

(B&nrijb<5irii}:~ otot^t Gturr&<o$)Gvr? <orm&(&)& Q&rr$0(sv 
®$]6b®n<otiGiu; <sSl<o)$g®s)^& Q&rr Q)\&>& i i&> GlarrGkrrrij GSlQiS\pG^rr9 



20 GiAm&rr 

&(TLDff<Sl{&(§LD <5Tm&(8}f5g(Tdr Q$ffltLJLD. 

Q&ir<&tsou UL-rrGgnr? &irLnrr wn^fj^^u^ s_ot«@ 

QslL@lj GufT(§LD; wmr®ni—®5yiu £-®s)L-&>§} qSI (J) ®j u <m . /f 
@£p/5^>a5 q@§$u5)miT6b <sh®j®s?Il„ld Q&rr<sb®S! ®5)(b)6LirrGujrr 
QojmfQ] utuf5§j Q&fT<£<so-rTU)6$(rf)i5($$rrLO. GojGprrm^} 

iD0"®*nuj ®sfi0&!&)fDrrGm; ^ojm ^m^LDi3<o^)iu ^jfiiG& G<oU<s$)6V 

uf7iT$&jj& QsrrdTGTTLj G u n S) p n or rr ld . ^giksvt ldulBI&ld 

&fTUL$®^$Gb®T)GtilU!TLD. LD/J<£«/tS) QurT®QmQLL Q&djU6U®ffnfLD. 

^Qj^ja(§u lSott lo<sw<75£?dl_{u Gurr6®<m&§>l<sb lB&gijld 

^SM&ttJfT LD. ^®ft & UJ H <ob , <5F6$)LDUJ<SgJ&&{T& c£{<olJ6!S)l&Q&ITCrFj 

(SlrffrLD<mr rfu<§)/? Goj^^ldu ld. f$<sb6V ^Lp&rrosr £)/py 
Qu®krGSBrfTu5l(n}J5$rr6b ^un. 5,000 Qfjrr&&LDir&& ^(f^SlGp 
Qmmfr)j &rrLDfr o5)c_<£<i)<s{? Q^i^<siSJ^^fT<^rfT ld; /5 ijd (tp <s^> l. ju 
(3u)£3rc&rr6S)Qj ijm&\ujLDrnh<$> Gl&frsm® Guntug @6h<ofii<5)5lLLQ)u 
U€m^67S)$ ®jrrr&i£)& Garrcmr® €u^<sS\tLL^rr<sb ^f$^&&<^iu<oV)jLb 
f5LD^)LLQSlC(g\^ Q$rr®$)®jr&§} Guit^ld; ^ig<svrrr<sb Qu(n>$$ 
Q&n$§]LD g)a>L.$giGfil($}LD; ^em^^frm &irLnrr (oi drastis w 
Q&{rmmn®$f. ^mrrsb 6rm&(&i LDmublGbmGD; ®)uuisl 
GGuQjprrq$<M6$fluLb G&rrmr® Gumup ^rfr^oj^^o^L 

Q&rr<sb<s£l oSlilGi^m. 



P~(T(8), (Sc95jy 9 &<oV?&QJ fj<sk 21 

(gsnriranrib s- ^/giygyr §\<s$i&>& ®s)m (8 ) r5<smiprriLiu QurrfBjS)u 
GunQ)QjrrG>Gfr! ^©/b/t^ld ^<5iim^i^p(§ ^j^mfii^LDrTLLL-.rr(5rr> 

.aFntDnr:- rfl^^nm. <^/6i/<5yr (srriiCS&imTGii&ij §\<smipffilG<sorr 
SL-eSIGwrr 6fi)qg[&§j'-£L.uSI<sin[TUjrTGJgj qS)l1® o^C^ojirGomumif} 
<^/<si/§gi/c95(§ ($([ijr5rT(§rijLD &gf>ld&§ju GurTL-LLrrLLL-rrm. <s>j[5&& 
afojGsvsv [5 LD&G) &&£>(§? LDrr&&rriu®sfli-.Lb $rrLD u<mr$6G)&& &(}){&§] 

(gl)sb<Sl)ITLD<sb GufT(^LDGVGi)G)JlT < ? 

aucg^rfeCD^ail;- ^udl/t &rrLDrrf /f Q & n <sb ®j g] r5<sb<5V 
Gmrr&onmgiTm. ^ojonstr [Bitld Q&rr<z$)G}2iGij($£5<sbr? uitojld! 

2-uSi<oV)(j LLrrdj&gi&Q&fTm<Q$£)tprr6iT; ^uui4.Giu (Lpi^^§i 
(sSlL-Uurr! 

uSl(§<iS}iprrm Qurr<sS\(^ASlp§i» ^juGurrgi Gsugu ujrrmrjujrTGu§i 
gtj 77) u /r® Q&tijgj ®LjlL-i—.rrG6$nT (SKsbrmGojiT? 

«SFffUDffs- ^g) «si <55) <so ^ a; (55) (5i), G n> p npj &»-i— ^ojdr 

61 U <[!>,!& 6^ aSl:- I4.L/I4- #Q6U«L_/T6fa.L-L/ Oumot 

< 3l®s)Lpg>g i }& G^fTGh^LDUUj-, ^(gj^/rgi©^® Gurrm 
6i0rBia&fTa=nrrlliiirriT gpcSDLD/rd/ii, 0Fi_6arFU(ronnflujnriT ^p gv w rr U-i ld 
Q&n6b<oSl uj^juL5l<5mnGm. rsrrLD ^juir^l iurreu<ss)^uQufreo 

(55)su^@)(75/5jy u<swr<£<S5)<95 Gurrr£i£)& GsrremO) grstilcrLDrra ^(Su^sytv^ 
Q^rr<5^)(o0^^jG^lLL® (op<owmpiLiLD <syii5liLjrr&<oiJ®r>!jiJ Gurr<oSl(i$r5§j 
q5)©<3<su/t(3ld. £g)g/ ^fj<smL-.rTiBJ a&Sliunassr$§i&(gj $[ildu<oi\ld 



22 (pwgst&jt 

^ojGsflL-W j§)@ul/s*>0 ujfrrjfTQj§j « mr ($) eSl iL l_ /t <&? Gnrdrm 
Q&£iQro§i? 

QurT<sSl®*£lp§l- c£/^D(<5<SYr Gurr&i<s$lil.i-rT<sby i%(g QeueXluS<A 
GULfKSiu Q$flujiTgi. G«/roj./7-«*dr ®j($uu&it<£ ^iLqp^w 
€t®j(§ld Gunss^.u.fT§i; <£//££ wrr<sfilma&<j9)dr eT$$6S)anGajfr 
LBmpwtrm ^L-r&i&t&LD, p&&ltULDrT m *u $&!$$& ^(^A^drpm. 

«u^rfe^si;- <si/ rja&&rriB i @ ^i<sum Gia<sS)(§&(§ld 

*£l LD LD (T Gsfl L_ LD fBfrf&l&ffl ^jmOfTLD U§>l-68)G8r[58)J $ fT C & 6$ <SV 

&g)jLJLi ? 0&G& ®j(§Qj&rT tb& Q&n<sb<sS\ ^^juiSlmoj- GrmtpjTm. 

rgjuGurr^j GTGuGosm <sun[&fl)&>&m®j ^ji$.£E>§} 9 "Gu/tsJu® 
Gu(rm($t^ Gimfl)! s_/r«<s5<£ ^oSot/tot. G&iTUb<srrLD @@^^/« 
Q&(T6mGL-rri4- 9(5 mu^^^S)^ ®jrrm&\&Q&rr<5m(§\ §$qf}LDiSl 

^I^m2-®npmm Qu>j5/aj/r« jBl/p/Jg/ GsfTmrGi^. <su/5<g Gsirf.LDmib, 

QJ(5«Sl|rtD/T CiSJaJSD/TUDa) ^juGuiJ^j 40<S^g)/cS(g <o7W<SW 
«W/55/ <S*S)@6WT<S37 ^7<sir^i ^//fl^UU®^, G-mfTUDmLD 2_l-(3ot 



<&L *& <& +k. iic 
'J'* '** '(*■ <T> 'T* 



"(2)Lp/563>£ ^(/5 <Sli(75<Sl|rl£)/r<55 <^//?>/7<S3><g$<aDIL/£J GurT<SV& 

Ql~UU§1, <S5<SOTOTfl<SU £jlLl_/t<si) tBnGm. tsm &&Q&filu 

Qu(§<S5)tDlLILD, ^Um $BITWrr<0$rLD <5T(lp&tfS)p Qu((lj(oG)lDlLjLD 9 

€T^wrT<sdlujLDLJbfT 1 3<srfrrQ &it&®ilj ? iL (s^p^ju t§tjturr<smib) GuffSlp 

Q U (/5 <S*D UD 11/ li , &>IT<&! <£)] <SV fEJ & IT IJ LD Q&&J£j QmfT (SfT^W 

Qu(§6m£iLiLb> @<sm 6mu<o5)<3 : &)<sfil<sh Ou^sznLDii/CSiD Qu(§qdld; 
(g)Lp$<o5)&) Q&$&nQ<oO<ck<o$f! <MrTLpri>^rrQ<svmm! |§)j*i y CS<si>/r «55 (5 ld/t 
6$)&6orr&(3LDtT <Hm$\(fi)&$£ltt)§i. ^di<s£)&iLDrT<m &l$.<o$i ix>m&i& 
&rr rr((])&Q&Gb<soiT ld Qu<sm <§tot g*//5jS/ i3p&&\p§}? <3i<oU®rr <suuj&® 
&u<s€>£5(£lG<sv rB<sb<sv<o®$u Qurr<sb<oorrgm& ^i§}u<sS}$§i 
Li&GfyG.asrrr® ^«id/t iiSJ^i^Goj^m^) Qld<sm^jld /$<ss)ot(3<sij 
^jurrG^rr? Qj^(^9\p Q&iT(Q}<9F(LpLD ^rj^wpp uir®S)&<smJurr! 
(Lp&^§$<sb oSlLfil$&rrG£jLD unrouLD ojrBgi G^^ld <oim^j l^lju^. 
<sQo;<ii_(75<s3>i_iu Q&Q$)u5lir)u($)LD 6u<sm<omrLD &<5M&wwrr<sh$6m<k(& > ^ 
^frG(suQwiJifl^§! Q&n<smi—[Y<m. 

6^(75 <si/(75<s^Ss)/£)(g) (Lp<skQLL<sw&rr Qa : mQS)<mtiSl<sS\(f^^^s <su/5<95 
Q&rr<sb60& G&L-i—4568rrr<sb &m&WLDrr<m Guifl^w ^g>$£\rj(LpLD, 

<gf0&(LpLD- 9 Q®JfT)JLJL]LD ^l<oS)L^^QJ<Sa(TUJ <gjQJ<o5)m ^j<5$fl& «<5MT<SHOT 

(s3tLiq.p(^ ^i$G)iuu& &^L-.rrQtB<skr<o$)iLn £_/p/j§)<sff>i£j<5& Q&rr<smi—rrm. 
(3ud<sSt LDfrui-uSIGGoGuj. ®s)<su3i§}u urr^i&rr&mtB Qg»u L^thi&iosmm; 

^iSUm -S)ot<SW ®Sll—{£§$<S®(§<%& G6kJ<Sm($)LD 9 ^j<ok<5M U®&<o$)<5iu5}<sb 

&iu<sisfl&i& GGii'6m($iijn t ^mm un $$&$$&. u (/5«- G<su<sm®LD, 



24 GLDm&rr 

G&ujiu Gojmr&LD €imp <pipurT($i&<ss>ar& Q&uj§i eSltLL-nm. 

^mn-GJ ^ojmsrr^ &mr®ssrrr<sb , ®rr^ii)GurTQ&Gb6orr ld 

«OT«LDLD/T@5«(^ 6>S<!FOTU) <SU $ §i G® ® LD ; S€m^!T 

e£lCi-(Lp$QjefnTdj 9 " ^mmi^iULBLLrr Q&iug)PDgj! unroSIsmnr^iu 
erdia&r ®juS)p$d) $ gu^§i tipemu. [5rrti&dr /sojcsu y6*>g> 
Q&iuiij oScuana). a-sirGW/T© iSltp$$eun& GmGVGorrLD 
@OTr@@OTL„rriL/« (§Lpf5Qn&&®nfflLJ Qup§j& Q&rr<sm($ 
q0Qfdr oSiLi^d) ®jrrLpr5§j <ST<siiQjmGGvrr &rjn<5> ^($$§1 
<9jG$l&rriji£j&®r Q&iu§] (SUfjoSldj^GV? <oTf£jQ&rEjG&rr 
&L-pj5Qjir&QGiT®)<sorrLb ^juGurr§j (oiuui^Gujrf g®n<sv «fisi 

/^]a)sus^LDiiSJ(Si) urrfr&& ^j^sss &<sm&®fr Qatr(£)@§j <sznisi/<£# 
®5l€bG&6D" <5TOTU/rrfr. @igL.«/T/jOT LD<55T@<su c gj/(a/ar @£4_ci@Lb Gurr&j 

€7$^ f$wm€lf<omU.IT&)pG$IT <S>jGg f§\QS)^STGQJ <J*/OT/T}/ (Lp(Lg§}LD 

®j(f^uu§j GufTsvs &m&LDLbrr <gg><s5(g Gw®n&n ®S\m rffto&tmGoj 
spiurr r$&nmwn ^(§^^§!^ GiLm&rr ^(Lp^nsb &m&WLbrr<SH 

^{®jGS)m& &rriLi^60LD <s*{££)<3Sldit& ^(LgGurrGrr. (LpsmsmGUffi 

f5<S3)««£5<gfT<Sl) L51^TSS7QJ(g[5lb ^LJUL^GlU Q & IU QJ H <SYT . ^j GU QJ {T tt)J 

i^uuf. &Q6v&L_Grrrr $LD(LfxoZ)L-tu L/gSlIif) <ofilj5mGiiujndju 

&ffl$i£i&G6)m <5J(jiT(SfTL[)[r& ®jnf£i§>} ^su^s^l-uj ^mpuS}®) 

<£/«>/ §5 «@« &rr-iLui.aSlL-t—$fTtLiLb ^si 6u <ss> m ^g)<a/<si/<su<£ 
eSle^ajA^e/HeS)(^p§{ tompel <g]!5& cuffit6l<A ^(j^uiSl 
o5?ilL„^/7a/ii r£lG$)m{£§}&> Q&fT<5mL-.!rfr. GLBm&ir<sS}m 
^uGiUfT&g§${p&rT& ^)F<sm($\ /5/T/TLD/4.U qL_<SG>®j&®s)m sllGot 



$rT&&§j ^/^)/£JL9a5)ilL_/rn r ; ^<sumQ®DULD Q&djiu@^mS}LD®ttfi 
Lbfr'm<so 9<s&np/ GurrrmSlGvrfTrr; ^Gum ldisj-Ujit&lj u®j&§i&Q&rrmm 
Gojsm® QLD(sm^)iLD &(§g>g>j{£Qg>rr(§) , ^){j<°m($) /d/tsot G&rrGv&orr 
Gsusm® OlLDsmjr)} LD(r^fij<sfTqifi Gurr^Ssiv ^<5&r<sh)Qu<9>u.iT uomm 
dPfipmS iD<3&rr6^sii ©uj®®®^ G&iufid ^^julSI oSl lL i— rrrr ; 

^6U(6rij<5$)t—UJ L/(ol)c95/T/J^^)/r)(§^ G g G5) 61! UJ PT ®tf LJ (Lp ril & 60 f?i S) , 
U&®S)&U UlUtt)}, GlGlKSOGOLD (Lp^<oS!lU6S)6U<3S6ffl(Sb ^<oilQJfT f£} 
^pL.<S3>L_c95 6yr c^/g)/LiL/£i Ui^. ^gD61D<5§fT<§p<5 : iJlllJ2 tfl 6£l<5VT g/, 

S)OT«syuQL/^L_./r grrGmL-Gupnuj L5l<srf6S)6rfuSlL^LD ^m <srr 

rgj.GDGVuSld) @LD&tf LI^§>lrrle$)lUg <g/T£JD €$)6U15§1& ^LD{Lfi6iS)L-iU 

<gbmi^mub®S)Uj (LppnSl^jLD r£l<^ipG<M(pi$®$)iLL-„^rT&6ijU} } &>ld§} 
Li^S^if) &$§}d%i4-UJrr<m u^<siSlu9l<oSl(§^Spn<5rr sr<sinp/Lb 
$<mm$§i&Q&rf<smL--rrn; ^ljGustG^ ^LD(Lp<smL-UJ &)rjuS§$(§$§ 
u^guitosi qplL®s)L—<o8)uj& SGip Gurr lLl^gus^uu Gurr<so 
^dryipfprrif; {^)®$ &i-D§i £^$S$Gujrr&g6V)g oSiLu^sir 
&<sy<m60u5lmf$u urrfr&&(5vrT OlLDmfp} $®s)m^§j$ &ld§j 
q^§$&rT<sS\jB <95OT<5<ss)<^lj uiprfiltB grrGu) Gu^g^ld unurnLis^i 
Q&rr<5mL-,iTfr; .$j<sisfl 9 i5t£§l- LL<s^€snufTiLui.iqLo ^fKrpih <sr£i£<5S)&uj 
^l&nL-U^upj LR<mpfil& Q<95/r@j£)<5 (geviroSl u$}(nj&&<sort 
Qu)(sbQp<5m€md^m(^Gurr<s^<smfT{r; ^Gtflu Qu<om<o^6&r r$uSJ^&th 

ff LA [545 LD } lSlm<SS)<offLjGu^j, UZ(§L&&Ul36h65)m®S)iU <Sl/<o5tnr/S/(g^(oi) 

(!P$gSIuj <gjr5rr<*iJ&)ujLDiT®ST ^u$$tr€iinb&{$Q&<j§ ^Grrrr&rrLDGb gsriLD 
g>uiSg>§i <sSliLL-g>rrdj $$s)®fr&§] LDSlffi^rrfr. Qurr<sb<sv(T& 

GULfilvjfjUliurrLD®) «(D^r «<oD/e/« 6U(^^§jld QuipGfprr(§&(8) f5iD§J 

L^UiJJ- c9sQ<SD<£L_/t <5Tg>g,€S)&>UJ (gj£l/<5@ <SUl£1<S®.UJ& SyfKSmiSl^fT M 

iA(^w^uiS\mos)<sn <5j$rrQj§j gjdruw Q&rr($\t5$rr,<5b £_L_G>6sr 
^leuasipto G&rrshrru ®Sl($)&G<5V ■ «/r/fliu. Qubm^j &mL($i£ltprt-iT. 

GUJUlSj- Q&rT6VG£jS)ip§J? &LDg} L/<5J§)/ft<S5>UJ gSI @ 63) QJ UJ IT c£ S 

Q&nm{T)}$mGOu Qun<son(§w&<so<Mn? ^mfrob £g)/W5<5 <5/5@fni> 
®)6ij(Tf)<o8)L-Uj Qp<o$)m<smut5 ^gSIij, Geutpj (oTqjqi^<ss)L-uj ^p<s5><w<ffi(giJD 



28 GlDGffl&fT 

&)L-tu &n&ium& QmwQ)ffLB Qu<smm?l<sfc &<siJ€$)GOu$}<sk$ 
0«>i_Qup4i/ fiWjF^OT. ergu>rrm($u>, Gr%u>rTG&iuu>u>rn&u> 

®p S} ]ut3!jujfrmrLD <3u/r<su<ptb, ^(5ii®^L_(o mum*&£l%$&f§ 
^&ifV ±.u*nvm&m [SL-UUgjLD, G&rrfril (^iDirm^rr 
Q&nuiT€s>eoujn CT$u>/rfi*r«*0i-l(i> $®$®m£\u u<&<sSldil$§i 
$lipu§iw , ^iTL-n<sS\ ^mrmrrr Lnm<so i3$n§i ld^j^ s^uiSl® 
eugiu>, GurnsSm) ^<5m<sh)Qu&L-it Qurr<sZr<mibLJ<s» ^ffi^nn 
Guniui <?««Jo Garrmr® ®j($<su§iw> &G&srL-rrG&rriLanL- 
mmr^m w&<s®m&&6ML„aG&rTilmL„ Q$q\£<&t$nn&$u$$§i6> 
&&G&M® ®j(§<su§jLD, u&&rri£KBLD (§uq&rri£l ^lu^o^i^iu 
lj&witlL<s$)L- rB(Q?&rruutLLq.& &fT<ofrlfij&rjrrujdr iSiut-UUgjLb, 

<oU®)(5VLD SlfTnrU) {Lfim9uL\ Q&G)<5QU6S)U1UIT L^ULSj- &Qgo&l~(§®(§ 

wrrmip$$rrfrij&<s5)m ^©/uL/tsi^/ii), Q&r£i&rr QrjiLu^ Gidro^w 
Q*Qj&m uiai&rremGu @$)Q£j!>gl& Q^(T(smGi^^HihiSi oSl(Lp6iJgjLD , 
uil.L-.rrwmflujLD, &LL®s)L^n>n$i3<mG$)m <y/r<95<£/r/T LKsm^sm^ 

i3<snmm Q$mLui- $Gt)<soujrTifl&<s8)6fr ^tl-14- smGuuu§jLD f ^H<oiiff 

tspmu§i LDfr^&§$fbQ&rr(nj LSlmmGfrmuj ^(Lprsj&rruju Qug)j<su§jLD> 
$rr&d>$rrir grr$G$n'<sisftp'fTturr u(§ULi <3FrrLcurnfl<sb /§/£§? j§)<ssni 
Q^uu £-!p&®jld Q&£i<sugjiD, G&rru^ q?£L@<£ (^uuLDLorrm 

a_€yi{75<Sli/TIO ggfr<S&rS)<95(gj SMITGUGOLL ' $L-$§IGU§IW> <STJ§)/761?ll<5) 

$n&>wwnm mibQ<m(T&LD Guir&ipgjLD, lS ] rrlr&Gg rr rr &n.(j>)<su§i ld, 
«g^ifGanr/r i3ifl®j§!LD $$t(Lgm&rnij /5<ss>LQu/r)/p/ <sur5&m. 

QSl$as)Qjujrr&&uuLLL- ^[iiQ&m$.mrT®sr Gldost&h ^mmi<smL^uj 
$rnu&m<sm ®51®$S}j &]$$ i%)(g <smu{&&$ujfoi Q&ir<smL-.Gu<o&mu 
Gunw& mfTsmuuiLL^rrm. s^mrussy^ ®$i($)@gfTm; §iu51<sb<sij<s5)g 



umtpiu (gj(/5u^; <9e;<5<ot<&j<^ §>I{p(&j)ul! 27 

^orr&urrrf^^iprgj <sT€mQ€miq lEIl-ITldgv &<5$)L~ujrnu<9 : Q&ih$i 
<sSlil.L-.rT m; r&an&ujipfp .(y>&g>G5)g>(Liu)., LD&lypojipp Lbm<s$){5ii-IL£> 

Q«/TSOTT£_Qi(5)fr/Tl£/^ <9$<sij £)/5<S5)<5&D££J ^iUfTLD<SV G <SU $\ L~.Sj>$ GO 

ar>GU8>4£Gu®mTdj Gurruf. <su&mQ& §j(^wurf 'ii Qw<sSl$JB(Tm. 

"ejju5lQ<so6ST&&66sr& stilonw^Gg} Qp&yp$$§xn>§]fpJ5$rTGfr 

Q6uuSl<sS\G5)L~j5$r&£B ®$l®ff<&Q&<oW Q®jrr<5i$uS)6orr GtbdjujrrGrr 
iXiiiS]<sSln)(^iS\m LLLpG$)<somn <sm LLrrosflGrrLD Qugs)l~ 
^uSlQeouS}n)ffjjQexjLO Lj<j£l&(8jLprrt£ ^msliuiLi— $mGsmm. 

(srcSr/DULg. &tf®j<5m<§) ^jrj<smQL_n(§ LDrr^^lsb <&(^ip$(riij&(&jLD 
^pmppodmrrib <3iujrr$§} gmmrr u$„mrr<sh. ^ <su (gj m l_ iu 
GTGm&n msr £_nii_/ ld <spcj^ &rr<5$m£j& @ot/$uj^/. GmufrGiDnosfliULD 
(Lpg<$£liu mrr{B§$tLim&<sfTlm ^JmGmrrGS) ^<sm<oS)L^ 
a?(J)<s5syS(0i5)(75/5^/ G^rr<okiir)l ^ou^Gmi^iu Q&<s£iu$l<sb GLDfT§$6vrrr<5V, 
^uSlfjLD G^Gh&sh ^ <su <srr§j Gg&££$£}6V epGrj arrcsv&^csb 
Q&rtLL($\{&<ss)<souQurT<sd QjGS)^uuL-L-rrm, w^^m, LDGvrfasrT 

£_L_l£)63)£J <S£(5 §}$\&^LD &6U<o^<&<3SrTLD6y]LD 9 iSIpif Gtbn.iflGu&ii)^ 
LDQiQLDfTLfl <3foLfpiTibG£ILD, 

<oT(Lp& G(svrij(&)& <sS\m(8jg> <s£l<o$fliu®s)m Qnj6m<5mflg> 

<gj(Lg& go®st$i&P piuQ<sonrm^j Q&(U(§gii ^n^iurrm. 

GWckp (SiKsmmsrCb (spiuirunsb <g>i(L£@m<svGtu < = 2jG0Qj<svrrrij& Q&iugj 
Q&rr 'mruj^o^^ft m. &m<s$)i<o$)L~uj Q&rrjj>& ^)l_ld/tS)ii/ ^<sz&r<flreferȣr 

c9/ 65) <? <SUpQj Gl&tUGOpiT)] ■■2lu5I<S8) F ^ 6^ 611 6]^ G)J IT SLI U GuiT&&) 

lS)/d@ <^/sii(g5«(g £-<so&Gw ^.vSlrjp^ju urrtfi&g] ^(§m<ss)L-f5§] 



2g GtS)6$r&rr 

Gurrm$fTiu$ G$rrm$uj§j. QumrLD&®(&&($& ®®m<sii®$)<wu 

Gut^rrSliu Guvmarr G<ml-<svt ^lduitA ^l^ulL®^ ©L_«@zi 
upmoi&nwuGurreou qmrQupp idot^G^/t® Qenfrfc§i 

SlL-fS^fTffl* 

Guyonan $gw &<smQjm <sSiLiq-<sv 65OT«@ GfBir^ §j<smurii&®$)6rT 
Giumrmfl^oJSUfT^j <su(^^§jS)pfTm sr^r r§)6V)Gtr&&rr<SYr. ^mn<$o 
Q&rrpu &fT€V$§$<sv ^wGsumrmrLD &®jQpm ^-gu^iurruSlp^j. 
^ojGfr $m§i fBfr^m lS§j Q&rrmri- ^®s)&turr®}jLD; -syojorrgj 
L$$GvrTppn<o®u}Ujrr§£&^<&<Mn 

d5OTTi-/risyr. ^$g>®s)&uj rgl <*$) <sv ®r> ld u51 <sb ^j<5iJGnm& &ub§i 
®$lLl$.G<sdGuj toraiojrrgM ®?>®j^§i$> Q&fT<m<siJ (Sl^dru^u upr$u 
ummniL&Gir Giutr&onm Q&dj@rr@T; ^oj^nm^ &>6m®nrTGQ 
^jiumpoj^fj G^pn^l i ^qj (§(])&(§$ ili G$®n®j&<5mm& Q&tu§j 
K 31®jsmm& &<sfiiuL5J&& (Lpmmprrm. -£i®j<sn ^<sup<s$)p& &)r$§jLD 
siojosfl^^frmm^j. ^jijGii&Gfilp urr iLu^iSlsm -s^mr<s^L-.ujld) 
u ($^^ (§<&{&) ld GiLm&rr gmgtj giu5)®Sl<sb &<omfoj <s$)mu up$\u 

l3&p$\\UQ5)& > \L\W, §$@\&§>)lL QL-(Lg(5§l <S{€ti6$)m r£)<S5)<SST$§j 

^(Lp^os)^iLjfSJ ssmi— &^&ihLLrr(®ri)&(&j ^l/Gu/tG^ s^smonub 
f$3&ujLDfTmfftf. &<m&wwrr<onlm§j iLm§jiD ^l^Gost Lonf^Juj^j. 

<5llIJiT®&fTL£luS}m [£§] cgi/foliOT <3i§l ®J6V)[TUjl(5V Q & {T ®hr U}. (H) f$ g 
GojgLJUL] QS](oUdS, ^<cXJm LDfT^^fJLD f5p(g)<otSVr(Lp®ft U. UJ GU 6ST U UJ 

-gyQj(§rF,®nu.uj sj&&&^<o®$p(3jg> Qg>rTQST$l®sTr[m. ctl/u/t® 
uiLL^rfuS^jLD <gi{6ii®n<5rra &<smGij(S5fli_LD Q&rr<5m($iGuiTUj 

g9 LU /5/ <$ fTffl L LD £-®S$r<5F>LDQniLIg Q^/fl(5lS?^^/T <STT . ~£j QJ (7J 6?ft 1__ UJ 



U(5^)LpUJ,(^(l^iS^! c95<9S<o3)QJ<5 §$ A) ('6U ) 1$-! 29 

girm^G^rr® <syG&i uitlLl^itilj urru^^ioj^GsiL-UJ Q&<sS\&6&6n& 
&jj<om<srr&& ^yuLDul^^rr <srr. ^Gum ^ldgidld gigugugugi^ 
Q&ir®&)6$rrrgi]LD, @ld ld(§ld&u LSmonmuSlL-th Qupp wftlujjTmg> 

^l<SU(Tf)&&<5Q<SQG6Un' G^lfllL/LD! <£JQJlf <S>j<S$)& <SH Gll GU GITGlJ K & &L-65)L— 

Q&djiun LDtsb ^)qjjp^rr rr. ^Qj(Gr^<oS)L_iu ^u^^lrjGu&j&m 
<5pGm^ji(^u u^rruju Qu(nf)§i)<z$r. <sH6iim ffiLisl, (Gjgvld, ^ldu, 
Ggrr LDfjiD.Oj^^fsSluj ^iu&>tij&G$)Grr &flrjg§?i<sSl(rij[$Gg GTrfyfBgj 

(Lp£b<s£l<5V lU^^LD Q <J UJ <g fT GYT . iSl p (g (S1//7 £i_/ 61/ IT <SYV 8$ U LD , <gj & S) <ol$fl 
LUfTGYV^IfJLD, GUCJ^GWffTGh^lfJLD (Lpj56$)lUG)jpGG)p& Q&fTGm(j)\ Gurrfr 

Q&uj^nr<srr; <£ gs) l_ S\ lu nr & ^j(f^S}GV (o) /5 (/5 /s/ S) (Lpmuj-iu^^LD 
qifluj^Q^fTL-nLSi(ssrrT(B^r. ^guit gigstgst G&ujGLirriT? G&GwrG&Gvr 

uS\<oSl (!$$§} <S1V/5j§5 @)<°V LDG^fl^rfll—LD, LD£$LU<SrVgLD Q&lLllLjLDUlJL 

^Gijir^G&fjLDGmGgsfr® Q£sit1g£I&&, <sy gu rt&Gir c?V^/D@ £g)<ss&r/s/S)<£ 

Q&mp®STIT. L5)/D(5 Q&<SVTG$)Gmul <sS\q¥f^§l ^)/7<5wQl_/T(75 &lSLg>(£j&GfT 

61/ /5 65(037; <s>]£bmrr(ob uiu<^i<smL-.rt&rT$>®s)&& <95<5wl_ &G$T&LDLDfrGyr 

£§)/5<5 *m§)3»n{J&> QglTL-_&&g§>lGV &^r5\lU(oS}&>LD c9>©(<57j G)cJ/T/7)d5(^n(o)T 

s_u(SiLirrl£l$£5rr<ffT. "<s£® pirmu? ^/j<sw(/J) fBfTmrr? (^Lp^GS)^ gu^^j 

<S£(5 GU(^G1^LDU^g£IL-.L-.§J. ^jG^GVGVfTLD G1GST <3>6m Q&IU&> UfTGULD! 
^g)<Stf)c95 GlUGVGVrTLD U U IJ&i^LDU UL ^$&>U U fT (Lp G^IUGULD 
Q<SFUJ^Jg£IlLL-G^S! ftl/T(5«@ (UA7/T (oTCT7(5?J7 6)5? (5 <£££)/£,§/? 

LSlmoDGfriuiTLD i5)GiTGV)GrT! s^i 6®$ 'u lSI GrrGV) m QgGk<^LDulGfT&r>Grrf 

GTGhpgj ZLP&&T GfilL-TT LDGgJLD, (Lp fj) gjj U UGirGItl G5) GU 3> & fT LD Gg} LD 
&6m&LDLDITGrT U&&LD u£>&>LDfTUJLJ Gu&)& Q <95 iT (SwG L_ ^j(f^^0UG1T. 

Gijuja&gSdtpt&t LDrrprra<9 : £)/$Ji/ G&rruLD QarrGmL„ u^^irj 
&}&nmGis$tl i u r$rTGm GiGkGm G&iuGgugzt? ^[B&u Gmu^^liu^^lGk 
^noDGVu i3ul^§j& Q&nGttGrT& Q&rrGVGgi&)pfrGiLirr? fe>(tgq]ld ugv 

LDGtiflgiT QpGVLDmU& Gl&fTGVGSl ^G$)IUlS\GgMG1ST. c£//5;5 ulfJLf <gjGS)g> 

arr$£)6b GurTi£]&)G$rrTQ<5U6foGprr? gtgjt<q$)16$)L-Uj G&gu&gw ^gug^gw 
^/<s^rOTflcu(5«(5 Gi^lrrlGb u1ul$&h& Q&rTGmL-rrGvrrrLD. ^^GmrrGb 
GLDrr&LD Gis^gjGSliLL^^nLD" GJGkrprrfr. 

<5®r&tb:- ^gug&t ^.GkGS)Gm <giu\-&& GurB^Gungj G&Gu&G$r 

<g]Gl]G$)G$TU L£lLq.S}&)]& Q « U <SY7W<Sl5) '(SV GS) <SV LU ff G LD , /f Qu®$$TG6)Gm 



3Q GiDGtzr&irT ' 

«raib:- ctotot ^©/M^S^ dP/<si/<^ ffU)(«p«DL-tti 

( S Lp ! pm#>iiS}<m l/®^<s*7. ^/sii<^w<# S*cii«s*r -iS^^g/s 
G&n-m^ojG&drprr®), &§i ^ojLLiresriLrT^^rrGssr g)©«@zi). 
^6S)$uujpg5l>!5U>(Lpani--iu Gu^m^rrGoj gu($$$u u^SltprrG&r. 
^)/a/@/*<g arti U14. ^jprTgi! 'Gua &rgi Gu/r«5L®ii); ^Gum^rrebr 
dJmr iSi^wit&ld Gl&th&lprrm; fBrf(Lf>LD ^uutq.Giu Q&dj$rr®) 
iufT(5«(g /56^£_ib? €xjrr<s®LpujiTLq.<*$m®tfLb y <oim($mLp&(& ) & G&$ld 9 
(ipmmm^mn^^ fc//rany><95@# G&$ld. ^&<zsrrr<sb $w<k(&>g>&rr m 

^755/rsii^/ ^GULDnmLD ®jrf>§}<oS\L.L-rr<sb* L$Jp(§ $Ui&(g)&>&nGQsi 

a^mbu:- <3I&it)&it& <or<smm Gigihmu Q &n <sb <5pi Slfprf ih 9 
€T6wmrr<sb $$>m(r)}LD ^^ns^}. 

mmmwz- rsmpir uSl(§&Qro&tf ! [bitld <oiL/LJLf iu /t <si/6$/ f5iurB§j 
^fim Gun<3sG(5UGmQiLD. rsrrw Qumr<ssxsssri Q&rr($)^6WT&6fr; 
^l<su®£)i®s)L-Uj <S3)« Gi&GOj&rrm; $ll§} ®n& G$(njULq. ^ipa&rBJ5rr<svr. 

Qeii6m(jjiLD. ^/L_(g ®$)®j§g> r565)&a®sxsmqLD lEiLQ)^ Qsn(^iS;^ 
GoiSMr(5)Lb; ^(/5 rB<s$)&8bi.i^ ^sogok ldsi) Qu<sm LDrjLoGufTGO 
^(n)&&(prrGffl; &<5WttQ&dj£lpgi? 

&)i<mu$^nm &LbUG£l&(& ) Lb. £g)£sfl &&LDirtLi <su nr Lp u G u rr £) p 
Rebana), (Lp$f5§j Guiroff urr<sb rBGVGV ufnsorr^GLLfT? ^(/5 
f$rr(§H)L£}<sb6$)Gv+ 



u<s$)Lpiu (g}(n>.i4.! «<^<arxsii<^ $ p (sujudi 31 

*OT®ti>s- (^j>&$rj&G@rr®) &[fl$rr6m; ojrr LpubirtLL-rrm 
ojrrLpLDffLLL-fT Gmdrgtj iDfii&mLD u/7££<®Qd5^<swG>L_. ^§)©; 

Gu^ld &&Lorr u5l(rijr£ja<sh. '^l§i Qp$>$ {5rr jjf&G>\6isr (gip/5<s3><5/ <=?>/£>/ 
<oTuuL%.mrT6ii&)i <shl$\$&>i r&irrfyu Gunr&LL($)LB. ^®sr<£(gju u<sm& 
Q<sF<so<si] Q&dj<siiQ^mprr6b <^<sirQjLD G&<o$)6uu$l<sb6S)<sv. /£ 

(STOT g)/ cg) i— go uz^&p&rrmsflGnuj ^j<oirmp<!k(§ <s&pprr&\sg}LD 
®o m n u5) p ld q$urr &}®dl„&(&jld. <3im$ oSlpguu Qu<om6?n<5m 
<*>/@)/£jl$<si5)($). ^)<su<sy/r<s)S?LlL_/r<5i), ^gugu ^)L£>LDrr$g)ffl 
&®$iL—UUi— fBrr<sir ^jgsFI ^(/5 <9k$6m(LpLD uirrr^^j&i Q&\r<smui.(nj&& 
ld/ti_1(pl_ot; Gu&rrLbGV GTrajG&ujrTGii&tf ^<ss)G0u51d) §>j<mfl<$mu'Lj 
Qunil-®<iQ<xfT(sm(^ GLinrdjG)$l($&)GpGvr. gtgst^^ i3m<s$)<smLi 
lBgogshso, (&jLLui-iLiL£}<sb<oV)6v GiuGir^j Q&nr<sb®l))<s£lLL(£\Lj Guruh 
QS)®&}Gp<sir - (oTmprror. <gi(Lg>ma GudgSIlL® ^gu^g&u-Uj 

j$/i4.<g<5<sOT. &<5ma6)?rl<sb &<sm<o5$rf ojifl^^j. ^gugtt lUfTGispGtnpiLjLD 
§jpr$&tf <si?lL<ss)l_ <si5?(5)<£j5/ ^uGurrG^ QurfGii$p(& ) $ ^ajnrfrn 
u51(§uugugiitit<%^ G&rr<5for$G$Trrm. gih <3i<m<z5)m <gj&>p(&) (ipm 
^(syojGrrsij 6ij(n)nj§>lujGin&>u unfr&){B$liijr[g> &rr ldu S) Gin gu tudi '&nrrr 
(^(f^Gurfgjj LKsmflmoj ^GS)L-.^rrrr. 

<aFmbu:- ^ldldu! <g\$&> <oT(§<smu) LD/7tl£ijL<s3r?£_£i) ^atot ^g)<arf? 
Gurr& LD/TL_(3i_(s5r. r§$rrm Gurr& GGutsm^m. ^<si/ot GcSlLS)/?) 
u<sm{565)&>{£ Q^rr®$)60&,&)} ®S)($}&)Gpm. ffiGiu Q<ssnQ)^^j <si5)(J) - 
ermpnrr. 

&msBwi- Gi(sb<oOfT<sup^p(^LD c£//5<95 <£l®&& gSlL($\ &nrL£>rr 
Q&rr<sbGpi&) /d/t gar urriT&&60iTLD. ^.2CWld G&HT^uu^mi^LB, ^/l_@ 

GuGmGtnmr^mGuir® r5L-{5g> Gojsm® Q m&STjry ld <oT(Lg§j. 

dFrribu:- &ifl; [BfTGm &Lnurr$&&lp§] ^gi/gp/<£(gc& 
Qsrr ®<i&&)$rT<ttr &iflujrT u Guit^ld. Qu<sm®s)<sm^iq-$g>rrfY) ugwtld 



22 GtDm&rr 

eu&& si5?@ii Gidrpj ^ottlsi/ot, ucmp G$meu ^^tl_/t^ 

Quswm€m &i±uu®& &™fr*<®*<& ^ujp®»auS)G6uGiu 

^^Guji7&wiT&&Q&iuGiJrTdr. efil^uuL^Guj ^&iL®ld. «^gti 



zO. &- &. -& 



(SM {jrr&&rr [£)&(&, guuj§j ^j(^u^[rmru.rruSlps)j. ^Gudr 
Qd$<s$r(LpLD GuppGum. s^ gu sir <5OT S)fjff\<sb <gi 68) p uj <sm n 

^^j^^juQurrmGp <5>rrmruuiLi--Qg>uj6$Tr$l £6$)&u l5Iuj.uu 

Q^muG& «/T(5W7"L/LiL_SiS)<Sl)S5)'(oD. <J>/<ol/65T £j5)«d5 &*. 17 61T> LD LU U ®ff 

q^§?i®s)iuu Oup^l^^^jLo, tgj&tf <5jtL($&&rF&&nGiuiu<5fcrf)\ i 

■^I/Sl/@/«(g £_SD<95<g£§)<off7 S$g)}U6llW @)f$&j]LD &)<$$) L-lUfT§j . ^GUOSI 

<9jLpi&<smgu u(^Gu0^lG(5vGuj §<sm§i g[5<s?s)g<o5)Uj ^iprB§}> 
®Sl&z®5)®jmnm gB6#r &>n u5)mnG<svGuj Qjmrr<k<muuLLQ) GuisgrrGfrr. 



£D07^)/f)@d5/5^ LDmm^dr 33 

^/<s^>l_/5^/ e3iLu^a)(Q Gvrs&jj G&frrB^mif. <s^0 od&ld 
Qu<omL-.nriLLq-iurT<5V GU6mT<&&uLJL-L-rT<5V LDCsfl^-m &(Lp<ss)gujrr& 

ld it $ oSI (J) <si/ n Q<mskr p nr <su, Qp<mir)j q<sm<sis$iu<sv$&(@$iD 

gLD(LpQS)L-lU <Sl5?(3<SL/<£<5<Stf>cg<J Q &6gl{&§$. ^OTTIT <$£) UJ <5Urjn& 

&rruS}Gmuu upr$ ^^)<3sld &^p (3<^<sw@<si^<sOT(3i_fr? ^si/gp/^ig 

<SH S1V /T<95 <SY7" (57/5^ Q$ <S1£ (ii <gj |£) <g2/ £JD * £L/ L/ <£ j§) G «J ^GVGVITUDp 

Q<sFiu&jj®$lLLL-6$rfr. ^ojgst fBi—j^esnrp <£/t<si> G&iui5&jj Gurr^LD; 
cgysusBT $<om<5$$rr}<sv /5<sB)<sBr/565/r<si> £_l/l/ QpLL®s)L-.iuiT&}m ^Gvm 

G&&LD c95<Sff>/7/5,§/ G>UIT(g)LD; ^GUOST <oS lL®S) L-®Sl lL® Q <SU 6$ uSl /f) 

<sy<oU(oiT <oTrBg>£> &rTrt!iULD Q&iu^[T(S£jld <£ig,6mrr<sb <gjGUG8)i&(&jLJ 
Qu(nj£&&mu(]£<smt^rT(§LD 6TOT^^<su«^<swQoj®Ll^.(5i//5a5<sw/T. 

<s^(5 ^yr/flsu Qu(njg$ $<^&m <Q($6iJ6Zr ^j(3^rrdr. ^Gum 
&rii&£bg§$<5b iDanr /#L/<sm<oSr. G^msj- prr&LD 6T<sZrp'n<sb &nr&(&j gtgst®st 
<sfilGS)<sv (5T<skrurr(oM. ugvgvgSI (sjdrptrd) l/zjjl foTg&Gtnm €5)u&n 
toTmunsm. <3{6)J6m oSlLl^-gv ^(/5 &<sS}[un<omLD GrsiTri>g>§]. ^@p&rT& 
<S>jdrr$[J®Li ^nfrouGOih supr $6$)m&§}> ^\^p(§ GuDGna&rrrjGnm 
Gjpun® Q&uj§] ^»/(5iy@/«@ flj/7"/p/ Z£>uituj (Lpdr l/<swtld 

GGtiQprT(rf) £MFITQJ<SVg§$(5b GlDGtTLD <^rT&£§j&Q&rr <SmQ) Gli^fim. 
<3j6S)t£<k «OTL /5L£^/ <95<Stff?c95gf)/<$@ <$jL-&<3>(LpLq-lUiTgB G^fTULD 
L$P[53)g)J- QLD6n&&[T \JGS)GST 6ll[J<SU<55)-Lp$§J "fl5/7"(Sfl// <oT<S37tf)/ ££> , 
U c55(LpOd5/ (oKSmgULD <SB) (Sl/^/ Sl5? /_L (J) %5 (oSl(Lp^^fT <SOT. <g 6tf76fff? L_ (i) 

Qupp (Lpsfc u(sm^6$)g ZbGlp gs)Gu^§j ^juurrp G u rT (&, m u u}. 
2_<£<£/7<s^ Q&uj&,rrm. Ginm^^u \jqsi £L„<om®s)LD®s)\u ^\$\\u 
LDfT l_l_/t jld si? rB®$®&^&> $(njL-.(5V)<ffluGurT6b gS\i£\j£§i$ {srTGsr 

(57<Sl/<ol5)d5U L^G&iLplLjLD Q&lUlLl<S)5}(5b<S$)<5V 67637/7) fT <S37. «^OT)^* (3<95lLl_ 

gosflam, "^Gi_ QLL<sn&&rrrr Gurr&&ifr\u uujGgv! iurT<sv>rr 
(SjLDirppu uurr^Slpniho ^juGuirg] «17/565 ssarrGuso^^ld) rf> 

GlDGITLD (Mrr&&&<5)51($b6S)<SVUJIT? (Lp(LgU ^^(S^^^nOTiUJ^G^fTp^lGb 

Ln®s)p&&Giirr urTrr&Sdprruj?" (Sicsmpnm. 
(oL0.air.I'-4 



LD^^pmu? $)uGurr§i ^ipnS^mm urnL®^mm 
Qmm<sofTiD sm^gSIC® g)jj«fld> ©a/0/ /s/ (g^rrSiu/r® o/^ 
§)(§£$<& ^(BJ^mm <$rtD!Tipp<Mrr urrir&$mu? prrmrT 
^LLfr^Slp^um? umr$G®$& SGifi ^QJ(UL.fT (LpC^rru utuGcoh. 
(orskpirdr. GwGfTSSfTijm Qunm£\ Qu(t£p$ $<wgj Sltiuanu 

g}xrTiL<sssfl.u5li-$§}& Gldotld eurr&laafTLD<& ^Q$uuG$ Gld&ksvld 

Qmn®^§i^S\C®u-Gun<mnmnw. 

<gies)puGufT<sQ (SUfjfT^&fTLB) ^§$&L£>rriijLJ Gu@l®SlilL-rr<5b, 
^iOd^mt^uj Q^(jmrmL-.uS\o^mm Gl&rrtp&m Q&<sv®jLfti3g] 
Gurr®J&6virT®) Q$rrmr<&)L- &rrd>lujrnhGurrdj oS)(p(3ijDfrQ<si/OT 
^l^ffiiu€um[fu Guad) ®S)$<oV)Qj&<5Yr <s>{®ja)<m £)uxsYr6sr(§(5 
&rnBiurr&£} m®j&$(rf)$g>®sTfr. ^$®sm<sb ^<a/@)/c£(g i3p(§L^m 

GlJ&LD ^lipmLDli^LD, <SU!T<i(§<oUrf^LD LjlfiiyLD ®U<5h6®lJDiqLD 

^a/gg)/<g(gg? Gg6$)GUiUfTm €pdjQojfT(f^ (oB^iu^^s^^njiD 

@j#^5 SOJODGOlLjLD /$<SS) 63761/ ii £g) SU (SD /T LD ff) GuiTuSlOST. ^OJOtt 

&€8)L-&(gju'G>urTdj ^(5 QfB(§uqu GulLl^iljld oanmSiuj^liunm. 
GjuGurr^rruSlsvijLD ®Sl60&&&&^L-rr ®j<5$)&u5l6b ^Giisir <3S<off)£_<£g5L/ 
Gurr& GrBrfrBgiTGb, i_/eyB Guprr&GisflGnL-. gtgJtw <s£l<o$)<oO Gium^jLD, 
g)^<^n&tf®S<m&6T<sbrm<sSI<s$)<5V QiumQjiB G&LLurrm. £^)ldldit$£)[?I 

^m(Lp(Lg [£)<o$)<5$rmQjiLifjb Gn'Guggj <su$&>nm. <s*i^<mrf<sb ^tsumi<i($u 

Q/J(J5^^5 ^m<o^)LDiqL£) UGV $6tnLD&{§fljLD £-$mL-.!Tu5)GlSr. c^/Gl/OT 

<oir&g>u q<sk)^s^<ois)^Gaj^jLD s^o^/jua uis^uunosirc oSIot, 
Sljrm&Gurr (Gramaphone) ancsrij Gurrcou Lj<sro& <g<g S) gp/ grr^yr 



ii>m$£lrb(&}<%i5&j> LDGWLD^m 35 

(Lp4&<sSl<sS\(ri)$§i Qpiq-Qtj GumyuS\<sb lbostu um—L&rTibu u<&&f&j<9S<si?lm 

^jGo&aLb, u@$5)&<sh 9 Qjrr&&)iurii&m > (LppnpijLJ L/<syr<afld5<rir, <ss)llu 
qm6$&<m(y}@<o£)uj<Mp<wpiqii) wp6uiTLD<sb <sp£jLi<ofi\uunm. <g>i<sii<m 
<^<oiiQqlI!TQ^ urflL-Gtn&uSlGgiLD Q&<obr<oinm ^!jFT®g&rr<osfl&G& Qfi&p 

GTGVGorru uifLL<o!S)<9 : &<s?il6g]LD ^iGiKsurrGp (Lp^mmub uj<S3)l_J5<9S/tot. 
QeueS)u(SS)L.ujrT(SJST ^/5^5^ @)pu<smj& &(sm® ldS\^^G^ [bld 
&mLDu£)6in6uujr&j&(T /t ^Qjgp/c95(g GuDm&rrm<su uxsmiD 

LiifloSl^nrr. 

^<ssrtT<sb ll rr u i3 '<sij<ss)(srr (w<mrui$mmm)uS\m ^<smmi&$ 
S^iponiA <syoj6S)m atfiLuj-ti) u rnfjB&<su (§&($& [5<sk(&j oSlmfEJ^LD. 
"<^/G>l_ aifTnr^^fTdSl! ^)@L/L/^^/<swf? <^>/&5)ip/5j$/ Guntij 
q5}lLl_<5l_-/7/" (oTs&rnpj Qu(§$Q&<s£lujLDLL>rrm Q&(T<mmrr<so<ffl$, 

Q&®$rp§l Q$iflturrgi. "^rruiSliL® rfffjLou /5/7y$)o>« lurruSlpg}], 
2_ot<5@l/ uff)&(§Lb, <oT(Lp[5§]Gurrr GT&rurrm ^mm<m. ^®jg$)i&(§ 

£_L_(S<S3r L/£) GU$§I6S\($IL£i! <ol(Lg$§} £-<5m®J([!j[5$LJ G U fT 6lJ fT (SM . 

^t&p&m G)u(75/5G^<5iS?i£jii)LD^(Syr s " ^Gi—f u&<sSI<sb /g ^EbI&ldituj 
&iruiSliLL-$<sinrr<£.^u(3'urT3j] <&iL_u q<sfil^ <c»juuld eujp{&Q{&; 
^(^louoljld ^JuGuirgi &rruL!j)LLL-.rT<5b ^®8fj<5mLB ^@<s5ld/til/ 
<si5)@£i Gu&rTLDip u(5)^j5/«G)c®/r(of7-/" ermurTorr. a_L-_(3<SOT^/(Si/@/«(g 
..uGftuL-iiiGSluGurTLD. ^i^n<sm(LpLD ^(^uu^mu^ Gpireirrgj'Lb, 
£L.L~Gm u(J)«<5?)««(gL/ Gurau ®S\(§\<si}rr®$T. 

[BiTL- G&6V60& Q&<sb<si) ^iojm uLq.uu^lG<soGiu &<skr 

LJ8i§i)6mU& Q& 6pl &§l& G&Gpl&j&IU ULp&&LD <3\ G6) L_ /5 <5 /T ®ff 

^sm&iurrGb, ^6u®s)i<o$)L-uj /£)<s?r> sarsi/ ^ghgS(s^^ ^l-jb&^GgoGiu 
G£l(njJ£f£$£i<so'<oS)<so. e$j<oiJ<o5)i<om—UJ G&& &LDU$&)ij)rr®st &rnf}iuiii&6fT 
lurrGLjLD ^iur£@$rj£B§tim ^vj&&&<s5)g>u Gunr<svu i3p(nj6S)L~iu 
(tpiuip§}u5l-GsrrT<£ fS'triLrruj rflzinpGojffil ojtBgiGvr. <s*jmm 
Q?il<5ZDL_<siS?Ll(5) Q<5u<o/flu5l<sb Q&<swprT<sb, ^i<su<sir LDon^j ejrnruDijnfleDiu 



Q&rrmr®LD vjira>(TuSl@]is> etQ£$§li>&<ss>™ er(g$4>Q&(rmr(§i& 
^0g & w.^^&^mQm!psQfrfT(ob ^^s=^ GuemmrLD g)(75«<gu>. 

er®$$i..GU!5$rrm. Gumri^. Qiurfil®Q<surrff LD6^fl<5n)iu tuis^^A 
(mtpmuFMb zm§$ (oTQj<sumQQjfr 8^&&<sS\®®LirTi7&(5h. ^jojm (Lp(Lg& 
Gl&eSiL-etoGsruGuTTGO Gunih&Q&n<omi^(§uurTdr. s^^jn^m 
ojmr^mm '"^t^^sSLiL® ^ojmm ®jrru5i<sb <sup$6fil$Cb 
^il(p&jrTfra&T. ^mranL-iSip G&svo^ld ub£$fl&rr ^/<si/@/<s^l_uj 
*L.L-wmuu i3^§j $I(J£&§I <sfi)®Qjrrrr&<srr. ^<siiGh 9(5/5/7^7 

^fJGLj 7 ll2 LDmflS($^ «L_/b«^/Jlz5)(olS)(75/5^/ ^(J^iBlSl oSili^p^ 

oj^^frosf. $dr <s8iLu\-dr ai rr uS) c® <sv airs^Guskr <SH&ir)(§<sh 
njiantpujfTUHzfo, LDp^iuns Gld§^jld Qr5Q)iBgfi!JLD 0^5(5 Oa//r® 
Guruh <s>\®j(g) &®n ®8l-65)1— Gurnsvg Ggirdrifiluj G6uQprr(nj 

e3L-Uf.p(§&fT §]6V}LptS£5lT(Sk. &IT<o8)<SVUJ6VLDl5}& £)<55/T(SOT(5) 2-6rrGm 
§]<S$)Lp®J§J ^/<Sl/@/<Sff)L_£/J 6lJLp&$LD ^ 68) <9S IU /7 60 , <57@$<Sl) 

Gtoeit&&LJutLui-(n)ri>g Q&ld®S)U& <$$)&u5)<$b <57Q)^^rrm. 
&^L„^§)i<sS\(nj$&> <£j6li<q)SlL®lj Qumri£.fr <sH6ii65)m& &<srr<oijQ6M(m 

LD@<^/<£ 'W c9k @(5L_<S3T ^)(5L_OT/ ' <57OT<35 <9ei.<a5) ^fJOU /7 [JLD 

G&dj&mfr. <s>jmr<oS)L„ g3l-.L-U(^ld Q^(^oSljp G&mGpna^LD 
^i4.&G®rm(g) ^mGm $®s)t£$§}Qa : &mu$^(§Lq.aj <3S(^(S)jqs)qstu 
l3ui-&§j& Q&iT<5mu.65Tfr. 6urjrr&&rrL£i ^uGurrG^ &nrm Q&ujg 

^LDumjjd) ^summu Gu[T<5$<siv <swGl-®%6^&(&>& Q&rr<mr($) 
GufruSlGsrfr. goiurii&tTiT, ^.© ^(/5/4.07 &mm®s)muGurr<so§b 
^(/jlL® <si5)l£) oSIjflpgi Q&djujQ<oti<sm(jj\<sii ^r&iunuD(ob ^oSl^gj 
rglmprrrj. <&tii£l(nj[5$ #u £g) <?57<syu G) u i l_(7 @@rr rjrr LLrsrnLj® 
^Qj®£]u.<m uiq.$&Gu [TfT£<oO[T<sb <g>jGi]6$)m$, 8><omu.6iju.(oM, cc ^Ql_ 
®jtjn&&fTL$! <srrmmi-.iT ^l§]? <5rriii'&u.rT ojrBgrrdj?" <5T<sbrrp.rr fr. 



LD6sr$£lii)(9j&n>8) Lb65TLD^(sk, 37 

<&iurij&rTiT ^<om<o®LBmLu<9 : Q&nm<z$miT. • disuit <sS\(ig^§i ®Sl(Lg[5§J 
ffi'iflggl ®D6snii&6S)6fT ^i^lLul iu<o$)iul3 q5)lL®^ $<sbr rF><5mu<m§} 
LDrr6$r@®n^& $rrLJurrpr$ <gj 6U65) m q? L-i4.tr) @ ^65)iLJiSl65rrri7. 

^&rQ<5$irT(n)$r[®rr &&G&fil&(§LJ qpuuQ\LD <sy6u&(j{£$£l6b, 

<9FLL65)L^65)iUU G U K I— LDp^^J £ 65) 60 U U U 65) & 65) (L/ LDI7$$(JLD 

^Gszflp&ji Q&rr6m(£) <si?lL<o?d£_ oflil® QfB®^§JlU^ 
Gurr dj6filLLL-.tr /t. Q.$(!jiGfil6SI(nj[5G$rT fr cl/ /r <su (/5 ii <=£//?><£ 

<S>j61J$rrfJg65)g& c95(5W@ 6fiaJLJLfiprr}]& <Sff)<s(o)<S5/7L_l£. rF>66)&&>{565rfl. 
G&rTLD6rfLD 6$L§-6l}fF>§l 2_ L_ £JD i5) (SU & L- 65) L- ItSl 61)65)60 QlU65TU6^)^ 

f§l65)65TULj f L-Lq.65rrr6rr. 

<S*j6ll65r 2l. 6557611 (!])$<!£ ^)65)60u5)60 2„lL& 17 IT [B&jJ , &(7{£Lb 

uiflLDnpuu® (Lp65T urrlG^&mLD ($fr &p§jg56o) Q&djg6v udit^ld 

(LpUU^J i£/7L_<55<S)fig>/£JD $65) /__£) UnptJLD. 

Gl£65T&[T 6$L-UL.p(&j 6U!5£> &6V UDfT^fil^ 6^1(50 ^6U 65) j 65) L_ UU 

grrrij ^p$&rrm. ^eu <§$&(§ u u$$i6orr& ^®{5& <s$lL® 

&IT LD 17 65) 611 UJ if ^Lp65Tpi7 LD 6fil^65)6U ufil65T U lLl^^^I p(g 6U [B&jJ 

G&rrrB^rrfr. 6urjrr&<9 : m£i &>6$i Qiu6rr6U65r LD65)65T6fil u5}L-&>§>l6b <s*J$& 

6fi(f^LJULD 65)6U$§}6fi\LL.L-.rr6b $LD(LD65) L_IO <3ji£)anrjLD (& ) 65)p$§} 
Gu[7(^QLD65T $65)65TjBg, Qu(§$Gf£6fil (£/) $ 661 G IU 17 /T <S*J 6U 65T 
^(oU^lS^J G)6lirr)JU65)UlLIL£> U65)&65)LDlLjL£> Q<95/7 m^LDUUL. Q&lLI&jJ 
6lir5$65Tfr. ^6\J65T ^tUp65)&u5l(ob ^)[7&&LD, <£ &j /t «syui) , ^65TU, 
fi6bQ60l7(lg&&LD (Lp6566llU (&j655Tr£]&65)6rra Q&r76mL-6lJ65T. l3p(JT)&(3) 
JJ5/5/@ f^65)65TUU6U65T65T^tJ. L$ p 17 & 17 g6) 60 (LpGtf 65)4£{£$n 60 ^j65)^<i 
65/7<o557cJ <gF§3lUI7^6lS65T.6765TprT6£JLD i <SH 6U 65T &G& 17 65 rf? LD /T /f? 65T 
Q&l7p&(6fj)a(8) cg»/@«LD^)L/L/ 65)6U^^I(§^65) LDUJ 17 60 , GLD65T&n 

6)5)6fyuj$(£l<sb L£>rT8>G§lpLD lS1&& Q&rruLiuQj65rrriu rsL-jpgj 6u$g>rr65r. 
^j6±ii7&6rr <s>Iisl&&ul ^6U6rruSstf G&i76hQ&nr60661 ^6V6^&(§$^uld 

Gurr u.®<i Q^i76mGL-uSl(f^uurrrr<9i6rr. ^6XJ6k ^65)60, &rr<sb 
urrrjrrLDGO ^6U65)m ^iq.{5§}} 6fil®)6urr65r.^jpr6m® ^tp^srgjj (Lp65>p 

65)&t£6gJLD L$p6filu.[ija6fil6g]LD <Q ® G U 17 ll ® ®Sl L- L.. f7 65T . 



€Tdj®%&& OPJD/5/ &&$$)■<&& ™$uS®*$ 90$® «>J/5<S5/rdr 
^uSI^jld, GfGiifjrr&iLD dsmiSleSleZ) ®»<su&§] Q&tu®jQwm 

gj5g/ fiiBe^Gw^jw pasflanwuSIfp Gu& <s£lL-.iorr ilL.fr rr&dr. s\&$ 
i£m<m<s$Guj $m®(§&> G$<sv>GiJuS)<sb®s)®) Giumgu ^^(skr^ojmm 

u®n&®5)LDa)UJ g„<5mu.rr&£>) <$8>®J${5®srn~ 

Qu($$G$efil ujLDLDnffl <gj§j€ti<s$)fjuS\ii) G&rr&g uzm^ang 
Qiu<sb<ovrTLD 300 - u^msmrrs wrriprSl <s*i®?>& 9® Slgfiliu 
qfitL&>L-.tunr&& «lLljl, ^ld ^pCmi^onuj^ &m ^J<z$)L-.uS}<sb 

Qurrg>asrLo 9 $$§$®s>rr (ip$<sSliu lurrajLO ^mi^Quj){r)Qn. ^j5<5 

®jfJS^)lU^(oS)§ 6T®JQF)L0 ^ffytUGlSlGb&nGO. &IT LO/7<SS>QJliJ(75<Sff>L_(U 

sefilm fsrrS) ^jmss <oTuuiq.GujrT GLDnuuLD l$uj-3>§i®SIlLl-3jiJ. 
Q&fT<smQ\ rSH^^3^(§) 2L.$oSIqifliu G<sii6m®LD GrronuGtB 

su/gaj/r/r. 

Quqif)$G§<$Sl Q&!7<&^G$ &jflQiJLj<murrfr. GUfjrr^&fTiRGiUfj® 



^Q565(55)«tfS)<si3 ^j(sum Q &rr<sb <su G@ &[flQiu<skuiTit. ^(§<su(j^w 

qjB§$&rr<sSl; <gi®d®sr <su&&<ob; LDfpip €T$&& G><5/t/7lL®<£ l£frLDnrG8T$§>l&r 
($LL6£JLD ^<oll<ck ^UlJd) Q&IUIU<SI){TLD. <gi&&rr®T S > ffL£>rrm§>§>iir)(8) 
^judfsb S}os)L-iU!T§i' > <srdrrr)] G>&rT(LpLLu}- &niL&\\un& /5il/ld/t<ss<j 

(plo£S7c5/7 ^m &,&uu<sk oSiLis^p^u Gurrij <s^(§ 
(Sii (75 <si|*<95 rr a) ll n uSI-gbjj ld , Gurjir^^mSl @<m&Q&rr (5 ld<s5><s37<si5) 

c95L.<5i/(sy5i;(5d5 GgifiiLfLD. ^mrrd) LD^ifliLn 77 Qp®j(r$LD ^<sii <sts)i &(§ 
Qu$m<o$)(om LDomiD Lj?rl<oSl&& GsumrQ)QLom^j udrfipo^p a^ffitu 
&rr<so$0<sb <s>j6ij<sir <gj6$)guufp[fi} <ortii<sS\& ^G^ummiLjw 
Q&rr<5V60®5l<sb@s)GV. ^g)<si/<siifr/p/ ^Gum ^lojfr&mnw (& > £&$pru 

<5FrrLDrr.m<suuj([$iAi <sSl$ g&ksuld rr (5 ll QpmQ.csrrr (/5 
cgj/^c^/r/j^^si) ^LD^^syr Gu@)t£ $£rrubrrmLD G&dj&tfG&rrtmrL- l%)@ 
^fOJiraGrr r$i<sii<o$)i<s$)L-.uj LDcOToZoas Qld<su<sd ubrrjpjfil, Gldotc£/tq5?ot 

tSysijm &&G><9 : !?I&(&jlj Gurr&rr ldsv <s3iLu^<sS1(§^^ sp(§ 

(^UuSlpgjj^ &lLp<omL Qu0^G^(5S)ajSJDLOfTQT <gi<su<ob- LDml£!tp(g)LJ 

£L.6mi3$$rrm. <sy<sum &fi Cl l^gc $<!&$£>§} ^{^&fi)U6omauS)6V 
sl.lL&it /7/5^(5/5^ n* s5r. ^@cgj<£ ®3lL($ &tTiLrr<o$)<5ijiu(ri)LD £>ll§} 

(3) 11/ /f) <SS) «95 tUGVrEJ&fTfJ&GgfT® GU$§1 SM^&it) UGOOTi&miU 

^£p@u@c5^)(swfr/t. imr®j(njLD s^<sbsofT<3FLLrr^ omfr WLLLj&<s$)Gnu 
Gu&tu <su®hr<smw £g)©i5<£<s37fl". ^uGurrgj &rr m n: <o& <su iu rr 
Qu(f?jfpG&<sfi)ujLDLDtT<S3>Grr 'GT$5)fr£gi Gurr^Lb Gl&ujuGumfju Guno) 

/514^^/, " Qu(n>[5G&6fil! 2L-<S3T<95g)c95 G&nULB <SX//5<g/7<Sl) GU[TL-($ILD'; $ 

^$Gtsrrr<sb GrmGmrr® Qu&rr<sfi\iLL-rr6£}iL uuojrruSJGVonGO. $ 

(ST/B/G<S5^/TOT (?£5l4-<5 &<5$ UJfTGmLD Q&lU&(TGplLD G.LLGSr&IT <o5)<SXJU 



40 GtDm&n 

Gurr&ffp fB<sboj <g«rarfcjjg> ^ot<£@« S\qs)L-.uu^i &iq„mLB. 

u>jpip fi#®so»«> F5rrC®u Qumr<9s<srr g)©«@ib 9(^/s/«>«u 
ufrrr@prr<sb $j<siJ<ss)m [BItld G&n \£\<sS\go m<su&>G3> y<ss>g5 

Q^UJUjQ<5U<om®LD. ^ipur£j&Q<M(sbGVlTLD $GS)<SO&rT<sb G^ffilUITLDO) 

gjm<stH e$(Lp!S§] GuirSlmpm. ^oj^mL-tu &&uumrrfr iL.1t//7/5g 
SL$$lGiurr&$§l<& ^(r$&®fpirG(j <ordr&)ip <s*J&lduit®jld 
g\$$rruSl€giLb £-mri~rr? jyoJGfr arnfltULD Q&iutqLD ^pmLDiLjsh, 
^eu$n>anL-Uj umflajLD, ^{L^fijSliu Q<sFfrd)§2iLa, $rT<mr(LpL£> 
iunq^<k(§ <sv(r$LD? Gjmpnfr. 

(oT^lrrufTfjff <g{LDQLDrrLfi)&®n®(T& G<5SlLl_ Giifjrr &&rr lEIuSIosi&ij 

WOTLD <g(0QJfT(g] &GV&&LD ^ <SV> £_/5Jj/ , <gj&p(§ ^<5h<m®S)$LD ugid) 

&rrLLir<sMQJUJ!fl<5m (SW<si> <gi<siiasi§i iDCTr@6i) ^(§oSlss <^H > &£$!J£5®n& 
^<mrL„rf&&)iu§j. ^gstit^jld, (oSIg^ojld g-.<mr<s$)iJbUjrr&G®j 
Q{f>n®si$uj§i. <$juGurr§i Qu(§^ G<95<s>5), "jyg/ $gg$&n<sm 

GurriGb r5Ub&Q&m<o$r <sl//tlou)? ^Gum g,m&iDrrm Qu<sm t 
^/Qj^5<s?r)L_(u Qunn)j<s$)LD& (^smtD <sp<skrgu Gurr^jGu)! lmtojld 
j5fTib tgitLKsorriT GuAmflmGLDd) GUmruiJH &Lb$$<sinrr<& Qurrtij 
Q&rrmm ®jrrdja(&, GurT^m.LnpjryuGurrLD" (ormipnorr. 

aFnriDFR- ^oj^anutu $&uu<mrr /r {5LD(Lp<o$) L-.uj ®Sl<otyLU&(£i<5b 

6Tmm GGQfTlSl4£456>ffLD G&LUgfTlT? ^f GU (7J <Sff> £__ tU (& > ®LbU<k 
&®J<o$)60&G(r ^uSl /JLfl (§&(&, LD. $LL§} Q&I7 f$^&&lT l?iuj£5§>)6V <SH®jft 

Q&iL®&arr pyn iS\(n)&&<oorriD. Si&(jb(giLc> f5m^(^LD gtgvkm 
&L6ur5$£b? r5LD(Lp<oS)L-UJ &>nfiliuih}&mm Quj<sb<5vrr ld ^gikt 
Q&iTQiTGmui^ 9(5 (g<sy)/r)<si/L6)(oir/)5)<y G&iugj oSI lLl-.it fr ^(Svgoojit? 
/5i£)<5@ G<MQpmmGGu<mr($LD? 

©«rfiDs- ■t£(£i.&ri)4SiT.QG!ffmGsr Qu'!T<sb<5QrT$Giimrr o ^HQjm 



&ui-LR<sb<oorrLD <opi LD Gu&rGurrm? ^<sum (Lp&$$<so G&rru(LpLn 
eurruSIp Q^rr(^)<oS)LDiurf<m Q&rr$b6giLD G &> nr <sk n$l iu sm «55 ^nm 
<S>jr$Giu<sk. 

miwmt- umlut &@sr&LbLDrT<gni&(9) ^uqp^n<sk Lbppojir&dr* 
^l<oii(^<oS)L^uj l$}i?Iuj£b&jj&(&j LM!pp<siirr^(^QnL^uj§j £_<s5)fp GurrL-& 
&rr(sm{T§!; qj^/t«cJ/T£j6)/ qj/j/7<S5£7Tu6); «stcswi/ ^jcussiesrA StGtp 
<^L^ubrrC„L-nQm! ^uQuiruuiLL-^(§m^ 
/5ld<35@ LDGtiTtsyvtBrruLD £-<5mi„n®sr§! ^nosr 67<sot<5(§ Qj(nfj@&LDiT& 
^©«SpjS/. 6T68r<stsr($/sun r5LD(Lp<s$)L-.m G^iianmu iSl&&)mrr<sb 
^jljuul /5L_/5js/ q5)lLi_G>c5 QiuiTLfluj mrrfr GurflGgjw 

(§JPpLjE)<sb<5$)(SV- GTGMpfTlT. 

<g>ILb£Lp6Li(rfjLD &sl$\iu Q&rr p&<s$)m& (3<95lLl_ <su$n&<9 : n lSIuSIgst 
id <sbtj§) <su <95<?5t LD<5?DGsrG)S) (Lp^<sSIGujrrit l8&jj susmi^rr uS\(§^^ 
Q®jngjuLj (Lpipr$<°0LO 9© Qr5fTLq.u51(ob <sya<mp&ij. <gj6y<oiT LjifliptB 
Qarr®<oS)LD&68)6n& (gjjfil&gl g£© <siS?^ &l$6£]!j&&ld Ggamffil 

<&I.GU 6S)t <o1S)L—UJ (Lp&&(&jf$<SmLU £_OT77775£ Qu(f^^G^<s£l zS>Jg]G<o)J 
Unn-^g&il (LpgGV <oT6M LLOSTLD U <§) LD U fT L- <5V) L- <oT U U ISL 

Q®j6filu5l®G6ijm! Q&tT<ob6S)<sk <j>/£pg)LD, &(§@§$<oh sl.(T[j&&(lpld 
<ormm<mu lSul^^j s-Gpj&Sl qS1lLl.<sm, <35eff)L_£)tfS<s& <£j®jm£L.uSl<o8)(j 
<siS)lL(J)<5>S)l_l/ GurrSlGpm <oTmp<sb(SVQjfT <5T(Lg^u5l(^AS)piTQfr! 
^Sl. &i7Lnrr! <^//5<5<£ &uL^m& <5Tr£iG& 6S)GU4£$5fr&G(T? <g>j6&$ 
^GbrQmrr(nj &pld ul$.&& G<siimr(^LO Guusb ^Gn&mn 
vS\(§&$l(p§i" <5TGvrprr<sh- 

aFnriDifs- ^/£4. G&mDn<sfil $&(rG<m <g\m$ <s\j[m&<9 : frL£l<&(&)& 
6T6$rprr®sr. 

utSLjBtBrrm. 



40 GtD(smsn 

G&<suif(§®M-Uj £5}($GiD®sfluSl<sxr O^id <somj$m$u upnftiLiLD, 
^M/r«r£/s/«n* (tp^eSlGiuntUdr Qs$u>$m$u upfiiLjLD gf^u* 
$miu Q&£j$^iuuu LSl^ff^sSlGpm. <3$6uiTgb>!J ®Sl®$giu 

&rr®)LDrr& <<rrdr iDmw ull urrtL<ss)t-&> Q$,t(\<sS\uu$p(g > g)fe* 
g\$m &ul$u> €tuui$- ®l'i-pfi!ju GurTgltpgi! €Tfi$e5>mQiurr 
prr £l«©i@ (Lf>dr<mGuDGiu &lsl$ld gtq$$ ^i^juu €T<m ldostid 
ambang §ff<smiiLiu§i. gv&iljld $iul$$$I- G<g6ii%«(g 
<nttn£§l(!5P$ Gojsuljljld, Garru(LpLD gmfliun @®«@ ldG u rrgj, 
lo&ij urrdOlujrrSluj <orm®?iJ®r>L-Uj <57(Lp@gl &<sm<mfl<5V l/iIl^si) 

G&(TU(LpLD GOU&JULJLD ^^<S/f?«@C?LD/T GojmgyLD, &VLj&$<Sto$U 

i3n\&>§tu urrtjirubGGO ot/A^js/ 6$®6#/ra<3<s)nmr Q<a/<s5mi/ii ^(sjff) otot 
^(SzncF^fu ^fL-ASiu Q unguku GurTfpj&giu urrfr&G&m. 
as<^L-£)c/5)d), G$®Jif($®s)u.iu LDOffG&rr® <$&t&j ulLQ\u Gu& 
^Gim& Q&>rrmr($\ ^juls(§ld otw Lom®s)& ^®$ 9© Gfbhulilild 

@($l&& 6D6l)<SU<S?fiL£) ^ppGlKSnfT LU , (£)GS)&tUW)IUU& §l<S56fl$Q$m. 

&$l61&& (5<a/<sw(pLb. 

/5/T6W" ^fijS} (/5 /565 Gurr§i g$ a/ Q <si/ /r (5 Gn^rr uliljld, 

4$dlQ®J(T(§ finiflon&lLfLD) ^)rr<s£l§}JLD, U&<s£l6gJLD, ^juSl<oSI^JLD i 

€$l$ul9®}]ld Gg6Lii?(n)6is)L-iLi ^) (t^gij mm^^J p (^ <9F[5Ggrr(oty 

&lJLQ[T&6ljLD i ^)<SS7U (lp L_ (J) LD $£l $ LD 1T <£ 61] LD f$L-.r5§J 

Q&rT<shoj<oS)gGuj urrL-Lorr&u uuLg&a, ^®5)&>Guj <o7OT@/<ss)l_{L' 

6£lLIiT& &GU6$)QJUJ[T&&i Q<£f7<SW@, ^ 6U <o£i Gty ILI g §$ G <SV G IU 
<ST<s k®S)i <SS)L-UJ (Lp(Lg LD6m<5$)$lLjLD 9 G^^G^^LLjLD, [B IT OT <J>/ /TU L/ (offSrLD 

Q&ih§j ai/5j5/ii), OT6$rgffl6y>L-Uj Qunf<sb<son^ Ocu^nsyruSfiw uiu&frrrs» 
$nm S-.m&^mL-iu Ggu^jug^uls QupGp<sk. rsrrm lunG^n^ 
t£m<s&)ipiLjLD Q&iuujQS)GbG5)<so.Qujttrjr}] Q<9FrT<sh<so<s)S]<sb<oV>6v. GugsGtnub 



iS!<off>tp S/so^sua^®!}). gTg5rgg)f<gg)iL_cu iL.u5lm&(§uSlcrnr{Eluj G&<su(?fr 

<oim <afi\Gi$UJf&^<sb &Ffy<SS)'LDlLIU>, <95 <SB) (U 11/ ii <95 (T ll L_ /T 6*5) C L_ /T SI). 

suswAgj Goj^j lurrnr &$ifi)(§&&)prriT&m? ®rr rrl<5U)&ujrr q$&(&)& 
&<smGLim &<5m®$flgrr<o5r(j>LD l/c9><s*$)l_ld. ^jl^uu^ld &_/5/<S5<srr <S5>«; 
^m<omuu§}w SL/iicsrir ar<55, QupGrprr.iT €j<siisumGij^rr<sir 

U /T® Uli (J) Q<9>cS5 . QL//T&$r65)<SOT<5gj<S5 (g <o3) p i/5) OT/T^ 67OT6S) <S87£J 

urT§i&>rr&&i6gtfiL, ^iGurrmmfT<sb <5idr idot Gfv>rTih&(gj LD(f$r$&ji 
Q<3=ujg<sv &n.®GuDrr f ^gp^frliu <off><&/<5^)n//7 grr mi^mdrGpn ? crdr 
^^ld rjm%&nG&<5ufrGrjiurr(&jLD. UL-i^esfliuus ^J(§^^ ^gSI&^ld 
&m LD<ffl&&@ib^®TLDrr^&(9)Lb GurT<^<5m6mQ&iutu^6tiif®6rrrr<sb 

<5T(LpGlDfT? <£] <£ /D @ ffl IU GU<3fr<Sff<sb G^GUffGfJ Qiumu®s)£B& 

Q&rr<sb<so<sijLD Goj^m^GLDir? 

S) qj S) <sii /r (/5 qj (5 <siff lo /r ii/ GgGuifir- GTG&rmGtir ^«^ 
<sfii<so&QiuGurr§?i§i]Lb, gtot ub®n®s)& q5)lL® ^mrj O/g/ri^ii/ib 
G^ojfffr <£i&<sv j^rrm ®SlL-.<S]S)<sbGS)<50. ^mrrGb, ^i$mrr<sb <sim 
2L-<smh<si\> &jju5i<sb (Lf>tB<sS)iu®nQJ LLrrgfijljjLD @S)gv&i gSIiLlszt. 
gTggrg)/gy)L(i/ s_uS)/r Q&tt(Q)<3 : ri] Q&rT<gf}&LDrTUJ (tp&&rrp uir&Cb 
QurnJu<oS\C-i-§!. ^jmmLD Q&rrpu uk&ld eSlmres^tp^Cn 
LD(mr€Ssflp(gLX>rrsi QM&<sorT tsj-&Q&rr6mLq.Qi)&&)p3)j< ^<ss)^u 
Qurr<k&QGun y <£i<sb6ti§} r£lp& 65)®j&&G®jrr 6u<sb<sv(S$)w Qupp (5p(§ 
gasfluiSlijLi ^)<oU<5ij<sv&)(5b G^Guifrr <^(^qjGij, <£/.« &rrrrliULb 
FF&GUjjGtrrro^LD ^«frjy. 

6T®ttGS)mg> Ggojfffr GTtijojmGij&rTm <=£/££<£<$ /r sy/ib, 

(SfrGUgrTGgjLD ^i§} SHuGun§} <oT<5$T Q$&{5§l&(8j{5 gj<SVTULDfTdj@ 

G$rTmrj5lasr'rT6j2!LD <&®${5 ^<smGu^ Gsssyff^nu up$iu rglancwoLi 
<orm<ss)<m ®j(i])t5§>) supggi. srdr 6$)&u$}<s£imm (&*,lL($\& 
$(LgLDq&(s$)m& &nr«m!LDGurrQ$<sv€orTLD otot idotio a/(5/5@# 
$6£l&£)fp§i. (gil(^i_L/ Qupp$p&iT& ojdrfpj, <5Tdr<5$)m 
SL.mi&^$as>L-UJ ^fr\mLDuQurT(r^mrr^ (£§${£§! (tp<£@6&> rj G u rr il l_ 
Ggojifif ^juGurr§! eT&nrsmmsSGtoU) ruppojmrr^Si eSleoiSlkjG^ 



44 GLDGW&fT 

GupprrgyLD, 'Q^QJ{f(§mL^uj &®sr®s?lg>rrmGw Grma,^ 
®j<shuLDiTdj& G&rnmnpj 11x057/7$), S<si/j$)i— ijd *« (£p<£r>L_(u ^/tGld/t9 

^«^/r«S)o5)(J)<5i?/T«QOT<oJTJi/ <sp<siiQ®jrr([j) $ iB gi$ (tp w <srSJ)/t 

eSl&eneo. O&ojfimp ®51®i$§]u L$lffl$§j ^ishGun$(nj$§i £§)/5$£ 
<5F/f/rib ^)W5 mdrm uiumm ^mL-uGurrSSp&jj? ^gotwu) £\<so 

3>®s)L-££,Q$pn§}'; stok i£QST(ipub Qoj&>rr§i. 

{&jism£i&(§fi)LD, l&swrgijai&GLD Gu(nju&n ifl&errfr u5l(§^,§} 
ms>Q&rr®£E,§i £_<£<si^<si> Giiip&>®LD. £jg)6ifg£$<si> &irw$§>rr&sr(9 > (stTw> 

g>lUG&T(9j<SfTLD GTOSIfT)] ^(§ (§ffl [&!&(§$ LD £g)<g/r)<£/7c®(3<Sl/ ^($[5§J 
£-g5®Sl LjiflJBgl GU(I^S)mfp!Sm. €T3 > $GP>(5$lQlLJl7 {£L-<58)frJ&Gfi\<30 

SfGneu&GnGfT Grs.rr&lSl rsnosi $L-.ipGg,m. gtg&t S-uSJomjililjd 
wzzrm&iLiw Q®rr6ir<ss)<5n Q&rr<5mL- G$glk?({]j<5V)L-.uj 
(*p&rr(jefilrB£8)€8)4£ <sp(§ j£(jLbn®j§i aprmrrTLDGV Qurr& gtoh ldgstld 
<f©<£<95 <sfi}<sb6$)<sv; <oim G&rfjG&jdr! ^)<srf? Gojgj <oT<sxjgS\$w 
<*T(Lg§lG<5u<m? ^uiutb siuiULD &rT$g>($<sn<sb G^sinsm^w. 
rg>!tsi-UjrrmGLb<m&iT" 

€im^j G&mjbmw lB&& £_(§&& wn^o^ lq, G&iLGurrfr ld®x§j 
§)m®LLrrguLD ui^^rrm, ^««q.££jg)dr <$ (75^ <**)£; ^uGurrG^ 

&Gomi£lGsr. ^^ *«w«;u)Lo./r6iS)dr .^e&sn^eSlmnA <5T(Lp&u 

<Plg!®jmij!i5}<£ rBwprrtiju ui±&&®S)<sv<sg><sv. <sHuGurrG& ^@t<so 
er(g$uuL-UL(§JB$ g> <si/ Q si/ nr (/5 Q ld rr $1 uj ld 9 ,&$$?&& 



Q&®Sl&<sfii<£) «ewf/f &6®$QrT<s&r(r)j 6p<s$l$3>gj 9 <3}6U6isr&ji &}fj&$£l6$r 
sp(SisQ<oUfTiT s_S/7/tud^<s3)^ii/££) lSI Lq.g&n £.g)/<%g)cgig/. (LpsmGu 
& Gsfl '{5§>)0 JJS j5 <jy<si/gp/<stf)L_i/j ld6$t§} <oT<sfil^ip ««y /s/ S) (Lpfhn5l§p[LD 

&6m€®sfftiE> §}<sfil&®T Ggu^uulLl-O^. ^rii&<oij(5YV§i}[T&J5iT(sb ^6um 
<9b€m&®r><ofT^ §]®5)L-&§}& Q<%rT<mrL-.rr<okr. /5<si)o; u f!) &£%§£> lmt m 

Lbm<o5)gblLfLD, ^jskG&LULjLD, & 6V G& iU $ @S) ®ti 6WT ILf LD Qu/f)J) 
Q U 65$T LD 65$fl LU (T 6VT &,QST^i G U 65) j£ LD 65) 63TUJ (T tl U^O) CL/<^ ^/TOT 

(& > UL&rrrj65)muGufT€0 ^^l^^^jld, Gtnoug&jjLD, &lLl-§jld 

<S^<Sl/J^O<£/7 6OTL_/T<Stf7\ tSyOJmgj <3\ U G U n GTS) <£ IU LD6VT 

r£)<oft<sv<ss)LU&&(smL~ ^«si/suig^css/r, ^§jGgh &ffimrT<m urT(g>u$ 
GuDGirrpj r£)<STS)65r^gb6$riT. 

Qu(jT)r5G45<sfil 9 " (oiasrmGsurT Gurrm&jj Gu[t<^lLQ)ld; 
^juGurr^j ^/qj/t ^mQ<mrT0 ^[rsmL^rruSlijLD ^unnjLD, 
r5®?>&&®r>ffl l£lL& ^.800lo ^(§qj^itil]ld , [5iTiA&ULgib-&(Lg$5lmrr<& 
^ 6U 6$) ®rr ^(5$)Lp^&jj <su$§i <S)S1 ($) ®j g nr il] ld , &rr ll rr <si/c£(g> 
ST(Lp@aS)(75«S)/p/T/T. <5j6mi^fT Qjpnr&&rTL£l! ^G&Lp^&tf&G&rrGm® 

6U(J^LDUiSL <oT(Lg&j]G<SXjrrif)[T? UnGULDt {B6V6V 6UUJ&-& <SBn<SV^^<SV 

Qu<sm *gir£iG& ^)(§&&1 urrGSliu^m^ 6jm @ff<smn&&G6ij<sm($)LD? 
(&j6fr$§>l<sb S\6mp^l6b <siS)(Lp/5^/ Q&{5§! as)6ug>t£rr<sfT(T68rrT&), 

LHTGU(LpLb, UL$ILILD [B LD <S(g (51/ /£^/ G<3F(T()LD. <oTG5rmG<Sim G&rTULD 
UtTULD &6mL-!T6fTLD 9 ^UUfT! /§ G&ITUgG5)g LD6Vr&)<SV 6m6u&&rrG{£! 
(oTGfopriGIT. 

G&rruQLD®sT6m? £jg)<a/d7 ldg^&t grii&LDrrm ssmdj^LDipfp LD6$r&r. 
iSifpfr &rr'<oS)<ci) (Lp<sh 6Vig>&& ^jsum &&I&& i& rr lLl-.it G <s$r! 
GLL6$r&iT®n<sij rffrjfBgrjLDnrij <si5)lL(5)<s)5}l_ ^gi/ gry &ffig ^rr<sm ldgstld 

QJ0LDfT9 <oT6h<SmG6lirT ^ 6Ll 6Q)j 63) L-ILI LD TT LD65TIT /T<§ /T OT 

L}S>§)\u$l 6V 60 n ld A Q U6m65)6m <s>j6$)Lp3i&)i& G&rrsm® Gurronrrn. 



46 GiM<o$r<SBrr 

€T^mm ^fimmm(§u Qumrm<<m& p&ijum ®$iLiq-<sb <ss>6u$gi& 
Q&rrmm (Lpi^a/ih? - GTdrprrir. 

ej(Lg$iL($}LD" <oTGkpn<sm. 

aFrriDnr:- (S)<sb<o$)<svuJuurT( <s>JQJiT g_g3r g[)/ <5ff)L,*u <5v>&ujrr<sb 
u^lmw (oj^nufffr&iSlipnn. <c?Qmmprr<sb, iSlmq <zp($&n<sb $ 
&mrmL„. Gun^GunGam erdrSlp <gi&&LD Gun<sQ(^<kSip§i. £g)g/ 

6U(n}0££LD ^.mn-rr(^LD. $Guj <$(§ Guifl <oT(ig SJoSiJh 

&mL-.£p}u5)w ^ojfr ujrrfr? ^<m^ja)L^iu lak ubmu fr&rrQ>6$r? 
LDrriDmiTiT ^&uumiT(§&(&j& &ubnmih. ^)<$<sw/7<si) £_ot<£@ ^(/5 
<§g& patih <su$§i <sS)L-n§!. $Gat <$(§ surfl 6T(Lp^}oS](^. 

^nriDnr:- GojGp <^mgjth <s*j§$&LDrr& €T(Lp^GoLj<mrL.iTLD. 

" efil @$ tu ds «95 sfr gtG&ft &rr<sv oSl^^iurr^^^rffsb ®]uul%. 

G^IJ^§]G)S1lLl^QU, ^j([5^P^fT(f^lh (^(§Gyi7GLD(5b <S£([1)<51llT<Sll(n)$$lh 

simuoD^Gai moj&&r[Lb(sb mrr supan patih Lnp[5&tf <si5?(/J)(2<a//T£i). 

G^6ll!?!T 6F/TLD/7£^(51/aL/(75<S(5 6T (Lp $ OJ g] (ST637 LD<SM&&(& f 

&ihu)&LDrTti$(nj&§}n)gi. «nuGurrgj G$euif(n}&(§ Q&<SYT&rfiujGLDrT 
S^uGufr§j Q&®7urr&QujQj§>) GuKsm&rrmGii <s*]<sv>Lp&&]j®jr5gj 
qS)i1@l/ GurT&<svrTih. £g)<ssft .fBWLEl^ (&>®LDLJ$&iT(njih 
unrG&jpGpesyLD Guitgo ^($uGurrih <ormugj (orm^jG^L^tu 
wmuLj,nrajLDnrm pLDiS&m&^Gjmg} GT(Lg§j 9 GeuGprrdrgjLD 
G qj <s&tl_ n ih - zimp /7 /t. 



uuiuGu^mr (Lpm u&jjrii(8)^<sb 47 

QjrXfr&&fTdS) (Lp^sSlcsb .&}r$&jj [Brrmfl^ giumiSSmirm. <§sot 
ton LD<5$rmf}L-LD §>rr<s$T @nr truwir pmuu Gu&liu G&rrip&Gfo 
r§lmo$ i [6Slp(& ) GUjE^m. <sr<ssfl@/ ld , (3udot<s5/7 ®S)<m &uL-LDprr) 

(&}<ofi)lflp£B Si/^OTLD ^/QJ|p<Sff)L-_ttJ LDOT<£<95<Sgsr<S5Bf?d) G gfr 17 <m j$l 
sS>j<olI<o&flL-LD LbmprTLq.iU§}. ^(Gudr S_L_(5ctT &UJ.&LD 6T(£p<^, <Stj<58)$ 

&rfL£>rr<oft<suujfr <oT®£b§ju Guirii gurrjp QulL.ui.uSJ<^) GuniL® 

6U[JfT'&&iTL£l U65)&&§} ^\<5^^U l$fil{£§}LJ U fT IT^^rf OT. ijfLil^ 

&Q60&i—(t])LD GLDm&nrGijib ^<ok$prG<sii LjfpuutL® to^j^um 



■& * & 

•,s >,\ ^jv 



5-QI§| <^i^®f¥JJli) 



iintuoi^OT <gpor ugirEi®^6D 



iplJDOT^rr @(/7)U)u<syLb <9$ot LamrrrGrnsifrgi £g)<si)<a><£<ss><5 
Sj®r>i—$&>1 c^ot/$/j<si/ g>®sF\65)L£)ifil<sb ^<oiiG<svm ($) Gu&ltu iSototG/j 

^l<sii(^<oJS)L-tu ub<o$ruLSl®ttfi ^«ot/djj/. ldcbjS)^ £)l_/|<5 tL.uSlfr 

<S£ <ofil <S3> UJ U Qupp§J. 6TLDgp/6i;&)OT «^/(/JjSl/D Q &£&($ (!])$£> 

<SH®j(§n)®s)L-UJ ^onwn ^uGurrG^ ^(t^ldlSIuj^. ojfTUj-iu 
vs_L_@2/ii $<sfilit$$§]. Q[5Lq-iu &rT<soLbrriu LoS)tp QQj<s$ru<sv)^GiLi 

<95SW£_/^£ZJ/td5 QJ65<o5rii L/ OTOT (537 c954U /7 <ol) LD SD /T /5 ^^/ . <sS\&6$flD 

<5TOT@i/ii (LpSi(sb (&$ipu Qu!J){j5)(n)!p$ <3jLp&)iu (Lp&£!il(sb ^j<skru& 



48 Qw<s$i&rr 

" Qu€mQm$m GojfTLfliurr u&>G<so Lj(§&rr 
Q^mrQ<smir geSItm ^fjG<sim oSii^iurr 
^mrGmrrr ^Lfliurr ^iBGjjn qjc55sd/7 
&®$wG<smrr §}uSl<sorr <s£l§jG®jrr «lO(S¥. 

©arp $u5)m (Lpmmfr ^®t(§ld Q<sii<mrQmrQiu®sr& &>m 
8>€moj®st§i &mm&Lbpp n-.<smmiD ^msSJmrr®) £§)<@rS) 
$($p$GSlL-.Lb Q$tftujiTU)<a) up{5&§]. 9(5 ^©^^{5© (tp<sbr 
^sum $<&m&&<&& Q&dtp §$<mg>$p(§ QP!5&<u [Bn^GV ^©lIi^ 
anengfi Q®jd)Q®JLL® Qu)$m&6s>iu ^uGunGp iS)rfl&&rrm. 

^®J(^€8)t—lU Gg&LD ^6»T€5>JD«CS« iJ L © U L/ L. 6S) <S1J £S) ifJ <£ 

a>€mt^§!. cFor>L„iLjrT&u Gun i£l($jp$ si<suiq$g6U—iu egyipSttJ &n./5<5<st> 5 
Q^dr<s&>6flr«gjL/ Ljpuu® (ipdrmGrj (nmrQ<sm<5S)iuu4LD i 
Ljd$uJ56$)&tL}LD <&pgiJ&Q&rT<5mL„g!. ^oj<sh(^(^ Gi}(n)<s^LDn&2M<sm 

^eum&jj (3<^<35<£§J)<s£> ^j)<SYr6?r>LD, f5®n-®sflQn<oO<ss>LD, Q$&uqd%i4. 

(Lp^®SlmGti(ppiT<SV £-688TL-IT(gjLD ^m&GfTULlLD, Q&rr(Lp<5G)LDlLILD, 
^mm^B QJfTLD(LpLD <£l®J<ofilL-LD &rT<omLJUL-®Sl6b<oS)<S0 ^GSTfTGgjLD, 

$Gsr&<5QsrGUQS)Gsr^<s$)L-.\uu Gurr(&}LD Qu([^ld urr&Qajg<s$)J5 iL/mG^sf! 

<SH®jm<symL„r5^ LD<m& &)mff&@)tL]LD, G) L/ (/5 LD&lLpGijGuD <s>1<5ii<s?s)m 
^nmQ& Q&n<5mrr$&>®sr. Qr5($)f£j&rT(oVLnrrdj lSIitItb $(§/&£ ^osi 
LD<smiT<5rriT^i<sirr$ijGL{ ^m<sdlL-LD ^Qsfl<oS)iDuS<5V sii/gg/ Gu&ojnGrjrr, 
G u &) Gsr rr §# ld <oTgu®SI$ld Gu&sufrGjjrr 6rrfr/ry Quifl§jLD 

&GUmQ)Q&!T6WSl(£) <3l<$lim ^.OT^p LL<mLDITLp&) llS(§^fT(oh. <J)/d5/f)(g 

^)(§i5@wn§] Si^urr iurT6vp65)piLjLD LLprBgj gcbrGmrT® £_6m<otr>ub 
^mGun® QiDni£l<siirtGfjrT ^(sbrtfii ld^jul^iljld iuugijld u<s$)Lpuj 
&G$)&iurruj (Lpu^iLjGLDfT G)&/<sSnp/ ^sum uGOOJirfpj r£\o?)mg>&)} 
r£}65)Gsrg§i ^jn^Slm GU(f^<ss)Si<ss)Uj ^ojGgvit® <5T@!i!TurTfrtBt£rrm. 

<Sy&>&>®n&lL! <9 : Sl'3b&)<ol)F[ppn LDGST06$)<5O61S)LDuS}<Smrr<5b, <s>j GU OTT&jJ 

Qld<A><oSIiu Gm^sf! go-^rj G^niu £)<£/r<sm(J) Qqjljuld<5^)L-^^^j; 
Lj > &&Gmrr Glb[t uu&(§®r>LpiLiijD; l^gs) gu uu ifl <sbr GUf&GnGubrc 



umuGii^m (Lpm u§ii£i(§g>6b: 49 

t5WLD<5mrr<s(Trj§i Q&m$.uj Gr5ir<&&n-<sb (&j&r>Lpiq LDmGprr? ^ojm 
^¥^P@ (Lp>6vr @<osrgJ [5 n lu&afl i—ih @(5 ^ij^ld ^<OTL/p^®/5<s<oi/<rfr 
S^sfotrL]' ^{BsSlm, £jg)<ssfl<£ ^m otJj§) /t<£ rr <so <surr Lp&<s$)& 
<sruuui-u5l(nj&(9jGLD-iT- Q<su<zk(r)j ^ojsh &qjg5><oO Gl&fTGm® 

&i£\rBg> <s£(5 Qj(fjj<s)$£®n6b& sutlLisl^jld ^gV/5^5 §£(/5 ussGgo 6^(75 
tyc95zi) Guitgo Gumfrpgt} GUQT ) &>§)<!k &<o$)L-@)u5l<sb <sy&<5brpgj. ^juoSIgv 

UJIT®J(n)LD S_SWQJ(5/5@^ &&&LD <3F IU OST c£ j§) /f) @ £J G U IT tl5J &ff IT . 
^i<oiTgU ^<5OTg)/L_gS7" g ®$fl 6G) LD U$l d) Gu& QJ (/5 (oli /T S /J/T Q(SliOT/p/ 

^^)p&(^m siy/sdj/ «ggirgn/L-cir Qu&rrLD<sb &tu®sf!^<sv)j£& arrsm, 
^Guofrgj LOoniD <5rrrii&)m§]. ^uGurr^LD^^iJ(§<^)L^uj G^uguuL^LDy 
G&nu(LpLD ^<5TsvflujGSl6b6v>6vGujrr Qojm sy®J®r goiu (Lpptprrm. 

*i?g/ Q&rripuwrru51<oG)iLD ^fdrg l5)/p/5@(75«<5 G<M6m®QLD<5brrrij 
^svnrd), ^(sufr (Lp£F><sS\<sb g<obrG<mrr(£) G u&gv rr Q rj&frgi] 3j>rrm 

<o7@/7 U/T/TUUg/ £&rfQ^(oVT LL@>l^&>FT<siT; Q LK5MU /T 6V1t£)UJ 5>n GoST 

(LpgsSisb u Gssfl ®j rr & /5/_c$d5 Gojcmr^GLorngu <or<mr<a®sflmrT6n. 
^Gwrnd) (oTo^^uupi^l <jyoj/7)L_Lb Gu&Ql1 Ol^smu^} « = gy<si/(§Y5<s5(gj5 

^/<5i/®<5@ ldS) Lp<o^c5Wi_/7 <&(&}LDU UL grrm Gu&GGii<sm(£\ QLD<mgu 
r£l®s)GSTg>&rrffl. &>rrdr (Lp^(s6l<sv LD<smosfluLj<s G&iLu&j Guitsvojld 
£§)(75<£c95<oi) G®j<mr($)LD; ^rrG^r (Lp$<sSltp Gu^laj^rnL/Lb $j ($$$<& 
GsiJ<mr(b)LD &<mf£}$mm£§}&&$§}{B*ui£i§\, sgSI^ g>m<svGiurr(§\ 

/5/7<5Mf? [giiohpiTGh; LSip(gj QLD<5VG0 egJ/ QJ <gy <SS) L_ (L/ <55 /T (51) ZJJL ttS) /f) 

Q&<skfQj, gm&tf QLDGkr<s$)LDiurT6m &fjr£j&(snrT<5b, ^itldodij ^j^Lprf<sb 

gL-.6l{$6&)6VLjGurr<Si) <gj GU @/ <off> L_ UJ &IT6V)(SV ^Gsru&tjLDn dj 

<5i](rf)LCL<5mrT<m; ^m^j ^guit Gu&rToSluLgrtfLD, ^rrGvr ^fajp&jj 
&iTGii)<soa> ^<5mui-UJgparra& Garr ur£jQ&nr<5m<$) ^ononm 

Cus.c&rrJ-S 



5§ GtD6$T&rr 

SL.Gin$$$rrg2iLD <3>i<sn$ujLD Qu(§ld uit&®iulditg& Q&rr<sir&r$ 
^nj/r/j/T« jiJGS/M'r*- c^si/ot ^uGurrgjLD sj <sy ®fri l. ld 

(Ju^LOfii, €TGb€Sl$> &<SG)L-IL]LD Q & (L IU fT LD^J LD ^ m<5F<SU O) 

QeuiL&$§l<ssrrr&}LD 9 urr<sh)Ufj K 3H&&$§l<ssrrr&iL6 GlLommu) 
ot@^ot/t- @)asf)iLiL6, &rrm Gu&rrw<sb $j(5!5&rr<sb &,L-.rrQ$®tr 
$mm$$Gu>®n&n> oj^uiiuojrrGp^m^j <ss)aiurr®)<£>itoj6gi<ss)L-.uj 

LDfTlTODU^LD & [J M S <SV <5lfT LLj LD $L-<sfi\u UfTfT&g], "^«/7/ 6T<SOTW 

^)QjQi(Syia/ ^jmmuy! (^dr<oGf)(J$f£& ^L-LDiSid) ^mpuurr&iii 
5kL_ (5)<si>an<stfGiL//" GTsbrfDrrdr. ^aimgj ^shsrr^mLq.u5}(o6l(§^§j 
G&frm$luj ^/q> aSlasfiuj GwnrLfil&m yebeorr m(gjLp<sSldj 
^^Qmnd)lmiuu Gurr<sv si<M®n§l Q&G&&<sfTlip zjl. u^m^u 
Gufrmtp @eySW/50 ^oj^g^l.uj QldgqgSIuj &ijld £_l_£1)l5)/£) lvl_<£ 
&<*m®jm ^mr5g> utjGu&w ^Gm—iBg]* ^qjgtt§j u&&ld $(H)Ldi3, 
^Gumm ^an&Giurr® ^(Lp£5g]$ g><c$r&&>qi)&)Gb 2-lL&[T!j& 
Q&iu$rrm. ^mrrGO <3i®j®st <sy u G u n &tf ld . 6urT<ss)UJ$ 
^{pm&Gfilojontsv. ^j6u<s&r Gu&rT<s5)LDUJ(TGb GLD®sr&n<S)S)<skr lootld 

(tp<5fr<55fl§XLb ^$&& &Q&&§J- " cf£<$/T/ ^dj®S((LpLD G^fTULDfT? 
(3)j5£U LJ{T€&lGtLJ{T($l 6£(Tlj(SlllT IT££<5V)g Q & 1T GO 60 & &*. L- K g> U ? 

G£}iSiiG}jm<sif f$!7Lflm& Gu&rrLD®Sl(rjj!B§j $r®si®s)®sT£> s^<omuL,^^^j 

GufT^U^fT? (oKSiipfTGfT, 

&ITLDfT®ftGlJlLJ(§LD, Qu(^^G^(sS\ <gj LD LD /T (gj LD GufT^l^§} 
Gun@$g>§I ^QJ®£J®S)L_UJ LDG$T6X)£ IDUp^l (p LD <Stf7\95 fiT <Sl5) <o$7 lB§] 
fB<sbQ(M6mmtf@6$)glLfLD Si 65762) U ILj LD S_OT"L_ /7c££) o5) (7J /5^ £37/7* 

^«ggu/rgp/LO, &<sh$$)<sviqLD &®S)$m& G&lulljld &^gsiqs)ld GiirrtufB^ 
^iQj(^(5mL^.iLJ sj(skrq ^§jldlS\iu &uL.g>£Gin$& 65sw@ ^j®j<zbr &$ 

6Slp&&(LpLD 9 LDGm§! ^6fr&&(LpLD Q&tl <omUL(f^^fT ®$T ^^(SOIJ GglLD, 
[g)<S8)<S5r$§l Si&tp&IT& ^ QJ <oftl L- LD ^Offfirtf LD<5GT65f)uLjLJ 

GutpGGiiaSisr® QLD<mnr)j <si//5<5<si/<sw ^&<°orrs£]LD i <gq®j(§nj®p>L-.m 

Q&lU6g}lD, Gl&rTGVgHLD SJGXJQST§J LDOtt&OS)^ Qfi'lT)fjSl^fLD Q[5$)Lp&' 



uuiuGU^^k (Lpm u&tf(£i(9j$<5b 51 

Q&ihg>®sT. ^dTGffLD Quit(bjS)lj Qu[T(§lS1 Qtu(tgip&§}. ^Gum 
^(skuGiDU, 8jj<sbTu($LDrr- 9 ^(LganaGiurr, ldS)lpGghi7 Giojmugj 
G^rrGmprrGurr^j eSias^tu ldg$t 6)<si/(Lp#£)£ff>iL/<55 Q&n<smi—rrm. 
&6$r®Slp &>m®j®S)!j& &>Gm(§\ ^(«sj^) Giurru. (LpujGfoGGiimr &iT<sb&>m 

^GS)\JuS\<o^lm^] <oTLpnr<o$)LDlUIT(SV GXJ(l^^^j^(5S)GVLI GurrGV ^Giim 

Q&{T<sbGV gtS) (/5 ld lS) uj Q&rrrba<sw Q^fT(5m€S)L-u5l<o^fl<mgy 

QQJ(offlGll!jnGS)LDUJfT(5b ^GUGm 61/0/5§>)<£ ffijfilgl (SfBPfLD ^oSl^fTOST. 

"G'LDGtir&iT! 2_<o3T|p<stf>L_iij rsGVGD (gjGmgbGingB £-®rr(SfruuL <si $ rJBgil 
Q&nr<sk<orrrT logo ^pL-Ginn ih /5/rcSr £_<sir<sff)OT G7GiiGUGfrGGurr 
<siJQT)S>£5lG6vrm! [5rr<sk Q&iug Qan@G5)LD&Gis)Gfr r£l®s)m&& gtgZt 
ldgtstGld u^rpj&jp&tf! (oTGuojmGLi uuL&>&>rrGg}LD sronm uiligm? 
ld n p r$ sb 60 n LD<m?\ujrr<m ldg^)G^tgS\gs)UJ ^murr^s jbi^^^w 
SjipG&LDUjpp Qu(Tf)r5 guLiuGsrrrGmGh. $L.<m®tfl l_^@ gv 
^LpSlGVG^GVLunr? (8j6is$rLB(sb(5in<soujrr? [bg^tg^L-^g^^ iSlGVG&GViufT? 
$ &pL$lp (&j<s8)rpr5$GU6frrT? &rrfilujLD Q&ujiljld ^ponLDiurppojGrriT? 

/f (oT^IO) (gjGS)pfBg6U6h? 2-®STQS)6$r fBfTGk GJGm £jg) 611 <sfil &> LD 
©<35/7(J)<Sff)LD(L//7c$ /5L_^d5G<51i(5W(5)Lb? g_ £37 gT)/ <5g) L_ UJ 

-QupGprTGDlJlLjLD 2-.Gn65)<S5IUjLb ^JLJULfL GJGM &rfGklU <SF(T&i(J^^\Gb 
^Lpgg G®J<Sm($)LD? &&G0 &&JB<S5)&>IL\LD &n LDGgGV)jGV)GULI GufTGV^ 
^(f^LD QgUJ6U IJ LD 6$) U UJ 77 'S) UJ £_OT<S3)<S3r ^fTGm £j£) Gil Q GlJ PT (ITj 
®J(ni)Gi$LDrT& /£<$£) 65)QJ&J58il GTGJTGS)1QD L-IU &tf 17 U 17 I7& &) UJ G LD 

Qiurr.yS)uj G&urfyfsbGnGV. u rr gjSI uj n S) uj <ST<offr«@ .fBpQurr(0m 
Qg!?luj&ijl6bGn6D. tB.nGm G^ulgh(§ld ^)G$ru&Gin@ ^i^juoSJ^u 
ui7&§>\ujld r Qu(pn£5 <gj$£lfr®$t— <si$6sr65rnGGw®n. Gunsm^ 
Gun&C-Q)LD; S-m gSIg^ujSs^go fBnm ^£\§l GuonrjuSlGo wlL&ld 

&6llg}J&6h G&UJ&tf 2-.G$IG$)G$T 6tiGS)$£BgJLD GlDGLl&jJLD &LSLG$T 
LDG$lJ&t5G$rrnh&, gJtikL] (£]&>$ GGSTGbr. *<g)G?n611&<o6)6fT QlUGVGVrTLD /§ 

Gj^G&rGprr® ldp^&^gS\Q\. ^gSGllgo, 2l.gZt ldgzild Gii^rs&jjLDLJUL 

r5n-GM67r5g<&&l7l?llU(LpLD Q&UJGllG5)6bG5)Gl). ^&tf&£§$OJLD .GTGkrprfGST. 

^i uGutr^j <sy gv g$)] G&)L- uu &GmaGfilGGflGiTfr)j &<sm<5s$fr gir. cm p 
grrGtnpriurra Gut$r5&§j. c gy^<^<syr c gy<^OT^<^(pun'@ ^)^}/«« &lLlsl 
<SHGV)Gm$&j]& "<J)d5/TOTL^/r<sir. ^gikghjld ^gst^^^^igo 



52 GlD(o6TcS/T 

urrir&p Qj/j/r«<J/7ii? } "^rrf^jfr&auipp un<s$ujrr£luj f^am^iLL. 

&J®€U<sbGVQJfT g)^//^/^ GLD<Sff&IT!®l<SLJGUm<Skl Q^fT®<SS)LD G&UJ& 

§jd%L„mrr&}\u ere&resassra Q&rr <&&(!£& Q<zugj&&rT ldgv /g 
€fdiGum^i ^>]§?i®LDfT& ^l(§ixqSlprrdj! &&&>®n$& &($S>}tu 
Guem&sh &ld§! «asr<siifflt_Lb <a//r<gjcin<s : <ss>iu <s?n<oiicig](oir/D^/t. 

<oSl(§wqSlfr)fruj! ^^nrf sir^<sSlm ld&\<&)ld<s$)UJ <oT<sk(5vr Qojm^j 
Q&rrd)€u^j! (&$lL®?>L-.lj Qupp suasr ®s>& <5jdr<s^mr eu(§u^ €T®st&(& > 
^jmuu) Q&rrQ\uu®nt5& xrT6muG& (orm&^u GurrgjLDrrm 

ugrrjjSlfpgj. ^jLjGunr&jj $rrm ^^jugSI&^ld ldot Q6u$m®sr®s)UJLj 
Gurr<sv $rr<skr €im ^iLj&r &rr<sv$$5l<sv ^j^juoSI^^jld ^jsbonGV; 
fi)srf? ^^ljoS/cS&u Gurroj&jjLD ^(sb^pfGv' <si 'on p u <sh . 
<gi$g>piii&L£>rrQST ^(smGurr® Gldul^^^ Gj&rrp&m ufrLDrjggj 
^<mflGurT6V GwmarroSlm ldost^ip l/@/5^ot. <sn§i®J6$)rju$l6b 
^jGum <^®$)]u®Sl&>££> <oT6m<5®s?)pnr>cE> §j ot u i£j & <off) m r$<s$)Grr€ii 

(Lfipf$g)JLD <3I®J(Gf$<oftU.lU LD<oST6V)g®5!LL® ^pGoj <QLfi$g>§}. 
0&lfir&£F>®$)QJ iUfTGljLD & (o$T GU (T & g G g 17 6&T f$ G£T . Lj^ffl^^JU 

LjmmmijSl^LD <31®5)L„${5rTffl; LDmGGiJO-p&lEplLJ Qu(§<9;arr(sb 
QurT(§iBmrr(sh. ^[b^s &(sm<o®$rr ^(nfjGffiGufTsvLj Qurrr£j&) 
GULplrsgtl ^OT>£_<3>s$)<syr rbo$)mg>&)§}. ,-gy 8jj <si/ gd rr uSl p &sm($\LD 
G&lLQ)Ild ^n^LUfTGiifTgii^ajm^Gm^j & > m®s?\L-Lb <s>j6S)<smajrT&®LiLD 

S_(5«« LD fl #61/ LD <SfrB8}IJfcJ& <g>j<5&Gu[T(§)LD <9> 6137(Stf) (S3T c95OTUL/(5)<g@ 

^Gu^iiODL^iu <^®$ f&j&<mg§>!<oS) (njfBgJ $ ®n®5)<sxT ®S) l-it ldgv fimpna 
£g)/p/<£# ®l_l^u lS\isl&>§}& Q&rTmru.rT<sh. *%&rr! ^di&jmGij 
cf^ip/SjS i3f!luj£b<55)£b <5i®srGLD<sb 65)6iigg}j<sh<oirr 5_/s/cS^D(5yr(5i5)L.(5) [Birsir 
6TW£lo5)<s<5)/j QmrriJ)l&& (Lpuj<sirGpG6VT! ^//5^ <s£l<oi%mJs§$\<sb fBfnsm 
Qu(§65^ s^uufT^iurrGosrm. ^fij^m <stw iSI<^Lp^<5^<snQujsb(5vrTLD 



urnhoj^m (Lpm u&tfr£j(&jg<sb 53 

^jdrGprr® LDmosfl^^j <sS\L-GQj<5mQ\LD. £§)<ssfl sr<sir ^)i QDL-iu 
/5i_^(S^)^£L//T(oi)a_/&/c95@5<s5)L_iL/ (Lp(Lpu iSiifliu&on&iLjLD &wurr§$*5& i !& 

cffiLffffffTgp/ll), gff)(oU<S /T gp/ Lb> *L_/_/Tg2/ii 67W ^^UU<cmfT(f^QS)L^UJ 
<Sl?il(o5)L_ci &€5T<sS}GgjLD /^)<SZn«55T<S<SiLD/rLl(3L_OT. /g /T 637" ^jpfB^rTGgjLD 

^fii&m un$^is}-uS\QGoQuj ^p&&)Gpm" Grdrprrm. 

GurTfrtfGnub (Lpg®Sliu ^ifliu (gjsmfiia^&tg) ^j(f^uiSlL-LDfT 
i£l(ji)&>§>\!prrQiu\ ^&it! rfrrnsm otsij^otsi/^/tot G&uj- <gjGS)6ar5£rTG}2!L0 
&_<sm<o$)6$TU Gurrmp n5p(gj<om(Lpm6rr Qu€mLDm$<o&m fBfiosr <s^(§ 
njrrttofjjLD ^rrem.LDrriLGL^sk-- Gimpirotr. 

£g) di qj rr /p/ e^/ <si/ <si5? (5 Giumsumu u(rFj6ii£§?)(o$rqj)LD, 
<gldjG)6iirr(§ 6U(5<a$f^|§)ci>. /#d5y>/5£ <s3®$iuri]&6i?)6fTLj u/prfil 

(S) UJ /T (/5 (SI/ /T Lj&LpGUgjLD, LD$lyp<SU§JLD, GlArTLfi'OJgjLD, 

<g>l(Lp<olJ&jJLDlT{u£ Q<9><S)5)lLl_/7<S5 £jg)(S3TL/£i ^§]U®Slg$(n%$@6MIT. <SH§} 

^tjGlojmu&tfLD, &>nrLD &tfu5}$o Gsufom^iGiDmu^jijo .^jgliit 
Bi^os)L^uj r£\®r>m<sS}pG& G&rr<s&p®S)<sb®s)GO. ^Gywrrnpj ^mffyrfGij 

(Lp(LpQJ^JLD &l£l $£§1. .<glGl]fr&1§f$<55)L-UJ ^Gft&lLjLD ^SUSgJLD <5p(§ 
&\P$l§}LD $<5^®J(ffiL-UJ<oSl6b®r)60. LDpp<SUIT <oT(Lg$&>l ^j p Ih! Q 
{Um&lLlLD, @/f?fL/OT U5)«c95 £_ (U /J<£ ££) /f) Si <5)TLb ^5? Sl5? /I L_ <S5> 45 fi/ LD 

Gurrm6®&&&rr<m(^<Mn&mty&&L& G&rrGmL-Gsrfr. 

^jLprB&jJ LJSl&GljLD ^<SnffGUQS)L^^§i (5<9$/7 (ofo/fillLI G LD £37<9S /T rSH^^i 
L/^/ L/ Q U 6m<5miT cS5 LDfrr&oSlLLl—fTOIT. ^/ Cl/ @5 <S^I) L. (t/ S^cSLD 

U(§fi)6ijprr)] ^Q<oO&rribt£ G&frmifiiu&jj. &f£G&ir®$&$nr<sb 

^<oLl(QI)<o8)L-UJ £-ffl<Sl!T(LpLD, G&&(LpLD L£/fl<g<$637. <SU^QST^^\p LjS^lU 



54 (5ld<5W«/t 

^q?H g)<su<sSI$$gi. &nrm cS¥fc/@ L8rsi(§w Q&mp &($<omr£j&<<>fild) 
^mr^j LD<$mrrmm &>drmm <§><sfilLD®S)p<surrdj& &&s)L-.&&6®sfl{b§iu 

rgl&ppp GurflmuLD ^£iu<siS)&$rrm. ^tiiGurr^i ^eunam g>/&g/ 
jjBn iL&en <3im$l<& up(5m®j&®nmu Gurr<sv ^^(smiSlfiliurr^i^^j, 

XL-<sSI<sorTLq. ««u/r«« Guit&ld &jrnuaS)$$rrfT&6ir. ^jfj^j^^m 
Gu@)Gtu &u$$$mfr. Q 0(75/5 G&dd Qp$<sSlGujrrfr &{5®sm<& l6)«« 

ID©g)Qia)L_/5G^/T/T GuiTGVU U fT <3F IT /5/ (g Q<3FlLJg] ^Gufr&m 

Gur5@®5)LDUj[T<5b, <gy <sij fr& m <gf<sij<58)<si]i5§j r5nril&®?rl<°g]LD rfl&ppp 
^jmum ^ntfu<sSl{s$<z&rr. Qu(§$Qg><oSluSlm gjjmr(^\^(sS\Gmr[<sb 
^GiKok iDrnssyGV G®j@s)6)rr&<ofii6V G>LD<$sr&rr€?nQj Qj<o£$rLq.u5l<5b gt><sij£&jj& 
<55i_/f)«OT)/j«(gLb ? oS)dB<DL.nrrfiLunr uiisifl® ®iDri-<st5)<5b /5L_/5<95 

[BfTL-&lij&(^<&(§Lb ^]<SV)Lp@§J& Q&Gvrpir<m. ^(oUfr^^G^L^UJ 

G^lmmiurr L-.<sh&<oS)(sn GujsbGvrr w &QjGsfla&rr3><surr GuitgvS} 
G^nrmr$ ep di Q Gunakan p il/lo G&siiGijGm sGu'GsFIgi&j] <si//5^ 
@S]^m6v&<srr ^(Tjoj^ii QunprT<sv)LLiurr<sv siiuSl^j Q<zuisi-&& 
^.m^p <su (/5/5^657/7. ^smiTGgjLD, §f,ld§! &§$iurrQ<svrr<9 : 65)ma(&j ^gj 
<SH§l3hx.GQwn GmQ^m^j r£l<s$)m£B§} ^Gufr&m sunrGfrn"<s6l(f^^<ovriT. 

^jGm<mGiunrrf ^j(§(5U(r^LD &1LI6VT cgy <sb> p u51 <sb g<svfl®r>Lbiul<sb 

^g)(75<&65)<S5lz5?<si) ®Sl$ <S3> <Sli <3b <5tT <5LD<35(g<rf7 <95«Wr«3>«53r«# &) uS) tl. LSJ. 
g-&LL<S$)l—LJ [$§]&&} GJGtTmLDfTUJU Gu&LULD, &LD&tf 6S\p<55)'<50 
^mpUU&&LD $lLiq.U Qu<ofTfJ<S^LD c9^/r5)fI/£j6)(75/5^/, <S>j6l]IT<5bGh 

Qld/T£^)/5^ G&rrpaanm Qm<sb<sorTLD £_pfr)j& G^lL® gu/^ot/t. 
^(j^Gufr u?Q^rr (551/(75^(5« an&gHLD, s^J^l^ld rSluSlo^^^lp^ 
[$lB®$ld LD<oS)Gviumuu GuqI)S>)ujg?s)8 > & &smL— gSI^g^gu^^ld, 
&rnjDn<oti)Gimj(f])LD &Lb(Lfi<oir>L-Uj GiK&ij&d; ^GGvrr&sm mantu ^£5) 
@&&)p$§l®) r£)<s$)pG®jpp £L.fru§$ G&rr®krL„mfr. ^6ijrr&(§rf)®r)L-iu 

€7€m(5mLD f§l(5S)pG<SllQj<SU^p(^ <S>1§J&n.60LA[T& 9(5 &LDUGULD 



^iprrLDfBrTGk @(5 Q u (/5^65 Q&!T<s$)60®G&£=l<zk Qu/t (jiL® 
GuiTfT&&rTi£l G&GV^rb&u Gurr& Gr&fr$$§}. ^gugst &$$ 6u&$<sS\m 
Stfi Gglsodsv Q&uj§i su^irG<osrrr ^®j(§i—m <^y6i/gp/£i> ^(su&iuld 
Gun&G<M<sitsriq-Uj$rTt£\ip{pj. <=p{Gn& - (ipmosmGeoGuj c^^5@©3><£ 
^Lh^Lp<m§j ^^cS/r/jjTjii, <gim$]fjQ<su @ld&h &rrffliu£<o$)& 
rilG^jpGojip^l qS\l-^ $ifum<o$f)&£b<5$rrr. ^prrsj) fBU<sh Gtirjrr&&m£l 

£_Gm<SU(n)f5$ <5TlL® LDGStrfi <Slf<SOT£Jj_c95(gjL/ L//F)L/L/L_ ^fO^JUD/TOTfrOT. 

<si?iL<s$)i_ <sSl(JS)t5&i} Q<su<sfiluu(§\(Lpm ^Gum GLD<m&n<siiL~m 

g?i5gi/ r5fTC-&6tmi!j <$qf) $lSIgi$(lpld iSlif)iuir$(7$r5GgrrLD. ^juGurr^j 
g__m<oS)<m <sS\iL.Q\u Gunr& ldgvtGll £jg)a)<stf><su. GjG^rr erm LD®n§)®3 

<S^(75 <sfi}{£ &<gfj<5 : <S0LD G^fTOSTS^l GU'6G)$<&£}(p§l. & 1T Q <SV Lp ®5) <SV G5) <SV . 
LDG&r&LD <jS)«« <S$(Sb6S)(5V. <5T<skm Q<SFUjGG116ir! GTGbrffJJ <3S<5ff37"c95<Sl)/&/c£ 

LDm§$6tT& s_(5««a)/r<35 ss) /5/565/ &^tf)l6$in6kr. GiD<sm&n &<sm<5®$fr 
<oSl®^§l gSIldlB gSIldlB ^i(L^§i &®n§i (Lp&@<s$)$ ^suofr§j L£>rrfri3<sb 
LfOfttBjB&rf, " x gjr£]G& <5TjB^mmr $rrm £§)©*<£ G<su<sm($\'LD? 
<5T6hforr@T. 

surjrc- GGu<58)6oQuJ6b<svrrLD <s*iQ$&idituj r5tfmm&(& > (Lpiq.n)& ) j 
G u n u*-, rsiranorr r£}<mjr)] iD/ry^esni) &ir6$)60i6}<sv <s>I ®j @) uj ld 
<a//5^/<si5]@S(Sii(?5T. /g <sy&tf<oij<o$)rru5}<sb LLGsran&gi Ggtpiffl&G&fTGm® 

&GU6&60UUL-„rTLb<sS\(n) -*. <S7OT/p/ c9^/$ «jy «SI/ 63) <SYT ^)(1£>&§J $)2)J&& 

*91GU6S)iGm—Uj ^<sS\fh^(sm^^l<sS}(§^§j sS\Q\ul- uiG&rLDtpfpGiJGrrrTUJ 
<gtf<5u<5V)<m ^jfgjau i3u^.^§!^ G&rrGm®, "^sirjJJ/r-©// 
rsir<o8)6rfULJ<%<5b! r5rr63)<srru5)(j<sij! <gi<sif<su<sn<si] <95/r<suzi) $m&m 

®l<SO(SOJTLD<sb <5TUUUI~& & ^ U-{ LD ? fi (T 6V)j LD 6%lL_ GliJBtBfT <5V <oT<ofr<oiSr? 

GTcZr'fpj Q&rr(Q)@)iu Qlditl$) mirip &s>.$G$mffl. " ^(/5 j5/7"«r>syr<s5#fl"65 
£jg)/£/fi)(/5/5^ <gi6®Lp&§!U Gurriu ^.mon<m ^rsjGss (S^Gyuu^p^ 
r5<sv60 Qj&S$ujrTm ^jL-LD ^&uuL-rr§i. $ GuiH^jld GiK&fats 
G<su<smis^<su([^LD <tf<m{prT<sk <SLirjfr&&iTLSl. 

Gw<5w&rr,"^<titfi3mm<str& Q<sirr6b<sonLD w&rr QurrGV<sorr 

tB®J!T&m. <gj<SlJ<Sll<SW6l] GuifllU ££fnf)<5V <$(§ Q U 688T l5) 6tT6ft err 



56 Qw<m&rr 

fl5ffi/«sfr LD®nm<s8 LDrrfr&mmujrrisiigj qj&§$iuit®$t ^)l_^@si) 

G&iiiJBrrdr. 

ailTm- /§ S)/5/S«S5 g£(75 @63)/D<Sl/ LB<5b<SV[TLD6b Q&m&&)lULDlT 

&tfii5§j Gurrw. &<suanGOLJ uL^rrG^fi 

Gun&jJ /J/T 637 LDfT^^fJLD 2-UJIT(SUrr ? 617(7Jj£56£ (o)u)<Sl?<SU/7IJD <2_/S/c95(g5ci(g, 

<»<gs Q/jO(S&su/rii) €Trzd&(§rf)&Q&n ? n^rr r£ja<5rr idit^^ulb Q<oitu$l®sxovGiu 

«^/^(U/TLOd) f£)Lp<oSlG60Guj' ^(l]j&&LJ lSlp^^l(f^iQGfOfTL£)n? 

/5/7gp/zi suJBtSfTGb §jmuiD ^(syjdsgjL/ un^lturruJu Gurr^GuD - 

67OT/7)/7W. 

Gurr^Dm &rTGm<souSl<sb §jjg)j *%ysm iS\m(5^m^^L^<m £-tL&rr frri)§! 
&fruiSl®GQj!TU); r£lmmg>§ ^jL-gS^sb u®<!k®s)&maj <sfilifl£§j 
@Sl®G®jrrLD. 6rulg)/fc£(sy5«@ cgyg/ &filuu($wnl unr'$& LS)<sb®n<sv. /g 
{§)©; au(nj$$uuuirQ$; Oiswif^gj ^friflos)^ lu'rrtSlipgi. [Brrdr 
Gurrdj gSIiL® ®j(nj&)G(pm- OTw/p/ ^iGiionGn ^mQmrrq$(Lp6mrp 

L$}i4-&^&Q&rr$m®, "$rrm £_(£j&<oS)<srr oSlL^Lorr lLGl-.^. 
fSPpeurre/HGuj &dr G&m& <57®&>gi& Q&fT$b<s£l& ©«/T<rfr<synL®ii. 

^QJ@/^L_£/ $UJ(TtULD ^!QJ @/«Q5^- Q $ ff) UJ JT gSIL-L-ITG) 
^^P«/T<55 /^fl-OTT/T {§)ffi/G« gjmuU U © g)/D£/ ?" G7dr/p/ 



undjGUgm (ipm u&jjrij(&j^<sb 57 

W$LDUJ&&L£)65)L-.r5§] /5<SS)<95cg<9> (ip<9ScgGc95/7 @ fff<ok^j) g>GlUfT 

uiTGULDt r5rr<obr GurT&n<sfilL-.L-[T<sb ££/<sff>/7 r&LD(Lp<oS)L~uj 

<£ lL ^ «dS /7^<S^ 637 <£ ^(SmLq.^^j <sfil ® 6LI (T gir . U<5mg®S)t£ 

w<omm<sm Giirrfrl ^6V)puuiT<ob7~ <or<ovrprr<sZr. 

GUQS)\ju5l<sb ojpir&ii; gr/?5?,/5<ggL/g)/<sg) L- tu a<sm<5isvtl<5b s$ndr u©ii>. 

smotk- (LjmoffGin&GjujrT®) <n$p&n&^<M®S)m^&6mL^&Qp§}? 

(oUDorsnr:- Q&nr<o8>60& (&,pp&8j]&&rra. 

aijjm- (&>)<o$) &&&}]) <3l®jm iurr®r>rr& Q&rTG6)60 Q&djgnr<5trr? 

CgiDOT<*ns- s^uSIfjrrSluj £„!h}&®S)<sn £_ t_ <si> /7 £) ju <oTqst<s^\l- 
i£\qi)f5&j i3ft\&)&tf ®Sl@)6iJ&tf Q&rT65)<sv& (&jppL£><5V<sv6ijrr! ^<sufr&m 
&>\Lp<sSl<55)Uj& &<sS\ujn6mLD Gl&iugij Q&nm§>\p<oLiiT&m. ^/5^ j5/<ftn/T(L/ii 
^(/5 urr lLis^qs)iu^ &><sS\mrr<omL£ Q&dj&ti Q&n<5mLq.(n)LJurr®sr. 
<2l{5®sm<sb [bitld <s>J§JU<S)5]&(gjLD &-&ld ^tsi/grw&rg; <5JUULq. Q&[flmu 
Gurr&\p§}. ^)^yr/5 $LDU§$&<o$)6irr FsnGuDGm i$ifl&&G<su<sinsr($)LD <ormp 

^J[J&&LD ^<ab<S5HS0GuJ c^/<Sl/@/«(g/ - CT<SOTJ/ Gu@) GLDSVrGLDGgJLD 
£L.<sb<SVIT<SWLJD(T&LJ (3l/£f)<95 Q<95/T<oW<3l_ ^\(3$8>K®T> 

sufjnra&nr i£l ^<sGrr53> ldilildit iu^ Gssnronrfyg <95<ssrg/ 
LDGS)(5uajfTLLu^i6l<siT LDgijjtDrrm <S)S)(5$)<smLirTLL($i<9 : Q&rrp&GS)<on& 

6fil(j)\g>&du LSlrflaj LDmLD p p oj mniug tBg&fGfil^&jtB tBiu&j&lGsnrm; 
2@i(S&(&)U Gurr&rrLLGV /$OT/ri/<si5?L_ rglGmmggiTm. 

^uGuit&j <3FrTLnrT<oG>Qjiufr i "<s*iGi— Qjrjrr&&rrL£\! @@<sy>^r 
GiKomuj- <sur5§] <sfi)L-L-§}. [5rTLfil6S)a lunr^lp^ (ojosrpfTff. 



Qu(f§$G$<sS\iuinLnrrm &<mrmmr& @)l£)lLi4.& Q&rr<5m@}, 
"tymi-iT &rru>rr! Gue&srui- GurB&rr®) ermmL-ir ? /$p«L® Gin; <nmm 
^tzu&fjw? sm(n>&t§u qpuu(Si6U Q@drip{T<sb Q<3Frrd)Go 
GGy6m!4.iUQjm<sffli-LD Q&rr<5vMQ&rr<sm($, umrGLnrr anGen 
6T($$$l£Q&rT<s&r® grrGm GijijG<siJ<sm<$)LD. oj^^sfrij^^ 
(Lpmmrro) s_o7<s@ ^eu&pLDnrL-n! ctlL® LD<s®sf! rruSl^!^(^ 
^uGufiG^ srmm <$}Gti&rjLD? Lomfl tyGip&rr®) &rrGm^£)fp§j" 
erdr/p/ atrjrfT&&rriJduSl&T &(t$it)lj($ild &j<5mmrLD &n.r$mnm. 

Guirmrro) G&m urrLprrubu Gurrih qSI®ld. £lotj«(o)<35ot<sw 
&;®jmm ujLOLDfrf <s3iLis^p^(sh ^)(§uu<oxi<sw. G&onSim <giGu&yi£> 

slz__(?sw Guyonan, "&fil &wiDm <$iir5§j q51lLl^§j. Guituj 

®$IlL($ Qjrr([i)iij&<srT. ijuSIgo @®jr$uGurTQrr!T<5b, G&gvld 
Qpp<swT€BGiun@ rsn^jiD ^mQ(smfT(§ (§ppoun(sfil ^S) 
®S)($)GQjQff. Gunth (oSliL® Giirr(§[EJ&m; gu(ijjldGuit§j <st<oZjt«@ 
mmm ojrrmj§>l Qj(f^o3iT<%m9 Grmprrm. ^GiiGurr^j ^Gnm 
&®!)luunr& QilulP^§jld ^ij^jLpsfrdj^ Q&rrGk$\uj§} 

aijjri:- G&<so^§$<sQ (ip&d) gpumm UKsbG&rrojn ldit ldulpld 

<SH u Q u mr ud mfl Q&mq- Qurr<sv <sy<su6V)£xr3i &(Lg<siSliu 
ujfTfgGum! £g)<ss)<g<£ 0^/T<5wr(5l oj^n<sb GurrgjLD" <5Tmpir<sh. 

fSiDaram- $fTM&m GrmGtDGV tssxsu0^l(f^^(^ih ^otu/t©io 
utp&ong ojlLi^iljld (Lp$G$jLnrr& 9(5 ojGmL^ajsnGij Q&rr<sm® 



<S>]6ij<oV)(Svr <ofi\(j)\j5&>} rh&frrB&j <3j<sum GuirGugiptgj ^o^L^g^^lmi^l 

gSIgo&i r$<skjpnr<sh. 

^/©^65 r£liSl6tyLD <oi]rTi7&<9FrrL£) Q<si/<sy5)i/5)<si> oju, ^i<su<miw 

&17 Lb fT <5V> 61! UJ (R) LD (oli SW 14. uSl 60 <5JfS\& Q <55 H 6S5T L- 637 /T . <SU<SOTri$_ 

HfpuuiL® Q&miq.rj6b (shiGL-^mon Q$rr3>&\& Gl&mip&tf. 



-x~ -x- -X- -X- 



^jU6ij 6p6$ru&}j LDG&sflujiTuSlipjpj. 6p(§ GuiLu^ 6U6mu^uSl6b 
S1//5JJ/ 6urr&<sSI<£ ££j rp r£j §zl ili cF/TLO/rs^si/ai/T Qu(n)i5(S&6filGS)Uj3» 

&n.6S\iU6$)Lp{£§}& £)c$/7<5w(Sl_ £_£l.L//7)fi r£l<55)Lp[5$rT 17. 

Qu(§jpG@6iS]iumLLnr<sh, "<§7<s37"L-/r/ <sii<5Wi^. ^KuuL-L-gn? 

<5T6klipn6fT. 

g,6$T§] &6m6)J6Zr §$(T7)LDlS! 6lJr$g]6lSlL-&<SRn.L-.rrgIT Q6U6kgU 

rflonatr^gi ^J6muSi &®n6ij &6m@)Q&rr6mGL-. ^g)®/5<£ GLD6m&rr 

&nLD!T<S8)61JUJ(n)65)L-UJ (&,IJ6V)6V& (5«ll@<95 &&61I 14.16) 60 LD6$)pr5&tf 

rilmgn ^6U(§6S)L-.uj Q&rrj)&®s)6n& &6u®sf\{B&rrm. G^uLDOfrih <sp(§ 

Qp6$)60u5)60 U($\{5&ilU QuniUl£8)}llSl6$\ 6lSJ(§^IT 6TT. 

(olU(!52- ^UJ6)51lLL-^J; «S7637W 6SlQ&<oi$LD ? (oTOT/D/T(57r. 

9mim-&ifi! *gjLJUUf.ujrT<ssrfT<ob Ljfpuu®r&j&<srr.-8aan€tv (Ssup? 

GuiT<5b6fil6b65)60. 6& . lS) . 6VT) K &S) 60 £g) 63763) /rj<£@, "^(gjf&dJCUfl" . 
[5rTL-&LD, <SlJfJ[T&&ITLB £-[hJ&ffl Qp6U6S)[TlL]LD < = gj6G)Lp£§J6V!J& 
Q'<9FIT6&T6lSTIT6br-6T6iTfpiTI7. 



^'C ^'' -'C •>'- -a— 

,8- ^«- -«-. -o- -^ — 



QI€l><5DUSfpUllL U)L<SMOTOTli) 

Q&rr($mL-.fTGfT. <^&&($(ifi®H S>l®uGfT§} &<mrojm ^ojonm /5/7i__<s£i 

ur?{f&& <stj65>Lp<£gju Gunu51(i7F)rE3>6S)iJDtuiT<sb } cgy<stf)c£L/ upn^}^ 
&\$&i}iD &r5G££&f£t O&rrmGfrrTLDGb &rrLDrT65)Guiu(n)<si5)L-iu 
Gl&frp&mm <g>]Qij<ffl guGm<s$)LDUjn&> LO^I^^rrm. Qu(§^G^<s^il 

^LD«@rfr(ip£4_si/ Q&djuju ulLl^(§^ si$§>rjf£]& sjtpu rr Cu^skru uf_ 
G&mDsmby ^^rosr^^^ &$&&!£) Qj(§!%)f9gj; <oim®n ^rr^^^Gorr 
G<0umsru^uSl(§<^Slfr)§}? 6Tg>g>®S)mGiun &pld "LSlonLp&t&jfBgGDrr" 
msifu urrnrggrrdj q5?lLl_^/. ^LpekGpop^^frd) /5/tl_«^<s3>^ 
®nGii^§}&Q&rr®&r(£\ (Lpuu§j Qj(f^G^LDfT ia ^l^gstg^^Guj 
^L§.iuni<l.&Q8 : nmmmt£Guj Q&n6b<sSl&Q&fT®o&S\ ^(Lg&tf mnos)^ 
g}G8)6fT&&lfprTit&®T. rsrrm Gurj<^<sb<s5)<50 9 .($iii&<sh Gurita gSIlL® 
€urr(§[i]&m; rsnrssr <si&&>m$u urrfr&&j L j& Q&rr 6misj.(n)&$Gn)<5k" 
&rmpnm. ^<mg,& (SslLl. Qu(n>$Q$QSl, "^£4./ &ftlg>rrmL%. Giliri^; 
GTqg$$q$jp§l GJ6$srui_ti5l<sb £Lil&rr rris^rTGb gifi&aLD 
Gurrdj®5l($igifQ§j, /£ &jpfnreSliLL,rrA F&irrii&t&LD Guam 
LDfTiLGL-.fr ld. GubGsr&fT! £§)<si/(sy5<55gj /g Q^/T<si)<oU^/ 5 <oT<sktfprrm. 

giceirarr:- $fii&m$rr<s$i G&rTGbgy&lrSfr&Gm; ^\§p(^Gw<sb 

<3$§!>}&wrr& fBrrdr <srmm Q^fT<sbGOuGufrS}Gp€ir? @}<sm<s$T&&rr! 
Gxifr(§f5j^m, GtoJULAan&turr&u GufTih<sS}C® ajtgGojrTLb- erdr^j 

f5iuu)rT&<g; <5faj$)mfT(oh; 

U&nwmwt- ^<5v<X)go $)<obm$v. <oT<s*r&@g gtra&Lb 



GUQS)<SVliSlpULLL— LD!—.<oU<SmmLD 61 

U&&g$d3([])UU<SlIIT&G$L-LD Sli^Si/ LD ^JULIL/LD <ojm Qup 

G<sii6m(b)LD. /f/s/cssfr Gurrm&m. rsrrGm GUfj<oSl<sbm<so - (oTzmrr)] 
ld /p/ Q ld n l£) & S)i_ij5)<oiT/?5) 2-fr}j§$mrr&8 : QfffT<sb<sS} oSliLL-irsk, 
Qu(f^^Q^<sS\ujLDLDfrm g>$§i fflLblG^^^jp^m <gi®s)p&®sxsttu 
lj > lLui& Q&n<sm® GLO(S$r&rT<oijL-.<oh ypuuLLL-rrtsrr. ^(§snq^LD 
Qj<smiiLu5]Gkr ^lLl//t)<$@<si) sl-lL&it frrBtBGsriT. 6FrfLDiroP)GijajijQ(Sii<offii}5l(sb 
GU€miSL^frjjQ<omrf® ^LDrr^irrr. 

sio©;- <j>/(?l_ ^rfLDfrf <sii<5muL &u.pa<o5)fju urr®n&uS\6$r 
®jifi\ujn&u Qun&iL(l)\LD~ (orsmpnm. 

(5I/6W^_ ^GlJGUnGp &L-.JP&6$)fTU U&&LDrT&^5 §?} QJ LD L$! \& 

G&swrtf)] ^//5/S)(75/5^5 <giLp&n<s$r &n<SG)<so<5toUJ <=2/<stf)/— j5£5^/. GLDGsr&rr 
gGMgj ^(5^)^ LD<smrTGfT<sin65r& &n~<5muGurT(gjLD f£)6m6$rGff)®srrT6b 

W6wQ®J(Lg&@)lLILD LDS)Lp(ol/ib Q «95 /T OTl^.® [B^U «ofl ^ £57 U gp/ ZJD 

@(5(oiS)cS tf^^GOLD ^ojott^j LDmS>l<sk ^(/5 (LpGS)(svu5l<5b GgrTG&rffl 
SIGu^s)m'(Si}(§^^\usu(smtsmLD £3)© /5 «Sg/. <gjf£j(§ G^rr<skf^\uj 
&L-$&GnjjuSl<ssr -^lipLijB 6umumu& «/7<sw, ^gikst/t^j ldost^ld^ 
f5fj lLl-qj)ld ^j^gstGldp Q&G$rp<om. sqf5&u urr lL<sv>l-u516V 
^uGurr®$)&>&&uGurr&j} ^jfjmsrQL-rf(j^ LDGsfl^mijiLiLD, 
iurr&rru5J®s)iQLDrr(riF) Gld/tlIl/t/t ojcmuLmiutL/iij «Als^/t. r£l<sv<si] 
ua5(S7)a)L/Gu/TQj <ot/e/@ld fS^ipfS^®^^/; £-£)«<& <3iLp(& > UL-.& 
&LD& l jT!jrRi&<ofil(5b ^<m&a&uQufj)!!Sl(n)r5$ SLbufiia<sfil<sb 

arr6mLJUL-.L- LDlm&rrp ®%ma(&j&<ofil<5ir 6utfl6?n& r£}6VLD&<ofrl<5b 

&(Lp£5&$(5V ^ (offifl UJ U Q U p p <o6)GUrj LD fT 6V) GO <SS) UJ U G U /7 <SD <S5 
<9Sfr6WXJUJL_L_g/. f§l<SVLD&6nl(oir QfBpf&^ ^<SO&$QS)g>LlQu(T<SO£E> 8>6GT§J 

QLD<skrmLDiLi[Tm &f5§>)!J lSIlduld uosrofifr G^GfiluuGmgu Gurrso 

&>®H§] Q LDGmonLDUJfTOtf Q [J <5m fil & GfT fT <SV ^ (Lp &> &> <o$) £5 GU /T ffl 

<s£@)&Q&rr <5mL(L(§^^j . c9>L_Q$)ojflcoO s_firarL_/r sw @<s$ /t<9s/t p/p/- gpgy/ 
^lQ<svdrgu o?£) LD<s$?l&>®s)iTLj urjTGit&u u®$Gft *%ysm$${5 grnsomL® 
urruLiu&jj. u itgs) s> u5l <sbr .&g>g>(LpLD ^ur£i&<$fr\<sm GuiflGm&.iLiLD, . 

<SSL-pUfJUlSl(5k <SSLDiJ!J(LpLD, LD^LDU (J^^^lm &&(JfiLb,-6&<5m<SttsflG) 
fBITLLuLUJLDfTULiU ^(SmLDff LD^UJ^,$lQST ^ ®$fl 63) LD IL/ LD @<a577p/ SktlSL 



g2 GLDGST&rT 

€£}®j(fluu&(t)(3 ^iu<svrr@ <$>(!$<s£)&lj u0wrT<ssrjp$$<sto$ 
$&fl<ss>LDu5)<sS)(r5!5&rr<& <SH§1 st^ojotsi/ ^muwir tB($4>&u> <s7<s%/ 

&€mi4.&§i GutfimfjSi^fBrr&r; ^$@a£l!JLD grrdrgmgj &assr6u<ss)m& 
&rr<sm®)rrQLDmfr) L f ^]mu& <95<ssr<si/ 8><mr® Q&rrmrGt— Q&<sirpiTm. 

Qu(§ff>Q&<z£\ ^GUfsfil^^d) <^UJfTLD<sb LL Si ££ «oli /T m 

Gurrfr&>ffi)&&®$)m£ : Q&rr®)<s$lujQjrrfr)j • ^©ics, Gusmisj. 

(3<95il<35, <g{Gii<srr <3l®$)& rs<s$rrprr& ^$tB$(!$r5&iTwrTmrr®2JLD 

GlgffloSliBjBtT&r. 

(LpQffQosTfT(§ f5rr<sirt5rr6$)]LD g><m§} dsgssrgi/gn/LD G&sirpGurr&i] 

«/T^STUUL_o5?(Dl)a)(oU; ^<sS\[J <3]§$6V <gJ<58)!TUUf£](g) [5 fT l£) ®f) & llSl <SV 
^nib ^j(f^QJ(f^LD e51.lSl.6)JD{T<5S)-6l) <gl<o5)L-[5§J ®SlLLL-&rT&6llLD 

Gg>nmrS\m§}. <s7<ssf)gyLb, ^Gufr&m Ggutjj ojiflujrr&u 
Gurr&ipnfi&m 67OT/p/ Gunm&rT r£}<5G)6$T^g(T<srT. GLDGm&rr ^^p^ 
(Lpmmfr 6$<5$r6$)<m& &(5m6ij<s&r Q & n (J) szn m m rr <$ /]5l_^@il/ 
{BfTLL&onmiLiLD, <jy/5<3S (Lponp &rr<m <su$jb iSlp(^ g<sbr®nm j5L_<gSs)iL/ 

QSlfb$<5G)8>lLjLD [£l GS) GSr^gjJ , cf5<offTc£@ <5~rGj£IT fiGOGO &IT<oOGlD j§) (77j £JD l9 

iSl(§uut5FT& ctswsW) ^(srf^ipu Lj > ! J r}uuQnL-.r5grr6fr. grrm 
6T£5&mmQmn- &L-65)€u&<ofii<sb &\mripn5l'<5V oS? (Lp /5^/ <a5) l_ 
(LfiiudrspG^^a^LD, QufTQj^rriT^i£\[UfTm(ourrfr <5rdrpuis}-grT<sbrgm 
iDm@$m 2Lir}jGftujiTGb ujrTGuponpu^Lb &&$^(nj$&®s)LDiurTGb 
<SHuGurr§} $&[rpp &&ld ^§jUQS)$ggrT iljld r£)<ss)<zsr£§]£ 

8>ipQuQ!}6$>LL UfTfJfTlLu^^ G&fT OTLfrsfl; 65 OT LDGmrTfflff @)<o5fi 



<sjLsQuiT§jLD ^®sr®n<sm <s*}<skurr&GGLi /5 £_<^ji/ sy irGfjmrriiLD, 
^m<55)<oWuQurr<smir) urr&&)iu6ij§>l&dr <5T®j(§ld ^)(§&& 
ubrr iLt^fr iraQm<sirfr)jLD $6m<osr&&>rrm. c£/©<£<9> Q$mq-u$l60 uitldli 
&Lq.&§} Lbifl&&uG>urr@Lb 9® ldgsFI&gZt $6old ojrnii&GifLD, 

QlDJ£QD& Of® <£lLL_<SyLb, ^ot£)<S$T/7(75 LD6V)6$r®!]l6mU LO<SW<55<5<Sl/£i 

fg}oD(muuQS)GuGurf(so Gld65t&it &6$t§j «/tsuujluSI/d S)i_/5<5 ^{jsj^l/ 
urrLD6$)ULJ upn^)^ &^1§}lb &$G&&\<k&nL£>60 w<s$r<$G&fr iLmL- 

@l$l? [5nrL£> ^juGurrgi] 6jfhiSlq^AS\GprfiD? <sS\~lS\. ®jnrT60 

<&L_/r)<35<ss)/T qjl£}iuit& Gldsvsi) Qjrs£®flLnmrT<5V ^ijijld G u n <so 

tBm&nrj <si5)<syri;(§<9s<syr ■$£.&$$$ LDmfl&m Gurr6d& : *L-/T<aS)il(5> 
<Hifip&}jQ&rr(5mu}-(§f5@®n. ^\$&> Lb profil ons uSI &n am^aS) w |§)0w(5> 
<s£lm&(&,&<syj ^(nj$g>®$r. (sumriij. r£i<skp<siiu.<m Gldgst&it , U $)§J 
GSl.iS.worr 65)60 Gurr60 ^J606S)6vGiu! GrmpiTGh. 

Qu(nj!5G$<sfi) 9 u &rrLDir! 6U6mLs^6S)iu (^<mu&&g>gi&(& > & 
QafT<om®GurrarrLD6b i3m u&&{£>§$60 6jm f£lfpj$§S)6$Trriu? 

GTmpfTGh. 

■ aMTicnr:- ' ■ ojrrrra&rr lSI ^jgijgSI 1-^^160 /5 ud <£<95 /r « 
^n^^(j^uu^niLjLD 9 i$mu^iLtT^'Q^^rGm GurrmrrGb (LpmGm 

^rijGa 6T$ffl6b^(§uurr6w^ 



64 (5£jD6Wc95/T 

&rrLDrrm®jiu(njLD ^p/s/gtew/r/r. LDn-efilan&uSIm 6urr&<sSlisSt(nj/5$ 9(5 
iDMUDing} tuanmu urrfr$$&rrLDrr<zn®j(Lifr, "iSlu^&i! gjiurr ctt5/<3«?" 
eresrfprrfr. ^zum, u *L.&rrGm $)($&£)prrfr; Gurnii&err" <srm(Qi 

&n$Gfr ®Sl®®jrrrr&m - <ndrpoj<ommTLD ^.il^pih n$65)Lp$$nfr. 
Qusmus.itl(§6U(^LD &\<su<s&v$ Q&nrL-fri&§j2L.L--LipLD §]<oG)Lpf$gmiT. 
^oj/rserr tL.Ci4(pLSl(§r5$ £l<so ^^drp ^mpamma «l_/5£/ 
Oa^s&su, 67jg)/$d> (pldot £jd/tl_l/ U14.&6H G^rrdrfflm.. ^surr^sh 
^ojpffflm ®jLfiiujrT& <o?$&Q&drp<5mfr. 6tiej(§ld LDGsflgGij 
65/TSMrLJUL_si5)(oi)a)SD. <s>j Gu fr&ffl GiDOffLbrr L-&®s)&> c^/<szt>/_/5^l5?ot 

<S*im]$£l(§iB&> UGO Q /5 (/J <£<S5LD/T637 «^V <Sff) J) « <Stf> (oYTcS c£L_/5,g/ 

QLDmQtD^jLD /5L_/5a5<^jr/r. tspGijGojirrr <£i®$)pu5)§2JL®> iBGm&rrri 
d5lGrr<!k(3j&m rBGfrprr&u t£l[j&rr@)£&}]a (^ « /7 <^£^ (/5/5^(537. 
uefrumuLjrrm ljS^uj pnp&nGSl&^ih, ^]LpS)iu G&rrurr&&(§HjLD, 
r§)<ssxsv& «6W<sOTr/7ig_«@5Lb, j^Ggrr L-Lq-&(§njLD, 6Tii](&jLD ffylG$)pr5§] 
^rrsmuuLLL^m. ^Lp&nrm 2L.imtr5@ ^rjg$<m &u>umiij&(srT gmrr 
(Lpd^oj^jtD ®S\m®&&uuLLL^qi)i5£m. 

& u w rr m ®j uj rr , u Qu(r^^G^eSl! ^^j^nm Ggug^ll 
G u fr iL($&Q<mrr m(§ffj lSIl-Ld. £g)ji/ <STOJ<a/6Yr<s^ ^Lp&rr uSl (TjdsS) p §j 
u'fr fr&>&rr iun ? <oKsbG(son(f^LD Gojo^ld QumL(§\& Q^U(smQ) 
(LpotrmiTGb GurrdjoSlLLL-rTiT&Gn GTmprrfr. 

6HJ45 :- c^^^/r/jji^syr SH®g>& ^1 on p uS\ <s6\ (f^ u u rr fr&m. 
^juuLq.Gtu sup ct^t«@ rg) p ld u <sy ld QgiilL&ld[T& £§)©« 
Slp^uua; fBff^jLD Gldg$t&!T6ljld ojrr&Gbua&LDrra Qj(i^S]GpnLD- 
<or®srrQj an.jjfiltu <sii<mr<smLD ^ljuis^Guj r£l65Tpn6rr. 

otudjts- «y/f); ^uuLq.ujrf<s^rnr<sb $mia^m ^dj6filL-@6$G(ovGuj 
^)g5/s/«6fr, $nr<5fc<s)j!jn-&<9FrTL£}u5}L-LD Guulls ij^&&iL®&mm Giirr mi&l 

Qj(§SlGp<ok. [buld (Lp<sku&&LDrr&G<su £s<5rrG<sn G u rr m <so rr ld - 

<ST<rf?p/T/r. 



<oiim<svu5)rbuLLi— LDL-Qj<skmLD 65 

QU(rps- ^uuLq.iUfT<sufT(ob «y/f?, @&&}[jLDrT& 61/ /r- (simpirm. 

<s$l(nj'[5& <s>j&np&(3)<5rr §i6&Lpf5£}} ub&nprBgj Gurrmnif. 

&rr&) .prTLfl<ss)a &\£lt5§l, 2_lLl//d<5@<si) gvptf frG ld rr csfi uj 

j^u^ASlpn fr&Gfflskf!)] &®sr<sfil$£iLD &$G^&iurT^\(nj$&> GLbosr&rr, 
j£®sr§} a68srGy<55)<o8r o5}<s$)!j<sfil6b arT<smu Gurrojgrra /$<^<ssr<£ji/<£ 
§ju^&§j rSl<sbrprT<srr. 

Giu<g>:~ GL£>m&rr! ^&& ^§)*-"> <st®j®j<5iitgij G&nf^&rr 

<gffgl&LMT<S8T &&LD OTOTSOT £g) (5 « © (D Ji/ ? <oT(5V(SVfT<5Up(^}l7)(^LD 
LD <S3T*<95 /T SOT <9HT[J<SWLD. Q U ifl IU <95<OT<S5ffT/T Lq.<SSGTffT (SD GTOTOT 

sluGujrr&LD? [bldg^ld /5/tG/jd r5<mprr&u urrrr^^jA Q®rr®rT<$n 
ff&ojijgvt Qc95/T(J)^ &<om<5$5fl(iT)&& <^i&p(&j r£}6m<sva&<sm<smiT uj-iiSlm 
^_^q5) <st^/d@? n5LD(Lp<o$)L-iu <3FrT$rrrr<5w GSl<sfT&Q(sSl(r^^§} 
S-dsri—fK^io Q6ii<oi?rl<9 : <9 : g&$<sb r5LD(ip<sir>L-.tu &nrf)ujLD ^& 
(sfil6b<57S)6VtLirT? <oT^u Qurr(f^m [5LD(Lp<ss)Lluj &<smr<o®sflp UL-nrLD<sb 
LD<s$)p$$(tj)&&\p§}? (Lp<sirG$rr<5krprr& ojm^i^j^rruSl^jLD iBm&rrrj 
<oSlmASlmrr<5b [Bld§J &<5m«mia(&>u q<souu®Slp&>rf ? 
^ ot /p/ ju9 d) <s*) <su . ^I^Gvrrrsb &<5m®s)<om&,g,rT<5k Q&($)g&j& 
Q&rrm£)Gpr7LD. <stot«@ £g)G)<5 susu/t u> LB/jj-i©/r)£5)<ri><s3*><su- 9® 

@®^L7c£§J)OT/T 9(5<S17/fll__ Q LD /T (5 (51/ /t ^$$\jr£j& <&i drG u n (J) 
/5L_/5^7<si7/5^/Td), 9© (5/4.6^ <si]rT&LDrT®trrr§}jLD <3i§i Qu(f§^ 

&&iBgn6k. ®j<SV<5S)(S0UJIT(PSnT<sij ^rj<5mLD65)<5$IllSl<5b U($>])&GS)<SmU$l<5b 

[BL-rsgrrGgiLD &aLbl<ob®s)60 - <5imprf<sh. 

Giu^:- 6T<m6vrL&. S) /5^ <9FfTLb^^ULiu<sk Qunrm<su®s)<m& 
&rrG<5mrrGm! ^<zu$vija(§ iunfjrr<sijgj Gj&it^&ld q6$)&uSl®S)<sv 
Q&n®&§}<s£\iLi--rT<sb ^giksvt SL-GO&gm^Giu LDpf3&®ft®®Jnr<5k. 

Cuj.©irJ-6 



66 G>u)m&rr 

Qurnn3mmm^mm ^r£]G&^Ji$& u^<sb f£l@i&8$ <stow$gi eSliL® 

<*n£jG&Giurr Gurrdj $L.iL&nfr$§i Q&nr<smL-.rrGm ^C^l^.uSIGsv 
GufJOJfrm! €idrQj ^&§>!!JL£)iT& GuDrrLfilfE&rrdr. 

" SL.mi&6(t ^LbL5]®niu& &rr<5mrrLD®j &^lLl-^^o ^(^Goj^sn 
G^i4- ^oDwSlprrGijfT <ojdrmG®jnl <oT<shprr<sh GU<$h)&&$®s)$ 

&[aj&fl($&$l(prrafnT Gojdrfrtf $rrdr (onli^uurrrrsSiGpcsk srargj/ 

Q&[7<sh$Slm ®j®fcrmrLD 'Ql/©/5 G^oSltuLDLDndr 6T§$rrl<s$(§f5g 

£)g5)g/ §$p$§! ^ULjfpLD €TiLi^uunfr§^ ®j<sm<smw, "<5j<s®i„n &ni&n\ 
$rnij&m GTGiiGUGtrGif {BrrLfiim&iuL-ni ^)r£iG& rglfpSlrp&jj? <oTfBiG& 
tq.&&L-®? ^juuLq.A G&rr®" <s7w/p/ (S65l1®«Gc£/7<3w(3£_ 
«s>^q5?/d@ ^uLjfpLD rBi—p&tTGrr. ^gyojsyr 4l<£<£lL.6S)l_ 

wff.iiiGil&Gl&rrism® §}(§ldl5) Qj(§QjrrQefT^fr^j ^\GmosT& > ^j Gibon&n 
^uuiq.Guj §\rpl§} GrBPLD $mpnm. ^<mfrd), ^HULjp^ Q<3F<skp 

Qu(f^^G^GS}lULDLDfTGffldT (dj JJ $0 !T §>}&£} L£> , & IT LD fT 6$) 6UUJ {?} ®ST 

(^ijojnrSlo^LD dlp@ 2-6mu.rr& ®5}<sb®n60. ^giioSJjbGld Gllgsi&it 
GpmmpiyLD ^fipJiLiiT^€ijmndj<i &rr<ob f5fTy§<5$)& fffmprrm. <oTO!(i^ld 

^jWSVFTg ^JL-gS^d) c^/IOT £566f)€8)l£>u5)d) $drp®n§>u uprfiliL/LD, 

GurrmGijfr&m ^(f^uoiS] ojgrrrgon&LJ upr$iqLD, ^Gum ^(/5 &%>« 
&oum)GViLiLD ^&&(tpLb Q&frsm($\ g&$<sfi}g&j f^mpnm. .jyszn/j 
{£rfL£)m& ajutfflpgy. ^ai(^<mL^iu LLG<osmG<SLi£5<55)<z8i (Lpm<o$fl§2}LD 
sgf§$&rrf^@§j. ^<sh®srQ&<svrfr}] ®S]®j[figgp(gj ^m<son&> 9(5 aS)$ 
&il<5mu(LpLD &[5Gg&(LpLD <su®s)&>&& ^pihiSl^m. &>rrm (Lp<sh<o$rnr<sb 
Q^m^j <57^rrl(sh GgudrifiJuj ^®np&(&jm otzIljll/ urffr&8>GvnijDrr 
67£zt®t}]ld 9(/5Q$<g srmnmrLD wm§?)<5b ^.^l^^gj. ^mrrGb 
arrGleoLpefildHssHso. ^<sum Qloo><si> pi—rs^i «sr^/fl^SJ^/g^ 
<5urr&®s>Gviua)L_rB& l j i£l£& <2t&&&G$rr® 2-lLljpld (oTlIujll/ 
umr^norr. <sh$& ^^pujib oS)&rT6VLDFTdj& ^nsmuaiLi^^}. 



OJmGViiSlipuLLL^ LDL-.oj<skrmLD 67 

^^p(^m(^LD ub<oG?lg>fr &n(5muuL-.<oS\<sbQ5)(oO. $rrm Q&djuj8> <f5<£<gs 
GgG&Ko&r <5i m u o?) &> ^rfiliurr ldgv ^(Sugtt LDm&(&jLpuuLD 
«^/<ar>L_/5£/rrir. (Lp$®S)<sb r£l<o$rp ^(o^puSlGGvGiu rffpu^rr, ^jmffi} 
(orS^iifiGC yGgrrGirffiluj s^^^p^^m rfj]&S)Lpr5§} ufrrruu^u Qqj<svt6$)]ld 
r$6ft<5m<^<smi—iTi6}prr)j. <stqjq5)65 (Xp£^<5i/*@d) <su rr ld k lLl.it id <sb 
<sy<sum &®LDntf)\g> SilGn&ggj ^si/siS^Gid §9/545/ $uS)6fy G$rjLD 
r§l<s&rprr6rr. ldostld GldGgv G&gvgv^ §jj(5misL.uj^]. $rr<mrih &n6$)(Stiu 
i3drqpLb £§)(y^5£5Ji/. ^foJGijnfrjj &<sD&&[£]Q&fT6mL- r£l6$)$ou5}<$b 

<5T§$ffl®Sl(Tf)[5& <gj6S)p&(&)<Srr QLDGb<SO Qj<SS)Lp^fTGa; ^^p^UUUGO 
<S7/Ei@ Q<9F6bGLlQ@<oVTU6$)g ^^UJfTLDGV LDUJfllS) $ 6VT p [T (SIT . 
<QJUU&a&$£l6£JLD <35c95<a/d5<Sr7- ^L-.UULLuL.(nj!pt5<S$T. ^ULlpLD Q&6V6V 

gul£) G^U(5kpG6J(sb(5mG0. ^GuojfT^j <5<£c35<s$<^g/ rglmp a> (/5 <swr<££§) (51), 

^GUStT <oTI£@& <95<3>6ff)<SUc£ 650" SWilj. «^//5^5 c S>/<Sff)/Z)<S@6Y7' OJ^nGsilTU 

^rs^a c55^(5?D(oi/ turrGrjn &nrgB§?l Q <su mil u5) <sb ^ /r stS l!_ £_ <o?r> ^ 
^(SWT/T/B^/Ttoyr. cgj/siyrfr 8^&mLq.<5V t gj®s)L-.&&LJuiLL- 8?l 6$ cm iu u 
GunfGvu GurfigjLD G&nuopLD, <gj&<3F(LpLb ^G5)L-.r5$GiJGrr(Tdj& 

65)&<S5)IULJ iSlGft&fi&rf Q&rT6m(j)\, "^Qg<ott<ttQu(n)£$§]<okuwrrdjU 

Gun'uj<sS\iLL-G{Bl Gurr^GiJir&m^^LDLS svijoSlGbGinsoGiLJ! <&ir£]Ga 

<5T6GT6$T & LD U ®5l £ J£ G g (T Q 3> ffl UJ oSl d) 65) 61) G iU f 6p (!$ G 61J ®T! 6TT 

LSJrrnrsm u §$&(&, t&grrGiJ^ gjGvruLD &wu<siSlg$(Tij&(§GwiT? ^shiffl^ 
^6ugs)[j& &rr<omnLD6b ^)Qjfr&<srT Gg($)£)prTiT&GmrT ? lurrprrTGiisy 

@L/ /Sg/ /5/TOT-^)<51/(S)S)/_^^)<SU 8}6$flUJi7& ^IpUOD^LJ U pffy G><S5lLl_/T<01) 

/5/r<o3T (oisircoOT LD^iGuDULfl Q&iJ(ob§}jG<oi]6m? goGiurr? G&uuguGld! 
®jm^j gtostost <^LU&>G&>rr Q$ftiu®Sl(sb®s)<soQuj! ff&qjl7it! $Giu 
&tf<o$xsm" (oTmfry UGOOjrrrnj <oi<sm<5ssri£liL(S\ ^prnj LD6m<o£)(5b GojuSlp 

&rT6V^£5)GV S)L_/5J5/ &tfLSL.<!k(&)LD LJ (LD <SV> 6U U GufTGVg &j]lSL.g§J& 
65)^<S^UJLJL5lmff^^:Q<35lT.S^(^-fil^prTGh. 

Uf]"LO)L (oTUUUL ®Sl6UrflLJLl&i]! GLDGpILD G&GVGVGVIT LD gTCT7g)/£J0 

<£(/5<sG><£/7® sy®Li®rT &g®Lja6V6n <£/(*£<£!§) ^(L^^^u unrr^rTm. 

<oTGV(5VrfLD ^LJLJpLD £ fT 6$- 1— U Q U jj) : G p fT L^lLL-LJ U lLG L_ /T 



68 GubGff&rr 

®)($!5$<ssr. &rrLn{T®n<ziJ(LJ(3LD, Quq5J&G$g£\iuwld(t^ld OT/s/<g 
G&mpirfr&GmiT? ®JLfluSl<5b<o0rr$(!5&& ^Gurr^m GJuuLq_ 
Gun-ar/T/T«(Ssy7/T? <$jGufra>m§! <s&@ GiGhmGurfmG^rr ? Girngj 
$®nm&§i $o$)m&>§} ^gugit <su($r5$i®$rrrm. <& uGurrgjLD 
^sw^o ^ajfr&Gfil<sw l% <oraiaSl& g>iu(LpLD G$rrGZrpG)S)6bG5)Gv. 

(^LpLDLSlUJ LDQSf§jLD U 63) £5 L/63)<9J<£3J fi- L_ LD L/ LD /T « (3l0637c£/7 

c£//5<§S ^/fis>/D 9® ^(L/637 ^G^pGufTGV ubla& <3\pqg>LDrr& 

&®s)m& Q&rTrfl$®s)GOuGurT<sirp ^(njGiirijaGfilGir Gin&uSlp 
Qun(nj$$uuiLi— uSidr&rrrj 6i5?6Y7<$(g<£6y7 ^Giirj^Gm^ ajp&G$)GmJ 

QufTQ)GljLD $&fy&$p£ : ^L^IJ^GIT G U R GV (SI/ LD LJcSU Gll(§Gmfij^Glfflp 
<W6OT7L/UlLl_637. <S£(5 (Lpip S_(U/JLO <S5 /T 6537L/ U lL L_ G) 61/ (51) G) (SI/ il © 

G)LO<§62na5, ^iGm^^Grr, <g <ss> cu (L/ <sb) (SMTcS dr (Lp^G&iUGiipG^pi 
Q&rr<smL„ 9© 55/5^5« &lLul.gv ^(njpggj. <^&dr l£§j ^LpSliu 
Q6iimmm r$p& G&rT&GUGinGViLiLD, Gm^^n^uSlm l£&j G)ld<si)<s$*l/ 

GU (LD GU (LD LJ U /7 637 UlL@U G U fT IT GF) Gll LLj LD 65 /7 6W7L/ L_/ lL*—637. 

LB(sk<sFrr(j o5)£)/r5)<$6$637 &Lpp@)iLHT6b @6y5)/7/5^ ^jGsfliu s^np^u 
S-l^ldlSw {£ rr <£ Si iu qj GmGm l£J ([f)[5ggi; <57iij(&jLD ^(j^GuiTGWfLDfTGm 
LD[Ri®n&u5l6m ui^fii^^LD gS\ &> n ri ld rr g$t u l__ /i/ # (6Y5 /i &i7Gmu 
l/£1l_o7. tunojponpiLiLD GrBir^Sluj Gldgst^it ^&j G^(r^<3SfTGV 
{BfT L-&5{B§$<oZr &>mLS)Lurfib (@$mrr&) ^)(5«(g(SLDf7 Q<sumjr)j 

[£lG5)GW£B§J LD IL/ /£/ S) 637/7 6Y7. c9//565 ^ QS) p u5l GV £jg) (§ /£<5 

G)u/7 (§iL&mm& «/rsw ^ gu (^ on l_ uj G^&ld (&j<sir(i5luj§j. 

c^/S/£)(75/5^ 6^(5 (SLg.«/7/J^@637 63)c9S696Y7 L/656$/ LD<oW? G[5[X0><5ti)&><3 : 
cg*//5<5 L065/7 U UJ fij & [J LD 17 6$T [£l G$) GV G$) LD ll5) GV 6£ (/5 656561/ 

S)iU2.Qrr6iT(iri] $p&&uuLLL-gj. GwGm&rr $($\&&\iL® lurrfr 
GupuGuirSlprTfr&GGim QGu<skgu ^fcgu u&&$<m$LPurr fr$t£n<sfT. 

<3]®£B&> QfBfTLq.uSld) G>LD637<35/76tf)61JLJ U fT frgg] U L/6376OT63)c95 G&UJg 

Gu&GwgG&fT® 6£(/5 Quj6rr<siimLj u(^qj LD^LDLD^iudr 2L.<srrG<orr 



iij]65)Lpr5&irr<ovr. ^j6uqd6w& c95<swl_ (pLD<m&iT6]S)<z$r&ii ldgstld 
$pu<sij®s)mu GurrGorrmrrm. «^/«si/^^l-il/ SfIptld &Lp6D 
fff<o$xsvr($<surT Q6u<skfpj $®n®srg>&)i (Lppr$(og]LD §$m&£§j<£ &<sb(5vnrdj& 



\ V \J> \±t O/ O / 



7-aigp cdi^B&nmb 
a&nri£flfl <sr5ap u^pjfes^OT &nr££a5l(8iu! 

(SUfBg OJfJITS^fTLB <gj$£lG)$}<o5)!J6l]n<3; 6)3 lL L%- p (8j 6TT §J 6V> ifi^^fT 637. 
LDGbG&UGLUT LDfTLDULfiLD fff6S)pi^^ 6£(H) g/> /&/£)/£) <3fe. <Sff) L_ 63) (L/c$ 

^nrsdS}u iSl6fo®sm<sb si/ /5^ <^<smL%.&&rr pm <gj®S)g> Gtnouggj <si5)lL(J)<§ 
t&®sr&)} &s>.<sS}®s)uju Guptru Q qj <o/f) u5l p Q&6mprrm. <s*f&p(gj (tpcsiir 
^Ijsm® fBfTLL^&frnrdj GLom&ir GiLGm&rr ©si/sar/p/ §$iurr®ffLD 

Q&IU§)I (5/5<95 <51/ /J/T <55<5F/TL6) <J>/0<9S ^ L_ QJ m6W& 68) <9$ & « /T (SWT (SI/ LD , 

^GiiGmrr® $®fi<ss)LDu51<5b Gu&gijld Gufjrrojtsb Q&rr <smis^(j$r5$rr <skr. 
^gGvrrGV, <3i®j6$)<ofr&> G^isj- <spd]QQjrr(i]) <symipujrr& nj]<ss)Lpri>3>iT6iT. 
^}l^.§juj-^^j^ G $ it m fjfi) uj <£i Gu angi &<5m&Grr ^siig^lL^^ 

6£<Sl}£)<Sy/T(75 £Lp<S5)<5Vu5)6£JLD §J<S5)Lp[5§l <&[545LJ Qu(T pUK 6S)<SU6mU$ 
GdgliL UJOS) (SU {BgBGST. ^<S37 &lL<5S)L- (Lpg><sSllU 2_<otf>L_<SS<off><Syr<£ &LplT)!l$i 

<gj Qj p on p 6$)6v&&& Q<9F6bu6ij<sk Gunsv <s>j «si/ <s5t £>ot 
u®&m&ujmp&(§<ffl Q&sir/pj ^J6xj6)S1l-^^I6V Gj&is^<mrr6M. <^6ii6rr 

6Jfi](&jLD &IT6mUUL—QSI<Efo<S8)60; G&IT LD6n~(LpLD, Q U^^G^Gl^U^LD, 
UD$£)Lp61ipp 6ll$6mg>Gt£rr($\LD, ^6U6sflL^L0 Q 6U fgj U 6$) U & 

<3SrTLLuj.lLjLD, <gj6lim 6lir5g>65)t£U QufT(r^L- U (jj)<g<S /T LD gp/ LD grGgrr 

^/g^/si/si) ^(^uu6U6mjjuGurr60u iSlg>&®s)mu un^^ium 



g)©£$«*. gK5**/r* ^m &&»* ff™® u>rr$cSlL-rnu 
G&rrmr® «filu».{D@ <3«J«9«fld Q*&$<$uU(TQ&nrQ€um 

^euG&>fT&§*fi&$§l. &*rT$filu>iTiflL-.&$mu>65><xre£l GiutiGa 

#l$$m*>UJ fgl€S)GVuSlGb 2-GhG®T . 6U/5JS/ SM©<?/?) U <SU <SB> «S ClS) (51) 

a-iL*rTitp§l, "G&rriLirdf" erdr^j QLn§i®jfT&# ®$tu Guonuj 

G«£l«svo5?a)OT)(^. *sntoj@j68)L-tu aSltuuLjLD, Gaj$<snmuiLD 9 
^®u§2JLD tgiurrpLDrrdju Qu(§Sl^sr. 

^uGurrg} &itldftgs)<o1Jiij!T &6U®sxsv Qarr<sm® gwtl^uj 
Gu$asr{B§iL-&T6ui5gl G&fr$$rrn. $mjGurr§}iD qmmoD^ G^frmru. 
&rBG$n®$wrrm (Lpa&G&rr® Ggrrm^ib ^djQj6b<s»rr& Lj($®$fr 
^onpj fcii^.&<s&<5J§)/D(g> sSlGffft^iLR^ ^djGurrg)] G$rr<sk$uj®s)&& 

&muGQ§§Zqf)iJU{5ft& GWjrtTs&fTdSl ^(§surripj &$Q&&l$g>n®H. 

&_mQm- <oU?5& &{TLDrrmGiJiuiT ^Iijldugiild ^6i]G<sorr®, 
"^Gl/ ®j$fl®&'rrLBl &fii®£$&<sn$vr Quj<sb<oorrLD Qu(§^G^oSl 
Q&n mmrtmrr ?" GTG&TfDfrrr. 

dFnuDtr:- Qu(§^G^^1€^oj <S>i ®n t£ &&H & G&<srr. ^us. 
Quq¥>jJBGf5$8! ^jriiG& ojfr - Grmrprtft. 

Qp£g5 *2lL0LDir®rr 9 " <57<sbGvrTL£> $Gm Gl&rrGo. <nm&(8) ^mQ& 



euOTTs:- <9=rrLbrr! ^s^fT<ok Q&rr<sb6Vi—rT ; GT<skr<stt 
^guGgvit® G&iLi—rrm. 

^<swl_/t<$S)c& Q&rr<smL-6U!jrTtij 9 "tSyuurr <su[rrr&&rrLSl! n>[r<&rGT<m<ssr 

(o)cFfT(5l)G(SliOT/ (Lp/5^fT/5/T(Syr piTLD L/ /7) L/ Lili® IJu5)Gp]&(§& GufTOST 

<sii(p&rrrj(TLD. zusmu}. Qjrr&<5£l<5V r§}<skp@iTLD t ^ysiy/r ®j<smLq-<sv)iu<ofilil. 
uj-fprij&rTLDGb <spq^ G&Qj&®n6$r £-.<sfrG<sn ^GniuiSlosm hit ld. ^j<sum 
2-fflGm ®j$§} is^uu^ «Qsi)iL/T surr&s&Gb GulLl^ <oU<omu)-ii5)<5b 
@)(nj[5&t5rT&6iiLD, GLD<o$rarT6$xsu& 8^ui3iLl-.{B!J&<o*4Ld Q&rT<z$i®sm 
mniD. 2-i— Gm Gldgvt&it- Q<su<sfil.u5lGb . Gurrdj ^U(5mui.uSm- 
u&&$$£i<sb r§l<sir(jp] <s*l qj G p rr ($) ^ <ss) p n> rr l$ gs> & <suGS)rjiS)<sb 
Gu&\&Q&tT6mui- ([ijrBgrT irasrrrTLD. l5)/t>@ i^uiq. <sQ<sD«i_/T 
®j<skn%.uSl<sfc &€b65)<su&> §?)/£>««, <£/ a/ <6g> zi> <§j/$ (oumri^i^m 
2_iL&rr frf5&>rr <smr ld. g-L-G®tr <si/<smu?_ Qurrdj<oS}L-L-.£rrih. ^<surr 
<2l6um<srr srfhjGs;ujfT<5u^j <=2/6ff)£p<£j$/<$ Q&nr<5m($)GLjrriu q5)l_(J)<£ 
$£1(§ldu<siild Q®nr<m[iTrBg}i ®Sl($)<siirrQ[jm(ipj ^)<su/t«sfr 
rSImesrJB&rrrr&miTLD. c9/<oi/<rfT §$(TFjLDiS! gijfjGoj ^JGbtfnGO. Gfsiry^j 

(Lp(Lg®J§JL£) UfTlT^G^lTLD; ^m<m(LpLD 61/ p®5ld)<S5)GV . 2GH(nj&(&> 

^<s$)i£&§}&Q&[T<okr® Gurriu<sSliLi—irirQurr<s®(n}&£)rD§f. s_sw«@^ 
d5 /e/ (5 S) /D /t ii/ €TGmu^} G^ifliungj ^Gv&ujnGb, <sr/5<5 <5Sl<sorr&i&§i&(8) 

<^/@/UL/<Sl/ Q<%(S37gf)/£JD ^/gCS^^^OTT^tSO <g{ U U ISJ.& Q&IUILJ& 
&hLL~Qui]<sb<5&<5V. (Lp$&ff fBrTfofflUGlj, G/5/D©/ (Lp(L^QJ§JLO, i^-UiJjL 
<55(S)(oUd51_(5«(g G<oU6mLq-lLi ^JL^QlJ)(5b(5VITLD G^IS^U UrrJT^GgfTLD. 

<3f®jrr&<srr 6T(£j(&jl6 &rr<smLJUL-<sfil<sQGto<so! ^/si//r cjj/<5i/<s3)syr 
3M(nj<&(8j£5tibrrdi r ^<s®i£&§}&Q&n<om® G u tt uSi ] (fifj&& G6U<sm®LD. 
^csBT/Tsi}, <s>JG)jiT S-rnGorr Guprrr ubGgjLb sTsi//fli„^^)g)/ti) 
Q&rr<5V<svww<spiLD Qu<5m<s5)<sm ^ongg&tfuGurTGvr&iJLDs GLD6vr&rr 
<gjuui4.Gm Gu<mru^u51(ob Gjrfyu Gurrm§]Gw 6u.(nj0>£&iJbrT'& 
S)cv5«S)/D^/" Grmfprrif. 



72 G>LD<off7c5S/T 

G^ffU(LpLD f ^S>$>)fj(LpLD s_<smi^mSim. ^su@>/<s*>i_cu G$&ld 

cy/50<a/dr, g)/s/C5« ^drosflGiurrdr^LULDfT uS\($rBgi<sfi)iL®u 
GufTu%($&£)prrm. £§)<£/D@^ cgya/@)/«<S ototot £)£]&($ 
Qjr5§j€S)ilL-&]! <5jmiq. ^««/r/ ^susyr £L. /*/«<?$ a) ujrr^L.^^jLD 
Q<y/Td;<si$)i Q&rr<srrmrT LDGvrr - GurnuaSlL-L-irar?" (oimgu 

u^dyluSltsb 6S)<su$G$rr LDGVGOGiirr ! ^sikst^odl-UJ u&lL®t>L-.& «sw® 
^&p(g><sh /§u/zi LoSlLpfSgj GurrtijaSlLLi—rTdj. ^^mnrd) ^//5^5 
f$!Tdj®(&j 2-.&&1 (§<sfilfr^ GurnuG&Ll-L-g]. £-<5m&s)](oV>L-iu giuonoju 

j^i7^lUiT&3 : &LDLJ(T§>l{£§]& Q<95tf<SWL_QJ (gjig <5Trhl&(G>Tf)(o$)L-UJ &IU61J 
<S7<5$/T)(<5? <STrBJ&6®L-.LD SJOT Q&IT<z£)6£t6lHT&T? (o7<o37/7) /7 6/7". 

GtDm&;tT<s3<5k lE^jld <3iL-&&(Lpiq-iurr&> G&rruLD GumiiS) 
Quj(Lpip$§i. ^i®jfr&<sh iurriTfTu5l<oS)iLD ^uGun^j <n§$rrl&Sl(iT>rB&rr<sb 
^ojarr^uuL^Guj &&&&1&&K [gi LSlLfJ^^l^uurrm. tgjeuftpje&L-iu 

«<SOTW?(aU ^LjQufTll^ U(T)$g>§]. " ^jfigU lS<S5)L-.&6fil<skr g-pOLJ 

(Lp&^§$<sb <sS}Lfiuu$£}<sbQn60! &®sfiujdr <<gy$ujil.Q)LD" <s7<sw}/ <SHGu®n 
£-nr)j§$iLiiT&& g^rfilmirdr. GTGiiojGnGojn &uitit&- G&ujsjj GfIgo 
/5/rLL«95|gf5<K@ (LpmsmGrr Qu<o£$r<o5)(o$sr& G^fKswrr^^j siS)l!_l_<si/ot, 
^(/5 Gurrfj^^Gv luirG^nf^ &nr $<5m(LpL£\®nii$\ ^i<^s)ip^§ju Gurr& 
GoLj<amu}_iuQ^mm QojmuG^ <SH6u®sr&,i lAsmon^u Ouifl^jm 
Qj(n)^IJ£}iu§j. q3lLlsj.<s6}(^^ GojoftGuj Guna ^fjLDLSl^^nrm; 
^mm £§)*--£J§)/D@u GurrSlGpir ld; <oTQJ <sx/ ora/ (5/5/jld/t« 



GULpliun&u <s$)U£B§$iur£j Q&rrisifcrL—GiJGS)<s8ruGurr<so *gj anso /s^jj 

&68)L~@luSl<sb <55L_ p &6$)rj& (g u GunujS 1 G & it [5$ n <s&r . $6m<5ftfiifl<sir 
<sprjLLnr& njL—isgi Qf5®^^iJlJiD G&mprrm. ^rr^jih (Swsm&nGijLD 

G&6V6V, ^jQJ(^GDL^UJ G'<5UUI_&<S5)&Uj'lT61ff G&tTp&fGfljLD, <S>J(6]j&- 

&g<s6)$uGurT<so ^<M<sh Q&rr(Q&& @6vrr<5filg gmGmiT® G&iug 
dSlonGfrtuiTL-Gb&^LD, ^gugyt ^Gkonm ^uSl^&tdjuSljjrr iu r£l6$)mg>§} 
<gl&S)&& G&iuGV&Gfild) &n iLiq.toJ${&<5G)tBinLb 9 ^gugSIl^ld fflanmu 

L^lLu^lU^j. tg\G)J<§r!J®S)L-UJ <g]lfluj (Sj6m(LpLD i ^jjpr$^ &n$6g]LD 
Guifl&jJLD GU(§@gg Q^/TL_/EiS)(o37. 

^GUGiirrnSl(3^ss(5iidr^iT(siT ^<sv6vrrg anr.608>£$<sb €T^]frurr(jfr 
qj ®n & u5J gv rsL-pg^m &IT rr6mQLb<skr®si <5t<oZtu<o$)&lj upr$ 
<oT@gGr>QffGiuiT (Lp&np Giurr§\&§i £-<sm<58) logmu ^if^liuiDniLi—fT^ 
GiKsvrrrujg &($)ubiTn$lmrr(5m. G&mp <^q^ (Siy/r/7^@<5i? ^sinsrr f£L-[5&jj 

Gu'rr&(LpLD cg)/<si7@/<?zr>L_£u LD<m&$(sb ^^umniii^ Ggrrmrfyosr. 
^GiidrLS^j ^gugst Q«/7<swl_ G&rru(LDLD Q<svrpjuLiLD ^©a//rg/ 
d5<s^<si/<s3)L„/5<95<otfr. ^/TOT^si/siisyrsi/ <sfil®s)[j<5iirT& <g{6i]if&<5if?l<5vr lB&jj 
Q qj /p/ u oh u ilj ld Garr u^65)giL]LD Q&rr<om(£) ^j(surr<m(^GS)L^iu 
^pGDGu ^rpGsu <sSl<so&$\L- f§l<ssxssr^§j i3&Q&®*r& G^fTm^uj^j. 

jbjrm u®s)&&s)LD u /r jjrr L-Q)^<sb 6p(Lgr£j&<sbr[r)] <oT<osr $m®n&>j5rT®n* g>6® 

LDGS)GST(5SluS\dT ^JLp(&>LD, <^6&) & ILf LD LDfT§}ff\UJ (g <5^5T(Lp LD 

uiq.uuLq-iurT& ^Gu&nm QLDpG&rrm<sfr ^uldlSI^gst. 2l.l-G<s$t 

^OJGST <S£(TF> (5)5) <g £D /T GST £-g}/@ Q&l76m® §j) ([$ LD l5l 

$(njQj<£<sSI&Ga<sis$.&un'ip&iT-Gn<M& /5/_-/5^/ G&<okfi)j 

L^UUj- «£)<SUd5f_(/5<95(g} <=%>! QJ & [T LD IT &ST <95/5J§) G UJ IT <5&T<o5) tp 
<^^L/l96i5)lL(J)<£ 8?!((]jLDUG> gGSTgl ®3LlLS}-P(g) GUJ£$fTm; Qu(nj$& 
fj£)Lp<SlJ Q5?(Lp/5^ (s3lLl^.p@(SfT §JGT)lfiU(SlimGiruGufT<SO^ §JUJfTfBJ 

G&rr&hrL-GiimrTiu gjGnLppgj &>&n u@am&uj&r>p&(§6rT G&<sbrrpj, 



y 4 GLD(5$l<&fT 

$u>&1.$$& ^enm§j we®S>$eb Gani± eiemmffii^m tu$i$$m. 
Q$rrL-4>* (ifi^<sb gmerflum u>rrprT$ ^emquek u>™§jp<&&p$ 
®£l^wrrih 9(lo£> eu{5& GiDmairaSlm euuLeuLD, ^juGurrGg 
^(p&men e£lfl$$i $gv&&@ld ^fTLDe^fjuGufrev, ^euerrg] 
G&rrp&^LD, G&iueb&i&LD, $(§LDup ^©iiu ^eumgj 
f$mm®$leb G$rrm$m. SrOJifleb Lorr lLuljulLl^^^^ 
^oj^es)Uiu q<oZ)&uuL-£<o5)$u urrrr$$fTdr. auuGesr <gjm$ 
€t($\&>§} s}(§^®> urrir&&G«M<sm®LD erek^iLD ^®n& 
SL.emu.nruS p ffff 9 <gjGs>$ <ST©£g/ ^l&^P tSliq-$§l fi-JD©/ 
G^ff^SlmfTdr. LLm§i)<sSl($p& <sSl&em$®s)$ (ip&$$<m 

qm<mes)&ujrr<5b wQS)puu$rr&g> Gprrdrfiiu <gieueuisL.eu$$m 
eu$esrj5em$& &<mr<5^<mwui3dr$ GfBu^^^rrrm. ^evpuSlm 
Qeue^u5l<sSI(rs^fim^^rr^ifiiLnrif^^€^mu urnr&SJiprrrraGmrT 
<ormgx $($ldl$Iu urrrr&§} ^rjnuj&§) Q&di§i ^H$&u UL-gS^p^ 
g^(5 (Lp&gLD Q&rr($)g£rT®rr. "^«/r/ a-OT^or ^rifGufi® 
^u^nweo eu(§^§jS)GpGesr eret^j /§ gSI&gstuulLu. ^rreo^^eb 
(oT(p^65 uL-LD<sb6V®jrr £§),£// $_ ereiseuenei^ grrdr Lnmp&& 
(Lp> IU (ok p FT g)/ LD 2_CTT qS)<J6S7LO /5 «sw p /f CL/ <S5 ®^rf?S)/Dji/. j^nm 

&_ekemimuiLJ wonS^m G^fremu wrrpp (LptuegiLD &LDiu@fi}}<sb /§ . 
<sT<53rOT)OTroS)Ll(5)L/ Gurr djefilLLufrGiu! ^e^Gweb ^me&em fBnreir 
eruuiJL, *£fes)Lp$§]& Gl&rTfflGeue&r? "<ST®srpj LKSveurrjrjj 
v ejmremtLblLLQ} ^eum eu(njiB§?i£ £)U[5£ &LDUJ&&$6b, "euTjtgj&mB 
^iiiuiff euy^&mB ^djiuir! " ermig] GfiiLu^m eurr&eSleb ereuGemfr 
£_/r«a$<& ^<si5?il/ <s$e$)&2-6murfuS\pfr)}. s^euek $®&^lLQ u.(Lpf5gi 
Geue/fluSlp Q&emfr)d unrj&»& i G^eu^Gonfr^eum ^(/5 4£J5§?les)Uj 
fibLLuLmrrm* eu[jrr&&rTL£l 6&aQiu(Lp8}&ij<9 : Q&dj&tf ^eing euufijSl 
LB^rs^^euGeviT® @/7)/5g/ UL^^rrm, ^j^l<sv^Lq.u5leb gikt^ldu^] 
oSIo^ujld GT(g$uuLL'iSL.(n)rB£gi:- " ^&&rfl iu$§jlepi ld ^^ifliusjbf 
f^rrm Q&m®$)m&(6j eurjeijiBlebemed; Quemm)iLD ^jeueSlu^^leb 
^ehezneo* (gjefTfii&m (Lp^sSluj er<sbevrr ^jL-fijaeffleb fBekprrdj^ 

GglS^U U/r/TcSc^O/Lb; GufTGv&JGgjLD uSfleij Gl&lUtUeifLD, /S/T gg/ LO 

&„£_(3sot Ljpuuu® $rTGtS)Gn&(& ) ^eiieS)uLB eu(^S\Gpm. ^eu&tjLD; 



@LDi3($)LD &mmm 75 

LDfgj £&§$ qj/5^/t<sd<sst/t9 £§)te/G<s5 @(5<&/(/5«(gii> GpiLKSijL&rjiTgj; 9© 
(3<su<sff><suii5)@>/Lb ldotlo (o)<y<si)<si>/7js/" otot/?5)(5/5^ &iii&§$miuu 

G&rruw Qurniit£l Quj(LgrB&§j. GT&rm Q<9=uj®JiT<sZr? ujnfr 
Q&rr<sm<sm§i ^_<swr<ss>£D Giumumg <oruuiq. ^nfyojrrdr? s^L-Gm 

^6G)Lp{£§}& Q&rT<5mG>L- (s3iLu^i)(^m flj/s^Lp/^/rsir. 



*&. ±Il ^ic i*i. i*c 
•> •> /?\ «-T* 'i 1 » 



Q^dj®j[£j&6$)(srrtL]LD [bitld G&rru5}®Sl<sb gs)qj^§j Qj€mrf5J(^^Gprr ld; 

§G8>LD&65)m$ ^(f^LD c95 /T L_ G L__ fj$l , t3'L-fT$ 9 W8j}6S)lJ eStjm 

(Lp^<sSliu<sijp<s^piLiLD G&rruS\<sS\<sb ®$)GU£5§}& (§LDi3QS)Gprr w. 

^{&&(LpLD, LD^lLJLjGljD ii))c£<35 <=£)/ ££) «S £J0 . j§/^<$/£) pg/LD, [BLDgj 

^.mr^lp(§u uiudi u®<su§jLD(jm LjL-Gorii&n-anuj, pm!) 9® 

®jGbGS)€0. ^'GO&rTGO ®Sl®$&®n& QJfTu5]pQ^fT<om® $L£>®S)LD& 
Q«^d?Q; <^UJ&£LJD!T& ^0&(8)LD {BK & U UfT Lb<oV> uG UJ f5fT LD 

GuiflgjLD [5dr(§ LD§$&£)G(pFTLn; ^gm qp$<sb urr<sb Q&eB$§i 
*g>l<o$)& ®j<mrrr£j(&j£)GiprTW; &&*>$£ «eror® &I1&$I. <&®£}GprrLD. 
^diojrrGp $($J)<o5)&<sv>uj ^cmi^ ^/T^(SU^7r/T0mfe^rr^iiTEO(!500L.iiJ 
^(r$mLDLUfT<5Gr q&mLp fBfrw ^zdiiLjLD urrL-.rr§i 



^uGurrLnrrmrTch, ^a/@<*@ *>ldl£§1 Gsrrum iSlp&^w. 
G&rrmGsurrLb. 

G$rrjpp$f$!<£ 9© aS?£LD/jrtt/ti), sl.€&t<ss>llu$& Ggu^j gSI^wit^ld 

®I®UUGU(T. <SV®jff QJUJ$<sb (Lp§J<SS)LDUJ<SZ)L^!3&®Jit ^GVGDIT; 

^mn&>> $G5)6DuSl<5hZL.G[rfTLI>GLD(T (Lppfi&JLD O^®<2@00<95<£/. 
^I®JQ$GS)L-.IU GLD<^fl UpfilS)UULpLD GufTGO^ &)£»$$>} ($$$£]; 

wmGprr a>mn uuLp&$^}i£> <3i$&LDrriLi& &&]$>$! (3$$>§1- 
Q&{7p&G<srrFr GgGgjLDurroyLDrrdj §uf.m; Q&uj<ob&G<srrrr 
cTL-ULLJUtptii&Grrrrtu £L.$irr5$m. ^^Gilit ^Lp^G^ifltuir 
<2t&f$tumu j§)@/5£g/; (lp&Gllit ^mrsQr>miLjLo 9 ld^od^il/ld 
(ej^tja: Q&ujgj, <3s®d([f)LD ®jmr<smLD <s*i${£ ^j^LfiuSl^ lS§j ldgo&ld 
^fTW€S)fju y<ss><sy Qiurr£5§>J(§r5&§J. GurruStsb <suqf><sv§i ^<sbrQ<SFfT<sb; 

Q$(Q@)<5V lL<S5)p^0UU§J <5U(Q&LD; L/ /fl UJ (Lp LU <ob ®J §] 

QufTd)<svrrf£j(gj, &®$)L-.Qjrni5)<sb a(T<svG&nLq- ®S]Q$g<sv)& <sp<sfiluj 
gg)gu$§i®t®t r5iT&uui7LDLi ufjiD u&g>®$)<5trLjGuiT<sv 6) /5 £> (# uS) d> 
ig} (5 15 /r idijd ^i<oS8flr5(£l(n)LJU<ss)& fSirCo &n r <sm&i)GprrLD ^(SVGVOjfT. 
^GiKSurrGp ^rf^G^fr<ssf\\jfnu(f^<s^L-iu «(ipj£@c£> £-$lgl!jrTiL&L0 9 

Gf&ppllfild) (SlSly^^l, (8jIhJ(§LDL£>, <£IL-&<5S)$ (Lp@6$luJ U&$ 

^GOiij^fTfjLD; ^^)c35/ifiy)(5y Q 45 rr i— fii £) u&<sb u<sfc®s?\fj<5m(j)\ 
mmrl<oi}®s)\j\iS\<sQ S^gul^®?)®®, &n§$®) oSl(sbQJUU^^}[jLD 9 ^ot/to) 
«siifruS €&6ij<&&uuiLui.([f)&(gjLD QuLLiq-6mu Gf5rr&&), ^fr&&®s)®$r 
[§G®j&<mLD f m)G§fT^^iffiD (Lpg<sS)m<sv)<sij G&ujiLjLDGurrGg 
^uLjpLD «5<sw llg&gstqS)<s8)uju unn&>& i }& &<sm ffllBlLl^.^ 8>rTLD 

FF&r®d$G$L~W U R & (T lil (gj Q&dj§] <=£>/ <S1/ <off) 63T (oj LD FT /f) (Prf <51/ <g fT UJ <j 

6ff)«c55<rfr L$pifiL-LD Qug)j&m<5v ^n^iLjLDmi^} Q&nr($££<oi$)<5V 
Gui¥®omg>$<sb ®Sl(n)UULD ^$&u>m$g#LjDg] <s$lL($)& G&rr ptfil®) s 



(§ldl$IQ)ld &mmmr 77 

&rr<sb (Lpg><sb ajczosu ®j65)iju$!<sb <^€y$(ii&onmujLD y ULLL--!T<s$)L-- 

&<o&<5fTlL]LD <£l<mflfB§!J <oTLfl<o$)GV <&!}>(£! L^fhJ Q <95 FT LD L/ G U 17 6V 

^(fjjuuioLiysrpw, <sdlL®, g£)G<su£J?, sesusu/t (Lpg€£luu®srG>Qj <stgst& 
«956rorCpL-.fi" /r (SLirruSlGV G®os)(T(r)fLD <su<smmrijb ^j®sFlmwi£ S$[r<sirrrT&& 
G^WGkrrgjLD LDvSlGSl-ujGorngtyiLrTGisT <gj<surj§j LDsmmmn C-i^uSIost l£§j 
<jy<sy(/5«(gj (LppnSl^jLD Q<tej$uy;^mf^&n{5§tfjjLo (LpGm—fBir ppih 
&Lb(LpLD $Qsxsoujrn?l <mm®ouu<^mh.m $<z$xsv&fTdjf5g i£)<ftn637Q5? 
- dP6riwii)tJDrT6iMr lSG^ ^<sii(§(o^l^uj &rr&<sgjLD &<smG€mrr&&(LpiD 
iSits^<sun^LDr[^6 : Q&6&p®sr. GGyGffiu^fr&sfilGV ^-p^ju iSlrriuiKsmLn 
(oii0LD &rr ffidigiT (T<mQm<sbQ(sv!T (§ld sm(§&(&j6fr ^mrurr^onrr 
^(5cK@l6)l_^^)(Si) (Lp^/Tii). G&iLKsyfr; g>rr$Gg>rr<5srlrjn tuGprir, 

^gl/<SlfgL£/T LD&<S$lt &<om<5^Q[T($<£&QjLD, 0{Jff L-GLjLD GlJ(§LD (^(ofTLD, 

K^ptpljS &ti®?)(r)&6rT> &l€mrr)i&m (Lp^toSlm ®jpr$p(^^(nj!sz)Q(5V&rr<sZ7 
&&G&irl Q<sfojqu§j ®jLp&&iD. ^<sv£)<sb iSlprr iunQj(f^iD ^/oj/Rl-dd 
s_sottot)ld Qmrr<ski®S)(r)GiLj Gua-^sb Goj(omrQ)LD; /56i>Q6U/7(xg><£<£Lb 5 

/5/p@(5^Tii (Lp^^SllUOJ/pG^p £-<oV)L-UJ<Sl!fJITu5}(njgS)6b GGuem(^LD; 

*%yz5m<3Q 9 <gifi){5 <5i5?@^/a/(S^)/jLD/T^@/ju) &lL($\uu®£J5!t§i 9 iSprr 

€JGU(f^LD 6T$g65)&UJ S^^QD^lLfLO ^§}U<sS)^GO &I.U.IT&JJ; ^/^/T)(gL/ 

i3(p!$£&Gufr tSysurr <sp(ji)GiiGrr. '^/ci/Q5«55)i_aj G>i£6uJ§)c£/7 /f)<gsdr 

$6ft6$r{5Z5'G${5Lb Gu&GDrTLD; (oTOtfTtoSsfllU <s£lg>LD §J&<SV /T LD . 

<SH§]&ng)]L& <sH<otiffQun\iij &Q<oO&i—fr &&Q&fr\u5\G0 &\fjm)^rrfr 
£-£5&>lGujrr&&>§?l<sb £§)©/5Ji/ lo^/t uimhJ&rjLDirm LS\Gm& Guammu 

GufTGOg &LD6&LD [5 ($1 fhJ (&) LD U U}. <S>J [5& $£l <SV 61) fT 6$ 60 <5T<sbG6VIT 
GnptLILD ^lLu]- <SLl[5$<ol]ft. cSLlS2Di__ <sfi\fJ<SO U(§LD®sfl((]}i5@> ^/<95€yU@-££J/T 
<5L£)J$/ GU 11% p f& <SV <51LLl—fTGlJ§S «JL_<g2/c£@ ii) ££) U. l£l (§ S SS) p G $ t 

&L~(oSl(5bm(svGuj <oT6irf7}] ^rrajS^mrrrrrrLD.- ^€^^u Guitgv 

<of{B&G5)67SlGujrT 3>Q<S08>L-ft&6S)ffl <s£l (Lg f£j &) UJ &>LD§1 Q&rT&&!TLJ 



muaSlGh §jmmLD gftL-iB®i>&pQ§> ^m &nr&G$>rT®sfltuuufr 
&t£i£lmrT/T. ^(som^^miu ^otl_ ^{jrrGumrdr ^lLl^o) 
mrriLju&ojrTm <s£1@$ Q^nmsr® eSfflssrrrm; <SH&§>}®® u&euirm 
Si®uQu$$$rTn; (^rfinJ u&Gurr&r eSlm&G&pgiLb Gaios)<sv 
Q&uj$[tgw; ®j($mr u&GUtrm $<sm<ssrfir (&>u.Qi£($\$&>nm. 
^oj&lfj&w&Gm ®Drr$&LD amfl&pm. ^djojnGp pu>gi 
&}p6fo$$rr!jrrm $rr$G$rr®s?l prriufr <s£lLul<sv <£ifp&&rnii£l$ 
$rrg\<?d&>rrfr (Lpfpp&niiiGSlu q®$)L-$&rrrr. §>l($<sv®JUjrT p^j 
GufTGSsro^rrrf g$rr)®r>& iSlis^^^p^rrrr. uiL®&G&>niL<55)L-g> 
^rr®<sb$nfr®ilmL-a€S)<stTLJ dlm^rrfr. uzmmrrir(§L±&&rr®<5b& > rrfr 
Q®j{5$rr$iurr[f}£$nrr. <§LnuG&rr®P$rL£ grr&)<sbgrrrrQ&LDLi &gu®s)<sv 
&(Lg<s£imfrfr. GUGorzi&iLDrrm GurT<£m)&rrrr urranuju t3fr}{£>g>rrfr. 
^//5^ ^<so<0V{T<sSl<s£}(i])$g> <srd)<oDiT ^$Gtunr&<oh)g!7®<s$<oir (§($\lBiu_ld 
&Gj(n)6G)L-Uj <ss)&u5l<s£l(ri)r5$§j. ^ojfr&m Q&iu& rBtparrrrJiurii&m 
iuiTGiip€S)piqLD rjrnufr ld p $§} <sSl (p <su rr rr . <sr si/ .<ssr n uSI^jld 
^oj^mi^tu G&iru$f£lipQ5- $j<sQ&&rr<ssriTGb, g£(5 &jit!j$$ &(§■<& 

®)<5S)60uSl(5m G arr(smGsxso $iBfr§>$& #d><s6) iur$§$rrg®$)3>LJ urrrjLD 
6$)GU&>&>®$xsvu Guitgv, ^eum &>®s)®)®s)iug> &fl&&rr ci/swswrLb, 
^i<oy<om<mu un&rrofTgS^GV ^Lp^^l ^GiKsir USgj uitijld ®nGug5§j 
<s$Q)®jrrff. <si&$65)&iu 2-drm&> u <9> sS\ lu rr <sm Slrjm^^^rr rr 

G(oUQT)(oOu5\(s6\(r^^§i @(&Jj<5V)<9 : u5}(oVT ££FT&)6VJ£rTlf <3<ol/<Sff)6UcS(<5 S1//565SU 

rjfT$<son<sQ> &it r&G^rr osfi ] rjrr lufr ^<sbr6m(LpLD LKs&Lpiu QuDm®r>iDmiu 
oS)L_/7LDd) ufTffnfiLi^. GurBgrrfr. egy<£(D(§ (iposr &ld§] ®SlLi4.<s» 
gigijGn&uSlGbr §sn ffishgrr fr LD^&m ^®S)rj&>g>®fiff) LDp^§}, <9><stf)csv &rr(ob 
Q^iflturrLDQ) ^S^i&rr rr(LpLD ^L_Lbu/7(ipii G&tij&j] grr&JGV Gglksghso 

urrrf^gj GVfBgrrrr. 

&)<sv <M(f$<o^r£i &%>%&(&> (Lp<sir<5$nT l5K$t., lSI.stsi)., (ipg><sS\iu 
urTL-r£i&GS)6tTu Gupip ^(5si//7 G&&£b§i\(sb &> ;./t S\ <sb ^ rr rj n &> 
$tuiB&&uuil-L--rrfr. ^®afr w&rr lj@&$ ld rr rfr. ^ostiksv, S(/)(5^ 
^uu^^ls&nm lEulLhl ^jfj^LDipp wcsrGtBfT® G<su65)606)jrr!ij& 



^rfiliuntBGufr- Qu}<sofjjft&rT ifl&®s)<SffujLO ®j@)muu(ij\t5g> ^<surr mps> 

£-<£]§) <3 (u n &@<s$)g <SiS)il@(Si5?L_ O/5/T^^/. ^uGurr^j ^Glllf ^LB 
rfrmrufr ^(/jGiif/jdsgj ■ ^uj-uSJd) oj(f^U)fT§j «if^ib <sr(Lg$ 
<gl6VtfUi$l<fflrrfr. " ^n'^lcsu ^.^^iGiuns^^^ip^^ 35<si>q5?il/U) 

j/j-g^ %nj untimu q?ott G&gogij Q&tij&tf ^(/5 Lbcsfl.^(ss>(ssnqLD 9 s*\$&> 

G®J(o$)<SO&(&j m<^&&Q<M<A®Gll§$6b®S)G0. UUJr&J&!JUDlT®ST ^(75 

Q$iT!p.fp$<55)i£& Q&nmrL- 9(5 $nmuju iSli^0§j <sy&ip(g>& 
Q&fT&&irdj } £ <ss) 6V u rr c® & (Lp&<s£luj<suir)65)<r) ^GvsfloSJg&i] 
rBirp&rrcsStuSJGb g-LL&rrij ®s)Qj&& Gai<sm(b)LD. u&&g§$<sb 90 
L-Gu^nfr . r$tpa Goj<sM7-@Lb. <orii)/7?<a> gu([^ld Olrrsfilmgf, 
GtiskmiGu&L-ity $rr6gj&<9>rr @LarT<srvgrT&&®r, ^rrrruo> 
anszfll&LJLi&iSYT, &€$&&(&)£] L5J<sh<55)®rr&€fr (Lp£<s£l < 3ujiT$K)(j& &<sm($\ 

S\\5$> fB^LU [Bsbrpn'IU& (&j<55)6U8>& l l& <9SL$_<$<SU Gu!TGllGS)85uGuiT(5VLJ 
UfTUJ G<5lJ<5m(j)\LD.' <&(%£& &fl <5V^S>l<sb <9> G) (SU <95 L- /T (Lpj£<sS\iU 

GllsvS^&it !9la®nm& &<smL-rr<sb, ^GfcmLSlfyGojnrrrJsir LSlsfcmfr 
qj[t<sv)6V& @o^Lp^^/^ Ga^g^/ii f£rnu&®n6mjGurr<si), ^/555 ^n&<sb 
fsmu 2_l_G>£3t Q&iuiuG<su®k-®LD. ^g)<SL/<a//rgi/ 9(5 /griiu ^jtjGm® 
$ir^&&rr&&<sfri<sir&iTffl<& GQj<sv<W6&iu£ ^fpanuiGujrr® G&iuiyLD 
€rmg)j <oT(Lp§>}<osrrTiT. ^j^urr QuupfTQDU)Ujnw ^<a/<a//r^/ 
<9h.r$<mrrGrrrT s>l®fff& ^j§J gsmmLDGiurr Q<sijmu®n& <£{$&> 
££jisorr&iTGiS)<sb ^(guuaifr&Gorr $m&$l®jfr. ^ot/tsu, «5 /7 '/5 
G$rrasfl[riTtu!t ®S]<styiu&$<sb ^rj<smQi^fT(i]) ®Sl®$iuf£i&<5h ubirgSdjjLD 
2L-(Difcr®r)ijbiutT u3($f&$m. ^/<sii/T S t^)© /5*95 a/ /r ©S)aj* iu £§>!<& 
&rr&rrfj<om rBrr&ntuu Guasb $L-&&<S)S]<sb€ftw; G&ugfi^ujfij 
O^iTOTL $rrmuJuGurr<5{)](i]jf$&[TiT. (Slo^cSOTL- &iq-&g>§£<sb> 
"(§Gmso$gl& &iq-&&u G u rr <su ®n g u Guitgv urriuGsu<sisr(^ 
'Qu>G8Trp] Q&n<&<&uuiLi±(§&Qp§i+-^ttn<&i\]pwgii ^rf^G^rrosfl 
{Trrujit £L.<sm<sv)U>u5}G<svGuj o?y>/^j <9>^§jQ^®^nfr. ^oj(§(mL^uj 
^@5^<35oS)gi) @Lf}(3&£ ^$&rrifl&<m- p$&&&6tisr6srfiT <aS)®0<5G«r/h 



gg (Si_D<sff7d5fr 

Gnjmojmu l/©<^^^ ldiu^ld G®j<oS)&iuG5)ij& airiLuL^iLh 

Glumrmrrrdiu i$jpp$($pprT&s gQpnuutTi> ssmi^Gm ^currgi 
&it<souluSI<& a?y>/5S/ &)L-&(§GLDrr Gojm^j u<sd!j§] mm^sv ^ujld 
GgrrdrtpGOFTLD. <£/<95£>@ tbttld OTdfrw Q&ii®J§}<? ^j/js/ ^<su(§^u.iu 
urriSlajLD. Gurriuj &Q<sv&L-fr gjanpuSeir L^fjemuyrrm gujanoj 
^l®jfr Qup$(S$$GmMU(T<&> lslul^ «Q(SD«l_/t (Lp&sSliu ff\$\u 

iDoneoantu ®Sl(Lgfij(§LD LD&rrG&oj &[tlBI&(& > &> <£<£<sy 9© ^uuorrLDrr 
Gwdiuff [5ld§i GumrusLir. &rT$G$rT®sfl[rniuiT [bld^j &nrLbu&)<oij 

^UJfhl3>n?i\L-&>§$<& Q®JGfi)<!k(§ LDfT^^fJLD U<5^fl<SllLD^(SmqLD 

Qsnr<5mL^<5umfru Guitgv r5Lq-&§ju US1I14. ojfBgrrrr; 
^_6w<ss>loo5)Gq;/7 &rrLDU@\6u <2Diurii&rnr (Lpm G&rr u^^ijgv 
^uGurr®r>$&&uGufi§j jg)ilif uj^/ii «££/5 J*/ Qarr<omL-gjLD 

FfLLiSLUJfTp (§&gJg<o5)<S0U G U fT GO g /T /5 G <9> (T Gvfl /7 TT OJ (/5 <S5) L_ J£7 
UDotS^ <55)$g$6S)LDlUIT<5V, ^GUfflL^LD S-OT^J/T) Q QJ rT)J U Lf LD , 
LHSS)&65)LDlLlf£l Q&fT SmUL (/5/5 c£/T /t. ^fTj^G^Uesfl [JITUJIT Q U ffl UJ 
<S5Q<SUdSL_/f?L_U) Gd^/D/TSW, <=9/ SI/ /T 55 /7«£) <sb{£(T(h)& (g ^&(5$rLD<sfilg§J 
^}Qd®S)!J &_lLc55/7 p<S5)Qj£g<5V 6lJLp&&LD. /£ LDJJ/ & U LD U @) 6U G LD K 

^fTLDuf\GU^^Ip(3F,LD, ^fT ^G^fTG^Tl^^LD U60 G<oU(T)J U !T ®a<SfT 
$j(njJ5&<58r. ^ITLDU^iOJ GDlLiraJ&rTlT ^jSfrSlUJ LLGlST&SlGISTITrT (l5) gj>/ L0 

(jj3<smG&rru(LpLD, «££/%9$ Q&nr(5V§£(j : p<o$)u.uj<sii(f; <s*jgsmrr<5V uon&ojfr 
LKSdmtju Qufbp€iifr. g>rr$Q^r[®srl{jnujfr G&rruLiu LDm&{£l6$rfr 
<^<mrr60]LD ^jGsfluj Q&rr<5b<s$}mfr; ^fLDrrpgjjw t£l{p<s&)LD ^onL-iUGurr; 

^ > $$)&lUrT<SV <S*I 61! ffl L—LD UGOn $^S$ UJ 6$) 60 r5&,<o$T'fr . &rrLDU&)6LlLD£bLD&jJ 
^/gJ/OJ^OJfL/ii, <5LDd£/ &L-65)LD&<5V)<SmLlGLD lB&& LD^lUUOjff ^mt^i 
LDGsflgGtopu Up^lA & QJ ®sf) U U $ d) ®S) <SV . ^ GU (77j « gj ^ &LD§1 

Ln®$&> GV)i &(8j <$<shfr}j L%ipLD<s^&®rii&cgj 6p<skrr}j <oT<sgt6$)ild rglLurrujLD 

@>}(smu.iurr§]. QubGo$&rr ffl&(^&(§ ^<Q&\Giurr , ^<^$ ^6iirr<m<ofti<sm 

^([^ULSlmUL^GujfT, /g@^(SU^./5L»L/LJSli^<^/T.^/T^CS^/T<55fl/T/TUJ/T 



(&jLDl$(£)LD c^OTOTOr 81 

&fTjjb&l <oTfB&u U&&LD ®$&&)pGgnr ^rb&u u&&ld ^I(^ldlS 
gS\ Q\ gu n fr . ^i <su (/5 on l_ iu &rrm<sv (^(§<5uqst rs<sirrprrdj 

Qj<vjL4.<S]SlL-t—rr<5V ^<sis®r)]&(&j& &<sm&(& > u iSlmonm G6u<sin60&(&j& _ 
&)unnr& G&ili&i] o5) © qj rr n . u(f§uq m)nr LDurrmij l£)<95c95 
uDng?jrf!ujLDrrac3 : Q<sfiLuqj^j^(^lj ulLl-.it ldgvsFIujld G<sy<otn(oV 

065^7 (5)<5<95 <oT(Lg!£} 6iS)($)GUrT_(T. ^n LD <5£(LpriiaiT iil G®J€5)6l) UfT ffUUGljfr 
<oTQSTUGS)$U GurfltU cS(d)<dU«L_^L_££) g [5§?l IJLD IT && c£/TlLi£<£ 

Q&rr6rr6un fr. ^mircb, • ^si/itj^l.uj &nr iflLuGjLDGVGorrLD 

geniptoOrT&GoJ ^§) © « (g li . cg/>i£/ LDH &>&&<§(!)&(&) (Lpsbrmrr 611$$ 
<5LJ /T 61)65 <SYT SL<SB) L_L/L_/T LDGO 6£(5 ftp6V)(SVU$l<ob (&j®S)r&§J &)L-.&(&)Ln. 

(^ubfTm^rrsi^m <oTQ-p§?) <s>]®J!j&}j <s$)& Giu(LDg&jj&&rr& 6$>6u&>&, 

GLLGoSZi&rr /flc95<5y5)L_L6)(5/5^/ GjfesrrojGgrr © (S^Ig^uj^ @/D@ 
LDrryGiJbrT l£) ojpoSiGVGinsv Gium^j (§LLn<sh)&>nGfi}®sT lS^j §$ 

<S)$l(LD6lirTIT. <^/QJ<S"37 ^/ «oli © <Stf) L_ IL/ 6&&G UJQg^$p(&> ^gjj LD IT gg 

^)/D@ (LpononGij ^6Q}iui3<sS]lLGl-Qst GTGkurrosi. tsygj ^ldlSl^ld 
GurrGojuSlsvsmGV Giurngu ^(surr ^(STS^oniuuGurrLL® ^rrsmis^^ 
&&§tujLD Q&dj§i<sS\'(i)\<surTit. ^V/5^5 @ld /r <&7U^ /r oS?(rfr Li?d$/ 
<sfilG(jrT&LDrT& <oT(±^^nsSl(^<SiiTTrr. &rr ldu&\6ii®duj i£j&rr rr lUfTOdGmuiLjiL 
(ip§]S)Gb ^ii£L.uufrfr; &>rr$G&>[TGs?\rjmuG[jrT GiiuSlprfyGb ^ju^uumr. 
&rrLDU@\®dub iSlprr ®lJlLul.<sv ^smrGwfifr &n.L_& (^uL.^n^turrrf. t3pdr 
Qunr(nj6$)Grr 6fil®$LDrr& wS^ggojiT, $rr p G g n ®sf) G mrr 
iSl&6&&a&rT(j<sis)i<5S)L-iLj ^iflffi ^dlLs?dl_ GurrJiugrr uSl (/5/5^ /r <si), 
^<si/<g)y<$@ oj(r^LDfT(m suifl Gurr ®Gii^n ibu uuj(Lpir)jgfi$ 3 

^ QJ <S$fl U. LD ^GlJGUff}^} £Lfi LL <o^> L_ 0?) gg/ LD <££ (/J U f£j (&> GlJ n fij S) 

<sS\Q\<surTn. ^j(§gij(t^ld u<sm& G&gvgij G&iuojS^sb Q&LL®&@<5mLD 

2L-GS)L-lUGL}fr&>Q(on. &fTLDuff\<S)JLD 6Tr5g& G&GOGlj ^ ®ST $1 UJ 65) LD 

lUiT^G^rr ^&s)g& G&djGurrfr. gt&jj ^i6u@)iuLbl<sb<5ViT^GgrT ^<ss>g& 
Gl&djiuLDrrLLL-rrrr. ^mrrsb, ^ ®i (5 <szr> /__ iu Q<3flL®@ ^6stld 
<^(sm(smluj^^p(^A @<S5)/D«i/ G&iuujnrg&ij. ^rr^G^nr6^fl{jfTaj(06iDL^uj 
G<3FLL®g£<svrLD iSlprr LDmS$<5v ^©^(/jl/sthlj 2_<owrL__/Tc£<9s<£ 
<3^isi,uj§j. <s*j6iiif Gojtoffig^rr^Gfild) a^p^juuuj^mLD sik^ldGuit^j, 
(Sio.«ir.I-7 



,g2 Gmm&rr 

^a/@*@u u/0LD/r/0OT/rs&, ^lIl^ld ^fcffl/ wn$m*f®4><$$ 

Gs>mziJUJfrm $mr<ss$mij MuSpfieb G^uld Geiu^ meu$&* 

Q^fTrifQJ^^L/ S/J/T6D, ^^/T USU /5 /T ll* (25* (5 L/ Li^)lZJ/T 

&jrrm^SipGuQmm^ $<ssvssr$§i, «^«su^ot G®j<oS)<svu5)<s$($r5§i 
0£rr<on<a;<95« segigi Q & n m<sufrit. ®rr<st)<smrr<s£\p(& f & &<svfj 
eurn£i<§eu$&iLD $rr®i&»nn tL.$$Gmrr<3>&$dr &$G!T[rtbes>$s 
Q&^1&$ rBrtsvmm &mrj ojndjSl^&Gurffr. ^/a//r GTuGun§}u 
^ldljlLl-©/<£@ (Lp&&rrGD6miT Q&rr($)ULJg] a/ip«d5iJD; <^/<aj$i__LD 
J§)G5J5£g/ 9(5 ^/<smrr $rr<smiuLDn& ^<3[5&rr<sb, ^m$a> 
Q®{T®&>§i<sSliL®, &@<& <3/g>sio/r<s; j§)(5«(5^ &rr<so<sssmeS\p<$$ 

^LD^i LD68>63TaS)tt5)OT g G5)G0 m UJ ILj LD ff\®S)fT)t5§}U Gu(Ta& 

Q&n<sv6V&<s^L(LiiJ ^pu cgsOTT^szn^ a_6&>i_,ajsi//r. @£)$$<sm&'tu 

<^<sm<sm!p{5$ ($<sm Gai&ufr®&<s$mrr<sb $rT®<5b$rr(r$&(§ l^ljul 

<SrdfGiI€S)^iU!T&21Lh £)<$©<£,§/ ^<SlJ(75<Sff>L-aJ (3<SU(&n<oD<SS){L/<5 

Q^rf(S^<sv^§jGSlL- Ga/sw(J)QLDOT@}/u) slaj/j§) <sjpu\L(§\ ®S)lLu.§j. 
£/r£)<si>£/r/r Gurfltu &Q6V&L-ir §i6S)pi£\L-$$®> lj/jld 
GiurT&Q{u&m&u Guir<sb f5L~^§J ^jGV(njmL-.iu $<mLb§$u<s$)UiLjijb 
^mmuiLjLD Qup^l(^^^nrr, <m$jf> /5lL<ss>u ^Lp&&rrLD<sb 
&iTLJunfpii)jtoJ&p&fT& ^ojfr G<sugu (oT,$$6&&iu ^lL®l£)iuld 

Q&UJ1UGLJLD LSoiTOJfT /5J65LD/T L_L_rr /T. g£ QJ G) SI/ /T (5 /5 /T (OJ LD ^ GU 17 

&rr<ss)$vuS}6h Qur?luj &QGO&u.rfl(sir urijafflrr®Slp(&)U GurTGurrrr. 
{Lp&><sS\6Q ^LDLDsm &6$r®sfl$&(&j G) Gii 6$ u5) <sb r£)<omnjtl gjG&tj&rnovfl 

&nm<so GursgotrLD &LDtTUL$uunr rr. ^ldldtt^€S)L-.uj G&>& 
Q&m&&)tu£m& <sfi\&nfi\uuG$iTQ\ $6b6vrrLD<ob i ^LDLDrT^G&L-UJ 
(Surr§D<s5riB$ip&(T& <MGwira&uuLL($ oj^ld ^®«(aJr, G&rrLfl&m, 
ojrr^^jdsm, ^LDLDrr(Gf$6f)U.uj rsrrdj, ^LOLD/nsyr u®«@Lb &lLlslgv 



(giid?(5)Lb &dr®rrm 83 

Qld&<ss)& (Lp<5<sSluj6Ufp-!i$}6br &&{B<s&gu ufptfiliLjLb <gi!5&CffeJ& 
^drGurr® G&iLurrn. S^mtD <sp<suQ<surr(nj yiDTreoso Q<&nr<5tfcr($) 
Guftuj ^jLDLondJlm $nuj&>(& > & &rf&S$ 9 <s>i&m ^p^<omm s 

^gS^turTiuLD Sd^uLiaiJp uuj-uumr. ^j^m £_l_idl5?<si? <^®ld 

@<5$)<S0U GuGftm <5T®£B§)} [5&<£(&)®J FT 17. ^ ®J p <SV) p <k «<5WTL_ 

^mp-&rr<^Qu([$LD®Lp&®tqLb L/OT<stfr<ss>c£cyzi Q&rr&rG}jiTGrr. ^syong 
eroi(75^@£i) S^)L««/nJ Qu(^ld urraGbiuu>rr& w$ u u irit 

.grrfsG&rrGtifliurTiT. uri]&®rrrT®5l<5V <or$g<o$)&uj G^od^jiljld 

glGtyT&fTGSfl ^Si.UJ ^)(5Sli(5<5(gLD UL-&LD Qu(§Sl CU^g/. 

^guit u rii & ®rr rr <sfil p (§ m0UbGurrQ^<5v<sviTLD <o7<o3><5$ 

LD(p<SlJfT§>}(!])[B^rriT. ^J(5U(oS)fJLJ Up^lu GuifllU «Q<SD<£L_/7 LD&ST$<SV 

<suijn&8 : rT lB &><5gt&}j LDonoftoSl GLDm&rT &n6mrr uap 

a(SHiT<osr(iij&(§ 6^(5 (Lp&£)iuwrrm oSIg^uj^oj <£ifrg$ &ujitit1&§] 
^l^)iLJuGQj(omru^ $(§$£>§}. <gj§$<sb $ld&(§u u&&t£§}®s)<5m{LjrT 
o5)(5i@o) QufT(^tL® s^Ggosi—it, $rrr5G$rr<o$flujfr<ss)[rtLiLD, 

<J/Tliu^)<SU^G5)d5tl/Lb <£ /T <S?T) <SU GgOtfLJ&iJ LD<SlftFl&G& QJ((]jLDLJLq- 

m€mis^uurruj 2_<£<9>£ra/ O^iuS^^/t/t. <5/r ^G^rr<^fiufTajrf 
&aLjuG$)jmL-iu §j)$$G5)iu sfi)®^/T@3/ti q5)(5)uu/t/t. Quit)uj 

g>pgl LDGssR&Ga g8l-<sb)L-.qSIl-(S\lj LfpuuC-L^rrfr. ojtp^uuL^ 

' <aS?<su<sa><su. ^/s/©(25/5^ /5tf<u, ^®<sot (y)g<o61iuojp®np& 

$L-<oSl&Q&fT(B\&$ L3p(§, 8r<stiniB &m<svf) §$&(§& Q&<mpnir. 



84 G)L£>®tt&fT 

<^p$G3li~uutli4.(r$!5& &LDUfhj£}&Q-&rri4. tL-iLqp&®S)& rB^srprrdj 
u>6toip$§i&Q&rT6fc[ui.®$$§l* <g\$dr w^poSlcsb $<shrg)] 
£L.LLqrDg5§$(sb §imrj <ordrosr Q & uj S) p rr rr <*i<shu€5)§ s^em^tD 
Gurr^il® fpL-L-a$m$u GurrGVg gm^anuj $iLl± $C-l^u 
umi^ojmnsmLD glesrigi $$&Gfilj£$rr ir. «SlunilsDir c^irfelg^rfCTfl <§><sm& 
Q&£jiunLndo uF£j®<srrnG$p(§<shr §j6$)Lp®J§]LD 9 Qoj<o/fluuQ)(5u^j 
mnS^^rrm. ^ojssftL-U) urno $<smu®s)[[LJ. Guitgv ^GvryLD 
Ljmm®$)&iLjLD &fTL-Lq. &}}QS)rj <5Tq4)rBgj<o£}L-L-rrQrjn (orm^j 
^^Gvium^uuirp Q&iLi—.rrfr. ^/5^ L0fr<9><5@/Dgj &>n&)sb&>rrft 
j^ojmi&^u u$mih Qc^/TL_fr $£)(n}r5£6tr>LDiLHT<sb <sy<siJ<oir ^i6xj(§&(&j 
(Lp&m Q<95/Ti__fTUD/5 Qurfib<sSliLL-rrm. <sh®&& ^IlB<s^-ld 2-lLljpld 
§jQS)!juSlm (&)[x<sb £_mn-rr uSl p g}]. ^j§} G&rru&(&jrj6vrr tij$ 
G^rrmplaj^. ^!QS)fjwrr fr u(£)a<5V)&6S)tij <s$LLQL-(Lg(Lpm 

Gg$45<Sm<SSlffiT @£^(3<g <5T(Lgl£<sb QJLp&&LD. ^GUOJfjGp, &$6mLS}_(sb 

&rrtun^€UGM'<5&srLD§]<SB)F ' Q{£3>£B6tisr<55$65)iju uqjj& (Lpuj<skrpij rr. &}/[&& 

^uuls^Guj Gg$tB<sm6GB?it urr^Sslij^&n&i Gurrifilsb onG^j^rTir. <gy$$<sb 
&(nj&&<^rj ^^&LDrr iu u GuirL-UULLuf.(f^^§j. gjos)(j&(8j Qu(nj$$ 
G&otuld (Lp<mrQ)^LLi-.§j. £-U&>&> (&>(7®S)<sv ^j^G^rrosflG^uj 
*Pimip$f&nfr. ^d^ ^rr&GO&rr fr &rr§?i6b ^rr^G^uosflGLumgij ^ldg&ld 
<SH®nLp&>^^rr&u uiLi-.§}. £-L-.Q®si &>rr§\<so^rrfr (g@@Q/__(otfr/ri/ 
^.mGm ££L$.<$ &iLiQ<sv<om&r>L-u5l<sb rilmpnij. s^mu ^mm(LpLD 
&<omr&mm&> §$p&&GSl<sb®s)<st). grrfiGgrr&sflrjrrujfr^&rrGinGD oj^gstld^ 
sktp ®jrr®s)ujgb &>lp[5^iTiT. ^JuGurr^j §}<5$)rjuS\®sr Gisrru51<oSl(T^^^ 
G^^^mrsmfif G^gtiIljulL® ^rr&Gbgrrrrim, gu rr uSf o^j ld , 

LD&Gmi <5T(J£}&5gj&Q&rr <sh £_<sSr Gg^^Gmostsfonij. ^LfiGf)(smiSl<sbGvn 
l£I(§^Gld! erdr^j grr§)<sb$rr®s)!j ^eZrGurr® ^u^ifl^^rr rr. 
er$$frurrrmg> sirbg uLL&$®Dg& &<mri_ grT&}<sb$rrif £)/?%/ GfBfjLD 
S$m&&§]& &WGorrdj rglosrprrfr. <5V a/ (75 ot> l_ (u <oSl®n<svLLjiLirrfB@ 
^<ojnL_«OT Q&lL($u GurruSlm. (srmmG&ujojrrif; 9(5 Giim&iurrm 



(&jldlS)($)ld &<sn6fr<oh 85 

^&&£<SIT>451LILD, §$65)&U®S)UU4f&] Qc95fF6SffrL-.fr /T. G^p®m<5®$IT <S>i GtTGLj 

c95L_/5^i $$$u u rr uS\qf)$$&rT d) , sjjanpr $ld€$)Ljd Gurril.<oi)Grrm 
$mmg>§} ^idiGyfTgi} Q&uj&rrQrr<mfrn <^(^(sun§j g^Sl^rr'/f. @\$§i 
^/swf?/5^/, u a}]QnrjaG(orr! &a6$)$v gu^g^stld. r$rT<oir gir&)<sbgrrrr 
<ormGLD<5V G^£{£<sm<5is$i7 u'l-gS}®)gs)60 (ormprrfr pririurr. 
8>rr@)<sbg>rT({ij<o$)L-UJ (§fj<ss><su O-GmirrBg gjs&rr §$®<&£)lL-®& 
&<sm&Gn<orr{5 $p[5§] urnT^rriT. ^_l_(3<^t <sfii<o$)ij(5G&(Lgr&&iJ l£)@/5<5 
<sfil&m£F>G&rT®> "$[r'ff)<sb$frG[j! Lo<^<s^c£t£G>6i?<sm®Lb, 
QuuLL<5vQ[rdr^j $\®$)®$i&>§i ^juuuj. Q&iijgj®SlLLGL-<svr. 
^(j^lduoljld s_Lb(ip^r)L_(i/ LbmosfluGfrua G&tL§>}Gp6vr (oKokpnrr. 

<£l &£)([$ [5 & <95 (SSffTSffS? /T U/T^@/JLD, §J6LJ[T65)6V, G&ITLI 

(Lpg6Sliu6iJ!p®np& Q&rr<5mfr$§} ^/r^fro^Lii/ (ip&£B<ss)t£& &$$ 
G&ujuj (Lpiumpnrr. <9$/t ld ^rfyiurr ldgv Q&uj£5®s)& LD<sm<oGfl&& 
Gsusror® GLDdrgu GLDmGLLGgJLD <^./t5? Lbmgnrrj eu(^^<ssTmf.' 
"^/@65£i uL_oS)(oi)OT)(5D; u n ££ i£l <sb sm <so ; priGm gjmL-.£&jj& 
G&rrswrGL-Gkr. §}6S)rjiUGufr&m ^o^^uupi^i gu(^^&> Goj^mL^nin 
(oTdrrry @rr@}<sb£rr(njLD ^n <smL^Guinff is^mn fr. <£/<si//t i£§} GufilgjLD 
®j!j&&(LpLD, ^<smqrEjG&iT<5mL„ §}£$)$, ^ojirGail.(g)LD Qurj&<an&<3i 
Qc95fr(J)«<s^i &iunrprnr& g) (njpgrT /r. ^//5^5« (§$UG£)Uiuplr5&> 

S)<o2f)L_<55<55 Goj^m^Gtom^j FF<sio®jrj®5)m G ®j<sm ingsut '/t. 

c95(/5@czj ^fr®£\QS)UJ€F> ^lurrffi&a 2L.iL&rTirr5$6sriT. ^uGurr(Lg>§]Lb 

&rTLDU@)QJLD QJff(sSl(Sb<5S)(S0. LDGtftfl UggiT llSlp^j; £165)$ GutT ^]^>§}U 

Qurrfjpj$giuurTit$$rriT. "&rT@)<5b$frG!j! <sjdr u^uuj. 65Q(5d«l_/t 
6i/0r<aS?<s£><an<5U? ^g)^i ^Gu&tjubrrm <3SfTTfliuGi£><smgjj rsnrsbr <s7<SL/<su<5yr<si/ 
ojpLjrrygSiia ^/rj) gojprr uD<sb Gpmu^i LD®ssfl&G& <oi//j<# 

Ji/<off)/T. 

6TfEj<SB(^ms—iu ®$Gniuuupn$}&> §}GS)jjiU(SiirrmGm Qiurr&\&& 



86 



Gwai&rr 



G®j€m^iu&!$iTdr. prrtij&w n>rru$\^is> ^Lpn^Goj u>$&&uutLQi 
Gii(f$£)GprrLD. <s&6sm&, ^Giirr tordi&^GVL-iu GiD<sv$&rrti. ^Gurr 
lE§i G®j<sm®QLLm & i G&rrva Q&rrdim§i Su^/r@ii. 
«^/T0LD(5Mri_-/T(5«(gu Gurr&GGuessrui-UJ ^gu*? ^fr$ 
eSleq,iu$@i<sb $nm otot 8-uSlir GurT6u$mtil($!p$rrQ}iLD guu^ldgv 
g)(5««Ga/ ld fr lL G lot. stotcS® otot@/<ss)l_uj «l^loGoj 
Guffi^mpl LLfbpgj Qutfl$<ob<5i) - ffrmprrir. 

Qin/l/@ib G6)<SHpiLJLD GTUUUL. ^®«%@/? 

&t-[5gi eu(§Slp§i* <3jGLi(§G&L-iu GS)LD$&>iG*rGV)m &Gun GTg>p&rr& 
GyrjGii®s)Lp£gi GSil.iq.Gb g$)Gii&§]& G&rrGmui-Ctya&JpiTiT. ^gugm 
^LpGVLDrr&Goj gv(&#ld GurrrhJ&uuil® GU(n>£)rpgi. ^Gum 
enGu&&&Q&rTGisrui-(n)£(9)LD &rr@)&(§ LDfr^fjLD ldh&ld ^uSIjjld 
^urr &LDUG1TLD Q&rr($)&£lprr<s6nT ld. ^<si/@)/c&g5 GGiinpj GU(njLDrTGvrLD 

^GbmGO. rglGOLD (Lp^oSliU 67<Sl/<SlS<3$ ^Gh)^)LLIL£}d)GS)GV. L£L.ULq_ 
«£)<SU«L_/T LDGmmGtfltilGir 2L-L-LDlS)GV LDfTSSLD £g) /JOT5FL_/T uSl fJLD 
QI)UrnU&<§ 35 €3)65 ty$)l§lp§l. ^GU(f^GS)L^UJ <3FLDUGYTLD {$.400. 
^jGllGUGffGljLI) GJ!hlSl($^§} GU($LD? U6m&>QS)&& Q«/T(J)^a5<Sl//tcS<S)fl(St) 
UGVST GlIfB§J G&GtV-vLD &LD Ull&LD Q®®UJLDrT&G)SlGb6$)Gl) QlUmg)J 

Q&rrGVGSl ototot?l_ld <gti(Lp$rnr&GH. $nm «stotot G&iu&jp&ij! 
GLD<sv§il&rT ifluSJm &rii&$ - <oTGhprrrr. s^g^^G^lIl-^ig^ij S-Grr^p 

^^j§)/7LD<SB)L/56&/7"/h lBg8)& §JU^^§J. ^GmiTGV S5LDGG)LD n&GkprriLJ 
^L-.&Q&Q&fTGmL--ITlT. "^g)/5£5 c£/%$) G)SlG^lU^^}GV tSHGllfr Q<3FUJ£G$)$ 
GrBlflGV &tfGS)fI$g<fflg&iT(!T)<&(8) <tr(LDg]§?)GpGVT. ^gS\(J 0($LD, 

Gurr^Seh) ^mGrvGu&L-ir ii@V)<&w@b<soh iSldfSBsniijii gv^&ld 
Gim mi(&jLD g£)gi$iu&g5)£5u ujpn$l ^]p&@)iuLDrr& gSI&it rjG&Gm Q&uj§i 
&nil@\ium}&6$)Gn G&&fjLD UGmmidi&m. gv(<stj&ld gu rr di S) ot 
Gg&u&g&gimljld GSl&rrrjG5)Gm&(&) gi(£\£B& > }& Qanr rnGGiiir LD-GJGmprr fr. 

^n^d)s- s^^go ^GfoGGtfrTGmj/jltTfja&lpgj. <s>jGiiiTGLD6V$5}&rrrr}. 
SL.GwrGmDGmu ^ r$ rs^Gii fra<srr ^jgu ©«(g u uiu$§} ^(j&&\iu{BGm{£ 



(&jidl3@ld &mmm 87 

Q<si]6ifrliiSlL-U iSlm 6uirrEi(^Qpfrfr<%6fT. ^<sm&iutT(ob, <sp(§ <55/r/f?(U£i 
Q&\bf5rr<sb' $60LDrruS\(n)&(g)LD; ^<5wrT<sb ^j^j <sr<sh L£>6$r§dp(g)U 

l3lSL&&6Sl606G)60. ^6U65)[J G 611 <S$)60 uSl 6$ (§ [££] LDfjgJ &-<^/jT61/ 

6U6$)rju5}60 $&&}(&6foQLi6isisr(gi G&li&jj) 6m®jg&rr<sb, iurr6U(j^w 

£_<5m65)LD6mLJ<9 : Q&IT 6VQ^6U U H&m, 60(6lj&LD 611 IT £] Si 6ST G&6W 

&G)6rr6V60n'LD i5?/p@ Q6U6ffliurr(^LD- 6imprrn. 

§!6»jj s- ^ ([])&& lL® ld; <gi66){suuii)ri)l /5 /t «Sr $6®pn&> 
Giurf&Gnm Q<sfili^j GldGgo 6T(Lg§$ ^6U6^[j /§<£&) 6$)6ii&QGpm- 
6T6hrprnT. 

<sxjrriii£)u uirrr$$frrr. 

tSItflggi s^Lq.uSl6b 6U(f^LDrr^u uuL^rrrr ;- 

Q&<sir<58)6$ra(8j /g/rcw" i£l&& <s>16ii&rjLDrT6&r Q&rrr5^ <S)Sl6^uj^^l(sir 
Quit(§lL(^ Gurr&GGUGmuL. uS\qjjuutBrt6b> <stw«(3j ^jmgjj (Lp&60 

6T6&rirLJ 6T(Lp^UUL.LIL(§^ &L(L£g6G)&LJ U UL^6lf L_<SW §jQS)JJ 
U Q&6m6$)65T<!k(&) ^jlJU^^ff) 7~LD€$$fl&&6V6V61JrT .fJlGlA 

Ljpuu®&)p&d. <&i<sijfr ^juGunr^j 6u^§j 6fi}iL($\u Gun6u^p(^^ 
^5<53)L_ Gliuonm?" 6im^j &*.$ 6rifi&)6brp &il.6S)u.6mu$ giLut 

^isujjs- L_Gu^rrfrf ^<sff><^ iLnrfrQ&iT6m($) 6U^<surr? 

LtcIK- Uj-LJUL &Q60&L—(iT)6G)l—UJ 65) LDg&jJ 6&TIT dfiC6DLtlllT 

(5T<si5r/?)/T<sir. s_l_0<s^ '^/<szd/j G6uQprr(f^ &ir®@g65)& 6t($)6B&}j <g>j$6b, 



88 (plootc^/t 

"pg>n& Q®n®&&uut-.w[TiLL-rr§}" <sr<skg)j <oT(Lp$gl im^&gi 9® 
s^mpuSlo) Guuil® ®>lLul. L-.Gu&rrj?lL-.LD G&rr ($)<&&, ^Giim^<sv>$ 
euirriiSl GoJGtUuSp G&ckprrm. 

^mu> ^<sij<Mm<^^<M&[rLDrTm&rrtfiiiJLD <5T<mm ®S)(rij&(gjLD? 
#rrda>:- <57mm @G^/r G&ifliu oS) <sb <s$) gv . <sj@rr uSIg^ld 

®)!TU{B€5)g> £L.$G$@)&$&rT&G<olJ tlSl ($'&(§ LD. <oT<5V(oVrr <51J p $1 p (§ LD 

prTm&>$$ ^de/v^^u Guruh LCL.ULq. ®Q<5V&L-.<Tij&(g) $r$iruSles)iLD 
<g/5jg) Gur5$$rr Gojdr^j G&lL® iL:mr68>LDmuJ <£l$l$§} Q^rr<sm® 

^QJ(f^GS)L-UJ <3SlLl£L.pG& GufTUJ t£$$\JLDrr& <sfil<S^lUt£6S)g> <2//#/5g/ 

0«/T6W@ oj^^Gpdr- (ordrprtfr. 

giieoin- &i?l; ^ljuul.Guj Q&uju-Ild - <or<5mprrfr. 

SL-L_Gm $rrrBG>@rT®sflrj[7ujiT (& ) ®s?\$§i &6vnLD Q&dj§j®LiJLL@ 



v'/ \1s V'/ v'/ v'./ 
"/fC •»* ~i~ 7fC 7?\ 



d&nremnriDfD BurremfOiurF' m<smwemi\l$>m? 

lf> UD sara /r &rrmrrrLDp GurrmongLJ upr$S} *bld&(& ) & 

S)«3)L_^ @[5§?I<S$)UJLJ UISL.$$ <SFlTLDU@)®J(LpLD, ^ GU (J^OS) L^UJ <9>/7l£j£JQ, 
LD 6$) OT<S}$ tt/ ii Qu(Jlf)$& $£) <SG) & U 65) U ILj LD , *3I&&£>6$>&U-I LD , 

&ajm<Si)iLfLD Q«s/F(5wl_<sot/t. 6T$£}iTurT(jrrr$ gu<o8)&u5)<5V Q&rr<oG)L- 
&FT€Vg$<sh ^.(smL.u(^Lb Gui J r)uL.<smuLjGurT<oV£ G^nm^liu ^$&> 
@51utB<as)g <3j®jfr&m <57^}rrun ir^^suijd^sviT. ^(/5 qj(^(o^<3Sitgold 



^fTsmuLDip GuirmirOSiurr &<5mLD<mfl($uJ? 89 

u>$&&& &<m<mw& &ani£<muj ^spifil, f a_<sfu' Q<5n)<oirir)j &.iL&rrfr$g> 

gr5J&®n<orr q5)@ (STOTgn/iJD Oas/ruj-co [bit&ld ^jdr<5tsf(LpLD§iu^^\iu^fTii 

$®S)GSTt5§}g> @mfT®J6S)L-.r5g<o$Tlf. 6ULp<k^^lp(j§ LDfTJprT&& &LO&1 
LD0LL&LJ L$6tT<Z$)m ^LDlE}L-LD <3l<5VrGS)UtLJLD <Sli <5m&a£565)glL{ LD 
&fT lLL$.lUQS)g> r£}<5&m£§J <97T£J0L/£)<SUli>, ^)<S5fi Qui<m&n §l®ffL-iir)fTLD6Q 

&r&LDrrdj a//T£p«(sy)« Q<3FiIj<siirfm(oTm^j r£lm<m£giu Ou® ldS) £p<sy 

Q^fT<SmUf.(§^fTIT. <S>I&(P(8) (Lp<sk@ITLD£LD§J W(T!)&UlS)<ffl<mm<5G)UJLJ 
(Lpm<S$fI<5£ILD UGM LDL_/?£i@ ^/@d5/f)^ 51/ /T <Q>€S)6F68)UJ 65) <Sl/<g<9> /7 /T. 

c9//5<95 (Lp®$)fp Lb(ii)<3SLjiS)m<o&ffl ^ldldIl^ld <£/tlLuj_iu 
r$mmL-i£<sv>&®s)UJLJ up$$ grrdj, ud<s?»ot<si5) (LpgGSlGiunrfilL-LD um 
(Lpos>p <£*./$ &Gufr&6S).GmL]Lb Lb&\Lp<sfil&$nfi. ^g)® £//vp/ ^unuSlcb 
LD(n)Lbau iSmmm&(§$j£m&&&rfiJ®<&&isLunQLb (Lpg><sS)uj<suff)QS)pp 
.(SiirffEjSs) <o5)QJ&§>) ($[5$rTlt. WGisfl&dr <st$$gs)&iu ^s^L_(^#^/j5)<oifr/# 

gtffl&jj ^l&®S)&LJUUl- <9><S37gi ®jrTLp&<o&a<5S)lUlLILD $<S*T§J 

[£}(5?n<SV<oS)LD6V)LLJlLILD Q&<SUQS)<SUU U©^@«QcS5/T morfOj LD /f/£/<£/7<5 

<^<s5£jd ^gjUGSla&GijLb GUGVGVoms) s_65)L-UJGii<s8rrT uSl(f^iJuir(Ssrn u5)<sir 
<£/a/@p/«gj 2L.®faL-rr(§LD Q#([$&£lp(§LD ^£iLDrruiJi)p(g)LD 
^t&raSI(n)&(3jGMrt! iSpgj ^jQj<sk <5L_<si/<syr @(5<si/<sir $)($&&} iprreir 
<nmu®s)g> $<5V)<muLjrr6$riT! &>m<o$)mG\u &L—<si]<snrr ujdrGpu 
LD§$uurT<obr. GreumiLD iSlfpGnm LD$$iurrm. ^rj<sm($\ LD<svflg(nj&(§ 
^<ss)L-u5)§2j<SfT<sn /slLl/, ot/tl/, <s>j6vtl]> 2-$eSl 9 umflo^ (Lpgtrdliuanaj 
&)$\&jld ^j(sb(svrfLDd) Gurnu®Sl®LD; £-<sv&Gld «<suc$c9s <£]§)/£) (g 
^j(fjjuiSli—Lorruj fBrr^LDmi—iLjLD^Gpu? ^^mfr^)^rr<5k ai—<sijdr 

®S1$ Quj&rU6G)& > $lUlR$§l f5LD(Lp<55)L.iU $ 6S) GST GLj & G® 60 
$<SS)(SOU%L-.& Q&UJg] $LD§J @)rr)J<oG)LD<SS)UJ /JiJDcS® <§>lUfTLD6b 

<S>I$®42)}{S$ ®j(ri)§>)tprTfr. ^w§j ®jrTLp&®$)&mrT&iu &mL<sm- r&HLD 
<5Ttii<sij<ofr<5i] $frm Q<5iiils4. ^Lp(^u u($)$£5imrr6giLD, <^/@<si> 

<o£l8$QlU(Sir6VLllD L/<aS)uL/lb, @)rSJ&(LpLD, UITLOL/LD, G$(§njLD, 
(LpLL&i&LD, &p&($f])LD GLD<m-GLD6£ILD & /T <SW L/ U (J) S) OT /D 6*7" . 

<siS]@«@<« &Q<sv<!SL--!jrTmrT6gjLD 9 aojrrosrprrosrrTOtfLD ^© 



QufT(§LLQi^fT? ^m&Giurr® Gllit®& $<om<mg$ 
Grrn^rrut^oSl&LfGb «israr@£@ $n&w LL<s$)p$G$($r5&<s$>g>& 

^l$iuLLfrtLL-rr$aJtnTiu$ &il§i &frdjwfrm rsrTparrGSlonujGiu 
&rT6ssrrr&fgltufr& *&mL-.$$fTfr. ^sirgu ^rr^svuSld) uiii&GrrraSljpfjSj 

&<sm&(S)W(t (§§&(&> ubrr^fTLD GLL<svrarr<siS)<5&r $rrg,§$wrrfr&<ofitm 
l£G& <sf$G&&;ld 2l.$$&§!. ^®jfra<sir Q&iu$ ^drufii&onmu 
QufTjpnfLDQ) &i<smp$(sb (^m^^)(sb affifijbgi GiDm&rr sL.iBfr 
^p$$($uurrGmrrQ<symiipj g>iu(Lppprrdr. ^(^GniDa; sotujsWI 
miT^sr Gii>®tf&rr6S)Gii£ ^mh ^g)<ssfl<£ &rr<5mGuirGLD[T &(r<mr 

§jajrjf(LpLo ^@§$[j(LpLD G&rru(LpLD QunmQ Qiu(Lpr5t5<5$r. 

tgjOJ^mL-lU GLDUJtLJLD lL<m(LpLD c£tL(5)<95 cS5L_/£/c£jT r£l<S8)6V<SinLD<S6)UJ • 
<J)/<S8>L_^<55£3r. 6T&}^<oS)&UJ ^ 6£} ®J 6gj LD <5 fT fj <5W (£/) iB (SST f$ 

G^QQmrprrGmrr <snm$ Q&m65ym&(&)U upf5&j]Gu[T& ^jjgmt® 
^}p(&)&®$)<ofrJ5 GgQ)£)6brprrGmrr Q6xi<sbr<stfrj£ Q&>rr<okp]LDUi%. 
^jG^pujGmpiurrdju L/@/5jy qpuuL-L.rr<shr. GuDm&rr<S)Sl<m 
fBrrg£$ix>irfr ^J(§gii(§ld &<ssr§] <3s<sm(Lp(sk<surr r$pugrr&u u(T<$fi\g>§i 
OgujPIPJ Q&J<sfil®$)UjQ$rT&§>\u uGQ<otsxso& &isj-g>§j <s$)oj&jj 
&fr&§}{£g{rm; &rr<smuu®G<surT film lS§j &$l oSl(Lp^^rrm, 
&m&(&jj£<!£[TQm LfGVLbiSimrrdr, ^(Lpgfr<sk, ds^/rJ/W/Tsyr, u^tfilmrrm, 
^iiun^^ffsk, G&rrfrfBgnrm, &>Q)\LDrnf>lmnm, Gjiii&lGmrTm, 
^mmrriq.miT<srr, <si/ /r (Z/ oSlL® £5>€t/£/r€Jr, GiiuSlprSlp L/^L-^rrdr, 
Qg>tb6U(£j&<smGfr Qiu<sb<svrrLD Qisrr(Lggrrm, " €r<sk (3ld<sw«/t «Tis/gj 
GunmnGmrr*? srm Q&goguld £S63&&)pGgsrT ? gtg&t $r£j&LD 
uScurrsi) '&nu$.&&}pG^!Tj gtg&t isxss^\uL\prf <5>®nmt&&j}& 



65Af<oOTr/TL0/f) GuirosmGujiT &<smLD<smfl(%uj? 91 

&)L~&&)pG^rr? <oT(sk m rrasufl & «««sslL 14. <s7/E/(g LDGmrpjpgj 
GumusSliLL^G^rr? Grm u(^&(suq^<sm^ Srf) 67/5^« (gj<syr<g;j§)a) 
i£lt5&G»l!p(S$(T ? goGiuir! <st<s5t ojuSlgjj uprSl <sirf\S\pG^! FF&Guprrl s_<oir 
^)^.65<s3>syr <3j®s)jLJi3 <gijp*5U urTLpirdjuGurresr (^<smGS)L-&<sfilm 

Lb<Sm65)L-<oiS)UJ £_6S)L_<£<95 LD 17 iLL-IT UJ U ? G <9> UJ (SU (S DD / j2-<sSt 

&&&UIT ujggmg ^GFiiusSl <^m&>& G&rruj-iLi <su ($]}&& ifl<sir Q[5(6]jm&LJ 
iSJisrr&aLDrr l!l_/t wj/r ?" 'gigu^J &tjubrrftlujrT& gt§i<ss)& 

GiDrT®s)®$i®QmrT® lS^ £)/$<£ G&rrp&Gtnm ounnfl oj/r/fl ®8ff\mu<srr. 
\gi\jp$lu Qun(^LE\<oSTum. ^i<su(^<5^l.iu (Su^ostld G&>rr<5b<s»m 
s-'gs)<so<S8)ujuGljit<s»;& &n<smuu'L-L-§i. u(Lg><&&<& arriursg 
£jg) (5 ld iSl (sSJ (5 /555/ ^^;@GU(S3)<SD«®<syr G^ijSI^^gsusouGuitgoA 
G<s5/i<s5)QiiJ uLpLDnrdj&@}®jf5$ ®<sm&<sfrlGsf\m(r)] ^uGurri^l up^§j, 

§iqj)&$&G&rr<5m(j)\ &rTtp&r>p <sfil($\{&GB)<souGun<sSl(n)f&$§i. GurruSlskr 
G&nrtp&m gCdidiLul <£iiq.<&6$)GiTu Gurr<sv 9 " ^&&<s£l(§)(ip®sTG®sr 
(Lps&TGinirfni* re/rgn/r/p/ <^&G&<s&iprT<ob ^^§irg)j LDrrarrgrr <oT<smipuu^ 

G&gGgfTLD tS}<o$)Lp£G$rTLD <STmg)J <o^Lq.<StJ^§}G^fT(5mLq.(^^QST. 

G&rr(pa®frl<sir &($$(£) p £)<smi£i& <oX)&a®sxsrriLiLD £-L-ldg$)uilild 

<S>j<oG)<3F£gtf <gJL$r5UJf£j SITL-Uf. <5T<SmG<5muS\<sb ®S)&> <S5)<95 .fflttJOT/g/ 

(&}§$a(gjLD <3iuu$<56){£uGurr.<so r£l<S6)<ooG&(TGir<srr(T ldgo ^14$ 

S_(5MT<Sl/L/(o)u/T0Ll<55(oyr (Lp^(s61 OJ <SU p 1^1 /f) (^G LD ^/5^5 jpFTGfT 

GSl&GST&fTLDiTGsr r5rT<srnrdj (Lp.uj-[5$§i. <gi{£{5<ss>&uj $6S)<souSI<sq (sSiLt^Gkr 
&rnf)Lur£]&<s$)fflg grrm G&uj<su$rr& <#/ <su (55 c£ (g /2$)<sff)<sffr<si/,* 

g^oj^gv, ^jdjsusrrsij &tti?!ujld q?© (LpprfilGgjLD ^f<svri]Garr<svLD. 
Gldgst&it gm &GssrGu<sm gSlL68)L-®S}lL($)lj LSltjiurnsmLD 
Gurrm&rujDiurrd) <s>J<sbrfr)j & rr ld u S) <su {b$ ®sr g3lLu\.<sS\([^^^ 
QuiT(nj,iL&^aiG&GfoGOiTLD $$&ld ^(n)LJi$L-£(5$)£ qS1lLQlj 
iSlrriunrGmLD. ^oj^s^L-iu ^iSl ipujm&<<sri)& £)<omr£j&u 
urrg&ilijmj&Grr iurTGijLD u&& <suit$§?1 iuiEi&errfTtu (LpLpPEJ&lGsr. 
^LDL£)&(gjLp<sS) "§?Il£I ££)l6) <ar><95 <£/r" Gcumfgj [BmLiq.iuLDfrui-UJ§j. 



92 Gwm®ri 

G&iDLj&m £l.(75<ot-® Gu'nriu& <5<su<ss><a><£<s$L_£i> (LpmpuSliLL-m, 
£MOfi60&m^&rr68luui£iLrTtu(58rrEjGS)u Qundj&&Guffi<&(ipiLiq: 
^<sis)$$ giLui. Quj(^uL$m;&Qjrr&G®rrrT ^uld r$iijrrtLirr§$u§$iurr<o$r 
uj-uul «(d)sd«£~/t <s3iLiq-<oS\(n)fB§iLD, ^LDLDrrtsfiim Q&dj<otn&&(§ 
^udd>l<sb®s)<ooGtLJ <ST<skfr)] ®jqj)$§$ mnihsSlL-L-rrtpfilosr* ^®ULi&m 
^)ig./5^or. §j®ULi&6h <S£is$.PF>&>mi, <sHmp&<ofr 9 GD<sir<sw<sb&m 

Qmn<sm® $®m&\m. ^//fl^lci/ib 0(51/410 ff\&$ Giums^m. 
u uiT(LgLD ojtiSlipffiliptg) ^dr<^p&(3j&&*.L-U iS}<mrL-LDrr?" (orm^j 
$68>Gsr$45 <giLDwnm ^®ui3go j£<sm<s®$mrj <oiirrfr&§] <3j&(jh(§ 
/fijo r ili_-ii Q&iu§] <s6)Gu$$rrm* LO<s&jpn>^Q<3irrfflQiT^L-LQm<soiTLD<2v 

: Q&rfltuiTLn<sb ^/^5p@<sJr LO^s)jp^§j ^fLDLLam <su(f^S}norfG<sfTrr 
Q<oij<sinjmg ^fffiluj ^flL<s$)1—£B $Q®JL-Lq. GurrLLL-.<$mgLj Gurnso 

«/ril£jj_g2/ii <${§ii>9>nlt5& ^/^ai^ii/ii, Qu<smas)<smuuppS\iu 

gBfBj&LDLDfrm, Qldg$t&[t & it sm k ud p G u rr mg] Gunih, tBrrm 
&rr<om!TW(r) Gurrmgj fil^GLom^j G&ujuj f£}Qn<sm&i&<o)j<$is)<srru 
GufT®)& ^L-iq.<s€\p^u^uS](sb LDStnpfB&jj §juuiLLq.ujrr<5b g>6$)60(ip<f£6b 
&?T(sbGii®n(ju5l<sh {LpL^u u(J)<gas/ t$.ULq. &Qgv&l-.it &>®$r®s)6M\Ljib 
G^Q\uyuiq. Q&ii§rrm* <3jp&u Qu(njLDLjiu®s)6DLLiLD LDG$)Lp<smuiLif£j 
&®krQ) *gi$<sSI (§[$§] &uu f§)<s8)<ssr£$ Gprsj&prTgD-" &<ssr&(gj GiiuSIfpj 
GU6S\&&\pQ gasing <5T§${fi6giGnm &(n)tL®<5>&iLmL- 

GurrGmmrfLBl <gi<sun&<sfilu.L£> Q&n<$b<sonLD<5b Qu<smm<sm 

u5l($&§lpG$! ^)jf^ &$§!imuj <3<si//p/ luirirrT.uSlasjjLD ^^julSI 
uSI($uurTiT&&TfT? ^j(Bi^err&T fBL6(tp.^L^uj <$SlGrjri$&<sfi\dT 



mn<mmLDM) GurrmrrGiurr &<smLDmflGiu? 93 

G^/t® Gu&Gsnrfr. ^®n&<k <3<95l_l_ ^niu "Gurri—rr f 
®$)u^§}iuj&&rrrtrr! ^LD(ipos)L^uj <5$/5@ Gumu& G&fr$g>j ^jrjGm® 
$rr LflGto&iun uS\(ti)&(g)GiL. Qurruj$ ^rB^Bliurr u5)®[5$rT<a) s-L-Gssr 
iD/p/ <5/5@ ^^JLJiSl u5JQif)&&LD[TLLL-.rTmrr t ? ^LDUDrrS^rfl GurnugB 

<5/J>@ <Stf6$)jUL{®J@rT<sb lUrT(TF)&(&j (oOfTULD? <5£<mfr}]L£l<sb<0$)<SV. 

r§\®9wrruj{5g>rr<5kT ^)©«@ii. <=9//5<5 (jp<omr6$)!~&<srr Q&rr®S)60 
Q&ujuj(Slild <3i(§])&LDrr iL.L-.rr fr&Gm; ^p^u €5)U$$iuld <a?il£3)£_ 
®S)lL(£)lj Gurru5)(i])&Qn&u5l6b GusmonGm QqjlLlq& Q&n6b&n6V 
uSIip h66)$$§}gSIl-Q)\ 9 ^<su®sF\l„ld ^juul^u Q u mu Q&nr<axsS) 
uSlrnjuurriT&orrrT! (ormgjj ^@§$pr(LpLD §$ 14.^114. u Lfiis Q&n6m® 

^Qj(5ij(5n<sij u<s5)&&Q®(5hTm arrrj<omu5}(n)&Qr®§j? ^uul^. 

g<sfa&irrj<omQLD(5$r<5vr?- (oTsirfpnriT. 

• senrsih:- g-.6vr65)<muGurT<sv uuj-g&i (Lp lLi__ rr <sh ffir/5<a/gf)/Lb 
£g)(5<5565 LDrrLLu.rr<sk. u<mr^rTm&<W(Sft$^i7<smQ&iuujrr^ ( ? <gq<siim 

S_L_lbl5(5lS)(75/565 /5<S^c95c^(ofT ^Lp QJ, fT il5l [f LD Qug}jGLO, <Sl®S)GU&6$)<Sfr 

<^®&§l&Q&rrm<SH6orr ld ^GVGOGurr? <gjgip&rr &j£&>nm 
®j(ii)&&6vrTLD. (oTskmGGurr <57<sb6onLD r5rr<s5)®ir&(&}& &rr®s)60u5\(sb 
GS\<anri}&u ~ GurrQ(p§i.. ^(smanipiu u&<sg]LD ^JrjGijLD 
GurraG<sij<sm($)GLD! uiripu ihuGurrosr rjuSld) &rriL]rhj&rr<sv@ 
^)(5V(SVG0GUU uiLl-<ssw$G>I!P(§lj LirQuu($\£lp§i. ^]{RjQ& 
GurT6ST®-IL-.<m ^Gll&rjg c95/5@ <g168)]ULI (3<Sli(SWr@Lb. Gu&itld 

<s6)(/5/5ji/ <sfili—rrG$- (oKskprrm, 

&mwm- d5G)csD t Si_/r ^JGm^j & rr <svxsv uSl <sb <5£(i]j&rr frliuLorrai 

<5T6k(oG)®St GVrj&Gl&ITGVGSl uS\(f^^^fT 17. ^FTOST (SI/ fj<5l5] <rf) <S&> GV Q LU OSTft)] 

^gi/<sir0«@cS G&rru(y}<^i—rru5)(i]j&&6orT ld. .rj<sgrr& Q&rrQ)& 
SlpnrGrjfT ^j<sv(^)gv(Suj[t Q^ffliuoSl(sb(55)(5V i Q&m®&&rr<sSlLLL-rr<5b 
<oTm(S$r Q&iLi&lfp&}j? 



94 GLb<5$r<5srr 

p&eoeuirmtiljpGpI <mw&!jQi£®nW $ «r(tf @ g)©«@li@unr^/, /g 
®j{j<*Sl(sbm<so Qiuebrgy $rm G^rriSlsSlprrdr? ^Giisfo ^diojmaj 
SHpug&dTmu) ^^lil/ojot^^ot. ^drGVimuGurfGOGiiw 

s_OT@/^L.oi $n-$G$fT<^rjrriu<sv<swuGurr<svGiiLD /5L_l/u/t 

$GUg}j G&ujojrrfradr. $raj&G<snrr Gojmr® Qw<sk^j Q&iuu6uM®r- 
§®uum&(5& @@ Qiudr&i G&rruiT€V&rTL£) ^djiurr rj™>n& 

G<55l1l_/t<s3T. 6^/rg2/«/r gjLDrr&v&rr ^mG^fn^u iSlsnonGn g>m&(§ 
£L„ri]&<^m [5ldlj&&lL-[t§j - <or<sforr)iT<sh. 

QiufT(§qpLDfr^ $!$}$$ sSliL® Gr&[rfT<9;& &rr &u&<M&§$®sF\t--Ln 
Q^dr^j g>®si§] &LL&nL-u Gmju5)<sS)(f$jp$ 9(5 ganggang Quj®^SJ 
GuDmgo l8§j m<oU{Bg>rrm, ^j/oj/t l6)@/5^ ^^^U^>G&>fr® undjfB§j 

<3S^<g<565)<5 6T($)g§JLJ iSlfiltB&frfr. <SOTd5£JDL£)/T@5£jD <Jg®(T& 

§jiq.^]U^^§j r$<5krprr<sk. 

S)L_i__<ss><ssru ufprSlm ®S)<siirr&§?}<sb &) r$ gb r$ G ®j rr ld , ^j(sum 

gfBI&LDLDITGfilorrJBLDdi} GTQSrUGS)$& Q<5F/T(Sl)QJ^/ uSlon&Ujrr (8JLD. ^®J6$I 



&fT<omm£>!p GurrmrrGmiT &<omLDmsflQiLJ? 95 

'<sSl'iLui.(n)ip$rTm. *m6umi6$)i—uj Qrsipf$u5)<5v <3=rr^^j^ j§)fitf<5(ipu>, 

OdfTlBp L] 63) & USJ 65) <SV <S>i l—&£) (LI gfT 6V S_<OT£_/7 <55T &6&6SrU 

L/(sy)L_£ji_/£jD GTuGurTgi-ih @ot/$ot Coldsi) oSI 6rr&& n uS) (§ [5§j ^i<oum 

(Lpd5^@/f)@ c^/tp(g Q&uj§i Q&n<$mis[.(n)$g><m. ^<M6h &gv®S1 &n)(&)LD 

QurT(JI)L-®LJ L/<OT<^<£<3&i£__<£^)/£)(gj£J L/6D 6V(§6l%rEd&6fT Q&mfT)] 

Lj6V)&uSl6$)6V (3u/r®^<si? 5 Gurruf. Guir($)^<sb (Lp^sSlm ^jrjem® 

UlflLL6V)&&6fil6y]LD (Lpg<SV Gl) (§U lSl<sb G$r$QJf&$IT6k. c ty6±imi6V>L-.tU 

t£$®s)$ G&rrpuiDiTGW r$6V^@?i6&r 6U(fi)LDnr<m&$<&'^eumLD. 
G&dj&tfGiJjp&GiJiT. !_/65&>)/7<sir <950>q5? &&)&&Q&GsrfpGu<z!ir ^^gdikso 

/^(SUcFdF/ir^Ulf Q<5 c lZ/d5<S5)<5i;« <35/D<95<SiS)<Sl)OT)6U. $6V&&rT(&,LJUf- 
Q&dj^6gJLD ^)(Xpd5<S/T(oOT" GgBfT L$Q<Sl)m ^ 61! m £!)|§)<^<g> /T 657. 

(^LDfTstv^rr, &6m&(&ju LSmonm (tp§<sS\uj u^^^Giuit^ld 

<glGJ(!])<S5)l—lU QU(TI)6$)LD&(&,& (^65)pQJfTQST§J. ^Gijpffl^JLD GuifliU 

^@S$G>iuiT&f£j&®n<ofr<9 : Q&£iuj£ G^oDOJiurrGm s^iuifi^^ 

ufilL~GS)&&Gfo<SQ tStfOJGh G>gp®Sl6V6S)<SD. ^(flDdSlU/KSl), ^6U6V)ia(8j& 
^©i5^ £-.8>§$Gujrr&LD a_<SU65^@<SU GpGWfgdlJSlWGSHSO. ^g)<£<9$<S5><35 

GlU (T (!$&(§ <3FfT UbU&}6U{5®S)l£LJ GurTGWST) LDQ$&fr6lfilLlS^<5b <Sl//5@(75/5J5/ 

Qd5Ll_L_ ULp&& 6ULp&&W&®r><Sn<k &6m® ^<oli@/<S3)i__IL/ JBfBmglLILD 

<g\£U6S)®st <giiq.&>&iq- 656wn£.^5/r/r. jbgSIjj, rg/gi/g)/«35rg<s G^65)GuiurT6V 
&rr ulSIu-jld uGO&arrmi&^LD G6iJ6m6fr&(§G6iJ67nm ^/sy@ 

©63).Z— (5(95 C)S)<SU 65) <5tf. <^,65)&UJ /7 d) , c^/T LD U @1 6V g §$ 6$r ofilLu^Gb 

&rr6im£5)&rrrriujfT u5l(n>$$<sb ^Gumiaceju uijidu^lduiu ^)®^jy. 
<3{6ii6m g>Qsr§i 55«L/udr <si?£li^.(5U G&nrpfrtf&tg) LD<sbQ2i&&L-Lq.mrr sk. 

^/«c95/T<sJr. fi>?LiI$-(86D/7" {§)©L/lS/Dgj LDSUg,)/* «iLi^OTT/TOT. 

2_l_odl5)<5i) lSIgtt /totci) ajf/rtL, G^rr<sif5)(Si} l/lL® a« (/5 ld /r <s5)<su, 

<95<s3)Q;i£5)<a) iL&LDLD0ujfT gifl&tgyLD ^otl-^/rScE @sixsy/r', G5)&u5)<5b 

Q6ll<SrT6$ (Lp&LJLj <Sff>61/<£<5 ^ipliU LSlfJLDLj (Lf>^<s6llU6^6VsG61T ^/<SliOT 
Lbm§$(7)(§ 2-&I5& ^<5^L_CZJ/T U {T6mfEJ&6fT. ^]$@6X)&ILJ 

^l(somj^rTfj^G^rrQ\^{6iim Ggug/Du u®Gu-rrGisnTu5lG&r 9 UGmotflijGm® 



gg Qt&mT&fT 

mm^QfjmQi &&S$ujld Q&iu$iT6giLD, ^eujjgi-.G&fr&issHsa CTOi^ii 
rBwurrfr. @<s£lrr, ^QJ<sk g>w§i lj $.§>!&£& 6rmuo$)$ <3{<stiQrj 
&mr(j)\i$ui.&$Gb (ipts^iuiT§i. ^mrrsb (&$§l> &ul„ld, ®j(6ij&ld 
(Lp&G$iiLj<siJ!r)<o6)fD <^®jm ^$Luri$<siidr. (Lp<9S<sy@&rjLD Quppou<m. 
^]®d€g}}mL-.uj &UL-Ubpip <3&rrti)r&(LpLD 9 @y>/5<an<5<£ G&rrtp&^LD, 
^ojm lS§] iUfTQjq^LD (^(jijuufiiG&iTfflm&G&iu&m. sfuldu^guld 
^ld§j wmmtsfiluSlm lB§} <£/r£<si) Gsn€mLq.(^^^frn. SiL-L-irdr 
i£Q^rr Gwrr&rii G^fr<mnq.(f^^fTif. $rh®LDLDrr<ffl &rr LDU§\<^&m$& 
mrrmsnTLDGO ^(/5 u&w &&iuurrm; ^id§j G&wgos} t£Lni3mfTm 
SiiLL-®s)<m<k &fT<smiTLD6b ug&tf r§)d5!€i$(LpLD &Qt5^i(jfrm. oSLLLq.<m 
G&lQ$iLimj&<ofii<sb <s>j ®J gSI^gu (§ ld ^<sum Q&rr<sb6S)<so l5?«« ld@$&§} 

cgJ/^sifUL^GiU /5L_/5^/ 61/ /|> 65 637 /7. <5$LLLq.fh(gj&i G3><5V)Qd ujfrsm 

&rr LLirm&®$)m ojrr m(^&><oS\G<sorr LDpfp Gg>®s)<5)j&(o$)m& 
&oj€&fl£5^<oSl(S<sviT ^ojsbr ct^old /7 6157, ^ojtsir ffig^Gm LD/gfiJ/fi. 

<&f6U 6$)I &(§LJ U60GU<S6)&UUiLL- W ggftg G !J<m$S)l LD G QJ fQ] U 77 G L 
Sl®ttL-.{Un§I. £LD ®8lL($)& (gJj§)<S3>0Td5 & fT & fT (?l G UJ !T (£) LD &G&[T$rj 

Qu(§<&&) [fr K & LD LD U 6$ OH GQJI7)f$<o8)G0 U!T&(g)U <51S)UG8)UJU (_2 (£)/£/£) 

ix>or@(5i) s^(5 ^Jf?&@)iuld r$ipu6?l<sb<55)<so. Gu(ri)&>&> G&n<5sxsv } 
Gl&fr&o'onm (Lp&><s£liu G&<srv&6i?ri<sb &u ldu@)®jld (Lp^<sbrF>rrG<orr 
^nmnGmLD <n(Lp$£l@Sl($)€ijfTif. S)lLl_ot ^ontB GQJUj-&<Q$)&iurr&u 

UlS^^&rfU UfTff^^jtoSlil.® ^IJ&@}UJLLrT£S G&6U&lf&6f7JL- G W <5V 60 FT LD 
G&I7W<oSlG$®QJf7<sk. <^6lJJT&6fr<S>l!pg&<9 : fJ&<Sm& 0)(SI/^^/ciQcg5/76W(5) 
■&LD§! $fp<S8)LX>&(§&$(§!5$UUl. Olffgg&LD G&UJ§1 l^UU^ &Q<SO&L-ft 

Qummr?8 : Q&rnsb<s5l Qu($$$ Gun^m ^iliq- <s$@oj/T/Td5<syr. 
^f^mrrd) 14.il/Lq. &Q<sd&l„it gv^&ld (snirrij^Slipmj <sjqsi^j (d) u (75*565 
<si/^/5^ SlGfrLDiS 2£frQ[r<sb(5vrrLD <3iiq.uil.L-&j. ^Gi/irdUgi ^&§$rrfhJ 

Q«/7SWL_ai/t iUfTQJ(§LD ^<S$)g tyfSirifilp @<95 G 65 !T iq. (U fT IU 

Giumsumu qq$<s)$®fmm Slili^m G&rr($\$$ &Lq.@LD Gufitu 



<gb(T<mrn~LD(p Qurr<mr[Quj,rr &<5mu}<smfl(]>uj? 97 

G<3BI7Ug$5l<51SnTGb Gg&LD §j LSL&&&J . G U ifl LU &Q<SV&L-IT ^fBsSl 

@r5$nr<sb sy<5ii(§L-<m <S3i<£<$(g^jtf#^<sm<o?nf_<£(gLJ GuitiuI^ljuitij. 
<oT<smm G&'djojG^m^jLb (&jLpuu(LpLD G&nru(LpLD ^«ssTvp/ <&*.ul 

^QJQS)(JU Guifl^JLD <SX/<Sff)<95<S<95<o5T. LD$LDlU&&lil G&ITSm® 
j§) (/5 LD U <Slj LD &LD&H $ H p & (T <sS\ U$l <SV ^fTLLJ^^J ®S1 lLL-IT /7 '. rr®DfT& 

Qarr®&&uuL-<sfil(ob<s$)<sv «oTOT/pj 2L-6mfrr5&> <95 «sara tb ld rr <ofil ot 

$ <ZV) <SV 68) LD GS) UJ (51/(/5<Swfl^^(5i <5T<ofillU c95/T /fllL/ LD OT^/. @£F /i/ (g 

(^ul^^j<s£1lLl-.§j. ^K^uSlsSl^rb^ GuGiurrm^j (gjrjrhjGn&u 
i3uL^§}^Q3=>n-(omi-.§}. S(?Lp ^/7)/£i@<stf>c£a5)6u G^GGrrnm^j 
<= 2l®s)g& G&mLiJL qSIlLl-§j. ^g>&><o$)&iu $6S)(somLDu!]l6b ^/«(g/r/i5/@ 

6T<si/o5)<£ ^L^LDUfJLD Q & UJ IU G LD IT ^f Gll QJ 17 gJJ «<S^T<35 LD LD/T (SYT 

&rr<5muuLLi—rrm. ^jgiko^^l^iu G&nu(LpLD 3 <^,<£@/J(Lp£i) 

(8j$UL4LD ^U$lfJLD LDL_/li/@ Gu([J)&)LJ G U ifl LU &Q$0<&L-fr lB^J 

§$ (1$ ld lSI m . <jy <si/ g)/ <s @ &&ov[jr5n ld (1000-Quiufr&&rrrr<sb) 

s^(0^<3F<5^(^f Q&iuiu& Q^n i—fhjS\(smfrm. ^i§! Guiflut 

L«5)(o37"(SOT(5l)«(Sy5L_rfr <S7(££ Cp LD 65 /5/ <35 (g5 LD tymppj faUL <J>/ $&> 

mrr<ofil<5fta&(§6frQuiTLfiipg®ng Qiurr{5{&§i. 

^uGurrGg ^//5^5 LD®s)Lp&>(& ) ^(qS\ <=$j§>l<5b rB®s)6$nui7LD6b 
S)(/5<Sc95 (Lp iu d) u 6ij m m u Guitgv &6iiGrjrr rj^S^sb ug//5/S), 

£g)(Sff)L_{l5)<Sl) ^(S^fl/5^ <51i<sJu@£T^<S^65 (eL£<3(Si; §JJ&§>\& &lL.LSL& 

.Qarr<mr(§) Gldgvsv ^(/5 G&GiiaGir ulljlsl &Ggv&L-It ^(5/^^ 
^)l_^@/d@ ®j$g>nm. <gj®jGr><m& <5s<swl_ &rr ldu&\6uld 
G&nu^G&rr® £-$&>&> gj/joSJsi), "<5jotl_/7/ stw^bt^/s/cS^? GTsvrngj 

^l{£lLuL.& Q&L-l—fTfr. LD<o$)LpLal<5V /B 65) (53775 65 (Sligf)/ <£ (g /g (J) <£ 65 ££ 
^<SmL-IT{5<SB)<StiL](3uiT-<SO, <S>i ^ g)/ 68)L-UJ £5)65, &ir<5v&m 

^ &&&§>) QSTff<sb QojL-.QGuQi—mr}j /5(J)/e/£)<sw. §!<s®$ft$& i ] *sy®d<o$r§j 

6UITUJ GH66)fJu5l<a)- <SU[5&i G&KGV, §$ (H) LD l3 £> Qj£IT 6mGS) L-.&(8)6fT 

Gurrdj<s£lL-U.§j. ^giutGld^Jld ^^Q<mn(ii)(y)<stofp'qj)m<s&^w 

Sm.asirJ-S 



gg GiLD<SOT<®/r 

§£/&£> S9/£lH*-« <3<sszl«, c5V<5iiOT "£)<sSrajr (ai^muGm; §)&r®sr 

SlCL-onm G<sum6V<&&rrrrff iurr<5iJ(§LD Slmesr <sr®DLD(Tm 
OTcSnp/ (§$$$& ®JLp&XLD. ^&<sorr<sb £)l.ls37 USgi <5jG$rr G&ml 
Q&irw<so ^GiKsbr Qj$$ndn <stot£/ rglmm&p &rTLDU&)<suw, " <stwl_/7 
&Q3QS)g>! ^jojim Gllg» (oKohosrL-rr Q&rr<sb<sv ojfB&rrij? 
Q&(§LJurr®)t4. pirGm! ^§I$rr®n ^uoujGwm^j urrff^uGujrrv 
GufrdSlffls &(LpG&! §£© Q®j<sfi!i£l(ob" <5idr^j &n.r$liu Qj<sm<omiL 
€i(if)$§j ^ajmasr <giui-&&u umu^rrrr. ^ojm QrB(njUL$l<5m uBgj 
f$mfr}j §jL$.LJUQJ6ft®nu Gurr<sv j££E>&>6$&§}g> &®ff§J up&6$xsn 
Qiu^b(5VfTLD (S£m<o$)fDU-iLD LL<5$)[piurrLD<ob Q®j<sfiiuS}p&rr lLl$. s 
ci ®j<sbm<sv (5T®DLDn<s&! rjrf ujrr (oi^wnosf <su^(r§A^liprr n <57mpn<5$r, 

"^ojost mrrpu.fr umum? GTJ545& ^(^(s^^o^ujiljld 
GtiuGurr§} urrh&>& (Lptsj-turrgj! Gurr Q(SuefHu51&) <simprrn. 

g>m l8&lj r^ij^sSlrLpfB^rrspiLo Qu'jp$> t&ujiTrjrr& r§)mp G&<su&m 

GlD<5VILD< CC ^5/Tg2/<55/7 6T®DLD[T6$r (SU [5 §$((])&&) p rT IT 6T<sbr(prT (o$T. 

^65)£&QkLLL- &fT LbU&)QJg§$Gtt G 8> U U LD £-L-G®Sr 

^ts®si\®jGS)L-$&>§}. "lurrfr? g>rrff)<5bg>rrtjrT qj $$(§&§>) p irfr? ^.GhG&rr 
<gj<ss)Lp£§]<surrr <oT<sirpurr. 

G^lLl^(^^ [bLDg] &rr$Gg>n®sf\rjrnmi Gurfl^jub Q®jiL&\®nrrfr; 

^QJ(/5<S5">L_LLi Q§>&>LD (^mr^JUJ§J; 6T(5hprT6£}LD <£]&> (&jf$&6$)<SHT 
LDGftp^&i}, <^m<o^piLjLD Q&ffltTt£GliGS)!JU GurJOJ <oT^8$6$)&lLI 

&6vm(ipLD ^jGVGorrg (Lp&gGgrr pp&Ggrr © 2_®rrG<sn §}Q^Lp^rrn. 
u}, u u}. «Q(oDc5z_/fli__^^)(5i) ^r5$!jr&&.-^<sZr<S5)LjiL]Lh 9 w^iurros)^, 

<c$)lUtLjLQ, U6lS$fl<S$)6lJlLILD Q&[T<5mL-.QjQ fJGSrtt}} ^6U(!])Gr>L-lU (Lp&fhl 

&rril.ui.uj§i. "&rrGn<5v <to$$mCbg>iuriF (Good Morning Sir) <57(smmiL[) 
^f£jQw& Q&rrp&<sh ^gu(^qs)l^iu (snrri£\(sS\(^^§j sii/5^ar. ^Gg> 



G6UL-&&prrm68y& .LDrr'L-ULiipiT 99 

^(sufr <spmpp Q&nr<sbrfru G) l/ /r (/5 /5^5/1« &rrif}iur£j<9S6$xsn<9 : Q&tijU-jLb 



(ot^otg^ot ^/i/cS&L/u rsrriua&osr G^d^oSJd) GLostrarr- 

^(5/5^ ^/ <S3> p <£ @ <rff §JQS)Lp^^ LDaLDUDfi$UJ6$)](5S)L-lLI GUIU§} 
<9=pGpp&(& > 6G)pUJ $)(3LJ$G$(Lg ^)(5«c95QJ/7ii). £) (SI/ £j l/ r§)pg®s)g& 

Q&(T<smL- $<swr@ Qld(o61^^ &[fp$<s5)g £_<s3">L_euQj<sa7". ^jojm 
Qp&$$<sb S)tf)l$<snQq lB<55)& ldit£B§>)[tld <SLimiT£§!)(njr5@[TdT. gonGVuSlm 

/5/TLLi GLUTGSHSOuGurTGO (ipSZDSOT LDL-FEJ&I e9JGU61S)l'<SB)L-UJ &>(Lg&i®$)& ) & 
&pr$U Utjtofil (£pc95^@/f)@ <SijLp(&> Q<3Fdj£&jJ. <3S(^(^)LBUJfr UJ3 1 Q &$£&§! 

^)/l_/t/5J5/ oj<5yr/t/5@(75^^ ^£r<SMT(J) Lj(i])Qjriia(GfjjLD 

®j(oS)i—QQj(ofilu51m^l ^ujp68)&u5}G<ooGuj <$p<5M-prrdj& 

G<3Fir^^([^^^QDLDUjn^jLD, & <sm s <sfil <sb mu) 

^LLi—UUll.l^q^^<^WlUfT^LD\s^<SlI^i<oS)L^UJ (Lp&LD Qu<5m<o$)LD 
GniUlLjLD ^6m<5$) LD<o$) iU ILJ LD .G£ ($[&(§&>. L- UJ. Li5)d5c£ SU^d5/JLD/T £I/<5 

G@rT<mr$iu§j. ojrruSld) Q qj p ij$) <ssxso ^os^l^^^^rrdr. 

&_ L_ £JD l5 (51) L/61/6T3T Q U K £8} [T GVT&GS) 61Ta Q 65 fl OTffri_ LD <a?U 6$ (SffT 



100 Gwm&fr 

Gin&ufiljp U6V €J]lrj<sb&<o?rl(Sb <o5)<alJp'LD i Q&ldli, U^OS)® (tpgs<sf>luj<ss)6y 

<3$giigSI&> ^GvrhJ&rrrTgG&rr® G^frdr^liu 8D£5arrr<gj>sii>iJD$i 
u>jr«&iTiueNr, Qu>6&rarr6i]L-m Q^(^\rii&rTsoiBrrij /5lLl/<95 

Q&rr<smL-.Qj<o$)muGuir<oV ^QjQDm Gr$rr&&) ' ubSi^tsifCo 

L/gJT(£pg/QJgp//S/ S5fTLLu{-y "GlDGST&IT! ^sh<o$T(Lf)LD O-lL&tT rjIT W60K 

r£)(i)®fprTiu?.@l6xj<siJ6rr&] G[B[Jlo fflorrprrsb ssk mrrsb Grsrr&fr-gfT? 

UfTGULD (STOJGlJfflGLl GEPLAK UJ ffip U /T LU/ c9//5<£ G&FT U!T6]Sl<sb a_L_<95/r/T. 

£§)#>/ (ui7(rfj<z®L-Uj rfSL/r srm^j Giuri &€&m Q&&jiunG$. £^g/ 

^,OTg}/gg)i_JO SI? (J). (oTgDlAfT L- U). $ O) & 60 K LD K ? 6T61! GoSJIT 

{Lp<9HDpliufT^GU(oir <5Tsir^tl f£i®nm&&rrG$. S-rnmis^L^uj ^uSl((^<k(^ 

^uSlfjrrm {B<smuGGTrT& stot<s5)ot Lb$^§]&Q&rr<sh" (orskipirm. 

cgi/ <sJT6m u« «/ril^iUg/Lb, sysu^^L-iu LDpp^ Q&rrtp&(§fijLb, 
SjGUGsrgj &a Lnrr&tfrrg G^tr pp{ipw <gj®j(Qij&(&j<% &<z$r®5l(sb 
0&ip6ijG5TGurr6Oj£ G^rrsh^lsst. ^jj/ ^)/|^)/j ^n so^G^rr ppGiDfT 

c^VOT/tJ) /5/7L~65<£@<5l> $68)L-Qufr)lLD 6J$FTu5)<sh &!T tL@}GlUJT <5T m6mf LD 
&!BG$&&GS)$ILIL£> LDSSTS (§LpLJ L/<g <S"3)<£ 0/ LD Q<95/T<SW@ <S <£<££$ <5 J*/ , 

^®s)&GUfpfr)]S : Q&rr<2b<soff)fr}j'& <spff\ss)souGurrm r$miprrm. 

fBff€m(LpLD <St]&&(LpLD ^ <S1/ (gj £3) {__ UJ LDOTODcg <SU<S5)&&§J 9 ^Sl}<5fT§j' 

£-L-ldgb)U& @ct7/d<£ Q&iu@m. <$i skrip <sofr $25 ^rrws$)rj i&<soh 
&rrLDQum4 utLL-.<anguGurr<sv (Lp&LD eurn^d SGtp &®$lLp$&g]. 

G<suQiprr(n) §$&®s)& Gprragig ^I(^ldlSI GuDm^iurruj $ sirip usir, 
IdpLb &Lp<smro§j. <su<5V)Gv&(&><5rr ^«ul/lIl. £d/7l_ul//d[7, $<m<5$)m 

$®&&(LpLD Gu(j&&qpLD Garrmsr® g&l$uu<S5)$uGuit<so, ^oustr 

Lj&Wlp&l $mpfT<sh. <$$$&> QiLI®fTG)J®ffU Lj(fff(S^(5kr Gld^jld 
^m^sflL^LD Q[BQ$fijSl GiJ$$QS)$& cSO)I_.^c95SWc?W/T(5U «OTL/T^. 



G®UL-.&@)fDrrdr65)& ud/tll/l//d^* 101 

<9iil.Lq-(o6}p(gf <syuurr<5b ^us.Qijm^j <sS\os)ij^^i G^sk^j $<skrpn®[r* 
Qu(r§rM &^&&<sb Ljf?ltu<svrrGLDrrQ ojssnp/ $(5$)<osrt5g>rrm. 
^&&^$£imrr<sb Qjrr€S)iu^ S$p&&<9i <9^L-.nLDQ) GuiruSJpnp]* ^gfp^m 
S\$s>& ff)rii&rr[fu l/(/5<si^ot <95L_£i^<s*S)/£)(g (oT^ijqp^^l<sSI(§^ <$(§ 
G&rrunr<sfild) Q-iL&rrfrii>§i, "($u><ssr&rr! $ <sjosr ^pi—U 
Qu<om&®n<o(YuGun<oO ^juuuf-u iSl^mtii^Slpn uj? ^-<siTgg)/<gg)£— m 
2_imT[5J5 Lj$fi$Qiu<ofrm! <3]qj)6$)UbujrTGsr (SjGmOuDfS&m! G>L£6vrrm 
uisj-uGudrofr! /§ ^jauuj.^ Q&ujQd§} ^&&ifliULDrT& ^)©«®p^// 
rsn6V)]L£> ££0 LD<o$fl&i6$r &j,nQm! Guiuwgv; LSl&rr&diGV; &-<skr<sti)6$T 
<aS)(Lp/£/£)<aS)z_ LbrrLLGi—on* <&(&&itG$! &uutq. ^p$£ &LLuL<sSI<sir 

GLD60 ^_Ll^fr/T/5^/G)«^rfr. £-<S3T <S)3L-.Lq.<sSl(l])i5&tf £g)<Sl/<SL76TC'<Sty &JMJLD 

6u$§j ^&iG&> $!jldu fBrfif\<m^iUfTUj r$mpgmrr<sb &<ss)<srr3ig]u 
Gurru5i(nj&&)piTdj! ^jG^rr GLomoguSlm Glagv S^ich usmi—mi 
sk^ld, uLpr&i&^Ln <spprr<S(Twrnu $<s$)p$$(n)&&)<s$rp6$r* 
GGu<sssru^uj(Sijp<ss)p <&($@&jj& &rr u l§ lL®& &<s®muurip{f)l&Q&rr6rr. 
&r5G@rTQ$LDfT& CTgSrgp/ L^m Gu&. /§ ^juuLq. <sii(5/5@ rSipu6$)8b& 
&rr(om <oT6vr wmiD ^ju^ASlp^j. <%Qj®n<souuL-iTGg. oSlGrmS^uSlm 

£-uSl(fl6G)iLD GLD<svrra ld§!\^§}, <95<S3T ^'(tygtu LDrT&liu LDnr (offimauSleb 

<SS)GUggJ S^SWLD §}l®nil) Q6BfT(L£gl ^<o$WL-.QJ6$)<o5TLjGu[T<SV 6LI<Smr£](gjL0 
(^<SW(ip<o^)l—UJ LD ®sfl &> GWIT Si IU "<oTm®rflL-LD $ (511 /£<£ LSl p (g 
^<SJT67S)I6V)L-IU <95 <sSl G IU /§ fbJ Si ®Sl L- L-§} . j$ <oI fEJ gj Q & m p [T 6V 
£_637<55@U QuiT(l]}&&LDnrm &r&$®n$iLILD ^j(oku^<SS)^lLjLD $ 

Q&fr{Sg i l<sfi\iLL-.{T&r. /g H-<svr s^Lli^si) ^jg^l^oj^^oSIu. $)&(§ 

^uSlfJLD Uf£j(g) ^S^&fil^ Q&(ob6LirT&<SV)& <S>l®nL~lU<oVITLD. £-<oVT&(§ 

LjGSluurrGV' G^QS)Guiurr ? sumu §$p$§} Q&rr6Q; £-.L-G<s$r 
£_<5vr&Q&$5)rrl<sb qj^§j rglpt&jLb; ^ffi/r/'-S-jsSr (ip&$$GQ <S)SltuiT<SG)Qj 
<&(Lg>(&>&)pGp! <^&&@Ll®nL-.ujrr<sb §jmL-&&iL($\LDrr? <sq<5Q<so§i 
®Slffi$Q&rr<sm($) <si?^l1©ld/t?"' <ordrprr<m. <gi<z6)$& G«lLl_ 
Ginm^iTfsSldr ^uSlrr g/ui.$$gi. G&rru(Lpuy, ^<$jg)/7(i/>Lb 
&rrL-L-npfr)] GlGUGtrmGlLbm ojprLDLSmrSlu Glurrm&l Qtu(LprBgm. 



hq2 Gldgw&it 

^nm^G^rr GiDrr&&g$<sb ^t&uutl($)& Q&ir<smL-&rr<& .p<nrprr& 
SLmrrpprrm. 'g$)mm(Lp& $rrdr prressr$$esrrr<& Qu><srrmrii 
Q&nmn±(3P$n&, pm &pi3pG& gS\u^§! G$rrp§} ®S)®& otot 
fimmppfrm. iS/pir s-paSIuSlefraSI &asf)6s>u>u5l<& ®5)u<g>$<sv g)®* 
m&t3<sb Queisr&.iT $a<smQu>rr&r<5®pGiu &q$S$m, ldug^o^ld, 
GjpLjw fg}^svrrQ€um 6T<smmfl<mrr<sh. Lj^uSlm ®$rr&<m&iLiLD i 
^mtlGnmujLD, <su@2!<ss><suuiLb Q&n<smi-(Tm. &m$j £){j&m$ 

UD@$fl&iT eriii® GurruSlwfr? $fr ujrrrr? <oT<swm®sr j^<aj<aS)£_<£l§)d> 
£<s$flmLnu u&^^liu^lm &rr(jmrLD <ofdrm? $iu<oij Q&djgj 
§£)®Jp€®p$ Qpfie5l$§irr<& $ finr ®u(?u^ Q&dj$ 
<L.u&fr®$)<mr&mma ^niLi^^iub ^§} u@c5rLi>i_./5/@ QiD<sorr®si 
5L.^^S?(ii/T@ii) tsjmpmsrr. 

mr5mrr(Lp&LDiJD$j (Lpdr^^jLD & §laffi$$. LD&}Lp&&\ 
Q&a<sm(&t "uG<so! ^duGumaj ^Lpamlju Gu&£)p(Tiut ^m<i(^ 
offmtmr Qjn£l&&&Q&filtLiLO otwaj/ /j/rsir G&moSluuLLGL-dr. /g 
Gu&rGuGtB eStssmsr GUfT&luum&u GurrG$l®£G£)jpG$! ^m<mw 
ofs^w ®jrT&@§ju umsj-mn<sb (oTuuuj. ^\(§^(^Gwfi! 
^L.uQumr&mm& &<sSltufT<smLb Q&uj§j, l5)<sot<£<ss)<£<$ «lLlsjl 

i4^§$&rT<sSlujrTm s-dr^LU) 9*75 prtiflonm Qu&\vSl(rf)$$rT6g}L0 

GufTglGLD! j§)j5£5<£ *c95<5J5/<£(g> GOJ^J 6Tr5££& <3WS(LpLJD FfL-(T(^GlLfl / 

Gw<sm&rr! /g G&lL(§ld G&msfil ^tf^ffiiuwiT S(T¥,<kS]p§i; 
^\uQun§} ^§)/s/@ si//5<5 2L-(5br6S)i<&)L-Uj grrtLjLD, ^ essr^m^)! ld 

^<S3T«(g^ Q$filuj'lT$IT? ^OJIT&Sn ^f£}&(6ty(o$)L„lU oSlLisj-P^u' 

Gurr tuoSl L-L-.it fr&GGfr! ^/a//r«.dr £-.6mmubG$)iu SLtsir 6sflL_LD 
Q&rr^<s£)ii%(r!j$§jLD /§ (^GkonpLLfLD <gi$lujn$j>GLi®s)mu Gunwu 
.Gu&SbjprrGiij}' Qumr^(^^(gifluj f5fT€mr^§}(5mrr(5b ^uuiij- 
Gusr&ijprr Qmmu§! Q$ifl£)p§i. $■ Gurriu Q&nr<sv®j&i]LD <$>(§ 
^ip^fnu^frm ^(§^^lp§il umsuu) ^rnmopiD rgipSlpnGiut 



Od/L-^^p/r-rfrcwds; LDfiL-ULjprr 103 

np^<sS\<sb s_ild5 rr rr!$&ijQ& /t dr. l%)® Gu&<sorrLD. $g)u$mrT6b s^dr 

'.$mjQi <sii(5/5@ui S-.OT ^j(§or>LDUjn<m &rr<sb&m<srr 61/(5/4. ^jmurii 
Q&rr®&&L-®LLrr? <^G&nr Gu>ang)LB$i &rrudil 9 <5i$rru@, g><si><55/5^/, 
LL<sbG&rTGijnr, Q&dj<siirTGS)Lp, ^uiSlm, o/OGOGurr, GurrftLL® <spuS)<oir, 
(&LpL£tL4uuir<sb (Lp@<sSluj<oG)Qj ^rijfTOiTLDrT uj ^(5&£)<ssr/r)<s37. rBrrm 
<ot®&§} eurruSl®) 9§&iLi-iL®ilit'i <5T$k fjiTggrrglg)! i3<smrh]&rrG&>; 
<5Ti£]Ga; ^juuui. si/ /r/ 5Z<^«@ Q®jl-.®ldit ttS^^rrsi), $iT<sk <oT<m 
&<sm<o5)<sm ^uL&G&rT&rSlGp&r; (^u^gu^&j 9® (Lpg$r£iQ&ir($). 
^j(sb<oV^j /j> <55<sw<o5)^3r Qpu}-&Q<9brrm; /5/t<s5t <si/(/5&)<3/D<s5r (oTmprrsk. 
^GUGtoiGtoi— UJ QLDnri$&6h, ^jQj<srr Q u irorii &&&&>. Lq-iu sujjLDO^ui 
&L_r5&i]®5lLLL—m. <sp <si/ Q <su /t (/5 Q&rr<sv6g]LD ^jgu^g^l^uj 

Q&6S)<5S)UJILJLD 9 LDmgOnglLjLD $£iu&$£xl. ^§)(5 Q&<sfi\&<S$)miL{lD 

SWc95 ^Lq-aQ&tr®ML-rT(sh; Ganu(LpLD, ^^^ijjq^,ld <sHQS)<sm 
Quilht<!£&ulilLl- k^P^J GGiKskmGJLDGsru QurrrhiQ Quj(Lpn>g><5sr; 
G&&LD Qr5(jjjuurnuLJ upn^l <srifli&$§i. G&inu^LpiLi—LfGupp fflnj/ 
u<o$)6$r U-i ld LjGSluSlm Qfiir£&3>.<sis)$iLiLb gu ®y ®n qj ilj ld 
QarTffl<§nj-QLD<5bru$ji)(§ ^<smiiia ^Gu<sh <spGri umu&&<sSl<sb 
umuiBgj, f -g>/<sygn/<anL__i£j cggzptspgznaj 2_L-6S\®tf\m(Q} (^Gij^}(§sinfdj^ 
@0S) Qiujj$li5gi ^ojdr <2i$!p(§ Gldgo Gu&rrLLGO Q<5F(Z/a>/<siS)i_ 
$<ss)<ssr$$rTm. ^mm &*.tfi)uj <sf<sv<soitlj QwrTL£l&mm& 

Q&LLL-g>QSm<sb <S>l®J($iT)65)L-.iLI Ubm§$<5V 2-6mL-(T<m Q U(f$(^SpjpLD 

LDIT<sfi!65J&(SV)lUlLjLD ^)/J<SW£_/r<55 U LSm^Q $$ p§J G® L-&&K.UJ-UJ 

<L.fj$G$u<3) Qunrr£j£)Quj(Lpp&gi. ^(j^Cu^ <sfi\i£l$§} <§>Gij 

■ UfT iTGTKSlJlLJlTGb ^ QJ 6ft 6$T <of[fl^^]<9 : &IT LD U 60 (T <&&}& j&lT m 

&rjLDu§)6ug>$Blm q^(ob<sSl Quj<s$tu<s$){5& <s5/tl_l_ <5T6m<o®sfl6GTrr<sh. 
<2!®jm S-uGujfrS)^ &<skr<m &®ijLDrr<m Q&nr p&m<sw<!£&iTiLL^&^LD> 

Qu(^^G^<sSllULDLDfT^LD 9 <3F ff LD IT <Sff) 61/ UJ (7J LD $$&<&)£& 

■GSlp^j<sSliLi—rrfr<3i(Sff <zrr<sB7@/ii &tij&$Giu Qu($$$ gSIuju^uil/ld, 
8$<S5)&LJ6S)LjiLiLD 2L_asisrL-nr &Gi) tugi . ^H<Siim <s&u$$ujrijQ&rT<ck<@n)LD 



104 (J?LD6$T&1T 

$<s8><somu>mu] <SH®ni-$$rr<m. &mtpnr@xib r &u6t><5i>ujrr<ssr pnebr, 

^(skosfliudr oSlLul®) ^HGu^imi^iU <a/ ®u ®s) <su ^ffiiurr ld®) 
<3&&u<so$§>l<ssrrT<a) LDn^^irjLD $®n<oS)m& arruunipifi&G&iTmm 
0<mm&>$Gb $®jQp<m LD§$&$rr<sh. Gld^ld, ototott /££_<££)/?) 

^s/L_d5g)<95Qc5/T«OTZ_/Trfr. $<sZr & GW €11 ®S)65l ILj LD ^<sk @®zi)L/^ 

Q@iu®ULDrr<svr wf$®m&u Gu^iDn-^miL/LD $m<ssr$gi LDm^ip^m 
GwGgirg&^rjLh Q&ii$rrm. £§)<ssft<£ &®n &<sm<oU6$ya(§LD ^ost^lb 
£-P<zif <spiflf5&§J $&&iuQLbdrgj Lo^l^rrm. s\$j5u tS)puiS}<sb prron 
&6m<oiJ6$)(L-dr QjrrLp&<oV)& G&iugg] ^j^§jL^dr ^p^juGumu 
o5?l_l_^/ $&&iuQLn<okrfr)j ^(smsssfimrrm. stuu/t® u iLl-.it uSIg^ld 

®$®&gj GfoJGfUtfiijb G umbi £)6mpr$l<5V ®Sipr5§i £_(/5)/t 

§t!P^§l^Sli~^> $frLDITG5fl§iJ5(T<5ir. <S>J®J6$flL-LD (Lp4£<oSl<sb /£ UJ LD fT <otf 

Q&rrp&®S)m& <9&./$ <syojdr Lomong, wrrpp r£l<5V)m^&tf, "goiurr! /g/t 
uulugs)Uil\ld q^$&n<oQg>&>6$r{5€5)i£iLiLD urrijmLuLu Qu(§<smD>u 

/5/rQ<sOT<oir<s3r ^.uuu l/6$il//t? <st657<ss>ot oSip&GijLD <surn£]&<siiLD 

L/(/B6^gg)/<srg<5 <^l <s>l§$&n rjL£\Gbm<soQiu / siuuuL ^g)®**, /g/t 
(Sij(<in}&&LDrT& 6T<5$i®S)6$f& Q & rr <smiroj^j ld , <oT<s$r<o$rrr gv &rf>Ggbrr<oiqt 
inmL-UJ ifilGftmuu&iiLD ^(Lpdi&svGV. $fr fB<sb<sv eD&Gufiltu 
®j$f£®$muj&> Gpnmrpj£>}rf)fr. £_/&y<9s@5<ss)i_iL/ ®grr§$u5}<sb l/(5<s^/t zj<oi> 
Qu6m&<o5)<sa sl-go&ld <gi$liu LD<sma&6vrTLh. <or<sbr<s6)<55Tu urrrf&SilGgjLD 
fciGiisiimGojFT ^Lp&rrm Qu<^&m^<3suu®<Mirfr&m. <giGi}ft&®s)<ofT 
ioasnlji/ &-£jb(y>GB)L_uj Qurr<rij<snrr&>&i& Q<Esrr<smL-.fT(sb £-.ld§} 

^J&<S$)&U Uig. ^GLUT&sfr [BL^UUn /T«rfr. cKSUoft, Q?<Stf>655r 
(LpfB€SluJGlipQS)p<k &$)(£]& Q <35 /T (J) c£<35 su <°H rfl iu <% rr ffi UJ LD <5V 60 . 

U€mg>mg>& Q&<soaS)LLu.rT<zb 9 ^(jmr® ^Lpm^j sl/(/7j<s)£/e/<9s<sy5}csi) 
^aipss)ps siipgui Q&rr®$^®S]L-<svrTLb. iS)p(&> fglrj^rjLDudj /g/t 
&r&uuL-<sorrw. £§)/£<£ ^ipud &rr ftliu$§$p&ir&u iSlpm 



G<5lJL-&@)r$IT<ok(5$)& LDITL-LJ^pU 105 

L£KS8)6SraSl<SS)UJ 6U(Q)<3 : &LDrrUJ& Q&rT6mfrr5§j '&)65)p&&IT6in6V&(8jLJ 
GurT(8jLD (&tPpLD Q&tijlU<S0rTLLrT9 $\§1 y£$&IT<$£$GSTLD ^(gjLDIT? 
■ S) L/ CSu/T^/Lb- S- LD «55 @ LD <Sff> 6ff7o5) LD IT 17 ^j(I]j&&6D(T LD. ^jOJIT&dr 
(SWcScS G<SU66tirUL.UJ ^)L-LD6b60GMT $jgl? Su/TS5T|/ GuIT&lL(£)LD. 

$tf @)(r)]<oLiuj$5}<oiT <gjr$ujrr<5V)LDUjrT<sb G&iu$ £§)/5<^<£ &rnfliu£<sv)& 
prrm LD6Kr<s$fl@&}] ®Sl($)&}Gp<m. ^)GS)gLJupr$ fBfrdr Gqjqj 
<oTQjfr\L-.^,^\^iLD Q&tf<sb<si)LDrriLQL-.<m; r£l&&ujLD. <gju<sx/ G&oj^j 
<otm®$)6$r s_l_(5(^j7 G qj srfl uSl <sb ^@)/ul5)q5)(J)ijd. &-60&g§$<sb 
(ST(sb(5VfTLj QuiT(n)6fil^LL'Qu<sm&G<srr LDGol&jirtm Q.urr(nj<sir. Lnpp 
G urr(iiijLLa<s8)(5rTu u<omLD Q&nr($)^Gt5 G&rrm(mG<siJ<omr($)Lb. 
Qu<5m&<oV)(5nu usmiD Q&n l-R udg£ild GupsimuD. Gu<om&<5V)m& 
Gl&rrmGiJ&p&rr&Lj u<5m(LpLD GupGvrr ld ^^«sfu/rsi;, $n 
^_6Dc55/r55(L/L/ Qu<5m&6$)<sn LD6mr5§} Q&rr<5hm<svrrLD. ^(£l<sb oSlc^uuLh 
(^<5b<o$)6i)ujrruSl(5ir, G<sugt><5fuj<5$)[j& G^ul 6S)6u&§}& G&ntirrGYTGvnLD. 

^6lJIT&((5rijLD 2-LDLB§] <^] ? G$)<9F <95 /T ll (/J) 61/ U /Tc95 <SY7. /5/T<StfT <^j 6VT Gtifl IU 
L/(ffi61^6g)/<off)L-_J/J LD(o376W<Sl5?. ©^/T/g^cSS <55<SW<a/<S^<^(L/<o3T/r$) LDppQJ<5S)[T 
f£[T<ofa eSl<S^iQLD(oST GojgU U L/<ol/6Y7". (oJGm&sFlL.LD $ IT ^6V) &<o?T) UJ ILj LD y 
^Gh<o^)UlLjLD, S)OTU^^na5(L/ii Qup r£}<SG)<o$T@&6b, QrB([f)UlSl®S?\l—LD 

(^(sfrln&'Slo^uj <n§$frurr fruu6$)g>u Gunrmp^j grrm. £_U)(lp<ss)l__(l/ 
r£\ ®S) m G*! (otostostIl-Ld ££(/5 [Bik^ld u®S)ujiT&if. <sT(rfr<stf>ar 

^6gtfUl36fil($\LD. ^LD&(&,U q<SW<o^fU(£pOT3T©' 676<5T/ri/ [BLU(LpLD 
UlU(LpLD <55(a)/5^/ Qu>fTLfl^rT€fr. 

<5Zf)/5<oW/r (Lp&LDLDgJ L/<S"3T<Stf7"(o?r><95 Q<SFUJ^j 9 2-<skr<SV) £&& 

QarT(<nj&LD ®<s$UL5}<sh(oS)$iT Giudrpfi^jLD <95@ii. /§ G&mS\&>&j}& 
&i±r5gj Q&rrm<sug]LD arr^p^ ^®rfl<s$)LDUjrTiu J§)(/5«£)/djj/. /5^^ 
<oTgg65)<5trGiurT Qumr&<s6)<srru urrfr&>g,rruj<oSliLL-.§}. (SiGoG^n^LD 
(Lp^<s6l(sb ®\uuis^^^frm Q&i7<skmnriT&®fr. Q&(T(gi)& Grsrr@&>)<5b 
<oTUULq- LDir$mrrfr&<sh GgffliLfLDrr? rbrrm ^jQjfr&<o$)<orr <si5)/l® <s£(5 
^IlEIg^ld i3itiQj$rru5l.GS)iLD s^uGufrGss ^Gufr&m 2-uSlmrr 
<sS\iL(S\<sS\®GiifTfr<ssm. ^gganaiu &<sifau)<ss$&Gfrnr-u5l<ssriT. ^uuis^Guj 
$il\ld G&djiuLjGurT&lprnu. Gu<5m&G<sn®npn<sb ^uuiJL.&$rTm 



106 Qub6$r&nr 

OP^gSIgo i3(5m[iis(pGi!mr&LD Gurr<sSI($&£lfp$i- ^tot<s@ j^<otl%/ 
<Qtp!5$ &rr$<sb ^qi)&&}mp&rr ereir/p/ urnr&ggj Gurr^jih. ^rrm 
^(sb<s»rr m)^^fr<svrr US§i &$$5Hljld Q&iu&)G{p<svr. @£)asFI $Giu <sr<sir 
suuSln. $Giu (otm prruj&l. $Guj er-m Q&gvqjld. $Guj $rr<sk 
Q$rr(LgLD ^(smt-Giim. £§)£<$ a-L.su ^Lfi(}^rr^jLD $nm 
o_®sr<mmmm$l Goj^j Qu<5ma®n6tra &mr<omn<5V urntuuS$<a)<s8)<so; 
s_ot l8§i €T<ffl&(&>mm ^m&muj r&ndr €iuuu^ o51r?lggj& 
Q&rrw<souGurT&lGtT)m! r&rnh ^f^j oj^o^ld, ^uSIijlb ^j(§q^ld, 
G&rru). Qj(/5«$fLb » £§)£5<£ £-<su«ib ^ftfiafLb ®j®r>(ju5l6glLh, <s^drprnui 
&Liq.u$ (g /sg/ ^£&n_/Lb <sygtfu®Sl£5gn-§yLD ^§j Q&®SliLQ\GLDrr ? st<sot 
gkG6)& (^GmpLLjGiLfT? r&rrorr ^jp^rro^LD "Gi&m&rr <orosfn)n<sb 
$im i3(smiD <5T(Lgnj&ii 2-LL&rr(njLD 9 Grsbr s_l_ldl/ LD<omQ<smn($\ 
w@m<omn&> ld /r /75?@yzJD, (SldofcS/t oj(§S)prrm otot/d /r <sfc, 
^Gu^am-iu unr^LD Gr5fT(§GLbrr ermgtJ c£/j5<5 LDStfw G)/35S)jp/5^/ 

6uD€onr«nr:- urr^^lijLD(^l^§j i3^<s^3 : uSlL^G<^<sm($]<s^LDUjrf; 

^Gft&lUfT®), £-LD65)Lb FBfT<sk <5p(Jf) LDGsfl$6tiTrT LU LD^c^g/ LDlfliUrTGS)^ 

Q&uj&ij LD^jGwdifi g(fjj&)Gip<5h. ^Ig£b®n&uj zPiL-rrg &rr fi\m{&®r>g>& 

Q&£lg $!?, <5T&ST&(8) £_<$<SlS ®65)L-&(&}LD G<5)J $L-{B§l<5b 

^(njr£$£rjrrmiT6b ^.ldqs)Id rsnosi Ln®sflai6$r!T&Q®j ub^i^^iGfjfm. 

G&W®)LD (B FT vSl g)/ LD &<S8) L-UJ HIU ■ LD$$gi <95c£<95 LD /f? UJ (T 65) <3$ 
Q&UJ$GS)lUtSl tfi\(Tf)UQu®n. ^idjQLi!JQj £_LD6ff)L0 ^/<5ULD@<£(g){i 

otototAlijo /f /r ^sy)^ G&nmoj&iGSTiTGb uiuQ<sxr<5$r<o$r! g„<soa&§il<5b 
(oTgirg}/<og>L-flLi «(swsiicsir 6£(75<a/(3<s$r <stw &6m<o®$ (£>(&> u l/(5<si$*<0OT<oSt/7$) 
Lnptpojfr sSHLp&)<sb<svrr&<$ijif, (§<smuS}(5b<5i){r&<siji7, ^gw^ld 
uSltsbwrr&GiJity <spm^jLBipp u<9S/t<£<rir. £_£jo<sff>LD« Q&rru}.tu 
u&s)&<su65rrT<9s LDS^g&u (sDsi/nj/dsgjib <oT(rfr(5y)<s^r G) si/ <s$ u5) a) 

&6mQ<sm($\&>& l ju uititlju^jlb Gul^^^gsiCd. 

mr&mm~ (Lfmmona Q&tu§i). <oT<sir\%i f <s$)& f5rruj&) f iu6b<o0<5iirr 
/g/ /f <oTQdQj(5KT<oi{ G&rrL5i$£rT6giLD (oT<^r«(g 2_<si5r lB$j G&rruLD 



■GwL-&ffirpn'mm& LDirL-ULftprr 107 

6Td r®S)l ®S)L-UJ £_a5)<Sff)/T(L/LO, LOOT<oZDc9${L/Lb, ^<5V>&<SV)UJIL]LD QcS5/7rfr<55)QQr 
Qc95/7<SOT®<S>5)l_L_/7CL/. S-CSt. L/ (7J <S)$ <OT" &_rirc5)6OT <5T<olJ <5U 6fr<Slf <o$)<SM&tf 
<£iiq-3>§l& &L-®@ ^/<sSTL/gl/^^)(SW/Tg)/lb /f <£{<SlJQ»6$rGlLJ 

eSlc^LDi^SlprrGuj. ^.uulsj. /f 6T<sar<S3>OT ^Lfilojrrdju Gu<^<su^ld 9 
$Lq.r5gj Q6iJfr)]uu&jiLD <st<o8T<£5@ ^jmu^GS)^ $($®<skp<otf<oiJ<obrr$ 
& f ldiULLn&>{£ G&nr<5brp®$l<sb<s$)6V. oSW?<su LSlt^ojfr^ih Q&ujiLirrGg; 

/§ (oTGlJGUfofTGlj $JP§$[JLLrr&U Gu&)<5STrTG£lLD 9 ^J<5V(SD^j QoU^j^^U 

Gu@)<oGr(T60LD [Birm 3-.<ok<o?n®rr <sS\L-uGunQp^\GX>GS)<so. <si®n 
u®a®n&&(&) ^/(75 S) so qj/5<5 Qu<mrLDuS)<o$)<sv $rr<skr oSl(g) 
Q<$u6ismuS\m <5Tm<svxsisr& <ssi7lLl^^ild ug>fr <si<sii6V)ild £§)(/5«« 

LLfTll.L-.rT m. $ <oTUUL^iqLD (oTmG^IGTDL^OJ ^<afl/5/<%OTcgffi /Qfg <Sll$Gg> 

$rj G<su<5mQ)LD. <£im& /g Q ®j n()j u G u rr (£) Q&tu<S)jQ$)g<sfi\L-. 
(sSl^uGutt® Q&iu®jG& £-®st&(§ld r5<sk<5S)LDimT<mgtf; stsotcK (g ld 
r5m<sv)LDUjrT6$r8}j. ^-^/«{gjc&gj ^G/j Lf(§G^<m L£&}]grr<sk q5I(t^uuld 
<5rmuQ@<oir<oVT? <oTi£]&(ofi}L-.LD GlGvnpjuGlLHobm? ^/5^5 ^®n& <S7W 
lB&jld £_<sw£_flr(35Lb «sTsiTLiioy)^ /5/T637 ^_OTr<i(5<s &rr LL®&)Gp<s&T. 
^!JLDU^^<sb ^uui^^^ndr £§)<25«0ii. <sq®n&>u uprr5l& 
&Qj<o6)<svuuL-.iTGg. LbrrppLSlGVGimg ^r£j&LD<sb<sv<siifT /§/ ^diGu<sn<sii 

L/ tf © L/ £.1 © c£ QcS5/7<oW/775<95 £_<StfT<£n <Stf7 <oS\C(^gS\L- 6T63T LDGVTLD 

&&}&(§LDn ? ^6ir<5Z)p&(§ /5fT(s5r ^<sOT«<E(5£)g2/Lb <sii(/5<si/J5)<si><szn<su. /§ 
mairuSloniLD ^>&rrrrLD Q&=ilj^jq51lLQ) ffr&LDrrdju uQ)g>§j&Q&rTQ(T. 
S)/7(otG)l_^(5 r3fT<s/fl<sb $Guj gjwc3>ot <sS\(tT)Lbn<sumb. 

(giDarsnr:- (G&rr us^Ggir (£)) ^_ld«G<55OT ^GiJOJGrTGij q?soti 

i3rjiurr®S)& ( ? ^(j^uusm^ LDfrppGijLh ^jgvgvit^od^ £-.6mL-nr& 

<95<S1/LD ^-LDLLfTGV ^(8jLDfT ? fi fT uS\ 6VT GU IT GV GJGST G<%fT GS^TGVmLl 
^@&£)pQ&<5h(r)] /§ /T <3c95lLc95 (ypif fl/LDfT ? <&<sbGQ§l <3]GS)& $L£\frS>& 
^LDLDfTGV ^f8jL£>nr? LD<oGfljB<ok G&tTptfjlGO &<5b<5$l(Tf)&$l pQ^<Smg)J 

<S>J<oS)& /§«S)<siS?lL(5) <5jrnT<snwn3>u Gufrir' Gunrjjrruj 
^&uu®!i3pQg<oVTfr)j 6S)qj&G&it<s$)<5V& ^<mu§j€mu.fT ? <sr6m 

LKjTjGtfjGbT <oT6$T<o5)®tt& Q (95 /T ©65) LD !L/ /T JL/ fBL-^^J^pfTlT, 0lfQ&IT<sh<oG)<orT 

Q&rTffl®s)<omurTdj <z%®n& GmGU&&)r$nr. ^^G^rrrGV <orm®s)iG$)L-UJ 
£-u5i(fi)&(3juS}rnT6isT r&rT&>®$)Gm f5nr<obr qlJ]gv&& (LpLq.iLjLDfT? <sygjj 9® 



1§8 GLLGsr&rr 

[BfTi^LD ueSIAsA OlUI-uj &rriflujLD$b<5» . /g /t ermmm g)-uuq. 

u><sin<ssr<sSI<s8)UJ Ggu^j ®>($<sw5vr ^ u&ifi&giuGurr dj~& <$OTc£(§ 

(S)c5«@j£b? £§)j$/ 9(jf /5/«fi&6y, GaLimri~.rr-Lb; si5?l_® 6iS)©(jd. 
S)^/c95/rp£i /f/T s_u)(y>as>i_(u L£)<^araM{_^j£)<si) <&iQiu®$l&&rr$ 

^mi^uju Gurr£)$fr? £§)/5£ <sE<smnm<svu$$$ujg>®s)$ q5)®£jd. 

gDr&enrrr:- (qdrff\^uGufT($\) $ <si/«S<s$<ss7 Q UGmL.fr iluj. 

ujsbwtojrr! ®j®&<sb&<sir ^jfjmr® ^lL^)uS)q^ld Gu&<simir&Gm. /g 
SW qjq$)[juSigo ^m L/o^sir &LL@)<smu6$ ^fT&&)uGu@)mnGtu. 

®jljGufT§J 6TOT &L-HF)6S)Uja Q^fT(^<3FLD Qu<5Fr. /f Q & IT 6V ®}J L!) 

@ojQ<sii/T(75 Q<yrrd)g)/<£(gLb ^uSiijld <&unuj d<$h) (<&*.<sSl) 
g(n?)&}Gpdr. fsrrm £L.m qq$6fy®$r &LL&l<smuLj Gu&&lGfD<5tr. $ 
&Tm®sflL-LD wrB&dG&LLL-UL^iunGb 2L.m L/o^A QhJ<5m&ir8!} 
&\<sb(SOfTQS)LHUfTGb <su(n}$§}®jrrm. £_OTc£@u u§?l6vrr& 6T<sbrG$)d<z5)L-Uj 

LL6m6W6fi\6$)lU ^ 6V)J U L§ @S) ®&)G ST) £97 ". & (SU 6$) <5V LJ U L~ K G g . /§ 
^)/E/(5d5 ^)(5/5^/<5l5?®; (57 €11 (SU GTf G (SU n UL^^g $ 2^fhJ^dr 

Hprr<smj£mj£ ULq-&&<s3<ob<s$)(5DiurT! y^OT &rT<so8>§>l<sb S^GpmuSi! 
g>[5§J Lj(^(Si^(SS)fi LD<sm$§} $qj)U§!i ^JG^L-iurr ldgv ^ipnojg) 
l/0q^<s5t G<oiJ(smQ)LD 6TfflQj ^®s)&uuiLi—rrG<on. <gy<su<ois)$rr uf£l 
<o£)rj<5G)8)&<5fi}<sQ <sp (§&)§>! m rr&g> &>rrQ<o$r $rii$6n $<5®m&§>\$n&®r. 
<5ion®$)m&> ^q5)/j /g ^)ot(5otld /5/tot@ l/(5<si^/f Qj<ss)/7«iS)a3 

c^<S&)i_-UJ<SU/T£i. ^^f)@ ^/L/L//T)(3£jD /f uG$6fi)!J£53><S8)$>' 

^JLp^^GumfTGumu; ^{^j(SUQDfju5l(sb /g u§$<sS}rr®r>g>t5rr&t. 
&£u®rt6i)uuL-rrG^. gLgirg)/<sy)i_£Lf &<sm6u<sbr .sh^IujGoj /g ^l<sv)g& 

G&djtUGVITLD. Q&!TLSl&&[TGg>. /g/TOT <S>f([fj§?)<sb ®J [5g>J &-U<9FfT[rLD 

Q&iuaj<s)Lil<5V6?n€v erosT^j gikwj^ld Gun<sS\(ri)&§!\<p§j! ^/uuuj. /5/T<sir 

&-osf&(& > £§)<rfT/p; (Lp§>60 G&oj&gvt. £§)G><£/t <su^^j <si5? lLCS l_ot. gtgSjw 
Q&iuuj Geumr(^Lo .G^rnsb; (y}£gr£iQ&iT®&&LL(£iLDrT ?&_dr 



G(5lJL„S : {F)(p[T<ok®$)& LDrTI—ULJff)IT 109 

&<sm®J®tt (o)c5/T@<£(§ib (Lp^^^m^u Gurr<sv £g)(2j/5£/r<si> 
<m<sii£5§i&Q&rr<?[T. &<9=uurr £g) (5/5^/r <si> <s>j65)g5$ §$(iijLji5i<& Q&rr($)&g] 
<5i5)(5)" gtotaj/ L£>&\Lp&@\6$)Uj <sq<skif)l& G&rrug>6$)g><3 : ^Iij^^jld 
&niLL-rTLb<sb-Q<suui-<k<sto&iuiT&Lj Gu§)iu ojGmasisrLD 6T(Lpr5gj 

<S>] GIJ <5&)6fT U U <SV U &> <3S /T /J £JD Q&UJIL]LD <oT<oS5r<om8)&j] L-Off 

&ni£<s&&n$!hjQ&iT<smL--6iJ®$rrruj ^GiKsmm Gr5nr&&l n5i—f5&T<oZr. 

s^i_ldQu<5Vgvitld aS)ujfr$$§i. £_G/j/tljD£jd §)®S)frgg&tf. LDu5)rr<&&rr 
Q<5vd)<svrTLD Qr5(njuurr& <5TiflJ5$§i. &6Z)L-&)ujrrm <sfi)ui5§j& air<s\)LD 

^aULIL-fT LD6V <oTUUU}-g $U Lj Gll Q $<5mU 6$)$ ^ll^UJrr LD6V 

&6or5J&)6$riT6rT. ^Gusir &,£&&(&) <gj({Fj&)(sb «si; (75 (ipm j5®h§j 2L.u51®nprLj 
Guit<&§>)& Q<xrrGhrGn (SULfluSld^^rrd), ^j^Qf5[TLD^i(Su<srr iSlsmiDmu 

^lygLDrr&luj ^.c£@/T<si> Q&\b{s®5)<so$ Q$rTL-.r£j§?)6$riT(srr. "gyGiunr! 

glGlUn! ^g)/5£> ^)l_^@<51? fL//T (TljLbl<5b<0$)<SVUJ(T f £§)/5£5 ^c£S/JLD<£<Stf>65<£ 

^(J) l/'u/t /r 6^j<sb(o$)6VUjrrf goGiurr! goGiunr! <5urr(rijrij&6rr <sinT(njfi]&Gir 9 
Q&rT<zr>60 6$(Lp®pg i j' (oTon^i Qu(hjld. e^&&<sQL-L-<su6(Trr\u 
u<s$)^u6S)g>£F>§i ^}uurr<sb rB&frpgrr <srr. G&rbmrr (LpaLDLDgj 

S>j6VL-@}UJLDrT& 15<SlS)&£5gl, "^g)/5<95 £§)*—*£ Q UlLiS^^DUJLJ G U /T (SU 
^(S$)LD&&>UUL-L-.&rf. /§ <o7<Sl/<Sl/<o)T61/ 8a.8 : <9 : (oS\ lLI—U ££>] LD , S^tS^Dc? 

Q gij <offl u5l <sb G&LL&rrgj. <o?m ®fi<skrurr($\ uQ\S\pmh? 
^uSlG(sorrQp><SFQS)UJU Gunrw $j(itj&(&jld &_<sir (gjj^vnrcsb urrtq. 
(oTGsr&t&j $)<oVtuld Q&rrQ)\uuQS)g> oSliL® (SJcsot @/j<^<sd $juutq. 
q5)«/t/jl/u(5)^@« G&rrGh&lprrdj! Gu&rrLDd> ^uljjpld ^(^ldiSI 
r£l(sb; £-®sTa(&,g Q g frl iu n ld <sb $rrm tS)mmrT(sb <5vr$§j &lLu}-& 
Q&ir<5h$£)Grom" <ormgj a^^ltu QjGm<smLD } «Ll/^gyi;© ^uurrcsb 
$l(nj[5$ GLDm&rr<sv>®Li Gprr&S] Goj&HDfrdj [5i—[5&nr<sbr. ^Giidr 

GlUlfl&jJLD @fb(P(LpLD ^@§$[J(LpLD G)<£tf<SW@ ^{ <Sll <5S) 6$T 

65)GU8i]Q&rr <5mGi— &LLLq.<oin6oS : &rh]i5lQjrr$ Q$nr L—iiiGzl&nTrGrT. "^ot 
sSlshmGfTiunruju LSIpisgi, <ST<si/<g)/Lb $juul^A Q&iT(Q)&(LpLD 



J1Q (5iD(o3IcS5/T 

wmLL-nm. er&GorrLb giipip$ l£)([$&ld! <gj(§Q<sb ojrrf 9(5 o»® 
urrfrAsGorriD. r5rrm&-&G3ujpp Qu<5mQ<smmg)] $G6>m$$rrGturr! 
r&rr®»QJLJ L3&rBiSisQarrmTQi stot s-uSlanp oSIiLl-H^jid qSI($iGqj 

GU&UUL-lTg!" €T<SmgH LKSVOJiTfgJ §Hp$ GucrrpGtyLD <^$1 GlDm^FT 

G&nifl€s>tLjS) §iug>§}LD G&<su®s)<*vuGunGO&> &iLi%.G5)<so& &rp$& 
SrhSu tS)!jgLL&6®srLD Q&djiu$ Q^fTL^rhjS)mnm. G>LDm&n <g]®j<m 

<S{drr$irTGii (ip p fj$) '§# ld <$ ub n p n$l , <gj ®j gpi an L- uj <si5?(5fjuii 
f§<s$)pG®jpfT oS^ld Q&ujoj (£}mm@&(T<sh. o-mranunuSl®) ^ojerr 
^<sm &)m&i£> <stotu<ss><9> <3i®Jffl <g>{$iLi®Sl<5bm<5V; ^su^j^L-Uj 

Q&rTU£F>GS)g>lLlfhl &>!T iLl— LDGfTLDippGlHSSnT IU ^GUOfl ^&tf arTfpjLD 

S]®srurr®si QLDFTLfl&<ss)6tTGtu ■ Q&rT<sv<sS) GiirB&nrdr. ^i<sy(sh Q^(J) 
G$ijL£rr& <^G(j L5iLq-GUfT&L£>rruju Guff)£ g>di®s)m <s>i<oVlL@)ujld 
Q&tu@m@& &>nmr, &>6m—&\u$\<sb rtyQJ ®s)i <o$)L-UJ GurrrpjmLDiLiLD 
®S]<soQiu&ii. 9(5 QuOTn5<sfr<S3)6Yr<£gj ^]<5ii6u<srr<sii lS^lsuh^ld/t/ 
®jG^fr 9(5 r£lL£lGqi$G>l®) ^Jojonsw <oT®$t oj^uu^^^jSlGpdr 

^.m LDGVrSjJ G<55/T(5OTTc5c^L_/t(d)^(o3T^/ /5/T(o3T ^) &jj <sij m p u5i 6V 

^rrLL&mfliULD ufTir^G^m. s-mmmu i$Lq-&&(Lpiq-UjrrQ&>®nft)} 
$lmm$fBn wn <? ^jGgrr urrfr; ^/®^ j£}lSIq$ld &-<m LDrrfrqLD giok 
LLrrfrLfLD G^mpmu G&rjuGurr&}mp<ffl" <oT<5brprr'<sbr. @/£/<35<g 

^jsum ^uGunG^ ggirgn/MSl/r Gunih^iLi-^n^ i£>@<5<95/t<syt\ 
&g$)L-§) (Lpmp§\mrr& &iLm.<z8)G0<sSliL($\ i <sHj£p&uurT60 
^musmL-m&m <as)(oti&&uu lL 14.(1]) ria & Gld<oG)®d&<5sul]pld 
$Si®s)rfr5Q§rri$.<smrr<sfr. <gyuGurr&j] ^pG&iLiGvrTiu ^Qj(^os)i—m 
sefilm oSltfi&m GLb<s5)®Qu5l<sbr iS^^pg QufT(j^iL<^<o^m G^n^^osi: 
wrr LDULp{£j&®nm r5(T)]&(g)<oi]&p<%rT& ^i^}<sb 9(5 «^^ 



G<ML-<fF@)prrm<o&)<ss LDfTL-uqprr 111 

<53)<SUcSS<55 U LJlLu}- (75/5^6^)^« cSS<S337L_/7<Sy7. ^9/^/ ^ (537/7) 63) /7<£ ^FfTGMTGfrGlj 

/g<s337@, u<snuumuurnb& safron ld iun 1L1& &rT<s8sruuLL.i—§j; 

a<smmfl®nLDU Qurr(Lg§dGb ^gugtt ^[5£& &t5§$<omu& 
<^&$Q<so®&&tf<kQ&rT<om(§) &GU6&P ^GtoL-jl^ i '(y)^6to&& &Gvt%<sb 
&rrir&§d, <gjGUGsfl(!])J545 u&aih ^(t^ldlSI j^\qstqj <55<s37<s5@<sy7, 

"FF&GUfJG&GbGOfTLDGOfT QlJfT(Lp§J GS\u^S\fp§i! fBGVGV &LbOJ£^l<sb 

S)/5<35csl &>g>$®s)m& Q&rr Q\g><g>ndr. <jy<su<s37 <3i on n 6$) &> 

fJL_&&€$r<Sti<SV<51in . LD(^rf?c55(75c55(g ^ (SU g)/ (53) L_ IU U ff&jJ&IT LjGu 

arruLJGbrijSI, ^U^g^jld &lLl-(lpld £§)/5<55 &i&G2lpLb$<sto$$ &($)&&Gb 
&t®GLDrr? @(5c55/t^)/Cpld £g)<si)63)<su" GiGm^j r£lm<s$r&&j i "goiurr! $fr 

®)<o$fl (SU /J (SD /T £JD. /5<si)<SD &L£UJ^§$<sb ^j)/5<5<£ «^@ (57<S37c£(£5 

^gGfiJGl&iuiu GiifBg&tJ. $rr 6T(sir<$t)<ffl$ §>GmQ\{LpGh £§)/5<5<£ &^§?)u5]m 

(Lp(LpUUIT&(LpLD, (57(537 LDfTfTLSJGV L/ (53) £5 /5g/ (S U /7 LD - lS/D@ <ST(S37 

l51(5337^<s3)c5 ^it^ld^j ^&<sn&uuLq-Q3 : iuiLiib" mebrjprrm; &&G£lu5)<sir 
lSJl^g^iu ojGOgj g$)&uS)gv ^j^J^ulSIl^.^^ $gst§i lo/t fri3ij)(& > GfBfjrrai 

<5)5)<S3)#75J$/ £_IL//7<53§5)c55 <SS)&u5l<oZr(Lp(Lp $GfT^>GlS)^lLjLD /f l1_L9- (537/7 <SY7. ^/5^ . 
<oSluif{5& <EFLDUGU^G^^d <£<S337L__ (53) /5 (S3777 (Lp&LDlA&tf QufJ&<9 : LD 
G)d5/7c5537L_5U(537/7iZy £_L_G><537 /g *L/ LD /7 <S3T S_/7^^5 (g/7<S$<s£> <96v.<5l5), 
" (3 (SU <S337L__ /7 LD, ^LJUUj.^ Q&UJLUrTQ&», fSlgU^^Ji [5 V GVT GlGUGrfluSlGV 
Gu/7(L/(5lS(5)cS)G/D<S37. ^g)<S5fl £_<S37<S3) <S37<5 65/ (537 L/ gU£&j]&J$ GV (53) O). 
2_ (537 (53) (537 2_L_(p<537 Q & IT GMT® G U fT IU £_<S37 G^lLL^GO 

(SlSLl^SlS^^S/DOT. &GllG$)60UUL-.nQ^ <S7<537/T) GUGmGmLD egy (SU (53X5)7 

gS\®$§)} Qr5®r5&ifr[r&$(})(§^uun-pGuiTtu /#<s37/py } "Qu<smLD<sttfll 

/5/7(537 5_«537<S3)(S37 cF /7 dg/7 /7 (5337 L/ Q L/ (5337 (5337 /7 c£ LdG$I$§1 9 

^jfiiGSlGVGVrT^GlJGtiTITUJ ^g) LJ £J £JLc£ G&djgJGlSlL-G L_<537. LO<S37<53fl<&5Jj[/<5S 
Qc95/7<SY7. 5L_ (537(53) (537 LJ U@<5)5) fJGV)ga(GfIj&G &GVGV fT LD /7<S jS)<537 LD /7 «95 
LL$&&GgxJGS8T(])\LD. £jg) UUI4.UU lLl_ LD (53) (537 gSIgS>OJ ^>/ <S3) L_ /5 c95 

(Su @/ <S3) l_£l/ u rr &f£l tu Gil lut&SSiuld! gtgvt uGmr£DGurrGVTrTGgjLD 
Gurr&)p&j. $ B^u^nm..^im'iBGmGuML^i^\Q.ujTiIj^ G&fr. ^)G&rr 

&!T LD U (53) (SU IL/ (53) /7 <gJGV)Lpg>gJ GU(f^S)GpGm GTGSTfT)} G&fTGVGS) G£(fT) 
cS5<5<S3)<SU<2J ^ip^^l 6)<55A7<S3S7(p ^ U U fT p GurTlU&i 65 65 <S3) (SU 65 
^}(f^LDUGljLD QpiS\-$ 3>ri68lLL($\& Q<F<S37/7)/7<S37. 



Gld®st&(t<si]&(3 siuGurrGg> (£/><?* <$(t£M&rTdj <sup$ 
Q$rrL-m£liu§i. Guiuftl^ §>ujp§j $pu<MG$)muQurr<so s}6um 
Siuut^Giu &rQjff\dr l8§i &rriij!3&rrm. sjgugZt amL-g)iurrdj# 
Q&rrmm Q&rr<sbm®> $ma)G®jn)g)J®JrrG<osrrr ^m$ sigi 
®j<&#&Gldft Q<a/<%/ ^iu(Lpppnm. ^ot«@ ^)(§ldugijlo zronm 
^u^§! G$(§Gi£rrQ®L}&r&i $Gsxm&§i Gld^jld <5T&&nl& 
m&iun&G<su g)©«« GGumr®QiDGm^j ^£U$Q&rrmrL_nm. 
«L.u$l®s)ijiL!LD 6£l<so&® $mm{5&6iim SI&&& &{5$i6v>tug> $<sm 
G$)&iB<sSl($$§} (ofiltso&t&Gurrmfr? &$$ (Lp^^Sliu^oj Q&ftuj_iu 
^iH^di^Q(SfTdffQj ^ljSIguftiu LD$&&uu®&6mp67$)6ii siarrGpFT! 
Si&J stuGung} si^uuu.FT^i(Fij^n<so, ^(su^sm^uj «jgl 6ruuLq. 
(y>iq-!5$ ($&(§&! u^lsSlu^rr &)Grjm LLmsfliurr<m <siwldl-.il mi 
(S^&uSlm &pGurT > si6V<6v§j ^uSlGfjn, ^,<sb<s»gi ^jU€m®GLon 
Siy% r5$(§&(§&> <simu§i $&&iuld. {j£l$<ssr(T<sb, 9© §]®%l^®s)6$t 
^L„<ik(§LLQurT($LLGL-.&L-®Lim^m 

GgugttIjb G^npp^p^ si6G)ij(§6V)pujiTiu& ^iKsmuuuj-^jLh, si§i 

<STQJq5)<55<95 (§ppmptp SipLJ^^ «95 6fT (SJ S) LU LD FT IU ^(§UUmg> 

rg}<0$>m&& GLDm&rr &L-Gi]®fridr Qu(fT)6$>ld®s)UJ8> 

Q&FT6mL-FT LfSSTfTSYT. <5T <5VT (T) K SgJ LD 9 Si 611 QJ 6YT<SX/ ^jiLuLDFTm 
Si(&6S)QJS Qc55/T(5W/_ SiLjQu<SmW€Wsfl &FTLDFTm6ti UUGftfJ Sj6lldr 
Si @y U L/ 6U 1FT &I <oT<sh(r)j SI U G U FT &tf LD LD L_ 6$) LD IU FT 60 

F$6$)m<3F>&>6U6rTFT UJ 6£ 611 Q 611 FT (flj #c$ Sl5)@2/ & 8>®ST 6)S) Lj5) 63) IU 6S)6Ug§] 
GF5FT&&11L1 QJ6m6mih ^J0^FT6fT. Sl$&>& Q&FTUL.LU &FTLD§JIJ6M§J 

(5i?lL(^l_(5i5)i1(5) GaiefiluSld) 6iuGurr§} GuftGguftld gtostft)} 

Qufi\^jLD ^6116V Q&FT6m($} 6U <S$) ££ U lL L_ /T 6TT . & FT LD FT 6V) 611 LU FF 
(XP«^@0) ^)6sfl gSI ijSi U U §} LD U FT 6V Q LD 6VT g)J F§J 65) 6V7 &> 65 FT 6TT . 
&FTLDFTm6UlUFT y (oTm^ilLD Q U LU IT Si 6U 6TT&rf <55 FT @ /f) U($\LD 
U(^LDGUFTQ^GV<SVFTLD, QfBQT)LJLJ Si6ll6)FT £_Z_Lb<S3)lJc£ <5fr($)@6$)6V 

Guftgo&> G^nm^\uj§]. sifitB ld &ldld @ (L/(^fl g;/ ld si^uGsm ld&ft 

UFTOjGlDOST LD§Sijf>&FTm. &FTLDFT6$)6llUJ6h LDFT LDGS)6UIU<37$FFT GllGfflFT 
GTGhTFr)] @S) UJ U L] (T) p FT 6TT r 6T 6JT p FT GVf LD (ifi 6X1 6$) 6TT (Lp 6TT 6TT FT 6V 



G61]L-&ffifp.rT68TG6)& IDIT L_LJL//DAr 113 

<s£\<so&(&j$<sb GurrGO& ^)/rJ?oi <su (§])&& m gSiLisl 6^(75/5^/ 
<5T<sirgj $6$)®sTjBg>rrm. ^ <su <su n g}] Q /5©G $pCb Q&<sirrp&jj. 

&(Tg§J&&rT&§J<& c95<SW«rir y^«55<SOT. LD<3SLDLdQiU^)ILD <S1I!JqS1(oV<S5)<SV. 

L£>rTLbrT®r>6U\Li6§)}LD qj [j <sS\ <sb <sm <sv , er^rt^^Guiflsb loitlLl^u 
ul!u)l0/5^5 &L%.mrr(j&®5)j£u unfrt5g>rr<sh. LD<mfl u<sk®$rr<smL-.rriu 
(2)(50<95J5/- <sy<oi]®J<srr<oy GrBULDiruSlppnf Qoj<zsrfpj <sfi\ iu u l/ /t> /d /t rfr. 
&uj.ujn!JLD Gurr&rTLDGV f§lpS}pG^Brr Q<sudrrru <SH®s)& £~pg)J 
QipiT&!&)<svrrT<5h. <sy£$<5V *isl&l..&> UL&L-&* Q&<smp <s£<5$)& <siy/£#i/ 
Q&i7<mrLq.(njrb^§j. w&LDLbSilium Q&FrdT67sr§j QundjQiU(shfQ}j 
rg\®s)6Mg>&>r[®rr. ^<sum g>®n®sxsGT Qoj(sffliul(sb ^gy/L/ULD/rLlL/rgir 
67OT/p//i, @(5iiu<5i/£i tgjojisbr <sur5§i gmonsvr <&//r)L/gy^^<si//7<o3T 
<oi<zk(f)jLb ^jQLi<srr £L.npj §5) lu n & r£)®r>mgs5rT6yT. ^jesfl g>ir<sm ^gugst 
(Lp&£$£)6V <sfi\L£l${Brr<zfo ^(skosfl^LD GaajGDLDiTGsr ^uSlurj&ong 
(^(^^^iuld ^g)(/5<s5<55 Lo/ri_£_/r<5ir <5T®sr(Q] mS^&t&itm. ^imnSlu^ 
&u5)iu(Lp6ir gndr sy^G&i—gon&oSJLL® Gojsfilialp GunriuoSlL- 
G®Li(mr($)LD ^6V<s$)60iurTu5}<5br 1 <sy[5& <surr<srrrr<sb tB®n§} &(LQ&<ss)g 
^^J^gJ^ Qc5/T(5OT(5) 2-.uSi(5$)(j <oi5)lL(5)q5)l_ CB<si/<5OTr(5)ii); (srmrpj <spG[r 
(lo lsl<sijit&^ t£ it ld n m ld O&iu&j Q & n <mr l. n <srr . Q qj <sy5? o5) /f) 
(o)<?(5ioi^/7)@ 67<gs/T(z5)gg)/LD <suy$) ^j([^<iSlpG^rrQ(Sij(skg)j <^<sij€ij<5$)p 
(^(LpGsytBiULD ^rjrriug GgnrL-rij&lmiKsh. agQLja<sv)m <sy(Lgg§il 
<3f(LD&§du urifr^nm. ilutgijld Q<si/<sy5)u5)<si) ^n(ofiJu.uuil.GL^rr 

LJ^L-L-LJ U lLGL-.IT £jg)(5/5<35<SOT. Q QJ (sffl l61 p Q &<5V <Sll <95 p @ 67££<S5)&UJ 

(SuuSlu-jLo &rT<5muuL-<sfil<0V<s$)<sD. <57®n<s$r G&ujojrrm ^uGurng? 
($rrlL-£$5l<5b &pff\Gn<so Guntsv r£}<s&pn(SH. g>6h rflsvHSSTonojLLjLD 
<sfi}LQ&<s$)<sfTiuLb s^(5 r£l6?r)<sviul<sb $(T)j3>8>l <n<sm<smLS\L-60iT<s$frT(sn. 
" r&n <sm Q<su<o$u5}<sb Gunrmrrd), <srs}j<5i5?i_^^)/f)@L/ Gurr£)p§j? {Birm 
&<sm<sxJ<sisflL-LQ Gun&'rr<sS\uL6Q (orm&t&j Q <su <s$ uS) <sb <st<sugSI$ 
^ 6^ <sij <sgj lS\ <sb <s$) <so . &<om<siJ<oGflL-.LD Guntii^ G&rr$grT<sb, 
r£l&Lbf£&6ijp<s$)p LCKS&piurrLOGV ^<surflu.LD Q&fT<sb<svG<sii<sm($Li). 
M§$[?&(§rij<5V)L-.uj &pi3m ®S\<syiu&G$<sb /./©^©«(^l/ 
QurrprT<ss)LoiuLD, sf^G^<^(ldld ^j^i^ld ^gv & uj nr <sb ^surr 

(Su.airJ-9 



114 GtDGtiT&rr 

^pQ!^Q^!rmGU(fQfjn *mm$ §IJfp$ ®$1<sv£>(§€wtG!Jit? fBfr<sk mm 

&$G$§luurrfr. rBfrdr<s>(§ ff\$§iw u>rr&ppQJGrrrrdj ^($ul$Iw}Jld, 

^o//r €im l%/ $ld ubm^p&werrrruSlGgtfLb Qoj^jumuiqLD 
g>iu{Bm$tqu> G&rTmGurrrr. <2i$$pm&iLnm <3I<swljld LDmLDirrr^ 
Ggfrt-frLjw f£j6bGQirtA!pGurrmL3<m 9 GansmL-rr Q®jg)juurnb 
mrrip&®s)& Q&ibQJ®s)$<sfi\L-, r&rrm tL.uS)<ss)rr ®S)®^G<oV, 
GLDGVfrmgj.urrGSltuiT&luj erdrmrrGb QufpGtprT(n}&(<§LO uiflutf. 
«sraro/@/<5@£i ^QS)<5i)^QsflGGurr(^ <spiurr& &ipG$&LD; tyLfiturr 
GGu^mm. <or®$r&(g}LD wrrm&Q&®. iurrmw ^l£\$& tSlm 
®jfTLprrmLD (LpG&r<s$fl€$flG$ GT&ripGsra $& QP@G^rrfr. £§)<£<5ot>ot 
^^ld«@£jd /s/rdr £-uSl®s)fj gSIQ\^Ggo LD(nj[5gl~ /5^<sir &rr<smrTLD<sb 
Gurrmopi^uup^l <$jQjfr&<sh ^uGurrgj §jdrq^j^d) r§}&&iuLD. 
fBrrm ^)(§LOUfTiD<sb (3zj/r£u<si5?LLL_/r<si>> ^ojfrsi^GmL^iu ^jmuCo 
fpGpgjttuwffdj&ffinS^&rTGOg^iGb 6pLftlr5§jGuiTLD; 6iG n®$)i 6$)L—UJ 
&mfhj<5>{BG&rr® ^nm^(^ubi3S : Q&<sirrprT<sb,,gf<sijiT&ffl iuit€liqJ)&(&jld 
<^I§j iSmrr GGu^mmujrfuj (Lpis^iLjLD €T<sir^j uojojfT^j Gujit&gshsst 
G&tugiTGrT. grrm LD^sLDLD^Iujsk <s£lLgs)L- oSIlL® Q su <st8 uSl p 
G u n Gisrrr §21 ld f°£]p&& GQj<s£5riq.tuG& (*p££<a/. Q6ii<ofr}u5)p G&gvso 

<5ULfluSlGb<S0rT{£<sSlm ^//5<95« atTLD§JIJ LL^LDLD^llUm (Lp&£§$(sb 

^) <o5rS) 6^/7(5^ /r ii <S)SlLftuu$6£i.LD Qut?l§jii)§j<S5$fl€$)Gij& Q&rr<om® 

®ffl(5)<5<3<SD ^ITLDfTGSrLLfTUJ^ Q&rr<SmTL-IT6fT. filjJLDUGlfLD ^<SWT<S3)LD 

Gurrdjfsg iD&rr GSfjmGmuGurrGo LoGcvm s-^j^iil/ld ^(gjj&rr 
Q${$h}&(tpub <sS\u&&)}ilild Q&rT65$rL-iT<sir. uGfrumuuuuj iBmosftm 
®drr<s$)m& Gm&uSlGsvfy^rrffl. Gurriflsb Ggrrpp &ggs ®S(j6$r &<o$r&rf 
Ljon&ojtsm on&vfiJw ^<ssuuiLQ) ldik^stld ^■ip&d>rr<55)UD «(/5^) 
^p&& rBlGnm^&rfu u ®r> & <sii rfi <sbr @<sror@ si/ (5 ld G u /r &jj 
<Stit£fi)Q&S>)rr}<sb ^<sw^/ Lbnfr<55)u <si5?rf?^^/ /^ssr/p/ «jy^^ Gjfpuojdsr 
<or£i^<5m&iu LDG>(omrr§>)L-&mg& G&rrmGurrGmir ^gsson&uj 
g?} mfl €5) €u <£ Q&rr.<smu.rr6ir. £§),§/ ®S)[5<sB>$ujiT68r Gl&mGGorr? 



G(SLlL-&!F}fDITm<S$)& LLfTL-LJ^pfT 115 

g_<5mas)LD6$)UJ& &rf&(&jLD Q u rr (§lLQ) ^rr@)iu<sb, G&gvguld, [5rr® 

(tpgoSluJ GUtjOGnpiLILD /5/TiL/65(Sir, L/ 8> <5V 61/ OT (Lp$<s£\G UJfT 68) IJ\L\ LD 

Gurra&liu LDr£]<m&ujM&rj&)iu[Tm &rs&>)rjLDG$, ^)^j^uS}<sb <^/<5<rir 

Qu/T(5£l@ g>LD§} §)jJg>Q$)&> 0ll.LSL(mfTfJ(5irGpfT. <g>]$&GG)&UJ 2-.&&LD 

LD&<ofi}fr |§)(5<si/<si/<$/fl<Sc9s ^^oSJuj q6sfl^6u^ujiT(m pu) L^LD&Gfilm 
ojuSlgu LOGOL-rruj GurrsmG^n? ^sogv^j @£)osfl Gun^GmiT? 
<s$(nj&&rr6gjL£> ^g)<su<ssxsu. (oTggG&mGujiT §66){5&6fr, ^noSl^^ffl^m, 
&$§${jLD§i&m, £D(Sw(5L„/T65/fl«<5yr, pLDiurBSdaGrr, &<sm6m&\{ufr 
jglmrBSdGGTLD ^juL^LDfrG^fsSlm LDmfl suuSiipffild) Ggnmf$& 

(&jUQS)UuSlp L^^ff, ^fTLD(5S)[J LD <SV GS) /J U G U IT SU 6J Lf) ®S) LD uSl g2/ LD 
^[TLpG&muSlgHLD ^)0/5J5/ &LD Lj&Lp Q<SU<S{T\UUL-ITGU6&&u5\6b <=£/<£ 

$(§<siJu!jlp$Jtr)(g>& @® ld lSI u Gurnu& G&fr$g> <su<sm<omLD 
^j(0<iS)mpmrf. ^Gurr&Gfildr &ffigg®r>gu u n © gj &> p (g 
(ourrmLSSl^^iD, &LDufr&^njLb, L/6sG>^/5@<$®ii Gurr^iu ^mtofilob 
<orm&\Qf)r5§} &<5^L-&&uGurr&<5&rpmiT! u&)<sfi\rr&>rr $(nn£>$§)ipG& 
^(njuiSlL-LDam ^uyemcmfliu 2_(5<si/Lb, apiSlm ^lij^LDnuj^ 
G^nm^jtD. ^\(3u^Q^n(^ &6n<so(Lp6$)pvS\& ^jguit^^gtdl-UJ 
(LpGirGmrrfr ^jLuipr$iLi ld&it urf$^fjrzd&Qm<so<son ld Qg>rT6$)<souj 
<S>jQjfr&<srr L}®sflgLD gtilj§i<siiit <oT6hru§} (Lp&&rr6£jLD $gl6mmrLD. 

IjD6raftc9S<Sy5)(5U 9 (5<5 §5) l/J /T 637- G LD £3765 fT 6T<sk<5VT Gj&lU^rfGfT? 6U /T 6V)<5n&> 
6768168)1 LD ^j(fTj6Ulfl68T ^fJlflUJ^^^lLJLD 6p(Tf)fhlQ& ^GuGgUT 

Q&\Li6ii&>nm <sy ffl @ gp/ ld ^ifliu dSu&Gl&iuototso (LpuL&& 
^iu$$LDrr<ttrrr<5rT. agtgiGmu G$n&§\Qsm<sir. <$i&>®s?1i-.ld 6p(nj6U68)& 
^grjsijLD rsGirtfiujtfilGyLD ^ojsyt ld68t8$p &p$$an. "^5/,/ 6T68T 
^(i^odldA &&§$Gm! ' 6T68T ^($11$ fr peAsruGan! fi /560<su &LDm£$<sb 
Q'&uj$ Guqi)$<sfil®s)UJ pnm 6i$$68)68T Qg®68tldld 6t®$&(T6£jld 
LDpuGu<oVTiT? <5im £_u51nrg£mLDrr&)uj &p6$)U& Q&rrm6$)6n 
G&irdrGn 6ur5& Gamstuj &m6UQsxssi Qgis(^iLul <@isluj ld&it SL-U&mfl 
ujGbGVGun /g/ ^)/5^5 ^u^^Ksv (oT<sbr<5ir><oST &IT&& <ordr «swroj 



116 •G.LbGST&FT 

osfld)(svrf^€S)^ & $ $3] > ^li^.Q[fdrgu G^rrdrrfii 2l.$®SI l//t)/5<$ 
2-£gLD<zsrrrGi}uj £-.<5k®nm f5fr<sh <95<sm^<ss7?<g2/ib GiL6t>rr& LA&d&gja 
d5OTiL_ffl« &rT6D$§$<sb <sim LDfrfrmu /f ^wl <sSlQ\S\Gpm, /g <5Tm 
LornfLSlm Qoj®f ! rlLjqp&6ft& LDfT^fjLD $<5m($)@<sb Gung>rr§} t ^^m 
£l.lLljp@§>I®xld §j<anLprsgj ^/d5/D(gsyrsy5)(5«i@zi <5T$br ^)®^ 

lU&<oS)glLjLD ^)/J(5WL./TcSL/ lSl(STf^ ^0P(§&T $ ®T> p $ §$ ($ U U§] 

€7<s5T<^rQ£)L/OTgi/ unrfr. ^rii(3j /£)<s^/D/5^(5<5(g>kb <srm &<sm<sum 

£L.(JT)<SS>®J LDfT^^lfJLD <§>(§ §)$§}LD QJ(nj$$rTG$; QJ /T G GfTf Gjdf 
4£lUf£j(8j8ilprTlij? £_OT ££/7<oS7^S<53)^<£ c£/7L/L//7/7)/rj)lL/Ji/, 2_ 65763) <S3T<SS 

Q<9ZFrG&®j@p(gj@@rrGQfffT eim^j G^iLSlpirGiurr? cgyOT/rft, "gtost 
^j(f^^iu^Q^^u iS}<ofrr5&jj <si5) lL l_ /t si , iSlp^ gtggt &<om<su6k 
£yLq-£u^§$p(§ ^(njudilt—Lb ^jd)(oorri£xsb QurrQpQg> Gisk^j 
/^)(S^6OT<sS)p/TS(u/r?"(&Tsi7^/ uGVGurrfr}] ^S^Giurr® QubnL$lf&£&n6[r. 
^juGurr§j ^/Qi(sy5<Rr>i_fiJ <9s<5OT<5ii<ss7a$/ «si/Lg-Siiii <gi&&> &<smmsflp(8j$ 
G^fTGUi^)uj^j, Q[5(<nj& ^j<srrS) an/5/5<95g/. ^jrmuLSImiLD <5Jo o^}^jld 
aj<oS\iu$nuj{& G^nmi^liu ^oj^gvl-ilj Ln<mS?l6vr a-jp/j§) $mfr 

6U<SmL-fBS$, <SH®J6$T lB§1 <o$)®J$g &rT&6$}LD (SUIT (GTjGID&lLI LD §?) (H) LD L® ®ST . 
<3b6m&(ofil6V &6m65$!T GUL^l^^^j. 67<557<537 Q & UJ (51/ fT <SfT ? "<^/>/ 67(537 

iSlfTn^mr^u^n t <5i<sk LD<m§$p(&}&fBg LnGmrr&p suuj-Goj! 
^) 68) <sm tu p p ^jmuLD umurku <5i<skr LD6$njD&> &jj<s$)rrGiLi! 
s_fi/<5ofii_a) £§)/&£ g?£5J5/ pn LL&Grrrr liii fBfrm <sy]])]u<o}51gg 
&Qjrr&&GurT&LDU&}iu GurrrrGsrrsg) &t&ld /y^ftj]jgn/J5(gj<9S c9^l_<£ 
&ldid$$ ^)<si)<53><5D Gurr<sS](i^^Sip§}. fBU<ok £g)/5£ &-uS\QffQ\^§! 

^)<SXJ®U<ofTGlf &nGOLD £g) QJ Glf GV Q (51) 6UIT Lf) [B g gfr p (&j £§)/5<£ 

§g[B&il!5rr lL^Ggu (bgvgv /5/7L_<£<srr. ^<ss)<suc95(3<sy7' umzk uiLi— 

&U§$6$rr£j&@T. ££>/T)/7) rBITLL&Srr UJfTGl^LD & fT LD U <o£) (51) GUITIT&>$ 
GrBUjGuiTGV, ^GULDfT^^LJUtlL- t^K iL&ffl c9>/7/i. ^§)<SS7? /5/7<S37 

&.r£$&65)m s7/si(g &rr<5muGuir£E)Gp(obr? &fr&&Gnfju ur5&><5$l<a) Gg>sir 

LD6S)Lp QuiTl£}[$$&}J GuiTGmp ^/E/c£(Gy5<SS)L_JU Q<Ffr<si)(5l)(y>6S>c5 ^)(53fl 

<oT<sfa Q&<5$ <sruGun§] ^<sh<o$u u(§<3suGurrQp^j i ? ^^(smusb <5j<skr 

-^U.LDq £§)<^ §£© ^[TUDrTuSJ^jLD y,fH^§tU LfmafTrij&igLD 

<3lQS)L„mu GurrSlpG^rr? £§)/£<95 *«ld /g^g/ rglp^m 



C£<sii £_#&)/p /t <oira$> <S5 Lorn—UL-ipiT 117 

(ormpGVGvGoLirr urroSlujnrS)iu jprrm r$<oS)<mgGg<sbr! QgLU6Uih <st<sb7 
Qjrru5}<sb ^mprr^ ld <sot<ssxswl/ G u nr C (J) oSl lL l_ G><s$ f $n®n 
g(6Tj<o$)&u$l<oSl(r7jr5@ §£0 <oii(njQ$i£$5)<5v ^Ipis&ij Gurr uSI ($&&<& 
&^L^ngrr? ^uGurrgj ^r£]&(§nj&&rru5lm <sy(§ggLB(sb(Svn wp 
Gurru5}(nj&(gjGLD. ^uGun&jj ^rEj&(@nj&(§ r§istgg oSl&Gsnh 
6$) GuggjoSli— G t—m. ^6sm<sb y <o7<ssr<£(£j sL-smi—nGGr ^iihLanm&> 
(5d5L_«sy)L_ /g rit&m G&lL® L$mrrG(5iig<^m& &L-<sSlGb ^LpgeSlG^jih, 
&rrssiT(j<omLnrTa <oT®n6$)6M ^Lpuugm gjiupih rBUL&>§} r$<sb6vnw<sb 
<sS\mijGfi\6Q g><5m\$§iGurr ll. ^(^<^><3fll9G<svGlu ^uSIg^u 

LDI7 &}£>&>} <5>Q<3bfT fflGH r£l<o8)<S5T8i45 $17681 ^fhJ<%GS)<SlfT ®51®g8tfd : Q&<$0<oV 

LbmLopfgjg g®SlgGgG6$rf ^juGungj ^fBJ^<sAu.ih qj$§i 
<orQj(nja(3jLD fiss) £__(£& /r <$ QuQ7j(hGupiTm s^rij&^onL-Uj 
^pgtjrii&LDnosr Giiirg&GbiugGngiLjh, £-<sm6$)wmrT<s$r &rrg&n6ViqLD 
GuppLSlsisr g-rzjaG&GfT <5^lQ)g^ju iSlrflip&ij Gunojgp^ ctw LD<smh 
^j^mmi(g ) GLLn f ? <oi<sk $n$>n\ <sim r£l§?lGm! <5T<sbr ^gvs^Gld! gtgst 
uu^SjujGld! <ofm &<3sGld! Gish s^uSlGnl sTsir/ GgLUGuGu)! s_ji<sff>LD 
66l®g§ju iSlrriuj ucKssrih gu(^Gld!J9 pirm <sun®m<sb gtgst &(Lgg<s$)g 
<SHpig§l& Q&rr (sm L-.it §£] ih 2_ /57 # <sy5? z_ £Jd &-&ihQupp 
^dj6i]L-ih®s)u <si5)lL@ <5Tm£_Lfi]rrGurT(&jGLQ!T? <oT<sZr&LLGS)L-.grr<5VT 
G<su(^GLorr? <5rm LLGsr^gnm en^GLorr? <57®si G&gvgiiGld f 
£_rii&®5)6rT q5)lL(J) (oTuuisl l5I ifl G Gv <sir ? s_r&]&(<sfTj(S!S)L-.iu 
Qurr(rtj<srm§\iu &>p6$)uu u(j$lQ&rT(i)\&& LDGmLop^j srm 2-i£lG5)rrGiu 
Q&rr®&& ^Gmfiii&oSlLLGi^m. £§)<osft & n & n. logo guLfGiigj 

GTLJUUL? fBITLD £g) (/5 €17 (5 LD G^mptl \&qi)&>&& Q&(T ®g^i GS)GUgg§j 

@)6ij(si]<srrG6Li. $rzj&<oh <ST<s5r Qun ($£-($1 Gisq§^gfT logo 

Qc^<5yr«S)UJLD/Tc95 £§)<Stffi G(5)jQp[T(§ LDr£l65)a$5)LU LD<Sff5775J$/ ^ 63TL/ /T) $7 

®j[T(Lbrz]&<srr. ^G$)guup$\ r&rrGM <oii(!]jr5g<S)Sl<sb®r><so &tfG$)rjGiu! 
GurrSlGpm. Gurr£s)Gpm. ulL&ld Lop&& G<sii<smu.rnh. 
<$\m65)Ug> §jp&& GojmsrL—iTih. ^ndrGuGmisLnvjjJGnsjl^jLD gigolo. 
&<smGLim &a>g>6S)£b $L%g§j ^gs)u.luu urra&lujih Quprrg uijld 
<sj<o$)Lp. (Lpm Q<sn<oirLjDg$£l<5b GTgg&nmGujrr LS\GtS)Lp&G$)Gn& Q&dj&jj 
fr&<Mrr®s)i65)L-.Lu G&rrugSZip&u ufTg^irjLDfJGm warr ungSlf pirGir 



118' Gtnm&rr 

Q&rr®)6onu LSimtgujih §i$tu(Tudil<s5)Lpiqi5 Q^fTLpfTULS}<s^ipq 

QLDQ)®)!TLJl3<o$)LptLILD QufTlpJ$£B(§6frGUlT GlUGfffpGSrn ' (TfjuSlGfjO 

6U(W}€tyiB§$ir) g> (^(^(LportfpGuj^iiLD (ormmosr $m®siu iSn&mrr ? 
un^SliunSluj <5T<m Qurr(§LL® tbtii&m wmCD <s$(§ Qn>rriq_ 

Qurrq¥)LL($ 9(75 ^!<srfliu<sn<sii &<sm<o®tfit oSI($)LDrruSI<sZr €rm Q®Q<skrLLLD 
&fTud)tULDrTdj<s£l(£)LD. ^^fjGi^ Quijbn)j<!kQ&rT<sh§i}Gp<sir. <oT<sk s^uSlfr 
f§<oV)tsvGiL!( Gurruj €U(§&}Qp[)m. otot G^^SIiLl^it^ Q^mm(LpG^t 
G u n is®jq§&\Q{p®fi. G^suifiT Gurrpurr^ &LD60fEi&<sfil6Q ^u5)ijld 
(ipmp Q$mrL-.LD &LDfruiSl{5Q{£G$r. G^ojfffr urr&Gm <srm&(& > & > 

GTGfafpfrGir* (tp^^jLDfr<ssxso SGtp <^(LgjB6$)<souQuiT(SO& &<5m<s$$fr 
wifl^^j urrfrmGUGSHu u^ss)p^§j. ^juuls^Guj m-fBJEg} ^)<sfr§l 
a- (5 S? *gi{(o$rq& (£jG$m<5VfTij ^s^^loiuld/tuj^ &<sm&<s$)m (tptq. $$(§ 

&<so®nwpp 0^6i$lLl_/t<$ ^fB^syfraluSd) GgfTiur&&n <s>j<o5)&<S)5l<sbrf$ 
^fij{5§I 3-<sv&$65)g t£/Dj5ji/ iAGG&rrQu}iu&<mm£„<mr!j{TLb<sb /£/s37g)/ 

^im&^nui.Qsrnm. ^Gyojfrgu &nGor5rri£\GS)& GfBfTLD Q&<mp&)}. 
<m$& &LDfr§$ $m<so fFlafilgi fflrglmgrruj o5)<sv&$ Q^rrL-fEjQiu§j. 

G&tuiuGojsm® ougrrasr ^mfliu^^m $<s$)®sr<sitLD LL<oVT&$<sb 

onranarr G(Bfr&Qmrrm. ^oj^gvl-Uj ^[r&<smgujib ^<^m®jiLjLD 

£-&&&gl<sSI($jfi$gi GunrgtLD, &<suiii&$m$u Gupp fB(T<sir &)<ssfl 



<-%L<sfa ld it q51 ip (&j <gj§j &&)&& Q<5urr6wr<omiT<& &>a C^liurr @ii. 
^L<oJS)<ssiurf(ab 9 2-<oir (3<sii<stf>Q;<o5)£u# Q&iu GrosrprTm. &>n®K Qu<sm 
(oTckumg, LDjpipgrnsrr. 2-.u5l®nfj& §}(n)Wurr& ld$<&(&jld ®8ijfT§!\ 
<s8jj<o5)mLjQurr<sti &g£5)<o$)iu& <oV>&u5}<sb <5TQ)^rrm. ^/5^ <5«LL<ar>L-L/ 
Guitgv Lbl<oVT&sfl &<5m&<sG)mu uiiSl&gl LD6$r<o®£5 LDtua&l *gjLpG& 
Guuj-GULDrTdjg Q$n<mif)\uj ^i<su<SH&!J LorniLSlo)^^ QjtTdr6U6pi®jrr& 

$mpn& $lLu^ £§)(su<£(gu urrfr$g,rrm* ^/^/f)@sfr ^ou^i^ 

Q^fTmQj^<ss)(SVLj Gurr<sv£ §?lL&Qrjmfrii <g(nj<siJ(nj(o5)L—iLi &(Jld 

l9(J)/e/S)<siSl1l_^/. "g)($ujnr! LD&LDLD§diu<m &tb§$G$)UJu 

$6S)mg>§}U GUP&&LD G)d5/T6W(J) Ugr$& . SGip ®8ip$§i 



.>;*. &- &. *& *:«. 

S t \ /,S •*>. '»N ',X 



Cp£J/7<SOT <oG)r5<5$rrT(Lp&SJDUD&tf L£[J&&rT UJ 657 f§]<^)<SST^^<Slip(oSypiqLD 

Q&£j@Gijp®npiLiLD [BfTLD $ <5&r p fT r$ iu G <m <sm($) ub<obrG p rr ? 
&iTLDrT<o5)<o)Jiuff!<svr {tpGVLDrriu ^j6ij<5$)<srr ^qj(^<oS)L^uj gSiLis^p^^ 

Q<3F<sb(SuGLD GunuSl^jLD, &>6$r £-u5lGrj ^l^IuSI^ilo grr&r 

<g>l6$)jUU&<3faL-.rTQg>®ST £-jQ]f£l Q&UJ§} Q & fT <5m L- fT <S$T ; ^OJGJDGfT 

<sSl®^§! Q<sii<sfiluS)p Q&mpGiJ<sbr G<svQprr (§ ^<snp&(§<cfcrg!<sv>LprB§j 
@(5 &rTiuu)[TGtt' r5jTtparT<sSlu5l<2fo &rnij[5&Fr<svr; Garru$$mrTGgjLD 

u §!<6])&rr j£iunG<siirr ®tffl/r Q&rr. n $&&&*&. 
^.(QfffTft'eS\ifiG^Q(so^^<m^^<sorTLO' 



^20 GlDSffi&IT 

u^Gp pui-iuiT u51<sv)Lpunr 6£j®nfDiy 

LDrr^fjLD ^/<ay@y*-<sSr ®)(f$!P$gi; Geugigiammrujipg], (Lpp$®2JLD 
gm <suuj$§l<sSI($!5$ G&gij<sold QLfi<sb<s$)Luajmrr<m 9® Qu<sm 
gmonm ^<sir®j <?ldit'(p$ujgs>$ $<ov<m$& Q p® <&&&&$&&* m; 
fB<sb<sv ^©(OT-^a) ^^Qiufrm^(^^^C®^(^^^<^<5m^^o 
u>mr<zn<snru Gurr lLl-<zs)& $®r>m$gj us'issrLDitifi Slmrrm. 
€ruui^fUfTuSl^iLD ^<s37/#/J<si/ & $ iq (Lp ®rr ®n ld ' &6umGrr$ 0m 

^luQu<sm, <s>i<sh$(j<sy (Lp(LggjLD GS\t$&§l(§&&LLrr tli^rr 
Gmm&jLD, ^oum Q$®G$$ld eSl $$$($&& (Lpuj(sSl^LD 3 
g)^sOTr® ?y)<s%/ ldotA Gf5[f&§$Gorru%6V)jLD G&rrfrGiiLD, §ju51q^ld 
^i<su<smm GwpQ&n-ffl(&Qwmg}]LD, ^uGurrgj ^/(Si/^^^SJgi? 

^)(5«@LD <95£<S5)Gy£j£)(Dj5J5/ Q&IT€m($) GltA&GO ^llLjfDLb Q&QSJ^j 

©■y(g65(gj <^if^§jGurrQ{xm^jLo, 3$<ssrj$/ <oT<sm^miD ^uGungj 
$lGS)rpG(5ijrS\uGua QLL<m^LD$(S&®ng>§j LL®Huurr&> (&>Lq-{sg>rrm. 

^&uuil®mm Qumr ^)®& $ut3uGurTQjgimrGL-FT! 

^pLj^ ®JUl-QJQfiLD ^fflG5)LLlLILD &L-L-Lfi(g)LD <^fT^^} 4 qLD ^Gisfluj 

G&rrjp&^LD ^ojm ld^I<ss)uj udiu^S) 6$)lduj6$)6V oplLuj- <s*j<su<o$)<5vr 
£„®s)<sog&iJ cuc5)d5£5ji/ 6urriLu}-65T. £5<s$r&(&,6iT gg/EJi/ <sulL<sfijq ^undj 
Qu^jLbn<ssr (Lpmm Q&<svqjQ LD<sb<svrr ld ^/Qj<syr Qurr (ttjlL® 

^ifi^^rf^JLO 65 617 (S5> <5D u5) SU <SS) 61) . ^ 53^/ L_ <S"57 ^GST^J £_(i5)/T 

Gurrtsij&fTuSlmiLD $l<sotlffltuL£l<£<o6>60. ^uGu^LnmflGnujg 
@<sm&u $8)&&Q&rr<sm($\ j?€OTng_<ajnr<si) GurrgjLD <5rm^j uGVGunngd 
r$G5)m&§} L£>GgrrdTLDg&mrrdj<!k &rTLDrr§jrj<5vrfrdj ^-°ijGf5iTUJ 
Q<g5n"(5Mr{J) £g)(5«<o3)<95 (ol&rr&rrmrr QtndjuSi<ssr<ssrfruj^ ^^<^fl^§J 



($6UL-&§)(prT6&rG5)& LDfTL^Uqn)fT 121 

£_LL&rrifrB&jjLD ^Im^jih /J5z_/5j$//i ^luirr&gjLD &)($§] GfBfTLD <5i/(/5/3J§)lj 
Gurr&£)<o$m<5br. 

^J65)[f65)aJ <5l5? (Lg fhJ £) 65T W 65) 60 U U K LD 6$) U U G U H 6V 

rsapLArr lLi—IT LLGiSltVjrEJB Quit(ld^jld 9 &rr<sba<ofil(5b q6wrQuppG^rr 
G)6Lim6W Gudgvgv /5« /7753545/. LDGssfl 21, I2,l,^-^,a5)/pgi/. £)LD<Sl><oD 
<oT(Lp(5@n-<5br. 6$65)&uS\65Tff)]g &®ngj &rr65)6vu Guiuff^^j 6$)6U£5§j 
rF>L-$§j Gmm&rr &®r>L-@}ujrr& &g>§>\QujniiLqirjr5&> £g)i__c££§)/r)gj 

dSl&GljLD ^(^S}6V |§)(5/5<5 @(5 <95c$<S?r><SU ^6$)L-[$@rT6&T. ^ S$ 6V 

&fr<smuuL-L— ff\$\iu ^)($)&&}6b &<sm®r><sm 65)6u^^] ^lLljpld 
c9^/5js/ G/s/tsSgbtttot. &@$£)GiurT($i c9s<s3)l_£f)(u/tcl/ $6hp6S\L-.$§$6b 

^6H6fT &rr6mUUL-®Sl6V65)6V. <3S{T6VL(L GlLI V 65)&G UJ65)J LD GfoJfTLl 
6p6$)&GiL165)JLD 2-6mL-[T& 6$ 6065)60. ,jy/5<95 ^)(J)ciS]<537 6ULfllUrr& 
<£l 65) p uS) '651 LDfppU U[T<5>^6$)g> G $17 &&&&n.L-6lSl6b65)60* <S>j6U6rT 

(5T/E/S)(/5«S)/D/T(3<syr/r, 63Lfl&§$(nj&&\fprrQ6rrrr &nu5}6g]&)pnrG6fTrr 
Goj&rrfry G$uj(Lp!ptpTr6vr. ^ fBJ S) (75 /5^/ $uiS\uGun&> 67££$65)&uj 

6ULfllLfLD ^J6b6VIT6S)LDUJnf6b ^(SL/sJl 6T U U UL ILJ LD 2_ ll L/ /D <g ££) 

G(SDd5/TOT ^(75<5<35<5i) G6H65W(^QlD65T ^^jg)Q<95/T<SWL_/r<5i7V (o)/JD<Sl)(SD 
6p68)&u5]6brr$ Q6U6il\&,t£IT65)6rr /gd5©<5 &@65)6U^ $ p $ g> !T 65T . 
^61160)1 65) L..UJ Gg&LD U^^l $($1 lij §>l UJ §} . 2_L_q fp$$<sb ^65T^j 
( &\\J& > 65)&> $LLlSL6$m65T. &6m655flmLD&(8jLD QufT(Lp^l6V ^6U65)I65)L-.UJ 

6SlLfi)&6rr s\$tB <£j65)p , (Lp (g m $ iLj ld ^(jrnbnj&j], |§) £"£ j£) ot 

lS\LDLJLDGurT60g> G§SfT65Tn^UJ Q U 655T LD 65$fl 6$) UJ & &6m($)6)5] L-L-65T. 

^]6iim (5T/E/S)(/5/5^/r(5yr? ^65)jjuS\6S\(^^^!T6nfT r5rrp&rr<sS\ 
G&nurr&&6iil6b $j((T>[5$rT<siTrr? £g)<si)<sff>o;. ^/5/ [bldu^&^l-IT^ 

6)5) [S 65) g LU FT U$l(TI)$£65)LDlUIT6b ^6U65T Guifl^JLD <Sl5) UJ U 65) U ILf LD 
§$65)&U65)UILILD S^65) L-^^fT 65T. &pP[)J(Lp65T 8£65T65)65T& Q<9HTLIL.LU 

r5rr&G)LD65T $65)65Tg>& > } 6iS}(soSluj Qu6mLD655fl tSyuGurrgj ^(Si/syrg/ 
@<sm<5JJi)/£)@ LDirfprrm &nrir)ujg65)^<9 : Q<jizj £5) (75 /5 «g 65)£<S5«/TC55r, 
^6U657 §^6m§i &6m&68)6n r5LDurTLD6b <sy6Ufp65)pa «^«S) qS1lL($)£ 
8$ (§ ld u 61] ld GrBn^S)65TfT6k. <3i§j Q u mu G oj nr GloiuGojit 
&rr LDGrBir iu Q&rr 655TL- &65T ld65T^^I65t LD&Gtsurr erm^j 
£5)65)ag£(T65r. 6pG[r G^ir^iujndj^ <5>rT6muuiLL- l$<sw/t/t 



122 GLDm&rr 

oSlm&Sldr (gmluSlGO umumQ®J&tm LS)m<zsf)uj ^oj^jmi^iu 
&iLL%.<sS\<mi£§}, Q^^Qu^6im^^<s^mi^iB<& ^gu(^ld ^mfpnCb 
i3<^>p& &p§$[j®s)<z$tljGlj(tgo ) <s>jr5& <sui?-<siiLp£) u®&$(jF>[B&nm. 
(gtimmrtLpLD ^ajGmn® Gun [rnL-G<sv<om®GLDrr Gaekmu 
Guifl^iLD ^&&rBjQ&rr®ttr® <su/5<$ &6tr&(&j& @ ld L$ l_ u G u n m 
Qg(ij®JLD (& > q}&£iiLl-®s)$uGu(t<s» &®sr <sS\q¥,uulb <ordi\^i<sb 
$<SMipGM$vSi(n)$$m<M&& ( 5for® Gu(n)®J®$)& G&n<smL-n®sT. Gunp 
u§j<s5)LnGiu(T G®jdr®srg> G$n<ssr$iu Gld®s?\ihld, sl.ilhti£& ulL®l/ 

L]L-®$}®JILILD> GDOJfJ ^ U [J 'OTT /5/ <£ (gj LD 6£ <SST tf}/ &n.Lq~ iElGM&rTrj 

GourrtsfiluSld) &msrQ&rrmmrr& G&anoJUJrTUj f$s*6u<sSl&$<ssr..<$i§i 

Q^dj<5l]G<SVrT&& &mL&)GurT6i)Gl]LD ^<5U<SrT <55/5<5(/5<Sl/ <SYOJg)/f<Sff)llJL/ 

GurroJG^LD Ggndrpa &<mrL~ Gmmfojmu LKjjjG^Gb- &n&><sb 
GojffiliLjLD &iLisi-<soL-rii&n GuDir&rrG®j&(LpLD G&n<smL-.ndr. <$Gij 
urr dj&&6vndjLJ urr&jrB&tf sq^<^^<S>l®s ) 6® sr && [Sl&nmtB^nm. ^jGum 

SlL^mSlipnrGmfr G<su<svTrpj £_/r>/p/ G$n&&\6mn<sk. 2-§i)fj(LpLD 
&6i]gG^rr!pfp(LpLD &n<smuui--<sfi)®)®s)60. ^)@yp&<sm(srr Qpu}-& 

^luqpiD ^(tjl/iS Gll^gs)^u5}(5V iA<mp$$(§i5&rTQrr. "^ani 
[Bn Gmts^mrrGO sy <sv <so <su n (Lp^^€S)^ LD<o5)p&>8j]& 

G&n<Au}.Qi)&&)[Dn<srT* &L-<sS}m ^Lp&®r>t5& <ss<sw7L./7g>/ii 
&n€m<sonLD; Gu<sm&<sfilm ubm£B®s)&>& &<5m(j)\ lSIuj-&& <5TGunn<spiLD 
^«/rg/; ^jgu^ld <5rm lB&m <sS\($uu&>®s)f5<k G&n<smGi—. 6T<obr<zrfl i—LD 
^jw<sumG^ GpFLD Gunpn Lq.u Uf9uLQu.<axson ld 
«/t iLuf.t6l(§ASijpnsir. c§/><sot iSltsrrGnm&Gm <or<sfil$5l(5b <5jLDn§jLD 
£LpL-.rf&6h. €7<sk LD6$r®ng& G&nSiluugp&GVGoGGijn ^j<sum ^g)/5£ 
[BnL-&ih $iq.&t£nm. pnebr ^m(osflu.LD s^smGftiD ^®st€5)U& 
G&n<omiq,(rfj$G&Q<z$in , G[B(^fis^nwLD ^GtsKs^osr <ss) <si/<gj$/ 
^(shGGiiGmir, ^<smr$l GLDn&th (Lpuugj pnm ^ona 1 ^^ju§i 
$nGmm £)/r5?j$/ an<sv&§>l<sb gSIgo&S) <s£l®G<sijG<s$rn G®j<sbrf]pj 
^{j/T(L//5@(5«S)/?)/r<5yr. ^&nf gt&t &<smLD<5®sfl / &_<sbrmn <sb ^nm 



<5Tg@<as)&iu Guifldru &&£<o$)g ^ani—aju GurrS)Gp<sm! _L.<sS7<sff><ssr 
rfrrrm <sSlQGGy<mn? <srm _l_£_S)/t &-i—<sSI<sSI (/5/535/ LSiflujLDGurrG^ 
0iLjLD <ofmQsf\i—iB(f^^§fj lSI ifl <su rr di ; &6mLD<o5$flmiu ^)®r>Lb&m 
&rruu<o5){£uGuiT60 g-.m®s)G$i $nm <oT<5vr ^®n& Q m gar <g>/ ld 
G«'/rLLs3)z_«@sJr on<sii$§} ^gp/^ssi^Lb urrgj&nr uGlksZt 
^(Gjj&rrGg" (srmpnm. Oildgogo <s>j ulGldgoul 6$)Qj£&tf<!k 
anLiSL<oS\p(^ ^/'(/jSJcu Qr5Q])(hi&lmrT®$r. ^<si;@/<ar> __._•; «/tld^^ 

Qp®S)GfT6G)UJU_ILD, Gcgd5<5<Sff)<£ fl/ LD £J/D/$ <S7/ft<£<95#L/. <*yL__c5<£5 

GojfTGmmrrrg $<ofiluGS)UiLjLD <^&S>)ij&6S)&U-ILd Qc£flr<smL_/T<sir. 

<S>ILp(3j& SillJfflrT&lUJ <S>jr$@ <S>}L£liT$ &(QJ@qS) S)i__/5^ <5£_/7_5cg;<Sff)c£c£ 
<5/7OT ,_g>/®<£<95 r$LSl<Syt65§S)6b <SH<SG)L-.[5§J gGttfg] ^LDLj<SV<oZr&(§flfjLD 
LD<m§jlB e^OTLD/T<Sl/_£) &<sfilQ&rT6iT6fr> <_9//5<95 ^)®$®n LDUtSlipLDG^U 

^l<m<off\u. u([])(&,($<o1j<oZt <5Tm®s)iiJb 2_/p/j§)(£/Lb ^6vg£ild Gl&nrsm® 
&lLul<svxoO <gjGB)i-.[545rr<sZr. ^uQu<smLb<5mfl &<sGTgi lj L-Gtksv iu n gv § 
&rr<sb&m, 65)&&ffl, ^<55)<svu51<s&t S-G/j/tldld (Lp^GSlujsiiipGnip ^ifiistu 
u($\jB§!\(rijf5j5§} <s>j§il&ffl&& r5n-<smg®n&& &rr lLl%.uj§j. ^ojm 

U /T c95 (Lp G> LD ^GUG^jmL-lU c95(SW(oWfl/f) U l!l_(SW. ^ <SWS70 L_ L/ 

u/T/T<^)(5i/<$(g <_9/u Gusmam $rruj&>{5$m G&>&&§?\6b <=£/££© 

GULfi)i5@&jj; S^© &)$§} LDfT&i-LJOpp $$£UU§!GS)LD GufTGVGljLD 
QJ/T(o3>LpI_5)<oiT Q LLsb<o6)lU Q GU <5m (&j (Tfj 8) 670^5 L/ G U [T <SV Glj LD 
^JQJ(^(oS)L-UJ GLD<o$fl G & !T OST $ UJ &>} . <S3) 65 <S5 /T (SU 65 <S?7 Si&&60 

&mL^[sQ &>($&& U ulLl-6f>qj uG U fT6V<& &p<5®(sm&rj(o$)<5mujrT& 
afT<omuuLLL-m. Gu!J§$<9fujldituj& Q&rrmr$lm <_?y/5<5 ^//f)L/^65 
c95/r_l_?)i-5)a) <gi®j®tt LD<sm§i ff($\ulL(J)\&> G4srriLi(5&£)l. Gldgvgv 

(g<5J$/i_b <rt<5m<5m&§jL-®ff c^/QJ(rfr <SS<£ji)<S7D4L/ ^g)<SB7OT_£> 

G5)Gijg>§!l(nj&§il(prTG6rrrT Q(Su<skQj o><95<95<sff><s)7" G&rr&s&m G&ujtBrrcbr. 

QwrT&$<otS){5fii&rT L-ISL *g>j ®J 6G) GW& &L-UL <_2/ 63) 6®ST{£§] ^)/<ol/(Sy5<5^>L-(Lf 
&$^!JGU$<S1ST{£®S)$U L5lULS>gj& <£OT U&&LD @(7JL/U (LpUJGV, ^GlKSU 



j[24 GLb<o$r&fT 

pmtpirdi* @uqpuu^ §><™ &*$&>$ cSy(y>££u>/r* 

Qw&<ss)@uSl<sb iD<ss)p&§]& Q&rr<smL-.rrm. "^«/t/ pir m 
<S7$$m<mGiurr tL.iufrs>rr wriim<3>iuffl®$r $rrmsr$m$& 
&<smi4.(Q®£\Q(p&r! ^joj^muGufrmp Gucm L&rrmm &rrm- 

^rr$uQunmsrm®rldr ^jiusbGum fbrrm G&rr&G&rr& 
<oT$km urr&SlajLD! ^otl_<si/ot Gufiliuajosr ^gvgd n <££>-*$ 

^]@«(g(SlS]fU^<SW <a7<SS7«(g £IGfil$$fr<siT! <oTQjfr&(3)LD £)<Sff)L_<£<95/r<$ 

6TUU14.& §j§$uGum? ^)a/rfr §jjmi^rf uod) erm ojijgvgii 
^ajGwfi&^ffurfff^mGiprr <su($$$& £) (-.&£)$) n <sh. ^rrdr<5jdi 
i£>L-<snwiun<sQ ^^GfBfJLD gupitldgv 2L.iL<5>nftr5@t(3$§} eSliLCS^m; 
erdr &mrG<mr! €rm ^jmui am^ffiiuGLo! GiAan&rrj <or<5kf®5?ii-w 
^jdrm(LpLD QGUil^LDfT?^jLJULii.^^(§LDq; Gjjn-egrruL^onojiLiLD 

GojGOGgJLD £-<obr (££<£<£ <SS)<3> €T<Stf&(&,& &fT lLl_« <fe. L__ /T <£ fT ? 67(oir 

^an** &<$m<omn lLl$-; ^uuisj.^ §}i($ldl}; G&rT&anGm Q&uj&§j 
Gurr§jLD. prrm $)®$ £-drsyi4-®nw; ^)ds/ p^iuld. (5jdi^}QS)i-iu 

<si5)l_C5l_(5W. 2_<sw si5)(5uul/u^. Qurr(njGS)mu uujmu®^ 

€Tm®S)6m GJGiaGOrTLD; ^)<5Bfl /£G*U <oT<S3T G&ujojld! $GiU £g)/5£>- 

mn6®<m&iBm&LLiTLLi4-* G&qj<svld 65(y)(5zr)^fi5)@2/iLb grryprB&GiJGrrrTGST 

^fE& g/)L_ Li5)(75c95<5<oS><35 /5/T6OT ^) 65$ G LD (SI) & <o&T Q$l <S£I LD 

f£}mmuu$5}<sb®n6V. $}§! &&&>iujLb. <£>] <su ®n m r5n®$)<srr&Q& 

6£lGqtg€8)$& Q«/T ®3>§] K g{®J®$)<ofT& G & K SW g}] ®S) ($) &) G fQ <sk . 
Lj(I$Gfy6lpjGB>L-iU LDGfr$ IT)!£l £&)&£$ oSl^LD <S>j <S)J ®£j & (8j <9S-c55£I) 

/5/TOT (3(51igii dO^l/fGlU/t'© Guff\asrfT<sb ^£§i)rj(LpLD 



Q(SlIL-& : $F)(prT(m6G)& L£>/TL_L/L//7)/T 125 

Q u n p u <S5) ld llj ld <oTffi&&6g]LD ^€mu.rriu<sS\(§\LB. ^rr^jLD &&mi 
Q&rTL-iT6rr; iSlprrlL-LD Qu(T)J(Sii65)@iljld ^Quuu(orr. ^oj^L-LD, 
rBrr<s& (Sgu^j Qu<sm (Lpag65)$Giu unfr$g > ri)liurr^6U65T <o7<dnp/ 

^uSlfJLD &$§$UJLD Q&IU§J fi^GSTLD <S£QjQ<5lirr (H) Lj§$UJ LDrhI65)&65)UJ 
^^JU6jS1^^joS]lL.GL-65T. /§ LUIT 611 ifl gp/ LD G LD LD U lLl^GIKSYTIT c95 

G^OjjULjgrTGti, ^)®& $Giu 6rm&(& ) filpipf&pubtTGisr ljlLl_ld£)<si£). 
rsrrm (j^.asfl 2-65T65)65T tu®nr$l iSltpfc (Lp&$65)£5& &<smQ<sm($){5§!LD 
urrnrLJU§$<sb<5$)6V. 6T65T LD65)65T66]65)iuLLjLh rBnonm&Ga 6£Lfilg&tf 
oSl($)&)(l>!pm. &-m®s)imL-Uj &nrs§?iiu6b6oG6inT &rr[E$! njfrir^Gifpfrm 
(Ggg&^GggrrS?!) Gidifgj 6tqst Qu<smGgrr§$&(&, 65)6iig$(ri)&(& l LD 
Guiurr 2-6$T&&d)6vG®jrT ^6m65)LDiul6b Qurr(nj[B&jjGilro&j]! ^\$§> 

6T([IJ65)LDLDITlL65)L-. $)<Stsfl [B K 6VT UfTlTLJuG^ £§) 6068)60 Q IU65JT)] 
^6060^ ^jf&lU3 : Q&rT6V6g]!£)Gir)6Wr 6T65T^j &6GT&)} LD65)65T6S]65)iU 

,(^&Lp[5&j]LD, GLDmarrmGug ^I^^^ld, r£\6S)6Mg>j£ gSI^ld L51t£ipr$ 
^uQ'u6mrLD6ssflu5l6kT ^/(TjSd ^6tn60iu6S)6mu5}6b &ndjrB&j} 

(LpfJL-L-IT LLl—LDfT lil ^ 6U 65) 6IT £g)fl2/<95<$ &lLl!L ^ 611 (^ 65) L- LU 
(Lpag6S)£@ &>65T§J U&&LD §>)(l]jLJlS) 6lll65)!J6lHT&g &65T§} ^{5$\J*565)$ 

Qiu606orfLD 6pm{prrdj& G&rrr£§j ^/si/syr (Lp&g§i)6b (Lp^t&LE\iLL-iT65T. 
sy&>6mrT6V aSl60<&&. (LpLq.iurT45 ^65TUg65)ga Q&rr6mL-.<s>jLD LDrhi65)& 

^>/(75<SU(/5<f5d5 Lj65T65T65)& &rT ll-UL Q$®Qp& Q&lf)ln)§} ^65T§J &655T&65)6tT 

[5mr0(T&& §>!pr5J5iT<5ir. s^^65)65tlljld QurT$&> ^lL($\^qs)60u Gurr6V 
@(5 Grsrr HLial6V rSl&Lprs&tm. u&&G@rr6{))6b ld6S)it) /5 @)(5/5<g 

L\6S\6S)IUU GufT60 3 ^ LD (LD&LD <gj QJ 65)] 65) /_ LU LD65)65T®S1 

^nff^6)JDfT65f\65T (Lp&LDiriU G U IT LU <@5) ll. t—§} . <gj 6U 6fT GLD65T&IT 
6ll65T^j; ^1 611 65)J 65) L_ LU LD65)65T6)5l §JJ fT ^ 6\fT) ff G 65J ^ 611 611 fT /p/ 
U®^§!\(rF>r5j£6Ll6fT. §,1657 U655TL-LD 65)6ll&&UUlLlSL(l])$g> U IT £§>) &&£$ 6V 
65)&65)lU<sfilL-., ^i^l6Sl(f^^§j [BIT &U U (T LD LJ L/ STU Q 6YV 651 (T}J 
UL_(o)/JD©^6^/i; &}6rrLDLf£6b 6T61I61HT n$(nj&(8}LD? ^65)&U GuiT6V 

*gy/5<5<95 &rru.§) G^itosii^Iiu^}. ^oj^j^dl^lu 6U(6j)&3;g65)@ 

^imQ65TfT(JT, <SU(6^<3FS;LD S)si/<aa7gi/<5l5?L_L_^/. ^ 6U <sh <gj /S/ @ 6TUUISL 
.6Ur5£&IT6fT, GlD65T&(T 6TUUISL Gu /T 637/T OT , GlD65T<XIT 6lSl6W L]L—65)6U, 

^)/j<si5)«ot)cS5, ^j ? urj6mrii&m (Lpg6bliu65)6ii ^6ii6frLB^ gtuuul 



126 Gwm&n 

<oij$$<svr €rmg)j U6V q5)^ld/tot &r5G$&r£j Q&rr<sm® §>lGS)&$$rTm. 
(<^u}_Gujrr®n&®niUc& G«l1l_ 0/r«zi Gun6vu Gurj&&iD Q&rrmr($) 

Gu&& np&&pg)l ^LJULq.GlU LDlUfijS}^ ^65)60UJ65)655ru5l6b 

&rrij?5$rrm. gassr6srffi)&) <$j,yp&$u uili— Qarr<srr<ofil& &lLqs)l„<o$)Uju 

Gu!T6D, ^6lJ65)JL-LD65)U& Q«/T(g5£J§)lL/ «/T LB&>@> £Gwfl/5g/ £j§)(!5/5£ 
®)L-LD Q$f?IUjrTLJD<sb Up^§l> <3t§l ^IT^JLD &>®ST LD65)65T6Slu5ll^LD 

<^ot§/ <oS\u&rTrrm&6$)<sn LD65)p@gi$&n65rurjiD Qiurr&Quj GosT^k^j 

LDITuSliprpj. ^6U65)6ff $65)651$$ <oS\{£LD §R p (J$l IU 65) 611 IUIT 61] LD 
^6xJ6^j65)L.iU $65)65r6S\iT)(&) QJ(J ^jQJ65T $($i$®mGS\ Qpfr&&)$gj& 

SQifi e8ip$$n65r. 



<SM&®rTGrr! ^14. ^««/re/r/" <5T65rfr)j Qurrr£]&) QtU(Lgf5$ 

^^@£T^G^^© Qu(f^^G$6)S}65)UJS Sbi©5) ^J65)LpS&$6U65TnUJ& 
65)&u5lG60fi$5lUJ ^f5@ll/L_OT 2-L-LJpLD §J65)Lp^$ 6UlJ[T&&fTl£l GfBfJfT^ 

&€5)iAiu<sx)mir)&(& ) m Q&65r^j, "<sH®J®n ^(^^n^ffleb 

^6V65)60lUrTGtJDr <o765TgU Quifl&tfLD 6£llUULjLD i§) 65) cS5 U L/ LD 
(5^/T(S5t/D« &^jl^65ffT65T; < ^J6U65)J65)L-tU £_L_LOL/ U L-UL^U65)UIL\ LD, 
Q<gFITip&6h!j65)& U65)$U65)UlLfLD, (Ifi&th ^&$$6W ^6fou$65)$UJU), 
&6m&m L]655ru($)LD LD65T$65)$IL]LD UJH61JLD Qu(T^$$ <^6ti 65) 6V IL{ LD 

^$^H$65)$iljld &niLiq-6m. urTLD65)u& <s5<sw(J) rsrrw cg>/<jS7j£) 
/5 (J) /s/ @ S) G /r) rr ld. urrihGunr [5ld65)ld& «(sror® u\u^G$n®S\p§}. 

6UrjiT&&ITL£l $65T^J &G&[T g>fillDrT [f! L_LQ <S>1&&$65)$& &[T L-L^.IU65)&>U 

GurrGVy ^ppopmm LD65r$£s)m!jiT65r ^si/siS?® Qu655ftq.(§LD 



GLDm&fT®S)<sk &mmuLf(n)Q$m 127 

^fGU®Sll—$(£l<£ ^GhzGfjJpu Qu(§LD UIU$GD$& Q&IT<5mU$-(17)fB$6miT 

<oTmrprr6g}Ln, ^m$ Q<siJ6ff}u%p &itl-l_itll<sv lB&gijld uit®ulL® 

LD6S)p$§j, (Lp&^{£)<sb ^/(5<Sl/0£J(S31Lid5cS^LL./Jj_ <SjG$U ^6g]6ll6V)60& 

Q<gFUJ$6U[jrnu <gj6U6$)mu Qunr(njL-U®$$iTLD6b ^j(f^^$6srfr. 
GLD®sT&rrGLi&(&} ^si/ot Q^nQ\$$ Q&60 6o$§?i6Girr6b <sy<°vir&m 

GlUffl&jJLD ^UlfiGl/LD ^IG)JLDnm(LpLD <£j£$) L_/5<95<S1J63) [JU G U R 60$ 

G$rrmi^l(mrf. 

Qu(§^G$6iSl LDnr$$£}jjLD Qld<sv<sv (Lp €mi ap6mi&& (g/j<s$<si, 

£g) 0«S) p rT6fT. <Sl?LL<off)L_ 6l5?LL@ Q<oU<offlUULLL- c95(LO<Sff)<§ 6Tr5$<& 
(8jU®S)U GubL-lS^60 S)L-^$fT G) (SU (offrOTJ" ? c?)/ (oii (Syj G8) L_ IL/ ^{LJLKffl 

<S>j6y65)(ofr<qTriiG& Q&.rr<sm® GuirmrrGmrr? ajrr([^<k(g ) $ Q$i¥Iiljld? 
<S>jis$Lj LS > 6&L-u51(5mGu&<sw&^®sF) 676m&rr§^6b GunL_rrG$ luuun; 

$UjrT&& £_<o5T LLft LDGSin \jn& : &r; 6TLJUL^.lUfT6ll^J #l1££.65 
Q&rT<^L-rr®l£j&6TT OTOT/p/ l6)<55c$ fff$IT6STLLITSJ6]L}LD ,S>l(Lp$$LD 
^(f^$$LLfT^6ljLD ^ITLL&GmiULD UU IJfT UDSgjLD &^IT^6mfT6fr. 

GTGVGOrTLD (§LpUU Q LDmgtJ 6$>G [J Q & /T 60 GO IT 60 (§r$UU$mr$l , 
(S&GUfJLDrflLJ GT65)$& Q&!T6b6U§l?' <5T66){& <sS\Q\UU§J ( ? 2-.6V&G LD $65)60 

$ZLprr& LDrrn5}$ $rr6mL-6iiwrT(£)6ij$rriqLD i ^@g2/sy7w g^si/Oojfr® 

QuiT(nj(6fF)Ln &Lp6b6U$niLILD, $IT6V)]LD $on <S1?lL(£)L_6S7, 

&G&rT$[flLD(Trr &Gu>$rjrruj, ^p&l6h$\ ^ ? &mu$§$60 SlmiDiSl^ 
<9srj6mLD Guit®6u&iJ Gun60$ G$fTmrSlm§}. &>rr6mQ&uj6)j§} ^Gkrosi 
Q$6mu§ l iU) i $6$t&jj <gj&&n6tr Q<3FU6ir6ST^j ^J6kr6$r Q$6hu§^LD 
G$fT6mpu QuprT6srrriLi$ $6m^i Q$m<sfiluj ■' s-<sssrfr6^su ^jLprBgj, 
^,&>§$(jQld 6ui4.6}jfTUJ$^jujfjGLD ffls^psun dj r£lp&, <gj6U6vr suuuSIgo 

LDIT$^}[fLD ^)/(oli(oOT/T5)(U/T LD60 Q&IT p&6fT $n LDIT IU 6Ur5$6&r. (Lp<£$§$6b 

&6ma6iT t /5/l£), £_<95(J), L/(5<oiyLb, &6%r6WLD (Lp$6SllU 

6p61jQ6lJITfflL-$^l6plLD (GjLpUULD (&jLpUULD (^LpLJULD GT®RU-Q$ 

Ou(f^$$ 6T(LD$§$6b 6T(Lp$UUll.l— ®5) 6fT LD U (J LD GutT60& 



128 GLDm&rr 

&[r<mruuL-L-gj. "<5rm lo/tldgst/t/t uiLl-<ssst$§i&G& 

<oU!J<S$<sb<SV><5»lLJrT($LD?" 6T66TpfT66T. LL66)Lp& §Jjp66)60&> « fT p p fT 68Tg] 
&68)60UU68)g>uGufT60 G<5S/7 U(LpLD &jj&&(LpLD' Q U fT /S/ S) GLBfT^I 

tgyGLfGvyant—iu ^(^Sluj Q&rr<sb(oS)<svg g>($\£5g>66T. U)66)6vGufJ6o 
(S) (75/5^5 ld®s)<o$tiuitlLis}- 6TUU14. LD66)p^^iGufT66TfT6rr 6T66tu66)^ 
^oj(^i-.m <^l_£§)(/5/5<95^/t £_<sy7OT/jll Q&rr<sfo<so Lorr lLl.it LD60 
^rfguLLirpfT liu Gu&)iU68)$& &ir<sm, ^6U66T^j G^&(ldld 
&LLu^60L-fii&fT ld60 §iLq.$£5<sin.. 

L}§J68)LDUJfTUJ<5> 8>IT6mUL}L-L- ^611 @/ 66) L-iU f$ 66) 60 66) LL 
QS)IU& &686TL. G) L/ (/5 /5 G ^5 «lS) ^-Gff^p LD(TT)6m(b) 6)5) lL L__ fT 6TT . 
<ST6sfi68)ILD, <gf$IT[B$ Q <5F fT 60 60 fT 60 6UIT IU LSJ.ILI LS}-^Gg <95 U U G 6U <SOT(J) 
QlD66T^J rg\66)68T&,§j <gj 6U 66) 66T& ff)l/)l§}LD &L-68)L- Q&lUUJfT@ 6U66)66TU 

GuiT6o ^j(J5^^fT6rr. (Lp^6v^rj 6un ujulLis^ujtt (ssr Qu(f^^G^6)51Giu 

6$l$<k(&)LDGufT&i} G&fJ LD6YT^66)^U U p $1 & Q&fT606lIgJ 

uSJm&lUfT^Ln. 356887688? ffl 60 QpLfi(8jLD r£l66)6065)LbuSl<sb ^j(§LJU6U68T 
68)®J<£G&fT66)6VU lS 1%-3>&J & Q&fT 6TT6U 68)£ U G U fT 61) ^J 611 6tT , 
6i fflGlUpi LU ^611 66)60 QuJfT66T66)p<i (^ULJp^6lfT6fil i <gj&jj 6UIT UJ6)S}lLQ) 
6£60lB($LDLJ LSj. Gg>lh&>§}&> @(5<5I//T Lpj£g>fT6$T <9S /p/ U L/ /£ fT 66) UJ 
Q6l]6H6$)6n f¥>fTUJfT&& (LpUJ66Tp66)^LjGufT 60 6T^66)66T f5fT68)6rT&(&)@ 
G^lU^^fT6^JLD r3i§I G)<SI/{575«@/i 6T66T66)ILD <Sy&&LD @\ff)\§JLD 
^J6V60fTU)6V i ^L-LDUIJLD Q & UJ $ 6U 6TT fT UJ g, <9><S3Td$/ (Lp&^68)$& 
*^3^/, %Lp&6$)<3> 6lJ68)6)fTg§J i S^^lL66)L^U LjlgJ&S), 6UfTlUfT6V, "(3j" 

<si5)lL(J) u fB6iipn uil (j])&>§>\ p§j\ 6pdjujfTfj& Q&n6m68)L-iUfT ld 
& n Lp ld lj^sij rr ld , ^6hG6rr ^(nfj&^LDrr ld ff(itjld Gu66)ild. 

LDfTLD66TfT[JfTLD LD/T LD66TIT /T/ £§) /£<S LD /7 SJ) /f) ^uSlfJLD LD fT LD 667 fT 66) fj UJ LD 
Qu<SmL^.TTlL.U^66)UJUjijD & /5 66) j£ uS\ 60 611 fT /5/ c95 60 fT LD . £) <SU 6$ & (g 
LDfT^^lfJLD GufTluj LD68tlglT; S^mGefT UfTlf&&LJ G U fT 68T fT 60 
^ipULj^; <3f6L16lJ6rr6ljLD 2MLp60; mUff}6b &l£l&&UUL-L-. lS}688Tfh]&61T 
n>LD&<9>(T 6UI3&JJ <Sl//T(L/«c£ G 6U 686T @ LD ; Q U ffl UJ 6$Q U.66T^J 
L5)#<S^D6f : <S@iL/ G U fT 66T fT 6g} LD , &ffl68)UJ 6UL^1^^J (Lp&£8$6b 
^L^.6£l66TfT66rfTLD 6T68Tp &68)g>UJfTUJ (Lp^/S^dy" 6T66Tpj G&IT LD61TLD 



QLL<m&rr®S}<skr ^(5WQTuq(f^Q^<sk 129 

$<5&mg§i <=9/ © ®j (/5 u G u rr (J) $m§} <£(Lp<5<sa><9> 9(5 ££)(5L/l/<s 

Qu(5/5G^A " <oT<sbr<s5ri—nr! (jj}(jj)LJLj > &<5$$&arrmuj<9 : G&rrpf$6b 
L&68>p&G>l(prTUJ? ^<skjG&r GIulLl^ ®d<mru$-uS\6b GiifB&j] ojrr&GSlsb ■ 

Q&®j&>m O-orrGm gu[5§J 9 'l^ui^ &Q<so& L-.rr <or&LDrrm ojrr&GSlGb 
S)(75<sS)/d/t/t; LD&®s)6rr& &^uiSlQ)SlpfTir ' (ormgu G&rremmrrm 

QJfJGS)d)Qf)G0Quj(5hTgl} <&!$&> (Lp <SW6ff) L- IU L_ /T £_OT<£gjc£ 

Q&rr<5$r<0$r<oii<srr? <sr<sm^j t£<s$rgi (§(§LD®s)ug> 8j>®$)6Q6S)Uj3> &wdirjLC)rr& 

<*>j&&ld Q&rT<smL- QjrjiT&&rTL£l, " <siQjGpr ^jG^rr ^mSiiumiuiSl 
uSJ (§<&&) prriT. ®jrr&\&&)Gp<m G&m;- ^&&i?liu$§$<ggjLh ^{ > &&filujLbl 
f5rr<sm Q&<o$rm<o$r&(&j ®jrj6iiuE}<sbm<sv; Qu<om<smiLD ^<sii®Sli—J£§$<sb 
^<sb<s8)<so. .' (&j6rn£i&®r Q£$<$iu ■GT<&<son6S\L-m&6fii6£iL£> $mprruj$ 

GgLSj-U U!Tlf&&6liLD. GuiT<sSff)§^LD U $61} Q & IU IU 61] LD . [Srr.<SV)ILD 

5_l_G(oOT npuuiL® n> n ®s) srra @ <si/ (75 S) CS /d (s3r. ^gu^uld, 
<gl&LL<o5)L-Ujrr u5lQ])&&G6ij(5mL-rrLb. Qu<sm ^&uuiLL-rrQmmtt)] 
LDrr)j&r5§?l <su$&,n<so<5ki$l ^jfiiGs^ 9 (5 6^(5« (g ld ^tusi/ijS/jfr^/; <s^® 

G<51i(off)(5Dtl5?ffl/Lb 8H®ttfl!B&i} L£)OT§/ Q #61) (SD fTJi/ GTWflJ/ &>$^®?)IUU 

(yzrhr&GpiLD uu^g&tfoSlLLL-rrm. 

<gl<sto$& (3<$lL(5)lj Qufil§}LD ^$^ijm}Q&rr<5mL~. ^dsrrsh, 
" rBGfcpnr uSl(njr5gg] f5rr uj&&G[j firr <ourr<s&(sv&(&)<S5)LpSi§] 
s)®T<zm'Grru e i}i' / g/ 6T<sSr/D L/ £4. ' ^)(5«S)pG^5 £/5@/ c^/d/sir £X>«^r 
0.iun r «fi)ttJG5r; c^/<sii@/«@ /f ^^^iu^juiSlmrfGiurr / ^//5^ 
[5rrp&&sL(Lp&(8jg ^©/5^5 <sj(Lg&<sb LDrriii&irujiBrroff fit <s*jqj<sst 

r5LD<5V>LD& Q&ir<GJ)&(LpLD LD&$UJfT LL6V ffWgf)/63)L_{U ^/^cSfT^^OT 
LD LD £S> 65(1/ /T (51) Qu<Sm65)<SmT ^<Sft Lp^^&Q&fT Sm® G ' U (T ilSl (/?> c£ 
(oL0.fl5fT.l-10 



130 Gldgw&it 

Sliprrm; $ ^QJ^j<i(S^ &>$>& ^^uiSlmnGturr? ^uui±& 
Q&tb@Qj<sk (ipa&fidGb <5Tr5{5 ll n' m rii Q a lLl--gu m rruSI api 16 
(sfilLfiuurrmrr? ^Gbevgj ^6U6V)j&(gj&&fT6br <oT(Lg§}Gurrmrr<> £g)/5£ 

<^tfry{5(T<s$<sb s_ot l/<£|s) 6ruuLq-UjrrujQS)LLL-.&jj! f$ gt® u u rr it 6$)&a 

&fjt)liurT$ 9® S)flj/«S, lSI.gj*, lS.otso., uiflLL®n& QarT®$&<oLi6S)m, 
^(75/5/Tsyr GuitlLl- Qs=rr.J^uQunru^uSI<A (§prrhJ6inau Gurt6v 
cf£ *!*■?- GtnGiJLJUiTGfl-rTmrrGb, ^l^j uj n (f^on l^iu (^l_<5<95<oSt<£<s5)<$c£ 

3HTlL(^Slp^jl <oTr£]&6filL-LD Q&IT <SV <sSl <& Q & IT OfTOfT .G 6U6mL.fT LD; 

& tiupan L/(75<s^<5sf?L_£i)/TQi^/ LDifliuiT6in$a(§ 9(75 Qjrrir£<oG)& 
Q&rrGb<s$loS)LL(jjiLJ Gurr&G®j6m®QLD6irir)j r£l6V)6$r^grT<srnT 1 

LD [r m ld! $b g6 n lagv, Gusmi—rr L-Lq.Quj€brnpj Q&rr<5b<oiS)&QaiTffl 
<surrmFr! £_<sS7<s$f?L_Lb ^/__/5/S)« &)!—&& G<su(^L^iu<sij(Qn)&G& /g 
^WLL£)tuL£l®)6orT$GuiT§i 9 <s*j®J®n®TLJ Gutpipoj^j^^ /f 9(5 
Qunr(§LLufT9 rsdHoV ^eHi^^untum (^jtofil^ojuium) 6J6m^j 
<3S6mu.rT6$r. 2-.m£B65)6i)u5l6b GiiLpouLp GlGurngu iRm&rnb ^<sv)ipg§j 

oSlilL-ZT^" <oT6iTgtl & : LDU^fT<3FLDUj^^L£lmf^<3 : Q&IT p^6S)6fTlLJ LD, 

6m&&6$xsmLiLD, £-t—.LDL5}m&6$)&5 LDL^uq^6^6mLf ld ^-.o^^^GmnGrr. 

ojfTir&i^rrLS §)n)] 6uiu8$6bl(fj)r$G@ &G&rT&iflwrTi?lL-.£D <^(j^<sSl^ 

<g>f& : &^6$)glL]LD LDffilUnmglLjLD 0(95/7 (SWL^.© /5<S5<£L/<o3T. ^g <oSl <sbr , 
<g>J6Llfr&<ofi!L-LD 61 ^l FT 611 FT ^ LD Q & LU g $ LU fT 6ST .. 61 ®tt fQ (T 6£J LD , 
<%vff6$)LnUJ!T6m U(9)3)g>ri$lQS)Qd& Q&fT 655TL_ <S1/ 637". ^gL^^Gffi", <S>J 6U IT&ffl 

Qu/t(5^^ld/d/d Q&rrip&6S)6rr& : (0)377 <ri><so<ss (SdSilgjib GurrQd5(5i; 

6VfTLD Q6li6)filULJ6mL-.lLirTlLl LDf^£§j&&^gtfhD ^€^6fi)6folf)\g> ££m 

ldgu^iA ^jgj gGuGfpmGfoj Q&nr6m®> GunGmnp Gun&irp 
GLDm&ir®Sl<sbr lB§j <3j6iJiT&<sh ^/<sii<sir LD6$r&»i6b Q/5g)/s/ 

« /T O) LD /T cS L/ U65)3S6S)LDlLjLD Q 611 Qj U 6$) U ILj LD £_ <553r L_ fl" 65 £) 
<51//|^0/5^(SOT/T. ^uS)6S)jLD,\2l6ll61S)m& 8$ ([$ LD U 6lj LD <S>{6S)Lpt5&jJ<& 

Gmrrm^LDuui. Q&iuiu ^6ii6h LDGsrong ^ <su /7« (gyj ii 



GLDmr&rroSlm &mmuL](§6i$*<sk 131 

~&rrLDITGS)<olJlLI(njLD &6S>60$gJ K^j6U6fT dSgl S_<5MrL_^«S)cii <^} ? 6G)& 

r$prr5&!JLDrTdj <SHUuiq. Giu <gj6V6br LD6$r$£)6b Qgu&6$iii$1 q5?l!l_^/. 

<g>]<Sll<obr LD6ST6$)£ £-(Lg>gJ U6muQ)^^ <55/f)c95<S^r><DlT ®S)<SD&&} ^Gufr&m 

[BlLl- arr^GV oSlmg (Lp<ss)6irr&&, <g>iQS)$ ^Qj<sff)<si//£j$/ $n iLseBeb 

GlLGSf&n &65T&JJ ^Lp/5^5 GLUTg&GVOJLAnr&lUJ &.(J^6S)^U GuiUgJ, 

^prLD<m?iu (§6mLDrr&uj rSmijLJurTdj&ff), ^<svfliu 6p(Lg<!k& Qld6$)ild 
ufT§i&rrudilmiT<a) Q&Lq_uj[T&&} ldijldit&S) afflL_L.<sBrdr. ^&&ng>60 
u£>!jp$<5b ^(otn&iyLD, «^otl/lId, uiL&O-pLD, ^rj&&(LpLb, &6V>ujilild 
Lj ? &&6rrrr uju l^j&jbgst. <5p<suQ<oi]rf (hj Q&ndi5$6pjLD uLpr£j&6rr 
Q su <sy?) u u i—&> ^si5)^^/<s(o)cg5/r(SWLg.(5/5^co3T. ^^GSlek, rgjeuonr 

6)Sl6fy-UJ&06b <gl<S)J<sh LD6m^\60 ^/(53)cJc5c95cic9^£__/T^ rE,Lbl$&>6$)&lLjLD 

■&<m.6mi<as)L-Uj ^g]LD^}u5}(smf$l $rB65)giqL-6ir G&ebrnfrlijnrGrr Giosifpj 
2-rr)]$£luj.rT& $®s)6$T£b$rr<5sr. is^uis^. &Q<sv&L-fr ^^juiSluj <£/££§) 
2-<sm6mLDiun :m§i GrmfpjLD, ^gysy/T <3j <su <ss) <srr <s>j <s$) Lp gg] u 
G u n & ®S1 60 6® 60 GiusbTfrjjLD, <sy<siiif ^suanm s*j6S)Lpggju 
QurTuSl(nj[5§i Qumu O&rrGbGu&rf ^eu (5«@« G&LL68>u.uj6bif$ 
$<sk<5is)LD6$)UJ£B &prr&jj ^$ > ®s)®ujrT<sb, ^jainr ^(Su.gSIjbld Q&rr<sbGO 
G(5iKsmuj.uj (Lp^rr^fjLSl<sbiss)<soQujGiTff)jLo r£l&&ujLjbrT& 
r£\®S)<sm$t£[T®n. ^ot/ksi), GLD6m&irGQjrT Gojnpj 6T6U(§l^.65)jld 
^(srsflGiu GunSJipojGfKsmgu; ^a&rrGGrrrr QufT(f¥ } ^iS\6b6on&, 
Gl&rrp&GinorT ^(Lg&,g>umdj& : Q&rr6b<s£l <sy$LL($)&)prT<srr, GiDm&n 
&rrmrrrub!pGLm<z5r 6U6$)&gnrm 6T6ir6$r 6T6ktr)j LKSVojrrjry rgl65)6m{£§j 
U3m&(&iLpuuLD <SH<oG)L-!p&jj rffG&rroGiJGsrrTdj, " ^<sufr £§)/5<5 £M(§&G& 
<surT<o£l<sb(5v><sv Qiumgu Q<3FfT6b6^jS}prTGfj! si<s$)g> /g/rii gjuuui- 
QurrujQujm{r)j rglmm&Sdipgj? <g>JQjfr &nt&rrij6m LL®$fl&rr6b60. 
&fr&&n fr $L.$$iQujrr&$§l<sQ |g) (/5 u u <su /t. <sy®jfr u®Brr ojrrfijSdmiTijrr 

^g) 60 65) 60 UJ n 616WU6$)&>U U (7) $ $ (<S7j & !T g£ ffl 60 /5 LD (Jfi 6$) I— UJ 
^1(5/5^)^/7 Ujn"Cm&&ITu5l6iniLD <57(Lp$5l 2-6m6S)LD6S)lU 6p(§ r£}dS}6i$$£5)6b 

<3in5lr5&il 6L3lL-.6onrGL£). ^j^^u Guituj $6S)60&&(rQ&6iru§i 



132 Gld<o$t&it 

^m$8>G&il.L- GumruLiT $j®®J(§&> &<°m<o$)L-.GurT(i))LD 
QufT(§iL& (LpmmLDudr^lsm &>ld§} ^.l^loiSIg^otot (tptL&m 
@)<sS\fr&&u u&>$ r§)rbu6v$u<3ufTGQ ^(/J/^gw/t. Qu($[5Q$aSl 9 
u <g>G&rr!^®jm Qun-djQ&rr<&wn-$&fil&3 : J5$[rLD&rT fjn^rrG(5Ufr? 
^uuuLUjrTmrrGb $fTihj&m Q&rr<sbGii§} GlurrdjGiwr? &ftl$rrm 
^uui^uulLl-OJGvt <5Tdru<ss)$ ^uurrsS) ^/#/55/ 
Q&(T<sm($)$nrG<oVT ^a/gp/zi ^joj^ld ^uuul& Q&ujgj 
<s8iLL-rrn&m. §>1ldldit®£} u<5mnL^Q[rdru^j (Lp&g§?lG<5oGuj 
Q^rfliUGS(5VGm(o0iurf? ^a/sir ugorr 6urr[£i&i6$rrr6vrrT ^]<sb®r>6ouj[T 
Q6u<sbru<ss>$ /g ^r&^§j^SlL^(Lpi4.iqGLDnf? &<sum ^rj&@)ujLDrT& 
pggrr GurrfR]^ $mong>$nGQ ^(^^nr^rr (Lp(Lp^2^jLD guuuLggj 
gSI lL®@& rrdr ojrTfEj^aiirGmrr? Guifliu &Q<oO<5>L-„(n ) &(& ) 9(5 

&iSL@LD <oT(Lp§)} G&®J&®i?\L-LD <g\ @/ U l3 W TT 60 , ^OJ^JLD <£i$m 

GurilGwGaj u8$<ob <st(ld§$ ^/@/ulSqS®S)/d/tot. £g)/5<5 LDir^irfl 
^(sum ^-.<sirgff)/(Sg)L-aj &<sS\ajrr<om$§>i6b Uggir gwt rii§?)m®r>£5 j$ 
uo>fD{5&(T<sgjiA pirm LDjpuGuG^rnr? ^jQ^d)60fTLD s„<otfrgr)/OT>L_uj 
@ /f) p ld <sb go . S-.<shG(sn g/<sy>Lp/5#i/ Q&rr<^L^(Wj&(8jLD LD^^^im 
G®u<sv)(zOujit&(&)LD ^)§J' ^ojfr&Grr <jy/5<9>c£ G^suuLiurr fBirifleirnu 
^jrijG& <5Tgip&rr&. ^G^uiBonn fr&m? ld0/5^d^ ^.rnGorr 
Q&spj&&>&&n G<o$r ^g/gp/L/ lSIg^u fram. ^j<s$fiGLD<sv s_(^r^@ ^ojiram 
Gl&iKsvGgioj&ijgrTdr ^I^lduuSI^^^ld. ^g)(gj£} @<stfr/D ^fjfiiSim 
(Lp&J5®ng>uGun<so s^dr (lp&Gld $ggg®n&& Q&(T<a)6gj$z)'(pG$! 
LDd^rB&tj Guo^fron- ld(§^§j! ufiiLiiLUJLDiLrfm ^Q<so&rr®5T<S)j<snnl 

LD((])LD&<sh Gu&§$ <5T6bG(MfT!T&(&,LD &>(T \h&§>lLp6fi\ lUGOGOSUn ^(SUSYT/ 

Qurrf$g> ^lLQ)qjgis)^ljGuitgo 2-shrmm ^(/5 riliB^^^iGo 
c^/ si/ (syj <an l_ £L/ Lbrr$§>l<oX)fj<& G&rrGvrrGV lj&jj ld Gsfl gs m rr & &) 
<sS)iLL—rrG<stT! SlLps^l &n&<si]LD ldu LLi_nrm; G&ggBiTGgjLD 
GJLnGtnmiLjLD <oT&§?l si5) @ <si/ /7 <sJr; upt/j] <57rfliqLD Q r$ ($ u ®n u ilj ld 
lduj&§>) 5)5) (J) si/ rr G (5)7/ 

CoasniDOTib:- sjmiiL ^dsds.frdr/ ^i<su<srr cu^ LDfQjr5nrG<srr fBrr<sbr 
(ol&rnstirGfottrsbr; ^ uGurr^j st^^ld ldit lLs&L-uGlj rr <sou 
Gu&rrLD<sSI(§[5§j «aSlil® ^juGurr§j, "uuulLul uuulLul" otot/jj/ 



QiDm&n<$&\m &mmuq(nj®$6&r 133 

squ\~g>§}'& G^nfsrr^^pnGiu! 6U{jrT&&ni£l&(3) r&nm Q&rr<sm($\ 
Gun m c95/7 ui3<oS)iu <5T<sk msuflisS)®!})^ ^guw t3®rLt§3& Q&n<sm® 
Gun onnGm^irg^ {Brroff £-L-Qqsi G&rr mG®n(S<m /§ &rr$£i<sb 
OdfnhjSimmufT? ^i^id) gfrG<m LD(f^^a)^u Guft lLl^h dr. 
^uGurrG^ <o$)&tLiLD GubiuiLi ld(tujlj iSl.iq.$§i&Q&rT6mL-n<sb 

<S5/7/fi{U£jD ^<Sl/<Sl/6Yr<Sl/<95@ GU(f^LDfT? <Sy<5lf(Qf > <S$)L-UJ ^IJGvGLD^OGOfTLD 

u<sS\<k(&>&Lbn? ^uQun§i u®; 2_<ss7«(5 Goj<sm®w. 

(Siucr^jfeCc^sil i- n>n<55m <sy®s)g 3>®j<sg?\&&> <s3<sb(o$)GD? $^uuu\. 
rgl®n<m£§j& G&rr<smLq-(r$&QfDiTiLi! /5/tot r5i—J5&<oto& GiuGOGoniD 
&Gii®sflgG$<sh. <3iGU<sh <3>n uiSl<s$)tu s_<sir GS)^uS\<oSlq^^§i 
LS!®/s/S)«Q«rr(SOT(5) Gunm§jLD G&iJIiljld. uQ)i&6S)&uj<oV)!p 
uSl<sSI(fi)!p& &mmi<oV)i—m £f/j/sy@u GuCt^maj^ $>i(p$$§jLD 
GgrrliLILD. <^/@<s$(5/5ji/ §rG^rr ld(ft,!£<ss)& Giu®^§j<m & rr u l$I uSi <sb 

GurTL-L-§]LD GgftlLJLD. ^uGuff^i Lj§} GlDIT&LD 65<S3>60<£<3<3/l5) 

g)(5«(gii). (oJUUL^ujfTOj^j ^jd^u® .Gu-($ld <$GZrpfT.u5l(!5ip§i 

&&LJUL-.lL($ILD. ^fTOST <5J($m <S>j<S$)&£> <S ©««GoiSW® GubGMtt)] 

Gu&rrLA<5S}($!3§j (sSliLGt^m; £g)/5<9$ ii)/rjg)/fi s^^-ld 14.11% <sb <^/<su<ri7 
m^GufriLi-gti ^uGurrgj grrGmQ$rr)£)pgj. 

(Ssnureirib:- ^gjaimpruSlsb 6iiprrT&&n ubi [5LD&Q&§$i?!(sb 
^®j<ofilL-LD Q^(§iiiSiu Gu&gijld g^&&[i}Q&nm®jr[di. £g)j5£ g>/5JS/ 

r5U(ofilQ^LD <3JGU6$)<SH 6£(5 $ lB ®fy mi &n.L- oSlL-ff LD 60 *£/ <&/ (gflj <Sff> L- (Lf 
LfI—<S$)®J& g<0$)6VU<o5)ULJ LSlLq.g§J&Q&IT(omGL- <g)j®n6Vl££ITGm! &IU 

Lj$$Giurr($) g)(75«Sp 9(5 ^€mL3<5rrm<srT ^uuL±g@rrmrr 
QuiL(5S)L-GLDfTQ<osfl iSiLq.&$®s)<so<surTdr? ^jojsrr (&,<ofil&&u 

L/L_(^<a/^©^^«Q<Sfrc5yr(5yrc^^^i^^p^P0^ GurT<mn<sb rsrr<m 
^^iSImmm^'&GoGMttiriJ G&rr<a)UGU68)<ssruGurT<so £g)<sygp£i> 

UL-is}-&&rT(L(—rT<sbr <oT<skruniT^m. ^uuLq. aj(sb<soojn ^jojm Gg<m 

(§14-^ [Bffl LDfT^ifil ^lU q5?i1l_/7<S37. $)P$J5 <$L_<KT><SU 6T61) (51) H LD 



134 (?iD(SW(S/T 

G&jeuGT? (Lpm&nr<smrT& ot<suq5?<55£J Lj§j<smjb<smu ^®j<m^)uGuir&jj 
&mr®i o5)u.unrm? ®Sl$<s£l$Lorrar #Q&rr$ftl&m rsnih 
{gl ($&£!(§ p/r 8 Ld GtudrSlp <svg&qs)<b§ g)a/@/«@£i ^l&esKso, 

<jyaL/(g2>«(g)(JD ^)d)<ol)lTLDfp GurTUJ<ofi\U-U.Qg>l 

3>uulvu§] <&!§!! &>r&J&{5®s)&<k &*.L- LDirpfruu urr fruugp^ 
zuonpuurrn&m. ^wm &UF<&ffi0 $(£j&$$6j21ld a_(u/Tsy; SGLp 
eSl u rr w <sv ^<ss><soGldG<soGuj <oS)OJ^^i(^^^uuLiurrG(S0 ^rrm, 
rsmprrtu tyLLnpf&oSlLLL-rriTG&T. fsn^JLD uirft^G^m; L/ (§o^^j w 
Qu6mu.rrL-Uj.tLi ld ^Juuul LDFrmriiG&u.® ^<o$)<svrs&os)£ rsrrm 
urrfr^^Gss u5l<sb65)<sv. (oTGbTG&rGojiT §}<5kr6ST Guiu&Jd) G®jul&qs)& 
uit!T&&lL($Gld Giumpj <5p(§ rsrrmojrruj gaun!)!, "rsrru.<s&LD urrfr&& 
^6fobp^&ij&Q&rT<5m(i)) Gurrurr ^rm^j Q&ri(sb<s6} si5)l_Gl„(o3T. 

^<SZn<95 <&GfJ LSlULtUTTUJU L$ ULg&tf&Q&(7 6mU-(T G Qtf! J$/<S3)£r 

8^6$)[j<9 : fr<s$fl&<sir <srmGp $<s&65t$§i& G&insm® ®S)Li.urTif&m. 
&i^n)&6S)[r&(&,LJ GuiTGiigijLD, rsiTu&$!glfr)(§Lj GurrGu&ijLD, @@zjol/ 
m) £$(?&(§$&(&) g g{&jUQ(T? ^jSLKs&T ^rr<sm &?LUi3u-U-rr<sb c2//5<£<35 
Q&rr(LpuQu(b)J5& SJuirrfi&t&j iDirmLD Q<siju.&ld GpdrpjLD 
^j(5bGVfTLDG0fT Gu/t« G (sv <dm Q) ld ? ^jojfr&m «L_/f)d5(^n/Ju5)c5i) 
G&uj^&ng <s7@/tq?lL(5) rT-8r6u'fi\ lULDLDirm r5fTLL(^LjQu<5mQ& : rf(sb(561S : 
Q<y/Ta)Q9«# SlifUSlprrm, <oT6$t&(&) rsn&m&u i3Q\rm§ti& 
Q&rrmm<sv!TLD Guirsu ^(75/5^65/. 

&up&®$)rjifi\<sb ^jfojrr&G&m <or<sbG<sorrqF,LD urnTjBgiu Ljrjvftl 
Gsfiuiljlduijl ^(75<si/(5<$Qd5fl~(75<si//7" &lLul& G&rrmojgfTLb; (Lp$$ 
iBQ\Qtj^rrLD. £g)/5c9>c£ &£Sl&rr<sv& a^^§j 2_<5mu.rr! ^uL^nso fau 
^y?&> GgrflujiTtB qu rjrr $&rr uSl iq ld ^juul^.^ G&djGurrGsm «CTW/ry 
Q&rr<sv€Sl& : Q&rr<ob<s£] <^&&ftlujuuiL®u Gurr&lprr if&mrrLD. 
CT(SW<55@ sl-iBGij Gurruj(sSlu.u§}. 

&l$gj Grsuw .&LDurs$LDpp <& <a/ @5 <sm u iu GarruLiu 
Q&np&mm& G&U.& tom ld p p Gmssr n ij rglsirp ®j{jrr&&rT l$, 



Qwm&rr®S\<m mmmuLi^^mr 135 

"etmosTisL. iu<&arr<sk! arnf)uj$<o5)@ gSIlL® GrosrmGLDrr Gua-StprrGiul 
^<surr ^i<o^Lp^^jLjQurru51(r^!^^U(5b <g>l<sij<$rr ^fiiG&> ^)<sb6$)60 
Qaj<sforz)] <5TJ£ir)&rr&<9 : Q&nr<&6vG<su<DWT($)LD. Qu6wr&n<5m LDGmp&gj 

<5$)<SlJ£3iJ&Q&(T<sh<on- (LpL^lLjLDIT t ^ U U UL. LD <Sff) /D <£#*/ 6$)<oV£&jJ<& 

Q&n&T<su$<oGnT<SQ ^<siifr&(@ri)&(&} stwsw goitljld? GTGijrrrruSlmiLD 
^ffQuo> t5w§i &<sm&<s®m ^<sS\&3ji& G&rrm Giirrif&GrrfT? <oT<si/o5)^Lb 
G&djuojprr uSl(§r5$rr<sb ^urr.3000 Q&<so<suijS\{£gp} ^(/5 <sx/ /t //<£ ££)/?)(§ 

GqJ6$)<SD ®j <SV 65) 60 UJ IT ? ^ QJ /7"<9S (gffj <SS) L.UJ U <Sm &>§j&(&)8> &>n m 

(o)6F(5uei/ Q&djiu <MLfiu5}<sbm<sDUJiT? GTG&rpnm. 

6iu<£!>: ^^ Q&r?luj®51<$b65)6vajrr 2-.m<&(&,? ^gmu uS)<5b6orrg 
G&nr(Lptl.Lq- ^ypGpn® GurKSiifronn ? <sy<sb<sv§j G^niflium @(J)l6) 

&LDLDK ^(^LDfT? G<oUQj <51j5p&(T& <SU /5 g IT 637 ? £_<S37c£<3) 

Q&rr&(8juQu[TiiL. GurfL-^^nm. ^ojrr&Grr Qpu.fr &>Q<snQsi(r)] 
urffr^rrGiUfr? $itGld ^L-.rr&mrrG<mrrLD; £-&r6F>m miu^Sl 

6$)&GLl&LLITa§?}JB 3> Gtsfl <SV) LD uSJ O) 3H®nLp®>&i!& Q & K <5m L— IT 6V 
£__<SVT<Z&)68TILILD, Q U 6m<oG)(mriLj LD <5T IBJ & K ®J &tf ^(oSfl« (g 1SL&&6STLD 

Q&djiu <sqLDng>§?\6$irT<sb LSp(§ ^rrm <s>iiq.$$§} ^lL-L-LDR 
o5)(75«cS<a)/rLb ^gogogikt / ^§)i5<5 ^jij<sm® Qldit lL<ss>l_ 
(j£Gm<stoL-<ss.(gnj6is)L-UJ ^j<oV)L-(tn)<9F(sb ^jGVGDrr w<sb Qu<om 
jSGSTGSTrf&rr ih ojrrLpGonLD ^(Susosii/T/ ^§]&&rr&@g5ij<sbr ld(i^^§j 
GurrL- ^(M^ffl^miULSJmrrfr&m. <sur5&> &nriflujLD &gou&§$<sv 6$)& 
<&iL#.6i5)LLi_g/. /g£L/zi) &rr&n<o5)i&>rT3 : ®sirruj oSliLL^niu! ^(^ldlSIu 
Gu n ujqS1lLl.it m; QudsfL-rriLuL.ujrT$Q$ GluffiujrTgGg <ndr^j /g 
^<su<o$)<5ng» Q$UL.&Q&fr<sm($\ ^(^c?/rg^0<i@ <Qiq- gu^guituj <5T<mu§j 
^<siifr&($>nj<&(§ rsdrprriLig O^/flo/zi. /f ^//s/(g <sxj^fr<sb ^l<siifr^m 
G&rrpuuL. $nrG<ssr Q&dj£lprrtij.+ ^LDLDrrm, "«/jsotld Gurr® 
GT&rptTGb "^jG&rr Gufr®S\Gpdf <5i<dK<5®tfl&Q&nm" <stot/jj/ 
Q&dj£)prTUJ. "prTGir uiLi—6mf5§lip<§ tojpu>niLGL-®n. /g £g)/5/(5« 
<su&&<sb u<o065)amuJ45 Q$rrm&<5fi\®" <ordruPfm. 'V/fl <5T<sir£}prTdj; 



136 GLDm&rr 

9$<ob<5vrrLD /g/r/ ^u^^mA su€srA(S ®(Lprii&rrs> ^i\p&*,L-$ 

G&ifimrrG^- <5Tmip[T<srr. 

^<ss)$&G&iLL- <suprT&&m£luSlm iuGostu rgltznGOoniu «rrdron 

Q<5udT£] QfF!TGO<Sti§}? UH 2JDL/ &Lq.&&U GuppGlim 

u^LJUis^iumu^ &mg] Q$efi)wrrm ^!j5I<ss>isuilild ^.sw/t^si/^ii 
g) [p /55/ mujm&&> & > ®wrT£i&®s)<s»uGurT<oO ^/gi/@/^l_(l/ 
rglmwGVLD GLbdTGmgULD ufjl^nu&fjLLrfS LDrrfiiugj. «$/g/ «oto/ 
$®»<soGujrr <gj<ob<svgj $mm®4 ^mGvGajfrQ(5u,mu^} 
&(£G&>&wnuJu Guiresrgi. GLom&rr Gurr<mgj aesmurr, <^&r$ 
^k&nm Q&rrGO®j§j &m<oUfT <zn<zku§i G$rr<s&rpaSI<&<ss)<so. GmanarT 
&rr«mrTLD!pGurr<s6T§iLD ^(mros)LDiumL&> G&rrmfiJujgi. ^&<$,rr<m 
Q&rT$m®n§]LD fgl^LLfTiii^ G&rrm$iu§]. dV®^^ $i£1®$ld 
g)/r<sw©LD Qurrtijiurr&$ G'$rrm$m. ^^^n^^i^uj 

^Gum LD<s37@<si) rBGsrpadju uiLl.^j. ^sn^imi—iu LDmS^GV G(S)j^j 
6T$£®nmGujrr &f5G$&r£j&GfT a_@^<sw. <s>j<sv^j&(§ ^lupana 
uS)G®)Giu ^««/t^^l-cu Q<3Frr<sb(sSl<sb f5ihL$&€S)&u-i<sm($\. 
^m&ujrrso, ^uGurrsjjLD <gi®Jffl Q&ir<5kr®n-®r>@ ^&iL®s)L- Qs=ujlu 

Q&£j§Iuild Qunrdjaj<sb(ovQ®jdrgj G$rr<xr$iugi. <SH§} $®QLLrr 

^GD6D§j ^j^j r§)®DLDirQGlJ6MU®r>£ $ & & LU LD fT UJ & /# IU 
(o£lL L^<5$(!5r5$fT 61) GufT(5Sff)GV U@SV Q&lUtLJLDULIt- f5LD^(§ 

• 5? * • 

(LpU^iLlLD <5TG&rfD(T<oGT. 

«Situ©:- ^Qg><sb<oOrriD £)<si/<s$65(g) ^©^ /^/tz^c^lol/u/t; /5/T637 

<3jL$-UU§J GufTfSV^L^Si^Gpmfi^O^GlJ^lGurfGV^O^ <S7<S<57gp/£i 

tuGCGOGim; /g Gurr(S§§)6b u^igij Q&ujuj lo/tlLl_/t QlUQSTU§J 



(SLDOffsuToSlGm &mmuq(7ij®$m 137 

<5TQj<a/G)T<5i/ &rr<svg8jjLj ULpLO Q u(nj&&rT<oiit}$<sn! <oT&>$<55>gst osnfr 

cS-/f)/?5)s37"<Sl//T65(Syr/ <5Tg{£®n®$T LD®sFlg(SV)[J ^Cl&Gl&OnfT)} 6Lirr<o$)LpLJ 
ULp&><SlS)g, (Lp(LgfBJ(^<5UQ^^U GuiTGV OJUuSld) GufTLLQ)^Q^U(SmL- 
®0IT LDLjGH^^rr^OT! "<o7OT Q U <SOT L_ fT L- U}. <5$) UJ 67(51/ G <SW /T 

^(5ftU3^^&Q&rT<sm(£) Qundj<oS]iLL^rT Q<m<sm^j <orip@ LDrrmfii 
GlaiLL-Giim GurrSvtflGb <5T(Lpfi$ onojuunrGh? s^sir LDrTLD®rrn(nj&(3) 

®\§i Q^lJllUfT^fT? ^OJfT <otLDm®STU U6V<9SI7(JLD LJ6Wgg)/g) pGUif 

^j<sb<svGUfTi &m&LDLDnrGmrr Gl&rr&G&rr!- 6TGupirsh. 

(SMjrriT®;- syfojfr r5n<ssxsH&(& > Qj(f^S\GpQQST<mQ] <oT(LD^iu5\q^A 
SlpnGfj; <57£B&>®s)®nGiurr Ggug^go^g^gu q5)lL($) <or^p&rr& ^guit 
(spLij.Qj(f^Slp§j? pirm grrm <g>jf£jG& Qj(r^G<5)jQ(5WGirg}j ct@/tl//t/t^ 
^rrrraGrr <oT<sirprrGiLi. 

Siu®:- /j> grr<sir Guir&rrLDGV ^^^laj^juiSl g&lLl-itGuj; 
Q&iLi@®r>g (LpoggjLD Q&£j&!J®S)l„ (3qjsotl_/tld/t ? ^&p&rr& ^guGij 
<sij ([$£} p rrir. ^r£iG& oj/5j$/ <oT[Ri&Gmn($) &lLlsi_ lu(lp&jj<o£)lL($ 
2_<skr®s)6m$ gasflujrra ^(S^Lp^^juGurruj ^dr &rr8$<sb Lorr^^frih 
^(oBTfTsi) r£ ^ifl^um GTGfrrUSlpnrdj. 

«SMjjrr»:- ^uuis}-iuiTmiT(sv i ^<swmp&(&) oj^3S(ourr <3i<oiiGrj 
Qm®sru§] &[flgiT6$Trr<? 

«elu©;- ;5<sff>L_(S)iL/<sSrGBr/ S^LpoSlonmu urnLiij, Glujmjgi 
Q<sFfT6V<sv &f5GgaQ LbGh&n! Qoj6h(ofil <s£l<sb<5$)6V GuitlLl. 

cgy 61/ (/5 65) L_ LU G&6U&6VT QJ^§} LSj-UL^. c£ (SU c£ L_ (7 LD&GS)<ollT& 

&LUiSl®£}prTQ,rj<zbrg)] G)«F/7 6i)<aS) ^jguopkstt ^o^Lp^^nskr. <3J&jj 
^juGufr§j^fT(m <nm «6ot (Lpmmrr<5V /5ll/l/|] GurrGV 
^($&&p&tf!- GTmprrsh. 

" /f ^<suGr>rr ^m &<sm<mrrT<sb urrrr^nujn? <oimp Ga<sh®S] 
G&$tr<sfil <5iirjir&&rru3iuiAsy<M<^i—iJ) G^iLi4.q¥,uurfm. ^//5^5« (§pr<sb 

IU!T(JT)GS)L-UJ§]? GVpTr^ffrTuSllLjLDy c?G><$ fT &> ifl LD U (5 LD 



138 G>LD<o5F«/T 

&mLDiu<ovmpuS}6b £§)<3/5<£OT/7 «sr^iPi (ip<skr^rGu Q&n<sb<sou 

Q&<M&®sfiL-@§d<$S}(§!$§j <Miriib^$Q&]T<om® *%,&$?$ 8$ n Qi 
su&tQ(S(t §}€$)Lpr5&Li &®nwuj60G&(r)&(gjC. Gl&mpGurr&tf ^/©^ 
<s$lL(7>i &rrii)rr<mQjm(n)L£> spon&uSlGbrffi) ^mGm ojfjy&a, £M(Q}&<oSl<ob 
gL.iLarrfrt5§j g-CLjpLD [5L-r5& &LbutT®%G$)6m<5mu <<$(§ @\$\§}ih 
®SlL-.nrw<ob (S«ilif (75^^/T/r. ^/«si/CS/j Qwp<$$\&&uuiLL_. 
Q$>m<sfilGS)UJ<!k G&iLl-Guit. $m&rf &ir(rurra ^rTiDumsuiuif uiflJBgi 
Gu&&lprrfr <5Tmu€m&® «<swl_ QjfjfT&&rTL6) i £_l_(3<sw Q®u<5iffiu$<sb 

OlLftSUSU/TLD /5/7 6ST <3 <35 ll © <& O c£ /7 (SW@<g/T OT ^(J/gG^OT. £.637 
LD/TLDOT/T/T Sl//5^5<5^)^5 ^)sii/T(95<a/r Q/5/7?<oi> UITlT^fT IT&ffliT 9 ^aUT^GfT 

2~LLLirpg>$<SQ <sy<$v6V®jrr {j^(njJ5$iriT&Gir?" <si<mQj <3FrrLnfT<oV)Qjiufr 

<S7©^/L/ Gu^)(o3T/r/T. 

€iu®s- &[riAfTt r§ G<s5fr(tpLLij^ &rrLL@)ujrTdju Gu& su^§j 
<sS\iLi-.fjQ{UPf9 c^oj^dsw r&nrk&m GrEir}<sb u rr rr^G<su<sw-Q)iDrf ? 
Qojsyrsr7)ei5)Gi)(o3>so GuijlLl. Q&Gu&6$t <si//5j$/ Q&nrQfr<o$rrrG(m. ^<sum 
Qurriu Q&n Gbfajrr <mrr o sir&8> iD^kros)L-uSlG(SO l}(ll8>3> ld&it 
QuiilujQjfr^^Q(mQj[TfTLD<5b^LDiT^^(si)fTuju QulLlq. 61/<SWlf cz5)(si) 
^)C5/55/G)«/rswrO/_ (g<y&Uc%6ff)q7 ^im!.uqLoGunr€ji $rrm&m 
Q<su<ofr!t61<ob Guruh &flu$uw ^rrCu^ Q^ypn^(^)(sv uir<i(§ Lj.u^m 

(gjLDULD GiDOTLO ^ITGfrLD (ip^d))uj 2_U&&n fJ^G^fT © <£»//5<$ 

GTGh&lpirGmrr ? ^oj<sir u^ui^. &Q<so&L-ijrT uSl(nj$$rr <sb ^^j ^/ojot 

§lGw &IT ll_L^G6U€Wr($)LD. [&LD&Q&GiT6STL-.{T ^SlfgrtfS^L-lLf dJlL/Sl/? 

rBLD(LpQnL-iLi eii[m&&fTL6luSI<oZr arT6G)<svu [Slu^^^ju Qu<sw<ss)<S5sr<s 
$rr(Lpw ^teiiGnasr Lorr!ujrT®s)&u u® i g>& i jQ<siirT w ..*& mi GSl sogok 



Qi&m&irr®Sl<m &mmuq(§®$m 139 

Q&{T<sb<o$)<svu5l(p Guuuj r£)pGurrLD- <sjdrprrm, 

®j[rrT&<3 : rTLjS)u$}<ovr sesaran sm& .slLul sfnl.14.6b <£s5)l_uljlLl_ 

6ll65)65TU GufT60 6^65T65)piLjLD <3I$\U LDfT LiL-fTgOjmiT ILl^ &t5£6lfil£&j] 

rgl<oZrpir<oh. ^jojm ubmG&rr G>LDm&irm<siiu up$\ &6U65)60 

LD65T ^ 65) LD ^1 65) UJ S_(5WL_/T«c95 ®Sl 60 65) 60 . IS^U 1$. c95 Q (SD «35 L_ /7 

Qu<sm<ommr ^mLpg&jju GurT&Q$l<ob<s$)<sv Qiu65Tgj 6T(Lp^uSl(§s 
<o$)&u51<sb,, ^\6uGfj ^<s$)Lp$&}ju Gut7m<suQ[r<obrrj)j r£lGS)<5sruu§j 

Q U fT (77j £5 &> LD p p Q g mg] LD 65 611 p fT 65T ®Sl 6fy IU Q LD 65T gU &> 

(oT(sm(5ssf\<omfjdr. ^6xj65)6rr <sH6iifr ^juuls^ ^j65)Lp^^juGunss 

<3fo.Lq-lU ^LpL—65T ^6060 67637 £_/£/ §$ LU fT & T§l65)65T3i8>fT65T. 

S^6U65T ^jiUp<SS)Si6l(5b [5p(^655Tm ^65)L—LU6y6k^S^60fT§^LD, 

^jojm $<5$rg] ^GsfT^iflLDnfffldr l£^j <ss)qj$$ $LDL5\&65)&iufT6£iLDy 
" Q u rr uj iq 65) i— Qiurr(§Giim Q&rT<sbGu&r<s$)LD uSl<osrrrd) 

QLDUjGun6g]LDGu)" €J<5STpULq. Gu^^G^^LLjLD, G&!TLD<SW(LpLD 
6LI fTUJ L^LU f-^J$/ ^L-ITLU$&65)LDUJfT 6pl LD ^6U 65)! &(&j ^6lJITS6rT LlB&tf 

<57Si/<siS)^(# <9=^G^S{ifiLD G g> n m p gSI <sb 6$) 60 . Gld6stsit (3<si//p/ 
<57Qjq5)cS5£jd sfT6miDpGurru5lq^uurfG6fffT GlGiKssrrgj fflGnmg&jj 

f§J65)65T^§J QlJQFjrEJ (&jLpUULD65)L-[5&)S jg)<S3)c95<^/U Gu&S£Lp&&pfr)] 
2_LLsfTIT$^J <Sl5kL.L_/7<S37. ^6U65)65TU GufT6oG6U (^LpU U fEJS65)6fTS 
Q& /7(5337(5) <S£ 65T65) p ILj LD <gj $1 IU fT ■$ 6U 6$) fj U G U fT 60 ^IS^^SF, 
& fT LD TT 65) 611 LU ff , " ^g)/ <S1/ (ofr LD65)pfB&jJ G U /7 65Tg] Q cJ/7 U U65TLD fT S 
6116060G61](T ^)(J5«S)/D5//' <SH6Urr ^UUUj-lLfLD' <gl65)Lp$gl'U 
GufT6UfTGfJfT ( ? $6060 GlUffllU LD65fl^[TfT65T <g>J6U ($&(&)& G^ffllUfT^ 
SfTfflUJLD S_6337L_/7? Q U (5337 £g) 6sfl G LD 60 L/ (ffi (Slfe 65)1 L__ <o37 
6l}fT LpG6U655rL-fTLDfT 9 ^ 61! IT $6060 U 1SL. U U fT 6$ ; S 655T 655fl LU LD 
QufT(ff)f5§$LU LD65flgPf; ^ 6LlfJ ^)6U6lS)$LD <gf 65) Lp &> §J U 
GufTU$\(fF,UUfTfJfT Q6U65TUG^ 6T65T&(&jU Qu(§§>$ &f5G$S^65)gg 
$([F>&)p8tf 6T65TpfTIT. 

Qu(JT)$G^6fi\ Qu[fl§JLD^&$!JLD65)L-f5&xl, "GuiTL^fT; /f LDSfT 
Lj£££l&fr6S)! GufillLl LD65f\^65)65TlHLD, U L^gg LD65fl^65)65Tiq LD f$>$fT65T 



140 ' GLDm&rr 

&<SmL-GU&T! QuffltU LDG5fl^QfJ<sbGV[TLD G UJ /7 A S) IU /T« <sh ,* @)<5br<m 

LD<ssfl@iT&Q<sn<sv<oViT ld ^G m rr&§>lujfr&GmiT ? gs)u$S}iiu& &nrjrr 
Gurr; LoppGuirs^^ /£@ Gurr§$&&QJLD, ld p perimu £§)«£P<syib 
Ouffltu LD<otsf)@fra($T!)&(&> r5<svrprnbg G^ffluJLD. $LDQpetoL.uj 

&U&IT(?IUJLD LDfT^^}[JLD 6U Ifi QJ Lfi $ & /7 <rfl ; <£l<Sljfr&(Sh LDpp 
<5Td)(5D/T(5«i©Lb L/<95<© Q&n <S06£}6Ur( fr&®T. £-<Sti&£5<Z5)t5GlU LDfTpp 

QpvjG£}Guirfr&m. £LD(Lp®r>L-iu Qu(smu.n L-Uj-miu %/t«l/ 
utuzZruGjitB&n losij oSJlL® ^n(f)<s61(§<i(^LD (oS1^qs)(Su^(^^(^ 
<oT(sb<svrr ld <gs<s£}ujn(5mLD Q&ihiuG<M<5m®QL£6Wjip)j G^nsb^j 
®drnj&®T; GgiLKoiiGub Gium^j $ld ufTiLu^<sb (^(Lpiij<ssrrujl(§^(^LD 

(ofi)&®S)6ti<5>erT LDGSrfi}l<sb L/(5<Sl£@l/<Sff)/__CZJ ^Gft&GtoUJUJLD o5?/7« 
Q(SU§>®S)(5m<S$)UJUJLD a.OT"L_/7«S fiGOGOGUOS) fj& Q 65 ll L_ 617 /J/7 <95 S) 

<sfi}(§)GijiTif&<srr. r5LD(Lp®s)L-Uj <sijrjrr&g : n-L£lujlg)]6$)i—UJ Guffliu ®j&&<sv 
^(i7j&&)prrGrr; ^GUGfttjGfili— S-iufr^ss Guifliu ld osfl & gv)i ld 

GuD&rroSIuJLD @}rhJ&ITrrLDrTUJU Gu&&)p6U&S)ILD G<SuGp ^GVHSftGO. 

(ip^oSJa; ^6U(rj)®ni—Uj &n filmg>6$)g>uurr /r. ®S1 Lq. iu p a n gv ld 
g>/5dg/L0<sW?c«@ <5J(LDfF>§} u<£G&iu&&<siiij}Gr5!jtiSl<offn!)l ^.LL^nrr^ 
grTprrGsnT.o), &tL&)&&rr /jra^zi, £ rjgj <£# /r /7(75 zi, &urrih&rnTGS)iLD. 

r5G5)&&&IT(T6ir)ILD* L{L-<55)61l&&rnTGB)ILD* l3&<SS)&&& [T [T6V)I LD\ 

(Sii^ismfT^ij^.^muLLL^^LD, i3m<s5)GnmfT rr Gguo^ld, 
&iLiq-UJ&&rrfjG$r Gqj®$ld, ^\jrr®on Gojo^ld, LDp^lifl Gojo^ld 
(Lp&i<o£luj GojGtyrEJ&onGnu Gunsv s^(f^Qj(sirGLD(sb 6p(n)6umrnh smpgs 
&®jnuSiujl<s$r $ifl&<ssr§g]&(§ ®jr&§i <^(Lg§)prrfr&m. Guifiujojfr 
^Qj/r<s5@5«(g /5g)<si5?<si) l/ot)65ulL(J) *gi®$i—n<su$(T<mLb G&uj&lpnrr. 
Gm<s$)®Dujl<sm Gldgv urfl&rrrj&m moj^g &rriSlu$l<sb «^/s^^ &iL&\& 
&rT[rit&ffliTmiT'&&<zfrQijD(Tdj$gi& Q&iTGrr®<svrp<svr. ^igj ^/si/^^oLtL/ 

QJUjlp<oV)p <S>]6$)L-UJg &OJLD L/(fl[5§J ^$1 U 'G U 77 UJ <=£/ U U UJ.G ILi 

£lL-&£lp§j. u^§j LD®ttfia(8j <5T(Lpr5gj (gj®(g@ Q<siKsm^j 
G) «/r iL®§>ipfTm. ^<swQGffrr(§®jm ^jguit $(sv)<svujl<sb 9(5 
<5F®jaa£$(T<sb GguQ)&;lLl^ <sfil®&\.prrm. i3mm<snujrr ($&(&>u 
■Gunril.® 6$) ®j u u g$) &) u Guitgv GojGpn^Gum &$g>m&>6$){£ 
Q$ppSlu$\<sh <syui_&&)prr<5m. syuuLq.Giu ^<sv><5vujl<sb s-iL&rr frpgj e5)« 



GL£>m&n®Lil<skr &<okmuLj-Q$®$m 141 

&L- GLKTlh &I— ^\fJ<om($\ &6U6U@68)@ S1//7/A GUITuSld) <£>J L<L{£3il& 

Gjarnsrr&lprrfr. 6T6ii6U6rrG6un <sjpLj$f£j&68)6rr 2_<sd«^@su 
&l(n}<styui-$$ FF&<siJ!jdr> (MuSltprfion-GLDsb 9(5 ffinfiltu 6lht&6£]ld a@6i]LD 
c® qj &§$(§&& v <&>> GurruSon 6Ujj5)iurra<& Q&it(6Jj&ld Q&rT(6$&LDrr& 

^68)[J /5/TL^)<S^)<55 ®J®nrjU$}<sb &rTLJlSl($)LD Q^fTQ)68)6V ifilGbGVITLDGb 

rman sM > &rrrj@68)$ujLD ^uuulGuj 6xiu5)pf$6b 6$)Qj@&jj& &^68)6liS : 
&rT$tgl®S)L-6orrGLA; /^<sij£r@}/c£@ L]$f£lu5l<a)6S)6oGuj; ^/<siig)/c5@ 

6U&&6Sl6br <2l6U&[nJ) Q$lfilLI ®Sl6b68)6vGlLJ QlU68l^j <S>J6ljrF^lSL&&LIL 

Q&l76b6yj£)piT!JITLD. 6T(Lpi5£6l]L-68r uft\&np&68T 68)& UJ 6V LD iSl 
q5?(5)S)/D/TOT. ^l61](nj6X)L-.UJ Qu6mG(o88ffT &L-<o5)l— &6VUU!T68)& 
(Lpg6SilU6Uip6$)p 6J[5&il£)piT<5rr. gL-&U.Q®J6mflpJ &&G &$<&(§ 

§>($&} p rrfr. ^riiG& ^lLs^l.^ §n&® ldriLulgo GuniL($\ 
LoniLmL-js gn&£\ ^iLislgo Gu/tlL®, rsrrdj&(& > 6S)6og>§i rsrfiiurTUJ 
sMGVGnuSiL®, $ujrrujnr$u§j>lu5l68r (Lpctr rbrnLiSLUJLDrr ul, 
pifl65)iuuufiiLirr&G>) uffl68)lU rBifliurr&GS); p l~($16u $$$)(§$ 
$(8jr5g>uisL QunriuQ&rr&60& 8AL-rrQ$m6gyLb £-jrj]$ajrTGb pir®, 
[b&ijld, c^/7"* Qurr(TF><orr, Lo<sff>OT6>5), dilorr^m (Lp^^iusiipmpuJLD 
®lip$&> <gi[f!&&r58$(j65)68T (LpLLL^rrmniS} <sh<sii6]S)]6$)L-UJ 
r5rri-&&68)$$ &68)Lp£Lprr& ^($8) pir n. &iL&)<5>&rrrj6£]&(§ 

Q®DLuGLbfT ^6llQ^UjGLDfT 9 <& SU (§ 68) L IU <95Ll£) 61QST68)p&(3jLD 
Qg®IULD. Q^l$6£i&(g>6H GufT(§LD &L-@)a&(T fJ6$T *£J 6U ($ 68) L_ UJ 

uempempA Qsir($\$gi6filL-($)$&rT<m Gurr£)piT68r. ^rrujfij<ssfT6VLD 
,#//5/ 6) © /55/, §j68)fjwrrrr u$$rT®iBL-ihj&(^&(§u Gurruj 

S>{6lHT&(6ri)68)L-lLJ fBlL68)U 6lJ6rriT$&xQ&fT6m® @ (§ LD L% sSClSLO)^ 

6u^fT6b &LDn<9=rr[TLJ ug&>)ifl6S)& 6T^rrl6b rflpffipgi. <3j&6hr i3p(^ 
SH®$g> [5rr6$)6fr&(§ ^i-.G6U6miiLiu prrL-&$$dsr @^^tod5 LD68r^6V 
rsL_&£lp§j. ^jprr&fglft U6$r68flij6m(t)\ LD688fl&(&> u©«<ss)«. 
6iS)uLUjp&rr68)60u5)6v 6T(LgrB&§} (Lp&6b prnrptglffl &6m qp®ld 

6U68)[ru5)6b ^J6U068)U.UJ G^^p^LD LD68f^)p(§LD ^iU/T G6U68)6V 
6pl£llLirr& &6U65)6V. ^6U(J$68)L-aJ &LD<3F(T[TLD &LD6VfT6ll&(§ 6T68T68r 

SL.£$Giurt&w? ^W?^Lptu/rOTd5d-4-^, ffl^coffla/il© Qld$6B)$,- 

GLDG6V Q&rT&61J63)6V, LSl68T^fT [J aS)£)/#, 2SB§16U$$ 6UfT£F68)68T, £g)/5<95 



142 Gllgst&it 

uw G&UJ&& Geudretfffr upGlurnmi—dsr urrl&rrrr&m OT@/fl<a> 
iSsj&mmLD. Q<sum<sffl& SlmrmfluSl<5b Q^uqtDfTajLD «k-l*»^ 

&(TULSltLILD, ^fTLDL^GOn^^LD GLDQS)®gtlS\<sb, "oinr! (SUnl" Q<oU&T1QI 

^<^Lpa£)mpm.&rr<sb iSuf-As G®j<ss)60&&rTfr} > <5T<smQ<omdj G$uj&s 

Q®jm<SfT17LLlJ}~, (gj<S$UL//TLLi_ ^)(SirQ<53T/T(5 UfTLLlS^, l_/L_<Sff)61/ 

G^rnuss Gue&r®ssnr$§l, (gLpr5<sG)gQiu®&& (§®®sfl&arTfil > 
urr<sbQ&!T($)&& Q&aS)<sSl$$rrdj, <s5/r<surr<si @jL-L-es>$&$68)<soiurT®) 
Qsfujiu <&(§ utLL-FrmLD; &pg}j<^Lq.ujiT<m®jL-m 

GMDnfrGiDnGdiujLD 6u/t£)<£<56i), (S^s^asr ^i—sy^si), ua5<aS?<si) 
(Lp&Gb&fjLsrrm Guu^mLD; iSip(§ ld <g> &$§$<£ @)(rugjuSl<sb; 

(Lp&<sS)tu <q?rjrT6rTUDfT& $<mru<5mL-ri]&Gti. iSlp(8j &ng<sv<m 

<3SH&<oSl<o!niU& g)|l5)<5<9> <5 tfl g) /5 T QJ <s6) 637 ^OTULD. LO /T <£T> (SD u5) (51) 

G^rr&^euessruf-uSliob &L~p&<$ttfj&(&)iJ UGUGsfl Gurrgsb. ^jfijS}(f^^§j 
<sui5@®jL-.<ssr 7 1/2 LD<owfi&(§ LDrr§jifiiuwrr<m<3Fnruurr(i)), 9 ub<omfla(g l <3 : 

&tum-?&„§>&6ULb. ^1 Gll ioU GflG Gll ^jLDLDnslfflsiT g-.£§$GlUrT<5b(LpLD, 

&_<sj)Lpuq£i). ^<siipprr<sb G^fb^ip^in, Lbosr^p^iD ^r^/ToS)@/Lb 

£^GS)LpULI6mL-(7 9 <SpmgHL£l<5b6$)<oO. <S>I QJ (jSYJ <S3> L_ OJ &(?fJLD &<5V<SVfT y 

&LL6$)L-iijrr ? LD®rflg &i?p-fB@rrGm ^iQj(§ff><oG)L-iu&ii! ^<s$){£U 
uiuG$ru®j££Bn i£><$b G&n wQur£lg>§><smQi£> (^u^Q<3srrm(5n 6i5)®£j5/ 
<SF(ii$gLh, £jg)<ssf?uj GuriGDGSTLL, g><sb<so &rrp(ri] (Lp^<sSluj<S)jpprr<5b 
®r&JB®ng>iLiLD $£\dSlmrjiLiLD £@iL-i%. GgihsshsoGuj. ^l<sb<sDrriS)<5b £_il<s5/r/j 
m<suuu§i &6)jQp<5hfr)d ^i^u Quif)iu6ui7 <jy/7j?/5J5/ Gl&rTGisru.nfjn? 
^i^!U§! /5/TL$<ss)c95afii) fBrrdjGurTGO ^<ss)(so^^} GuiuGurr®) 
2-<55)Lp&§j <^ujG(oU GluprrLbGV urr ©ulL©^ &ld&jj 2_L_£i<sy>L_/a/Lb, 

10 <SOT6ff> <§>{£/ LD QJ(iljg$ QJ(f^LD ^j[5g W<SGfl&GfJ &fT@) <S^L-Uj.p(§LD 

Gqj& q3iLui-!P(§u> Gun&^m&u u($iStprrGjji ^'Gufr &LD<sotT6S)6i] ■ 
eruuui- <aDi&f^@(75<95 Gp/rfi <or<smu<ss)^ f£}<oG)m&&lprr[j[T? <j>/6u<sy><syr 
^juuLq. Q&($\uu§}$n[m ^j(nj<S5)Lb urr fjir lL(§)®j§j 
Gun<o£}(§&£Elp&jj. u^uuj. &Q<oV<&L-.(itjld ^uuuj-g grrGm 

&®m€$)Ll&&fT& GU61TIT&&LJLJ®LD ^tLtSl&Gtil—fT 68)GiJ U GufTGVS) 



Gwm&rroSilm mmmuLf(Pi)®$m 143 

fi(ob<SO GutfllU LL6$fl$m! ^l<o$f)G>LB(Sb Guffluj 

i&asflpGlesK&ripmLmasrrTGb, $nm l%)(§ ^rr^jLnfTprrdj ^[tldlSI^ 
®S]®G<siJ<5iT. ui^^S\p§! u&ojg&ong; @tflL«g)pjs/ (§£_« <$5<syr" 

<5T<okr0IT6rT. 

SMifjfrismij Qaj(sb<5vrr sjd &jjTQ$)&&}pnrGuj! £„<mQ<s$rrrQi <9^l_ 
(S) o /£<£ <sii <ss><sr7 <oT{RiG&GujrT ur$ Q&rr®^§]<sfiliLu.rrvj. <or<mm 
Gojsbrgjj (3<55l1l_/t<si), Lb(§[5&rrLD ubniutDnCb; Q<9Frr<sv<svrnjD<sb 
Qu6®sr6v><o®n c^/<5tr)Lp^j5/<5(o)c95fT(OT(5) GurrmrrGV, <suprfT&<9Frr l£) 
g6$fliurr& &J[5gj ®Sl(Ji)QjrTmrnjD; Q&rra&)m $6$)<sou5l<sb 
Qoj(smQ(smih mGuuu&rr? /§ Q&rr<sb<sii§} <oiuuLq. ^(ty&Sdpjjj 
Q^rfliL/LJbrr? Q&<smmu ulLl_<sw<£££)<si) &<5kmw ®s)gu&& &rjm$>\j 

<sufjrT&&rTub\€$)iuf£ g6$fliurT& ^6$)Lpg>&,}& Q&nr<sm® Gurr& 
G siisw® ld rr swfrri) Qu<sm ^6u<s$L-$$GgoGuj ^(3(5§l ^<*um 
UD<sW(57r>^« Cl&rr^&LD G&rT^&LDrrdj&i &m<svg§]8$ ®<oir<5V)i<sv)L-iu 

^6ts)Lp&§jGurrG}j§j &<souLDn! /£ Q&rr6v®j§j &<svuLDrrf opsir i3<skr 
Q&08))(ri)[5- $rr<50<sfo<si)GijrT s_<sw«<gj<£ <9r (J) <ss /r® Q&>fr\iLjLD. S-dr 
^«(i/d^l. fu/r@/ci(g /f ^juuuj.^fTdT ld(§$§j GutriLL-nii 
Qun<sS\(n)&®ip§}. $jgl (*p<$<sff><9s !3/5/f)(si) i3L^&&rrLD<sb $®n<si)<o$)UJ& 
&p$u i3uj_uu<sn$uGuiT<sSl(n)&&ip§i. 

tomi>6iri£>: - &i3<smiq. $mp<5iim ^ ((])<&(§ ldG u rr§j, Q&$t£§} 
QumuQiu<5iru§j QurT<sou Gu<fr&)pn~Giu GniLiri- wmGoGun'GO 
f^)<3[5& Q u6wtl-.it 1I14. e3iLcs)L^eSiL^u,'QurTCSTgi &$m Qpdr 
fBmpmli^ Q$ifl£)pG@. <^/Qj(g5<ar>i-UJ ^uum simip&§l& 
Q&rr<om® Gun&rr <sS\ C z_ /r <sb ^ojm <oTuuu^ LDrrujuDrr iu 

'^eumetri &rTUL5luS)Gb GurnL® &6G)ij$gj# enuiSliL® 



144 QLD6$T&rr 

^uu^tLD §)uuiq.# Q*dj$rrGV <orm&mm €imm Q*iuiu& 

<sSI($!B£l <o7®»@GiLJfT €T®$§}& arruLSIttilGeo GumLi-m$ pn^ 

^Gu^jm^iu lj&$il]ld LDrrf&u Gu rr uS\($®&\pG$>. g)(S»fl @lL^# 
&<sufi)<sb (y>LlL Q<sumQ®T(Lff&$rT? sipu^}&(§ GurTLpcij <sur5$rr<sb 

^rr&& {Trr&g$rrlii51<5b (g63>L_ tSu^uunmir Co. ^m^uGurr^o 
&GST&(& > &&rrm ^($<ss>LDUjrr& 9(75 ^^©l/Ol/l^ si; /55/ 

urrfruugjjin L^iLQ\Gi}§jGiD G®J6$)<so. 

&&mceirdb: - LD®rr ^pu mesfltofl! S{$§>$ $jpatG&rr<ss)<so 
<oTiiiGanurT€u§i ^atffiuSld) LbrnLu\.®sTrrGQ r5rrrij&6rT QuiLi^gs)UJ^ 

Q&n<mG®jnwnu>. Guilu^^iu^ ^pi^LoGurr^j &^u. 

^juun! ^mm &rr ll^S^iuld! - er<mp(T®rr. 

&G&rr$if}ubnrfr ^j(§qj(§ld 9G/7 iSlL^ojrrgLDndj GldotcS/t 

S\(f)\§jLD rELDurr<sSlLq.£V)]LD, ^oj^gm—IU QuiLi4.<o$)UJ& SdpfigJ, 
^i^p(^m &pG$&r£l6urr$§j)&(§i?liu (gj/zfl <5j&>rruS\@iLD fj£j (!$&(£) p&rr 
Q<oiidiu®n&LJ urrfr&& ^GiKsk ubonS^ld) <sp(nj®S}^ ^gs)® £L.@<5<9>ji/. 
<gj<SLi<5br £_l_G><ss7 } "<gjU}-G&rrLDmLDi ^^uQuiLis^er>iu {^riiGa 
67®@^&Q&fT6m($\ «surr, <gj<st)&& $p$§! umTuGunLD. <sy&$<sb 



GLD<sm&rF<o&l<ofa &mmuL](rij<o*$<om 145 

2L_<sk 6vu5lp(S$)jp$ §>)pn5&ij urrnr. GuLLu^uSlsb l6)(§££} ^(nj&GilpGgrT 
^l<sb<o$)<soGujrT. 

Cg®rfLD<snrib; - jj§) p <si/ G & rr <sb g n <ssr <gj gu (gyj ®n l_ uj &rr<o£l& 
^iLGi—iT® &6urrifl Gurru$l(!j)&&)pGg; Q u iLiq.<5$) iu ^uld gtuuu^jb 

(Lpu^ajfT^j. 

aijTrT&:- $p<^Q&n6Q<&GonGfi\LLL-.rr<sb L^iLmL-. £-.6$)L^g>§} 

®S\($)Q($ijrTLD; QulLl%.q$)uj <5T®£^&Q&rr<5m(£)®jrr . 

&nwm<mmmnt- (fSiULDrr&) G&&G&! ^ljuuj.^ G&iuiunG&i. 
r5<ob<5V 2_«j/r/5^ QulLuj.; <sfi<smrruj& Q&iL®uGurT(&}WLJurr! 

2_<Sff7"<£@L/ Quil.L%. (oTOSTGSY Q<SFLU^§j? G LD (SOTcE /T ^J5p(3j®T 

(Q6®rB&tfQ&rr<$mL^($&Qprr<ofriT Q<siimrr)j urrft&&uGurT&\prTmrr < ? 
Qu6m®a(5h (^Lp^sm^smuju G'urr<sou UGO<ofilt£LDnm oSlGSHsrr 
mrTL-®& &rr LDir<sir&<sin6mLiLD ^(mi—iuiTU[j6mr£j&Gn<ofriLiLD iSlpjB^ 
<oSiLi$-d!)\ ($$&}} ^m&GiurT® Q&fT<smir$§i Loonp^^j 6$)6u$fi$(ir ) u 
unrfr&Grr. ^ong, [bitld urTfr&&&&n.L-n&>uun! £_657<S5@cg; OgitivuiTgj; 
(S(5i/(5WL_/T/i; <syuui4.<9 : G&iuujnrGg. 

L3<sfrr65m®), <316&&> <suQ5)g8iQ{£m ^g)<ss)£ ®J65)gi$Gg<oir <oT<sirfr}j ut£l 

G<su<smi_rr ld. /f Q&dj6Li§] Grmi&mGufilGb Gu$&d G&(n}LD. 
^rTGGflsvGvrrg ^fKso^^Ksb ^fj<smQ\ Q ld n lL<s^)l_ (Lpewe^L^^ib 
&_L_<sir LSlp^^nosfJL^LD ^]<sv6vrT3bmgiLiLD Qurr(ob<sviT^<s$)£iqLD 
Q&nrGb<sSI, QulLuj-.6V)iu 2_6ff) /_<£#<£ Q&rr®sf6$rrf fr&Q<oiT®STir)j 
LD<sm6sxmT 6urrfil&>. &}jj p /p/ <sv rr <srr . Garr ldgttld! i$ GulLu^g^lu^ 
Q^fTL-frG^~ GTGmpnrm. 

^Gg &ITGV$§il(5V <S>JLJLJpr5 G$ (§ LD lS) & G&IT LD6rT£6S)4£U 

(SuD.air.I— 11 



146 QtDm&rr 

efiliLL-n-Gr. ^\m&&> ^Ipuu^p^ G^<s5)<suiunrm g?® 2_<s$, 

Gw<sm&rr <9$<s$r«@ ll(5[b$ il.i~.fr dr (ordruang ^$<su&fp(gj 
K 3]rg]8^<svLDfT&; <sj^/T(£5)@/Lb @$&<srr^i§>)<sb G^dru^GiDn Q<5y<sbTQi 
urrnr&& ^gi/<s& Q«^<sotfl_ Qjrjrr&&ni£l> ^.offliurrd) ^&<sm L^C-oni-. 
a_G5>L_gg/u QuLLL^iBdi ?ipiq-QS)iu$ $p[5&rrdr. $(&6$)&u$\<oS\(njr5§} 
euppGurrgi eurniiGSliu ^fTipLDL^^m wcmw (§dQrjm@j SlerrLbiSl 

<ST/5/@ii ^€6flmUDlUfTlU ®$@)UJg]. <&p$U OuL-LJ. LbI&GIJLD ^<£OT7}/ 

$<sm®ih ^(/j/lgg/; £§)<ss)L_a5?<si Gurras^uuiLi- 9(5 «gszlif 

07/7(50, ^i^Gk £_L_L//7)Lb ^j[J<Sm® U fT <£ /5/ <95 <OT /T (1/ <$ &>®3>&U 

^onL-iurr urj€m!&}&%>f¥ > L£) Q<Esrr^j 6&<oU&&uuLLi—<S)jrrnri] ^GVfij 
<%rrrjwrrib& &fT<mruuil.L-m. <m$dr Ggrr pp^<o6\(^^§! <3j<sij<sh 
rBfT&ff&LDrrmGutsh <5T<mu§jLD, w&rr q£$&rr<sSlQuj<5brLJ§]LD /5<sot@ 

QufT(§<srr <orm£$r Gsumu^i G&rr<sirprr<si!rrfr)j <g]@<oZrGLDd) 9(5 
§)n$liu ul®^ ^/«sssf? w<s&ip$§}&Q&rrd5rLq-Q$$&§i. ^Lpu^mojs; 

&uu®ld Qun(i])Qn6frLJ urriT&&z%{ > GLi6b Qsmm(^^G(oV Lb®sfl$rrl<sir 

^)tti/fl<S3>c55. ,=§/,<£ SD /7" Cl) , GLI[J[T&<3 : rT l£), 6£(5 U(8)^l<5miU £LpLq.& 

Q «s /r $557/4. (5/555 uC®s)L- <sSl<5Q&&lmrT<5m. <stj§})<sb <5jG$g5)jld 
GiSlG&^LD ®)(5[58>&nr ? ^ u u isj.Q iu rr <5kg)j ld «s rTGmu u l_<si5? <si) 65) <su . 
ulL®& &uSlpprr<sh ^jLp&rra& &lLl-.uulLl- ^(75 Lforvg&a&il.® 
9(5 l/P^@^ ^)(S!B&§J' ^6wQ®ffnr(rij qpS}G$<sb 20,25 <3jLp&rr<o$r 

gSIoDGV SL£a/775<5 UL(J) ^rj6fi]a6$)&&m g£(5 &l!.L-.rT UJ& c55lLl9_ 
<m6U&&UUlLuL(n)f5{j&Qn. ^ 61/ (SYJ <S5> L_ CL/ ^j [J <s£l & GS) & 6$) LU $ 

Qg!TL-.6yLD <Q(n}<M(o&&LUITm^(5^(§l-'®nLJ& QcS/T(SWL- SUfJU^^ITLbl 
c^//5<9>« «lLu/_<51> <o7£57(S57 q <SW g & [£] & tik ^ 0c9S&)(S57/£) 657" 

GJGiimumgiLjLD, ^^<sS\(5^^l ,=£/ qj @5 <s?r> £_ tu ll gst u G u u <s @ 

<oTGlIQJfTp}(§3iSl(5bp^j 6T<5&njGn$iqLD S>Jf$UJ ^<5U(5bQsifT<olkr(^) ^^<oir 

<3>lL<s5)l_ <gioS\ip${5n<sGr. ^SilGO &LDurjrTUDrriu<omLD, ^(r^isundj 



GiMm&rfOLilm <ssmGrruq(§Q^m 147 

GtAfTLfil, 5577 iq LD fT GSTGU /T U 17 L^W s Uff[J^LD 9 UrT&Gli&LD, 

ut£rritj£t5($)6m ff}n>$rrLD<ssBfl 3 &i?rj ^gjoj &n€fO§$rjLD f rnGug^uj 
<9PfT<srvS$rTLb, ld^^^jguld, unr&&rT<sh)§i){j(LpLD, &r&>fTg>nu <sS\m&&w 

(Lp^<oSllU L/OT^c9Sfci«(^Lb, <$(§ r&(T<ol]<sb Lj6fV&a(LpLD ^)($&&§J- 

rBLD&tf Lifjn&osru LiLp&& GiiLp&&r5j&GfiiG6i)Guj uuSlppuutL,L- 
Gi£)G5r&rT r5rT®j§}]LD <oV)®jg£5l(§F5g[TG<orrrr Ggvgwgwild &i$G&&ld 

£) (00(75« (g &-j§)<55<95<SU/rZJD. ^GSTIT <afo 9 {&ff)&n<S0£f£L<5Q /5£D«(g 6p(Lg&&LD 
UuSltpfipJLD [5IT<SlJ<SVrT@}l?llUrr&6lfr!T<5b GT(Lp£UU®Lh r$&fjpp F5ITG1JGV&&T 
GJG^^lLjLD ^GUGiT <^0(oli^^)(75<S<55 q5)<SU<S3")(5U. ^LD^j &UJULI<oOmLDUjrr<sb 

Qu([$&& u€mi$.&fr&mrr<sb <5T(L£>@ljlji1.® GjrjnmiDirm 
&rrpgjj&&6$&((^L^<5vr iSlG&LpiurptB G^nmguiD fBirsuGV&^sifUd) 
<oT6$)^ul]ld <gy®j6h <5$)®j&>&<oS]G0®n(S0+ G^rrGirprr '<£ ^<^<mriuiTu5)(n}r5gj 
£_<5<o1/lo &L-^<sfi}<m^(nj®T6ijnri&&fT uj ^GnLDf$&tf<ffl<srr&LD<svrru)urrm 
&iflg§$[jGLD <gi$<5Q&rT<sm.uuiLL-§}. ®jijnr&<3 : nr l£) <& gu qj u fpj 

^pj GU (jSHj G$) L_ LU LjSWg&lhJ&GftfflU U /f) L- S5> <9F Q # IL? <95 ££) 6U 

^GU^GS)L-UJ ^([$<SU(n}ULl ^$&ITl&&6^ <3j6l]®n <s*JGug1t uSgj 

GTGlJGfil^lLfTGW (gj /T) g) (Lp U) ^-^I^p(gf ^jl—L£l(5b(5VfT LD6V GufTilSJppj. 
LjGYV&i&rhJ&GlDGH (Lp 6$T G U fT GV & &L-UL Q Gti 6$ uSl <SV G8) 61J S$ J£ !T G&T « 

QulLulu5)<sv /_/«snj^«««Ll(S) (Lp&®Sl<sv £g)@0£><S£)(g ^isluSIgo 
Qu(n)g,g> ^i7)Li^LDfT<m^^u QuiLul Q uj u w/ry &nr6ttruuiLL-&jj. 
^£5®sr Gqj<sv)<sv^ ^ipofiLD, <s>jLp(&jLD ^/si/@/<s^>L_ft/ &<sm®r>Gmu 
un51&&<5vr. ^^uQulLislgjs)Iu Qldo)<su Ggug^uSIgd <or®0grrm~ 

<S>i§} L^lLL-UUiL\SL(^^IT^JLD ^^OT !§) /p SI/ (S 65 /T (SU ^<$<S37 
£J<5«/E/<95<o^q5)0/5^ QJQS)GfTUjQLDIT(Sir^l6b 3>lLu.U U lLiq.(Tf)${B§I - 

<S>J&jJ&fTfr)jLD LDpp QpGl](!]jLD GlJndjGu&IT LDGV ^(njS&GV /#637/p/ 

««lyssfl^ajcw/r. ^\uGuu§} Qu(i])r$G$<s3, "^(pL-_;^9/65><95 Qiu<sb<sorrLD 
S$p&&rrG$; <sy^mrT(sb g$gwt LDGwrGrv^rruLD GUfEgil oSlG&GmLjLD; 
UGm&>&rt um g$lL($)uQ UGm; g$g$)gv Q-iufrrB£5 &rr LDrrG$r&m 

^(75<££)<o3T(D6tf\ GJ^fTGligii Gu(T(^LD (&)&$) p ILjLB; <3\fe>&> GU LD L/ 

fBLD&G&m? Gu&rrLDGV <sti6U{£§i<sfilQ)i! <oTGkfQj Q<sFnr(5b(sSl q5)lL@ 
<9FfTLDrT®r>GiiiuG?s)rju urrrr^nGrr. ^Gvir.£)r$§] l/sskotsid^ Qarr<5m(§) 



248 G|jD6^Tc95/I 

Gtonm^i &n<smuuiLL-§}. ^fouuL-Lb &vf>&>u Limressfiiu 

q (5 G^@j^L„iuG#>rr, ^/fca; LLGtflpm (Lfidr Q%&u>$$& &dim 
L£OT>g? u<smGmlm<si]G<5Sin Glojmgti &<smGL-.rrft $m<mS>(§Lnui^ 
GuiLi^iun^iu u<&<sv®sr iDL_<£j§)<a> ^is$u ul-Ld Garrarn &60LDrrdj 
pgjLDGofr&arrrgtJLD §J <sn u $>$ rr §21 ld ^wr£j&fi&&ULJLL® 
G8mmj@}uj§}. Gohgv GGLSiLu^mrrGb m$&&uuiLL- &\$\u u(&& 
QL£$^$u%dr Gld&ild ^ipSltu ^Imr® #><^<oViu®s)Gm 
®miIgS®s)L-$^ild ^uul-ld &rT<omuuLLL„gj. ^pp^u y^g?, 

gflUilS, 8>LJLD, <S5)r5G<SU&$IULD, <2{G0l£j&nnjLD, U^(SS)GSr (tp^<oS\UJQS)GU 

Qu($$$ £-$&<su$<ss)$u Gurrev '$l-$$u lil^(5|5?^ Gzuosrug} 
$mpniu <s3mr£i&tiiJ§j. Glo^t^/t <st/5£ &Gurri£l<ss)UJ ^<SL/<su/rp 
aneu$gl ®jl£!ulL® oj^rrsh <5T<sbrum$ ^$uj ^<si]<5bQ&nr<smL- 
ojijrrsi&rTiI} GldGgoii51(^^ Lj&iiur£i&G8>6rT a5)<so«£) <gfuuL-$<ss)$ 

&mu6®$&,&<smL„nm. GpGrj G)/5/7iij.izS)si) ^/<si/@/^)l_uj £_l_ijdl/ 
(J,rfl§^§j; LBu$ln&\<sQn$>3>§i; ^muu>rtdj rglmjprBgrrm. &<sm&<sfild) 
&Gisr<ss&n$ §]<ofi!&<oh 4/,/5/^zi ^/5/5<5zi) i3rrCbLbn £/5^Qld<%>/ 
/jnr LljjjLiLfLDO'ijj.ciOds/rcror® (o) <si/ £$ u ul!l_ot. "«^«/r/ <o76qtot 

®j<sum <5j&rru5)£$)!Lb Q^ujGu^^ldr ul-^<ss)& <s$)<$u&>§} <su<swrni/c£fr md) 

9(5 L£>®sfl?iGS)l<S&L-UJ ®d L%.GU t5®S) @> ®T>6Llg§JU Lj^gl U U /T 6H Tf / (oTOSTfTU 

rgl<58)<mj£&rnsxr. "^§)^@ ^j(5u<sfil(f^^^GufT^j €rdr®S)®si Gp^GV 
^®u®$)85ld Q$djGULDrr&$ grrGsm ld§$&§j ujrrojrhonrDUjLD Q&djgi 

Q&tugtf ®J{5& snrfliuLD (5u/tqS](T5^S}/d^/. ^^rr! ^joj^mu 



GLLGtf&nGfilm <^mmuLj(j^Q^m 149 

GurTOSip LD<SS)OT<Sl5? /5/7<o3T <ST<g &> €5)6$T Q®0<oZtLDID <oT(J)<53$/ 676S7 
^iLjLL&rTGOLD (Lp(Lg&jJLD &OJLD LjffljpglTgHLb S)<SS)L_U£J/t(5(5)T/T/ 6TOT 

urr&&)iu($LD uir&Gilujibr <5TGflQ p<d$r<sml ^mq ldiullit^ £§)<syt£) 
^luff^rrm. Lopp^urr (Lp&tii&Gnmu urrfr&g>rr®si. ^glut&^ld 
*gj68)4£&&6m® 6^(75 ®S)& ^6ff&&u>GB)L—ii)£BGuiT&<5trnr&£5 G&ir6VTf$6vrrr. 

Gurru5\(§u unGmrrf gtljuul LL<s8)rp[5!£l(n)uurrG<srrrT!" (oTGkfry 
rgl®$)m^§i <5j[hj&i®sm<5m. "<3]&iJ rgl®oGLn(T? ^&&nm Q<3=fr<sb<sa§i 
[£I®qGldit? <g]6V60&iJ ^ij(5mQ)LD 2-<mr6mf)Gujrr? <orm<ssxssr ^(sxim 

(SiicFLD/ricS ^®j<sn &>m§j iDL^miDiujT^jiD urnLisL (Lp$<oS)Giurri?l<skr 
^ifuGurrgGinG&riurrsgjLh <5T6$r&(&j <5j<^ w^^iLisl^^go <5^.l_/t^/? 
^&&ir<srrQ&(T<svQj&ii Qldiuujit&G®j ^(yjdkscu/rzi). ^/<si/<5yr<ST<s^r«(g 
LLtgp^LLuj-OTjrB&rTGpjLD <3j&n@ rBn<m @ppLDrr& Q^fT<srroj^j <95<swi/. 

£g)(75<35<5L_(5)zi /5/7<S3)<S)7"<S(g <& ®J fr (oTUUULUJIS) <51J (7J Gti /7 IT . 

Guituj, c2/ <si/ (syj <£ @ fB<sb<sv «^ /7$) g^ lL if , ^ojm ^g)/E/G>« 

^(njJBgn'GpJLD ^l®J<S$)6fT& Q&SV<S)JL£)rr&<SllLD ^77<E<oX/U) GtoGU&SlGjp 

GlosTGkrrgjLD, ^ mG u ft (§) ld ^Gr>&GturT(§)LD $L-&&GpQmmfr)}L£> 

toJGm^U (LpUj-GlJ Q&UJ§1 Q&rT6m® &$£U Q U ClSLODUJ^ &m&>&(JT)&l<sb 

<s>5)l_ $<s6)<s$r${£n<58r. ^//5^ 2-g>g>iRuS\m l8§j <oTgij<sSI^ ®ouj(lpld 
Q&rr<srr<si]g6$riT6b {Bm&^Li Qu(rjj&>g> unrojLD &LDUGSi&(8jLD Grsbrirjj 

^IGUGk UbQST§j 8hx.n5l ILIgl . <^/<Sl/6YT g>m<55)QSTLJ Upifil (^637gf)/tb <S7<S37W 

Li&d<smi)&®s)<on& Q&uj&tf QS)(su^^q^&S\osTipnGmfT <ormu®s)&& &n<sm 
@(75<siiOT)d5 ^iojit Ggirmifil ^GiiGtnon Gu®s)$g>t£§j. ^rr<skr G&rr g<smm 
Q&iug u(§$£lu51<sw ld p Q p n (/5 l//d<£@<s$(/5/|<9> rj®%a6V)&&6ifTl<oZr 
&iL®ni—Qiu®{s§} ^i<sS\tp^rf<sk. <QGuQ<syrr<5Mir}jLD, ^urr 10, 15 
QungjLDiTG$r(Lp<5h<orr 20,25 ^JLpSliu £g)/7<si5)c95<sff>c5c95OT (&&&&m) 
&<sm£5)6mu ur$l&&,®n. Gpmmp Qoj(^^§ju LSlfil^rrGbr. 2l.l-Q<sisi 

^<SU(^QS)L-UJ <5TLfi<sb<S)JLftli5$ <oS) « <95 (gfj LD , (LpgJ&LD, LDfTlTLfLDy 



150 GiLm&rr 

cgySlicSST ££J§)<SS>#J I£)IU«S)(oOT. "g>GlUIT! 67OT £g) Gtsfi 63) L& QJLq.<oS)QJ 

<5iuGurr§j GfBfflGV &fT6muGurr&)Gp<sir? €im^j $\QDGm^§i 
GjrajSlGffnm. <3l$^& &&& Qp iLsn iss) iu ^uuu^Giu 6wti?!<& 

&<Sm&€?l)G{SV <jgp$&Q&K€m($ (Lpg^L$L- $ 65)65T j£ &> H ®ST . 
&tfttJLjQuLLui.&<sh U<SV &rT<5mUUL-L-.<o$T. (oMlLI— ®J U}- 611 W ULU g 

G^fim^luj ^(75 GuiLisj-smu <sr®^^/^ S^prBgrrsm. G^Gurjihim^Lb 

" Q U U IU G IU FT QlLJ6$)jL&l6$)L-.ilJ[T (oiTtt OSf ^fij<SSSk G&6V6U& 

&L&niLLq.muj& &rrG<omfrQLL Quj<5mp] 6j<k&w G&rrsm® <gjfg}<ab 

^©^^(5/5^^/. ^€S)!JLD<mG^fT(^ <g{G5)$& SGlP 65)Gli£5g>rTm. 

m /r <a/ p f$ §21 ti> Q u tfl tu $ n tu & 6s/7<sotzjzjlLl_ ^G&GlsvrirtTF} 
QuiLiq.®$)iu& ^Ifp/sgrrm. GojmonGrr, Sldsuy, u<£<stf><SF (t^^a5]iij 
{BlfDfii&tofiid) GS)®s)i£&mm& Qd5/T6wi_ LDfT^jsrrLD ULp&mgu 
L5)mf3£<siirTf]f)j GjrjrTmmrrm ^utjGmfcj&Grr ^>/<§)d) G^frdr/75) 

£H_/7*q5)l_ GL-fflggGST. ^GHjT)GSip ^<oU(ob ^^J^fT^jLD UK flt&>g><ollQ6m 

ium^j; ^i<sum <gy gu p <s$) p §£(/5 r&rTGtrlGgjijb <s>]<5mflr5@®r>&& 

«(OTTi_./TQsfld)<53>(a). 8>LB§} LJ gb <SD @S1 U$ <otf G U /T (7J ll (5J) <£] <5U 6U FT (£} 

&T€iJQjmG®jrr Qurr(§iLQ& : <svs^ Q#tuj^<syr<syr <sy <su (syj <S5> l_ uj 
GupGparf^ojGtr^ <sim Lp&GS)&><s$>vu& Q<35(5)<5Sd5 f&s^<ssnjurrGp'fT? 
G&t rgjuuut- r£lttewuu^^L-.g>$<s8rLD GTswypy <n6m<o®$<smrr6$r. 
^TijrTmtDfTm Gsumsfil onLD&fflLSlyp&ignjLb, &rrrB&ij 65)®j&>&> Q<sij<siT<s$& 
^smGmdj&^LD, &>$&>& ^UL/ds^ii, (Lp&LD L//r/tds@fi 
«(SW(oMrn-u^«@5ii gp^ncsu (^©c55(§ds<o$Q<sw6i)<DO/7£i) fil<o^)p^gj 

^&&&6mG5tdlGS)(n}J5g GLDGw&rroSlsiT &rr&<ofT6ii <$i4.uj g$)ld <56x/tp 

«flfiragjZl), Qr5p$U%6$®nL-US}dd($p§J <SHLp(&>Qupp <9SM)§firfl{5 
@<SD<55(£pib } &(fI)<5®SrL- «(/J/Il/ &». /5 55 Q$) 637 GpisfillLjLC) ^ U U U^G UJ 



QiDm&n<sfi\m <«OT<OTL/L|0<s^ar 151 

QulLul r£)<S5)puju u6i]<sw&(grfjLD, ^unrdj&^LD ^([f)!5@6$r- 
^/^^/L_or <sp(§ u(&j§$u5\m G&rrt£65)m<5is)Uj r$pr)j$£§i<sfi\ii.($\ ^/®<g<5 
u(&j$5l<smu ^prr tb&£l Q&tij&rrm. ^^I<sh <s^djQQjrrmruLh 200, 250 
^urriLi Qu^ji£>fT(sm (Lpmsrr 7,8 Gurij&tgnjir uiL®u L/L_<sff)6i/<s5rir 
<g(Lprij&rr& ^/(5)«S) s$)<M&®uuLLuL(n)$&m. siuQul-ulvS\<sS\(§^ 
<^djQojiT(§ Qurr(nfj(gri)LD ^jgu(^<o^L-.iu ^GuQGurr(T^ <gyrij&g<o$)& 

f§}GSX5ULJLL!l.UL <31<olJGS)mLJ Quif!§JLD QJ(§^^I &$\U\J8> <95 L_ <S$ <Sl) 
^Lp^SdlUg]. L]L-GS)<oll&<of[)m &(£ Q<SUffl6$u5)6$irT6gJLD, 

gr£j&£fr££iQflTr® l 2jLD Gi&ujiuuulLl- ^Lp&rrm u<so<sfi\€m6ffujrTiL(])i& 
&nwrrm&m &n<mruuil-.L-.<3ST* ujrrGLipsnpiLfrEj msmL- <si/j/t<95<5f/7l6) 
G>LDGsr&rr<ar>®j /#<af><OT^/ Qr5®Qp& Q&r$r5&i] asm<oS$rr <sS\(£\${£rr<ttr. 

<$imL-$$ (5/5^/ LD /5/b(5<5OTILb, r5<5bQ<oVfT (Lp&&LD, <S>jLp(8) (Lp$6®UJ 

uj it gii p <s& p ilj ld Q u p $1 (/5 /5^/ ld &filiurFm Lfqij<si$6V)6$T LDmsr$&tf 

^IGU6$)}L-Gk ^jshuLD <gj (])1 U ®S1 & & & Q <95 IT (J) g&jj <Stf) QJ <9> <55 FT LD p 

GurTmrrGuj! 5_to5r Giurr&£)iu<o$)g&(§LD GLDtmsinLD&tgjLD ^(/5 

&\$1§ILD @&rT& J%&LD®sflsplLD <=£/<$ LD (SffTTT 65T <5im<o5)6m LD6SBT[5&jJ 

G$ldlS}@ $®S1&(§lduul ^yssrGjb 2L-<zisr&$l ^}8jj<su6G)rju5}6b Gunssr^j 
Guu&lL($)ld, ^)srf? £_ sfoon 65T $rT<zk <sn<55rQurr($\ /7jl_<£@ 
^jmLj^j^§]G<sum (oTfskgu 2-<m&(&j £_$/££) a^.i^\Gmdi! ^i.Guajrfjpj 
[5L-.&& oSlGVGmGVLun ? /f sjm ^)uuul$ ^istQ[f<sir^j Q&rT(5h6i)rrLD<sb 
(5uVrf£io5)LlL_(5^OTT? /g/rsw SL.<sb-QD<^riLjLD G&GQ$$ptg) ^onipggju 
Gurr& <53<sb<5V)6D Giudrp G&rruLbrr? ^LL$^an[jmuj&-Q&iT65)<sc& 
(3jpp&>$p&rr& §xg® £5<5muLa&$ &i^L-iT G^mpnrGmi <s>l@g<sm&iu 
ib&rr &rrLDiTg$5}uj &rr<sS)uj[T<ssr s^mos^m rsirm LD<o5)mujrTLLuLiuiT& 

^GS)U.^^^jUppS} ^LjGufT^j <5T6$r Gg&LD ST U U ULU LLlfl^^^l 

Q^rf)iLiLbnr!^uGunr§j $rr<sm G&rrsmL- Q uranus, rBrrsbr l5?.67<si)., 
u[?L-<s$)&u5l<sb Ggifil oSl lLG L^.<m sr<okg}j GanLi—Gun^j &&.L-. 
6T<m&&)<sb<s$)<svGuj! ^jerfl [Birsk ^iLi^fro^LD, ^lsl^^u^jld, 

65)QJ$IT6plLD ^95L/£JOT QlI £-65) l—G UJ /#65X5371!/ £J^)<Sl)<Sff)<SD QiUm^j 

s-/p/<§) &i.iT5!mrrGiu! ^uGun§i G&rTdrsvrg] GumiuujfT? <g>i<s$r$l 



152 (?LD(5sr<s5/r 

®)uGurr§j G&ii&§} Gurnuiurr?" «nasi®} u<soojfT^l $<ss><zsr$$i 
$os)m&§i vi&iSlesrojesrrrtij ^Gii^GVL-tn Qun($iL&®s)m 
Qiu<sb<soaw $($ldu®ljld (ipm Gurr<svG<su <s3)<sii««<5 
Q$rTL-f5i£l<s8m<ssr. ^®j^i®DL-iugiiU!J&<s5)$a ««l topp ^poj^ld 
^n(LpC& ^Gummu GurreoGeu Qp&<5<z&$ UHTjpnOlA Q&n<smL-mfr 

lurrajjpanptLjLb Gu£-tq-®(§®r ®S)€U{5& <5urjiT&&rTLSl &m§i 

&<st)@ ^uj-iugj. u Gumr LSlp^^rr^jLD fg)uuut-iu<&<soGun- 
L$p&&G<sv<sm®LD! £L.<so&$an$ujrri§$LD ui&n(jrr®£>rT&&^iJ) ermgj 

Qu<5mtmrrj§\ <oi<sm&(§ ) oi/sg/ Gurriu&gjiD, £g)<su<s$L_ii) && ldgs)L-Uj& 
Q&rr®&§]<ss)®j&&rr$ ld&it un<oSliu<sb<svG<5ijrr pirdr. «g, «/r 
G&GU6VLD <ordr6gu<sm-iu l/l^@/t)(§ ^jd/surnGij Gu^GmDiurTt 
Qu($mwuu®j5gil®LD. y<ss>g? Q<zf!ljujlL($)ld. <£i&rb(§ Gm^m^ 
Quj<sbrGsr? §$€m®&m &<sm6Viu®n<5m<9i Gmm&si? sii^! 
Gues)$uSl§2iLb-Gues)$GuJ! ^j$p&rT&, &<5miq.uu$rr <gj<sk$ 
&iLLq.iuanmr$gj (Lp&$dSl®<sij$rT! $ £§)®/5<S Gurr§i fsrrm £jj)/5j5 
G®JLq.<&®n&6muu urrira&rTLbGb GuirGcrnGm! unn$$£i(!$jJ5{5rT<sQ, - 
^«/r/ ^di€s>m ^jongu Gurr<sv iL.iL&rr P6&gu$§iu y,®ngg 
Q#iu§$(n)uGuG<oGr! uiuuui-rrG&; $}&& <st^ ^imL&rreo 

QLD<5b<S0fTLD €T<Sm &j(§^lU aLD60&i$G<S0GtU £_6376ff)<S3r 6$)<Sti§i§}U 

Lj^<^S)G(pm. .£g)j5/ (Lp&&rrG£jLD &$G>iujld" <o7<sirgu <95OTg/ s_6Jrcnr<5 
§$6drlm(r)i GiDrrifl^ <sii<sm<smLb, &>£&&$ ul-.8>6S)&>& SGip <s6)GU£5§i 

(LpgtsSliuGLiipmip <sp®jQ®jfT<obrrDrruj €T®&g) GSliuuGun® ^urr dj&&) 
Q&£j&rr<sfo. iSltp(§ tunsup^lp^iD ^Lq.uSl<s61(f$^^ G&iT(&j&rT<s$r 
QLDgS<z?D£frmujLj urrrir&& ^j ? 6$)& Q&rr<mr(§) <SH<5$)t5 Gldgvgou 
GuiLi^smuj gSIl-($i G®j<sfiluS}<sb €T<£>££/' ^^<sk ^/y>c5><5 Gp® 



GLD<o$r&rr®S)<sfa ^mmuno^^^si 153 

GrsprLD unrif@8jju ur?GM& : LD<55)L-.$& > iSlm, ^<str>^ 
S)<sirQ<sOT"/7(5 QufT(f^Qrr &rr®sisruuLLL-g]! GuDgsm^smuj mi4.u5)<5b 

LDipp QpGU(fIj65)L-„UJ G g & f£j & (<ofJ) LD <5pQ$ &> fT <oV <g $£l 61) <5g(j]j<sS)@ 

K *y&&^§$mfT6b /5(J)/s/S)<sw. 6T6mpnrg}jLD, fpmGmpuiLD <s>i r$ ujfr @ 
<su<s$)fjuGurT6V (Lp&{5§$60 <oTt5j£®r>&uj ld fT /p/ u n @ ld ^)mr$ 

(LpmGufTGO ^j(§[3^<mfT. S]§I GT$*5G5)&UJ QufT(f^<^T? tgjgj (5^(§ 

ULLQ)^^j<msfliurr<5b ^lLo^l <ss)QjA^uulLisj.(^^^§j. ^SH^p^^r 

^l(§f5g§J OTOTCaT <5T6VrU<SG)$ ^i(f)\UJ ^<SlJ<Sl)Q<£tf <SWL_ <SUfJfT&& : fT iB 

&14-&& &rr&}$$$$<sb ^$&> <sii<syv§j ^lLl-.uuiLl^q^^^>§i; 
d5/r£)^^(55)65(L/Lb iSlfil&>g>fr$fa. m rr <a/ (5 ld ^6$)LDQ&rr lLl^itld^ 
<S>jm$Guj urrit$§l(nj!5$<s8riT; <£/<5(D@cfr ^©«^/^/«(gjii, 9® 

Lj<o5)&UUL-(LpLD ^j) (5 £5 <£ <^ • Quffi§]LD §$ 65) & U G$) U IL] LD 

<s3lUU6ti)UlLILD ^l<SB>L-[ij&> 6U fjrT &<3FfT Ubi Ul—g><S$)$U U fT ff^^fTm. 
cSSLf^/E/^S^Gl) «£W<S3)/D <oT®{5§] IU IT ([$<&(&) lUfTfJfTGV <5T(Lg{5UUlLL-§l 

<oT®$ru6$)$u umr^^ndr. £-L-Gm cgJ/<5i;@/«@ 9(5 Qu(§$g 
&$Gg>&LD ^(smL-fr uSlprry . gir <skr G&rr^Ginm G&tijg&iJ C?ji)(offr«/T<a5?dr 
QuiLiq-UjfT <siimn$) i3p(jT)65)i—Uj$fT CTorgf)/ ijd &rjr>G&>&LD 

G&fTGMffyuJgJ. *£<o5I§l c9><SWc95<Sff)<SY7 fBLDUfTUD6b §$ (flj LD U <Slf LD £M65Tf$ 
&U^$fil&<S5)<ofTU-lLD UU.$<o$)&lL]LD LDfT f^LDfTP^U UfT fT^fTm. <3>jgp(§<sh 

Gu^^G^gSI, " (srrdTGSTL-fTf ^i§l? LD^pSiSlpirGiu? (ordron 
GpmL($i&<2(T (5S)Qj^^i(§^S)pfrm GufT<sS\(f¥ > 3>&ip§}? ufriluj. 

Q&fT®$$(f¥)ULJfT6rt. 6T/E/<^(g5«@cJ G^fTGOGVUU L-fTG^fT ? <5TmgjJ 
VDGSTjB&fTfhl&GOfT&U G U @) 65T fT 6fT . ^ <S1/ (gj 63) L_ (U O^fTcSU, 

u&<s&&uLi<sm<s55¥l(sb LBm&rruj @Sl(Lp6&$ <g>fUL]^<5in<Si)u Gurrco 

£§)©/5<95J5/. ^i<5U^)J(S5)L~lU (Lp&(LpLD, Gg&(LpLD UL-UL-g§]g 

Qg>fTm$m. &<sm&m6tfL%.§}isi-&§i G^fT^GULJULpLnniu^ &\Gu$g><m. 
&isi-$fij&<sfil6b (spmmpu U14.&& (Lpiumfry ^fj<smQL„fT(§ ojffl^mm 
QjfTdj<^(§<mQfTn^G(Su u^^/rsir. "<5ku<8mwm$\m*i> 9 «sreSrsifl® 



154 Gld<s$t&it 

ttdhutfnfluiib, mm wmm&m ®mT%mmm®&*w<8mt„ GMemwoMmMirwm 

-" <of<shugj <su<snijruSl& uuL$&rr<sh. ^/£/£>@ Gld<sv ^(oumrrA 
uul£&&&».i-g£)&<ss><so. opmm &$&$>§!. <3i$<^ u>iutAi£)iugi.. 

OT*ttS><5$)(/5/5<§& &rT®piiHB1&U> UL-.Q£LD SG/p «J5)(tfi5^€w. ^©S)«& 

^ojGfrnfJLDfTdj^ &(§iLul anw&&uutLuL(n)$$ Qld$<oS)$uS)<sv 

^<su®UL~m G&Ll®&Q®nr<sm® Gu^^G^oSiiULDUDfrsh QulLul 

lU<Sm<SZ)L-U$<sb QfB(^fEjQ<^TfT<SfT. <3l&p(3)®T G & U ID <ofT LD <§>G[J 

u nih &&<o$l <sb urrdjf5gj u^m^njLO ^UL^djsmmiLfLD ®n&u$ 
£)6i>®<5® uL-$®ng>u urrfr$$rrerr. &nL£>rr®$xsmufr supir 3>&fYiBuS\®$i 

U&&$$& 2_fLc95/T/T/5Ji/ <§>m<5V> piLjLD ^^UJfT^OJ^fJU GlJIT<5V$ 
@<S?Dc9$<£<5/T/h UL-$€5)&>U UH njf>8> G & !T U) GtT LD , "(S^LD^/T 

LD&rrr?rTG®rr®Sl<m uL.LD(sb<oi)<sufT j§)^// ^(5&u ul^ld sssfUA 
@}{fluurruj& ®jfl&£lrpG$!fj£l$ip<3 ^tij®j<5rr<oxj ®Dn&&l!j®s)$ 
Qttjdi®$i? ^jfjsffiiuLDfTiIj <s$)®JuuQ$dr<S!ST? &&&rT{ ^j^u 
l/l_<56zd<^£J urrfjiq.r <oT<mn)j 8^r$u Q u(§^G^q51u51 L-g>@)l<sb&rr lLl_, 
^siisfr, "cgyig- s-su^s^cs^ Q^(tq^^G^! Gun; ^i§}g>rr®$t miD^ir 
LD&rrprrGDfToSlGZr UL-Gubrr? <g{<sp$ r5rr<S5i rBmprr&u u rrrr$$ (5<£ 
SlGtpGm! ^§} ^guojotgi] ^tp<%(TLLiLDld)(S5)(si). ^)/j6OT©« (^(ipmm 

*gj$!P(g)Gfr &rruDrr<s5>Qjuj[t 9 " <5itBjG<3> <5T<5h<^L-8}§d<sb Qarr®rij&(5rr; 
ufTfr&&<5orTLQ" (ofdrwjj G&iL® <3i<ss)§> Gurri£j£)u u /t /7^5/, " l/l_ijd 
ct<5hqj(5F(51/ ^iLp&rnLi ^©«Sl/D^/ uirfrjBgrrtLUT Qu(^^G^^Sl? 

QP&GU&&[T(LpLb, <3S<oS)<Smq LD <old)G<SOfT<o^(JlLfLD UDUJ&(3j&)<obrip<S$rG<oXJ! 

Gimm <s*i<5vrai&rTijLD! €im®n ^sinL^&ml ^j<su<sir Gldq5)(/5<£@£jq 

SL.Q)ULj LDrTg^tJLD UNGKIT uSltfLD & U FT lil Q U fQJ LD 

GumsS)(n)&§ilrpG45! [568)&Quj<sb<sviTLo 6$)<oii$ld GufT6Dl(i])& SlroG^ 
tsrG&TjprriT. 



QiLmf&in<oSlm «<sJr<OTuq0Qfdr 155 

te&rri£6iTiJb:- &(Lp^$<sb <95 rr & ld rr <ar> <so £§)©<£ ® ?) S <£/ 
^<5mLSf(srr<5B<5iT &rr&LDrr®sxso GuiTLL®&Q&i7m<sii^<omG>L-fT ? 

giuc&rbe^ail:- rjrrggrr&a^LD, Q $ tu qj (Lp ld 6i$$> 

^arj6®sri5<oV)@iLiLD <stf6mflujGvrrLD. 

awiDnr:- G&&G&! &rr&?LDrr65)6VUjnr <g>j&jj? {j£)<sb66)<so £jg)<ri)<ssxsu. 
j$rii& QLDi—6b&6$)6rr LDiTG8)<soujrT&u GurrLLiSL.(r^^Qpnrr. $)oufr 
iLurGpnr ub&rrfjrrjsDrronGiJU GurrGSl^&Slprrfr. GjG^rr 9(5 
gSI^iujb^igo ld&it ri)q<5wrr Gurr<s6)(n}&&)tp§ l j. QLLL-6b&m 
Q u /p n5l(n)&£} p irfr. ^$£i(t1)&&lL®ld. <s £#.<£<£ <ss><95l/ uul- 6T6$rprriT. 

2-L-Ggst &Lq-£5r£j&6ifrl6b Gpmmp Qiu®t£g G&rrLDfflLD ^ssiuSlp 
<%<5mi—QjfTgu ULCLggrrm:- 

" Q USmLDGffifltyLD <3T<SS7<otfft(77) &<SmLD<5mfilLj LD (57637 

LD6$T6V)&5aQ&nr6rT65)6tT Q&n<5mL~. ^fSWLOtfffiflcL/LOtfSffT 6168T <&l(ff)6S)LD& 
<3SU^60l G LD <o57"<95 fT <Si/ «@ LDGSlG LDfT &6ST LD 17 UJ fT 6m LSf. U L$ 6YTOT) SIT 
<oT(Lg)§JLD &ISL&LD - 

6iuc[^j56^afil:- (5?I<S8)&$§]) GrmmL-rr J§)a>// £)<swr/p/ Qgi]lLu.lj 
lj^ld ljpuulLl— &<5V)&iuiru5l(fi!)&£)pGg! - <5T6brprr<sh. 

&rr ld pt m <smu rr <^//5<95 tSySd&iutf Q & uj 8$ <s$) lu g ^nriia^ 

LD 17 [L l— 17 LD p (§ Lp LD L% U G U K 6WT £56$T&jJ £ 65) 6V 65) IU g £>/— 6l5!& 
Q&rr®{5§l QlD61T65TLD &rT$£&{£IT H. 

" <5T<sir «95/T^/f) &6msmrr lLul.1 6T65T ^ (/5 ss> ud u 

Qu0LDmLlSL! 6765T ^f ? 65)<9 : & @LDmLuL! U&68)& LDL_ 

lduSIGgv! U6u<srr6un uju 68)urhj&l<ofrlGiu! 6T<sk 

Wmfi$6g]<5fT6rT <oS}6tylUj565)tB £-65T&(&) 67 U U ISL.& 

Q${7lQSl$&uGuiT§i)Gp6br. rBrrmi&Gtr $<g>&iT §£($&(§ 

'' GU&& £§)/5£> ffnl®L0/7<£ «/TCOLO, ^rT lS\(^6U(^LD fp(§ 
fBU61T^6lJprTLD6b &$$&§!& S^LCL <gl§}U6lSl§E>g» Guffl6STU 

&&ld GTuGurr&tfLD /g/4.^@(5ci@Lb 6T6mp<sb<sv6urr 



156 GiD(o$r&rT 

$<ss><s8r$G$<s&r; uiroSliurrSJiu eresri(S $ €J<z® (Lp@®S)<& 
&rriL&) &$§} aren LDmm^iLjLD ^i6\mrjiLiLD G&rrarmm 
Q^u<oms^fTiLj? ^!&& smifjG<soGiu g^mGWLD 
prr&HSopgi ldh^ld g) ©/55/ (5ni-&LD ^l^u *%><g 
Q&drmm&(&ju GurrGGurrQLD<sirgjtj r&rrdi 
mm&<Q])Gm-iu &,ldQu(sS&> ^ensotsufili—LD G&rrGbaSl 

(3) /5^1 £@H7l<5V 2_<S85TL-IT66r {5®$ l—&6&{f>Q UJ d) SU /T £JD 

< gl<s$)L-.£»9>rr<sS\iLL-rT<sb u®g>&n&<5>m (Lp&<oS\uj<5$)®j 
<s£ln)&uuL-Q\u GunrGlubmigjLD, ^®n&iurT<sb 2_L_(2<o3r 
Q&<m®nm&(gju Gurr& GGu<sm®QLLmg}]LD i ^ourr 

LS)<svm<svQuj(5&TfrijLD, jprrGST LDfT^dLD ^psm® ^ipm^j 

Q&ir<sb<s$Iu urfn&G&Gkr. <o7m<smmuGun(SV cmggrr 
Gojo^ld Gurr(£)6ij§$<ob ^djisum^ &rr llit^^)ujld 

a_<S)7QT<Sl//T G<SVPr)J <5T<5)J(Jf)LD ^jGOmGO. ^^GorrGb, rBrrdrr 
6U[TfT^SllLu.fT<sb 9 ^GU/T g>L£§} & LD Q U ®sfl 68) IU & 

&<oZ)W&>&tf<5)S}L-.(i)) mwGvrrojpmpiLi ld cS^lLzj/.* 
GurrGuG^ (Lpu^QGu^srSifpnn. ^<su(§®$)L-iu /£)<ss><su 

GnLMLjLD Uifl$(TUlJblT& £|) (/5« S p§J . fi5/T<S37 S_OT7S^c5W 

<sS\lL($\lj i3rr\$§i GurrojG&rr uifl&iru&GSlGniLP 

uffi&fTUlDiT& ^(3&^tp§l! ^§)/5<35 <oTll(5)LO/Tc9$ 

<sy($nj&aLD Gunrtp Q^rr(^ff}m (^goitoSI 67<rfr<S3> <o$r 

<oT^6$)<o$rGlLin Qfi€S)ip ^<sbrU&n&P$G2H5Q ^LLLq.UJ <o7G8T 
&KlA&&<5rT(&fj@)lULD[T<m &-.m<SV)6$T Cl5)ll(5)LJ LSlfllU 



Gwm&[T6ffl®$T &mmuLiQif)Gi%®$i 157 

67®tf&(&j LD65TLD SU^GlOIT ? (£/)/£ ^) CL/ [5 !T tifil ? 6lj 

rBrri£}(§ou(i^LD <sFf5f5l$&tfu Gu@)iuGurr&tf i $ Q&rrm6si 

Q&6M65)mifi\6gimm £_<st5t Lj(§G^<m (siSiLi^p^ ^apiuiJ 
o_osr grB®s){£ (Lp^eSlGiunff (Lpiumfgj Q<mrr<smu^ 

(ll)ULJ&ifT&6L(LD, £_. 63765) (oST zg>{<o$)Lpg5§]& Q&IT&r6fT 5_<rfj 

&(5m®j<sm ^<mrrii&<^<sb<ffiwQuj6&fr)jLD, ^«suot 
<5JuQurr§ji£) £L-6m<5$)6$r ^<s&y)&&tf&Qarrffl<sfrrTLDG<5V 
fS) (5 /5 J5/ ®S) l_ <3<sudtfr@ GLDGvrrgj u^r^Gurr^u 
Qu(n}LDrr<s8)6rru- i3prr n &§$&§! oj^oj^rr lljld 
Q&rr<&rmrrGuj;' '$ 9(5 ^fE&dpLD Q&ib, $Guj £_<sir 
<g5<sOT<siigp/«(gj cjysUfsST L£®K£il ^}) <syr@ tb u /4. spq§ 

6SLI}.^QLL(Lg)^} <3]GU®H &_6S763)<Stfr <=£] 68) Lp^§J & 

Q&iTffl(§rf)LD r$<s$)6Du51(sb <s5)<siiuuG&rr(£i, <=g>/<su|g)/<£@ 

G^&GsiG&muSltsb 2_<s£t Lj(iij<si$<ok gSiLisj-P® <siv/53i/6i5)(jL 
fBfTGir ^£5(p(&}(srr Q&<skr®$)S5Tu$l<sb ' it-<9tGi] rgist rr goi ld 

6UJTL_ 63)c95c£(g ^LOff^^l <S5)(51/^^/qSl1® ^_SWc^(g ^<SY7 

(ldgvldu^^ G&iuSd ^^juLjSlGpm, /f ^uGurr&jj 

^(nj6ll(fF)LD ^jfJ^liLjLD WmLDSjSS)! CdG U 17 <SV& &s>.U^& 

&&l£b§^(ji)&&<son ld. stot &<5mQ&(TGrr6rr(T <5tl£}(Sv 
Gijuj.Gsu! srsir sl.uSIit fil(SS)<5oGuj! "^uuis^Giu ^&tLQ\ 

Q LD gQTg>/ LO 3,<S&rgfl/<Sg)L-ttJ LD K)] Q LD PT l£1 6$) LU U 

QuipipfT<oD(5mi^) r$fT65T Ljr[)uui— LoruLGi—m. $jgJ 
&£$£liuijb+ $ gsrrLD^LBmijfil Q<3F6$r<o5)6$ra(&} oj/Jjj/oSl- 
CSsi/swr(5)zi). [5rr®n(SiiTUj$£)<s5rLD ^iiiG& uL^t-.fri3G<s^^ 
GlLDmuGing $ <s>\ $ ®J n uj • rBn<sk @ <ssfl ®n ld u5l gv 

<SU/TL_62)<35c95(g (53) SU 'g$£l(l])&(§ LD ®!jL-U}-<SV [BITSW, {5!TL-&LD 



158 GLom&rf 

<oT^iturrfr@G$([$u($LJ<sk. /g gSiLisl^^u Gurr(§(Lp<obr 

Gun^j tuiTGiJtpmjpiLjLD (S/5/fl<si> Gu@)a G&rrGrrGojiTLo. 

<oT6&Tg}j tSpGllGoJfTlT <oT(Lp^^JLD c95<orfQ !J<SmQ] Q &> <of?l Qd IT <& OJJJI7& 
&!Tl£}u5}<S$T <35/7£§)(Si> epsSl&t&jLDLJUl. G&nrLDGtTLD UUL^&jJ (Lpuf.^irm. 
UJ /7 QJ LD Qu&<ER- Qp&&l!)fp §)g>$$[JU Ug}65)Lb&61S)(ofrU GunrGvg 

Qg>n®n(i$l(5$rfr. G&rriDGfrLD ®Sl<o$)pr®jiT& ^)<55rG)<sw/r(/5 &ul@@6$)$ilild 

<oT®§z§} ^uluSIgv Qj(f7)LDrTrpj uuL^rten. 

u <o70T ld n m g> u5l G <sv / LDf_<si/<s37<sff7"(3LD/ rsircir 
2_m<si$)i®s)L-Uj ®8iLui-ip(9) <3i^iui3iu G>6u<sv)6va 
&rrifiu5}m £LO<oVld!t& a_s37g/ <sfil(S)$ujiij&<s?r><sn \$j r$ pG^Gir. 
^m&s)i®s)L-Uj 3=nfLDrf^^}iu(LfiLD, ^jssfliu (&j<mr(LpLD 
(?<si//p/ ttMcjn&G&miLD (5i/(5(3 ld/t? /f um<si$mi&(§<9i 

&ISL&LD <5T(LQ§il ^l<olJ<S$)m <5JLD[J pr&UJ^jLD, £g)/s/@ 

&$Q^&wgs)L-.iuit ojm&uSlsb /5L-/5J5/ <S>j(5ll6b- LOGOMU 
UDlU&SlUJ&tflh G&GYTgS) U U iLG L.OT. ^<S<57/r5)/7<Sl/ £_<S37 

&>6m<5U6k G&6Vg££lri)(8jLJ Gurr£)prr<sbr <S7OTL/<oy><£<f& 

G«rfr<Sl5)£J Ull.GL-.<5fo. ^)mf$[J(5ll <°T6m&(§ ^LOUfTGJT 
glfl&OtfLD S)<Sff)L_<95c55L/ G U (T GU 6$) &> & (gjjfil&gjj /5 /T 6ffT 
<gy (SIT) L- ILj LD <^L [5$ &&&?>& (5TLJUUL £_(Stf7c£@' /g /T <S3T 

G^fflsSluGudr? ^m®r>ip&(& ) Fjn^^ifflGiu prrGh 
5L€ftrc5)<s3T <sy®nLp&§]& Gmrr&rSlGpeir. ^)<zZrGprr(§) 
rBLDgjj «6)5) r$r£jau GuuSlp^j. rjrr@§$[?l ^osru^j 
LD<mfl&(&) fBrr^jLD <oim & <ss) LPLuparr /jgr)/ £jd 6^(5 
ojit L-®n&u GulLul <su€mnjLu5](sb <su (75 (3 <a/ /7 li. 



GLDm&n<s$m &mmun(r^(s^m 159 

lditlLiji-G&lL® <gj<su<S5)m s^® &ir&&[rfr 
G&<sii&6$)<ovrLj($uiTG0<9= Q&iug] s_ <s5r@/ <SS) i_ il/ 
<s8L-isi-n)(8)<3fT ^GVtfULj&lGroGvr. ®jrT&<oSl<5b QulLisj- 
eu6issTUf.uS}<A &-<m $&uu6srrTGin[nj Gun<so{5 

&6G)6VUUIT65)& (Lp^(o6luJQjpg}JL-.<ok $rT<^($&§>\Qp<skr. 

2-<sk gauumnfr <&xU£J)(J) Sipir Qrj<skrri[)} <sr?w 
Q®j®s)<so&&rT{j<sm £_ «siaran ot ^G&LpuuiTm. /f 2-.L-.Qqst 

Gu&gSIlL® 2-.L-Qm <si]<smu}-u5}<sb <qjr$u Guruh 
®Sl@G<simr ld. <3fwiuld &fi}uuLLL-rr(ob i &-<ok 

QuL-U}-mUJlLILL <5T(5)^g/ 61/ tf , & (f! U U L.. IT LL p 

GuiT6$TrT6b GulLuj- G g 6$) 6ij u$l <sv 65) <sd . Gojsmu^uj 
^GftL-iurr u\j<5miii&<s5)<ofru q^liu<mQj mutu 
®uir&]&}aQ&rT<sfrG6yrrLD. ^<sueu<stT<sij &iris>fr&, ^iiuld 

$\mpG<si!pr[)} ojtriurrosrrrGb, [BrriD £g)<sfffl <oT637£8>/Dc£@zi 
$r£i&rr$ r£l£§iltuiT rs[5g <5£<35£i <3]<sv)L-. iugoitld. 
^iUfhJ^frG^ &<5mL&<o$$?! 

&G6)L-&)UJ[T&U uiLl-K LBG<^&{5g><skin)} /5/Tii 

&&&>)&& c2//5<95 ^jpfoSlm r§£]S)6SrG6l] <5T&T®S)Gi$r 

<sp<suQ6urT(nj Qr5rri4.iL]LD <$ULHTLD6b <su (!$$§} S)p§j; 2^<m 

&l®rT<S5)<ofT QlLfTif\^<m GTOST Q&®S)&6lfil<sb ^m®SI(LpLD 

<sp(sSlg>§} r£\p&\Gsrpm. 2-6gt§j Qr5pnSlu51s6l(§^^ 

&®V8ifl!f} S^GV&tLpLD, §16®L-.lB<og}6[T<Sn ^LpSlUJ Ln&&(LpLD 

<orm LDmS^GV ^uuisi-Giu uG$$§j r$mrr)j <sr<zbr 
£-u5)<smrj& (& ) iq.&&\mp<m. 6T<sh<s$r Qa : ujGQj<sk f > 
^ntoG^mu upifil <5rm®s)®sr GTifl&Slpg]. 2L.m6$)m 

Qupp(T60<okii$) /5/7 (oJr u®^ u®&<ss)aiuiTiij GSitLgrB&j 
<sS\Q\G<S)jdr <or<smu§j $<9 : & : ujld. £L. m®s)i 6$)L~uj /5nr«£jg) 



160 QlD€6T^fT 

<5Tm6viimL-iu 'Gaj6S)<so&&fTfil ^<ssr@/L_OT c5/(§)«LD/r iol/ 
(?L/<y (Lpuj-iu6iSI<sb<s&<so GTrir/p/ G&mGSluuiLGi—m. 

^QS)6SlUrf<5b, UJfTQJn)(S^piL]LD &Uj-£$(£l<SV 

€T(ld^Iuj^iljlSJ u5l(nj&&}Gpm. &<smG<sm! &GuprrGg, 

£-.6X1 *£j UL6S) LD 

£g)/s/ @> lo &>tT<omLq-& @^^§j, "<s>]Gl~ /5/iL_c55««/Tir fBrrGiu! 
uuLpiTibu Gunon G^ojuj-iurrdT ia&Ggst! £_£sr<£(g <si//5<5 
(3«(o)L_<siraT£_fr/ QLDrrLL<ss>L_ (^<sm68)L-.&arrrGLDt r&rrrii&m 2_<oSr 
(Lfiifimaju iSl($im§lGasrrr ion t £g)/5<£<& Q&rr<^uQu®&^<M(^&(§ 
Qjrf>^ Q&Qi„m®ff! e jfyGumi6is\L-.\u ^^]LDfruQumGnj ^juuuliljld 
/5l_«@Gl£)/t/ ^iL-rrL-fT! &jpn&&niB! alot <g<s*><si> <si5?<g) ^uuuLiLm 
(LpLq.r5&>§}! r5<sb6V&rr6D^S$p&ir&€ijrT ^g)/5£5 ^ldu^ld rELD&(&j su/55/ 

L%UL&^&Q&rr<mr($ <^isL<ofi}iLL-.rTm , ^j^^u Guifliu w<o$flg>dr 
Qu<sm <st(J)l/lL(5) g?i$. (offl iLi—ndr (oTsbrfrtf Q&rr<sb<o0& 
Q&LLiq-(§$G&di. ^§j $Ln&&rr qu^§] G^fjGGumrQ\iD9 u/tq5? 
GttuSlpplsb /gsycu Qu<sm^(^LD LSldKo^miLjw qj^§j i3p$G^nLD. 
f^rr P5J&mrruSl®r)jLD 9\g}jQjiu^i<sb ®Sl&<o$)6)j&fflrTG®srrr ld. ^\§i 
6immG<sim ^<sm6Q<s£l$£l; ^fftf ^GuubrrmLbrr&fT&jj. ^)j53> <^/6ULD/7<o$ni 
<$jGLp(Lg &®riW(y3<5V)fD&(8jLD ^lii&rrGg; Gi}fjrT<9b&rr uSl! §> 

'GU(n>3>&UUL-ITG4£! <57([F>Qn LD&&IT <mf! G OfD fT LD £5 jj£) p (g <^j ? &IT&iJ. 

oS)£l(5)^Q^5/r<ozr>(5u &(Lg®$)^®s)Uj* stottp/ LD^nr ^^@/j^S^n@ 



GLD<sw&fToS}<ok &mmuLi(i])®p<m 161 

Q &iu $(£)&£) rpfrtsrr! ^/Gl_ tuuurr! <orosr<m &rr&<sn)LD!! <5rm<m 

GgU^LDJU 9(5 (§G5)ipilJLDf^llU!T^ LD«/T U@<Sl%<Sy><95<oS>fIJLJ GuiTGO 

Gu<sb<sv<ounr f5L-.r5gi Q&rr<5mL-.nm! Gupir&&iTt£l ^<suGmfTQ\^osflujn^ 
®j © /5 & n <si? ®SI<5i$l£)'iLGl- $)Gi]<ss)<sisr& Qarr<5h[$ (§uufT<srr. 

^uGuiTUUiLl—GlJGfr (tp«^^)<Sl) (LpLfi&grTGgJ LD Qu(f^LD UITGIJLD 
QJfB§} G&(fl)LD. c95£JL_(5l£) ^nfrltUrTg (gjLp[B6to$GniUU Gu[r<S$l0&(&jLD 

r5LD(LpmL-UJ <surw&<9 : m£l®(&j £§)/5<£ G)«/r@ $<sSI,gjG[riT'&) 9 &rr&<srSl, 
£LL($)®jrT®s$?liu(T &[^ .G&pQtojmr®Lb! ^iGi^&niBnl GTuGurratfLD 

/g/ ^]uGurr§j <stotl_/t <surr®niu@ $fp6lirTL&<5b ^(Jl ^(j^u^Gm 
&>fflm®s)®sruGur[GO (tpLfl<k&}prrtb? - <sT6kprr<sh. 

&rTL£>IT68)<51JluiT $ [T LD U GLj LD <^#<SW#@/7$)«<Sff>®ra <£fFL_L2_OTfr/t. 
^mGDpiLfLD G&fTGVGD LD (T iLi— fT g6U<SV>!JU GuiT<5V<% &6$)m&>§J LD > 
<oT&@)®$)6Q <s5)(Lgfil£)lLlLD, G1J (T tSl <S$I (Hj [5$ q®S)&u5}®$)<oV <F/7LD/7OT65(SS>OT 
(Sp^LJpLD ggg/«£) <SUl£! Q&tU§] Q<35YTSW(5)£JD ffljJJg/ ^(^ID/T/rJ), "^ff^ 

Q(SU6fHuufriT(SS)(suuSl.<sSl(f$^ Q&nmQmGmLDLDrr! Glumr® <%mnS}uj 
$[£i&<sh ^ij&@\iUL£)fTdj& G&djiLjtij&nr ftlmm&6S)<sn rBrrdr 
uiriT&gi£Q&iT<sfofL-rT ^(§&&)Gpm. srasrag} ld/t^^/jld £g)js/ 
&mGxirnh&> GgK,<smrgj&lp35<sfcifi} ^mm(LpiD ^)§j £_<o&r<ss>U3 
Giudrfgj <stot LD<sm§} r5LDu<o£!<sbm<sv. zjjLutf «Ocsd^locszdl-mj <5£5@ 
r§)mL£>rr u51q])&& G<sij<5m(£) Qldot/tij $rnhi&m Q&rr6fc<m®s)@> ld^j^^j 
<5jG$Gg>rr grrgiLnnrprTiu ^mrrglofifr&Gorr! ^uGunrgj urrir^ 
G&fr&<srrrr? <oTUULq. (LpLq.$g§]? Grmpnn. 

6iij(!5,rfee<s<sil :- ^sush ^juui^ Gurr&niD<ob ifUJUj- 
. «Qcy«/-C5L-.OT GurTu51(nj&& s^t-rr^rr GGum^j ^juGuugj 
G&rrsirirLi&lpgj. ^uuu^iUfrmfKsb ^ajmm ^ndr ^m®sr(ipL£> 
r5LD(Lp<sm—iu Qufr(§Q<srrdrQ} Q&rrw<$&Q&ir<&<m<Mrr£)GgiLD 
^t^Opsm®. G®j<sm®LjDiTmrT<sb &<5miq-g>Q&!T g,6miq.g»Gg,rr 
^ojGtnm ^GVLp&gj® Q&rr<sk<ofr<svrrLD. ^uGurrgi (Lp&§y&Q& 

GlDIT&LD <S)J/5J*/ ' <Sl5)tll_(pdS/ 

(SuLSir.I-12 



152 (5idot^^ 

(?Lirrd>£)si) Q$i?!gSI&x G®J<5m(S)LD. ^jojrr^m &.L-G<m &$$ 
prrL-&a&frp6S><ssru lS)ul$$j& ffianpu u®&§iGurrn&Gn. pirin 

Qu<f5jfe6<SG§ls~ ^uuuLiurrGsmd) $ £_l_G<oW Gurrdj ^//5^« 
&rrrflLU@®n&u uitit. QiD®sr&fT<5$)®u ^GVLp&gj ®j(§QJ®n& LurrprKoijgi 
urrtT&&uGurr&}iprTfr&m; <sv<mrLq.uSt6b 9© S^anp aihiSL wes>tp£§i 

&rfLDrrm®jujfr ^©©(^©/5^ ®jrm&& : iTL£l®nuj ^drGurr® 
$L-GSI&Q&rr(j>i$gi 9 u ^uurr ®jijrr&&rT iBf ®Sl&<muuL-rrG$! 
(ormonGsurr Gqj<sv>giitljlS)&(§ ^ljuisl [Bi-^gl siS)lLl_^/; <si5)jg) 
ujnr<oV)[r®S)ilL-g]^LJLjrT! 9(5 ^rniiiuLO /5L_#@ (LpOT, c^/^/ r5LD&(5& 
Q$filujiTL£><sb, f5frih^i§J f5L-<5unrLD<&&®&&®S]L-<sviTLD. ^uGurrgj 

Q^Lq.iun gBiLl^h ^jld ^jy Gld^jld Q&>t-n wgv fBfTLD egy<s?r><5 /5<so<s*) 
gul£I&(S)$ §$(r$uu Goj(smQ)LD. &gjqshsq€S)uj q5)l_®q5](5). /g/rcir 
Gu/rcsSfSYi) syuGi_s^@/«@L/ Guniu GT(Lp$ ot)<ju^^/ Gldsu 

6$®S)G/D<s£r" GT&irpnn. 

^)/j£oW(5) &iq.@iiii&®nffliqLD uul@^§j (Lp@<zb ^§&<sm<sQ<sb 

<S>{ LD QP SU (T Gu£f)uJ§JLD ^<5W/p/^p@(Syr^(/5/5J5/ Qu&-£S®S)<oOU 
G>U{T<5Qf5 r GglTGbrffilUJgl. <5T ®ff K) (T 6£j LD ^ LD Q/) <S1/ (/£ £JD Gu&\lU 
G) <?/!/£) «6$ £37 m(§^§jLD &ITLDrr<o8)Gl]Ujfr G&lLltS (LpUj-OSim &([f)g>§lLD 
^QJ<o3T LD<?ST@<5U <Sp(njGUITfr)] JLJL_L_<S1S7. GunrSUGYU wG>L_<S^@/<£gjL/ 

Gurr&GojGmL-rr Q ld m mi ld 2_/p/ii§) G^nmp, ®jrjrT&>&fTLS\ 
&rTLQrTe8\<siJUjfil<sir6S)&6toUjLj lSul^§j ^(Lp&gl ®n&®n& Q&\b&>rr6®. 

cg>/<S5)<9> ^<S5BT/7/5<5 Qu(l^^Q^<sSl i U ^LDL-fT ^fTLDfTf GufT<sS@}<5V 
G&rTGVGV GGUfSmL^fTLD. ^gj ^GULDU OSTLDfnUU GufT(§LD. /f <S£(5 



GL£>m&rr®Ljl<sm <&mmuLi(§<5^<ok 163 

&rr(fliuLD Q&dj; $Giu Gr^iflcsb Gurnh ^jp^u ulugv <st/5<£ /5/tl-«« 
&LDQu<o$fl<5S)iu<9 : G&fr$$6um <ST6bnj<o5)&& &<5m(i)\i3iq-{5§A Oudgvgv 
jg/gi7g)/6g>L,tL/ ^(5£JLS)L_^<s5)d5^/]5'/5j5/S)«/T<syr. <slj<5ij<ogFIl-ld Guuiu 
GurT<5£<sh)&rTp<o$)<5m -^«s^Lp^js/ <surs§} @)<o$)pu5l6V6$)L-.LJU$!TiLj 
iB(jL-Lq- <s>{6iJ6$)6rr L£>rr^§$rjLD ^)rj&@)iuubrTiu ^6$)Lp&g] <si//5ji/<si5?@- 

<5p(f^QJ(§<i(^LD Q^ffllUrfLDipGurr(QLD. ^JLDLDfT^llfl <^U^uG U U 637 

Qu<5m&®s)<STr <oT^GS)6$iQiurr Gunr<s>i<5$)Lpg&jj<siji5gi ur5$u5)<sb <&$){!)]& 
Q&rr<srr6rr oSltsbmsvujrr? Qjfjrr&&rrL£)u5)L-LD <sp<obrrr)j ld G&LLairGg. 
^jojm <giuuui.${5n®n g ($) u u n m ; /g G u mu <&} <su ®s) <sn 

^rTLorreDOiiuiT:- Gufrm§} <si//5^^/ Q & ffl iu it lo <sb 

^6Xj®nmaQarr<5m($ gu(§gu§} stok Q u n fry u q ; ^<oS)^uupi^l $ 
c95qjot)60l/ljl-/tG><5. /5/r<sir G u /r S) G ip m, $iij&m iurnrlL-$>G&6£]LD 
®S)<Stffiu^(55)J5& Q&rr6v<svrrGgiLjrij&m. G&rriAGrrLD! g-gJTgft/gznL-iu 
<qlL(5$)l~- ojrrrij ^/riS^dj - <ST<ssr/p/ Q&rT<sb<s£)& Gj&riGm® 
<oT(Lgp@nir. ®drjrr&&rfL£\ ^uGurr^jLo &rrLDrTGB)Ginu<s5)[r Q$li—!Tm<sb 

GarruLD $<mfliuil.®LD. <=?>/<£/D@ Gldco £g)a/gp/63> l-.il/ 
Giun&®s)<5mi£}GH Gldgv Q&ujuj GQj<5m(£)<siJ®n@& Q&£jQ<siirrLD. $ 

£_L_(3<S3r £g)<Sl/g)/<Stf)L__(L/ GiuifllU <SU&&<sS)l—LbGurTdj, ££) GlJ €§)] & (gj 

2-L-LDLi &rriiurr& £g)<si?<s3)<si;. ^Gfi&iurrGV, ^dr<s$)rp&>(&j ^j<sum 

<5J6$rrprTGfT. 

g-.L-G<5$i &rru)(T<ss)6uujfr <oi(Lgr&§i Q<su<sBuS\p Gurnu r5<sb<5V 
Qp&&nruj q5?L-@^G)«/tsw® ^ld^^l^lu si?® G&frjp&rriT. 



^ &- 2l'~ ^ 

A 'T* --tV "»"«. 



i9£eEMF6liu(Bi>J&S>i Giu©ii>rrai; 

il®rw^^OTpsi mm mm ^« 

u^^u^ld <syS>}®> ld«/t uiuiii&rn&nm «OT^eii« «eror® 
&$$&>€& l4§uj G&G^ajfij^^LD <£<ssr«@ ^ dj<su<srr<sif G&rrpu 

^^jUOJfhl^^LD l£l&& 2L.tJLDrTdj 6T(Lg$§l <S>]<Sll<&r G<B&$QS)$lLILO 

«ar^/pu ti)/9/5<5 &>nQiumu GuiflgjLD &<5rfl$§} ^rjriiSltu 
uymG&rr® GLom^fT^euA snrmr ^suzb Q&rr<5m® 94. 

$$$6fil$$($[5$w6!j)i&<& r$i®Jm Q&{T<5b<svrrLD<sb &$6m$Qiurr($i 
GurrtijGSIiLL-rrm €imjp Q&li$ G«lLl_^/ ^rj<smL-iTGU§i 

^i^UJ/TSffrgt/. L%gj ^J/OJOT ^CW«(g LD(5/5@I-LL_fir6?7 OT<S&Tff)J^li> 

$rp$3>GurT§j cgar uu.ld qs)€u^uuCis^(j^^ $<ss)GO<ss>ld<ss)uj& 
Q Gas/Hiu n m &^^rrtq.u5}<sk <s£]<s^ujlo uopp ujfr<siJ(pn5l60LDQ&fTUi.uj 



Gu(f)u$-iurT&£5 -G&rrmr§l \gj<su<sk /5<^6^<swr/r<ss><sii<£ &&p 
<2iu]-$gl o® £-!—§]• &rrLLL-rrjp{rjj Q6um<srrt£§$<5V ^&uulLl-.<si!GH 

£jD@«<a$g2/U) &Lp<sb&<ofil6g]LD ljjplLl-U u(ij\®j&jjib 9 &purrmip&®ffi<sb 
^m$<o$){juQurr6Q Gldit^u u (J) <sis§i ld , (^ £-.&$$ <sgj w, 
l/^/d«<sy5?@)/U) Q&rrqi)&uu($\<sii& l iLD i QGiJGrrm$&j]L.<sir gh(§ld 

<5Tf$lUUU®®J§]LLITUJgB 65^65 Sn5J^^/.«# ff)g>$!JGUG5)$UJ U&& &)(!)!<&& 

£)aj7<ss ^uS\mrf\LjLD 9 ^.€mh<s^Qju^LL ^]Lpuum@u Gurrsv 
<S)jijrr&&rTLBa(g) ^Gmi^nGm «^/^gj^ssr LDGmrrurrGu ^$>ifr&@\ 
&<srfimrr(sb <sy<sum ^Iodgvgidld u/fj^fru^^l^jih u[fl&rru&(rLD(T& 

^](§!5&§1- ^i<SUm /5/TL_d5<Sc95/T/7G'«5OT/T(5) /5 ll L/ c® G) <95 /T OTT® 

§£ ijj. siS) lL l_ /t syt 6Totus?d^ r£)&&mQLA<sirrr}j ^Gusir wesT^j 
r5<sfomL-@6in$iLi(j>LD (spmprrij^ ^rrmr® ^.q^uQ uipg^ 

<SU{5$glQuiT<S0 £§)©j5<£ ^GUGiT <&&&<SS>&UJ Qu(§8>$ {£) $ ®® P (g) 

^<sm[£j&}<mrrdr Gimp (LprrGmrr&sr Q&uj§?iGuj ^Gum ldgstS^go 
^g) [[(om® Lb3>riiQ&rr6mL- turrmm&Gh^GhGfDfTG^nGmjipij (Sld/t@u 
Gurrfr Q&ih&>®s)$ Qajrr$6>gj. ^mGofliu LD®sfl$dr lB&u g,6$r^®n& 

QP(Lg65)4£lL]Lb 9 ^fT^GV (ipCL^G^i^lLjLD ®5)6ll &>§}6H<ofI ^{TJ GlUGUl &>m 

&<mroj6$)jL-.<m Q&rr(6))@}m gj.<so/T6iS)<£ ffliflgay <siSl6s>miurrLq,d 
■ (§ip!i)<58)g><5S)UJuGurT<50& &u^Gi£iBm$.^(§{£$<sb €TuuLq.d 

<5fci.®LD? 2_60&m§?lGplffl6l[T gigugoh gS}^gs)^g/H§^ld ^g)ji/ GuOGVfTGST 

^/f)L/d5LD/T« ^(skrGjprr $)(§&&£] i &rr$€giLD G&rr u(Lpw 
&<z&)$H!j<sm® <oT(ig$§i, "r5irG<s$r Qu(fliuQjm [bitGgw GutiliuGum 
<oTmfpj <sp6uQ(oiifTmQ]LD &>m t£<m Lf&mLpu unrisj. ^^rrfjrRja<m<orr& 
<%itlLi^ gm &g$t <£lL@)Guj ^<ommLbiU[rm§i GTGWfru 6urr&rTtq.uj&i; 

6lirX!T&&ITL£ltl5l<sZT LDGWgj/ ££(§ f$ IUIT UJ GW^GV^mg Q iU!J^^l(§^§tJ. 

*g»j&$6b GLDm&rroSlm GLia&Gvrr&liu ^Girq ^GU^emL^iu &-6m6$)L£><& 
srr^onGviLjLD, lorr&ipip (§ossr^Gm^qw ^qi$u u®£&jjLh 
Qurr(§LL(g) l6)«« un($iuil-($i ^uGutT6G)$F>&&uGurT§i ^ojm 



166 GLDOff&rr 

Q&ii@ sifiliu Q&dj<s$)&&6V)<sniLiLD, Q&rr<shr®ST ^®$iu 
G&rrrb&mGfriLiLD <$6xsQ6iiiT6fopfTUJ oSlffl&gju Gu-Gf), ^/<a//r 

<5Sg5<S5(g}dr /5L-/565 6T6m6®$&6&&ILJfpp cgl/^L/^/J (J&&)lUr£j&<o$)<SfT 

QujaxsorTLD ^6U6k LomS?) /f)@« Q&rr6ssrir[5§l 9 " ^jGi—I <sxi[m&<3Fm£l! 
®j6u®r $iii&LDiTQtt Qu<mr<5mi—[T! ^Gummu Guirdrp s-ggiSl 
&_OT<£(gcS ®(o^l_^« LDrr lLl-.it GfTL-rr? £_<skQS)mQuj a-uSIpmu 
LDf£l$$Qjem-.iT! ^)Qj<shr s_(5urca@ ^$<smL-.&LD Q&iu<siJ[T<sn (ofdr^j 
6Tuu14.aJL.rr rglmmuugj?" <s7<o37/ry £L(§&&Lf)fT&Lj Guff) ^j^um 

LD6$T6$)$a <£<SU<$£), ^6U68T§J G&1T Ut£65)&&> &> Sttsf?^^/ 6)5) il L_g/ . 
67^)^(95X1^) (S1/«S(5U/TOT G&rfULD ^jfJ^LDpp U UJ f5J & [J LD IT 6ST 

(ip&$G$rr<$i a»Qnm$Q$(LpJ5§j9 "<s>jGl- <oiJ!jrT&&rTL£)! $ Qu(nj$$ 
(Lp L- 1— n mi— n / ^<okQu^jLD ^fsgu Gsyu^Sdtu&arrij Qjc£S<si) 

8^m$IUJ6$)g>&> G<35lL® /f <SJOT ^UUULg $®L£>rTfT)]£l!piTi]? 

(gjpjpojrreffl ^)^p@ yprfr GiUfriSnuLDfTQn6um 6rmu6^^uup^l 
£3)<si//7 G&frmmiTGrjujGmifi) ^uGunrcj-pgj 6T(ld£&jj ^dsdld/ts 
3_Q]^iuuiLQ\mm (&jpp&6G)$ <$i<sum G&tLiujoSl&mo) 

QlU<5bTUgip(8) <oT<tiTGGT ^&>TT fJLL <£ L-.UL68r.IT fT? ^juGufT&jJ 
^&UUL\®6ff6rT&Lq-&[£j&6iTrT6b <SH<oU(6fJj65)L-lLJ (Lp'jT>§>IUJ /£i_<£<Sff)<5<95<SY7 

GundjGujsku^j ril^ujLorrSlp^j ^ms^l (Lp^^liu fBL-^6S}^^6fTfT<sv 
^) «45 uj.65 /e/ as cJr Qurrihiurr<3;uuL-®S)Gb6$)6V. ld <ssfl<55 (5 <s?r> l_ ilj 

LDSWg/lb (&j6m(LpLD 6T6$T66)!p&(&jLD LD fT p fT &> G U fT (ffylL&fflfT ? 
^)(?8T(53)pi@ fB (51) 6V 6U fj /TIU ^j (^ U U 6U fT [5 fT 6G) 6rf<£(§& 

Q&LLi—®j[muju Gurr&lGmpmfr. ^(/5 /5/76/7 (g/p/Dib QdF(uS)/D<siJ<riT } 
l%)/5<s (Lp^Gsv (§pp(6^ Q&iu&}] Q&rr6muj-(nju u6U6$m& ^GuffliuLD 

^g)(5<S5c9S G<Sl/<SW(5)Lb 67637U@<oU<ancSD ^9/ SU (SD <S17 /7 9 GuDfT&LD 

GuiTGVwrrg&ij. /5fi"C-<gs£i§)(S<su/r &(T6®$ruu(£)6uQt£6b6on ld 

G<SU6i$(LpLb QsU<S$ LDUJ&&(LpLDfTLD. U UL&1£ G LD &> fT <Sl5) 65 {SYJ U) , 
£_£}/|£)tU/7637 LDmmt£& Q<3ifT6mL.6UJJ^{^iDfT6m 6Tgg6V) 6$tG IU fT 
L4(f^6^fT /5/7L_&/i UfTffuU^OSTfTsb U)$LDUJ&af£lQ&rT 6m® ^j^l6V 
,[5UL&(9jl6 UfJ^6G)$lUIT 6VQS)6VuSlpUU. ®Sl <SV 6$) 60 LU !T ? £)<SD 
6U(f%<^[il&<§fi)&(dj (LDm (§LDuG&TT6mT$§$6blqT ) f5& &U®DL-g£} @(5<51//7, 

/5/7L_c55^^)<oi ©u^Gsi/si^ii ^frl^^j [Bul^^j6u^^ @(5 



^jGU0<SS)L.lU UiT&SlUJLD <oT6U (§<&($& ggy LD &)lL(£)LDIT? 
UrTL-6b&®S)6fTU UfTLSf. dl)i§)/f i_/ (7$ <51^ /T ^g) $&> ff) UJ W /T « /5 L_c£ J$/ LD 

& it filiuraj <%€$) ®rr gksvgoitld /j/tl-cSs GLD<s$)L_u5)<sbr l£G$ /519.^65/« 
&itl-L$. <5$rnr<sb 9 GToufr LDOsr^^frdr §}(f^LDurr^j9 ^ss^ild 
Qu(smm)jLD6b<oVfT^ <sy<s£} fBLj(^<sF<9i<ok (lp^gSIGiuit^ld <s>i$tB& 

<35<Sl//T<#£)<Sff)ttJ <ofi](5V<!k&&<£fc($)Gll)rT <ST6klU§}LD c^ /£ G <9$ <S5 £JD . 

^ uu isj-uSl (!])&&, Gwm&rr &^^nisj.uS<sm lB^j *%&$)& Q&rT<smL-&ii 
6^0 <sfilr5<58)££iLirT! <gi<sx]<sir lB§! ^>®s)<5f Q&nr6hmrr<s3iLq.<sb «jj/si/sJr 

2_<silL%|/ ^<°®& QaiT&T<5fT @(5 ff}f^^]LD [§)ujrTUJLSl<sb<S8><oV. <51<SmGsfl L-LD 

(gL](n}UU<o5)giqLD <oT<5$r£$)<s$r& &it$<sSIuugg){£iliGld *2iGU6n GuprrrBrsg 
&&LDrnh $6&m$j5<MmrTuS\fpQfp i <5rm^j $ G&rr&GpiSlprnu. 
<S>JUi-&3ilLn> @L_£jjLH/Lb, <9H^^§jld, 6^£l©Lb, (SU(j^^§iiD LD®sfl$mrr£s)uj 

£_®n<5G?\L-$§$<sb ff\p^\<5mULB ^ntfUoSluuGg ^6U(§f]j&(&j ^ GXI <SU GfTG^ 

^jmuLLnruj^ GgrrmrfymrrGv, "&<smG<sm (srdr/ryLb "(LpgGg 
<oTmfruLD &rT<svuq-U$)<sb Lb<s£srui.u$L-($)& Q&(gifj@}u-]ld Q&rr(6i)@)iL]LD i 

(JITUKU), U&LLLSl-lLILD, g]Gil&g]LD SL-dlj&llLjLD, <^UJ^LO t£65r§} 

giu<oV)<sij $n L-.&8^i4-iu <j$(nj LDorfl&dr - ^]tjrr®grT<5m<siJU Guitgolj 
U6rru6rruurr6$r < = §/>63)L_<95<SYr <sH®stfl$§i ^jipGa <suL^<siifTUJ^ 
GgnmfgjLD- <sp(§ WGsfltBon <gjQj<sh LDGsrjg/Dgj 2-mm6W& &rr C-iq-Gg}& 
6T$g><s8)68r G&mq- ld/__/e/@ £-iuit<5iirTm®j<ovrmu$ G^nmg)j<sunm; 

2L.<S$T(51$flu.LD GlUfgJLD ^mU&<58){B®S)L-. ^QJGsflu.LD QuiT)JLD ^GMULD 

&®jfr&aGu[r&Larr& ^^^Gguit <gjQj<sh LD<o37@/f)@^ G&rrGkgtfin. 
^m&iurrd), GLnm&rTGSlon gu&&6S\ |g)/6ff>L_iL/ <surr^w 

S-UGtLirT&LDipfpg]. Q&<SV<SV&£&&&tfLD<g)j<5b<SV. a6$)U-&}lUIT& €fQ^^§} 
QP<SOLDITUJ Q<oU<sfiliUITmG$ 2_<Sm<o5)LD; <3{®n& <oT<Sll(njLD 

<S>]<o$)<3F&&(LpLII-lUrT&jJ. ^Gm&iUrTGV ^rTLJLj <oTm U&&LD 

Q&rr<&<sQuui—G<s>j<sm®Ln" «w/p/ a^tugj. <^/<si/<si//t<3/d £§)/5<95 
<si/<£S<aS)<sSr u&gld ^rfLnrrmLO Q&\uujuulLL-§i; *m§} 



168 GtDm&rr 

GLD6V <3IUL$<SV Q&LUUJ ®ULf5)uS)Gb<SiS)6V; ^ITLDlT68T(LpLD $ 68) p 

G6nppuuiLQ\ ®jrjrr&<9 : rTijSlu5}<ob LLm§$<oSl(ri)$&> GLDm&rr®Sl(ssr 
QufT(f^mnsw <&fT$6b (Lp p $ ££1 ld g%u§$ (urs5}(Lp@(ob) 
Q&luujljulL(§)lj Gurr<svr&iJ. <s>j$&68)&iu r$68)6068)LDu5)6b 
GUfTfT^^fTLbluSlm LDm8$<sb ^L-<&&Q<su[T65sr6B5riTU Qu(j^iii G&rruCb 
Q&rrip&<^&&tf&Q&iT<5mL^($!p&^. uD68)6D&68)6nu Quiurrggj& 

3iL-.<sS\60 <s3lLiS$-, &L-G8H50 611 /7 ffl <^& H LU <£ f£l <5V 6Tf^l^§J, £__<SU<9S 
LD6mL^60fBJSi68)6fT Q IU 6V 6V ff LD *g\ LD LD IT 68) 68T& &IT dj&GTTrT & <S$£), 
^688TL-^68)^iqLD, uSlrj688ri—^68)&,LLjLD i r$6V8i<58)a5lLILD i {S^piL/LD, 
LD<o8>60(o8)lLJlLILD } LDfJli}^68)6fTLLj LD <Sp 68fp Tf LU <£ G><J/T<f5d£/<£ <3S^LDULD 
Q&IUUJ£&&<9> <SF688TL-.LDfT([^^LD 6^(§ ffiffiliLI ®$<5FLD U LS}. 2_ LfiASl /f) (gjffl 
&68T&tf Qfi(Lp61jd)6l)68)LD68)ajLqLD «/T lL®&>G8)60U G U /T 60 ^{61168T 

LDQ$rS$(sb Qu(§rii G&rruLD ^Lp<smQL^(Lpi^§j ®Sl6Liif)^p(&j G?6orr$ 

g$68FULD Q&lij£58tf. &68T LD<58r68>££QS)L-($) <S£(5 Q [5 IT LS{. G IU 68)1 LD 
<J>/<95<SD/TID<SI) LSlUj-GUn^LDfTLU <of^lffl<ob 611 ^^J f^68Tp G LD68T&[T 6)S}68T 
&UL-LDJpp &6£)lUrf6m(gj6$8rLD 6£6tfllTrB&i ^6$fllU <3f?^!J611^68T^68)^<i 
&176m&&iT6m ^61168)I68)L. IU ^^^IfTLD Qu(!lj&)& c95 lL L^<SV £_ /S/ <S5 /T 
[$6$)6V68)IU <S>j68)L_rBg5§J. *2J[5£5 6ULq_61J^68)@ (3 /5 /7 <& S) 61) U6V68)60 
$p$P Q6U68T(r)J SUj-ggl S_(5£l£i|_ 6£]l£I$S}J 6pQrj ^jLq.uSl6V 
^6)J^68)L-.LU Gg&LDfr&IlU 6LI(6J)<3F&U UU 6mL-.g,6S)g £-.68)L—@§]U 

Qurr Lq-iu(T&&)& &upr$6b sm^I^l. r$68)68T^@rr6$r. ^nuSldr 
wiq.i£$(§<&(&jLD (§LpF568)$, <g]6i]6nurnja(§LD (Lp&a&6m6mrT u^68)iu 
G[BiT&§d^£g)(§<ffl£6Wgrru5i(iT)gg6ft 

LlP^md^S) @L-6£)U UfT fr£E>$68)<S0U GurT6V ^611 68)1 68) L- LU 
<S>i&i&<&688r688f)6b G '§> /T 657 77$ IU 611 LQ.6uGlD ^ 611 gp/ c95 @ Q-688T68)LD 
GLb68T<9HT68)6Ug G^!T68r^\lU§]. 

"c£/££ 6U(Q& : Sll UfJLD &688rL-fT'6fil! ^/(3/J/tS)" 6T68T68T ^fTlfliULD 

G&iLi&rruj; ^<sk *_/<£££) ^uuLq_Lun G.uu68r^l G&j 6T68T(Lp6br 
6uijrrG$; Gurr <s>julut6V d?68)L__Giu! (Lp&&68)$u urriT. 
$F}ifluQu6hm?' Q&rr(6j)&Q<oQ68r68r? ujmflL^^^lGV ^)i$$lj 

U«LLG)L_(Sl)(oD/7£i? &_<S$r@/<S3)i_«L/ G ILfT &$€*)$& <55<SW®Q<5S fT <Stt6iT& 



&^L-n& gT<5Jr g)/ gg)£_fu (LpL-L-rr<sh $m$G$)$j5 &<sm® 

@)[fl<&§dprrGiurT? LKsbmGva d5/TL!_L_/r(3<g. U6b<ss)6v& d5/TLli<g_« 
arTiLu}- <5T<skr 2_£*5)<s8>/j<£ Q^n(skos)m Q&n<smL-&5] Gurr&tfLD. 

^(GTj&rrG^fflGGvGuj ^/<a/g)/L_ gar Q&rrm<sor5§i Gurr&rriAd) ^)£iG& 

(SUip^J £-<oir (Sl/^^cS GlKoGKoOGmU ®S&) <S7W LL^IQS)IU LDUJ&&) <oT<ofo<5V)<o$rLJ 

L3^&<mrT&&®LilLL(§)a>grT<m Gurr& G®j<om®Gi£>rr? ^§j 

<oT<okr<5V)l gg) i— CL/ (^£_^5<^5@/D«/r<SS £_OT6Sr/7"6l> Q<95/T Q)&&U U lLl_ 

<9F6vrLc>rTQsrGLDiT<? x ijrr®Dn GGU6qt&&[rp<s6)<sGru iSiL^gG&rrGub, 
^/si/gydsgj &filujrra drvS^i? Gojg^.ld GurrL^ $ld&(&j&> Seporno 
^j0<sS)p^n^ <n®sTU65)$ <5T6$r®sFlL-LD uifiLm& ufnj^rjGajrf ? ^uj. 
Q&rr(o$)(SD u'fT^S)! GKsirm ®orr<si)LD! <sT(skr<m &n&®rvLD! s-.u5)qp>ijA 
G) 65 /r (J) 6T<ofrrpiT®) Q&rr®£^®Sl($)GQj(5kr <5T<swpd)6vGfojiT ersir€isflu.LD 
urr&rrrEi(&j G&djtsrriu! s^uuuurr! /f Qu(sm<omn ^(sh^o^j Guujit? 

£g)/5<95<5 <£L_6ff><Sl/ ^(^cJ/TQ^/fl(5>S)(75^^/ $ <SL//5£$ iSlmGu Lj§} 

wrT§$[flujiT&Qj<sb(5vG<5ii!T $L-.rB&jQ&n <smL-rr ii . $)&p(§ (Lp&r $ 
^juuuj-UJfi (SurBgrrdj? ^uul^ojit rsL^^iriu? ^ gij ®j gwolj 
&n&6rvLDrr Gl&iijgrrtu? £§)@<sb GjGgrr (^^©«S/djs/ <oT®sru<sm{£ 
<S>jf$iuiTLD<sb ^rLDnjjSlu G urr G<s$rG(oVr; /f Q&ibg> ^l®j<sy<sn6iiLD otot 

<gj6vrij&rrij(LpLD, /g &rril.Lq.m ^(syjds^ii <sruuLq. ^(^/g^sw 
GlpifliLjUbrr? 

" U(6])@)QlLJ[T6fi)lT <S$(OTJ<9i-(g<a9/7L/ Lid)<5DQi LD@//S/<55# 

®j(6]j@)Quj<5wr rE>(Qj&QLbQsr (oUtGTj&LD&m (oijrsgnr <srr 

<oT6mpuLq- iugugoguit £§)(5i5<5Ji/- <oio^<sonLD ototgs) or ldlu<&(&jld 
QufT(WjLL® ^is^lu $itl-&ld 6T6$ru§} ^jOGurrG^ n5<sirprruj& 



-|70 GlD65T<9S-/T 

<§grr8$u Qu<omQ<smmgii $mm$G$®XG0GO<S)jrr; ^i^<sk QurT($iLQ\ 

€T<m Lfj5$ll6)G> ^uSJffLD $[JLD Q & © u u /T A ^ Uj-&§J&Q&rr m<SfT 

G®jmr($)LD; &rr®n<svujrr dliq.$$i <sS\®Slpnih? ^uui^Giu Lnrrfrq 
ojmfruSlo) ^l^gSIlj ufrir^QpfrGtuu? &(Lg$>®n&,u i3iq.uu$p (S 

*l_ot«(<5 €rm s-L-lol/- ^®s)m&>giu GurrtijaS)iLu.Q$inrn)i 

^jd)QDGOlUlTLD!^i-L-fT! <oTQJ GLI GTTGl] ®5l&mLDf! €T&>p&rT& ®S)&mLD? 

t3iq-&§i<sS\i-nwGb j^)^©/*©^ i3iq.&^GpnGiD zrmp 
GfilpmLO&isoojrT ^§il Q$iflf5&gl- ^uGurrgi Q&nl(5&§j. $ 

^.L^LDLSldf (Lp(Lg§ILD QJ<g}&&$€to$& Q<9S/7OT r i_- UfJLDU®S)[jQlUm 

uang ^i$tunLD<sb $rrdt G&GOgfi$p(§u Ljpuu® (ip®ff a.mos)<m 
^GSlmi&mw Q&\hQ&Gm; <s>}<sm$> $j)uGurrgi rgl<ss>6sr$$rTQULD zrm 

G$&>&m$ ^uul^Guj Qr5(§uL$}<sb GuniL®^ 3>ft\iurr&£i<osm^LD 

sSlL-wrnLGi—di <5Tmrr)j Q&rr<sbG£j£>)piT di l ^jm^Co <$i®s)!j 
rBrrLp<oZ)&u5l<sb s-drmm oSliL® otot prrGggimijuSlm 
^<s£}m&®si &$£p(§ u Gurrib <ss5?©(5siiG<s57, ^j®ngtu$iurr ldA 
<5rm®s)®n ^6$xsmg>§}& G&nm&lprrGuj <5rmrpj &lLu}-& 
&fTLLtq.<mrrGiuiT? ^gogo^j iD<S37J§)<su <£/Gu@p/<anL_(u fi_(75<su<5<s3)«$ 

Qarr<smL-rrGujrr<? <sT<sk uL-g><S5)g> es)Gtf$g]u L^GS)<£gQ&uju£iJ<srT 

OTiGLl^&^U UjG&c? Q&lU£BGl!<SfT<ob<SV6lJIT $1 $ <of<o$)jB§>8>n 6® 

G&tbiuiLrr LLiu.fr ih; 6$)ld68)ujlj L^ffi lu §J) (75 l!_ @ « « <sssr<s srrtf <si) 
<5T<m<s$)m LDtu&(g)S>).!prrGujrT? €T$if)isb r£)<sb6vrrG&i! r§lmprr®) 

^juuuj-^nDUQjG6u<5tff€T<sirQj r£l<55)Gsr&&rrGt£! ^)0ldl/ (Lpm<arm<sb 
(&2!J<sy<s$)€fTu5}<sb @^@ ^g)(£p<9S<5S (LptUGgjLD ^<smiq.p&rT fjm 



i$&<o®&Qiu($i§§§i Qu(f^u)frm; ii(J)/5/S)^orp^/^/@/U)/r/t. 1 71 

GurrGO <@<siiQ<5i]iT<5mnp]&(&jLD (gjLpr565)g>®s)mu Qurr<soa Q&rr(<£])£)<k 

Q&n (<5T)@)lU 6060 Q 611 !T 6J LD U (T) fl$l 651 fT UJ t ^ LD LD, LD UD fT f ' IU fT 65) IJ 
/5 LD LSI 65T fT €$] LD !^LDU60fT LD, Lj (/J 6fy 6$f) L_ LD <3FfT J£!T \J6S5TLD fT UJ 
[5L-61JITLD6b, ^filT61J&lULD!Tm UtT&rrrEJ(§ G&dj&tf Q&fT(67j§)LJ Gu&) 
6£6uQ6Un(il) &fTf?lUJ^65)^LLjLD [£l6ftipG6l]piJ$&Q&ITm(^LD Q<g5/T<J) 
f§6&UJ65)[J LDU^^fTLD fBLDuG6U <Sfa.L-fTgLJUrT ! /g 6T65)&U-fLD Q<3FUJUJ$ 

&M <sttsfl 6U n ih . r5rr6$r /f swl c9srr<sDLb om65)fj ®SIlL® 6Tf&j(gjLD 
GurrarrLL<s$(n)r5&>rT<2fo £§)/5<5« <3^^itulu5}65t Q6ui^liunr6b 6T65T65)65T& 
Q&rf6mfr)j63i—6LiLD /f &tf 6imf! 6u iT iLi . G&! 6T65T65T £_<sn><9SLb; 676$r6vr 

6UIT Lp&>65)3>! 6T6060IT LD GlDIT&LD! 6T6060fTLD [5 (T & LD ! 6TfhJ(gjLD 
6$ U & fT [J LD f FP&r6UfJ65T (Lp^pQ<3SIT 6m® Lj(LDLJ LL& : &)&6fTl 6pI LD 
6£lu<3=<3FfTfJLh! ^uSlfJLD 6(0$ ff&6fT\<sb ^(/J^@ 8rj5&LDfT65T6U6fT 6T65TU&tfLD 
&n>G$<SSLD. 6T6U(f^LD Q &IT (6Jj<9F(LpLD &T5Q&>&U LJ /_/T^ 65)j5&>$60 

<s7<si/<si/<SYr<si/ ^urr (jLDfT6^T &rT!tliuiij&65)6fr& : Q<9Fdj$(nj&&lronr iu! 
sl. gor g)/ <sg) /— cl/ &rr LDrrgSdiULD <s>j 6V 60 6xj rr &rr ldit£5§$iuld! grr&) 
G6u&)&Q6rr6b6orr ld g-.6vr6sflu.LD i3&m& 6urrr£j& G6U655t®ld 
GurT6Sl(nj&&)pG&i! s^^^rr lsl&gyt 6T6060IT ld s^6ir &rr&6fOg>6$)&i& &ri)& 
S^65T &fT60LSLll5l6b @611LD Lj l?l UJ G <su 6mr (£) G LD f Q u lL isl u5) <sb " 
&nr LDrT6ma65)6fr /5/tl_<95« <ssrril.&)GurT60 ^6V6oGgu[7 Q&rr<sgj 
6^6u^$(^^mLj! 2_ot GulLulGiu ^65)$a <%6m(£\ &§>)ujrrLD6b £_<s£t 

^rj6mL-&$65)$ Q6U6$UU®$§$6fi\LLl—G&,l SiSJ 6T65T&(& ) LD 
r56b60glT&G6ll (LpiSL$&,§}. ££) 60 65) 60 UJ fT 65T fT 60 g_ 65T65) / 65) L_ UJ 

^)(5il<5g)/_ s>jr$ujrTg6ii6$riTdj fsfrdr urjg65)$ujfT£sluj S-65T65)65T 

^65T65T(LpLD G^Q\LDU ULUJfT 65T fil?<SWT ^)^)<S1/ S_(5WL/T JZ$ Q5&(&) LD 
^606061JfT f ^juGufT&jJ ^grf ^J6060rT LDfT) GufTGST^j. ULU ISL 

&Q60&L-[jnrLb! 65>&ujiT60fr&rr£ (£p<5WL_/i. q(f^6^65T q?lLul6o1(T^^§j 

6S]60&&UULl(b) 6U[5g Qu6m6$)6m 6Ti5£ (LpLLL^rf6frfTu5}65}ILD 

g3lLg8> l_<si5?lL(J) Q 611 <siff) uSJ 6b <g{ 65}j u q 611 it 6$r it ? &<m qSlLul<so 
/5L_ci(5Lb ^j-fB&u Ql/(75/5@(5lLct)l_ *g>jL-a& ^rrjlujrr^ gpLsir, 
gefrrjrrrflm .£-.fil65)LD&6$)6n& d5/r uufTppu GurrSdpnrGGirnr! 

$6tn60(Lp65>fp g65)60(Lp6G)pUjrT tlSI 60 60 fT LD 60 , ^g)/5<5<£ §]6S5fl6l]LD 
f£l65)65T61JLD £-6mi—IT (8jG LDfr ? ^fTuS\65T (^65StGlD Q U6mT6®Srl L_£JD 



172 GLD<m&n 

£§)<g«@xi) 67WAJ/ Q&CT<sbGU§} Q urr dj'turr&iTgi . ^j qj m 90 

@j/Ei«fT£li4.(S3>co OTQj£g/«Q«ffOTrq.(5uu/rdr. FF&6uijnr! «/hati; 
&nmLD! $[£>&(§ QJfTUJ0^ &wu$iBLb ^juuLq.iurr £3) (5«« 

&lfpgl? <5T®)wrr& Q&<sb®j&§$®tfLr GiDOiirorr LDmm<ofiluS\<m <95/dl/<£ 

@<SULD G&(T&Si)fTLD (Lp&GSltUZUtpGnfP oSl&!7[Ti&&ITLDW U<o8$T0<S5)@lL{LD 

^§!>iGiliit&&65>$ilild LBn^fjLD &mr® ^^[JUUlL®^ Q&ii$ 
&<sS\mrr(5mLD ^(sbevojnf! /5ld«@ G®j<*m®LD; G&! £%)&$ <ST07-«gj 

<&LlL{LL&rT60LD (Lp(U}W&jjLD Q U <5m L_ ff L- L$- G IU G 61/ OTL, fT LD . 

Gurr<giLD fBnrm Qu$mL-.rr lLi^$s)uj <£}<o$)i—f5§i ^Irnn^rr /4.^ 

6T£W©i*i> @(5 (Si/^cSF^L/ Gurrirm6uiu<o^!J5gijQ&rr<5m(j)) 
^<mrL$<5rr$s)Gfr&®S)®rr Gujgvgoitld sjLDrrpruLD oSlu&irrT (Si/i#.6iiLb. 
^)^6w/rSa; <s5fr<sir QuLL.14.6mLi ^GUQjm<sii gDrr&&l[j<ss)&ujiT&u 
l^lLl^il^ld §>ifr)®jiQ&rT®s)<so& &(Lp^®n&®SlLL® /f/s/ds/r ldo^jld 
<&&$$(${& pirOturr f ^git I /g ^]fiiG& £§)©/5<5 &rT60$$®) £§)/5<$<£ 
«o]L^fEi<S(rfT c^/<g5uuL_i4.(5/5^/T(Si), £_OT<ar>OT a_uS)G/7fr© yii>)u5)<so 
L/(sy)^^@(3u(3u<rfr. gui5l$§j&Q&H6mL-.6b(5VGLiiT Guruh 
dSliLL^rrdir ■ <ot<sst{qi ^(smgy u&<sb Q$®QrE>rjw Gu<s$)fju5l<sb 
^^^fJ^G^rr <J) ul^pipld Q&rr<5m(§)LD Q<supQ] Q®j<sffl®s)UJ GfBfrdS) 
fBpisp Q<su6&rg)j u(sb<oG)(Sva &iq.$§j& Q&rr<5m(§\L& u(j<5mrQ) urjGm® 

QQJU$)<sS)ip U(Lgg &tfl4LJU6V)&uGurTG0 QJ0/5^<^7/TOT. ^61/637 

sToiai^Tsi/ <sq^iLi$.iLfLb, mGu&tiLb, ^)<SLp/5^yii, Q®Jgtf&&Ji& 
Gu&)<zmrrm. ^«S?@/a) (3LDOT«rr<5i5)<s3r qj£4_qjld £g)<ssfl<ss>LDiiJflr<s3r 
Lf<sir68rGin&4£6ijt£ii>g (Lp&£G0rr($i <s*i<sijmgj <SH&a &<sm<s&<mr ®$IlL® 

<syojm Q&iug (Lpiup&JujrrGb, sygJ (y><sfc®sfl"6giLD <&$£l&LDrr& ld<ss[G$hsq 
QMm$l $<obr(D&iJ. tSHGum si/^^S), eSlu&kftl Qm<sku&ijLD, «ki^/tzjjl 



i5(TC8)dpQui.®^5g/ Qu(§iDfim; i§($m^$$mip§i ^gp/uw/r. 173 

Giurr® ^14. (s£lL-L-frm <5j<oku^jLD <$i$u m)i <s$)L^m u^^^surrd) 
s„<5mm.L&Qiu<skrff)i <$uq&Q&irm<snuuiL($\u GumjSl^^^iib, 
"^/<si/ot ^iuui^.iLjib G&iuGuirGmrr" grg$rgn/ii>" ^(75 GS\iuuq 
LDrrgSdrjLD ^)mm(LpLD .^oj.m tLm$£lGb G$ir<mr$& 

iLipssxso LDlLppffils Q&rT<Q>§\ sS}(ss)mujrTUf.^ gmfrrsmL- $!—$§} 
q?lL£^./d(3*^/t ^OT(g5(g5/f?iu€5>OTL/ Gun<sv ®Sl 6HT lij &) , 
LD§*lyp&£ltLirr&)uj SlpGmfEJ&mmu urjuiSl^ ^nr^jLD ^jdruLDiuLDrrdj 
@\Q5&§1 g><sisr6$)®$T<& &rrmrQurrir&(9)LjD ^Jggtuld uili^^j LbGmrr&y 

<51/£iJ_<a/ LD /T (Zi oSlmfhiSl GlDO^GiDO^LD QJ€fTfT^ejl' GUfTLpA&eLU^UJ^rr'dj^ 

G^ndri^luj G^niupp ^Lpmgjj guuj§j^ @ip/5<o3)<9$, ^i&O/jOT/p/ 
<SDm<o$fl Q&iT<sm(i)\ <s^Gfj ^j(LpuLSl(sb ^uSIg®!? <o£}®L£>rrS<5m 9 ^^o? 
QupGpnfr.s2i§i ^p$&®s)& $ubLf6urrG[mi<gi§i Gu&& ^p&^p^ji 
s><tiffi®sd\p(&) <or§$[?l<sb £)L_«S)@/Lb <£/g/ &jju5}<5b<5Ugrruj \$®s>muuri 
^(sfcGprrf ^i§j Gu&w, <gj§j CT(^/5@(5<£gjii, cgyjs/ 2-L-ld®$>u 

K gj<om<3 : &(&jLD GTmjgJ Gu&}<SS)LDUJfT<sb 6T6m<SQsfl & dS<SS)iL.£) GUQS)ptS\<SQ> 

^^j ^jp${&§i .GTmuG6)$ rsLDurrit ^sZrGprr! ^djGiiirGp 
Gijfjn&&rrL£lu5}<ok /$<ss)Q)<ss->LDii/iib £g)©j5<5J!i/. fo/rsi/zi &<mQjrnuu 
Gurr&& &>. i—'it 45 rr t GLDm&ir &<s5)iAiu<oVG5>rp u5\<sSlq^^^j 

@jr53tf®SlL—&<9b.U.ITJ£[T <5Tmg)J r£)®D®ff^@[T <S&; *€l/rf?Sl? LD-mLt—U 

ULLiq-(n)r5&> ul-.ld ^rrp(jSl<sb <gfGS)&r5$rr<2fo GLbm&rr §,rrm ojfB&jj 
€S}L-L-fTG<srrrr <ordrp 6Tmr<smiD ^sum wm^sb aL.^)«@£JD. 
^(Siigujt^j GLDm&rroSlm^uSlrrpp euuf.<su^§ju.(qir^iGU<sirGuiTurrui. 

ZjD/T/7$) lDiT/75) <SH<Stim lS§! *%$,&$ F (Lf>LD, ■ Qu(§SJb G <9> (T U (Lf> LD , 

QglilL&(lpld c gy<sff)i_/5<5<si//r Gurreo /s^^j*/ '<£/.OT/p/ u<s/d 

Quu(Lg^lp(^(sir Qp$brGp (Lp<smp Gurr®g<sisrLb Q&£j§i oSJlL®, 



174 (?£jDsw«/r 

(LPlL<S3)£_ (/5)637 &G8)LD68)UJj£ 6&/T/5/<£ LD 17 L- L- IT UD G <SV K G&nfr 

QiOT>L_/5d5<si//JiTiu &rr®J&nr&LDrruj s\$&> @<sni—&(@i])&(&> <sul£I 
Q&rF6h<soG®u<5m®iLD 67<gg7gr)/U) «(TJ^G^at® ^rj<5m® Qp®r>(5V&ml<5b 
^_ilc95/r/T/5^/ <sfiliLi—<ss[fF. <$},&rr! <3j6iifr&®rr ^<ss)u.^ qS]&<sw£<oS)$ 
€7<skrm Q<sumiY)] Q&rf<sb<oUS}i! <gi<sufr&<£r <siirru5i<sb GuitlL($)& 
Q&rr<$mL- @<o8)L~&Q<otT<sb6ViTLD &®s)tj$>§} ^-(§S)^ ^rnornu, g-<skGm 
Gua ib&Q&rT<smL^($f5&>6GT QGumprr(sb, ^<svit$(qJ)6is)l_uj 
gjiuijgfiltptg) Gojnry gj /rj) cl/ ld G$<s&)<suiu'rT? GLDGmarroSlm 

Qui7(l]jLL® @<SG)L~&(§[!)LD LD668TG6)L-<SIS)UJ 8L-6V) 1— .&$]<& G) &IT <OT(J) 

$fil(LgrJb§i Qf5&}Lp^<s$)(SV 2-<smfrp{£ ^ojf[&(§n)®s)L-iu &6ma®nr ^r5[58>& 
«©rarsrf/r <sfi\Q}\{£jB6W- GLD6$T&n Gldit&ld Q&iu§j <si5)lL(J) 
<$L^uGurr<mm$&(&}fiS\$§} ojfjn^&'ULbluSlm (d)cJq5)c95<s$<si) u(J)ii 
(Sii6W<5OTTii) ^/oj/t&syt <^/££<s«£jjl ojituSIgv gu$&> ®Sl&W iSl^pifiGSTfr. 
iSl[fLDLDfT(5mL-LDiT<^T <s^(§ Gg&nr'&GLp &®SlL£[B&jJ Qurr&& a^u^iu^frdj 
efil <sb) rjjj&gi <*p(l)\j5®s)(oou GurrGO ^ si/ /7« (65 <?5> l_ uj G&rr u(LpLD 
^^^UOfiLD Qurrrhi&) <oT(Lpr5&jj Q/5©/5J$/7/7xb Q<j<si)g2/Lb; 2_l_(?63T 

f£lr£l$& t }®jrrfr&<m. <sfil&<S6r$<ss)&& (§$&& Q&rrip&<s5)6rr ®j rr rf) ®j n fii ~ 
<s£&<sijrrrr&m. £f<s3->i_<95<sy7 £g)<&r)z_ £§) <stf) l_ uS) <s£? (ipp^ju 
qm<sfil&(ofr!T&GiiLD, G&<sfr@S]& (&jnfi)&6rrTr&<sijLD , rffnpjggo) 

@/p)d5QT/T^<si/Lb ^<suc£c$<smL/ i3 6& Lp u5\ 6m $ g> Gg>nmr$l ^Lpt&jU 

LDL£$-l6l<sS}(rF}i5@ @®S)L-. Q/)ll<55>L_«<S)fl(rfT G><95cS5LD ^ L^&ailj- @<oJ7/$<95 

(§guS}uGufT(o^r^j. <5i&r<m G&tuGiirT rfssorf Qurr qjqs)ldu 
Qurrfr)j^<S)jrr&m; ^Ggiumuili urrrjm£<sb <§GijQ<sijrT(nj-$i—68)Gi]iLiLD 
£$*>£_ urr&S^ULD £g)c5/5£ ^)l_^@/d@u Gundj ldujlcjnl/ [HpuiSli 
Q«/rsw(J) <5ii(nj®Lirnfam. &n uurr LL(J)<ss(gj <su (R) ld u uf. 

Qr5®Gr5[jLDrT&u Quq^^G^,(sS\ <sii(jrr&&nLSl(5mu <sy®r>Lp@§jLD, <SH&J6br 

Qu([i)!pGg®51iumwrT<srT, "<^//5<5<£ Q&rr(Lpu QuQ\^ <sv<smuj- 
@(5 @i4.uuium<oo£ G$L^&Q&rrmr(£) <5pLq.6&m<sb <s*j&parra $ 
<5j<smi_n uiLi$.<s&\unh& GSIl-Jb&jj &rr&tprrrij? ^juGuituulLl-. 
Qu(smL^fTLLi4. GurrmGngu up$ <s£l&6sruu(£)<si]&ij &^l.u 



ufrojLDi—rr? 6T(Lgjj&gi Giinj <oTmgjj&($6ftwiun'a^(^0$r^prrih 

Qu(f^^Q^oSlajfT tgtjGismosT s„uS)GfjrrQ\ <s£)(ij)&)pGiim? 

^$<smL-n&ip8tf* ^jG^GvrGW Qu(nj&>$ ojongiun uS\Qf)&&lpQ&! 

<5Tm$& ^fTuiSlLLL^fTiu? G<9=60@§?i<?Slqijr53j] uS)iun ojijld 
GunriiiGzl&G'&rrGm® Gu^^munr ? §>lL-&&lp§j <*T(Lpr$8$iGiJ!T; 
Q&rr(<<n)<9 : Lb!T& &itljl3lL($) ®SIlL®lj Gurnu u®$§j&G&irmQp&ij 
grrGm? g-m®r><m ujrrfr <sfil&muuL„ G<su<omL^n w otot/£/ 
Q&iT<sb&)prriT&<srr?" <oimQ] ^^GurrQ\ ^i^lLl^ GLDrrLfJ^nm. 

«nuriaBs- <3}&&rrGfT! 6T<ssr6$)®tf ®S<omrr& (^nm o^u^Siirj 
<sfi]&&)pmlj? (orm&fgj ^juGurT&jj &rrLJurTL-Lq.GV idggtld rBUL- 
®Sl<sbQn(SV. ^jurr^^lifl G<M(om(§)Lf)nrmrr<sb urrir@§j&Q&rr<5hGGLitTLD. 

6ttnruD6iub:- ^jcrrr^^lifl GiKS&rruSlGO &-U<siiiT&i£l(iTjr5$rTGb 
Gurrmojdr <si//5^/<si5?©<su/T<syr/f ? <gi<sb<so§i £§)/5£ <&Q$ Goj<ss>mu 
uiLi4-<sisflGujrT® £g)/5<§5 ^i<suLDrrmtB $mi&iu Gurr^LDrr? 

<otiil5£BIT6£]LD [BfTLD <£] GU ®5)<off& G&]f^§]&G&rT<5mL~.lT<sb [BLD(Lp6S>l—iLJ 

®8iLl%.®) fBirdj <5&.l_c5 gBGmmsfrr (& > Lq„&>&rTQt£> (<o$)&oniu GLDnojrr 
GajnQ) G&n^&tS <o£lujLjLi<&(gjr$ fSsrriLu^) ^14. <orm<sm &rr&<swLDL^! 
<oi®$t<o5T &rr ldit^^i iu ldu^! ^ f&&>g> 3>u}-iu '6$)®tf L%.uisf- &G<si)<kis$)rju 
Gurr<sv 6ufj&G&rF<sbd>l ^§)/5<9$u ulLl$. (Lpmrm.i— ll&it ^^jjldituju 
Gurriu& G&fr{p&tf<^L-.L-rrG<sirr! Gfm&^f) ^uGurrgjj r5<oirprTtij 
(GTjiru&LD ^smi—rrffipsy; ^§)/5<95 g£0 ■<sun(jwiJ& /35/rdr &Gii<o$?lg>Q&>m. 



176 QiD<m&fT 

^}<sii<s8}<srr Q^ioSu51<si) su^iiuif <SH®nLp$$ ggtrmL.. 

Guir<sSl0iSlp§j*. 

(SsnuDorii):- ^LHfTLDj ST(5W«@« <&ii_ ^juGurr^j (<5T)[tli&ld 
s_s^tl/tS)/dj5/. ojrrnra&rrtB Q<sFQ)^^p(^u Gufrm <3f<°Zr<o$)fp$(§ 
LD^§$ujrr<siSTLD er#ff)<o5)(?D 6i@^^iu Gurnu 6urr&6S}<$b <5Tr$iuuGurr<m 
Gubm&ir ^oj^lgst sTtsirOTGstsif/T Q LL&jjojfr uju Guffl& 

Q&Fr<smisf.(n)rj?^rT<5yr. <5Ttm<s$)®sr& « otl o/ l_657 £_<5yrG(aT 

Gti(B§i<sS\iLL-.{TG(r~ fBrrosr Guffuj, "/f lunjju^? ttmfrtf GcSlKpl^ssl 
u r$[rm &n.®S) Gqj6$)<sd Oi&vu&Hpojm. ^<^s)m^§ju Gurnu 
sulL&it /T/5J|3(5<5£5)G/D<sir. &n &&§}&(§) gosorii G&lLQl-.qst; 
^juGurr^j ^.mGar Gunsm ^mubirm g&wiij Q<55n"(£)65<g/7<sy 
G^Si^wfTiuu Gurnu gSI(£ild 6T<sSnry Q&=fT<5b(o6l siiliLi—nnT&m. 
"sluS/t GufrSpgi,' $(ii&m{5(T<sm Gi&rr^&LD ggGVLD <o$)&u5}$b 
6urr(r§[&i&m SKokpum. "[BrrfSj&Grr Q&rr®&&& <9kL_/rg/ OTssr/p/ 

gfl^<MmfTU$(H)&&G€iJ€m($)LD; u&<sb GojG&GmiSlGsogirrm ^<sum 

Gurr6$@)6b <gfmL-^&ij £_rfrew6ff>£«F Q&rr6b6gjLDUL$. $&■&&>) 6$r n <sb 

QU(^%- ,^/JjJL 6S)U.g>§>IUJ&&ITlfl ! GufT;. ^6lt(§flj&(§ $l®sfl 

(LpL^rS&tfGurrdj ®51lLl-§j. (gj (§§>&> lars) ^{Gl^ 6uprr&&rTLBl 

<£_L_LOL/ Q&lL®U GufT(^LDL-fT; ^§)@<Sl) £_OTc£<2> LD lL®/5<£ /7 63777 
QS)&<o$rLD? £7/S/cS5@5<£<gj 6)5?<5FOTLi5)tSU<oS)<SU££J/7 ? 6T 611 6U SU G QJ fT 

^(iifymLDtLmm Lo<ssft<^/7 gj/5Ji/ r£}LSl®$&t£i6b <&//7/5jg) Gu^iuS\<sb 
Gurr£E!tr)§il<sb®r><si)Ujrr? si$& LDrr^)rR /#<s3)<ssr<%g/c£ Q«n*«Jr; <*7(Xp/5^/ 
51/ /r; ^)axsi>/TQS)tlL/T(ob {5rr<sbr &n$$e$>$ Qoj&r<sifilu uir&§$ij&8$<sb 
iSIg5)&(J5§)I ^mGm G&rrGm® si/jilL^ido"? 



iS&m&Qiu($$$§i Qu(§Lbfrm; iSlQniiSl^Afip§i ^/o}/£D/t/t. 177 

oiunvss- (^^^rj^G^n ($\) <sy&&rT<shj $jm stotszoot <o3<smrruj& 
Q&rr<5b6yj&)prruj? <stotc95@ ^juGurr^j &n$i£> GojGmL-rrLD; 
&rruL$lL-rr&&miT6b r^nm Q &g§j u G u rr uSI l_ ld rr lLG l_<s5t ■. 

Gu&ITLDgSI^ - GTGmpiTGfo. 

^jojdr ^lurrubp Q.&rr<sir66r 2L-U&rrrj ojit rrgmg&m 
<g]Qj65)]&(&ju Qu(njr&QgiTGb<o$)6ViurTUj £§)(/5/5<3)6ffT. Gwon&rroLJLD 
gnsvyLD r£l&rjpp ^<skuLD ^§ju<sS\^^(j^^^ &m®sr£&§^<sb, 
@I(!5$&§1L£ [5F& G<SLigGS)<s$rujrT{Li£ Q$ndrr$liu3 ) }. <2in>$ 

S)l^<OT>^<Si5)l1® <5TrhlG&UJfTu!jl G5)I LD G U FT €5T IT <SV <£OT LD OT<£§5) OT 
(&jLpLJU(LpLD Q^fr^lULjLD GsU^mmiLjLD $<mflGll<5$)L-.UJ<$l)rrLD gtotaj/ 

rgl®s)®$T€5§i <of(Lgrb§i <&ft.L_65£§)/£)(5 su/5^/, "rsrt&r GoiDrrLLL^^fsb 
&rrui3 &rr l/lSJlL©. <a5?L-® qj(^S) G /dot" otot/t}/ Q&rr<sb<sS)& 
Q&rr<5mGL- Q<siKofilu5]ip GumboSliLL^rTon. 

<aii([52- (G&iTLbmg>(5$)& (SrsrT&Hs)) ^<&r®r>fpa(gj ^uuuL^rr^sr 
@®<£(g>£i; (oKsbsorrLD ^ototld nbrrmGvrB&jj f5rr<ofilGV ^rfliuudju 
GurrSilpgi. u<Z5)Lpiu Qu<5mL-rr lLul (pu/tot/tsu Ljgju 
Qu<5mL-.rTLl.iJL enau Gurr&lprrm. <sS\&®$rQ ub<smm? LjSZliuGiJcsrrnnsb 
Gluifluj <^l&v§$ S)(5y>L_«cSL/ Gurr&\p§j. $rT®S)m<9bG& o?@ GuirfRi&u 

GurT&jGpiTLD. c^//5^ /5OT<o5)LD G) (U <SV 60 /7 LD ^)<Sl/ g)/ <g(g ^juGufT^] 
Q^fflUJ(J§!; l3m<oSTn<sb <9fr&UU(§)LD GuiJ§j GLDOST^fT GufTGW&i] 

rBGVGVgj (oTsmu^j ®Sl<$fTr£](&jLb. 

6<snriD6mJb:- ^juGurr^jf /#g0<£<sy><g; [buld ^j <sh osfl L- ld 

G&rrmGvrrrp &n.L-, ^)<siiOT GaniS}£§]& Q&rr®T6rr ld^l_l_^tot. 

Q<si/<syMl_<£ a^L-n&ii.^iSL Q^iLQ\uGurfLD; £g)a/sSr ^uGurrgj 
(ld m ld rr §$ ftl (3)(/7)c95<95 ®S1 sb <s%) <sv . &rr (smi3mos)(Sfrujrr6isrrr sgjLD 
^(5miS)6rr®nm ujgvgvgiut! [buld <$rG@n §£(/5 flu®^ (Bersin logmu 
2_gGg@)£§j <gj®j<s$)6rr 6fi\pr^<sS\LLQL-.rr ld. ^j<o^t1Gld§^ld 
^<sij®sFIl-Ld ^Gmrr&Quj& gminmu [5i—^§j ©<95/T<swrL_/r<si) [bldodld 

eptl-LSL (^©OJ/fOT; #/5 G><$ <55<£@ /f) (g ££lL-L£l<2fo6QtTLLGb [B (T LD 

f$(Lgr£j&rr& rsL_r5gj <sijrjG<M<tiisr®k- mmprrm. 

Cus.s5sr.I-13 



178 GLD<m<SBIT 

GufruSlp^j. ^^««ig. <3jm$ r£}pruLj<siJ@p(g) 6rqgfB£t GurfGugjLD 

urr&§$rjg<sv>&Guj ^r®^>§i <si//5J5/ u&&^§$<sb <5v<M@&tf&Q&[T<5m($\ 

sS>jljGuit&l1 &nLbn[®$)<siiujft &mm$&>j£Q&iT'Giflr(!)\- ^14. 
S>j6v>&!3§J u>&iurr<S5)<0$r<omuju Gurr<so r5i—[5£i] 2-GfrGm Qj/5<g/7/7. 

OPGUjtfLb qm ^iflUUrTGV gLbgj Q<SUpif)l<5$)UJlLJLb LB&li£&&\<o5)milJW 
<otU<J5S- ^/(3i_ &ITLDIT! ^<Stf)I_ G&n^&LD £7®<£JS/« 

Q&rr<sn<srrL-iT! rsmpnr u5)qi)&&)p§] . 6urrujl<sb GurrQ)(Lpm &<ss)fj[5§i 
Gun&)pg]. 

&rr[?)iu£$£)p(&j& Q&rr<sb<so G<su<oisr(^LDU ^lold/t/ OTW«ss(gjL/ u&§} 

6JiLQ\ Q&rr®uu§j Gunr$nr§j; 9(7501^. rglonpiu Q&rr($)&& 

G<SLl<0m®LD. 

GGU(om(^)LDfT€srfiQ^ii> <j/tl/l5?® - (armprrm. 

^&p(gj6irG&rrLD&TLD 9(75 0<&/<syr<afi<£ ®<5m<otttflu5}<sb @6S)L.muj 
fglpuLS) <£Igui?Il-ld /£lLl_, <s>j<siiiT<s)j®r>g G&<od$^&Q&rr<5m® gm^ep 

Q<5 /r [__/i/S)(Swnr /7. 

apmuDnr:- <sii /j/t &&rnjS) GTiijG&Gujrr Gurr&JpnrG&sr! GirijGa 
GufT^pnm? 

siiic^s- <5F /t £ji5)l_ G isi/ M{TiLGL-Qm®n&\prr6m. &rrui3 
^itulSIl- GGMDrr ili_g2/«@u GunSlpndr. 

GPrctDFFs- 67<si)<&>/rLb" ^g)o*<sw(J) opsZrjgj r&rTG$<sb &[fliurru 
GurrSlpgj. ^jouidr LD(rtjrsgj GurfiLi^fjQmm^j /g ^uSlrjLD 2_/p/@ 



Gj&rrmmrrGtiJ; ^jojm $wi3®snr<smrr uirir$g>rTtuiT! &uL§>i&i&6toefr<A 
(S5OTTL— <si/£_CS(oar f$Lbdi) ©5?LLL_f?"(5<o&r. er<sbr6$)i<o8iL-„iu Giurr&G&ussr 
CTUL/if G<a/<?s>sD Q&iht£8 ? i uftfr^muir? 

611149:- ^LbfTLD; r5<zb<so:GiLHT&6to<sGr$rre&r. 

mwai' (^(T)jLC)rTLJurr&) ^)$<5xrrr<sb$rrdr 6T<&<svnwtpf$!Ji)(gjLD 
<oT<sk Gajrr&<mm<sftiu& G&lL®& G<FiZi(^/E/<s5<5Jr <oim^j Q&rr<sb<oii&tf. 

fflffillLJ U&r$l @£iJ-<o^«5F<55@5« G) d5 (5l)S0 /T LD [BfTGVnruSlfTLD gDtUiruSlfJLD 

G&LL&lprrfr&m. tymrjgjw &rrluuL„QSl<sb<s$)<sv. mLDGorruL^frlGG 9(75 
ufii&6rrrr ^)(75<sS)/d^/. &mijGiL]iT[jLD, uG<sv Q&rr(g)&rT<ssr £g)L__ii>, 
^(n)f£@rr6giLD c3//5£ ^3)l-<£@<so ^)©«« CS(5U<SMr(S)Lb. GpiUrTUDGO 
<95L.<rf><95/T/p/p/. ^(TjuisdSLb l/(S^u^ G&nC-L-Lb, ^jmQ<mfT(§ 
£j<s<55^S5)<rf) Gurr&n.Lp, urr&(3j, GgskrGinGsr, ld/t, ubn^}<smm t 
<oT <spt i£}&m& 9 UGvrr, «sldsd/t (Lp&<sSliu i£>rjm&dil<s® uLprij&m 

u&&£5$£l<afo$L-iT&LD; Lnrjm&<s$Q<oO<sb<son ld m[(gT)&6b; a-LL&rrrj<ori£j(§ 

UlT!T&i£5fT60LD <9 : 6i;6?)'&/<£<£6l) GlL65)L-&6ft; <oTrEd(8jLD L£>6m<SV &65>fj; 

ojiu^fTism ©Lp(5ii/Td5(g5«(gicg^iL_ ^j§)<sb 5^4- (^mofrujrTL-GGijGm® 
Q«95/r(5)^65/ o5)®<sii/TOT. Q$n$>n& gij $§$(§<&£) p§j. r&LD(ip<ssu-iu 

anrBGSTIT(Lp&LDLD$l ^)(5«S)/D/T <S5T&<S0 6)JfT; <£>jQJ<m 

^){b(Duugg)/gg>L-CL/ urii&mrr f^)gj. ^Guem rBnm&uutLL^®$rg>$€b 
&uu<sb oSliurrufTifl; ^j§j ^/cug)/«(5 |§)<solL£)iu<3ld £g)<a>o)Q>. 

*a)U<£@6l) £lL^^L-CU/T U). ■£§)£/■ S)<S3)L_^qS)®LD/T537/T<SI? /£a>ft) 

^a&rfiDOTibs- (ipL_<si/<sSr QarTLDLj£5 G<^gp/«@ ^(sm&uuC-L-. 

LDiT$£)rrl&iT<m. 



180 GiDm&fT 

Q€U€m(S)GiD? 

^rruDn:- <^Q@(5V<svrTLD (spmrryLD G<5U6mL-fTLD. ^i<5ii &£]&(§ 

£g)/5<5 smiflm ®Sl(ss)®jGiurbfpLD Glpfiujrrgi. g)js/ udtasflGtjmr 
L~rTu$!J$gi4i(§ Gmd) Gurr&rrG&mru rsrT<sbr ^(su^js;^ 

G<iM<om($\LDrrmrr^]LD ^pp siS^^i® Qjrrr£i£l& Q&rr($$g] 
oSl-oj/tlo. r5n$ir67m&G& Gsii<sw(J)S)LDOT0/ G&rrmGsmGb, <^/<si/<sot 
sTor«(g ^rr<amL-.rru$}ij& m&rB&igu ^urfib (§Gvp$gj <sfil($)<sijrrm. 
ototot Q&ihQp§i? r5LD(Lp<5m-iu grrigfidrjLD an&uSld) u<omL6l<sb<s$)(S». 
<smr5miT(Lp&LDLb&tf Q&n®$$®DturruS\rj(LpLD <oT<sh®sfl i—LD u<si](5vr&<ofm& 
g)(75«g)(DJ5/. $<m^tb pirwrTuSI[r$m$!5&irWJ Z§ UfTilj G®j<sm($)LD. 
^/^/rojjy ^)mmLD 300-u^m^m G&ir&gj 6T6V<sorr<siitp<5V)ipiLiLD 
u<si$6wr&mrr&& &<sv&(ooQojdT{r)j Q^smLu^csrrT&) LDfj&arrujdr LD(tnj&m 
&rr&&®sxon& «<sot@ ojrrGmiuu iSlsmliuirdr. [Bitld uiii&GnrrGS)®] 

61 u 45:- ^uui4.ujnmfT(ob urhj&<snn £g) (/5 u £5) <?sr n a5) rj ld 

aprruDnr:- $ «^y/s/gj <su/5js/ ^PP®^ §J ®r> Lp ®J rr iu n mrr <sb , 

LDfT&S^tjLD ^jijmr® GuilLq.a(8j® &LLiq.&Qarr<sir(§rF)LD. LDppu 
^)£_£i) G<surrjj ^lQ5®^Pitf- P^ld GurrQ)LD (Lp&d) usmGm /5/1 @y 

GsnriDanmb:- (3<95/tl_/tq5)<£ <£/p/£J L^rjrrGfc urhi&mrrG&oju 
urrfruurrm(T®n~fT6b G^<sm @uj_^^ nnflanujuGuiTGD LDiuiijSl^!— 

LD/rL_L_/T<SOT7T? 



i3&®n&Qiu(i)i$£§i Qu(§LO!r<sir; i3$rii£l$§mfp§i ^gj/io/r /h 181 

dFrncm- ^umu u<m®sftfj<smL-.rTiSlrjLD Qair ($)uugir<ssrrT <sb g_on 
Gui¥l<sb ojrrrijaSi &<5V)L-u5l<sb<s$><sv. <oT6hGuif)d) <surnij&)mrr<sti 

&rTifliu[5&rrm. ^juGurrgi j§) i&.Q fjmiipj ersk Guiflob £g)QJ6ii<syr6i/ 
Quitluj umi&mnontoi] <surr tis&lmn'GO Guprr&&rr uSl &$G*b&u 
u®<sunrm. 0Giu <su(T{ii&\6mt£rr& ^j(^^lLQ)ld. <s>j8i)<5v $ <oTr£j&<s$)<sjrr 
^jGUfTLDfr^ (gjLq-<s$)Gmju$rT<3b ^){vj5«s565il©a). G<sug)j &<sS\uirr(smw 

<nM&$>n)®S)L-UJ§i (oTGktf)} Q&rr<sb<sSl& Gsurm^Lo ui^&^ld 
Qjijrr&<9 : rTL8uS}L-LD Q^/f)<a5)<£c95/r<5i> s ^j<sum , &[bG&&uul-. ubmLL^nm. 
[5L-&& r5L—&& GldGgv Giurr&mosT Gl&iu&tf Qarr<sfrG<surrijD. 

®mmwmw:- (&$&§]& Gaircm®) G^niLi—LD 

r£)<S$)<S08i8i<sb<SV6UIT Qg<tt6ttlhl5lfflttffl€toM&&G6U6fo(j))LD. (Lpg<oS)(Sb 

umrLD GGu<sm@iGi£>. ^jsmmiLD (Lp gffrgrs/r/n/ LA^&m 'air<sfr 
G <si/<otx_ rr ld it? ^/<9>/D@ lurrif <s^LLi^.<sb &<sbrmLD GnGU&Silip&jj? 

«yrruDrn- Q<M<srr<ss)6rriULJum ^(f^^fKsb^rrm <oT<5V<svnih. 
®)(sb<sorr<s3L-L-(T<5V &(nj&&m[f&(nj<&&66)[rQuj<ttrrp] G&nobeSI Goj^jld 
suit ®s)iu& &ULSl&Q&rr <smi$.(nj&& G<su<smu}.vj§jt5rr<ffi. 

<5iU(T5s- (&$&>! Giurr&mGtir G&uj&tprrm) &(?l. <3i<s$)&>Giu 
(Lpu^^§j(sS\Q\. LR(&,§$uu<smLD nsnfsk $(§®iQpm. suosrm^ 300 
uQL]6Zra<snrr&G6v &(nj&iGpm. ^mmp<&G& ^^^iuu^^,§! 
Lbij&&rTUj<5is)m <suij<su®s)Lpt5&ii r5rr<o5)ffl&(&>Li u^^u^gs)^ (Lpu^^^i 

rgj®S)&8> Q&lT<Sm®GUrE& i j <5T<sbT<5vFil—LD QcS5/r(J). 

«^itidus- <9F/fl, u<smL8(n)$$r[<sb. 9(5 GfBiru^uS)<sb (LpL^^^i 
(sSl(j)\&iG{pm. <3l<su<sm G&iruL&GurjGhr; ^jmGm GuyribrrLL-L~r[<ohr. $nm 
Grsiflcb Gurnu ^rzjG&Guj u^^iij^<ss)^ (^ij^$§j<&G&rT<sm(£) 
<suijG<su<om($\LD. /§ ^juGufT^j U6m$<ss)g& G&rr (jf) <g<g iropiLo^ fBrr<sk 
^)<sbr(]pL] rrrrgSilifl GuduSIoSIgo Gurnu /35/r<ss)<@raG<s5 &rnfltu&<ss>& 



182 GiDm&rr 

(^u$.&&tf&Q&iT€m($ $rr<ss)<Sfr ld^}^<o^ld u@S$[rd5&tfL~<s&r Gupgj 
(s£l(^^Gpm- <simpnh. 

&fQ£J5§} £-<ztiQ®T Gurnug g><o$i§i £g) ®n *~ «SI d) G&orKsoa&m 
LompSig]& miLis^S? Q^f7fhJ^o51iLi4.(§^ usijm qplL<s?$)L-(o5)iu 

<5T@^g/« Q&fT(5m($) Q®J6$U$l6b QJ[5£rTGT. "^g)<3<£/7 ^)©«S)/7)^/ 

GTGbrrprr&r. 

aFrru>rr:- (^&&i?Iuj llqs)U.j^§j) Qu(§^,G^<oS\uSl(^r &ubir$§j 

tti/T(5^@ GU(§LD? ^)^65«3)5W QJ (/J €1$ LD H « /5/7 637 £) (S <S37<£ U) /7 

«/tl1l^« G&rrdrefrGsij ^Jojg&goGuj! 

u&<sb ^oj^L-sfa &*.l-G<5ij ^<TF)a§dGp<sbT. £^)(Sing <oT<ovr&G& 
&iril-L--®S)d)(o$)6vGuj! sq&&n@ir L£>&n Q&lLuj.& ^nifliuL-nr &irLLrr! 

&"iwwtrt- <& uf- Qu0^G^oSl! ^Q&><skrm LH^irLDumfjmii 
®Drr®)LLiT? ^)<si)<si?/TQ5!LLL_rr(oU r£lggLnrT<5$r &rij&§$iurT? G&rTwmLD! 

Qeiisy55iiS!(si) Q^n<sm(^)Qj(f^iDuis^ /5/707 Q&djG&<skr uirrr^niurr? 
^gjojmm oSIl-. fBnr<sk Q&LLisj-&&rrfj<o8fld)<o5)<soiuiT ? -(sy<stfr/p/ <sf^G^[tq^ 

<gj €11 ®S1 (H) Qu<5mi£L({JjLD Qu(5LDS)tp<#^) £)<£/7 (SW® 

«mcm- uiij&mn-$Slff)(gju Gu.frm^L-<sii 3i<s€liurf€m'^€m^iLjLB 
(LpLq.&§ti6$L^Qm<sm®LD. Qu€m<s^<sk^Lbw{Tmr(^mq oj^/tG/t, 

(tpiq~^§!<sS\®GmrriD. ^i^ip^m ®Jijrr'&&mjSI<smuS : 



l3&mdQlU®^§lQu((!)LD[TM; L5)®/E/S)^<sir/7)^/^/@/lD/T/T. 183 

<StU<J5S- Gurr&tfLDUUrT! (Lp<okL] Gl£><5VT&U<5G)61I K £l<S5)Lp$8)l 

®j([H&)fp&p& IT < 9I > c^/<si/<sir LD®rr$5}<ob ^on&Gsyuj s_OTun" <®&)G> ggtit ld, 
^f^j ^JL/Gu/rf ^u^^ndj (±pL%.r5&&jj. &>6gxsogli<sS\ Gurr&$ 

@(75®a/rf) 61i/5^JS/. ^cii@/«g5 ^juQufr§j ^SU^GS)L^iU 

■<o$)LJ&§$iu(Slo Qu(nj£& €^u^^}ujLDrriju LS\iq-§^&Q&rr<smL-.&j t }. 

®)LjGurr^} ^<&r><95 LonipiipjGy&jj & Lq.6mjD rr iu ^)(5«(gQi£)<oSr < gi/ 

dpnriJDnr:- /5/700 Li§juufBJ^mfT(oS\p(^u Gurronrrso a^u^iu 
&&&\rjw <sj®j®r>m& &i?Iliu®£$g3l-.®)!tld. r&rrm ^evrgy 
ijrr^^lfflGuj Guniu& &rfffliu£mg (jpi^^dj/ eSl($\SlQfpm. 

Gupira&rr uSltoinuj rsnih ^juGuu^j Q qj ®ffi u% <sb sy^&uura 

oj^SlGpm- (ofmgjj Q<j/T(51?qS]<s)5)l1(J) uajonGvr <ot(§\&§ju onuuSJp 

<3u/Tl1®<£ S)c95/7(5W(5) Qojm(SfrlUUfT^!J^s6 £§)(5/5<55 £F<o2r>£_<55<Sff><Syr 

GUuSltprfilGb GujtlL® r£lmp$§]aQanmr® (spiLnuiru /5<s?n*_/£f_/5j5/ 
<$/f£jd c^/^cszdot <s>j(Ff)®$[i]&m urrQ)!LiLLL-£(p(§& &*<sS) ^irsg ^Lpm^j 
r$rrL-&<ofilG<si)£rTm ffi<^L_^^Q<5<ssr/£l/ ^(S^osr^gju Gu(0<sugs)^ 
Qarr<5m® gLDGftUb ubpfB&tf ^ld§i <si?@ Q&<oirprTfT. 

u<5m&&rT[njrT uj g3iLl-<o$)& &>m§j LDmmsSl dSmn lL@}uSIl-.ld 
G&fTGVGVGijLD, u 6l{ €V)<5$rG iu &<smL-ri)liun&> ^^(^5^© ^gB^Gnm 

UGll<5Vr&65)6mLILD atf iLl—GLf LD Qu'(flgjLD ^GUGU Qs /7 668TL-IT /t, 
<S>j61J(rF)<oV)L-UJ «L. ©«"65 L. /5/ «/T- c^^@/7^^<Sl? ,& €U offi L- LD 

<9kUL5)i_o/ii mmLD Q'urrn)]a& <s>5)6i)63)<su; gfTyp<swTpr&§$<sb fglsbrip 

&60ULnrriUg§JI&^&Q&lT<ofa(§) ^<Snp&(§GfrGu!TlU<^ll.L-.rTIT. 



\*S \'/ V'/ N»/ 1 V»/ 

•Tv "T" "!" 'K "«*" 



9(5 Quftliu iStrjLi<sSldi ^&®rjrr&m$$<5k %p r&anL-Guipfpgi.- 
&fT(?liu$rrig)ujnr&}iu St&LDurjmibajrr $ld§} Gkj<so&&p$$<sb ^f5§iu 
u$$ti\m& Qtunmmp m<M$§}8>Q&n€miq„(rF>r&&>fTrr. Qun&§l<8ty 
^fTfjrjiTGsr &Gij(smLq-UJLJLJ (Lp^tsSlujrrir &LD(Lp<s5)L-tLi <s3>«ttS)<aS)<75j5<£ 
Q&fT$ ®pmj(§a6S)Grr& &<sm&(#>u unfrt£§}$ $Gssfl&Gs>& 
Q&iu^Q&rr<smLq-(njr5&rriT. < gim&g>§$®n$rr.®ST &rr uurr C® 
rfrros>iDUjfBJ^fTfi LD<o®sr GtBrT<5mtq-<smu& meSl^^Gun^] ^(^<smQ\ 

Guffi&Q&rT€mu^(rijr5&!7iT. gauurnl® Gojmsn&m r$ro&, uopp 
G€ymm&Q<srr(sb<5vnrLD ^eurr&m Fsrr<sv6U(ri)LD <£{$&>&> 
fglmranmrvSlGGvGuj &>rf^muuQ\Gun fr&<sh. QgDfrLDrr®$fliu[fldr 
3RS537(off)£__» ^prT®Drrr£j& oSlo^ujt&i&m (Lp^(s6liUQjp(o^!piqLD, smrr 
6ULDL]a<s$)<5rriqLD Gu&l, ^ip/5^5 Giurr&<SG)6m&®s)ffl& : Q&iugi, 

f£<skpiTu5)(ri)&(& ) LD" Grmrgj GiAW^arr fil&<sftl6$r &n rf)iurii<3S€ffl<sb 

Q&tu&jj Q&K<smu}-(rifjLJU(T. ^//5^^ &(ij&{5^Gnft\m &rrf?!tULD 
^ldidlLGl-FtQ) r£)ip&G&!6V®r><°0. <g>j<sijrra<srr ^\$&>g> Q^(^<^sxsu 9(5 

J5/TL™<95 GLDO)f_IIJ/T65Sl/£i), <=9/<95<S3r <51iL^CU/T«# GWsVgJ/Lb ^<S5OT G) L/ SWT 

UFTGOfrit turrGUG5)[riLiLD r5fTL-.&g$5}GQ iSl rr&mmLorr gjji ./5 l^l « /r-, 



ojttuj y etil §>$(!>$ n"? wrnii&ndi qefH^G^rr? 185 

r$L<L6in&a<sn[T&6iiLD, <55ib<s?r)LD, ^^ r5rri—&<5<s$)gu urrir&>& oj^^jmm 

&65)U G IU /T /7TT<35 61/ £JD LD^I^^I, &fT 65)<SV(Lpg6b LD U <S$)6V <SU <5G) TJ uSl <SV 

Q&rrfr<sfi}mr{)l <£ji5& ^®sru&rn_Drrosi G <sv <ss) <sv uSl <sb ^.<ss)Lp^^j 
toj/B&Gsrfr. ^uQurr®$>$& &uGun&n S)<si/<sy5?6L//T@Lb /5/r<si/<oi)<95<rir 

(Lp@<oS)lLi (])f[6b&<sfil<5br (gOST (S^nO^lil^GDGfTUUpi^) £_/<£@$<Sff)<35c95<rir 
LD§$ULI<SV)!J <5T(Lp8jJ&®nG0U GufTGO ^)/5<95<£ &®T> U IU rTIT Qg>(§<oS}(T) 

Q&drp <{gd]Q(MrT(nj6V(i])6V)L-UJ guulojld, <g{Lp(§ psmi— 2-Iljijld, 
u(jf)Lb<5k, (5p(Lp&aLD, &pLj (LpgsiSluj iu nr <si/ p gs) p iLj ld , /5 Gir/p /t <$ 
SL /j/t \h&§\ Q&dj£)j f£ffLDrr6$rrij'&i6rr Q<y/r<si)<5$<iQ<95/T<sw(J) Gu^mrir, 
(lp<&£)iuldit& Qu<sm un<svrnf eSI&^iu^G<scGuj <gj6i]it&<m &LDgj 

LjgG$lGinUJlLILD 9 fBnL-l~.^QS)^lLjLD <9fa.lT<o5)LDUJrT&<9 : Q< y@)/ <gS)gg77T. 

s£(/5 rBrrorr i3pu&(sS}<sb> ^ ili p ®r> & u% G ev G iu Qurfl§jLD 
r$iT<smrhjQ&rr<omL-- ^(/5 GliumGUGsr ldl^^od^ gangi «lL^L- 
<ofilrj<oV)GOU urrrf^ <su<om<omLD ^{5$ <^£j_@<si//7£/5)<0*$)csi5r <suLfi}iurT& 
G&Ghpoj&r, $6m<oto<smu5)<sS)(n)!5$> G&rrLDufr ub&n &m u iurr m pr<& 
&<^L^&&<om(5mrr<sb @pQ<SFUJ<svrr&u u rr fr^§}<sS\ lLl_t m. ^<sufr&m 
/5 /t si si/ /fl sal &(nj®s$rrr ai—.n iL&(ipLD ^m l8§j gS) Lp^(f^^<ss)^ ^sudr 
^_<omfr^§j<oSliLL-frm. ^gu(^gs)l^uj QgulL&ld LDGmGvGurrGOu 
QuqT)&\uj§}. Lj£S$ (§lpldlSIqSIlLl-.§]. &gs)<5» &i£Qsrpg t } > (o)<g(/5<si//i>, 
<o8($)&($>ri)LD, "q5)/t" Gfjdrgu ^^mu^^lsb §}<ofTLni3ujg>rT&$ 

Gd5/T53T/75)(53T. S>jy5&& (&>LpUUg$<5b ^ <S1/ (gj <SS> L_ UJ G<5F6V)<5V <Sp (g L/ p LD 

Qf5S)Lp^§j QrB®^gJlULD LSIgrtufTsssrLD Q&mp§i. g>m<so {j£)mQ<ssrrr(nj 

U&&LDrT&&> $(Tl)LDL$$ $<o$T§} GWglT QST£&®S)g> <sS\tL®U GufTmgj. 

&rr (Si) <35<syt i3di®srp G&rT<svrr i!l_ld GurnLi—Gm. ^««(syjii, 
gSIvgo&^ld as) ®j tu nr tsfil urriu$$m. <5jQLpil($\ <si?@«@5«@ 
<S>luurT<sSl(njr5g, g>di 6fo.<J) 9(5 «^65 gu ifl ornu ls Qurr<so£5 
Ggrr'ebrtjSliugi. <£i®n$ <nuuLq-&Gurriu#G&!juGuiT&GpiTQw<oMgy 
&6Li6$)<s» Q&rr<5m($) GGu&LDrrtu r5L-$$rrm. $<zi5)<sQuS\m ^lLl^ld 
*£/i§)6srf?<5<S5g5/. dV/5^ <s>j®J&!j& G&rr <sog>6$)&>& &mri- di&Bjrmrariir 
mmmm&mmipmw iSldies^sw ^wuffmwmmjj urrit&gi .uifl&fT&LD(T&& 
&<sm@\i£\il.UL, "^Gl-^Gl. urr^L-fr Gg>rraG&, s_L_ii>L/ gtuuul 
Qr5<riiltq<sv)$turTt &rr<sb lj,lQuS)G<5vGuj $&&<&<sS1Guj! ^{Gl- 



186 GLD<SWc9S/T 

Q&m<5misLUJUurT! ®>dr s*$§tun g^a/suara/ GgDrr&arr 
r&L-uurrmrr un^i-nT Grmgy ^^&> upeu&LD <2t<stoL-$$Gupnibii 
s^^lcsrrrfT. ^®s)$& G&lLl- g}&LDU!JGS)LAiurr, "^/Ol- luuurr 
<s>/r«a/r, 'W Ofjmip L/^e^mesr ^uun L^rrdr^j &lLul& 
QekrL^rrmiTLD" $T<sir@] &nuumL® p(rmLbiur£j&rr<s$)fxu unfr&>gi& 
<5><om®$)6m& ff\iBiLiq-, /5 /r <su rr <su Gptr lLqs)u.u$) lLl_.it rr. 
x g>l&r<ssr&&rTGUUL\urr i3m<s$)m, "^Gl. $&ldu!Jld! $ <oJuGufr§jLD 
g><sw (§&jLD®mj wnr^ULD gSIl^ld[jiLl,(tQuj? &rruurrLL($) jjniLm 
Q$£i<siiQLDdr£j (g^@ ££%«%> rr<sk &gu&)j&<§ld <s>jgiJ(^&(§ld 

67<S&T<5STL-IT (LOUL&&U GufTL-Gfp? ^<SmL-!T & Tf U U /7 ll (gl !J[T LD H / 

^y*niB ^©L-fT ^i§i? $($lL($)lj uiuG<sof Q &&$&>&& Q&rr<axsSI 

^os)^ G&lLl„ gjiunharrfr, cc ^/Gl_/ <^Su ^i&wurjw! 

&F&Qa<s&rjr)i <o7<sZrQm& G&lL£i$G iul.it? <^<3l_ GTm^miLirr 
^Lipih un&QGrj? ^(Sl ^mm^frojist! ^)si/rfr Qurriuj opiLuJ» 

&rrrj€mL-rrr Gronpnfr. 

$7OTeS5@<5 Q&rr)iurrguLJiT! <<nm&> dUL.®^ u&&$gi®8iLuLG<so £§)gl/ 
j§)Q5«<95nr. <m§l&n®n Q&(fitqLo; uG<sv <%l& n l£I lu m ld ; 

^/j5<§> <gjLDLDiT<sh §>m &n<sS\m Qodm<sft\ G\lllLisl aLpdrfpj 
ufT®n@u$i<sb tofi)(Lgr5@<s$)@tLiLb €r(i)\&&rr ld<sv Q&&Qt£&r 
L9mLp^G^Q<ommg)j si?®CSu/ri£i<# (3 &n$$rTGrr. LD&rr 
&<s®uGiurr (§&(£) (Lpmmrrd) ^uGun^j G<sunpj <sivS$r? Q^(f^o5](sb 
g>L-${&rrm. .&nm®t& «rran^LurfiiOTSsjsii» "<gn§}GurT6mrTuGurr®q§} 
&i§f]jG@; ^)<s?n^u urr(ri)L-!T mmm gjg?/<£(§? <oT<oir<o3r ^@5«(5? 
^)/5d5^ $(fj)<M<sh<o3&G&<5®$u u<^/E/d5@5«(5^^/T(rfr £g)/5<9s<£ 
GgoSIuLiurr f&rriLisLiu Qw<sb6orrLn ^(f^i—ir &&&)]<& (§($i&&!prnii&?- 



ojitiij Lj<sfil$$G$(T? LDrrr£j&nriu q<ofil^G^ir? 187 

<5T®sr<m &mr<smrruL! <oi<smm sundjGojil.®! ^p&u LftgeiJ (sSIgo^j 

<oTLD.<M>iT. £)• fTttS)(Sl) <S5)<95<95/7ilo?- LD [T LD G U fT (SD ®S)&&ITll.UL 

^]QLpaQ§jL-rr" GTskfprrfr. 

^uGun§j ,*a|OTrijiiiJiJU dp^eSwrriT £) j/i/(§<s><s5><s*7<£ 

j3)(7££ GciimmLDfT^LDUisL o5?L_/TLjDa) G&rrifirBg] $&&<oh 
^QS)Lpuq<sfil QurrLL($iLD!T$Gn$ ^®s)Lpuu§iGurr<sv& Q<5Frr$f5& 
&&$fgl6snTG) grrGm @/r>/5^/ Q&fT€mL- <surruSl(sS)(§[sgj GldGgo 
(suul^ ^mu(j<9 : &<as)&& gj®nL-&aaiLD LomLaprug &ld§j 
Ggu<oS)gv<5S)Uju urrfrts&rrfr. 

$&LDU\jos)LDiufr, u ^)siisrr <y/fl*u/r ^/D^ iL.c/5)/jzi j§)®<£ 
SlprrGm; ^jojdr l/^^ot ^jfjmrGL^ (Lpa&rrw <shlsl s^ujfj^rrGm 
^($&£iprrm. g)<5ii(sy5^L_ii/ &rrtgl<ob vgrrojgj fj&ffiujLD 
Q&rT<sb<svG<M<sm®LDrr<ssrrT <sjmsfl oj&m <5j$ £§) a/ (gyj <ar> i_ iu 
G$n-<shGu>G<s»^GiJ<mzL.LL&rri7p^Q 
x<svx<5oQ ojdr^j g>rrGw §\fr\&§}&Q&n <smL.n /r. 

ldc#*(3ld(pcsd 6j$rT#&LD #rrLDrr&r <5i®^Siit)§i^@ GsvGp <sj<smi 
G$<m®juS\<sb<soL-.n! ^®jQ<zfr& &lIul&®iLl~-<sii^1&(& > <m§i 9® 
Gorrumri—ir! <5j<s®sfl airrr£i& G6U<smi±iu§$Gb<s$)<so - GTmvprrij. 

^HjGurrgj <£igi&n.<svLDrruj (LpuL.[5$gi. ^<5S)®J&<sfil<oh 2-$oSlujrrd> 
^!<SLi<srr 8&®[Jld ^uurr<sb Gurriu<s£lLLu.<ss)LDiLirT<5b, ^sufr&GifTgj 

^^dr i5)p@ Q&(§<s3<sv <a//565<si/«s5f 9® ^mrLSlmmm. 
&<s5)uGturrrrl<ssr ld@ul/<^/j<s*><ul/ Slup/i urr&gliuLD ^<si/©/«0 

<9fdrar*arraiipuirr rildreoai:- ^/(Sl_/ GprrpglLKsmuujrr! 



188 GtDm®rr 

^]G^rfGuupuGm y ^$j£umu$§$iiu$§i&<9)iD ^swigjzi) 
G&rrnz&LDiTL-rr? - Grmrprrrr. ^Gufr ^6b<s5i<svQuj6krprrfr; 2_L_(3<ajr 

G®j£$)6V G&ij&)fprr6vr? *&igi£5rr<sir Q&[fliu<sbG<sv! . 

(oT(oSlojn<c^)(Si)LjGu!J<5v (^uj.lSJiljld, G^iT6gii?l&& : G&rrifl LDrr^ifl 
s_L.iiL/LO G&nrLDrr<ofi} rSH{fi® ®J\$8lip3>uun! Grmprrfr. 

OTTuuml® rfmmwmmmmiit- ^guot Qu6mi^nrLLiq.onuj /f /5/65 
unrggi ^l<A<ss)<soGiu! Slsfi SiefH ^rrm. n>Lf<sir &&m ®r>&u51G<sv ulosku 

«/TLDtb <oTmu<o$)t5uGurr(5V, @(5lL(J) r5rrdj&(&> (LpQ-g@ Ggrii&rriLi 

<simgtl ^jfj&Ln s£(££@ld Lj/jj. <5far&<o$rrrrr. 0-L-G<s$r Sd&LDupr&nwujfr, 
Qu<smL-rriLtq-iurnb ®S)®QJ!T<orm! <gj®j uG<so65)&&rrrflujrT3 : G& : ! ^§j 

£(Q&IT^ITLDfriTLLLq-lU!T<s3LLiq-G<SD GllLKSVSVfTLh Gib^tf LDfT L-rT&G&f 
SUlTsb. ^(&G<^ LD§>)&&a<9h i .L-. < Sy6}J Gu&p<o{))6bGS)6DGlLj" <5T<ffltf)iTrr. 

Q&ifliurr& &[£i&§>1 LDrr§>)rr! Q&ijGb6gjrr)fij&G<5fT. ^(^^rr^^G^v ^(75 
LDjjrrLL.i%.ujQS)®tt <si/#^)(5«S)@/ ^(/5 'sua^&ubfT ^j<su<sir S)lLl. 
QjrjLD[TL-GL-.mmrrGnrTGLD! <s>]Qj£F>rrGmL-rr? c£//5<3> Lnrr&&mum 
sshlL($)Ggo a<mr&Q&(grij£fp unr uurr rru ortuium . ^jtld/t 
^)(n}&&)prrG<m; <gf<sup$rrG<ssTL-.rr £§)/%£ <*urm&&rriB <gj&&rr<s8)GmqLD 

£_L_(3<S37 @ <S5 LD L/ 7J<S3)IJQ (U /7, "QwfT&^G$)£U U !7 (77j L_ /T / 

OPGmiriD Gum)§! uoirS^nJ. ^tQj ldit&ld uiLu^e^fJ ^qi)$g><sijQ$r 
(3i_//7(su ^(n}&&rT<mrL_iT! si/asgsb G <sv &n <sv u5l G <sd Q&rr^&jj&G& 
$rrmiD GurrG<so ^)(5«@^/. OzdOso ^/«araf? |§)<oU<an6D. £g)(J)UL/<£ 



un0L^.fT GrdriprnT. 

(2)/5<g <s>l<fflQST&&rr®LiLq- &<o$)UuS)miT &nh}&m§j 
Qjw&&uuLq-uGu&&Q&rr<sm(3L-. ^(nja&il.($)LD. $®sfl<o5)LbuSltj) 

Q&<5V6g]LD $103}} 6U[Trr&&rTL£l<QBULJL] l$QtfUir)tf)) r5(T(Lf)LD Gj&sbGoLlITLD. 

a fsj <ss (55 <o5) i__ iu <sy&&nr<si?rl<5&r ^u^^p6iim}&6$)<sn<5 : &Q&& 

LDfTL-L-fT&)<S)J(^T(Tdj 6$ iLm L-<ofil C-® Q QJ G® U U C L_ OJffn^SFfT i£l 

ufjG^Giun ^jGVGVgj <omjg&$uj&&rT ijG<5sm Gojmrru &nmsrGu'rrn 
£\m®$r<9b(8)L£> -su^ssrsmib GmujLpLDpfB&ii G&irft qj 65)l_ /5J5/ 6i^^qs)<es iu 

arrifluj « /t /jsm /i/cS^ii ^dri^l Q&,(^^Q^(^GUfTih <3i<sis)6or&§! 
^iffl^ndi. Q<stf)rriLL-<sS\<sb &rruiS) ^i(f^^u G>urnsu&rruji& <9k/$ 

<Sl//5c9><ol/OT GoypfT L-L-6V)6ViqLD LD p [5 &S IT m; «5 /T U iSl 66) UJ ILj LD 

iop /5^ rr<sh. mm&wn^m imiunrdbri^u^^eroorirflar &uj-&>rii&6fii<a) 

iS)®/5^ Q&rripaGm ^)w<sw"(£pii ^i®j6g)]<$v)L„uj Q&<sfil&<ofil6b 
6£<s£\ {£&>}& Q&rr6mLq-Q])fB&i6?n-. ^<Mfpr$6Sl(njr&§j ssissrit^^ 

QSlQ$lUrij&6$)<ofr, &6JT65)I6?S)1—IU LD 6m£)§$6S\ (!])$§} 6fi]<SV&(&}QJgir)(8j 
^QJ6k 6T6LlQJ6rr<5l] (LplUmnpJLD *£JLD (LptUiT)@) U<5^1^LDfT<SS<5)Sld)6S)6V. 

G&itlduit uD&i7&6Z)Uu5}<5$r Q&6nrj6u ^ r£j&&>§?!6miTamn m rBirsvGurr 
Lbm&tfa^LD (oTOjtsunrgu s^pj&Tpjuun^ G<sii€is)(5vQ&rij{B6$rGQjn 
^6F><sij&<sfil<og]LD c^/@c$ 2Mi&>&&>G8 > rT(})\ 6utjn &&rr lB uSlm LD<m&rf 

GqJ<5$)60 G&lUggl. 14P^6S\(§^§I FT'&GO&m &l<ofrLDL}8b<SG)6l)uGurr6l) 
^GlKSm LD6$T$£l6b <H (W U g 8$ (J GffiT (jj) Q 6U 61T <ofT LD $ 6$) 6ST 6lj & 6YT 

®jP-itldlS!J!T^jqdl-.uj (oiirrmpGtt&Gvfliufei&GGymu GufKSV^Gasrrmn^l 
r ^j p fruuft\g>&>®sT. "G&! 6T6W6W&L^&w!^&r£]&u5}£$gi!LD <s>j&r£]&)iLJLD; 
^urr&$§i>)60LD ^urr&LD! ^6®& 6JG® ^^ airgirip G&lLGl-gZt? 
rg\®s)m&(§LD GurrGg <stot G&>&ld (gjdrrSlu GunSlpG^t ldostld 

3*L&£l!pG$! G&OJ6VLD ^Lfl®Sl§}JLD £g) L$l QlJ ! &n.£&ni4.LI 
UlU6gJ6G)L-lU aUj-gLD 6ldTU§} <3FlflujfJ liU GufTlb6S\lLL^§i. ^jOJm 

gjsroni 6rrEjG& Gurr^LD? gvlL&ld ^mr£i&(£$&Qa§?l(fl6b, 
LDrrasniiG&L-L- arrr?lujrEdam<M& Q&\U£lfp £L.6mfr&@\u5\<sb6orr 
LDl(nj&ULiuj6b <ss£$-<95<j5JJ5)<so 6T6G){5$i5n®n <oT(Lg@LDfT LLL-rrm? LDirmw 
QtojiL&L6 &<om<ois$fliuLD (Lpg>®Sluj<oii!r)6$)rD ^mL-tu uD®sfl&<svr £g)/5<5« 

&L%.$^65)3>& 65)&IUIT6£JLD Gl&IT /_LD/7 iLL^fTOSf. UITIT$$ <56Wr<SB)6OT7U/zi 



190 QiD®$r&rT 

g><mr<o®$!fr gSIlL® <s>j<svLDL]GijrT<sbr. gigsigst ctw ^//T£ju/t«S)il/u) 
FF&Gurjrr! £g)^<95 JS/^i-. (Lfi^sm^L^ ^ifi^§jGurr<m ^(sku^G^rr® 
^mmmoSlil® si5)i_<s^,L„/T^yT?^/si/syr iurr ($<&(§ Grrmm ®$J$$G?)<sb 

Lb!T&$[filUIT<5$r <cT6kQ<oGT<5Vr65)lp&(§LD <gj j-fi IU IT & ^j <oU LD fT m LD 

QufTQj<xS) Qiu($i£&rTdj G^ujguGld? <sT6k<sqr O^otudu) 
GT($\8>Q{S<sbr! ^i®s)$& &rTL-Lq-Q2i'LD £jD£rfta>@/«(gj 2-<5mL-.rraa &^.uf.uj 
s^jmuLD G>Qjrru<5mL-rr ? Q$if)iurr@ g,m&>&!i<mrT<sb L/<sD<si//7#<syr 
&ffl&&$fj& Q&rrQ)<5V)MGiLJ <5T<sb<svrTGiipr$§2iLD Q&fTU}.Q&mpmif. 
GTGOGvn <^6tyiurhja<5$)<srriLiLD [B<obrprruJ& Q&rr<sm<m Qurr iuurr 
GwuLflu LjGVOjrjrTm- ^(f^Gum^Guif <£n.L_ £g)/5£ <si5)<sif uj^^ksc 
JBGUfjSlu Qurr tusSliLi—rTir. ^/<su/f, "£g)<0$fl<s3)LDo5) osflmmrrg 
^jiufrQ^o^l Gsfl<sbrG8)LDti5l osfldKs^wGiu uSlG&mrT^&j] ermpnif. 
L^GGOir&gSdGV grflgG£}rj& Q&nr(£\<o5)LnGuj <n<sb(oOiTg^<omurii&<^6gjLD 

QufHQ^,mpflfl. <gJ6l](nj®DL-.lU LD6$)6$r®Si /5 (SUSU U$<$S\fJ65){£UJfT 
llS\{[^^§j<oSL-L.QDLbaJfTGb 9 4% ffl g> §?l [T & Q & IT (£) 6$) LD Q IU fT rfr (p /J) 

<Sil6Li(§&(&>u Qufil$niuuGuntij<sfi\LL.L-§i. ^6ufrQ&frpuu\- /5£-«& 
G<5u<5mQ)Q LDmtru , $/t<si5)lLl_ uonLpuj &rrg,g>QS)tB ®Sl@)fr5la O^/rsw© 
<s3&r$68Trrm<5V6VQjrT ? unr§?l<& Sltsm^j <su sm \j ufil <sb ^](Lpgg 
un$$£lrjg>mcB> <s*jglht g>m<o5)m& &^uiS}LlL-®nLDUjrT6b, ^uuls^Giu 
eS\tL(S\(S)j^nsn<sb(so(sufT; <^/<5U(75<£@ cSV/5^5 ^§)si/ udrruLjy ^i<oU<sh 
&nr@fTrj<omLDiT& $)pJ5£5 GurrGg, 

" ^iLq^S)n) SiosfliurrGm! <3j<sirL](sm—LurrGm! 
uuj-G&rrp pojprrtB uirsumii! <syuj-Qj(jiijLq-LJ 

iSIsirgfffhjS} (ip<skQ6$T(LgLD GuongGiu! GunS^Giurr? 
<ST6$rnrLfir£j(8j Qldqst& 6®sflprrr? " 

toTGsrjr)] gu rr u5) 6gj ih <sii u$l p $1 6gj ld ^u}.£^&Q&(T(smQ) <31(Lg$ 
ojprrruSlpGpf LDonmoSl ^sy&rT&HT fj<smiDrr&u l/o^gs)^ q5)@<^/l/ 
iS\trl{f>®$)<sou Gurrmp&iiGZrLJLD GsijrifiGbonGo Qiu6bru&n ^tsuo^&t&jtB 
G&rnskpoSlsbGFKSvGiurr? «jj/oj/t LDarrdr. ^^(5^(5^ G^/tot/d 



ojuii L/6>9£<5(p£/r? LDuriimmu qe/H^Q^rr? 191 

<sS\(sb(5S)<soQaj(^TU^! ^&rrgj. <SH<syfr <ssrr<so^^\<sb GLD<s&r&iT&&i(§njLD 9 
u)rriuiT<^u}-UL3m6ft<sn&(^ih ^j.eb<sorres)LDGaj afTfjGmLDir&GorrLD. 
^IQj(§<^(^ <ST$&<o8)6vrGtuiT §ffppnr<5mQ) &(^i(^u iSlm <su$g 
SLDurjfTGiig] ^)<o5)&u up$\& G&rnzkrmn tjn ? ^dxzsxsv; aLDufr 

"sL-<SmQ&rT<smL-ITlf Q[B(<51)&IJD GuiT60<& &6Qlil&lm(T m ^lG0r5J<oft& 

GfojrBgGvr" <5TmrDrTiT. l/ <sv si/ (75 <£ g, ct u G u /r §j w grf}@8?lp-& 
Q&rr(§)<omi)Guj Quq^ij G&rrfyonu) GurTGgjin! ^fjfKSUGmm^ 

@QS)g>U$l65T LD<oST£§)/£)(g ®S)G[J[T$LDrT&, ^61/65X517 gij p q £}]£$£} g & l [fa&)3 : 

Q&mptE>pG& i ^fjn w®s)m& <$/iu/t siifi QS)Qj^^rrG[r! 

<oT<ok6V)l<o$)L^UJ <Sl5)<StylU<gj£)G><Si) £§)/5<5 £§) U '(T <3kty &} G UJ &LDLD$£lggJ 

<g>j<sb<5i)GGLirT airiflajLO t5L-$$ ^)(g«S)fl5/rsfr. ^jrrrrLb'rr lumru) 
^l<o$)$u GurrGO ^j(f$^rr<sb, &lduit uiTLL®uuti($)Gugp(&j (Lp<sir 
grrGw ®Sl(Lgr5§} L/jjswr® ^i(Lg^\q^uurffrl ^Gurr^on Guifld) (&j®np 
Q&rr<5VQjG6sm<? ^<sy/7<£(6Y5£ff>L-UJ Qumr®&m <zpQgrij&rT uSl(§^^j 
<siS)lLl_(^jt/t; ^jljuui. ^iu<svrrG(^rn(^ 6£L_Q$<si<ss)<su, ^j ? 65)&mnr<sv i 
^ojtt&tonja^ £g)/5£5<5 §}6&uQii) uj u <si/ p ifil g# lo Quif)Q^<siru^j 
G£rr<omp<sfil<sb<s5)(sv. <or®j(ri)&(&jLD 8ti(oV>i-.a&rrg £g)/5<£U urra&tujtJD 
<5T<m<&&rT &6$)L-&&G<M6m($}LD'? n>n<sisr (Lposr Q<§D<smLJbraj&6fil<5b 
^Igp&rraGLiiT ^guld Q&djG$<sk? GrmGvr Q®d<5Vtldld Gr@$G$6br! 
fBfTmiS).<sT<sb. 9 uiflCs^^uSld) (3^^6i5?l1(Sl-<^ CTOT/p/ Qurfprr®s)LDU 
ulLl- um<sb&6rr(T! ®jfT(njrRj&mL-,fT Qoj<ofiiu$)<sb; <$& L\^^fi\\un<sm 
ISj-LJU}- &Q(5V&L-(lllj<o5)L-.UJ <s>j Lp&rr6$r Q u<sm<5v><om& &<sS\UJ{T6miJb 

Q&ib§}Q&fT(smQL-.m €iqstqj Quq$ Qp>&& ®Slil.LQ-iT&G<ofr'? 
^uGurrsj] Qu(n)<o8)Ln65)UJ& &6mQ) QufTprr<^s)LDUUL^ gjgOi 

<&(l])<Sl!(njLD 6V[J<sfil(Sb<o5)<SV? £g)/5<£L/ Q UQf)QS)LD<5mU& £)/?$£/ /i) f^fTOS! 

&®£§j&Q&rTm<snrTLDGO ^uuis^Giu Q&rrQ\g>§i ®S}($\&lGp®sT; 



192 GlL<0$T&I7 

turrprruSlegiLb Gurrr£i®&Qxrr<M®3rr&®TrT? q<sbQ<sD<skpnr<sb Girnmiup 
S^puugj, miq-®jrr<sn GiDmprT<sb <sim<ss>iu Qpiq-& G&rrm<siJg]; ^lo; 
^l^l^ndr zl.<so&$&. <stot GgodrmLD ^uui^iurrGsisuGVLD 
L/(ipQ%2/£i> $rrffi[5$$rTdj, iurT<sii[rrrg2jLD <%nrr& a_zi)ip/5,g/ $&GiAdr$} 
<_4p&&<m?i&&& $&&$rriuu Gurr& G<sumr®LD! $)[5&u u&<sb 
QGLi<sffl&&$§$<sb <oidf <s£lLqs)L- <s>5?il@ Q gu <sfil uSl gv <5u$Q$mt 
Loedl&fildr (Lp&&<sv>&u urrnuu$pG& QQjiL&LDnru5)($&£}rpG$! 
CTd)G(SD/T(5£i <ordi<oS)®sru urTit&gju qrjGfil G&djgj GimonGGiin- 
Gu®&Q&rr<srr£)prrrr&G<sfT! oftl^ri) §£© zLp<ss)G»u5)<sb ®Slqgpgi 
QL-&&rrLL<sb zrjdr QGu<ofiluS1<sb aji&Gpm! ^[5®n&> G«/tl1l_/t<5w, 
^^OO© 5 ^ (Lp&<s3iu<oS)®j ^JuoSIgv gnrGm Gou^uSld) 6U(PF>&\<mp®sr. 
<gj68)6u&<g$Gni—uj G^m^si(^LD Gojigj <3iLp&rrm upGftGU&mmu 
iSluf.$gi& G&rr<sm® GurrujGSliLL- £mrr<sb GgulL&u u&®Sl<sb 
Qqjs^l/l/(5)S)/d@(51)^^ Gurfd))qf)3> Slpgi" <5J6mgu u <sv su n gj 
rglantssrpgiu GurflgjLD qj(5/5^)^ gjiuGrj <suLq.<surr uj &$§} 
Gurr&sy&tsfilGb <5T(sb<5vrTLD §]<ti)Lpr5gJ G^skrprrm. ^m^j(^)L_iu 
G&giksv r£l®s)<sD®nLDmuju uprfil r&^GST&^tn GunrG^GVGvnLD, 
<sy®Li<sv)<o$r ^j^lujfTLJDG<FO &<5m6M?fr <su l£I [5$&j] . ^J€S)u.uSle6l([^^ 
€nov^ij^^<5m^(^)(SVLJurrd) &6m&G$)(srr£ §j6$)L-&§]& G&rr<smu.rrm. 
"(§#/ ^QJLDfr<mLD l5I®(£j&>)& tgjdr&lpGgf enGiurr «jy (/££*)« 
GU(!^QpG^! ^/6i^L_« a<sm&G<sn! <5jdr ^juuu^si &<sm<sisifi<s6)[r& 
&[$&jj&)$fr&G[T<? ufT(Lgfii &<om&G@rr! gtott ^lIl^cdO r£l6b<5vnLD<sb 

^(Lg&ltfin&GfTfT? &_/£/<S5(Sy5<95@ G 6U ll.& uti 6V 65) 6V IU [T ? G&OJ6VLD 

c?<swL_f7-^iu/T<55 LDrrpiuGurrm s£(5 gid$Qr>L-.u51dT Gun^il® 
$r5J&m ^LpGvrruDn? ®)®rfl ^(Lg®8fr&6fTrr®srrr6V £-rhj&<5V)(ofT <5T<sb 
m&mrrGV ^(5® <nrp\$§}<sS}Q\ Gojot. Glht§jld r£)<5V(SgjrEj&6h. spGarr! 

^(Lg&)r§fr&Gmnr? $&i&<sh a_ uS) (5 l_ <rir ^©/S^^su <j>//5<£ 
LD&rrurroSlGinuj (j£j6sfl (sruGurr^rruSl^iLO arr<5mGr5([?)GLDrT erdigu 
^K^fflGeuuSifsSlsb &®n[jiqLD u^^lLuj-^dluu GunrGi) (Lpp^^jLo 
firjrrtija «<s3>/j/i@/ (spL^uGun uj<s£Il- $<s$)6m&§>\if)fr&G6niT ? <9b<mr&G(srr! 



airrdj l/<s^^C5^/t? iDum^fiih n®ft\<^§Qt&!r ? 193 
i3^^GS)<mu GufT®ou i3g>p$l& Q&fr<sm($\ §!<s^ip^^ 

PLpil.ut.uj0y ^jy^^U^ <°p6&rGrD $<swfiturrLD<sb ^oj<s^<m ^//E/@ii 
S)/E/@ii ®i1.ul ^\(Lgt&j£§}~ (&$rf}iu<s$)<o$rLJurr fr^§s &<omm)i<k(&} 
o_<sv$QLD[iJ(g)Ln (S<35/TL_nr@/ G&itlsl (s^MujrT&Gm 
Q^fT<sk^j^(SS)<si)LjGuit(so, cgv^g)/^© £-<so$$&!i\u Q Lismu nr <svnr 
iunQj(^GiD Q51u&<9 : rr{fi&®iTrTilj$ Qg>nmr$\6$rrr. ^fig oj^uuitGij 

&<ffl&(&}U QlJ(Jf)LD U<S$)&6)jQ\J6$r £D@^/T<oQT. <5T^Sl(Sb <£I®J6$T§J 

&(sm<mfl<sb uili— ^suQgiut(i$ LDir^iflm oj^gst^^Io^ld <s^<sxjQGUfT(§ 
&<srrm $rruj&6$f <^<sfi\$§jQ&rr<5mi<LQ])r5g>Qn$ <siiprT&&mB Lnn^^)ijGLD 
&mri-n®si. rB<sb<sv Giumojmu Qu6mi&.fr £ld§j Q$iluL<5&TGijrru$}®S)<sb 
rglmfprrGV., Loosflgsrr iS\Gm<k oSliun^l &<smL-. oSCuLp^ 0/5 ©/5 
§ljfj&fi>)p(3) ^uurrp Q<9FGbGii®n@u Gurr<sv, <5T$$fr sSiLutm 

L/<95<55LD/7<95<S1/L£), <3IGllfr&<S5)mU U fT fJfT LD60LD [BL-^IKSir. ^uGufT^J 

Q^(ti}qS)GgvGuj ,j)/(Si;@/«0 er^lifld) (oTgijsjituSI^jjld Gusmi^rr 
<su/5J^q5?l1l_/t<su, <gj<SLi<sbr ®jr5$6)JLfliurr&G<5y ^(^ldlSIsf Q&drf£] 
(5<si/Q/7)/T(5 QgQT)<sfiltr)(gju Gurrmrrdr. <^//s/@ Q&driprr(sb 
<g\®j<sfi\L-.$§$<5b GGuQpn(§ ldjt§} ^rrirtoEJDireiiiuib <ourr&\&§} 
(8juS\(oS)<sou Guitgvu urruta Q<&rr(smuL(n)&&& &6mL-(TGk. "G&! 
d®s)i—&mr[! <orr£]G& GurrmnGgiLD <%(Lp$<5t)@ ^(^a&iffifr&mn*) 
&r£i&$LD <oT<smmG<M<omL^u5)((]j&^!p&i]! Lbrr<smfiiQ^ilL- Q<2®<5vriDGuD! 
/5/7L_c35^@/f)(g^ ^lunfTfTSlpfrGiufT! G ld <sm& nr <si/c£ g> LMTLurrsmuLU 
LSlmmGrr ^sujuilL^rrm. 2L.®sr&Q&[T(nj Guiun^mistuLSlmo^sn 

Si&UU(j)\6lJ[T&t; £)<$<£LD/TcS5 ^g)®,* $L-a<5>lL®LD; /5/T6ST £g)/£<g 

®JDfTfiGLDfT(o$fliu <$6V)&®nm& G&tli—Gg uitojld GTmnpj $65)<s$r$§i, 

G)<?<Sl5)cffi<5yS(5l) QS)&GT)UJ 6S)61J£§J PLp UL&G&fT- <SW@ <S>J®&& 
^<5kQ®STfT(§ QuQf)g>$ Q^(r$QSl<5V §j <SG) Lp $§1 ^j £*> U U U /7 ;<5 LD 

Q&®ffr[)rr<5h. <s>j<sii<s£lL-&&?}<sb Qu<5m<^sfilm<s^^(chs^(5b ^(g&SlrD&jj 

<5T<ohLJ6$)& UbST)^§! ^GXJQS)L.^lf)(gLJ GufTlLJ Q$)llL-.fTm. ^®J<sfr 

Q$®$§nv$&™ toJp&GufTG&, um<sfilS>8^L--Lz <siS®si/55p@ 
LD<s^iuu^a&uuLlL-§]; ^/a/sir £>{$&> <a//7u5?g2/«@ ®j[5&Gurr§j 
£u.air.I-14 



194 GiDGff&fT ■ 

VUirenwnm wL^&m&iun mpifleSI<3!b&l . Ff&tA&m 
ytpuu(S&mQ)uGufTeo&u$LjQajm!pi Q®j<s$uulL($) eSliLt^mir. 

iurreu<3u> u&§i{tp$<sb u$QmiL($) oJiu^flOL^ 
Qu€mun®s)(suiLifj(T&Q@J ^cg^^/r. ^Giiir&dr ^pLjg 

G^<sSmw @\wwi3iLmfruu&> &\<solbi3®stw LiGVihuQ®jr£j(§Lb 9 

€impuiq. Q@(§(Lppf$§2jL0 0mp$$mrr. $i&.Qrr<sw& G^rrmfffluj 

eSestffeurr^ §$(§LDiSi, oj$£ eutfilGiu g&L- (Lpujmprrmr. ^rii(§ 

Gurr u5}<sh&>Gfrrr&<svrr<sh i3mLip$$5}G0LD Qium<sumu QuGmi&rrrr<sb 
(9kLcuiJtl.L- 6iifjrT&&rri£li£l<5h LbGmrr $6m<somLD<smuj £§nS}$^& 

(y>inpff\mrrw. 

wfiim&mh lunm^iD L/<swOT<s3)<s5i£jii, Gft ifl u l/ Co , LBifipp^iW, 

L£>LpanG0iLI(9)$4£6p!LD 9 @£p<SS)<SU$L/ii) iUfTOyLpiLJLD ULp&bjB (g)!!®®®) 

^L_/T(S^iD Q&$(s& ^iii_/<§§ u)«o'/T«sJr CSu-tcoo/lo, Grjn®§!T 

JLD<SW/I«C^<OTL/GlJ/T<Sl)Q/ii) G$(TG&rp 9 (£/)<5W Qg®mLDt5§$<sb LD&^Um 

u§i6tou>&mrrGQ Q&rr§2i<sm®j<&&u Qupp 9© Ql'(§$& pfturrif 
iB<smL~u^m$u Gua w ®Slmm&luj§$. ^or/ra?, ®jrj r r$>&ni£ltGlm 

$/fQ@jmmi5(£l®) &{B£b<sB Ciumku Gun<sorf<smrrm. giJiim^i 



^o)i_«@dr ^QigH^a?/Tiu §imLpr&& onoj^&iiT&mmuGurrGOOLiLD, 

U^l^lfJ^IT <SW@/ftey)tU£J GuiKSOG^Lb, Lf<sSlS(^LpfT^^I<sb ^«LJUiLl— 

LBfim &mmfpuGu(T<so<sifLD; ^oj<sk $($)iDrrt$@ ^eSi^rrm 9 

u Q^£jqjGld {£)§! <oT<skm Q&rr$<ss)m? c9/(5^£ ©<g$(/$<s]L7?a> <su/5<^ 
^(5^@i(5 uiufr§i J§)ffi/@ oj^CS^sir. j§)/&/(?<s5 ^/jgw Gufrmm 
mmm&§j&Q&n<smL-niT&Qm! prTL-&a&rTrjG<ssnT($i ^u^uGunosr 
<sElu&&fii s i\&&n {j£)j£$anGBr Gu(§ld ufilfBg] €r<sh®s)®fr$ 
^irj^&tf&IprriT&mrr! <srmm G&($\3irr<svLD! (u<sb<sm<so ptprBfpGltoj&rnpi 
&ui-&3il) i$os)i—®<s(T'fT! [BiT<s&r <srm(§Gunmn^LD ^$&§i^$n&6frn? 

ulLl^lj ua<s6ld) Q®j®fftLDUu<9iG& GleiiiL/Lb ufrmGuajiiGLD 

€®lLl-$<s8)$ ^(sSlffuun iBmpoi miSl Guj®LDuGm. 

Gun<3B<sSlQ)Qf)(S0UjfT? /f/a/«dr /5/ti_«<5@ot Gajajr/&/««nr d>/<si>6U^/ 

L/©a»*g)/<£(g $r£]&m ^^&jjm<smiuiTtiSl([5r5g] r5<sb<sy{fiu5)p 
uiumu{$)LD Qu/T(5il® G^«£i €T®^drerr u^<sSl[im^^m(T? 
^ld><so§! ^LDLDrrSdifl G<su€^ld Gurnl® Q&qafiQ&(n>€urriu 

&fTLbfi$6S>UJILILb &UL-.[£}<SG)m®n®JIL[LD 2L.6mL-fT&&}$ 8$(flQjG& 

£_[M®mGw<sb (§ppiB<sb<sm<so. ^m®<s®m Qqu<sAu$gq ^gp£JL/ii> 



196 GLDm&rr 

(LpLLi—rrm uiu<sb&m ^gogoGcijit' <suy$ Q&rr<5b<50 G>oj<sw@Lb. 

&rBJ&@LDITLD, £J<rfr<^«c%tL_LD/T£i, &0$lf <£fr<S$/5@ fJUblT LD , 

^$!®j<miju%<cb @)®S) p uS\<sS\ ($$§?! «az^ii Qu<smi£.mfj l£lL&u 
GurrSlpnrrt&miTLD. <oT<sv<svitld Gurr60tpjjp$ pifluSI&r &Gn$$ndn. 
^)Giirr&m ljqtv&& ^il<s®L„a6vm Lf>rrfrL$}<ob <s>im<sm{B§}u Guitgij&j] 

^fTLD Qupp (QLp^<55)^^G5)GfT ^(SS)(om-^^JU GuiT ®J65)&U GuiJGV' 

^d)(svG<surr £§)©« £)/d^/. tL.mi&m LDirfri^LD ^««(gyjld 

f5<sbrprr& «si5)<syr/5/@S)/Dj$/. q<sbl<s$)iULJur[rr&§] y^^r®© Gurril„($)& 
Q&tt<smL-.65)$uQurr<so ^iUGb pn LLL-nronrru urritggi [Buog] 

Q U <Sm& (55 LD U&(8j<S)J&rT6»LD ^(SffJL./^ l3 p (3) L/6F<S$c$ 
&^I^r&&(G$&(&,LD, QufT^&^lLL-rij&(&&(8jLD GufTGU^rTLD. 

^j/<o5r(S^f?£u q(njGi$(nj&t£l<S8)L-u5l<a) ^(^gu^uiSIost^I ULp^ojgrrLD, 

Lj(§<^([]ij&B65)L-ll5)<5b <5T(Lg[5g] L$ && f£j & LD Q & LU <5U '$ IT LD , /g/rfiOTTLO, 

ldl-LD, <&j&&ld 9 uuSlfruLf <orm&s)iLD Qu<5m&<sfilm ^u(j6mrhj&®s)6n& 
&rrp$60 gnpffldSliL®, ^iiu<sb^rr® LDfT&<ss)rjuGurT<sv 5/®«(gj, 

gJGStiflGtj, 35/7637 gTgBTgf); LD ^(SmOJLD, ^L-[EJ&rTG5)~LD 9 LKotfsfllUnrODLD, 

(Lp^Gbliu&tfG^L- @<sw/e/<£<s?t><@tlj QurQj<sii$iTLD. uitgSIuj L/(5<S5£/T<$<Syr 
^I<su^qs)L^iu ^LpS)d) ff®ulL®& <^&Q&niLi±^fruurr\u u^uld; 

^l$$l\U $ITLL® LDfT^<5m!JuGuU(SV ^GUQSlL-£$6glLD OfW^Jlf^O^GfT^ 

^ld (SiS? (5 u lS) m U14.. Gl&ibtu q5)lL(5)<s)l7)l_ Goj<5m($)UDrT ld. 
^§^<S)j<s$)Fjiul<5b ^)©i5@(5/5^ /5^-Agi/ sYoS^rf&sh Q&djturr£ Quifluj 
& n [?l tu r£j & m m L/35/ rsrr&if&LJ Qu<sm&<srT - &rr§$£&ij 
oSlL-uGurr&IprTiT&GrTrTLb. r£l®s)<o$r&»{5 gSI&ld (sSlu^^rr jjld 

Q & iU UJ <SV U LD (STOTgO/LD 676W<0557d5<off)d5<S5 S) « /7 6tfS7L_ & U LD IT g] [J U 

utU6b&<5$<sm Q&nr<sh<5$)&uj6b(SvG<oinT §£)§J* ^juuLq.& G&rrGVGgj 

L/ (5Q^ (S/J/T® Uip<55 <ol5)®<Sli^)<oi)<S3>(SD, 65/TOT7 UDfT^^jJLD 2_<SUc95<5@<ol) 
Gsy^J <5T[5g QfV^}ffGlUrfQ)LD U ^ « (p OJcSW® LD /7 £JD. <5T^<SV)mGlU IT 
LLI&lLj&LAnriLl <gyjT}JU6lJgfi$<SV ^fJ(TUJ^§! UnTITg&j] [5LD (Lp6SrG<o$riTIT 

&<sm($ iS\iq.t£$ ^<5m®s)i£>&6$)<ofT ^jrsga &>ntDn&$$ Gw^n<sS\^<sn 
LDfrppu Gun&IprriT&GistTrr? Qu<sm quu\.guGld(t £g)cu/r)<ss)<95 



eurriu q<ofil^Q^rr? ,LD(Tfhi<s^mu q<s^^Q^ir? 197 

uSlG<SvGlU LD<Sfffl<5<Sff)/J LDUJ&(&}LD G> £ /T « <95 ii £- <2tf> L_ ttJJj/ . LD«6$/t 

@£4_<55@Lb ^)(5q5)^ /5£~^sy)^ s_rfrfflfrs3Lf/r«<sJr. q(5<s^(V5«@u 
Gu<smiq-Grr ^jiuipon&Lj UGn&ojfr. 2_<oQ&uupmp $<&§>}& 

l3(t)GSl&&>L-6V>60<!k <95L_/5J>/ LD<Stffl<9>/T G LD /7<9^<£j§) p @<# (!) SESUSU 

(LpL^iufTLLsb iSl^rf(^(5rT<3sQ<5Trmgi[LDy G u<smG<5m<s&rfr)jiJD, ^Gup^lsk 
G)u/t(5l1® aJfflLsJTji/i, Gurr^Gmdr^jLD u<sv < ^j > <st)s : &<ss)®mLfLb, 
upfTLi&&G5)<ofrLLiLh 2L.<smL-rT&&), ^ojdr £6S)<svGiu($)&&rr®5}&LD 

G&UJlLjLD GLDrTSiGGfl ^/Oi^/T/Jli; ^OT6S3?7r«(§<S?r ^i£&8>UU®LD 

c95il<s5)L_ Q <sii <of?i u% <sb GUfjrr GiKsmcmLD SGifiGvu ^)(Lg>&§J& 
G)<55fr<sw^.(5«(5£i) Qu/T0L_(5) L9<s^6OT35&L/u(J)Lb &p&<om®&<o8)mu 
Gurr<sv 9 m®sfl$dr ^jpuq [Slpuun&liu <$L_<aS)<o$(75/5^/ G>ud(§<su 
Gurr&nLDGb ^igp(&,<shG<snGm £)l-.&(&»lduu]- lS) ££<£££) (X£><$^/<£ 
Qarr<smui-(n)&(&!LD o5)o;/]£/@<35<srr s>j6USV6urr Qu<smb2-ft. uiLis^(5^^ 
^rriT r5<obrprruj& : G&rr&rGsmit:- 

u saQ^sm§]LD QP<%Q&mj7)jiJb a<5mQmr<smrri]LD &mLuj.Qtum 

LD/rGl^^rp Q&rf(sb<56)Qj(§ LLnoniutBmon i&pp<s5l q5)l_l_ 

6jQ^dr Q(p®{5§j®nrjuGu ofl^psun «<?£) Guj&lduGg®! 
GTGsrprrfr. 

<s8iLiq.p(&)®n ^j(r^^^Gii6m(3mGuD GT<sii<5u<sfrGLj ^^ff^s>m 
$>®s)(sn& G&ujiLjrhi (&><sm(LpmL-.uj ^]Gijrr&<55)6fT& amrL-rrG<sv 
LOosFl^dr s_(5«(g<s5><a>/5S/ Gurr&lprrGm! <mw&>&>m&rr uj&<m 
$ldiu®J6*)}3>G& ss)u^uj^€S)^SL.essrL-rr^Simpesr; <srv§$(? <35<ss><sy7« 
«(swswrr^ urriT£&nG<sv w®sf\$&! iL.<siru)$$Gsrmu ®S)($)£)prTm. 
&rriD$§l<ssrrr<£ &<smgj <sp(Lp&&$m$aSlL-(Si G) «/rancu <£<OT6i/ 
(Lp$<sS)iuajp<ss)pu nfiliug gjmfl£)prrm; ^juui^uuiIl- 
^m$$rbJ&rruj&(&&(§ GLD<sb$ntLL-n<zs)rruGun<so G&Giuq-iunm 
^GDrzj&rrrropLb G&ibgj, #mi&$i£> &<sogS\ (Lp^eSliuGupempiLiLb 



198 QiD(aU<SBU 

FBifl&ii^LD ojrrmGV <M(Qi&§i& GlarremL-en&u Gurr®)rr(§LD.. 
G&®&nr®)LD Qr5(§(£j£}<s£)L-L-$i. ^(3 U & Qpuugi eu($Gj,iii 
<ss@5«@ (Lp<sk(o®fl(@i$& £)Lp®jfr&m hj n qj Q$ ld §ugj ojmj&h, 
Q$nmrfgffQj ani/@/&(g<® (^mpturrubd) jg)L- &fffjm^Gmn($\ 

/^DDiDoi/T <^mid$iq.^ &iL($iuunQi— &rrij<mrLD; (Lpmm®j(fl<sb 
q(0oprf (Lpuu§§, (ipuu$QR$p§i <suujS$pG& u>Gmjp$asrfr< 

^)/E/««@LL£f<95<55)QTiJ Gunrmp @ip/5<s3)^^<s^ar Ffmp<5Wft. 
®juQufr§i l/(5<s^/f u$<smm$§i euuj$ipG& Lbm$)<sb 
Qu<sm<smrr<sm& : Q&rr<sm($) sl.([^S) s-(5^@<S3)(SD/5;^/ Gurr&lmpmif. 
&rr[[<smLD ermasr?. <3im®$f\iu n&niLi—nfrlm ULp&&GiD ^3)<5JD(j§ 

&<sS\iLm<*miD!T&n ldl^.^€S)^iu(§ld 9 K gjQjfr&<s&)6fT LD6mr&& /$<an<sw<®(gib 
^fT^so(§LD Gggflruj. G®grru}-ujn®& G&iffBgj g>®5f\mLbiiSl<sb *2ian<son>&tf $ 

!3piD<S®f}$ff ^Q$UU<cM$U upgj) &$§}&> <SVGh<SmgDU UL-ITlD<sb 

&\Qjeufr &rrmFI<sb 9 ^jojit &ldldit ^j(§uurrGfjfT? (gjLpjpon^&m, 
S\jQjGiifT (Lp&sSlGiuniT GTuGurr&jjLD iSIpfr Q&iuQj<s5)^uGurr<si)<9 : 

O&IUOJ <sff!(§LDL)$G<SO &r U IT (SU SJD /I <S5 &.<Sm U.MJ ®J lf; ^jj^^U 

Qurrd)Gvrr £-.@rTrj<smLD Gt&nrpg}] eSlajn^ics)\uu Gurr<svu ujj.eSI 
6uqij@(3<sv (Lp&p &rTrj<smi£>nSilp§i> i3p uir6m<si$&<5fi}<sv 
^mmGmojiLiLD, [5LD urr<o8)®$&6ii?i®) OiD/ryS? 

QuUJi7^^mGffQDQJlLILDfT<Sm' <95/Td5<5l)/T &rr£B<sSlujff}<oir &<o5)&&6&)6rr /5 U) 

[5itl-.& (5iDOT)L_«s)f9(5i) <3fa$@rr Lq.&<sir GmiLunfflm^l Q&£j^i ^ijl-®ld 

<3§&W&>iiUm&<o6)<SfT [BLD £)/p/fili/T UlTlfiJU^ %ip m p U Gkl §1 
&fTpG68TLDrT(8jLD. ^jOJppmsb JL$l(G1j&U U (T!) 6U J£ $ G <SV G UJ GumT 

GLbrr&LD Qc95/t<sw(S) £)/p/<su/r u(Lp^§ju Guir&)<sirp<ssTiT. ^<sS\u>' 
€X[jff<SfTLDrT(m (FJgyojir uu^uiSIgst Qurr(§iL($\LD, £-.$$lGiurr&g5$<oir 



isumu L{@$^G^rr? tDrrm&irih Lj'afil$$G$rr? 199 
Qii/T(5il(S)ii) ? GupGprrfr, GuiflGujirir .§iGtomnfilm$$ 

J^/T/SI— <^6®>^<95<S$><8OT"« d5<SOT(5) Q<S5(p«g(S<SU Q U(f^LDU IT <SO@!T ®J U 

«il(p<s @mrt®jmL-.G®jrr&!Tu^LD u<so Gy$<mrjmLfLD 9 <g>$pu ^n/mm*® 
GsrrmrL-OJfjfTiLfinfTUj oB^Slmfpmfr. ^ggan&iu /^a>Q)<s5>£jDifSJ<si? 
iiBW(ip<smL-iu Qu<smi&.<sm& QiUQ)<st)ffLD <^/araflm fBfrC-L^fTGmuu 
Gunfw (oSIl-® eSliLu.rr<sb <3ijjfr§> s\$n$fb$Qtojb mmosrGmm^j 

Q<&fT€txm§i? £§)/5£ <s)S?^^i^^^<si> LL&iDw^ujGrj ujuojjfl^iiJ) 

GdfJ(LfiL£> $ UQ)(tpLD ^LB^j (LpUU§$ 6UIU§1 c§^^l9<OT<&D<SW"<S5@ 

&iT(jmsrL£>rTE)(p&}j. ^Gupojir &{5&Lb Q u <smi&<s®ij tumisi «gfimsb 
G8iL®uQu6musLQS)'!7tj urrffuu^p(§LD &$^nuuiB ^)<&<m&o 
^aD&ujm<zv ^sii/7c95@5<s3ii_tfj G^&u®)(Lpw G@&<&®iL($w 
^ar/roj(Swi__ai < ^/£i ^) «si? (S3> «SU,* ^(5«(g<s^<sDOJj5/£jb ^g)<s£>6ff»<su. 
^ojif&^mL-iu (LpmGmrrGij Qu<smt&.(j^ ^<smiDu iSlm &(§@m$ 

Gi&jBnr@!jl&<sk; ^lojfr&ofil®) Gumn&if u £$.<&« Q$<sbm$ViU[T? 
H{£$&rT<sS\&Gfm& £§)©«<& <s6l<sbm6omrr? <s3iLis^m &rT$ujrBj&mm 
jpL-$$e6l6ben60? <s$ilu}.p(g}<ffl ^j)©/^/ uiq-uu<smt& lUfrGfj^jLb 

$(§\&$£lp[Trr&Gmrr! G&! ^_<si>«£i ^luuuf-iLjLD Qs(g)LDfr? 
GT^onmGiurr iq®(£j&imrr& d>jfr/i/<s5<s<ss><s« ^niLis^^im *g$$&rim&$ 
<sS\®&HQuj @\p$t£tBrr&GLiLD Qurr(f$mL{&Lp (Lp$<sS\iu Q&<sb<su{&mtB& 
<SS(TLLl4.6$)JLD <S5/f)L/<F Q&<5V<SlJ@<oS)&GuJ &\p$& <g]Lp&rr®aiih 

/5L0£f /p/ril^-dr Qu<5mi£-fr&LD&}j £-.mm$ u&<sS\<ss)tu ^jfi&gJ SGip 
G^<s£>a) r§\mmuurrQrjn<? piLgi ^<smu(T<soft $n&?i&m 

&g$$!jQLn<5k&$)jLa GunrfQS)<su<smuj [bld Qu<smri£.ifl<5& i£^j Gurrfrg^ 
^/<aio)/j <s8u&&fr\jwrt&iuj G&pii5l6gitD " a-GDOTifflgyfLb 



200 G?LD<o5T"<3>iT 

^toJFT&istoGrr QGu<sfilu5l<5b oSiL-fTWGb u>rr<sisrfi<ZB)$& &rruu(rp$& 
G&nm^tii&m; $rii&m Q&iL($\uGunf dj (sSliLi^fr^Omosi^j 
$.<oS><m$$i a.<50«^<s5>^-(t/ii3 Q«®i<^ (Lpiu<sorrgiT&®T!" (ormgj 
GupfrxffmB Qu($&$ ^mir&n $&&%$(§&§> <sS\^\u^<ss)^u up$ <$<sot 
wm§iip(§<sh FB<smL„ Q$rr® £-ur5$iurT&LD Q&ih§] Q&rrmr® 
$nm<so$§i $i£l®% Grsyrrij <5>l£\&§1 &6m€5)<sm$ §>ippgj uir/T$$rr&r. 
um<ofil&&n.L-3 : ffigULBiuiT iurrGii($Lb, ^<sum Q&rf<sb®jg] $<&<so /gjg) 
Qtumg}j «(75@ ^]@fb&)mr&]&) <^®Q&®$Tp<5ii®s)!Ju Guftso 
mfTiULDfTiu LDmpr5§} {&$$& oSiliSj-p^m gjemLp^gjeSliLL^mif. 

«^ys/gj GbgSIgi glliJLD Q&<a)6pi(Lp<s&r ^leueSlL^^eb u/nsw® 
(Band) tom$$iu$§ii—m 9(5 ^(oViiiairfjLD G^nm^iu^j. f5<sb<sv 
G®jmmiurr& <sygil Qu<mr<om<oi)fij<^rr[TLD(5b(so. U6vr£ipri]&<s$)(sifr& 
Qc5/t<o^tl_ &rT£lg>nLi&®[rrTir) Q & ib m u u iL l_ G^n /j<sror/5/«<syr 
LDFT®$)6V&m (Lp^<aS}iUQjpGS)!pLJ Qupp <sp0 (§§>\Gn[j ®j<mriq- ®jr5&§]* 
^^p@m un<sm® ojit^^Huld Qjrr§\&&uuL-L-§i. <2lS$ $&(§$&> 

Q&rT®^§j&Q&rT<°mGL-. £§)©£<£ fl"<sir« Qj<smn^ Q&mp oufsmsmw 
^(5!5&§J- <m$®® tSldr qp$8$<5V, (oSlmLDUfj^p^nr^ ^j($u§j 
(Lpuu§j (flfpjGUiT ^tulSIojit G>LDrr$5luJui-&gi& Glarrmr® 
Qj<OT-£j^.ii/L_<o5r ^u^osrfr. ^(ffju&&{£i&<s$<g£!LD ®$LLLq.dr 
$<5mGD<mT&<sfi}<sb $l(nj_J5& Qu<mruLrr ff\^i<sufi^^)m\si^jui3 
GStmCb'uij& &rr§if&i£i&<siT surrmjSl guq$lduui- Q&dj^<m$ ®jfjrr&d : rri£\ 
&<sx}<s$${£nw. <oii<5mi4.& &sx.<smLq_<sbr £§)© qpri]&Gfi!6£}LD ^/7<sror@ 
Qu(n)&>t£ opriiSlri) <s5L_£j?_<3S<sy7 ^)(5/5^^7". <&jGLipr$<sb &it£)&ld 

(SpL-L-UULL®, r5rTL-ag§$®T>iJ&<5S)<ofTLJ GufTfoV ^)^^/7/5>c55rf]" 



guituj L/efil$$G$rr? iDrrm&nuj LiGfi)$$G$tr? 201 

^il<ssrriTip$(§i5giT<oh. 9® ^LpS)uj Qu<sm ^Gummc&j <sti($Q<sb 
rglmg}] &eiim &)?&$<& <5T<smQ<mrdj G$dj$$i& Q&rre&srm.(r$$$iTm. 
^GiiaSI® Sl^rju u§iGnw&!§$&i§Lb Gwp L//D<5*g)ta>, ^rrun 
<yffrH®iB 9 ermp G&rrfp&m Qu(^^^ • 67(tpc£js/«<3s<sy5?a; 
<H(Lg£UULLiq.(j])r5$€m. "i_ifiiijtn&i iDjb^rruif *r©^rli <tp<ip 
jicfpsurr aoi^Gj&nr® mom^omm $$iuuu$i mwm^m mmm® <9bybj$$SMb& 
ttaipm 'c9ifl&ii^£ ®m£afl! @rfe^ ^jiirs^L. ^idiu^sd^ &g£&a&nr£iT. 

<zij[rrr&&!TL6}<&(&j Qrjmg§$[rrr&rTrrii)rTiij<& GairuCb Qurrr£j&} 
Quj(Lgf5^§j. up&onm ^nyiBcpOiGiionn)} &Lq-&§}&Q&n<smL-.tT6sr. 
QjmsTu^.uSl<sb £§)(25j5<S uiuGV&onGrr GumrLq.Gturr® 55/7« g), 
oSltsrrLbuijgong ^ojGwrr® ojiTriiSlu uuj-gg {ipi—u Qu€mri£-rfldr 
LDsmonL- dfigj 9(5 ^jLq,iunrs; ^jl^^^j £g)(5J§)/D£ ^fi^/riL/Lb 

Q&rrmt^®$}L-<M6b<SV6$)LDtLILD, <JV@c55/T/7(£/)Lb <95<S37"«g) S)<s£)(dS"><Sd(?£U 

Gc5/ii__/T@)/ G^rris^. 6u&<sii&m 9(5 filuSlo^^^ld) sr(ip/5^^r. Qp&§?lm 
lS&jj <aSlfj®s)G0 m®rf&>&i]& Q&rr<mr(£) &<sb®m\b jfimprrGvr. iC Quq^^s> 

<3^.lLl_ <£<§?/£) (g (LpOH(5$riT ^Of) L-.u5)<5V<S0rT LOGO 9(5 OV^If? QJ([F}QJ&tf 

^/5 /5^ ld /r /i/ ^/fjL/^LD/Tii)/ ^^/tei^L-LD^riif/ Gurrmn<sh 
ojprrgrrLb!!! ^J6v>^& &>mLis\-S£]Lb sj^&>Lnn®n Gun&®ffflg>g>mLD 
G<oU(r}j<smGL-.{r? G&ojgvld ^)Lfil$& LB(n)&mi&<^<m $<5&wmiL€S)iu 

<3l<oG)L-.G)d§l ^GUGlimOJ <g>{ ({JJ ®D LD IL1 FT <S8T G LD (T LL& UjSG&l 

Guir®Sl(n}<&&)ir)Gg! c^<dS)l_ u%<sb<sofTLD<5b ®jr$&jj /5zjj.<ss@£i GaiStifronm 

UJrTGUfpGnrptLjLbglfpjptB GuLDfT6$&ffl! ^6IS$&^<m ®SI<5to<50 g£<SB7"/r)/<55(J5 

®D6$rrii&m &L£>§} g-.i—LD6S)u Qp®foJ§i Quff!grr& rffofHoSTuum^ 

<Si5?@<£Ji/Lb 5 <=9/<£637 QurT([]jL-® Gg&^GS)^ Sl/(7_5^^)/J 

^/5/5^ rgl<5V)<5V<smjD<5mu sqmL-$§j gSIl-.60!tGw! (LpiLi^nm 
®Q<miij&Qm! $mi&m @i$3>& <9^^mq. rsiriu&<S)frlL-.g££)<sb uhl^ld 



202 (3uD6W«/r 

&jp(t)j<&Qs;[Tdr<^di&<zk" €rm^i &ULnrrifliurr&@ ^j7pf$<&Q&rr€mGL- 

{§)©i5<5£/- ^S?«« <s$®s)ijGiirruj rsujpsjj &i~p&G®!J&($)U Gurriu& 
(p&irjpgi $&mm&m g) d) «o /r ^5 ^^ ^)L.^fii S)l.^j5 «tl@ 
mrjmis^sBm £D®<£S)g& u®$^<&Q&n<smL-rrm. ®L-p®<smrjiiS\m 
LLrrmws «/ril£) j$ijldugijld ldCSot/f^SIojid/t^ ^<3&§§l. 
$p(&j€m /5o?(S)o;nr(£|>««ib s_<ss> l_G> 10 /r /r ■, j^iDjy ^j^fliu 
Q&nrtp&errrrQ2iLD, Q&iu<sb&<SfrrT§2]Lb 9 ^iDiEli—^^ld) 0/5(5/5/(3} 
($6unifl<sk wm®$)&& &ojiT£6$)<5VLj($urr<5V 9 &L-<s$<sir (§<s$rt mni)Qi 

[bGDGOOJif (oTmQJLD ^lUGWT (S7<oir^]LD UL.&UrT^LD <£ /T ll L_ /7 LD <Sl) 

^^^iGwmg^j a?ff), mnrojmijiLiLb LD©Lp<siS)<^/ ^jmuLDiiJLbrr&S) 

6T<^ <9$ 65) (55 *U $(J1T& lnGtiSm (3oJ<g<Sff>OT S) <35 /7" (SOTfCS l_ /T (fij LD 9(7J 
£)/7$)(Scg@)/£JD &LD&H &jimU{B<om& L£>g)<&(g}LDUU$- Q&tUg>£l. 

®)rjnu)i$!jrr<s& &&>n G^<sS\iufT<m!j ^g)g>/5<^ i3m<s®rfr, ^ojmij® 
&rr6mGu<omrr Q<si/<si7/p/ Quifl§jLD ^r/i/S), Gurrasrij <s®&<o®flujfii&<s®m 

[Bldi3&qs)c9; ujpnSlapiJBa, &[T60i£$<sb 9 "a5<sror(5£_<rfr ®DiTm&lMJ(T<sm(j 
ototaj/ ^(Q}&Gf5iuiT j§) /fi-G) u<sk^j G^rrdrnSH &i.(i$iLj<s$)^LJ GurtGV, 
u ^j<siJ6i]<str6i] ^rrmrr |§)/5£ i3L<su«^@sir ^j(oifULD! 6urryp&G6>& 

(§ff}iupp^u^u Gundj®SliLt—G$! <oT^&i6mmGujrr ^<smL~L$<smL- 

&{jn&!jm <X<SmsmLjLD U66)L-$4£ <o7<5l)Q;fT£i) 61/61)61) FF&Gffl LD<StsFl^lf /flg^g/ 
<Syr£jU®5l&(§LDUUI- Q^oSlll.L-fT^ 9(5 &r&45G8)8>-U U <S&) l__ <£ <® 

QS?<sl)(5W(ou(5lu/ , (sirna)} f$m®sr$§j [5LDi3&m& tupgu ^i(§<oU(^uuff<m 
<su /Tip «<&?)<£ Q&dj&tf<sii(njLD o5}(?(SiiS)c55(S5)<syru un-fr&>§] 3 "(2<y/ 
u(uuuL-rrGgiLjnb&<sh; £§)/5<S> £-<su<s5<s$Ss)ot ^puiDirm 
^murij&<5&)6tr$ <^<si5)0" £_cu/tqj/7<sot ^otold 6p<skn)j {*£)($&££) p&n; 
t$am d^/5^ Gurflmu ^6i)&^$<oS}($r5&tf^iTm <su(^SlGpm; 
^b&rr un&mm<SfrrrQtu ^)/j/r<si/gwr gg/ L-.gg)/£i) ^iGuapianL-UJ 
&pp®&rr <7gz_gj)/ ld Gurrrf Q&djgi®j{B&tf s_/a/d5(sr5<s^i_iL/ &MS$<sm$ 
<£I6S)L-.ili[£i&®t OT<sSr/p/ LDr5^LDrT(r$$LD GldgvgSIiu (gj[J<s6)®) 
<$<siiG<siirr(n)®jfr Q<^qBuS}^]ld Q&oj^I Q&rr<sv6S)m§j. <S5/7<$<s$ld/t/t, 



eumu L/ofi^G^/r? u>rrm&nuj Ljefil$$(3§>fT ? 203 
^jmfitsmw &LD(£!/>j5ijj. SlayGufr&GT mu^mm Q&rT6mL-GUG&pu 

GlJ!T®®tB §>LB6®ID i£>fP^§l (S^^fTI^. OT/T. 9\ $1 G tU !T (§ LD 

Qui^Giurr(§LD <$§<s®<s®&m Gldu^id |g)i_/E/««S)<si> lQs<siild 
gimfleutra rglmipit ^mw^m Qj(§ii>GufT^j iSImmir®) ^i^njih^ 
^mmmm Guff(§wGufT§! gHr&^ujLD (®%(juL4<s£l&mmu 
G^nm^Cu^ 0mpmw. <$iuGlht§$ $<m$&^m<sB(§$§i 
®lfjg>fSJ&ato&TuGurT60 ^//a/(g qpuuCu. fB<5m($&m ?&$®jiT&<mm<A 
&<$m® uifl&rr&ii) Q<ji£/aiar Gurr<so ^$<smw&m <suq§LDGu(T§iw 
LD€sfl^rr m(§mQurr§!LD tDmr^mflp^m ugimSlinCb, Gimm iSlm 
Q eu 6*5? uSI rf) <su[5&tfw §jmmLD G&uj&im. ^<$mu[r<so(§ih 
QumrufT<so(§ih <srmi(^LD gjiiud) (giiuQ)/r« 0m^j G&rrmr® 
^ojtf^fT&dr LDm$ijb(g) £-&$t&mp(jSl<sb &QJGsr$Qn$& Q&$g]@$lmif. 
S)<w/ai<s5/T^<si5OT a-<sD«<D)iD<si?a)/r£i <ss<ssf LD6m<sw®tjlu5lL~&$GGoGMJ 
^)(§tk&lpQ^<skn)] $<smm&§$ Qft(r)iLDnuumi-$§i $t-.^§>wm* 
^l®jm^i <%rr&<sS}Giurr &<s$)i~~<&&€m<smrr<sh &m§i &<sm<sum<mu 
urrn{B§iu urrir^§! <&iQjGm &p&6m® uDmGoQium $lmmtBg$, 
^l^s^Iuj Ljmmm& &<m§i (tp^^o) &<siiLp Qu(§<sQrjm<so GfBrrmS} 

$ L- fc$ (T Gir. @tp/5OT)^«<SySOT fBfTL-L-GLblT QS)a>OTri£i/T lll$.g>/ LD, 

■'^//s/@ gSIp&uulLl-. &LD<5ViruuLp@$<sir lS^ld Gl&mpgi. 
mrrwn§irjm§$ r5rriLL-Gu*rT'^tuGonrmu&mGttaSlu$ttU5§i Q&6®$).§i* 

^(§L~<sm§i rglmmoj LD®sfl$Q$<smL-.uj ^mL~&mm^rjnrujr5&$l* iSm 
GfrebruGiiasrgi f§l<smm<sij 9 6T®d@Sli-.&$£)®) ®j®$xsvujm $mgi <kiL(5> 
wrj^G^n(^ &m^Giu^Bpnm mm^i m€ii<^l^^^ gp«(gu Qum^ 
Gun($\Q(p®J<sh <sp(§ ^l^si/«@^ Q$mekiiunm Qu/J£fO)iuiJ 
QuQjihQuff(r§L-® LjSdtu £D<srf?^rf)L_ii ibiLl/u u/r/j/riliflL (3tti/r« 
Gs^idld aSI&rT.ifl&gi& Q&irr<5mL^(§^rf(sk. 

&nwn®sxso Q«/T«swri_-Qig}/i:@ £_<su<ss(Si£> iD<gp&&r 

®J6$)i®(&}LD $ ^<SliOTQJ@/^L_CIJ iDOT^OT ^SuGoJ tL-GO&LDfr ttJ& 



204 GiDm&rr 

Gprrmfilujgi. ^fim<oOiiSlGb l/©^^©^^ 6uprr&&rTi£l£GarT 

&€m<smflpu($)LD Qu<smurr<ovfr ujfT<su(§L0 GLD6sr&rT£&6rrrr&&iLb 9 
q(n}®$rfiufTQj([!)LD LDrriurr^mL^u iSl<$rT<s®<srr&mrT&<si]LD G&rr®rrr$lmiT. 
Gnmrii&m £§)(5/5<§> u&&r£jx®s)<ofru urrrr^nGo) ^euapia^g 
{£Gs><saG$n<3urrdj £g)Q5/5£S/- &L-.pu&&LD &®srgi urTfr<sv)Qj<oS)uj& 
Q&6g}$§$mrim. «z_<ri> LD&n G&nr u&§ii—dr ^rnGOsaneiT 
Qaj<sfili6}(5b &<srr<ofii ®Sl(i)i&m<sviLjLD, ^qd<so^^t GojLL&Ltiismifilp 
tg}(r$LDLSl& $(n)LDi3& aL-.<s6ljpGurrdj& G^^^^gvhjld ^euGtsfl^irm. 

^(om&GmUVLJLD Qd5/T6W£f(75/5^/ii)5 <sfil 6$) [J®S) d) <oT(Lpr5&)] LD<oG)piLjLD 

(Lp<skG&rnj£&rT<sb (&jLprB®n&a®n®fr <smq-&§} s^uurr^b &<sh($r$$<sb 
GurrGvajLD, ^/<s (§Lpi$6S)£&dT ^(Lp&jjQair<omGL- <&L±uGurTiLi 
&ld§] ^rruSli—Gw &6£i<sm& Q&n'Gb6S)&Q&iTffl<6n){5<sb GurrsvGLjLn, 
<5S)(Lgr&&g>®sTrr<sb $ldlB&j uuj-pg w<mrG<smnr($) grrGmu 
^<5®<5mg>§]<!kQ&fTmGi]§i Guhgogijld £g)(5i5<5<sw. "<qld! ^ld! ^rrm 

GTGUGUGrTGlI <55)<SU$rT6g]LD', <£l Uj-gg} R 6£J LD .676376$) 637 <sS\ L_ LD /7 L_ G L_ 

Q®rr<sfrn)] &lLuj-& Q&rr<omL-.rT<sh ^GVGVtsiirf! <s>l®r>6V&Gm'! ^ojm 

S)^7cS5^)cU^@<Sl) Q&dj&>65)g> Q<SUG)?rluSl<5V «95/7 lLuJ. 6763765)637 < = g>/61/L£)f7637ZJ 

u ($)&$] &)tf)fT&G(5frrr! Q&iuiL]iijam Q&djiLirii&<sh CTWcigju l/<$@ 
GU&fBgl. ^]<o$flGLD<sb fF>n®n ^ojg^gtt LDrrtB^pLDGVGV; llgs£\&>lj 
L$(Lg&&6$)mQiu (nmGftfp&^ub rsLoGum. Gii(^<3F^(LpLD 

<sS\u&!TtJ(LpGw r£l<S5)Jp[5$ L063flc9$ <?g/)«^@(s6)(75'/5^/ <SUrrLp$<o6l(5£JLn 
f§l(f^LDIT§]^JG^UJLLn<m <5S /7 L_I3_ /£)(#><£ Q & <oVT g}] , £§)$£> 

^ssy&GujGVGorr ld K'&®silB§} l£l (/5 'u L/ (3 <si/ 637 u S) 637 n <sb , 67657 
6)g9 637LD£i fFGi—gSluGuiT(g)LD 9 ^®sfl pirdr si?Ll(5)<fl5<3« 
@(75£iq<5ii@<ai)(S2n<5D; ^&&rTm(y}{5<sQGiurrn<M<mtBuu§jLD GungjLD; 
r5<5mufr&($M)LD cgj/ 655763) l_ <s>j uj <sv rr (m ld uifluu^jLD Gurr§iLD. 
/5/T65)<syr«i(g £§)/5<§5 ^LL(S)surrcssfl 9 /5/rL_65^@su Gqj(s^ldGui7lLQ) 

^L_<Sl/Lb Q^rTL-.[£j(&j<5MIT<5h. <gj[545 (3 LQ 65T63) LD 65) f/JIL/LO <J)/65)L_/5,gi/ 

/5/7637 sloSJ/t Gurr ipQ<oa<sm®LDrr ? G&! ^)/5^5 [BrrLLL^^jLD £§)(5<5<5<s» 
^« /rg// «nafia^ii Gunrdj &jpr£liurT<9 : LD <svirrijQaQ&rr<sm($) gtojit 

(Lp«^^)@2/Lb ®5lLfil&&n LD6V ^JUDIU LD 6$) <SV 65 (§ U 



ojuih Li6fi)$g>G$iT? urniiismu l/s^^CB^/t? 205 

Gurrij<sSl($\SlGpm. <3l§i&!r<sk &{f}ujrrm &rrrf}ujLD" gtgstjoj 

LbmfjstGv 9(5q5)<^ ^{jb/5^ <oS\rr&$£i ^OTri_/7OTg£/. ^i<sum 
Q^dj6uu&§$ £_<sfr<syr<si/iS3r. ^^«a^a?, ff&qj[j@ Semirmu) 
Q&iuiuG<oii<sm(h!)LD Gime^w ^oj®) ^fUimj&iT <3<s>jiL<sff><55£L//Td5 

^)(5L/u^/r<95 <gj<su £$)]&(§& G^rrdrgSltugj. ^//5/@ G$fr<s$rn$m 
<s£<siiQ®jrr(§ Guit^^ld ^m&@ ^djQ<siJi7(r^ Q&iuS$ 

Q&IT<5b6gjGll^rT& LD$$£!Tm. <Sy&<SmL-.IT$£ UlflL^fTGm GUGW&jJGljLD 

&irr5@r£)<5$)fD6LiLDrT<o$r &&&4£rr rspisu Quu(^Gm &<somLDir)rD ^tb&> 

Igl 6$) fj uS) <sk Q<oU<om<oZDUb r£lip(LpLD, ^fflosr &fgjf$/p(Lpib <55<su/53$ 
GgrTri)fp&<oS)g& Gas/r «sottl. Qu(§&& ^m<sv&<sh g^rjuSld) 

Gib!T&tf6Ll8}jLD <3jG&i r£l(pg>G5>$& Qd5fT<SWL_ lSI [J L£) TT <5m L— LD fT 6VT 

ld6$)6Vu urrLDL-i&Grr §j<sii(T(j urrw&rr&GsyGrTu Qun<sQGUL£lLDijSl£§}, 
u LD<o$flgi7&G(5rr! $fEJ6Sffl urr<s8&m; FF&t<oiijj<o§$&&(!f}§>l<sb Gurjn^n^m 
OTW/p/ G&rrL$lt£&j] £/#<& «Lg.6565 6U(/5<95<sff)6ULi (Su/ia; ^g)©^,^/. 
&L-.®Sl<oSl(ri)[5& i ] ^<omi—rr®$r"G<sif[)rT" <srggrgf)//£i 9<s$ "goGiurri /g/rgo/LO 

<J*/£51<SD<95@5£I) ^S^LUrSgLD ^j 6V 6V !T LD <SV ILj & fhJ «S5 rfl iq&IhJ&mrT& 

£g)/£/£?©/5Ji/ ^-/s/«@5<s@ (oKsijojmGojnr l/<5@ldj§) Q&rr<sb<s£iiLiLD 
^jojpj^lmuuj, $L-rf>§} t$<oS)Lp$§iu Gurr&rTLD<sb LD§$LDr5&fjrr&G(oiJ 
{§)<Z5/5«/ {ilP&SJ i§)s>MS i%J5£/ i3pp§i'Q&(T<sisrGL- 
^(i])&&}r$rr&Gm! '<5it£t£m<saQujrT &L-6$)Qj&6fild) /5/107 
zj/r/t^@(5csS)GpOT. /g/s/cgsrir oj^LoGurr G&gvgvitld <orm<sG)®sr 
^ $ ri}8tfQ&rr &r6ffrT llgo lj§j L£<oisfi&mfjLJ Gurr<so£> 
&rr 6muuQ\&l{f)iT&G<sn! 2^rii&(e>H)&(§& Q<j/r<si?<s$i; Q^n®A(^LL 
'L/&f5lLD$muj ^)ul/£jjl id/d/5^/ iSlppgj Q<ssrr <smi^(§&®\$fr&Gm! 
(sidr^j «t-cii ^gduSlI® <£i(igLD <@<ss)&<5muuGufr<so ^g)©/^^/- 

<£/OT>.<SU<S5a5)ci> c£/<ssul/lLl_ £)/j5}lZJ <s lL <Sff> L- <5S ^ LD , G&>mj&rrdj 
LDLLoni—af&LD ^<5®<M&($ffl}L-<sZr &os)fj&(&, 6U(n>GugjLD ^)(5iJdl5)<j 

[BIT&LDnUJU GLl!TLbQJ<tf)iJU$l<5b $qSI$$§I <oT®J®Si&LO ®l(njik&§lT 



206 (SiDmmfT 

wi^^a>Q)Qujdr^LD f {§)£#/ QoJ€kg)jLD $ (Lp^ihm^iu Qpm^]Lb 

®fmmtb (?<ai/pi u<$®@S}^i£)iTiLjmm Goj^sun^^mfim 

Gl&rrm® Q^^^ifjm Q&<&®> lornLi^nwA ^p$§i iSip/pgi 
wrT&Gbuui-iSlGeoOuJ. fi-ppe/SuuanpuGurra) £D@jM>3/. ^|5<g 

wmsrm uuuiSlp(§ «$/($£) o» Q&mp uirmpuSlm ^)u<sm® 
$&(g)&eJilQ}iii> &em&rr€mtm§f$iTiJb oimiruSld) $§jppuuLLisi-(§[B@ 
sihufijs^LD, <sn®jp($<s® ^Lpsmh e&mmiS&iu iBm&nr} 
6&)&T&(g)&i§$u) ^.eo^Gpum^lm (ipp®), ^uGurr^mpsi «l/Qu/j^i 
&§eupifl$§i mpp w®$\pfil<s0W ^ijfiojrro) a.nj/j/55/ ^saiifm^^ 
euLfl&mLui-Ujrru muGun^im ^i£l<s$lm($ r£)p($ih 
^ifiOjfrif&^LDt fBmumwrra^i^U) 9 /|$L?<35«@5ii> s sjgrgshu 
w&nm&^w &rt^n^msf ggmm&miKso &<mtQ!)diliq-iJupp(&) ^j<sofrp 

«L-<Sl/<S^S¥F<S<a<SOTL. ^LB^ (gJfTOT IDIT^IU ^£T@(5<Sl}*iJ)-« 

&€m€mrns)- <smiu (Lp&@$£}<sh ^mfl&^i f£lpu<mpij Gurrw ^)®/|^€W a 
<^<g5/T£tf<g^<5 ^imrr<s£\m &iDup^lm a_«j^)u5)<^ ^)0^p ^<^B}<9F 

«S5/Ttl@U) eSl&rA^j LD /F /$ LD /T $5? 1$ {J&fT &L£>fT &OI LD* LD IEJ Si (Lf Lb 

m)s^^§ULBrr<smufjwQuni(§m 9 iBmsmiuQium^m GurtiTGmojiLmd) 
LDmprBgjLD Gpum^njih «/f^ottuijiL®, i$/dqS?<s5«l_65><s*)<s5 
«i_ij(Suo"(!5«@ 5 "^8)0g>/r ^)<75«iS)(32)<sw s ^jGprr ^(§&SlGpm; 
€rm<smm mmGl&mG&tf Gp($iSllffi/taGm; yfieo &&£§>)& &~niir$j5 
0njrrm m^m^^i^^ GtDGOwwGojrr f^msk ^j(§sQGpm 9 
®jrr(§r£i<ssm" mm^j m&&irriLuf„^mLpuu§rf GurreS\(n)$p§i. «l-jd 
&mrjG$uiTfj{&S>iw <sjij(imubir&& G£lL-jp$ &C-($w(jSi&L-mL-.mm $ 

cjs/swLii/ii) aia)<si)<ss)ii)Qii/p/0 Gumbujrrm &=id$u f$$<sb&<smmu 

GufTGO OTOTIOT^O)*® Hipg^d G£lL-$>$m..$T!J!T6rrLD-fTG5r *&${&&>&• 



6urTUJ'Liefil$$Q$fr? u>rrfiiarr(u Liefil$$G<Bir? 207 

/g/r €urreny)& smusenmiLiLb, LiL-GOfEi&nruj&m&rujLD Q&mu$i 

i5j3(75«(5 aS?p5}/ij Quu(§m G^&^p^u uiumu($@®)Gufrw 

rSlp'LJ.LI&jpagj &-uGiufr&uu($)&<sh $l<s®<smLjy^iLL-U l/lLl_J£/. 
&L-.<sb(ip<9iii>!7$u 0ili4. <om®j<s<&u uiLis^(§$jb ®tL®s)L-&<sir FF&mm 
^(smi^iu £„uGiurT&LJu($)LD G^rr€®sfI&G<stm ^mrg), uDofl^o)^ 
^®&§tiu GufTiTLjfflzLfLD Quu(§lL(^ Garnlmi^ m^<sSlmr ilgi 
^$6w$fl$i!(g%&&LJUiLL„ dttjisiGSl&GwiT G&jtfir/p/ gotLjfpjLb Qj(sm<omsh 
& rr €mu u il l.of. 

oSIuff^LDfTm mmr<$mr£j&(^LD G^nppii^i^LD ^Ji)<§<go?". $$rrm 
s_L.(3ar M(j${5§iGumij [tvSIqSIg) «sj/?5? <£sr£)<5(9;ij GuitojG^ 
-•(tpj4.QGumg^ §fru>frG5flg>&jj<& Q<s5/t6otfl/ts3j, gBmgj <spiLa>L_Li 

gglBgi* u$§i CS^/jilip^^ii ^)Gi?<sy65)/r«s5<ig5£i) ^i(]§js&®®« 

&-.p&rr&&^G*£rT® ^(i§^§! i&<sm®) urjui3<sb ^u.$^um. G&rrft<Siiih 
&mmuqih GudqS)jlL(S) ^ql/o)otf« SCip ^mmu unfr${£osr. 
&mr$>m ^j(§€mL~m, GfitjSlgi GfBUth f§lm§! y $m ld(S<sw/fsi/0}/^) 

ufiGm^oniij ^<s$)i-.[5^rr<sk. GwfriLt^rrff €iimru^^^ih 3 
«f/j ;^£l(5)<£(syjiu)' Gurreugiib eu^eu^/uorruj ^(r^^m* w<sS^h -ueon 
&rTG)r56toL-turr&£ Qff&ripi QmrT<smu^q^^<mfr. ®jtjn&&rri£}t$m 
G^rrpjpGiDtr t£l&&' uifl$rTLJU>rr& £§)(5/5gg/. <$«ng5/ <^|6D/ai(S«fra> 
/^69)a)^Dix>.«oiu<ss ««fisr® ggasriii&GT qr$mi5les)jijD /$o>ar<^i/<s5 
' Qsnrm€kJfrif&GmfT Q®jmu@n@iLiih mp^§i utriLmL-u u<&<ssid 
oSlmuGurrs* /£L-/£j§/ £)/$g/ Gr^fj^^id) Q&mQ$)m§$mrj^®fl& {Bn film 
&Gorr- #/r«n60<i«(g«S)c& euf5$rreir. <£ieumgi Gr&rr&&LD <sr^lifl<e& <su${B 

Q iB w a? Qti /j>£ ^(5 GiDnCt^frif 6xjQS6nq.&>'iu& &<smL^irm. 

$($&&&' acari— neto. (LpmLjfp^Bw ^j(§J5{5 9© u><su>u>£)iLi68r 



208 GuDm&rr 

&en$ QiLui.®smm. sL-iLntp$§<& ®(n>Qjnr£-&&\ (Lp@<sb sL.errGtrri]^rT(sb 
toienpuSI®)' &(nj S$®nfXiurT<sb @ld<o&ld LD<mp&^&Q&ir<om(i}iLb i 
(Lp®£§>}<sb 90 (Lp&Qpi4. ^i<s®3lr&§i Qarr(sm($)LD ^)(f$^<mif. ^gwt 
^G&ssrrr Qu<smG<5mrr <*rmu§} G^rimpn^^rr^j £-<s$)p $mprr& 
^P£^.«Qc95/tsot^.(75/5^5^/. ^j m Q <m nr (§ gu rr ujnrrr <oT<sirum$ 

GtLifflGlimLJ GlUGSSTLDGIftfl; Q 61i 60 G) 60 lL ® j§36W(J)«<Syr 

^<OT)(5D£U^D<5W7«(rfr (LpgtfSluJ <su p $ asfl <Sff) l_ uSI <sb <s*j®j<sh 

&rrdjr3$(ri)ip&FT<sh. <sijitl^&&) !-.&(§ ld GgrrrgDrr Ljd^u&G&guGurnso 
^iGUGfr^j G&rrpptA GjpnrujQ&rTmrL- G$rrppLDrT& £3)(5/5<5g/. §imu 
urrn®s)®J&G& ^ qj (§75 <s?r> £~_ cu (Lp&w, <^/<su©/«(g 

^$(Lp&LDrT6m&>(Tdjg> GgrrGmrfiliu&tf. GurF>&>®jmGLD<om&n G)oi<sir@/ii 
$6&mo4 ^fOJGm LD®fffi$GV SL.(5mi—iTuSlpr}j. GiismuL. ^(§S)d) 

0/5(5/5/65, Q$(ff){hJ&, <^/<Sl/@/<Stf>L_IU ^f&ffilLKipLD, G&ITU(LpLD 
^/^)c95/t5^^/«Q«/T6OT(3l_ GllipgGGT. <S>4 ®J 5W g>6$T&il <£ <5W7<& 63) 6Y7 

fBLDurriod) LDiurijS} SL.pgu G^n^^osinm; GuemiiL. ^(/tj^go <oU$§j 

^/TiL//5@(/5^<a/(syr <g637 LD<oG)m<sfi\iLirTGST GLDesT&^fT^rrm 6T<siruG5)$ 

LDfTiufTohrL^LJLSlmosyorr Giurngum, ^«sugp/ii (3 ld 63765 /7 <si/ zi 
# l- /d #/7 /f) /p/ Qjnraj& £-6V<svrr&LD(T& gii^^)([^lju £ /7 # <si/ li , 

<gfGLJ61J6fT6ll Q&fT(&j<9 : IT& ^<5m($\&<5tti<sb &niLJf5&i] 6U /53561/6*7 a$ 65763) 637« 

««Gl ^j gu gij nr qj &<om&<s$)<sfr Qpiq.u uu&rrmi^ Gj&ujGugfTiLjLD 
r£l6mmg,$irm. <^/<a/@}/«@ £_z_G>637 ^l_/e/<35/7c£ G&rr u(LpLD 9 
U€m^u&s)^uqLD 2_6337£_/7u5)637. &,rrm ^Qj<Sfr§] (Lp&j£&$G<soGuj 
^®sfl <siS)y5?d5^<si? &K.L-rrGlf£6$i r£)<o6)<sisr&>&ii st§nos)[j(oS\iLQ\ 6puL.uGurT& 
rgl<oV>m@&}ju Guit(§ld Guit&jjld ^eusfr temmuLi^G^GosirT® 
G&nr$68)QfrujrT& <sr@>lrruuLLL-.§} «5<ss7<£@ ^u&(&j<mrLDrr&6iiLD, 65/7637 
ct"/e/@ Q&<mprT<spiLD ^i<su6(T fsmgi «(swswfld) u lL<J)65 (S) 65 /7 6537(/J)<5 /7 637 

^ ($ U U IT tifa 67637/p/LD ^61/637 LD657£§)60 ^(/5 6763376337LD 

£L<aM7i__./7i/5)/£)rt2/. ^ojm 2-uSlGrrrr® ^(§&(&jld ®j®nrjuSl<sb <5637<£(§ 
cgV m ld n m (ip m > Xfes /7 u(ipih, gmu ${ip ld ' ^f'^^S^P &> nr-jissrG l_ 



(ourrij qsffl^Q^rr? i&frm&ndj Lj<s$^G^rr? 209 

^6U6®m&Q&rrmrnL5)(5kr ff/rgn/Lb rgliuiraj m^Go&^iip&u Gurruja 
Q&rr<sb<svuuLL®u Gurr<svGg l/«(z£<o2)£__<£ .G^m^jiD, G&tLiGviprp 
Gu<s&^Guit<sd ^(gj^) c95/r^)«@u Gurnh &(Br£liurr3 : LD Quip^j 
6p<sfilr$gj §$ rr! 6U $ p uuj<o^fl<sb<o5)<svQuj<ckQjLD <$(§ &r$m$r&>§$®) 
^nrLD-nrcisrLD Q&£j§j Q&rr<smL-.rrm. &Qip (g>6sFlr5giJ <&&(§ lBim^lb 
G>r£rr&&lmiTdr. d=ipg)j §JT!T§>f£l®) @(5 Q&>fEi&rruju u(§LD(^sfl(§^ <sp(§ 
&(nj[£i&<sb<o$xsi)& <s$)&uSl<sb <5tQ)^^j^ G&rrsmL-rnsGr. Sj&p^ffir 
GuditlLl-.it rr Gusmisi. <3jQj<55)6$r^ ^nsmisL^, Q^mqp^^l(sb ug&jju 
u§$®$)6$rr5§j &<sD&flijLD Gurr ilsgSIlLl-^j. ®n&u5l<5V <5Gi)g$>/L_<rir 
^joj^jld $(n}LDiSJ~Qj<5muL.<s$)iu Gr5rr&£) <sS\65)&mrc&> <5$isL.6$nr®n. 
^\rF>&> GuD/Til/_frfT GiKsmuiuSlm lSIostlip^^gS]^^ ^(/5 ^&iLisi.<sb 

&{T®$)<oO 6G)6U$G8>rSl, <3l(Tl)®<oh 8> K <5m U U iL L~ G LD €$T& fT <sSl <ST5T 
g<oV)6Vtl5)6V dV^^* &QT)!i]&<sb®S)GQ 6£/E/£) GLDfT^} LD6m<SS) L^miU 
S-(5ZDL_^^/ tgl-GUGnGff& Q&fT6frfr)J6l!ilLL($) ^jpfisSfG^lL^ 

r^GfrGsrgfgBGijGmrr dj ®S) Gin p p>§j ^fj^(S3r/Tdr. Qu<omLq. Gldgvgolj 
GurrmarruSlmiLD, <gii&j ^(/5 ^GfilmG<oij&LD £g) (§^^nr <si>, ^oj<m 

&66)6fTU<S5)LHLILh U(TfJlTL£)(Sb <55<S15T (y>(Lg ®J 6£J 6$) ®J ILf LD Q&§2l&&>i 

6£Lq.mrrm. GUGmuLiLjw Q&<smrD&i]. ^ojGiifT^j gDLbu&ii &>gg§JI$L® 
Q&<si$Tir)fTm. ^($)&& r^Lblo^LD ^ ^GVGir G ld [tlLl.it <^>sj<^(§ (sma^urrp 
L$Lq.$gj&Q&ir<sm'($) 9 Si^? (5/565' <g<S5LLif<si) <p$i3(njuurT(m. 

^<SVfQ<5$TlT(§ Qf5fTULu5l<sb (?LDOT<SS/7<a5)OT^Lp(g) <Sl/Lf5?/5<95 (Lp&t£®S)&> 

£§)© , *@" ) - (Lp®Qpi4- GurriLisL0f££ wosfl^o^LD Qgsm(iLp&LDrrdj 
(5LDOTr«/T(oi/JL.6ir ^(^/j^to^LDOjrra;, i3mm!T6b <$Lq.Qj[5& 
Qjrjrr&&frLbl<omu ^(suq^ld urr fr&&GSI<a)'<s&)60. <g\fe§>& &LDiu^§$6h 9 
Qgtij<sij<9 : Q&m<svrr& <s£(5 &lduqjld r£l&Lp[5$§]. q?lL@«(5*J Gurr& 
GfBfTLDmu ®S)LLL-.@ir6G)&iun<5V, GfilmpGurr&LJ* Gurr&G6ii<om®LD 
gT<sirgg)/Lb $®sxsm<Sii (Lp&gput: GurrLLuL(fi)r5&Gtirr LD<o$i$l<sb 
Coi.65ir.I-15 



210 Qi_&m&n 

2_<mrL-n<su§]; <sn®jfr <su<smiq.GS)UJ G<sii&Lnniu Q&®x$§jldul4 
GumruL&airpesflL-LD ^mrrft. ^uGurrgj GT$tt<sv iB&& ^^S)®) 
g^drGmrr® Gmrr L-L-rrfr ®j<omi4 <su&gl Q&irossr 14.(15 $$&. 
®jojfr&GtT £§)@/5<5 Gu<5mi4^^fTfjm $®sr§] <su<smi4.muj& &pgj 

§lLp&<§ULJ&&Lb <sfi\®S)&lUrT® <$>§}&&1 GQJ<^LDfTUJ (y>®tf©«S)LLz_/r<s5r. 

^<s*><5 <oT$$frufTrjrr$ GurjrT&&m£l, $®n§l ®n&uiSli4 sh erangi® 

€TLLL-f¥LD(5V 3> €1/ $ U G U FT <SST <SS) LD LU /7 (SU , L/(?l_ffl/jdrp 

«(5/E/<f5<si;§2/L_OT umL<smL-u5l<sb (gut-jp (sS\(Lg^^fjm; 

g>GaW G)<si/^t©/ Qu($&$ ^<3s@/r<si) G&tug] 9^(5i//5^ot/t. ot^/Aco 
sii/5^ GLDfTilL-frrf <su(zmL4 rglpupip® GurrgjLDrrm &rr<M&rr& 
L£l<5V€ViT<ss)LbiLjrT<sb qj fjn &&rr dSluSIm 2_ /_ ii z_S) <sfo <5jf$uGundj 
eSiLi—gi. <g<ss7/i/«<sfr Quif!§jLD <^&(§fj(sb Q&uj§j §£i$.<a//5g/ 
G&(§(Lpm QJ<5mu}-&Grr g)//OTr©ii) mrrLULDrrdju uprBgj Gurnu 
<si5)lLl_63T. Quff\§jw <2i&&m6S>L-[5$<su!JrTV $)F®mt® 
Qj<omL4&&rr jjit&^ld GvrriLjGoj^ loGot/tCSsi/^ld/til/ ®j<omL4&®nm 
<@il.L4xQ&rT<om($) GurruSlmfr. ^14^^ ^^& ^^ $%®n&&w 
£L.<5miJ®J!Y)rDfoJ<ssrrr£j ^F&& GojGrrmgSZlGb Gg>n\h$§} S)l_/5^ 
®j{jrr®&rrLSlmuj{s §n&& Qiu($\$$<zan. <g\ff>3>&> &».L-.L-$$<sSI(njr5$ 
&rru>ir<5V)GiitLifr u6S)$u<sz)&$$<sii[jrTiLi > ^luGurrgi gu^ ^mQmrr(rfj 
GmrriLL-irfraj<5mi4-<sv)UJ rg}g)j$&& Q&iugj, ^^l<sb Gurbg LL<otf\$®s)U 
$iu$§j GGH(omi4 3H0SV Qj[?rr&&nr lEIg^uj G&Gu&gj, 
®jrjrrujLjGuilGS)i- &rr&&rrt7 (m<M&$uj<9 : rr®r><oO&(&> ^ll^ 

Q&UJ£(TI7. 



gnripG^fKStiflfjrrujiTy 14.U14. &Q<so&L-(ri)mu.\u (oSCu^p^m gu/b§i 
<S>jqj (§&(&>& <95/r<szn<5Usi//5^(5sr£i) Q&\u{srTrrGr<shiu§i Q<3FfT<sb<svu ulLl_j$/ 

<S>J(Sb<5V€lJ[T! 2_L~G<o$r <F/T£JDL/£)<oL/£JO tBLD&jJ G&fT Ug&n^tLJLD, LDGU^dl 
&jmU&iGr>J£lL}LD 6FL_c$Qc£<0ff77p; LD<o$)pg>§J& (o) 65 /T SttfT 1_ OJfJfTUJ, 

"rjiTLuGrr! ojrr^Lh; o^iL&n (hjld <ormp &sx.$\iu Qj<5m<smLD 
67 £5) $6$ (/5 /5^5 <S£(Tf) p rr ip & n <sSl m iu & &LL14-& <$> n lL ingsut fr. 
^j&r5$fTULJLArr®n<s>]r$& G<Mmfflu5l<5b$nffi<£$iTft$ihijSlL-.LD sii/5^5^/, 

&nLDU&GlJ&>§>l6$I LO(5W^^)/5@U Qu(§g& gjmULDfT u5)(n>rB$fT6£JLC> 9 
££LD8)! g8lLg$)L-<!£ G^L^. QJ[B& <&(§ Quffl^OJ LD<Slsfl^GS)IJ g-.U&ffIujfT 'LD 61) 

@£)(n}LJ.u§] LDtr)ujrr(SV)g& (gjonpGijnrm <^iiff\iuQiDmQj /#<aj)OT£ji/, 

^<SlJ(f$&(g) ^&<Z$TLD rg]<ofi}&§]&> 85fT(LpLD <5& LD SJ/ & 17 IU UD U m 

rsrrp&fTGiSliiSiGV 2-.iL&>fth$&>nft* «^«lolo/t^lo £g)(5/5c5Q5?L_Lb 
G&rfiiurTWGv up$§\ Gun\h(sS\CL^nm, 14.014. ^Ggosl^it L&g/ 

^ O' 6OTL_<SU LD /7 LffL/ <55/T ^G^fJ ^sflpTT (L/77 /g/T L_«^^)<a? G & K &> IJ g F&J 
&>[T lL(§U5U@n$U GuiTGV &>LB§\ (tfi&$§>l(5b oSI&<SST<& @^<9><S3)Q7U/LD, 

j£iur£j&} 9 6^(5 f5fTii)<^fT<sSli6l<sb ^iL^frir^^jLo, ^.LL^rrrrnwA ^(skr^jiD, 

"c£/6)<£6iT63T §}6$)[J (LpQ£QpL-6GTiT u5\(nj&&(T G&STJ <gj Ol '& '/7 'LD /T <£ Cl 

uiLL^msrLD Gurr<9sGGU(omQ)QLD<okrgii $m&m «zj^slo ^gs}iuiS)iu 

GfilLLi—rrmuGLb?" (oTGkgu g<Qnj&&rr& ^(jlolSI^uit, 

OTrubu:- ([LDrrppjtBGOGtoL-pg (ifi^g^L-dr) ^ld; GJGSiontp&^LD 



212 GLom&rr ■ 

^uuiq-& G&djgj <sSliLi—rrGrj; <&rr{j<smQiD<sm<m? $fr ^uGurrgi 

<©i¥jfete«2>nn- j§)/5<5 Qojm6&6rrujiT&Qm<sb<aVrT ld (g/T/E/@<95<rfr; 
GuQmr(£i&&rT§2lLD <oi®uurr fr&<srr f &rr®S)&> ^&]&§5ir®}}iL 
^ij)juurriT&<srr; $m®m <Mp<aSI<sb<s5)<soQuj<sirrp] G&itl5I£§i& 
G&rrsm-GL- ^j(f$^frdr. ^/s/cS^js^liu &LSj-g$m$ t—Gugrnr 

<g{uGurr§} «snwigjcg GgiTiiungj. ^sudr Q&rru& §)nluq& 

fflfl^iflcS/TW©, <5jG$fT U^KSO 67(L£J9$) L-G U £ n i?} I_Lb 
^G&tfUlSlUJlSiGiT, €TQSTQsf]L-LD o5) <S1£ IU g 65) & ^ Q & $ 6$ g>§] , ^/T(S3T 
GjG&fT Qu(f])^£ Q®DlULD65),l—$§} SlS) C- L- <£ H" «95 Qu(j^QS)LD 
U/T/J/rLLig.«Qc5^(SW"L-/TOT. <oim&(&) <s>J6&)£5& G&lL& /£)/7ii) u <a/Lb 
®JQ5@&LDrr& ^j(3$g>§}- 6T<sbr6sr '<gjGi]6S)iG5)L-UJ l//tlLl_<ss7 <s3lL($ 

<SH®j&fjQLD6$rrpr[<sb, ^jgtp(&j «^/t/t ^/rdr <stwot Gl&ujGurrir&m? 
nsrKsfr^rrm ^(nj&SlGrpGGsr! <5tot<sf>637 anQj£&iJ&Q&iT<sm$ 
^jffg£)<s8)uj ^^iuLfQrD§i&rrG<m? ^«sbsug/ <=sy,g/ rsrr^m&^&tgiim 
Guit&lLOiGld. Ln&s?lff> ®«@ ^u^G^skprrsb, <^igrb&rr$ 
f$rr&®n&u /i? (J) /£/££)« Q&ir®rr6iiJ5!T? ^si/ot^/tot ^ii^.QrjosiQj 
i£}/7(SW@ QurT&lfpfT<sm; <sy<5V<o0gjj (^®j<srr)i®s)U-Uj &tf®nfj&rr6$fl&(&jg 
g>rrm ojfr^Gu^ oj$^®51(£)&}pg). <gjuGuiT§j ^frg£i ctuu^l/ 
GurT(&jLD? ^(skrononu Gunroju iSlp^^uiL/LD urr fr&&G<su<s58r($)Lb. 
<3{§}&>frm ^)/5^u uiuw^snlL-LD &l®S)L-iurT§}. ^<oW(SS)Ldu5)<si) 
^®j&ijLDrT®sr arrrrliLiLD ^<sv6orr §$(§[$ gir d), grrniiash ^®j®S}$ld 
<oT(Lp@ LDir lLub.it&Q 6fT<5sr(ri] FBir'sbr Q&rr(5$[Gmm. ^ojij ^oj&fjLDn^ 
£L/%/«£Dor <^rr&Q&rr<&<sQ$qf)rb&>iTmrrLD. fSfij&Gm GrBrfld) 6u$§j 
{j®Drt<3b G&il.&(s&<sb<o?n<sviurTLb. ^mmGfiJGfyUjGiAGirfpjLD ^14.^^10) 

<§$}&& 6$(Sb<S$)6VUJ(TLD. <oT<sb<SVITLQ &(T<m <5TmQp <S>j & LD U PT 611 LD ; 

G6xjQjprr<sirir)jLD<sb<oV. 

aFrrubu:- (^^^hjldr-^) rEmiprr& ^j(f^d^)p^j! au^gg§})6b 

<5T(Lp^iLD &IT{TitU(LpLD SLOTT®, <oT(Lgg>IT& « U ifl UJ (Lp LD 2_OT®. f&rTOH 



^<si/rJ?L_ii Guiroj&tf&rrdr ^)sx/(5«(g uoifltufrs&as Q&ujgj§i 
Guff<svG<MfT? <syt£&nru%(§&&)pG@! 

^irrfefc^iTgrfls- (Ljm&)rriLjGurT($)) rfrirm <s>j®j6$)m <s76y5?^)o) 

&mrfd(§JP$(T<Sl)(5b<5VQJ!T GUL^uSld) UUJLD? ^juGuiJ^j j§lii&6JT 

Q:&{Tm<sa wn^ifrlGuj r&rrm ^gu^l^ld G&rrsmGmdr. 
^W6$)d®r>L-Uj iSu^^nm (gjjr/s/gj iSlL^imTuSpGp; g>rrm iSuj-gjB 
(ipujGgj&(8) (tp<svrGp &rrm <oTG$Tprr®$j. ^ojGsy&nL-iu qpit&&ld 

$<oS$QJ®5)1—IULL($\LD «STOTgy Gu&fTWGO <S$L_(J)&5)lLGl__OT. J§)/5g5 

g^rsg n- p u 14. [5L-r5gii Q&rr<sir6rrGorTLD <sr<sir(Q] ^)/s/@ <a//is<3<£OT. 
iB&Gij-LD ^Gu&fjLDir&JB 45rT[£j&Q><str ^oj&jujld uiLi—GmCb Gunr<% 
'(3Hsi}tsmuj.iu &rrffliuLD Gun<5$(nj&Qp&i]?- gtot/t}/ gmflojnrm a^[r<sSl<A 
./35.-ttjXjD7r«fl5« G&LLu.rrfr. <s*J§], <sim<m ^shoj&u ^[rfiiiuGiDm^j 
G&lLu6&$u Gu n <s£\ ($$&>§}. 

<jy<Sff>£« G<35lLl_ &fTLDU&i6l]LD 2_L_(3<Stf7 <Sl$<Sff)L_ ^[TfTLDd) 

&>iu(£i&\ Giurr<9F65)m G&djgrrfr; gLoopani—iu Qu<sm &rr<smrrLop 
Guftdj<sSliLi—nrQGtT<siT{p] G&irwojgi, Qu<sm<ots$flm &p<s8>uuuip$\ 
^guit &jpG£&)&a ^L„rEjQ&rT($&(§LD eranioiLD, u<so ^jLfieuirm 

U^&rbJ&mGTT 2_(SW£_/7«@ii) SKSm^jiD, <£]§] <9S<S37#@ ^QJL£)/T<2OTLD/7tL/ 

(Lpis}-iqLD (ordr^jLO $<o&<5tt$$nn- <3smL-&liurr& ) 9© £)/#iu Qurrdj 
Q&rr<sbwGojmr®LD sidrrr)] ^rriArr &$$>§}& Q&rr€mL-_rrfr. ^iib&u 
■Qurrdju5l€srnr(sb tSI &($&(§ &M^6&$gimu(ys& ^6WL-rr6u&a)an<so 
Glujeir/pjLD, &>i£§} LDn 6srg>®s)&>3> &rruu&pG& Q&n<sb<souu®&\p§} 

(oTmgtfLD 0GtoGSr&& &ITLDU&IGU-LD, "^LD/TUD/ $rrGott G U (T <9> 

GajmruLiLj-.&GJ&pib&ntt- <oT6k®s)i<s5)L-.uj Quafifffgy«@ £-1—Ldli 
lB&gijld <s>jQ<9F<ofr&£}ujLn[T& ^(§&Qp$nib. a-L-Gasrojjp&nr'&firT&r 



214 GuD€$T&17 

i3uL&&isSleb<sto<so. £g)sw2i/ ®rrm<so (Lp&>G<sv u^n C5<a/6w®QiD^ 
<oT(Lp§$Q<om<zvr GTGsriprrn. 

ajrb$(5P$<M£rrr<str grriBG&iKSsfirjrnijfr, "/§ QuntijQ&n<&<so!T$ 
< &fd&&$§iun ioimgu CT/5Jc5<sySi_Lb ^l^lduuld Q&ihuGiJ®ff6b<s»Gi]fT! 
^uGurrgj Qurrdj Q&n<sb§2j£)piTGujrr! ^(§&&iL($\Ln" erdrgu 

"^uuuj-turr! @£p/5szr><5 GldOTc£/t<sv<5<5;/7 9 ^uGurrgj &l£u 
c55/TSD^@(5i) prrGm ^fiiiSl(!5^SI qpuuLLQ)u GurrosTfrm? 

S)/EiS}(5/5^ ®JGS)[Jl£}6b ^L-LDL$<5V @@ Q&($)g®}jLD ^(SVGVKSvGlU? 

&juGurr§j ^is^Wifjm^d <oT®sr6$r €nfb&>§} ? <5rmprrrT. 

&mwm- (&)$§j ^ujmjSl) ^®rrs$T ®Sliurr§$ <orm^jin <sS\gu\jld 

$rjGGU<mr($\iD. ^<si/<si/<SYr<si/ ^su&tjw. gjGprj £g)uu£f Gld(t&ld 
Q&ih§i(sfi}il-t—nGrj. ^<ssflGLn<sb rbrrGm ^g\j$L-Ld GfBiflGv 

^rf^jLDirprruju Gu&)<zvrrr<5v <o7Wc£gj rflrjLDUOjLD G&rruLD <surs§l 

GfilQ)L&. ^$®STfTsb <SlSWJ<ol) «/T/fluJLD Q«l1® U<3u/TLb - CT6S7/7) ff /T. 

^rrEBOg&rrafl:- (lSI&Oljld ^/£l//jld6^l_/5J$/, &rr ibu® &*$$$<§ 

SI/ /5^5 §]<5kui£<S$)@J5 &<ok®S)imL-UJ&!T& ub^^^ojurrdj G<suq$ld 

GuftlL®) goGiurrf Grmm ^(§ld &rEj&L-.LDrr uSl^aSlroG^! §}®s)rj 
&_u5} ($&(&, lR(q&\uj ^u§&)} G<suQpmm ^(f5<i^p§J? $fii&m 

Gll!JGffS(5bQDGoQlU(SkgU G&ITULb ^_ SWL_ /T (SW/T SI) 65/1(5^7 (o7W657? <57<ffS7W 

&rfrj<sm&i§>i<s$m6b ^<si/<si/qt<si/ ^Gu&rrLDrr& (jggrr G&C&u u(^S)ip^j 

(FfskTU <o5><9$ <^£ /J/T IL/ /gdg/ UIT fr^{£<5V6V6Lirr «/T/fliULO Q&LUluG®J(Sm(j)lLD. 

&&&&&u^ujL^&&a!jmQ<M<^<MturTih ^(§&{£)fpG£. £§)/5<5 (LpfjL—<s&r 
<oG)&u5)<sb g^(g G§}<sb6orr<o5)<sijGuj <^uq^^^G^LLu.fTrf<^Gm! rsirsm 
<si&)g>®$)mQujrr &Q<50&L-.ff&>®s)<snu urrir^$(§&&>)GrD<okr; Gwii&G&Gmj 



u/rg)/«(§/E/ &u<su<sb ya)<sw«(g/^ Q&>tfLpm 215 

Qurr<mn) @\®nm Q®j<s$)<sv& <®/T#7ra<s$L_Lb &($)<ss)Lb ®iTLLi4.mrr<ob, 
gm]'&G8)<sfru Guirmp &ld ^$&<oh)3j]<sh<srr Qu(§^^ ^^i&fral 

&<ofilL-@§$<5b fffrTLDUOLJLD LD l?l UJ IT <S8) $ UJ fT & r$L-fB&tf Q&rTG(T<Sll§J 
QJLp<&&LDrTLD. <g]<SlllT&m & <5m 6®sfl IU LD IT <o$T l£><S3T<Sff><55<£ 

Q&rr<5mL--6iifr3,GiT. ^<sum lUfrGijrr ^pu utusb; ^jojg&t 8<ss)LOti5l<sb 

<S£(/5 S^LDLJiLL^^)}GS)L^lU LD&6VTITLD. £g)/£c£U U IU (51) £g) /5/ G <S5 
^)<Sy<ol/QT(Sl/ ^L-LDLIiJLD Q&UJ§J J£frG®ff (JITgOlT Q <SXJ OSf 7JJ/ 

$<o5)m£b§}& Q&rr<$m(£} rbLDOftLD Qiu<&<svirw^LLui-m®j&&)prrG®sT. 
®joj(sk Gurrm <oUQI)<s^ld «^,/p/ LDrr&LD pggrr ojrrm&l&Gl&riGm® 
3®$)LD&(g)LJ GurTu5}(§r$giTdr ^(sbGoairr ? ^\uGun§} fbld&jj 
Qgij[B]&uulLui- Q®DLB$g>rrfr <s8pn&m£l <sim<omrQS)L~ujnqi)LD 9(5 
QSlturr8 : &liug$£l®fr Qunr(^iL(g\ @mLD&(&>u GurruSl(!$n>&rTpTTLD. 
6UiT<smmL--UjrriT^!p£§](ffirrmuj&!pQ&M 

a ggr gr>/ <ss)L-iu c9/L/L/g)/c$(5^ g®s)(sv ^)ot>/t^^/« 

Q&nmsTL$.QF>{5i£rimrrLD* of® 6^(5 on&iu&GOLb ldu LL(£\&Q&rr iLu$-<sb 
umS^fil ^)(75j5^/rtb, <Mrr<oisr<S5)L-UjrT<sv)[T'£-LL&rr[T& 8^l~ Q&rr<axso 

(^L-L£l6b6$)60lUrrLD. ^jSlIGljmSlj G&6U6VLDITm6ll<m ^)/E/(5<95 61//5Ji/ 
@)UUUj- /5/TL_<55<5@6U SU (5 LD IJ fT ®g fT GS)<S1J U G U K 6V G Gll <Sty LD 

{£UJ(T(orr(LpLD /fjgljL/LD ST/S/ S) (/J /555/ 5L<oWL_/T@Lb? 

^/rOsuOTc^r? G><s5<su6u£ £)^n r Lfi<sbQ&ujLjQjrriTrij ^j(^^§rr<sb mmm? 

<^/SJ)c95LO/7<95 ^)(5«@LD. ^)<Sl//f UJIT ($ <o$) L. UJ iSi <SYT ®T> <oTT iU fT UJ 

j§)@/5<5fl"<si> $LD&Q&mm? ^gip(§tD {5ld&@ld stotot ^ldu^ld? 
GTggonmGtijrr <sfil o$ uj tii &<sfil <sb ^JaiGrr ^<sm<smlujLDrr<ssGijLD 9 
Qu((^ld /_/<£££) <s?r>(L/« ■srTiLui-tLi.LD- r5L-jp§f Q&fT<ohGn®51<sb<oV)<sviijrr? 
<g*j<ob<oV&ii Gufilm iSijLj&&^<m iSlmanm&GwefffriJ ou^^upnff&Gm 
<S>{<siJif&<5rr <oT<sbG<5vn(Tf)iJb ^juui4.uuili— ^^S}[Tldlo Q&tUQJ§>}<5b 
Gsasoiun? si^u^mubnm &nfrliuiD Q<3FUjQj^)<sb<ss)(Svajn? £§)<S3)<9$ 
Q(L/si)<a)/TLb 9(5 Qunr§j etil $ tu rr& GnGug^&Garrmsr® 



216 GLDm&rr 

gg)<si><sff)<stf. £g)j5/6U<ss>fru5)<si> fBfrosr ^ffflrB&GLKznrjuSlGb, £§)<sii/r stok 

@<om(Lp6G)L-iLJGi]iT erdrGp Q&rr<sfo<soGeumr®LD. ^mrr®), ^<tirQj 
S)sjj/T Q&rij@gj ldu^ulo €xQ^rr ^uurrm <H<om<5m$8$m i%/ 
Q&ibmu utLui.(S&®pgl- $1^$ r5LD(Lp®nL-tu GojGvmuiSlff 
Q&mGp Q&[T<5b<ooG<M<om(£iLD. ^oj^uldus <supG<M<sm®QiL&fg)} 
{$)<si//t Q&rr®)<sSI &(§$&> u 14. p (r m Gurr& <s6)<5b<oX)<so. &<sm$& 
{§)$$§!& G&nruLD s_<sOTL_nr<sii^/ LD<szfl& &uiTGi]r5&rr<svr. ^uuLq.& 
Q&ujgj <o3®Gun-Q[j<skf(£j r&rrm &(f>G$&\&§} ctot@/ot>l.uj 
grrmrrrrlL-LD (SWctf<aS)<s5 Q^U€mu^(^^G^dr. &rrrfliuLD ^uul^Guj 

^l®jLDnon(LpiJb si®s)i—fF>g>nfr. (nmpnr^jLD ^os)^u urrprnl.L-.rTLD<sb i 
&fTLDuff\(5)j^Qn Gr5rr&&LDGurr<so $>ld§} Gu&an&iLjLD $q$ulSI& 

Qc$fl r <oW/_/Tfi\ 

9(75 gSIg^iu^Ggo g>rrm QponQ&rru$§l<s6m<3b ^®jfr ^juu^ 
Q&iu§j <oi5)lLl_/7 '/r. &uiTQj£§$(ob£iij&LorT<svT (§6m(^<mL-iuQjrrgrr<sir. 
L/^@ii/LD Qu0LDLi&§>l&rT<oir. ^oD^uupn^ &[5G@&L£)<ob®s)(0O. 
GTmiprrGgiLD, gLD&(&) <jad ^^m^^i^jmm ^fcj&(®nja(&, ^Gu&rjGub 
^jGVGvrrg <5>rr (jGwrmrr u$lQj)$&rr<sg}Lb ugorra Q&nr($)&a 
Gsij€mLq-uS}(n)&&, ^jgijgijoito^ ^sucj/j &iDUj$f£l®) Glait&ld 
Q&dj&£®ffrrG<5VJ5rr6k <surr<sm<s5)L-Uj(T(T Q&nGn65r<s5){£& Ocj/rcygJ/Lb 
u/4. GpiTipsb&ij. <orri]<9sm<srru GurrGO ^©/SjS^gyzi uit^&lBgvotksv. 

<5& p (§&lL®&& K [?$$)]&(&) L$l6fT6m6lJ L/ 3} L/ U ll L_ /T <S0 , <Sl5?/7)(g 

aLL<SF>L-iuiT<sb ^ ls^ljuG^ ld(5/5^/. rBrrfoj&m <oTLJuuj.iurTQj^j 
&ubFT<sBt£§i& Oi&rrorrGGijn" Qldqsjqj Gf5rf&§$ujrr&u Gu@)mnfr 
fjrriuff. ^igs)$& G&iLi— &rrii)U&}<sii&§?lp(&j (LpmosflsgjLD <s>jfi$&rrl&$ 



GuffllU LD6^@(l])&(&jLD <3j <Sll fJ&[5J5 IT 6&T; £)<S3r6ST LD 6tiflj£(f])a @ LD 

^GU&rjrB&rrm. Gufiliu LD<osfl$(nj&(8j ld!J^^\[jld~ rjggrr& 

(o)£637W? <snr<s&«i><©<3&i^ <sot @<§par SIijftof ^@«r. 6TS3TcS@ mm 
Gusmonsmu upf$ <ST<si/oj<syr<si/ <o3&®stld ^j(f^^QpG^rr, ^/Q>a/<sw<si/ 
oSl&mLD @)m®rr w®sf\&>(ii)&>(&>LD <9$lo§/ Qu<sm^Qfyiug§$<S)) ^j(§A(^ld 
2_<sm<s$)LDuS\6Q ^Gu&tjLDrrm ^rrffliu l£I(i^^it<5V, 6T6vG<oorr(nj&(&}LD 
rT6grr& Q&n®t5§l Si§i^rruw «/tlLl_ G<5ii<omQ)LD. Giurrdjiurfm 
&uL.^LDfTuSl(§^^rr(sb i sKssr&gj trG0rr&Qarr®uu§j ^Gupfr^ih, 
GurnLi G&rT(svr<5wr£ir)arr& $<5mis^&8>Q<si)6m(])\LD. is^uts^ 
<&Q<sti£>L-.ryrr®sf <sr<osr«(#j gSIG&g^ LDf?lujrT<ss)££-&iTL-L-.6fil<abG6><so 
Q uj<5Wf^ §j<oV)[j lB§j (gpjprEj&eLtrijGiigi <Q(LDr£i&d)6i). <^fG^nf ^uun<m 
<tf<sm<om^£5rT<sb, <5i<ffl<o$)\®s)L-.iu <$iGU&{j£B<s$)&>& &6U6$flujrrLD<5b rr®D!T® 

Qc95/T(5)<£<35 LDfrtf&g Q g !T <SM 6V) 17) U U ip $ g> j£ (T GSJ $n 63T 

<sS\&<smuu®S\Gpdr" GrmrprriT. &ld$] &Ffwfr$$\ULbnQST ^@5<£@ 
QLDnLfl&®s)<on<!k G&iL® sjLD/rpoj/r/T gt&tk)] $®s)m&&, 
&rr$G&rT<orfl(jiTUj(nj®s)u.uj G&rrip&G&m en ldu@)<siild 

&<sm<mnt3dimLDrr&&\, ^oj^^u.uj &>uunm &(§&®s)g> 
<g>j®j(§(5G)L-iLi (Lpag§$G<svGm ^Lq.uuos)^u Guno) Qwtriflrb&>nfr. 
^fr^G^fTosflrruiufr Qu%/ii QgulLSi 9 .^ji^ffl S^drfo (grjrrijan&ij 
Gurr<sv <s£)l£i$§) §jG@rr QmrT&m®sT G&iuuqj$&!JuGljit<5v& &Qip 
@<^!P§jQ&rr<smL-rriT. ^i®j(§®s)i—tu &6m&ffl$65)[j6V)iu G/5/r«S)aT. 

^uGurr§j r5rrparT<sSl& &ir<svLq.u5}(sb£B)L-r5& 9® &\guuli& 
&rr&\g»LD si eu (/5 <ss) l_ iu « <sot65 syS <si> ulLl^§j. ^§}G^j 
Q&Gfc®5)®nuS\€Sl(n)$8ii &itldlj§)gii$$p(§ <su$g> &>$&$; ^y/s/(g 

&m&LDLDITffllTG£lLD & U LD U @l <SU $ g PT G£J LD L_<£<£ U UL_L_ 

^{jGim${5§$<sb ^/cjfl^ni- G&iuujljlilLl- £/sj§) &rrp$d> upfe§i 
&GLp ®$}(Lpp§j r5rrparr<oSl ^u^uSIA S]l.^§}. $rr&Q$na&!jnujff 



218 •> ' G>£jD<SOTV95/T 

$pQ&iu<so(rih ^&$Q<soGtu $L-iL&n frij&§} O^rremi^frA ^juGufr§! 

^(oumLDfrmu u(5){5J§)<£ S(3zp (§($vfltLJ& Q&dj$rT.iu<sb<soajrr! £§)<3a>/r 

«2__OT<S2nOT ^OJLLfTmLD U ®{5§1 LD U 1$. £_ sSrgp/ <Sff) L_ *L/ g[E§ilGuj 

^)^ar^^/«Q«/rOTTL_ /j/Tiii/r, Oldg&gu ^<m&Qiu®^&Q&n-<snm 
r§l®nm£S&nfr. &n&u&<M&§$ir)(& > <oT^ifr\<sb Gwos)®® LD^s)p^(§^ 
^mLLiurrd), <3i<sufr &rr§il45&GS)g>u L//T/r<£«<s)5)d)6ff)<a?. (Simpirg^jw, 
^rr^G^fr<^fl[[muff <@(§ ^^^jjld Q&dj4&rr-nr; g>W(Lp®s)L„uj 

^jG^L-LJUOJirGufTioOS 1 Q&=UJ§tI <£{$&> <^!5@« «/tS)^^^ot Gldsi) 
6$(LgLbULIl- <g>j6G)gb<S)5lLLL-.[T /T. £_L_'G>OT SCSip (&}®&$§1 

od^^lLg^L-O^ujilild, <g>j&<5$r SyS)®/^ $[5§?lmiLitqLb <spmp{TUj& 
GcF/t^G)^©^^^ &LL&jj &iLmL-U <5S)u&(&,(sh Q&rr(ff)$)& 
Q ^u (omru.fr rr. &itldlj&)<5ijld &<sm®i3L^j£§]& G^l_l_/t g)/ zjd s^tS)^ld 
gojfpjj&svrrdj <j<si/«d5<£(Sc9s/7@ Qjr&§}6SliLL„{£n&& Q&rr<sb<5i)£ 
^rruDfTstsfl^gjfi Q&rr<smL„rrrr. ^\$&>u d&irihu^rjiufrggrrGVLD <3srr$b 
f&Ltlo^^^}p(§m r£)<s$)p($6i]ii5)uj&ij. o-t—Gm, ®S)uju®nu£> ^ftiLu^uj 
(Lp&^Ggrr® <y/TLbL/^)(Sii^OT)d5 GfBnr&Sd, c \^#/r/ g>r£]&(§aj®s)L-.tu 
(&j<mrLD<sb®)G<sijrT (&j6mLDi (oTuGuit^jld GL£xsbrLL&&®fT 
Gwmis>&&Gm$rr<sfc! £§)/5<§5 ^(Sii^rj^^Gb <5t&&(§tij&(8j Fggn& 

lE1<$gijld Qprr<9i&iDrr®tf G&ituld lSIjp/bGZi^&^ld. GurruSlsb ojtBgoSigiJb 
^_/&/c95(sy5cS(5 FF&®jrr6vr <sp(f^rBfr^LD (&,®r>p6if <o5)6ija&LDrr lLi—ITgst 

<oTQSTQj &ITLDU@)6lJg®S)&LJ L/<35Lp ^[fLDLSl^mf. 

a=nrii)u:- (ym&ifluGurr®) ^uGurr&tf Q&rT6kr<m /f@ 

/5li(ip<S5)L-tUJ^<SS>/r<95(gii Gu/T^/SjytJDtSUcSUiSlJrr? c95G(SU<$£_/TU^6l5)c£@ 



^rr^G^fTosflfjfTUJiT eKsvrm Q&iu<svitit? ^jgujt (SigusSI^ld 

Gu&\6SriT6gILD &ITLDU@)®JLD ^f^p^GlDiSb <5T&n oflgT)/ LO Q&fT<ob<sSl 

<M<o&<ffl&^&Q&rr<srr&)rDrrfr. ^jgwTIl-Ld <5i$5\ng§ju Gu&qj$p(§ld <s>j8jj 

&LDIULD6V60. ^fT^f 6S(75J§)6L//5d5 aiTlflUJLD fffoDp G(oUpGojsm®LD. 

6^(5 Qmrf&®s)Qsr Ggrrmfrjj&Jpgjj. ^i§i grrrhi&m LDGsrtBlp^u 
l$ul.&(&>Gldit GTmmGsiirT? GTGsrpnfr. &mjbuff\ojw, "ototott 
GiurT&®s)m9" GTmpnfr. ^rf^G^fr^sflfjrfujn y i<, G<suQp[jmQjLbl<sb(o^)(5t); 

§I<SG)IJ (Lpg<5$i(Sb ^&$U-j5$>l60 <5T$$65HSGlGujrT 6>5)<o^UJ/E/<£6$(oU Q&£j^ 

2_^g[j6il&<5ir><si{r iSlptgj $ 65 /t m ld /t m Giurr<9 : <o^<m Q&ih&tf 
LDrrp$lu$l(ji)&§>\prTfr. <sS\ ®% m ld ^<sm<ss)LnuSld) 

^(M&ijLDn<smQj5mrr)}LD, & > rrr£}8>®(r ^j®ftg)J <s>j <su &} uj ld 
ULLL-<sm$§}&(8jLj Gurr& G<su<omQ\QiDmgiJLD, ^iugijG&'ili^j 
LDf£jULq- ^Q<oorr&QS)®sT Q&iu&jj p®gn-& Q&rr($&&G6ii<5m($) 

QLD<siT^JLD 6£(5 &Lq.t5LD <oT(L£>J§) <5Jm®sf!L—LD Gl&fT Q\(hJ&m. 'FSirstr 

Gf5rfl<svGurriLJ g-.6m65)LDiun6$r ®Slo$ujiij&®n<ofrg Q&>fr\GS\$>&t}, rBtii&sn 
l£I(&)!5& ldG&mt &(gij<9 : <5V$£5)mrT6v ^Jmtry &rr®r>GOuS}(sb gultgSIwgvkdO 
Guj&rfgj &*.$, ^GijfflL-LD Pggrru Qupn)}&Q&iT<5mQ\ ®j(rij£}Gp(5fc. 
<oT6kr®nm ^jguit ^jmgu LDrT®n<si) rsnrdrtgj LD<smfl&(& l 
(Mrj&Q&rT<sb<^uSl((ija£lprrrr. /j/tot ^juGun§j £g)/5<95« airifliu^^^ 
(LpiSL&SlGpdr. /5/tot G&il-($&Q&rrmrL„ <ot/bj£ Gojot*® 

rrggira S)^/_«@lo. $mi&m 2M(nj&(&,u Gurr&& &)$g>LDn<3> 
S](5/H/c95<syr <oT<obrpfTfr. 

^ m&® (3<$l_l_ &rTLDu@)GLiLD SGifi (^osf\^§i G m /t &<o&m 
Q&dj&afr. ^ld«@« @Lp £L-&$Giurr&(sk>&(jrT<z5T ^rrf)sb^fT h 
(LpGVLDrrsa au±$u> CT(Lp@i Q&n(£i$§i <s>l<sii<S)S}&LD g)urnt& Q&iulu& 
CWsoci/g/ ^<su(rF>£>(§ ^Lfl®jrr&$ G$rT®>r$iugj. goSlp, &&$ 
2_<$<si5)<s*)(u gn@)<5b$rTrrQu!f)$rr& uD$$§]&Q&rTmMrriT. tL£$Gturr& 
(Lp<oS)puS)<sb GLD<5V$&rn?lLLjnm grrLD, iSlp<& ^\(suqs)U 
<3tgijgSI(s^uj^§2]ld a<omuL.g£<sb (LpLq.iurrLDp Gunr^GLDmgstjLD, 
&$<ssm<sfo grriJb &ld§j 8>L-®s)LDuS\p lSIgvlpG&ujuj G^{§Qldqst^jll 



220 GLDm&rr 

^liSluiBuniurii Q&<srr®jrrQrj<sbr(rLi GTemGssfl&smjr. ^guit ^jdjGUfT^j 
®!5$$$l($<&GS)&ii5}<sb 9 ±.iLlhp<5$<sSI(!5P$ ul^Giu, £g)/H/(g 

$L-.r5{B<Slip®S)ip& <95<Sli<Ssfl ^$($$g> &66T&LDLD ITO/t' 6F/T iiuffi<SU<$<SS)£ 

Gr&rr&&} SL.mGorr gu^lduu^. <om&&s)& G&iu&rrm. 

apiriiu:- <sy ld ld /t m &^ULS\®S\pfTm i GKmosrGGijm^j 
G«i1®<s)5)lL(5) <a/ © S) G p<sk. GarT(«h)<!FLD £3)25 (i - otot^/ 
<9^$&Q&fT6mGL- 2-<srrG<srT G&<ofoiprTfr. Gunrrii&)Giu(Lgf3$ &>®n§i 
^j,&G>)!J{5®n@U-ILQ> oS)&<m@<sv>&iqLD G&rrij)&<$rrnr6giLD ^ iSl /5 iu di 

&<o&r&LDLDrTffl, @rT@)<sb$rT(5V)!j& <£6S5Tl_<si/l_ot <jg(b)r£j&) s_LL^p^si 
a_£l«/T/7 Goj(5mi4.uj^] &LLL-rriuubiujuGunm§i; ^Giim GuftlgjLD 

&>] IS^&l] I4.g$ 611 SUIT & £_2_L<95/T/7/5#i/ G 611 6ffl u5l 6V /5L_/5<$ 

&LDUrT6i$6S)6mQ$)lU rBG$TiprT&& &6U6$j£^&Q&IT6faLq-(njip$rT<Sn. 

s_<sfr(S<SYr oj/jaj &rr ldu@}6ii@6G)& G/5/t<k£), "^/8l/ G si/ /d 
<siiLfiu5l<5v<o$)6V; ^uQur[§} lBgvt Gllo^ld urrfr{B§}S> 
Q « /t Gwigi (/5 /5 55 /rcu /r mrrGV, ^r$iurrujLDiT&u Gusm rBLAa&JebGvrr 
ldgv Gurruj®Sl($)LD; £§)/5#5 S-gS^GiurraLD GunGvrrnsv Guu^lL^ild; 
Gojipj GTipg Ggugitksv Q&dj&rru5)<oG)iLb L$6&i£&^uGurT&<5vrrLD. griia 

6$&&)p&^65)gU GufTGVLJ U^lGSTU^J 6lHU^6fT6^ 6U<Snfrg>&> (§Lp[5<o5)g 

GurTGmrrd) ^(tj/s/t^/jd ojijrr^j. GujfT&GftGsr G&ibmnGg,; &iq-&>Cn 
<oT(Lg§$&Q&rr(7l). ^u&§j G 611 6$)<sn uSl <sb S^p £_<g;££)(p(Lff7"<3S<syi) 
^5g)/OTL_iL/ ^j£<sS\mujujfBg>rT®n $rr u.Gojem(^LD; oScm 
<?ld5(Syr/7(5i/63<stD65L/ u n un LLi—fT Gss. GuuSlgu 6ii<sS)&£}ipQ$ sirip] 

<S3)(51i63^)uJ/f?L_zi GumLl LD(^j^^] (SUITfBjS) 611 (fl) LD U Lq. G&6U& 

Qrrih}&{jn®Q-°65)<S)j ^lagiuiSlGsnrGm; ^gi <sp(Lprii&rr? ^®s)&>u 
GunfGV ^)67S)^iqLb s^(5 6uuSlij)fpj Gij<sSIujrT& r£}6&(oW&^&Q&rT<srr; 

^g)/5#5 ^U&,§] GGUODGffuSJGV 6J6l}6)5\^LDfT6tST (^6mjp6lj QJ [Sg K §}] LD 

unif&&uuL-rT&i]" (oimfr)] 2L.rp]§ii\ujrr&& &n.r$6&rrT6rT. 

&nLDU@)6ULD Giinrdj j§) /r) <si/ rr 63 <si/ /j /r il/ 2_L_(p65r §$(§ldl3 
<sx//56J/t/t. "rrmuGtr! ^jLOLDnsrr ^l /§/t Q&n<sb6gjLD Giun&6V)6MU 



U14. G&ujiuGDrrGubG&rfgj G&msoGgiSljpfT&r, n>rrm ^uuls^Giu 

<oT&r(r)] Q&rT<sb<sSluJ ojGmtsmLb 9(5 d5zjj_<95ii <oT(Lg$& Q&[r($ia>$rrit. 
^6$)g>u Qun)(r)j& G&rr<smL_„ prrrajrr, " pirdr ^frm(^ LD<s®$<k(3) 
gj<S5)[XuSlL-.LD Gurr&lGrom; s_t_(S<s37 ^hgu(§^l^oj £^<5/to)QJ 
<5i//t/&/Sq5)(5)S)C§/D(SW. (oi(oir(S3)ar^«S)/T£JD ^(sufr ^i^uiSleSliLL^neb 
$nGm ^)<si/5i5?L_^@if)(g GpiflGv <su(f^S}Gp<sk. ^uw^ld/t^ld 
Gurr<s£l(r?)rB&rT<5V, 9© G&®j&®$flu.LD G&rTdxs£l iu^juqQGipm; 

^drQufT(Lpmu Gu@}q5}lL($ oSloni- Gupny&G&ndm® 
gnpG$rr6$fl[nTUJiT GgusSIuSI®) /35 l_ /565 /t /t. 

gfT UJ!T(!])LD, LD(5S)<olSrUJfTL-Lq,l^LD , "pgglT Si <Sff> L_ <K @ (5 £D /T 
$®S)(o5T&§J Quftl§}LD LDQSra&GU<oV)<SD G&rT<Sm® <$jr£sSg <g&fi$«5<g5 

Guprnij, $rrr5G&rr<osfl(jmu[rgj Qjrjm<su ^suGsorr® <n$frurTn&> 
^)-(5/5^ot/t. /^dr/ri/ eu&rfr^ GupGpnrr Guif}Giurr(§&&<mGiprr 

g>LD§} @Lp/5<S3)^<55(Sy5?OT ^(J^mLD £„®T<SnUL%. Q<35/fl^li. LDSVll® 

Lb(svfl$[irr<5vr G u($pG$<s3ujLDwrr®rT &rTLDrr<smGuujfr (tp$<s$luj 

&niLuff\Gii<J£$i<5tf <ss)LD$§}<55r<smrr®sr SiLL-frm^(sm§} ^««/rdr 
£D«<syr Gw<sm<sv)&<oZ)iu&g<ovr&(£j L£><omr&§i Qair($i<ix eSl&meo Giump 

<ssxsu£§$(r5P&rrdr ^uSlgyu), ^.€w<s*)firr<5 pdr ^vSl^^uSltjrfdj 

Guq5$G$><sS\ yp$<sSlGujrr<snir®Gsr<&$&& Q&n<ssrgj<sSl($\™$n&* 
Q^mAeSli- Qirrew<Siu>, Gu^ld §]iu<sv[Tllild G&rru$<s$)$iL]LD 
G&rr<sm($\ $($[5$rr<sir. <%,uSlg»LD ^cwgp/A® id/t^@/j/jd u© 
$nm}<5>& ^u.gS1<sv®t><so. ^Guck G^niLi^^p^u Gurrih 
G&(T(puLbrT& GurTg>mu> G^uj§jq51lL& Gu$&>rrm. ^€uif^m 



222 GtDm&rr 

^gp^GlDGV &LD LD fT o5)©ci« ^QJ ff&Orm <SV ^lU<SV®S)<5V<oV)<oO. 

Slili^mm ^rT^G^iTosflumufT oSili^p^ Si^juu $<ssxm£$miT. 
^uGurr^j 9(5 G&oj&m ^ii^Grjmgj sl-iIljpld §]mLpr&§] 
G&ld)<5vrra o-t-wmu suQS)(srr^§j &nLDU@}<oiJ$&r>& <sv<5mr£i§>)m!T<obr. 

&rTLDU&)®JlD i U STOTOTL_fT <97E/<95@? GTmi£l(§&3l GlJ(§£)p!T IU?" <S7<S%/ 

GurflgiLD ^gijGsvit® G&iLL-rrfr. &n Lbu&)ad$Gg!issFlL-Lo 

Q®<5V<SVfTLD rglrjLDUGLlLD ^&&LD ^£60(760, Si (SU^JODL^IU 2L.1—LDLJ 

rs®i£j8ilujgi; <sun\b (^Lpr^uGurruSJp^j. u &Q<oO&L-.fr (oT&mrrdr - 

• (3)<si)<stf)<su GT&LDrrm! ^rTGgj&rr (oT&LDrrm ermn)] <sjG^rr Q&rT®)<so 

^(jLDiSl$&®Li<sm, grrdr <zprG$n &<5iifPiJ&G0fT&& Q&rT6V6{)l<S)SlLLL-$rra 

r£)<oV)®tfg§J ^ 63763) OT65 $($$$&Q&IT<smL-.rTm. Stg>P(&>Gub(sb Gu& 

LDjprBgiGurrvu oSliLi—nm. ^^^««riir® G&rr urhiQ&rr<smi_ 

&fTLDU&l(5lILD, "<S7<S157OTL_/7 (& > lLiq„8 : &GuQ{j! <sSl LfilaffiprT ih? @&&)[JLD 

O&rrdKs&g Qgrr<o5)<so. £g)/5<55 Sipu &fhj&§$®s)iu& Q&rr<sb(sv 

GU^Slpuih?" <5T(sirprriT. 

@>&<m&<8h:- ^LOfT (oT&LDrrdr! &n [£j&\&<szt ^uSluGun^drmi 
rjrrujif <oT&LDfrm Q&rr(sb<5D8 : Q&rT6mmrrrii& - <oT6&Tprr<5ir. 

OTTlEli:- <^/<ol//t <o7/£i<95L_/7 ^(/5 «S /7) /7 /7? .., 

e<3FQi: - GgrrGrr urii&mn gljgo si6U($&(&) G<suasxso 
^(nfj&tgjgiTLD. g-fflGnp ^)(§rsg<oijr£]& Q®j<sfilG6V siGV&rjLDrr Qjrs§] 
67W<ss)<oS7d5 &lLjiS1lL($i, ^§)i5<5<£ &[£j&§$<s$)uj 6£i_G><s37 <^is^.ujfT^§i 
<sT<3FLDrrr5J&)L-i— Q&rT(sb<s£luL]LL(b) 6111J& Q&rT<sbTGGmr&j&; <s£jL_(3<s3r 
£_<sh<ofr GunaSlL-L-friij^ - <5Tmprr&r. 

cg)/<s?D^d5 (2«lLl_ &rTLbu&}<sii£§il<sbr (Lp&£&$d) &r&Ggrr<styLD 
®dgu<sS14£££§i. <sy®>rnp] &rr<o5)<5Vu5]<sb <5T(Lg[5g§j (Lp^<sb ^uGunGg 

^jOjff LDGSTLD (ip$m (Lp<95<SU/7c95 ££(/5 &)$§} Ub&lLp&&\ ^65)1— $£>§}. 



U ^UUi4-0J[T? &Lq.^LD <S£6#ffr)]LD Q<35/7(J}<55« oSlWGSHSOtUrT <?" €T<skfpfTIT 

&&mt- ui-L—<omLD G u rr gu <sv fT w ; &fi\CjuiLL^rr , 6i&L£rrm 
rju5)§£&(8jLJ GurrrDg8jj&(&j (Lp6k<mrrG<sc i ^si/di® ®urB§j 
un rr&>S\Gpm^j Q&rrmmrnij&; ^djojmGii^rrm, 



dFrriDu: 



<gj U U L^UJ fT (oWfTGV <5F/f?; /f GufT - <5J<skp fT /T. 



Gmmfpj <^lLi—Cd i5liq.4b§i ^jfJ<smQ\ $L£l€)$rii&<ofil<sb ^rr^\<sb^rrf! 

^m$m :- sjosn^fT Q&rr<smmrnLm? 

CS^oj s- Q&rT<sb6£lLLGi-.<m. 

^n$<^i- GJ<sk<s$r Q<3FfT<sir(5vr!Tfr? 

$&&m :- ffigw"gg)//jD Q<Ffr<oi)(SU<su<Si)/E/c9s,* &ifi$rTG&r GurT<5k<o$TfTf£j&; 

^nrrflgb s- G&6U&U u&Slifl 67f£jG&? 

LDfT 65)60 ^(ipjLDGGsFl &LLUJLDFr<S8T§l; G&6U&U Ufr&lfil i_/63T6S7"<Sff><35 



224 Gwm&n 

u&iBnfl:- uf-UUj. &Q<so&L-Qf)LD 9 Q u if) iu ld ld n <sy ld GurrGuu 
Gurrforrrsja, \jm<5>\jn& GlutojgvGgo, uj-&£)l-($) ojrrrzuau 
u<mr&Q&n ®&§iC-L-.rr [&i&. ^ojdr 6.45 lo<sW?«@ pru5l-Gpi&(§u 
GurruSl *$.#£) lL (J) ®jnfci&u Gurripndr. ^ei/tAta Qrrmr($\ Quq^w 
&nlujrr 7 &€&$&(§ (juSlGgj&t&fU GurTfpnm&. 

QufrpuuQ)^fTLD. 

^nrtfla) %- &ft\; r£l GtBrrn&u Gurr<s8<SYV ^<s&T<sh)Qu&L-iT q^(§ 
LDULJiSldr<c^€fr <s8iLiq.jp(gju Guituj, /5 rr ®$r rjrr gGgifil <oTlL(J) LA<omf!a(§ 
<SH6it[rG$iLLq-p(3 ) QjQ^SlGiT)QGsrQSTQ] Q<5F77(Si;<s$<si5)lL(5} si! rr- Gvasipnh. 

<&l<oLKsfr"*gjLJLJi4.Guj Q&iuiuQrD6Zr (ormrry G&rrGVtfS) oSIlI® 
Q(Su<ofiluSlir) GurTih^SliLi^nm, ^u^G^frosfltjmufr gus oma .£LL_G><sar 
f5<5$rprr<3b <g>i<svrij&rfi&&jj& Q<35/7<sw@ Q gu sfil u u lL ® Guifiiu 

L-Gugrrifli—Lb &Q6v&L_if «stotot Gl&dj&lprnr (srmrry (5«lLl_/t/t, 

dg/6S)/J(L/£i, &jJ<o5)rr&n<5$filLILD Q(SV<offll£l<SV £-(5Vrr6LILJ LftpUU®!!) <3FLDUJLD 
<oT(Skg)JLD, ^/T/Jll® &lUrT(J(T& ^\g)SlfT)Q^Gm^iLD c&i/rJW/TOT. §1®$)$ 

ojmsru^vSlGb <5j(Q} (Lp>msi®J<o&[f<& &<sm($} ^Gurr^GVfTOJuGurTGiJong 
$ rrsj g §3 s€l l~ Goj<sm®QLi)mrrii <oT<sm^srrii Gl&rYGmL-Gurjrnb 
jBnfF\.<sb{5nn (§®(g)® Gsurngu g^mGm ^[^osrrrrr. $rTyp6un[jg>$<a) 
<sjf$u u§ji£j&) ggg//5/£) r£i<svrprrir; §jgs){jqs)iuA <$(SOTL_<si/i_<oir o<osfl/5#ii 

&G01TLD G&UJ&tf q<ok(Lpg)JGlld) <95/TL_/Lf, " W(m6&&&G<^(om®LD; 
£^6l)fT6LlLJ Gutf^LD &LDUJLD GufT <sSl (^dS) p §j" <o7<S3T/£)/T /7. 



S)(/5<££)/Dj5/ <sr<skprnt. 

glGtotj, "r&[Tm&iT<zk§?tmLD o-gvitgiju Gurr&)GpGm. ^gm&ij 
sfTffluJLD ^j(§^n<sb $nm Gurr&rTLD®) r§lm(r)j <sS\®S\Gpm. 

£^<SZD/7cF/T <Stffl<S5) ILf LDIT^^IpfLD <Sy 6$)J U Lj &) G p m <oT<ohp GlKaSSTGmLD, 

$ld&(&>u LSl<5vr<svrrT<sb r£)mp gjtsinfj&rTGsfluSli—LD £§)(5£jdlS?, "<s76$r<£gj 
<gj gu & p ld n & Q & iu m G <su $m ul m GojmGO gu^^jgSIlLl^.^!; /§ 
LDfT^ULD GurrtuoSlL-Gfi <surrP (oirng^j Q&rrGQ<so, <£$<sum ljpuulL® 

ojGmistuSlGb ty$&Q&rr<sm® Gurrih<sfi\iLL-rrm~ 

^}<5^)IJlLjLD &fT@)<5V^rT(l])lJ) £_L_L//DU) O^OT/p/ [5 (T 'p&fT<sS\uSl<& 
S-ilcS/T/T/5^/ 0<9Sn r <oOT? r L-_<S7J7/t. 65 /T f&GfBfT <o$C\ fJIT tU ff & LD (Lf> 6S> L. £li 

&LLar>L-u5)<sSI'(nji&& grs§>)65)uj <siQ\^§i &Q(SO&L-!flL-.LD ^iLisLOsrrrfr* 
65/65V(7 ^/<s^^ ojarij® ^GLiG<svrr® lhjl$&itit. (LpgG&sv 

< *>]G5)JUULJUlLL-§J <5T6hU(o&$& &QJ®sFl&g]LJ UniT^fTff. ^§} 

Q&<sm<oV<mu5)<o3([j)[5&iJ ajfrGfjrr <g(§<si]$L-$$<sS\(n)$§} isluisl 

uuL.$grrrr. ^/5@ ^fu^uSIsb gu (§ ld rr &j <siqj)&>uuiLLq-(n)$g>§}. 
u Gr5p<oV{p<$>($ (Lpis&uj & rr etil pati , [Brrm G<ra>£@jD@ GurTuSl(n>jp$ 
srnsv&SdGO, $fi ^)/fi/(S ^j5J5/ £-LD(LpmL-iu Qu<sm<s$)<sm 

Q&rT<5b§y®mprriram. Qu<mr<sv>6m <$(§ sii /r /7<£ @ p (g G/><^ 
Q&rT6mrrpgj qS)lLl_ /f /r ^j<siiGvsrr<si{ &&£lfjwiT&GyLD <or®jrrlL-(LpLb 

Q&IT<sb<SOrTLD§}]LD, €T[£l&(®$<55)l—UJ 9 LD LD jg) uSl 6V <5V (T LD^JLD, 

^^.Lp^uGufTm^rrrr<5mQLD<skm? £L.L-Q®sr &$&) uj^uu^ld 
<oTmgj <n(g$uuiLuL(3$$ $$$<ss)iuu uul&,§j (*/>*$.££ iSlGsrmir 
gjenp, "-OTOTtfOT-^tfwip/Lb $drprT& eSierrmfs ®S)<tim<soGuj!GiJ[r(§&frLl>} 

STOT^/ <oV&QuJ(Lp$g1& Q<3FILIUJU uiLuL^SlpG^t cSV/5? LDGsfl&fl 

ujirijo GTOsrppnfr. 
<Sut.air.I-16 



226 Gibmrssrr 

$nm <$Gg>n (^^(f^ASlp^i. <s»j®n& L$)mmrr<zb GujfT^)uGufrLD. 

Q&n®&@>ff&G<sfm? 

&®&ir*- ^)<5v<oV)goGiu! 9© <sufl"/r<^@/D(g (tpm, £LD(Lp<sm-.m 
Qu6mm<smu q(§o^(sk G$iLiq.6b G&irmr® Gurrdj <ojS)u.G6y<sm® 
Oldot^i/ cr^/r G&LLi—rrfr. Q«/t®^(5^ot. ,=£/,§/ /sot^/t^ 
$mm<s£l(nj&&l(f)§i. £§)/5<5 rsrr<s^(SO^§j [Birmir^ ^cunr p®DfTG<sii 
Gurrmi& gS\q)<oS)<soGujI -^ld ^j^r^J <^/<su(/5<sff>L_£U ^p^ju 
i3rjmfT(5m& Q&60®S}6ir ULL.Lq.muj (Travelling Allowance Bill) 
^miuL$it$m&£)prrif. ^§j <sr<sZr QuiLis^u9<sQ([f)&Qpatf; <jvo>^u 
urrfrSiSlGpm. (QulLu)-<oV>uj@ $prB£]J unr frdSlprrfr) g>/5JS/ 

fSrriL<9Z6MT& ^LDUn<SF(ip^^ULD (Lp^tiSllU smif&<5i?ri<5VsvGvG<sijrr 
&piQI.Ul5lpUJFT6ttrL6 Q&lU$£&rr& <o7(Lp§?l flTj.35 Qujf)g/« 
Q<55/TOTri4-(/5c£S)/7)/T/T. 

&ndiQDz- (Li®sim<9$\& Q&tu§j) urr (T^$iT&<srriT (tfiQ£U 

|g)/E/G><95 S)/777 Wlil&sfild) <9FIT<!k&lT /7 Q<S)jm(SO Q&dj3>$IT& <o7(££)6s> UGmLD 
QJfTf5lQu5}0<iS}lpfTIT. 

Gun<m Gurr&ji, ^jguit ^ <&) g u u p r$l <5T6$r6si & ld rr $& n <ssr ld 
Q<9Firm<ssriTfr9 



urTG}2i&(9jf£i «s/ro/eu L^®$)mr<k(&jiB G^rripm 227 

^ff^!®ds- /5/rdr Gurr(§LbGurrG$ $rjb$iuniS&\p(g)U Gurriiu 

^ojifli^LD GuuG<sm<sir. ^Gmrrd), <5jm ^oj^l^ld GurrGmm 

<5m®j& oj&GLj&Ginm Gkjrriunp Q&rr<sb<oV (Lpu^zurT&tf* 67OT<£@ <a//5<§ 
^j^@^@<si Gojfr)j lurrrrnojgi LDGsfigmrr aB^/gg/KSi), <$rr<sffl<si) 

G'uxso(£l&rTfilmuju uipf$ ^)uuiq.& Q&fT<sb6gj£BlfpGm Grmrg} 

§§«ejj!- (dbl&GijLD ^&$5l!JLnrr&) <sT<sbr<s$rQ<siimfr}i @L_/jjLiafl7r/T. 

^ntflsbs- ^lUGij Q&uj&tf w<sir<s$fi&& G si/ eror® ii. rsrrm 
Q&nm®snr®Q §jmrriu<siiiT&($rF)&(g) Gu^mG&rf u&$<sb, <5j<5k<s&m& 

<Sfa.L- ^19.^iJ5/QS?(5)(Sl?/T<S(SyT. 

<^nafia):- (lB&gijld $mm&}) g>(rw&m ^ldulLl.^j^L-.iu 
iS&Tan&Tturr'LD; ff)mm ®gfT§$u uiugohw; ^pu^^mw 

&<SfTITlD. g>n&}&m Q&&IPf) GU(§Q$LD $6mL-.&(T60 fJ®D!TGS\<S$r GlDGV 

@<svld&(&)LJ Gurru5)(§^§ ®rrG0$§?i6b GlGumi&LbuiLui. 
<sisfT<sw(oS)L^uj[Trr s_/si«<szr>(syr @<o5)ldu51<so urfrr^nrjntB; <g>\uGurr§i 

Q&rr<^ui-($$£&iT&<srTiTLD. s-tiiaerr o?©, (& f u<s&Li$Q$friLi4- 



228 Qmm&rr 

®j<sbm(SOiurTLD; ^juGurruilL- %)#<J/t@ /5/tiZj<£5@ LD(5m^lrT<i^LD 
£_<5mL-rr&rr^rTLD. ^/<su/t Q&rr<sir<m ^urr&wrrGvr GurrfrgGn^&Gvm 
Gurru5)<sb <ss>Qj$g!& QcF/t<si)<s>j^/<^i_ ^GULLfrmiD; ^uuuluulLu. 
LDOsflgtir r5rr®r><srr&(&j gnin (spdrnpj ld G&rrGoev ®Sl6b<5V)GoGiu Qiu<smrr)j 
Q<9=rrmmrr®21&> Q&nr<sbG5)djl($®jrrrr. (SKskmGojrr £g)/5<5 uxsafl£(/5«(g 
Q&iL(j)\uGun(&,LD &rr<soLD SliLLq.GSIiLu.Q^eirff)j r§l6S)6sr£gi prrm 
u^ld) Gu&rrLD®Sl((i)[5gj gSIlLGl-SW- <5T<smpnfr. 

<S>j<oS)&& G&tli— ,g/<sff)jjc95g) oliijrrGoj&LD Qunrrii&}Qiu(LgrB§] 

Q&rrrb&®r><srr& G&LL.L-.$ujiT@<oijfr. ^Gnaiurreb <s>jgj &£l&&&s*.L-n $ 
^(MwrrmubfTuSltVjr&ggj. ^i<surr gLD(Lp®s)L-Uj uL.ui^.umu 
^L-&&}&Q&ir®rr(sn u$§i$LBl6fy Q$rnDrT®ST§i. Q <su fiilmu lL ul 

61/(7 (SmODL-UJITIT ^/ <SU 6$) fj & @6£)LDuS}<sb «(SWTi—g/ SL. GSflT <58) LL . 
^<SS)&UJ!T(Sb 9 &rTLDU&\GiJLL y c9/ <SI/ <SkJ /T flj/ $&&IULLIT&& 

GGu<om®QiL<skgn G&iLi—n fjrr ld? 

(Lp&g$5l<ob (LpLfil&&<oOn LD (oTGmjriJLD g[5§$ <5U^^([^LJU^U<^ (oKSmOsflL-iL 

Qu([^ld n^&nihu q(Q^Q<mnif. &rrpr$(sb utprBgi <su(5§i ^<zun 

&<omGL-<5VT. ^_./a/c95(Sy5c5g5« <9>ITlLL-60(TLD GTOfffgj <oT@)@&iJ <ol]fF>Gg>m. 

Gurfr&,}(sfiliLL-.nG\j, Qu(sm G^n ih ^<smL^(^^^pfr <^ <5J<^^ Q&rr<sb<s£l 
fjggrr ®jrrr£jQ&Q&rr<sm(b) ulLl-G^tll Gurr (ouG^dr? 
<sim&Q&rT6krfr)jLD oSlorrf&i&GiSlGV&nGoGiu? 



urr^d^fii <55/r<oiid) L£68)6*r<&(0>/5 G^rrLp<sk 229 

^&rr$rr rx68sri£>rr'<s8r &rr iflujLD; Q<su/pj <o7/£i@ii /i$l_<£«/t<9$ <s>i ratumu w, 
G&Gu&n&m ^(SSi^uupuSl lB&<si}ld ^i£l<SLifr&u Gu&la 

[BLDuniJDGb, <g>j®JiT&GS)GfT& &<smLq-&G$<oZr* <gy§j ^juGurr^j 

uiT@&[£j&(^&(§w§j<5^r5@Qj[rrr& ^(^^Slpnrr. ^uGunuuiLL- 
LD<5&&,rr&<snnG<soGuj iSlurrCbWGm g9/7JS5)i(g 9(5 ^jtfiGij 
s^<5mu.rrdjGSliLL-§j. ^J<s$)g& Q&rr$b6V ojituj <9m.&££lp&]j. 

§|(3l>jJS- (<§jm<5WLDfr&) ^p^LI QuffllU L£>asfl$®66)L-UJ 

Giu!ra&}uj<s5)g<oiS)UjS : Q&rrGkim§i$nm Q&nrm$$rr* (Lp(Lp<su§jib 
Q&rrd)6giLD; (S^il® ^G^rro^uu^GojuLD. Giusm ^uGurr&jj 
^riiG&g>nQm ^(nj&&)(r)rT6k? 

£B!T<$«DS- Qu<Sm63)6m [BfT<ok U!TIT&& (Lp U}. ILI ®S) 6V QD 60 . 
(3<fF<SU6$/T<3S<S$L_li> ®Sl & V l?l g G & (SM , <gj@JIT&m Q U <5WT ^l£fG& 

<suijGff)<sb<5S)sv Qiumgjj Q&i7 6b6g]&)r&rriT&<siT. ^(smGttowiurTGST 
<sfil<styujf£®s)g> ^-/^/«(^«(g^ Q&(T6b60$ g<^i—Qiu(7<o&rri[)jiB<sb®r)(SO. 
@£)fb$l] Qu<sm ^HL^rffoULDnfGsr <giLp(§68)L-UJGUGrm ld. ^si/®**® 
^g)<su<s?r e^CSir @ip/5^^- <$j,$rT<sorr<ob 9 £g)<su<ao<syr <sfil®&§i <s>!®Jit 

9(5^Li5)s^/3ii<^i_- L$(f}£}(p$<S»GS)GVUJrTLD; ^)£TOTf® <Sl/CUd$/ (£p<95<Sl> 
^)<S1//T ^Oi^OT^ $LD(Lp<S5)L-lU U ® 65 <S3> <55 1£0 S SU G IL/ <sSl®§fr§l& 

Q&rr<sm($) u(gi^AQ^rrdrcugi <si]Lp&&UDfTLD; ^®J<sn j§)j6wr® 
(Sii(5<s^63^)/f)(5 (ipOT LjG^uGiiSd iurr mn mn ld; Li<si$u®j§$tu(Tm 
lSp(§ld ^jojfr ^iuuui-Giu Q&ih§i<2ti$$rr!jnijb. 9(5 <su($Q^u>[rm 
lS)/d@ L/(/5<si|*<sSr effiLL-rrnr Qumr<om<*m ^{^juqLDUU}. 
Gasili^/T/Tdssn-^Lb. LL($LD&m ^riiG&Giu a;/5j9®i5S/ a/«8«o 
Oa/«Dcw Q&tutuiL®Ln 6tot/q/ ^j<surrQ<9Frrd)<s6}QSlLLL.nffjnLD; £%>@ 
^)sii(5<s^L_iu 63/Tiij LD«KD<s3r<si5) ^<sm<^L- ^iu<somf (Lp$<sS\GiurrfHm 
Q$fTa)mGO&<§u utup&jj, Qumr<ss>mr i^^G^m <a?il(5>as(g 
^gpiutSlesnnjrrLb. Qu<sm ^iii(§ Q&<sbffr)j g?/565/T/p/ ubrr&m&m 



230 Gwm&n 

^}($$$l$<!k, L|(75<S^OT £jS&r*B>OT ^U^&§1 <SXJ(0&$]GU&rT® 

^L/uoyig g»© «£i?-<£ii> er(Lg£lmrrdr. c*/«o# £§)<^g>(5 ®*-f(25££ 

^^rffjmrr^ m<su^§i^ Q&rrmr($) G&gli® Gtjm&fjng)-* 
(Lp&<s£)Giurrrflm u&® u<so$G$n® uiLi-<smw Gamis ld^ld^u 
i3m<s$)m<omm ^ii^^gSIlL® QuOTa)fi53ru UGVGup&LDrr® 
&mip$giGupgi eSliLL-rrif. Q<9F<mp g>® a/(5ajr«/r<B0U)/r* Ousw 
■■g)/5/G«(3tt/ j§)@/5£5/- ^&p(§®r rj&ffiuJLD rBdrpmlj Q<su<rir)turT&) 

Q&rr<sb<svG<M<A®QJ$<&®n60 Qiu<sk§j $<binm&&\Gp<sm. <3}<sun 
mp^ju i3{jiuir&mLD Gurr(§ix>Gurr Q@<svGonLD ^<suq$w 

Qu<gOTgW?/(5i£) GlJlTGUgl QJip&&LD. <s3il 14.(06} '(TJ/g^/Tg^ U) Q GU etil ifil ti) 

Q&<mprr^jLh, ^<su(§^(§ld Gumr^j^w 9© u®&6$)&&nm, 
G&<su&>fr&m 9 Siprrub ^{giannfl&sh, Sipir ld@$] g><mihj&m iurTGU($C6 
J§)6a>£<* ^^r® <s>/nfl<£ ^]ULjQprrfr^mT. Qu<sm <a?il@««Ar/j/T, 
S)sii(75<s2DL-i£i (sSiLisi-^imm^rriurffr, iDanmoSl (tp^<sS\uj luirw^Lb 
g)oiOT>^r Gujpns)!$§i gj!<o$$$<sG)LDUJiT<sb g)© <su '/r rr&G?lp(§ (ipasi 
Qu^m(5S)<oimm Q&irmr@Gunrdj eSltLt-rrir. ^)/7<sot@ r5rT®n<sn&(§ 
Q_p<sk ^)«y^ <or<sh<m $<mm$§}&Q&rT<smL-.rrQijrr GrmtmGGiirr 
(^jj&ffiiiJLDiTUJLJ Gumu Qu<5m<ss)<zm <£/®n£p<5js/ cm $$(§&£) p irnr; 
^mrrd), Qu<5m<sn<sm <s$lLl4-P(§ ^<ois)^$^<M[r<^<si)<sm<5V. (?<si//p/ 
€t<oUqS)l-.&$G<soit ^p&ffiuJLDrra m gu &$>)($&£) p nrrr. ld($w&u 
i3m®n<sfni$l<sk g^Sjimuju urrn$$-Gkfi-Qm @in&Q&rr<sk(i)]$ 
Q^/flio/TQ^OTpii, <g/F£i uLLi—<sm$§$p(g) <surr<oSl<sb<o$xso On/orpii, 
Qu<sm £g)<sL/<siS}i_<gS$)<su |§)<so<s3><su GtumrryLD u$<sb $&§$ &@iuiS 
eSlC-L-nn. £SLD(Lp<s$)i—tu ^fiujn^LD, prrypLb Gurriuu 
UL-L-.<sms>§$<sb LD($LD&UL$l<ifommGujrT($\ &iLiq.uj(Lg§i dSliL® <*vfj 
^G$&wGurr<sSi($&®\p§i. <3H$p&n&G<sii fjgorr Q&L-iq.($&&}prrfr 
- Gr6kprrft. 

<$$[&& <SU[f<SOnpmp (3c9S£1l_^/<S31/J GuifigJLD QS)lULJUG$)l—[5§I 

&d)<svrrdj& &<*®w$§i Gu&& {Lp&&ii)ipi £-lL®it nip§i<sfi\£-i—(T n; 
ld(§ld&u i3m<s$)m ^<sb<sorr@ &i£>iu$$£}<sb 9 & <su ft& @j <s*> l. il 



uirepi&(gj[£i &rroj<sh y<5^)<sw«@/| G^fTLp<sh 231 

^n^Ln^iiSlmffil ut-uu}. &Q<sv&t—it ^ld^ Qu<smm<sm ^M^mip^^ 

&I7LD ^oj&pubrT&u uiLL~.<smub Guna G€U€mQ)QLDmg] &eurr 
&rr<ss)<svu5l6b ^rq^^§! (tp<sDiiw« rxggrr& G&LLi4.(§&&)prrfr. cg*/<§>/D@ 
(ipm Qu<sm <sp(§ eu($Gq/L£l(nj{h$i <@(§<siirr[F&§>}p(g) (LpmmGw ^trm 
Q^nmr®Gunib<5Sli^uuLLL^fTm. <s»j<sup<s®p Quj<sbo)rTLD $mpn& 
Giurrff)$& §]<s$)(j, $rr@)<sb&rnT Q&rr<5srm§j $$DQwm!f)j 
$u>i3m<sufj(TUJ Qp&Sl& <sS}q<s$xso sa>€iigg/, "ermesr<Q&&fiiujLD! $}§# 
G&gugvld u5)(75<95Lb QcyiZ/iu«^£^(L/ ^rfffliuGiD Giunrtfluj uD®sfl§ir 
Q&iL]uj& £gj/£;$£a?GU. ^j<su<sk (STOTgj/^Lio ldit ubmrr fjrr® 
LDir^fjub @j($ip$rT6srrTG8rrT& 9 ^jGu^m^ gjuurra&luufrd) <g«L(5>« 
Q&rr<obr$({f)LjGu<sk. ^)<5ii<s5r gv^&ld <si//F/a/S)a7<&n<5<£ a^i_ r&rrosr 
g)j5/Qj<5^/jaS)<si) $wurrw<sb ^q3$G&><m. ^uGurrgj unfr$&n& 

^)(§&£)prr<sbr. G&! @£)drjpi &n-iLjm^fT<som ^[5&& &fEj&$5liurr otot 
a5/r(g)<5& ®ffly)Gcu6ror(5)Lb/ uuguld! urreuiDif <otdipi <£&>./$ 

umiLGL-Q<sstdnQi jl.<5<s$/j-6i/ Q&iu$rrxG<5n!^<suiT<3)j6$)& wf&$j&rrvrr? 
$)G$rr 7 1/2 Loa3fl«©o uilz-swni Gunrglprrir. ^<sxj([$ld 
^<su(§mt-uj $niuiT(§Lb GurrSlprrfr&m. &p®iu uiusmw 
GurTGU$rr&& Q&rr&eSl(sSliL($iu uiLi^mriD Gurr&lprrfr. 
g^uGungj 6 ll2 uasdliLjrTSlpgi. $l®n[T lueuif^dr ^uGurr^i 
rjuSl®?!&<&) eujp$rra) <pim$iLjL6 (ggpuu^jg) <sSl®^Gpm- 

(SKSkpfTlJ. 

Gurr&eorrih - €i<m®i «tjS .erofip&rriT. 



232 GiDm&rr 

Q<!Err(£\&&uu®LD ^L~&S$<jb(g)U Gurrdj, ^tii®SlL-.@S$<sb rglmip 

aujn&flM- <oT&LDfrm ms(§^^ Gurr prr0 9 Lq.&Q&il($) <Sl/tf/S/<£ 
^m^mt- ujrrrr ajfTirGurrSJpmfam? 

affrw® S- <oT<y£D/rg)/£JD ^«S^/E/dS <g>$lbLDIT6ljLb. 

^m$@ot- <o7<5um qS)(3q$* &ld v 

^G^Grr^^ujUDfTLD, <3i§i&&n <su Gurrpniij^, 

^m$®oz~ UL-L-mrt5§$(oV GT&turT Gpi onL-UJ w(ti)Lb&ui3m<5iS)m 

eurrus:- Qt£nmff)m&u Qu(§LDir<sfr G^i7<s6)d) Q^(f^<sS\G<so - 

<£T6OT77>/T<e57". 

U$.&Q&tL<SS>L-& Q<S5/7(J)" 67OTp *t/?5), ^g)/J<SMT(/>) KjL <S5 <95 ll (J) 



un<sgi<k(§jm &rTGU6b yo><sw^@/5 Q^fripm 233 

^ifjws- (oJ^LDum^jfijG^ GurB&tfoSlLLi—rrrjrr? 

Qjjrw<s;- ^otswl^guot)^» 7-LD<5®sfl<&(&} <siJ(fl)<si}[rwd&- Gimprrm. 

<s£l®&§! ^uurrp G&drn)] 9(5 Loes>fpeSlA rflmgj unfr$$t& 

Q&ir<*mt4.(T!)!p$mfT. £)$g/ GppCb &$J5$§i; £££J^ «Qcso<£L_(75ii>, 
&m&LDLDrT<§n>LD <sy<smLq.tiSl®) <su$&>} ^rpiii&imnn&Gk* Qij(£s&[m<£g~ u 
gm <s$)&i£l<sb <s3><su^@(5/5^ ^)/J^r® Lq_&Q&LL®&G$)<stTiLjLD 
&KiDU&<oU$§)®sflL-LD G&rr ®£$it dr; <^/<su/t <sii/7 •[ijj&}&Q&[T<smi—rTfr. 

Q&mato6tt&<g)U Gun^w ®j<smiSLiqLD supkan* ^fiwuff)<oU(LpLD } 

&<S8T&LDLDIT<§njLD €l]6miSj-USl<sb <5Jr$&G&f7 WLfiW/T. UJ (T 6U p 66) p St/ LD 

jBtti&i- Lmfr$$fr&etm LDGsfl&^mL-iu GujrfSiSlium^miu? 
^/g)/£ji5ttS(j5«S)^/t*dr. <m®*&> LB$&Q&n<sm® GurrSlprrfr. 

®)(sb<sofT(S^Lq.Gb &p(^ui3rjmrr<smw GufTu5l(n)iJLJ$rT&$ &nm 
^/(Sli@/£JD Q&lT(sbG£]GljrT6k; J§)fc//T u L-L-<5m$gi&(§uG u n ibg> 
^)(§ldl9 cu/Rg/, <oTrhiG&iurT<su§j ^pgju i3fjujrrmsrw Gurrm&rra 
6T(Lg$ u<smLD <sur[thi&>u GunSlpnrr; unr(§r£j&®rT-' eTdrjprrfr. 

r£)&Lp[5&®»GU lurrajLD &<mG<sun Gojdrir}] g>iUQfiipg)i §}®s>[J 
$m&$&rrfr. &rr ldu&)<suld ^rdisSlo^iu^^^tD ^Giurr^^iu 

$mLD,rr& $L^&&&®n.L^lLJ<Sll QfJ<sk^JLD <5J&&<olto&ILJ ^L$GUrTQST 

&fT(f!iu6>Gm&iLiLD G&djtuu iSl&r6kJfTi&i&iT$eufr (srmguLD r$<o5>m@§j, 
^<suit <$S)q$uj&§$<5V ototot Q&dj<oiiQ$<skLj<ss)$ upjfil Gujrr &<s®m 
Q&ih§i &rrpG$n<zGf)iLin-i?lL-Lp i "prrCb ^uGungi ermm 
Q&djttJ<soniJb? -<57<skpnir. 



234 (3iDar<95/T 

^ii^As- ^iojfr @/7<5mt(J) rBir<oS)<m®(8) (Lpm<mfr fjgorr 
^jd)svfTLD<sb uLLL-.6mwQucrdj> &.@§$Giurr& (ipmptSl®) ^iwuirm 

&fF&®IT<S6){J ^J£JD/T/D/r5)wS)((5«S)/D^g)@ €T(Lg^§! .^P<5UL0/TOT 

(5^-^<siS?(75«S)j)j5/. <sy<sm@a Q&rr6m($) *3$&J<ss)tj§ $<smL-mm 
Q&liQSl&&GOfrLD. <3$<si5?/r, ^uGurrgi rrggrr ^jGVGVfTLod) §>I(§ldugiild 

uiLt^^mud Gurr&lprrrr. £§)^S/ G<oH<^)<s€i£l<o^\mQ] |i<$uuL^ ^«<gs 

^)(!$&&}mpm. ^uGurrG^ $n-Qu>nmn)} G&ihiuwrrLD; 

G^rr®^^/, Q$rrm@lrBJ&u Qu(§LDrr<sk G&rroSlGV Q^0<5)Sl<sb 
@ti(fj)&(&jLD Oi«Scsu <surrrr&<9 : iTLjSl <s>jtuiufEj&nif ®S tL.Lq.fi) (§, ^(^<sm^ 
uj-Uis^ &Q<so&L—iT ^)mmrriT $nmm &!J6?n<o0uS)<sb «si/® ©p /7 /r 
GimiojLD, *3i<si}®nfj ^uuis^Guj <s$)<ss§$ ("Arrestj Q&iutuG<M<sm($)LD 
€img)]LD s-^ijoj ^GsyuLfrij&m. ^<sisff ULLt—<sm$$Gb fjgorr 
^<sb<50iTLD<sb ^q$$gb&!p(gjLD, <sy&tf &nLL&)iurr(§LD- $T&rfpnir. 

^<s^^s G&iLl- §jGS)fj &rr<sbwmfl GrBPLD Guun&mm 

^/@/iJL/LbuujL G&rTGVGSls Q<ssfT(gi^rriT, ^GUGvrrGp <5j5@ 2-i—Gm 
<^/@/£juuuil®L/ Gunmgj. 






d&ebn-§jnb aunriti G$ebngjHb aertiu 

Gtbm&n Q<su<okp[)j f£)<mmg&gi <&$<summu Lj&ypri>^jLD iBGsrgj 
i&®s)<s5!<sS\<smu£ &tff(jb$iL]w <gj(§&}<sh G)/5(j5ffi/S) ^i<sum^j (Lp&$6$)& 

ojmrTtiSltopimGrr ^miDirs^&T $T<sb<sorTLb mm^u Q u n g)/<s jS)g$/ib 

^jmGmrnm^jL-m <sfilu&&rr{jw Q&tu®j<oS)^ LDrr^fistfjiD 

s-,OTTL/T(giiD G^/ru(ipii), LKSw&mi&iLjw, qpfr&&(ipLD 
^m6$p$$m<MtT(3jLD; £-L-.Gm @^^/, GgulL®» Q&fr®n<oD (Lp&G$iu 
G^rru^uj Q&iuG&>&&m £_6mi—rr g<sb f£i&&uju). ^uuLq.Giu <&OTg/ 
*<5OT<si/gp/6ff>L_i£j &m<o$F &($rji£>n<m G&rrip&G&smLjLD, G&iuiu^g&rr^ 

Qfflf^QfDfr<oSflQfr LD<m^l<SV <*T(Lg$& G&(TU(LpLQ QufrpfT€BLDlLfLD ^(TJ 

@<siw)<s5 &n.n!>luj4BrT(gjLb. "Giag^ld Gimm /5L_«(gjSiD/r u/r/ri;<s5<so/rLb" 
<ormjQj $<s$)mtB§i rglmmg&tf <gi<sum tUlaojLh ufr(S\uC(^ gus 
iDQ$r^§$<sk r£lm<so€toiDQniu Q<su<sBi£lii) &n Cl-(t w<sb «jy l_<£ £)<£ 



236 GLDm&ir 

ufjLD Gujrr&®ujttGWLjGurreo6yLD\r5Ut-&&l ' 6>J!5§> &6&gj ««sbsf&jot, 

0GfaG$flL~LD QJ(f^LD(3unrQ^<sbwrT LD, "<9S<SotG<SOT/ «STOTrp/LO 

<s$®&&nr§tfLD g-uSlir ojrrijpGotjofriT &r<skfrtf Q&ird)6Sl <su(^S\^§j^ 

&>®ST LD®ST€$)S>lLjLD 45/T^«KJ><oD(JL/ii 6£(75/£/(S<S Q<3S(Tm<oS)<SlfT Q<S5/7(Sff3rL_ 

&<sm6i}<s& - 4&6&r <®<smQ$m8blrri<5b <giuuiq.& Q&dj&><5&>&i g-<sm<5mi> 
Qtijmfr)j ^<sii<syr wosig^ €T6tr!$£l<sb rFLbu®SId)<o?s)60. ^/^1/^5*^5 lurr^ih 

GfillUUGtoUlLjLD $5}<SG)&LJ<55)UiqLD Q &(T (J^^SW. ffl.ggU lS1[J<S$\LD 

Q&rrmrL-<su<om&fru Gurr<sv ^(tjlIzjj. &^(§lL.iil eSlifi^rrm. ^i<oum§j 

W6W$$<sb €7(Lgri>9> ^.msrfr^^l^^w GTGmGmf&i&^LD L/su/f) 
d5/r<si)^^)d) «l_ co Q&nr jF^eiSuy ^rruuffl^^^KSOu Guitgo 
{3)(/5/5^;ot. c^ott/tsu, @(o5)«ul/ grgfr gp/ Lb Lj ? iLiSL.GsrfT<sb GuuuSlm 
Q&np®m l^lLl-UuC® Q6xiGfiiuuL~FfLD<sb ^<s$)L-UlL® ffimpm. 

^ojffl 9(5 Qurrluj ^Q)il>u^^sb &.$£§& sl.^l£I; [Bp&mr 
rb<sbQ<sor[ (ip««^^)/f)g5 ^(/juiSlL-iD/rora/OT; ^tBip [BiTiL^u 
Qu<skf<5mrTG5)&iurTGQ ^^um.^j^gj&u^rr&sFI ufT<sm<s^u5lp Gu&g<sb 

unf<^^^<sS^iih^€jB^<shurr(h)LD Sdp&nLL Gundj^ojm; ^tpffig^ii), 

Lj$$£lU$6)2IU) &)fpn>&®J6ff; £g)l2J/D<ftf><£ <gjLp(&)LD (8 } <5m{Lf)W Sli/Tlli/5^ 

^yoisfr, «<s6giS) (3<95<SYr<@5?«<sYr fgluLDuuG'up^j t ulL^lL 

^L-L^uQug)p <o&Glifr&&W<S5)6l)LJ GufTGO, g>Gsfl&&L-.[JFT1U 
Q&6b6lJ(Lf)LD 01JLBU &^<SV>L^UJ6l!fr. <S>! ®J [Jgl ^ (/J <S*T> ID U 

L$$^if}turri6}(§fB&tfLb ^<sum Q&($<sQ&muG$ ^ppojmfTujy 
Qu6m&<^&Q&(sb<so(r ld ppQuiU(§LD Gwldu(t®ld G&uf. & 
G)«/r(3)<s5@ib <5flLl-«95ld/tcl/ oSImiiiSlGsrrr&T.. ^sum^j /j5<ss>l_sl<s3)l_ 

G^frppLDiUflGlILD LB(§^£ ^GkG&LDmUJlLILD, QufTQj<o^LD^)iUiqGLD 

Ltijn6mw&m 9 /£££} rgjjGb&m, &lduj fgji<sb&m (Lpt5®SliUGiJfpmp 



&<5mL—§jLD Gluutu o5)ab"L-^/ii) Qurrdj 237 

rszhiprraLJ uis^^^euetT ^^(s61<sk ^r$atf&&<sfrlm &G&rr&ij 

GUrTtgfjGV&GinUJlLjLD L£> 66T Ub m ff /& $ <S>j <5&T ®n U ILj IJzJ G «55 17 (ohf L~ Gll SfT '. 
U(7l&8»&LD!Tm ULp«<35 <SULp&&>(hJ&65)6iT 2-<o&L-.UJ®J<S1T. &<5m<oLlQ$flL-.LD 

u^^Iiljld, rBihdlaan&iLiLD fgl[rmu^Q^rr<mrL-(Sijm; ^/©jGcw^cwg/ 
sSGrjGst LD§?l$&Qj<sir. ^&$6mauj s>ut^LDpp <riu@/f $$&stld $m 

Qj<&&&rhJ&®s)<otr ^/$/5^/, ^&p@u Gurr^liu ®<g-*<ss)6iJfi/ii 
si(sm<smlp(g (n^Grj&atomuiTGnrruSlm, ^eudr usangi <oiuurr®$nm 
UL-n&fj? LDfTiurr<5mu\.u i3<sh®$)6rruS\6$r &Lq.45i&j&G5)6fr& ^smi—Gurr^j 
<surrrr&&mDvSl<sin ldotld otl/u/t® uCi—G^fi y Gldot^/t^si/u £_//£>/$ 
<ST<sij<5y<5&)&ujrT6$T <&<5m6swr5j&(6ff)LC> fi_<swr/T<y^)<35(g5a) Q&rr<mrL„G&rT 

^/Qi/7)<S5)/r)c95 ^fTL-L4.^JLD uS$<oirLLL-.l£l(§ <S>jfi$&lll$& ^<Sl)<St>OT)<Sl>(£/£jQ 

^^^rr^m^iLiiD ^urr^^nm^j rnmih Gupp§j; ^ojm 

q([F)<ol$6STrr&€llLD, <S&$mfT(Lp&LDLD8tf LB<SS)moS)lUIT&6l{LD $)(!$&&* <S», 

<g<OT- «w (LpmGm «»l GSJu&arj rBi-$®n$uSlm G u u ©il® 

&,<smL--§j<smi-wn&&i&(§uun<M. ^(sbsvgj <svr5mir<^&wm^Q$im 
<$<sw cEfTtsm ^ojdr ld<szxs$t®$I ^\d]®Sl$i&rrm @>uj G&iuggksolj L/tim 
(^iu<shT$(§r5&rr<5b 9 ^/<a/@/ii s^uul^Giu G&djojrrsir <5T<ofcu@fp(§ 
^ilG&u£S)6sruSl<ob6S)GD. ^GtrfTGb, Gumr Guan^iijnrgB) ^JGUm 
^Guonm ^{diGungtJ &<smi4.&g<5v &».®LLrr? &<mr®jm ilgi 

Ggn-sbrifilmrrGgiLD ^^mrr<sb iun§j utu<sk? &(*mGii<sZr ud^oto?! 
(oim^jLD &LDur5$&G$<sv uGvsurrdr ailffiGm $$ujtTm$>rr& 
Gud)<svGGiirr g)® /5^/ si/® £)£><£/• p^o^OT vnrgi Ga^iu^fTm? 
^<5muL>&a6S)<orTLJ Gurr<sv G&rrsbsv G<M<sm($)LD (oidr^jLD 

«<swsi/ot^/ (?<$«£}) - <$ot£<3« ^/floj Gurr($<*rm®iu &,m &GmGum§j 
-G&&LD ^jdr<osfliu LDfT^fjfrd) t£<smL-Uu($\®J$[T Gsudr^jLO 
GurTprraniD §><sm®npGiu fl«/rAL./T$ir. ^j^um^j G&>&&§>i&r 

LD^ULJ ^GVm U>S$ULI&(§ (LpdTGzfl&JLD G&rTL^ LDL_/i/(g £-ajfr[5§l 



238 GiDm^u 

Q<s/r®«<95« s^^LDfTuSldr, ^i u u 14.G uj Q&iu$ieSI(SiGinrefr. 

^^[r(LpLD c £/aDL_/5<8$/rdr. 2_l_<3ot <si(Lg$gi ^j<sn<s^Qsr <siS?®<gj$/ 
^uurrp Guiriuefili— (3<a/<5W®Qii)<rfr@/Lb u<5m^U(om^uq 

Qupprr<skr. ^i<sum g>m§j <sfusu q^$5lu5l<5mrr6gjLD gGbrGmrr® 

ULp(&jLD IDiptp L/ (5 filjr /f? 637 0<9SL-L_ r&L-@<SG)£5<omU& &6m®LD 
<5S\u&<5FrT(Jj5§$<sb <sfilQF)UULD 6) «/T mTL-GUmfT l£5)@/£I), ^6ll<m &OSI ' 

(LpgsSliuojpanpa asm® ^gug/Dl^ld s-mmn fr$g> ^&&i&i 
Q<%rr<sm!—6>jdr; Q&6b<sun<k<5$)&iLi[id «(/5 £5), <S)16ii<sfilL-LD Qu(nj$@ 
ld&$ljlild <05)<oi]$§$(§r5$6ii<sbr. ^zm&ujrrGb ^Gu<sk ^{<sii<oV)m<& 
G&ojgvld ^<m&(gm®rri—r£j&)uj Lbmm<5)Sl ^frQ<ssf gtost ^cJlLs^l. 
Q&tbuj£5 &>j<5®sf\uj<sS\<sbm<50. <s>j<5ii<sh Q®j<sfilu5}pGurri] gm&(g, 
<ordj<sSl^LDfT(om §>ihiGS)&& Q&dj<sijn'G6frfT, oS)(Si$ujg6?n£5 ^<si/(sy5<ar)L_(L/ 
d5/5<ss><9> <gi r$ (Sii rr (j rr <m n' <sb , ^/<si//r <oT <sij <ofi) $5 ld it m ^j<skruiD 
®j (SS) Lp u u n Q u rr <oT<skgijLb GufflgjLD ^&<3F(LpLD &<su<s$)60\lild 
G)<55/r<swL_n r sir. ^>/<si/ (owrsu Gubm&rr <si5)©<si5)<$<95UulL(5)u Gurnssmwr 
^mu(5^^^L-G(^^^^^<^Q<^rr(omL.iJ(5k. ^^(sSlm, Gmosr&n &>®n 
&<sm6Li(sisflL—LD Q&<sbrfru r£}&yprB£56G)£5g5 Q3>fil<oS\uurr<oHn u5)<s&r 
^f^Ginud) jgOTcigj <oT6ij®jm&iuiT<ttQuiT<sfo<wrrrij(&j &LDU®Sl&(8jGuDrr 
€J<skr^j <sp(nj Ljp£$£)<sb &60[id&lmrT<skr; GiLGsr&rr <57fBJ(^ G&GvrprrGrr 

G&ITU$6tS)glLILD @6®sfi$8tf <J>/ 61i (®5 <SS) L_ UJ <g>j<SVr<o$)U& j§) (5 L/ (J <S1/ ii 



«GWJL-^/IJD QutT$JU ®5)<SWL^/£I) GufTiU 239 

rgl<ss)asr&$rreir; ^)<si/€)S)/r<5wr® & n ifltu &&<§$& lS^o/ld £7<s$j£)o> 

^(y>&§]&Q&rT<sm® <sS\gs)\j$§i &iLulqr<30 <siS)£l@<* &Gip 
^lpm&)®srrTm. ^oj^jld €T(Lgf5§l uhuj$§i ^®j<mm ^jg)J&& 

^^fJ(LpLB y <3>J(LgGS)aiLjLD, & (fl} 61i © U L/ U) lS)(§[5@ ^_/J^S^/T® 

Qurrdj&) Qiu(LgrB$m. <3{<oiJ6S)6fT& &nr<smu$!p(§LD ^(su<srr§i ««dr 
&^fflm; &m &$&>$ QJ$mt5®n& ^uyipLD ^(^ulSIiu m<sm<smiD 

Qufrib<sSlL^Q(5is<5m($\iJb (ordi^jLD ^qj G <zo n © 0mpnm. 

&n[Bm[TQ : p&LDLJb§] ^Sli(Sn<OT (Lp{JlL.L-{TLLl-LDn& £§)(££ £g/« 

<&l<sum§} GLorreurraniu @<sfc 6ueo&&!J&&rr&) $wiiS£l (Lp&gm&s> ^<sir 
u^^ib @0l/l5) r5iuwnr&, "<3iuurrL-.rrl <5T<5iJ®Lj<srrGi[ G&rruLDl 
6T<sij<swofT<sii Gijitg^ld! /g ^<swr L5}mQn®Tiunr& LorT^uih ^j($!5&(T<sh 
£g)/5(3/5/7Lb (ordiurr® $d®L-.niLL-U){TS(§8>(§w" eror/p/ tB^Gijih 

^mm{£§}& Qarr<smL-.iriurr? <^&rr! /g i3$[TL&mruQumr<sv<smu 
GuitgoGgii ^(^iSiprrGiu! ^iDLnrrgdifl 2_<S5)L_£$<£<2; /g ffr/w@ 
«/&©/« Q&rr<ofcri-rruj? £g)/5£ $i~<5G)i-uSl<sb &js8t ^iipG®> @«f>p/5£/ 
GuirdjeSltLi-G$! £§)<s*><9$ /f 9iSlrjLD eSleo&Sl aSltLi-rT<sb 9 ^gdr 
i3tpG& <orm &<sm<a®rrrLLui-UJ!T<osr ^fij^m)fTdr &<sbr ^jiu^m^ 
^Lp£)<£ <sfi)<snfij(§®jrr<sh. ^<ss)&Qiud)<svrTLD *>_6m®s)LD Oiumgy 
$mG5r**rrG$f stot^ G&mGurfGO Qwrr$r&§i {&*$$&> 



240 Gldgst&w 

G&LlL-rrGh. 

<s5)(5mn(LptSLDLL§t, "(ordrm <@><shmpiL]LD ^nftiurr&GUOFasmj 
Gurrevi, G&iLSlfprrG-tu! [5i--r5&<™&Quj<5v<svrrLD rsrrdr ^©iiui 
Q&rr<sb<so GGUsm^Gtodr^ ^m^uu^pmurr ? ^@(y5««L_©zi, 
g£)fB$uQu<owr <orrEj£)($&®prrm? ^jrijG^Giu @)(§&gltprrGirrT? 
$dr£v>jmL-UJ <s£il®&(g)LJ GunijoSliLL^nmn? &<ss)$$ Q'$if)<sfil! 
G<Bm3s;srfG^! <oT&t ^LDrrili4.uj<sb(SVGijrT! "^pjGiJgJ £)<s5ni" <orm&j 
$Blmr5^mLD uuj.^§jA G&rrmrGL-uSl^uurrGiu; <£i®n$ 
$Gvm&gi&Q&iT<sir. ^)^<^r s_ rir^ ldqs)iu Q iugogo /t ld prr&r 
s_m&>(^u LSl<sk<5$m<sb <sS}i?l®jrTiu& Q<9Frr<ob.gzi£)Gpm. ^juGurrgi 
pam (§ppL£>pp<sudr <5idi^j /g $&&iULDrr& ^^Iojituj. (£p<s><s$<si) 

QLDrrLplr5$rr<sZr. 

gf[iT^6ifr)rrm 6£6&r&npiLjLD ^fflujrr^GiJGinGin-uGurTGO, 
"Qu<5m<smrr! <oT$&u Guem?" zrdiprTm. os)^mfT(Lp^LDLD§! 
uimg}rr\uQS)u& amlti, "c^s/t erm<ssr Gqj<s^ld $£]? ^o/onar 
4L_<sw«(5£ Q&(7lujrT$rr? Q&rr(&<9F Gr5(7&gl<$>(g> (Lpctr g) /5/ g) 0/5 
gn-Gw^^mgrrdr; ^jG&rr ^.m Gld<sS10&(&,ld *l.<ss)L-&(§ sTSi/sfr 
Q&nr5£b&&rT(flGiurT ^Gum^nm <srmprr<sbr. 

gnffggGMDiTGw mug>$H\m(h} Q&n6mi—.®J6G)<snuGurT($o 
sL-(n>iLui-LJLjrriT$§i, "ototot ^eerfliuLD! ^Q&<5V<5Vitld «otqS)<s& 
[5L-&§ilp&)] <57(5irp(5bGoG(oiifT rgl®nm&G&<svr! 2_<sm(5V)LDUjn;a 
g)<si/<si5)L-^g)(oU GojQprr(§ Qu<sm Giifs&rrsfrnr ? ^oj^l^ld 
Q&nr<3b60uuLlL- ®Lirrfr£<on$Quj<sb<svrrLD £„r£i&mrr(5V Q&rT<5V<svu 
ulLl-§j grrmrr? <ormpnrm. 

Q&rr<sm® ^djfsurrgu G&ulSlpn rfr <5Tdru®S)$ 2L.<smfr$§} 
GT<si]<s£l&LDrr uSlapj'LD ^€U<oG)6iit& <sFrTr5guu®t5$rTLD<sb <sfi\L„&&^i—rr 



<%<omrL-^]LD Gurriu <si5)<smi_.^/ii) Qurrdj 241 

G&nrtgl&ggi GurrgjLD, ^irifliuiD §)l/uii|. 6S)ui?$$&ii&q9j 
qj(5(o)ld<sw"^ (ipsir^srGLD <&(TF)<oi]<smaujiT6$r &$G&&Cb £l-§$&&§1. 
(§)<ss><5 /f g>uun&> r$®$)€m^^&Q&rr<siT®JiTdj <ormQj <ST6messfiGm<5h; 
^jljul^Guj Q&djgjj eSliLt-.fr dj. G&rriS}<!k&fTLD(£) G&rr^&ofiib 
Qurrrpj<stoLD Giurr® fBi—^$lQ^irm. /f <gqqi)<s$)ijbujnm SL.iun^§ 
(§<sm(Lp ®ni-.iuQjm <of<skru6m$ ^j)/5<9><# &LD\ug>§^GQ $ ^guSIuju* 

^cF/l®u Gumr&anerruGurnso 9 $iljld ^juuu^ ^^^ijjld 
<S>jGS)L-.6iJ65)&& &rr<sm srdr llguld GU(§^§jQp§j. ^ssrgp^L-OJ 
o„<5m6$)Ln& &rrgm6V Q&fTt£®$>m G&luijuGgu £g)/5£ fBH i—&f&®n& 
fBfrdr ^iq.G®ndY. £g)js/ /£)$£> ld /r ot Q<3FiU(oV>&uj(sbGV. £g)j§)s& 
^■g5Tg)/gy)L„£ii &rr&><sS\6h £)l/(5<ss)ld<o?d£u ^mofruiq. ^i^l^G^m. 
<gL<ssrrr<sh 9 ®)$mfT6b ^<m^jos)i—.uj ^<sm®s)LD&&rf&i6$)<si) ldit@§$(Jld 
rsnotr ^n^l^G^m <^/ot/z$! <£_<sSt l5§/ <s7ar<£@6yr<syr «/r^sznsu /§ 

r^ndr ^u.uis^ <sS\<sqiUU?TliL®s>& Q&&}^($&&<!k<3^L-.rr§i. <orm 
&iTg<oV)6V 2_<ssr«@ /5/T«sar ^)(rfrQsw/T(5 (Lp<ss)/p p fr dr p nr & 
QLD£jui5l££lGp<ttr. ^^jGu^fjuSlev Gurr^G^rnGiurr® £§)©; 
^juGufr^j Qu(njp$atr<ss)LDGujrT($i f5L-Uurriurr6triT<sb, ^)&mrr<sb 

^_OT«@ ££(5 (^GS)pGljLD GU0rT§l. f5fTLB(I^GU(§LD |§)<S5fl £-l£}($LD 

£-L-6g]Qmm g£<sir/p/ uiL® ojrrLptsvrrLD <srOT/p/ <9k/p?, ^o^Gua® 
^<su®r>6n& &iLu$- ^(SiS!/i/c95<swLb G&iu&rrdr. @d^/_G>/5/7(Z/ 
Q&(T(smL-<siimfj& &6m® LDQ5?\&fr ^(§GU(^uumi^^§j «3f(g>£) 

LApp^GSiLiJZ-fr&miTO &(tgm$uSI§}iLb §rrLpfS& LS(§^LB<sb<sosufr! 
fBrrm $rih-&etomuQunmtp LDOsfl^u i3pui3<smir st(Sw<^<sw« 
m&ujfT^jLD Q$rrt-.<soiTU>rr! G&l ^Q$<mm G&gijsvid, ^)L$Gurrm 
aanliuLD! £§)/5£ ct©^^ ld/tl1<ss)l_ {§)<s5fl umfuuG^ ^(sbmsv 
Giurngu ^uGurr§}&>rrGm Q&nm<s$fr&ml $m&eir mp^n§^ih 
<Su.sirJ-17 



242 G»LDm&rr 

£L-<smLDULJLLL-6iiQT. $rr m Gun uj6ii(nj&\Gpm. $)g]($GiJ [Birm 
gm]&®n<srr& <95 <an l_ £) iu n <ss u urr itlju&jj; £_<$<g;/j<sy 

Q upf^&Q&rr6fr^Gp<obr" <oT<sk^J &^$l&Q&rr sm® <sr(Lp/5^/ 
6&lm<9 : ujrT& ^j rr<smG L-ir fr ^i^^Grr «sznoj^/rsyr. Quifl^]Lo GgulLS) 

ct c5(5^>i_^)(L//rc^L/ urriTLJugsrT! erik G & Gunr&lprrdj? g_6k<sv)®sT 
gS}i1.(§\u i3filfB§i f5fT<5ir<op(§ r£}ub)o$(LpLD 2L.uSl(ji)L-<m ^(njuGumrr? 
<5im SiDHiLu^l G&itl5I$&§i Guij^ld; £-LL&rrrrr5§jQ&rTm; £g)/5£ 
rs($)rrrT@§>}(?luS)<sb ot/5/0« GurrSlpmu? ^jljul^Guj 
u®£§j&Q&iT<srr" (ordrprrm. 

rpjiirss- ot/s/CpcS Gurr&lGpmrr / rsrrsvr GLD<ovr&rr<s£l<5fo- 
<s3lL.®&(§lj Gunr&G6Li6mL-.rTL£>rT? LAp[B&iJ®SlLLL(2.if&<srrrT<? 

«SBj50¥fis- (<gimun&) G&! $ Gurr&G<oij<5mL-.rriJb; ^rrGtsm 
QulLi4- €u <sm 14. u51 <sb g8)Gu£§i <sy<5ijQn<o)nr& Q&iT<5m(£)GurTiL] 
^sin^<^s)L.iu ®3tLi4.<sfo <si5)l_@ Gu^SlGp^.^j^p^rf^ /g §7<ss7 
Gun&GGu<sm(b)LD? 

Gu§\<mrr<5b n>nr<oZr <5T®s)$& Q&dj&\pdjj? GLD<m&rr6ii&(gjLJ u$<svrra 

tgfGU<§n)€5)L-UJ LI(rFj<ol$i<o$flL-LD STOTSff) 657" <£/ @/ L/ L/ S) C? p <SOT" <5KSmQ] 

Q&ir<m<5tfriT&G<ofT! ^§j {gj/r u&LS\®d<s5)(soujrT ? ^m^^G^L-UJ 
6S)(njjLJu$<5$)^LJ ^ifgS^G&djiurTLDd) <s>iLq-<°v>LniLirr&)uJ firTzm GGiipj 
<5t^/D<35/t«5 ^(5<££)G/D<sir? 3_<565/rsi/ GLj/piry&G&n mUzlGpdr istswi/ 
Gld§}]ld [BL-^^ndr. &*fr(5muDiurr<m ^ ld u nr <sb s>j 14^6^ uulL l_ 
Ljp<a$)6ii6muuGurr<oV <szr> /5 6$rn(Lp&LDLDgi ^(/5 ^IlSIg^lo &$&<°?(l&&il&> 

^,Q\LDrrppLB ^f<o$)L-[BgrT<obT! &<5iTG!5)l<5S)L-UJ lSI<SS)LP<SS)IU LL6S)p&&U 

L\Gk<s$ios)& Q&dj$rr<m. ^<smrr<sb, (Lp&&$£l<sb ^«J® ®-iij))rB£&jj. 

(^ppOfiSfTGfT LDGVTgBrT G5)&IU FT <5V &><si$ <oS\GS)6Sl £Gir66)<55rGuj-&iL-L-&}l. 
<oTmm(TQ)lLD <S*j&&£$6$Trr6V ^jJ6ifSTL^LJULLL-.<5liQSrrf UJ o5?<S5)/J/5 



&<omi^§]LD GlurrtLj <sS\<smL-§ith Qurrdj 243 

<S7(5)U£J§/ Gurr<sv£ &LfT&Q&QarT<smiTtpgii &lLiq<sS\®st Gldgv 
u<sD6ur5@LD[T& 2-iL&nij<ss)<su$§i 9 "glfiTjSDfMDiTm! Gimm £§),§/? 

<oTG$r£V)fp&(&)LD <oT<o$T LL 68T LD G U fT <& [BL—UUGUm ^<SOT<Sff) /D<35@ 

^)uul^u i$ii}-QjrT^LD i3 UJ.&S?} p n G iu t ^)§l ^&&filiuLDir&GQj 
^)(5<sS)/DJ5// f5rr<sin &UL~.LDrr& <g>j<oij<sfilL~LD Gufliuos)^ /g £L.<om<smiD 
GiuG&rgiJ $®s)®sr&§} ^juuu^ G&nrdl&ffipirGiuf ^(smmm^ms^iu 
L/ (5 <si£ <ssfli_.fi ^/gyiju rbrrm G u 14. Gimmiry r£i<s8)<oWt$&iiTajrr? 
Ggiiui-&<o$>&uj(t&& ,Q & n~ <sb 6g] ld <surriT§>mg>&Qnm GliuwGvrrLD 
rflggLDrra r$m<ffl$&tf&Q&{T6rr6rr<svrrGLDrT? GT®JGumQ<sijn ULq.g>8> 

Q&(Q}ff) LDmprris^Gsrum. 

prnrss- ^juGurr^jih &rBj&(§nj®nL^iu Q & rr p u iq.$ nr G <s$r 
Gl&iuujuGufTfidGrpebr. §tot <576&ros)6$r ^)uul$- (lpjjlL®j5@®stld!t& 

s_L_L0L5?a) ugold ^t$$&LD; ^f UGsxso<3S&rnrS)uj Qusm® i^ffirmm 
&®sxsn& ^rfuu(rn)Q]LD Qurr(§LL® ^<dwL§mmm&$>($<&(& > 

Q U<5&Sr(j)ll3&TG6)<5fT&Gto6fT GUi&j&l £>&>!&) &>LDL£\&<oG)&UULq. GUfpLjfgj&gl 
6V@P(§ Si^LJ U<SV@65)@ S_uGiUfTSl^S}^ff<^&T. &./_/«£ @5«@ «J*/@<S5 

U6Vi£l(nj&£)p§] <ordrir)i <3l&<s$r £L.$<sS\\un<sa 2-fij&m q51(^ljuGld 
cFl1l_ld/Tc95# Q&dj§>l$f[®m. $fh]&m (5Jfii<xm§i ^<sm€mflp(^ sr^lGij 
GS]u&&{TrjLD Q&dj&rr$0LD rbrr&i&m *gy«£/D(g> ^i£j<3 : rT®n6mujrT& 
£§)(9£g/ &rrg$0!jrr&)iu &.dis<sh ^(§eumtru4LD ^^/r<su@«« 
G<sii<5m($)LD; ^mriGO, rBrrrii&m LDfi^jjLD lSI&Oljld uiti&&&LDrra 
S)(5«cg5 G<a/<OT©Lb. £g)jy «t-ot&jt f§liuniuGLDfT Q$ifluj®S)<&6S)<so. 
$£jgj GU§}1& &tLL-.rnumfT<ssr $uj(t iuLDm$l wosfl^(§(S^L^uj 
ugj<5<9555)6y<£gs« Q&n($hj&(ipLD QurT($!p$(T$ rgliurrajib. ^ebrestitu 



244 GLom&rr " 

LiQj)Gi$<sisf}L-Lb QuGNsri—rTLLui-<s5)UJ <3i @/ u l/ ld GuuLiufi ^(T<m 
<srre&r§?}f$f[&Gm? 0rEj&m <spdjQ<oi]fr(§ S^mcj-pw 9(75 ^ekesfliu' 
<srvfi$i?<smuj ^HU<sfrl^§j 6U(nj6u&rr&<3 : G&rr.emetfiiraGetr; 

c9/ QJ /7<95 (SYJ 6$) L_ IU L/ 06)$ /t«Q <5ffd) 60 fT LD G U UL<9iQ enek^J 

{£l<sft<mg,$E>it&<$nrT ? $iii&m ep(nj6uGfj £-.<sv&£8?l<sb GuuL&getTLD 
^)<sb<svir$<oiJ!7&6rr GurreSl^^Slp^j? ^euir^^emL-iu q(§o^rr 

^ffyujfT W60 @(5ll@^^<SWiD/T<S«5 Q « fT 6W fT /5Ji/ §]6S) emiupp 

(^jL—^fi^eb em6v$8tf&Q&fT6m® Oluem&onen eupqgu^^jeii^j 
(& > rj&g>®srLD Qun6S)(n)&&lpp§j! ^eiifT&(6f^6S)L-iu ^a^o^rrs^sh grriD 

GuuL&erTfruSJpGp. ^eiu7&(6iii)<&(§ (Lpekemneb Grfrifleb Gurrdj 
£§)/5<£<£ &rr[?luj$6$)g ejek Q&iuiu&&K.L-fT§}? ^©««LL^ii,- ^g)/5<95 
effle^iu^es)^ rflmrrm 6h)£B6Vg&$pG& Q&iT6m(£\GufT iu er§i 

(g^fJ^^mLD <o7<S3TLJ<Stf>cg <£{ f$ fe&iJ Q & fT 6trG QJ fT LD ! ^J6UQJ <SU/5£$ 
GLDGST&rr ^j^GfBfJLD ffg37gf)/<off)L-MJ 6lSQ\GufT LU&G&fTfi^^U unrefr. 

fBfToneniu ^lemGiD rfliurr lurr^lu^ £g)L_<£@<a? <si/Lp<£(g 
QtB-(ZL—(nj<s)j£5fT&& Q&rr<sb<s£l ^g) ($&£) p neh. ^)^@ [5L-^^ 
e&Ifopujm&einerrGujebevfrLD, /5/rgp//i, <5T(o5t ^««fr^ii, ldpqjCd 
GQj6m<oV&arrrj(ri)LD GfBrflev unfiT^^cj^^G^rTLD. ^gu^s^l^lu &peir>u 
<S*j qj m&tl &6m6ij6$)ia(8j (nj6D-*uu®g>& GeijemCl^LD ^ehevenrr! 
<S i j$ip&rT& erfEjaemm GiuebevnfLD ^eueh &fTLL&)iunr&& G&rrfju 
GuirSlpneh. f^liumuir^u^, (ajfjfremem Gr>eu£&]j& G&nem® 
&j£§)iuld G&iuiu&G&fTefoemfTeb, r^ndi^m ^ifilirGuiTGijgrrmrrojjLD 
Qurriu Q&fr<sb6VLDfT lLGu.it ld; /5l_/5£5 eupempGiu G&fTevGeurrLD. 
<S>j lii Si (ff, $§1 £§)tf><^ (g^rjuLicS) <^ui3 eu^^rrev ^j^sfl Gld6£jld 
^6mrs§!\mLD <s£(5 ^ebestliuu Gu6me$)65$T& G&n emC^eufjevfT ld; 
^orrrTGV, G ld em& rr <sSl evr . L/rggifr gr)/ <g(g? CTWian <oS7c£ Q&n($)g§j 

6)5) ll £_ /7 61), li)/7)(g t£l6WLD SilmLD ^)^i@ 6U(f^LD Guem&erflekr 
L/(5<51^^Tc95@5«@cS Q<35/7 (/>)«<£ c^/<S<S OT) 637 fflT/Tgggl/T) /T gfog (gyfrS (g 6TfRlG& 

Gunr6iSrT&6fr? ^g)<9>/5 «/r &&&rr eh gorflmn ■« ^g)/5£5 &iuem tempemu 
65)6u$&tf& Q&rr€ssruL qija§i)r§rj&G6irrrT ? ^ L-.fTL.fi ? erekrevm 



&€mL„§j ld Guruh Q5?<swi__j£/Lb Qurriu 245 

676&7"6ff) <SOT r5<5V<5V L/gSl^gig Q&tf ®^cg/T /T/ <57csJr g 6$) <SV ®S1 $£l 

®iuUL^iufT £g)(75<55cg5 (5 qj A '@ li / ^rrtsir ^ <si/ /S l_ zi> Gurnis 
<57<SV<SVIT(SlJtr)<oV)fDlLILD Q&rr <sbGgj£)($pm; ^(oun ^j)<s*n«95« (3«il(Sl 
lSI&gljld <j/5G^/T<s^LD<s^L_(uzl@Lb. Guituj oj^SlGpm. ^j<ssfl 
£_/E/c£6Yr qp<9565®ffl/£jb eSlLf)uGuQQsr<ck^j /^«o^or^ GeyemL-ULD; 

6TOTOT iSlUJ-fojrT^LD £§)#*/ ? £-63T<£(g> /5^<^7 ^-<Smm LD uSl d) GU(Q&LD 

G&ihGojm (ordrpiT $GS)mg>t£rrih<? erdim (lplLl_/t<sf $<mtD ^)§j! 

Q&rr<sb<sSliLiLD $ rBLDUiDniLGL^dr €idrSlpn:Guj? £_ot<s@ <5iQsriS§i 
^[Bgijfij&LDrTGm &rT^<5£l(njuu&iT& ^j^<mrr<sb j^nm $u<5mir$&j! 
<s£1lLGl-<5Zt. <5Tdrm<o$iu unn&§\6g}Ub uir<z!£}uj®jrrm ^(r^eu^jw 
^q$&3>LnrTiLi-rrm. $rrm ^uGurrgj ^^l^ilild ^fB^^p(S 

Q&(Q)&)& g^g$[T iq_ ^Gu&nm <£i®s)€®si&>§} &$& &<sb<sorTULD Q&djtu& 
QgrrL-r£]£)mrrm. ^^j &rrfrtftl)@<sk«[§)]<o5)u.iu ^$S$rr&®n& lSI&gijld 

QurTiru<ss)LL66)UJ ^Lpr&§}, G&ituld ^CuuuiLi- &\mj&&®S)$u 
Gurr<oVfT6srrT<sh. LD&rr ^$$u&G&rr($LD &wL$rrLb(T&®4w &®sr§i 
&<smojm (Lp&$<oZ)$u urrfr$§}> "£§)j$/ lurTGnprerLDrrpgyLD <sS\g>®$)&? 
^rrdr^dr^piLfLD^i^liun§b (LpC-L-ff efr ^rdf^J ld$&® (Seuekru.fr Cd. 
®]gj®uG5)[juS)<sb <5jm&>(&,g> Ggrfliurrubeb ermenm (Lpu-L-rrm > rf&&)uj 
$>KoS\($ie>§}, ejebevfjeupmpiLjLD $nm s\$&& *%©"> sndre&m 
SriLrrpp $es>est$$ft&erm! *£/£/. <$>(§r5rT(&LD ueSl&&n§i. £§)/5<§5 
r£liurruj&GS)g>iLiLD &&G&rfluS)d> Q&rreb<5S)& Q&rrGhGtomw* <oidr^i 
&*.$& &®x§J (Lp(Lgu<so$mpiqLD Q&®y&$ ^jeuesiesr i£$g> $mes>esr 
eSl(SieSI^AQ^rrmr(Si <^^v$G$ni$}.mrf<sh. er^lifurf^fr^ ,£/(5£ 
&ldl{ urrdj^^esrmsb. &GrrffGue$)U-f5gl S\$\§1 ptutiiSlujiSIm 



246 Gldgst&tt 

(oT(oS)^QujfT r$m<o$r^gtf& Q®n<sm($ ^<sy®s)6tr3i ^//j^@ Gpu^mrrm. 

oSlL-flLDGV G^fT L-irf5gfT<5ifT. £g) ff<SmQ L_ /T (7J <S>I 6$) fD&6S)<SW& 
^)otQ(SW/T(75 (g/T<Sl) GcSlLl.^/. <^/<2ff><95<£ 65OTL. 6ff)/5<SB77T (Lp&LDUD&jJ 

®dr5§$(n)n)8) jhrrir^OLmfr &yi mL-iiJ ^q&&n <sk Q&rr (s^rr <srv^}[fiuu^(sva(sb 
^j®j<oV><ofT 6$)r5<ovrrr(Lp&LDLbgi urrir&^Gb a^L^n^j; ^®?)&ujrT<sb, ^nsh 
Q&iDiuG®J<5m(£)6iJ&jj <oT®srmQ<su(skfum$ ^jj^liums^sb &&&£$&§]& 
&<sofii&l65rrr<oir. <gj&&LD GuDpQ&rr<mr(J}) <3i®d®sxo$ru Quif}§jLo 
<oii<ov>&)£>g>&ij. /^)/f)c95<5i/£i) <sy^IQjppQj(S^rrrmrn'(5iT; ^(Siurs^sh <oT6k<m 
Q&iLj6imit&Q<srriT 9 Qw<m&rT €TnBjSl(^^S}pfTG(snfT, <gy<su<srr &>m§] 
®8lLis}-P(& > & Q&<5brprr<sb ^i{£Gmr<sb <S7(siT<ssr^<siruLD &ii)U®Sl&(&)GLniT > 

^<S1T)&>&> &>65T LD[TLb6$nTlT 2__<5mfT[}>£5[T<5V <3i&>®$md) <5T®ff6Gr oSluif^Lo 

<5T<o&prrGgiLD, ^<sm wonmoSl gmanotr gtgiigiSI^ld G&rTL$$§j& 
&rr lLlq.&Q&[t (£\&& LDnril.L^fr<sh stotti/ ^(/5 ^/5^5 ///£/« £jo /7 ssr (&>&<& 

^GUW LLm^GV &VLr$UJ&jJ. L$&6ljLD &GS)fflUU66)L-.r5££6iJ6GTrT IU65 6B<m§J 



Silffl&m^ Q&(tit&&ld 247 

^tH&m^ a^rfrraaii) 
wltDm&fT &{T<smnib(r)QurT®si ^I6m^,^p(g > prrm&rrtOT&nm 

&IT65)60 6J(Lg>LD<5®$ &LDIULD, &!T LDfT65)6lJUJIT, Q U0$Gg<s£llULDL&rr<sh, 
G&ITLDGfrLD ^S)tU {tp6)J(lljLD <5ULp&&LJUUL GiJfJfT^^fT l£I uSlOSf 6>SlL(J)I& 
<^f__<g@(Sl) ^L<£/T075@(5/5^£S77T. <^J/<95/£)(g (Lp$®)$rT<sh LD U 65) 60 U$Q 60 

$rrm <su\jrY&&rrLSl GiD/rilL/T/i <sumruLU$lm &Lp <sh&uulL®&> 
Q&fT6mL-rT6ki ^Gn&turrd), ^Gufr&^GsyL-iu qp&ld l6)««si/ld 
&<sii6$)6V6mug Qi&n H)rj)]®Sl$&§j. Qu(§^Q^6S\iuiDLBrrm 

&(TLD[T6m6LltLJ65)(JLJ Urrffg&jJ, U (s>LD6$r&rT QurT6SI <ofi\GtyUJ8b65)t£LJ uipffil 

Gurr<S§(oh) @}m<sh)Q u & L-.fr- &-m6t>flL-LD G<sslLl^itit 6T6$rprrGuj! 
cg>/6U(/5<s5g) ^®n& miTi! ©«sF/rsooS?, ^(guurrfr&m? 9® Gsumm 

QlD6GT&!T LDUSi^fTlLim 6BlLul6S\(§^§j $Ul3$§}&Q&rT6m($l 

65(^<y/Tg£(5cS(^L/ Guiru51((i)LJLjrrG<smT? cgy/E/®©/^ ^i<su(^6^L-iu 
syuLiosr £§)/£<$ smfr GuiT<s§<srvrr ($&(&> ^)6$)^uufp$ 
6r(Lg^luS](f^uuiTG6srfT? arrfrlujLD ^uuisl fBL-^^l(f^^^rrd) 
fBLD(Lp6S)i—iu urr® §$6mL-.rr L-L.r5&>rr6br 6T6kpff6h; 

^p&rr&LDipfDOjrTrrtlj £§)©£<£ ^fTLDfrmGuajfr, "r56mrprrib& 
Q&nr6hmnruj! /g LDfr^mudr <a?zl@c95@<s?r Gupgi urrrr^([^^Lh 

S)/5^c? &$G$&L£> £_6$T&G&65T? ^ 61! dr LD(I$fllm&&(8j6n 

^rj&&ajmfT6tf^6&ip&m6Tgg6ti)6$rGujrT ^(75#£)ot/dot. sy6ii!pr$6b 
@(5 ^6S)p&(g)<sfr Gubm&rr6S)6ij oSil® ytl^ uSl^StspnGmf 

^jOJGYT $)6sff G)O70)M<SO 6U(TF}6lJ§j 6TLqG601T «^^/«@L/ GufTm 

s^u5IitlS(^6U66)^u GufT60^fjdr. £g)/5£ oS?ajnu£Jg)<si> Lorr&&rr vum 
w&rr Q&LLi^&&(T[im<SH6b60<5)jnr; ^oj^saf^g G^frlujfT^^^lijGLD 

^J6065)60. ^{6)jdT <S$lLuL60 ^n^JLD, ^<S%T6$)]LD 6r£@6®6GrGlLJiT 

@U)IT6W&it <%&(&) ld, Gjfjrrmwrtm G®jm6o&&rr pfr&^LD 



248 Qubm&rr 

Q<sxj<ss)<$»urTiT@$! Gu^SlGpuGub! ^6±i<sk oSL-i^d? rsi—pg J§)/5£ 
®S]q$ujld iurr(r?)&anr®a§j G^ifliL/um? 6£(/7j<sii(/5«@Lb Gfiiftturrg]; 
&rrg]LD &nrg]LD m®j$$ wrrtgifrl ^j§j rBL-^Gufru9l(^AS)pgj. 

^$<oU®$T <5p<oW<o$)piLjLD <3j $ UJ /T 35 <SU G$) 637 U G U IT 60 O/ LD , GjG^fT 

<s£liununri f£Il£I$§>ld GurrSlpsumGuiTGOGijLD, ^/7<^<£uuL_L_<sMrLD 
QurTib<sS\C-L-rT(mnLD. ^\<su(ss)emnLD /5/7<ss)«o u lLl_<oW7<^£§) /&@« 
Q&a6m®Gurriu u^G^it u®rv&rr& QDQj^^l(§^SlpfrG<mfT , 

igf&GOgl, c9/<Slig)/«@ ^/ /5 ^ /J /E/ <95£JD /T (o^JT §£(/5 G <Sli <Sff) (51) <5 « /T /f) 

(^(nj&&lp(T<sir, <sm<oum gu&ld Qub®si&rT®s)6u guijoS^L/ 
Gurrii5)(nf)&&]rDrrG<oinrT Qgr?)uj6fi)<sb<o$)6V, £7/5*95 <sihsis)&u5I6£ild ^i<sum 
^GuasflL-uSlaprBgj ^CjlSIlj GurruS\(PF ) <!k&> (LpL^iungi" <oT<mprnr. 

au^ <3ILJULq.ujrT®$TrT<sb u^uu^ &Qgo&>L-G[J GrBprpj /5ld<£@ 
G<su<5mQ\iD. 

to&ffubenw:- ^ <su <sfr w\j3>&>n uj^jopiL-UJ g&iLuj-<s$I(ijjJ5§i 

©«/r <o^(5 l_ Gurr^S<9 : fT([^^<ssrf<su§j, ^jgu^o^L-UJ ^uu®s)i& 

&nQJ&ii, 6lirjlT&& : r[LSl&&rT6D§! <SSL)_£Lb <ST(/_p@; rbrfGLD §}6£}&&®S?\L-.Lb 

^$m<s$)m <sSlipg)Qjff^QQrr<omgu G^ifloSl^^ieSULL^rnob, GurrGv&nfr 
<3$<oum®siu tS}L^&§j&Q&nr<sh<5iJiTiT&G6n! &rrm &uqCn Qun(i]jiL($) 

cgl/<51i(S(o57 rbLDQS)LD&> <£/7lLl^«0#/7 ©<^^<Si5)lLl_/761) 5 /5 /7 LD 67637637 

aFnrirnr:- 6$)ug$iur5grr(sbr; ^ojtsrr &l$.^ld <oT(Lp§$ F5rT<&<55)& 

GgugAuSJgv lurrrr <oj($\^§j<kQ<3irT(5mQ\GurTib &>urr<sS\Gb G&if<%&)p§j? 

(Lp^oSld) ^Sl/^^gj ^//i/G<95 ®!T§>l$LD UJ FT IT Q d5 /7 (J) 65 <£ L/ 

GuirSlpn fr&<srr? ^mgLiupnjl& a gv <sf> <sv G uj u5l6V6V)6V. 

e ^6L/6g)/6ff)l_{L/ .$63)61) GufTGU^mijlmiLD, ^617637 /5 li 63) £D €p(T^fBfT(^LD 



j§)/fl<j/£/@ ^<F/r/r<flSd5U) 249 

@ IS5.G) pm/Y)] nji€RLpfB£i6SlL- (Lpis$-iL]GLDrr? £L.mQ<sn ^)®cS@ii 
G&rTOfyfTU Qu<5W©c95<OT ^LJLJpLD Gurr& &rroj&rr&LD Q&n®{£& 
iSlpGs G-urr<s8&rTiT 2-<shG<sn r^onipuj G<su<sm(j)\LD* <sy&p(&)<sfT 

(Lpuj-iurT&jj; ^rB&tf &rr ldit^ujld ^jGVGorrLDGV Gun mu <5i), ^jGum 

fganruDOTiibs- ^<sug)/<sff)L_ii/ Q?L_©c5@(Srr ^ ($&(&, ldG u rr^j 
^)//E/S)(75«@ii G<su®s)60&&rr $&(&) <so(§tj&ld Q<ss/T©£g/ Q<su<sn!u5)(sb 

61//5g/ (5l5]®<51id5/T« <SS>GJ65gj&QxrT&rGQJITLD. ^uGurr§} $ ototot 
Q<SFlLJGUfTlU? 

^jg<rtrn<sb /5UDiG)«drOT S)«®^<s&? wnrujiT<smLq.uiS)€fTGS)®T $n®n 
aui-&LD (tfo^tsIuSl (i])&&) p rrGan! LLnujnmrL^uLSm^m ^sutanm^ 
$m<ofilGSliLu.n<m; ^<^®s?\u.iB($$§i&n&r ®jpg$(§&£)pn<srr ot<s%/ 
rBrrr£j&GfT Q&n<sbG$l6fi}®£)GpnLn. ^<s$<ssr l5)/d@ ^si/rfr ^iSlrjw 
Q&rr<5V(SVLL($)GLL. ^/oj^^Liu <SW<si>oD<so «u /r /r [SLDLiGurrfraerr? 
[BLDiIgi Q#rr<sbGO ^<sii(§$&(§ stotot */ril6) ^®<££) £><£/? ^/<siirfr 
<oT<st)$p&n<sm Q&rfGOGS\& &rnq-iunii& &$$ujGun$g?jLD etil; /5/t(5ld 
-yayrfr gSIg^lu^w ufilpgj GuS\ @unft& Q#ujg>rr&jLD &i?l; 
ojrrrra&rrLB £§)<ssfl <$ot ^uSlfrGunoj&ncsrnojjLD ^eumetr 9(5 
fBn^iD ^<oS)Lp$§]&Q&rr<tiT<>n ld/tlLl_/t<?57. c^l/ GunmGumm 

GOj^couSleb^e». g)jM? <*/*© Gurrcu G^ll^/t a/cwri^ifflcb 
GfilO^pgl ^<svpu®Gmn; u ilu.uu&GSld) &<sm ^oSl^rr 
Gundj<sS\iLu.§}! {§l$i<su<£<soG<surT &&1&&& &^u.rr$ <£<s^l_ld/t- 



250 GuDm&iT 

uSIgj&SSlpg!. GrspWrf (Lp$<sv ^<ok<sw(LpLD ^6m65)6m<i<3^L^$ 
§)fp&&G£l<a)<s8)60UJiTGLD! ^<siJ<sfo «{£) <5Tmm6U(T(&)Qijbn' Q$ifliu 
<sS}<sb<o$)6o(l>tiJ! r&LbGmLD ^r£jG& £g) •■(§&& eSl L-LD rr lLG l_Q 6vrm 
&iprrrr&Gml ojLfluSld) Guff'Qtp€ufr&^n}£(3j (BLbsfninuumtASSl^Lb 

<S»jfi>)&& &6um6oGurr6S\(n)&&ipG{£! 

aFrriDnr:- G&! <syuuLq-& Q&rr<sb<svrrG&; [Bitld <s>OejG& 

®)<sb(SDrrG6lLLi—rrQ(oO<sk(^sT? ^(sufr&^m GrdiojmGii &6U6$)6oGiurr($Lb 
2_u&it!jld Q&dj&ij uu fr&t&tf&Gl&n ■m^&lprr fr&m G^ffliLjLDrf / Lomfl& 

3>6m&(&jUUl$- lU6V<SV6)jrT 6£6uQojrr (IT) & fT I?l UJ (Lp LD Q<3FlLl£) piT if&m. 

^I®j<sv>m ^juGurr^j urrit^GSlLLGu. ^jljuuj. fB&fij(§S}pnGiu y 
GfBprpj &mqr£i&rT6QLD &i—p&6t)[ju5)<5b ^GiKm uiur£j&rjLbrr& ®Sl(Lgf5g] 
&\L-.rF>g>Qu[T§)} uurr^^)(f^^^n<sb <sTsk<m G&rTSVGVUDrr L-L-.it G lurr! 
uuoljld $65) f (Lp(Lp^jLD £jg) /j<g<95 £jd &\$iu (&j®nr$65)$uGun <5V G$filS) 
£-65)p$§} GumLi& &)i—f5$&j]. Gumru^ (ipip/i/^/ToS)^ Gldgo 
<&r$uGurriu<o$LLL-$rrLC>; <sh^G& <sp(f§ 6T^jLoq (Lptf)\$§! 
QurruS\(n)UU$rr&&> Q$ffl&}p$nrLn; Guiflm L-n&L-.fr& ) }6is)rjujg>mn6Q 

$n<mi£l&6HLD UUJUU(^\SlprffJfTlD. ^61J(55T lSi6$)Lp$$fT<sb U65)LpiUUL^. 

«Siu©;- Gojd^lIl-^si) &rTui5l &(tui3u.u Gufr^GpGosrdr^j 
Q&rr<5b6S}<sSlLL(§)u Gurr6W6xJ6h &L~p&mij<!k(3 ) <5jm Glkt& 
G®j6m®LDl ^GiKobr GurrarrLbGV ^/5/G« €rmm ld&it &rrfr\ujL£> 
Q&tL($\u GuuiligSIlLl-^j! Qu6mrL-fTLLi4. GurrdjeSliLL-fKsb, 
&i—p&(S$)[Tu5l(5b <oT6wm $6mL-.iTil.L-.LD G€ii(Sssris^uSI(nj^S}p§j! ^j^I 
6uoDfjuSl6b ^j6V6onr$ <^i(i]j(oV)LDLJ Q u wl rr lL 14. QD iu ^juGurr 

amDnr:- [Birm Gippmpuj ^iostGld Q&fT6mG(m6$r; ^6U65)6sr 

^uGurr§l $6$T\65)LDu5\6Q Q<SU<3$u5}<Sl) <a5?L_c£ <9^L_/T^/ 676kGposr. 

*2j§J r£)ggLDnrdj (Lpiq. $&>&>}. ^j^onrrsb 6T6Jr65)i65)U.aj 



$i9&iii(gj.Q&rrir&&Lb 251 

Guniu Qg(nj$Q^(§Qjfr ii <sq6$)6V$§i G^u^uurr fr^G&m; <g$oj®sr 

GTfEl&Lb <S5/r6WTL/L7L-€)S)a>C3><a?. 6£ (fjj G Qi €5) «S/T ' c£ L /0 <35 65) £Fc95 (g U 

GufruSl(f^uuuG<s^ffT mm^j @(5<si5!<5 <F/£G>£<95ii £-&$&&&!> 
uFnT$£&rT!j$£} (5<95/rii5)g)/cS(g GT^IfflGgjmm &n5§$m gu ifil tu n & 
<?(ip^^)/7<® <9565>/7«@l/ Guirdj ub<o$sr<sSI<sb qp<ssaso (Lp®&Q&<sb<svrnb 
G{&i4-G&tt®tt- <gj&(jb(g)®T g®<5Wf£j&m &*.&(&,rr<sb G&tu&tf Q$rr<sm(§) 
ufTL-(5ts)L-<k(g > <S£tq.mn* ^i^j <5TmmG<sijrrQ<5ijQtt{r}] <£!(£$&} [5it^}ILd 
6£Lq-Gmm. ^u^u unfr&&)Gfpdr. ^®jm <^(^p^QL-&&}pir<sm. 
<oiG®m Q&\u§ip§}! <sr®n G&&LD <gj u u U}.G tu u&$u 
GurrtuGSIiLL-gj. /t$<su<su GGUGS)<srrujrT& ^ieiGs ^uGufr^s 9® 
$Qsfl&qi)G5)L-UJ GiAiriLi—rrn Gumruf. <sif/5<£^i/. ^guh uGULps &>n\jt& 
Q^(f^^Sl(sb ^j(f§LJU<oUurrLD; ^®jfr Guujfr $$>&m&mm 
(©i^iiiinurrjjnrifci GrrijG&GiLiiT <gy®j&rj &ni?iuj&fg}<sirGLD€b Gunm6uiT 9 
(3)/5<2> G&rr{jLDrr6sr &rrLLff\m\u& «swr® i&®sr<5filrj<k&iij Q&rr<sisr® 9 
<S>jQ(sb 6iJrj'rT&><9 : rrLB<s$)iuiLjLD, GrmmonvLfw aneu&gj&Gl&iTGsisr® 
Gumu fjniuuGuLL^L- <ssxsi/<gj§)nj<y/7 <m<5vu$<si \eSliL(£\uGurr esrn /t. 

<Siuc©s- syfoifr /5<su<a) ^iurrm (§mr(ipm<sn w®sfltsfr 
GurT<sSl(§&&lp§}! <sr<sb<soiru Qui9iu lAosflgiT&^LD ^ljul^ £§)©«« 

^l<sufra<srr £g)<sirQ got/t® u&&LDrr& (tp&$G6>{5jb ^Q5UiS\^Q^fi<sm® 
GufTdj<s£i®QJiTfr&®T- srar/p/rsyr. 

uirrfQS)(suiLiLD &L£>tfrj§> G&rrpp$<sv$iqw ^rjrr^Goj^ 



252 (3u)65r«/r 

/$<S3>L__<Sff)l£Jll/li) c95<SOTFL_ <& LDLD-fT &&& {§) © <51/ (/J LD /5 © /5 © /5/ © , 

<5T(Lgf3gi r5iT6®sfl<9;<3&nrmfl &<mLbiU(sv6m!p&(§6fT LKgjisg] LDonppgGvrfr. 
&rTLDrr odgu iuri ®S)<sm!j<sij[T&& @>ld§} <$j ? &Gsr$$<sS)(n)!5gl «^({p/Sg/., 

"eurr (j^fhi^<Ar ^<sm<5mrr t ^juuui <si}rr(${£i&m; £M(Qj&p u<so<5$)&uS\<sb 

(gunreftefo:- s_lL<9ht(^qj§j ^([ij&<9siL®ld; <oTuGurrgj[5$rr<5br 

^Ll&rri7!3§]Q<9;rT<5mGL- ^j(f^<iS)GipnLb; <siir5& &rn s i}iu£(oV)gu 
unrifuGuiTLD. £§)/5<5 <s3L-UL(sb lurrrr lunrif ^(nja&lprrrr&m? 
6Lirjrr&&rTL6} ^iuiuiii&nriflm^&<3brr<srr 3 grijG5)& <^&)iu ^g)(/5<a/<s3>/j<$ 

(gurreGero:- ^/ot<s5)/D65(§ pirg^lfil <5T®nm /51-^^^/? 

s£l LDLDfT'(§nj65) L-UJ 6UrT&(&jQp-<S0LD (5HfTfhJi<S GqJ(5W©L0 - (oTOT/T) /T fT. 

£_L_(3<S7$7 & rr w nr qt> qj iu rr &6$)LDm6Qm$)L]U&&Ln §0) ([$ ld lSI , 

"Qu([JjipG$<5]SluJLDLDIT ! ^j U U Lq. 617 /T. <S*j GSTGV) fQ& (g fJfT^^iffl 

$L-$$®s)tB& Q&rr<5v" <5T<sirpfTiT, 

Q&rr6bG6vm. <srm ojfTiuiKob^nrGir QJuGoj<sm(^LDfT (oimpnfsrr. 

aFrfiDnrs- 8>&G&fi\uS\d) O-m&^u u§^(svrr& rsrrtsm #/7L_£) 

G)<J/TGl)6U (LptSLlLjLDfT? £45/T<sZr Q&IT6V<SV (3(51i(oW©Lb; <S>j<obT<5V)fp&(&) 

/5L_/5^J5/ GKm&^ts Qg(fliLjLDrr? ^m&(&,$t£r[Gm Gr5fi\<sb GgifliLjLD. 

au©:- ^(Sttfr)} prnf^^lif} 7 l/2 LD<5!ttfia(&j ^iljld GUfjrra&rrLbliLiLD 
[ruSlGgj&^LJ ljpuulLQ)lj GurT®snSlip(8j {Brrrij&Grr Qp<5kg)j Gu(§ld 
<^/tlil5!l1®« 6S)&tu<s»LDL%Gmrr ld. G&rrLDGnLD urr<^niuuGuniLQ\u 



$5)ifl&r£](&j Q&rr!T&&Lb 253 

aSliLL—nrm. /5/r@p/Lb GLb<ovr&rr<si]LD Gu&&Q&rT<5miq-(ri}iBG&>fTLD. 
&LDrrrr 8, 8 ll2- LDessfl ^qi}&&6V!TLD. ^iLDLDfr! ^fLOLorrH Qsii<sir^j 

&n.UL$L-(j)l& Qd5/T<5W@ £-&rQ<5K g^OJOT GlipgFT&r. " lUfT[JL^rf 9 

(ST<sarC?/7)<sir. "/35/r<s5r gterj&rTG^fr uj-uu}. &Q®)&L-.(i$mi—iiJ G&oj&m 
Qrrrij&ijn®D-v; <oT®Dwrr®st wrr&<s£lGb Guilig. siKmruj.u5ld) 
^(/jdsfflp/T/T; LD&Gmn® (pu<?(3qj<^® LDfriJD; asuUiSlQiSljpnn 
GKskiprrm ^Gum. s_/_Gcw (p/jd<sst<5/t l//t>l/l/l_(5) Q®j€$u5}<sb 
Gunmrrm. qj rr &<sSl <sb fflmrp 'Gul-uj.- Gii6miq.u5l<sS)(§n>$ 
LDGsfl&Gijrr® Qu@\<k Qanr<sm(& Glstr^p ^irifioDa $miprrm. 
LSlfD(g) ^/<si//5" QuLLtq. <^<smiq.Sm &g>m<sug> ^Ijp^rrir. ^oj^ld ^rn§l 
s^.mQ<ofT s_ l_ &nfrn>gj Q«/iots7l_ /T<syr. £l_l_(3<s$7 Qj<SMrL£. 

5L(5)UL/£J GunrLLui.(f^^rr<5mfT? 

Gurr<svrrQ§2jLD ^)(§f5&[r6$rrr? 

qu©:- 9(5 sii(5(5i^^«@ (Lpor, ^GiiGrjrr® ^\U^m® 

£g)<av<sSr ^!<oUira<5fil6b <5p(rrj®j<o$m& ^)(nj&&<sorfLD; ^Gwrrd), (Birdr 
fgsLinr<sf><sk>s- QuiLi$. Gumruj-uSld) £§)(/5/5<5<si//7 14. u q. 



254 Gtb<m&rT 

^<oS)60uurT6S)&, c?lL(S3>l_, ^l(§LD<sm (Lp^^S}iu<su{r)giJL-m ^(/joj/t 
<oki<smL^uS<5b ^(§rBgrrit. <3t6uiru^uiq-&Qw&L-iT6TmQg)^uQun§i 

Gu<3FLDfTLL.L-.fTffl <^®S) & UJ fl 60 QJJ$gb6lIl7 ^ <SU fT^IT <m (oTOST^j 

®S1 <SV 65)60 UJfT? 

€IU([p:- ^J606S)60. 

CeurfsSrfD:- $bl&!P(g> 0D<sir ^6urr Qu6m6$)6m €ruGurr§} 
^rEiGa G&rTGmrrrsgj gSIlL l_it /r? 

lEurf^eroi- <s>l u u l$_ iu fT m ft 6V , £jg)6i/<sx/<syrQ/ @&&)fjLDira 

Qu<r§;- <3l§ig>nm CT/E/cS@5«(g^ Q$rflLUfT6$)LDUjrT6b 
&Q5]&QGrr)rTLD. ^6&@uufpr$ ^GumrjGuj G&LL&G6ii<sm(£iLD; 

(5c95il(5) £„6m6$)l&GS)UJ <S7/£/65(gYJic55@^ Q $ $ <oSl U 1$ f[ & ffiT (T ®tt !T 60 

g-U&rrrjLDrr uS1(^A(^ld- GTGmrprrm. 

Qurr<s$6M ^6kr6roQu&L-it i "&r?l; ^uuis^Giu Q&dj 
QGpnijb (ormrr)] 6£(/5<sx//7/p/ LjrjGAiurr&<& «Ki/t^siSlL®, 'V/7ld/7<ss)6u 

IL/G>07 £g)^)(Si> 2-LD&Q&6km GgffllLjLD?" 6763777) , T /7. 

<SFrfiDns- ff>nm 6ijrjrT&8 : iTLS)6mu<& Q<%fj6ssrQ)Gui7iu rju5)GS}<sb 
6jn)$ <sS\L-®6iir&G&m. ^uGuit^j Losmfl 6p6mu8jj ^(TF>&&6orTijb. 
^)[£jG& GurB^ajL-m 6iirr&6£l6b ^lLsht^^Iq^^^ Qu(§[bG$63 
tuwubrrofj ■ 6i6$rm<a$r& &^ul5Il-Q) ^)uuLq. /5l_/5^Q^6^t/t> gSIguijld 
G^fffoSl^^frm; GLbm&rr <&ijl_ ^m^sflL^iD Q&rr6b6Sl& 



@$(fl&r£](&j Q&itit&&ld 255 

Q&ir®T<snrTLD<sh, GumusSltLL-rrGefr Gidrfry ®d(§t&g>u uL-.L-.wm. 
^■(yjOsi/^ocyr .siojfr <oTriiG&mrT6u§j <s>l!$(Lp&LnrT<ovr ^2)*-<£ji/«<2j 
^j®j®n<srr ^mip^§j&Q&rr<smQ)\ GuirS^uunn srmg^LD, 
$(njLDU(oijLD Qmn<smfr^§} <sSltL($\GS\(i)\®jr[fr GrmngjLD, &6u<o5)<5VU 
uL-GQj<mrL-.rrLD <oT(smg)jLD Q<3Frr<sb<5£}®S)L-Q) rBfrm Grsk Si p&$gj&(§LJ 
Gurr ib<sS\LLGi—<sk; GiDm&rr ulp(§ ^l&nojonrnSw guijGgm 

&rr&)$&8$<oV (5T(Lp^)<iQ<ssu(jmGL- Gursg ^m6rvQu&t-.rr ^is^vS\<si> 
^<sijfr&<(onj&$)L-.uj 6$)&Qm(Lgg<o5)g (SiirTfii^&G&iTGm® u{puuC($iu 
GurrGzrrr r}. &n ld n <sv> guuj fr ^)([^lduqjld <sS\&>g$)®j dsGsrr/r® 

GuFl<iQ<3SfT<5muj-(f^^n r}. 

Q <si/ <s$ uSl p G&mp ^)<s5rrfuG)ij«i_/T &ld&jj m&<k 
&Lq-&rrrj^<o$)$u umr^^mf; <stlL® ldotA <^S)a5/(/5/5^^/. 
GurT&<5S\<sSl(n)$f£ ^JU^® Q^^uffmm<^)m\iJL£i <s>I®nip$8tf& 
OcSs/toti® c£>/6i//7 <s7^)/r<£<g (s^L-iSj-GU j§) <5m®s)6m&(&j u G u nih 
S-iL&n fr$§i Qarr <smu.nr /f. <£$$$ QP<sk(r}] Q&pg68)G0u 

U > &@)&65)(5rrilJLD c£<offSr£_ ^<a/Q?ll© LD65fi<9>/T <^LDc$(g G7$£<Sin&UJ 

§1®siull GfBpfuGufT^pG^fT Q<siidrfr)] QurfigjLD <&f&&[5jQ&rTmr($i 
/5 (J) {B&rsjSl, Q&tuujGQjmr(])i6ii<smg ^t^iurru>A y ^mGmGiu 
g-LL&rriTp&ij <si5)lLj_ot/7. ^ <5m<s&) L- G3\L(j)\&&n pfr&m mrr<sii(njLD 
ispskr (£]&*. 14. LD&irug$#rr<53$$<mLDiT<om uso uj > ®(£i&®$)m8 : 
Q&djiu<svrTu$lmfr. Gu/idW/r i.zl<s5/r'/775@(5^ gSlLuj- p(§Gfr<sjQ&fT 
^(TJlL®.? Q&ir&$(r$uu&rr&QJLb, s\$& ®8iL®s)l..u GurrGD&rrn 
G&rr&65)6m Gurr L-uGurrSlprnT&m OTW/pjzi <=gy/5<5 (SiIlL^o) 
2-<srrG<snrrm[r& 63><55i§) Geligi q5?o)/5/&)lL®& Q&rrassr($i(3urr&u 
Gurr&lprrfr&m (srm^LD usuaj/rp «l/#ij L/iraffl Q&tu§$($!p&mfr. 

<oT®jq7)LD &LD &LD G<$ll<SS)<SQ<S$)lU& &6U<Stsfl&&($61J LDGWLDppGlifJfT UJ, 

^/qjqS)l_^@(pI) rBL-a&uGurnsii Q$mm (oKsbrumgu u/t/t«<s 

&rT<5VLD<swflGrB!jLD &$&$§!. ^uGurrg] 9© (^^mrfmmsn^ 
m<sb Gg<sb §D<sh GTGbrtt)] &&rii®s)&GujrTG®& : G&tijgjG&rrmr® siir5&§i; 



256 GiDm&ir 

LDfT&LD aiT&OJLfl LDOJLDfrUJLJ Up&@LD $ <SoG<Sll<S®$fl& (^S^GVrj; ^j^m 

Guujgi Q&nrpuGuD. ^{§j st-uSlfreSlL- Gajcmuj-iu (LpuL<si]&rr<oVLD 
^miSlp^ GldGgo Q&rr&(i$&(§ e/><sS™j/ prrm(§ Qj(§®$f£i&Gm 

<%l ? l£\($&&GOrTLD . iL.l-.LD U (Lp p $ §# LD (Lp&glglgy LD (oT^JLD^^m 

ld n $§12 ld ^(§[5&®r>LDUjrr<sb, &§i (^^^fjmiuu GurrGOGijLD 

£g)©0 <$<§$/. &Q£<S8>$<S8>UJU GU!T<S0<SIILD g) ® ^^/ . ' ^ rf/ G) 6U /T (J 

&<sm<5®s?lgiJLh <n(^iB&&m&nih ^/«ro/ <s^<S5(u<syt<si/ Q<si]$mQ(smuj 
^rjd$risL.(njrjr>g>§}. &*5masi& GiumsSli^ ^ifliunrm iSlm up£&rr& 
<g>drGprrQi-rT<om&] Gld!t@>i &$G$itld $&G$rrQLD<smgtj ^rrenCo 
Cpu/tlL® u®®®r>m G&iu&m; <3j&p(§ <su.(§^ld (Lpmg)jrpgjj 
S>IELiLJ$®s)&r5g} f5fTLL^(^LD aSI &$ §$ ®sr & & ®r ; ojiu^rrm 
Q®D$§}<surr{5<svrr<sb ^djGUfr^j uggmm Q&uj§i uiLisf-erfl £li—jp§i 

^OfffTGV, (LD&GlLDGVGVrTLD UlL@)& (g(&&r5J&GfT ^ifi(^ G&llJ&m. 
SL_L_£JDL^ (LD(Lp§JLD £§) 63) LD<£@ © /5^<95 /T u5)@/ U) , ^^^ ®J K <SV 
LDilSl^LD, ^<5$)&> ^lLuLUJ & (T 11% Lj <S& <sfc &> H UL. LDuSl(^LD 

G&rr^&GLD^LD @l<ss>errt&arrLD<sb, ^)/j6w® &rriD[r.iii&GrTrrd] 

^on&rB&jj @^)6S)/ja5)<sw- <5T<smmf\f]p$& q<sma<sfil®) GlLDrrujtsg 
FF<k&m<oir @lLl_5l^q5)uj/t(i5)(75/5^<sw. ^*/i5^ Gij<smtiL.&(§®rr Gu^uGiifr 
iunQjQij(sk^j GlutgSotv ^drsivG) uAl.it 2-prpj GfBn^Sl^Tnff. 
6iimrLq.<&i(j)\$$ $i£lGty$$<sb ®jr5§i <su^n^^rrLB\uS\m<s3L-® Qjfr<3F<s£l(sb 
rglmpgi. ^$p(§m<sfil($r5§i SGjfi ^jpfhjSliu &rrLDU@)GiJLD i 

c95<Sff7<3S LD LD (T <sfr ^Sl UJ £§) ® <^ (5 ^0 ^ GIJ <5ll <oMT 1JL llSl m 

(§§i<55)!j<55)ujuQu[t<50 ^ u5) p p p <sli 6$) rj u G u it <sv ^u<smGurrff 
^{j&&r£iQ&ir<srr(§njLD <su<sm<5mLD uifi^rr u&rjLDrrosr rglGSHSOiSl®) 
@£)(n>J5&GsriT- GTuGurrgj ul-L-sottlo guq^G<su!jld 9 <oruGurr-gi &>ld§i 
Qu<om<5mfl(^^$ £g)i_cg;csff)<£c£ «rir® 2_<om®r>LD(o$)Uj <3}$\iuu 
Guu^GpuLD (ordr^j ^<su<sb Q&nr<5m® £§)iJ<si/ Qp(LggiLt>'&6m 

£LpL~.[TLD<5b (ipd5(5l?/5/TLL ^rfQn<SDuSl(56)Q^j^§J <5 fiTOTSM? (/J ii> ^J(f^^fTLD<sb 

Qu$f){S& G®J4b<s$)6ST ^/<ss)L__/5ji/ &®Sl$-&jj 6urB&®nir ^^(sSlsir, 
<2IGufrmt§Q6S)L-UJ 2l-L-.ldl3gq £L.p&rTaLD (ormu^j @(5 &\pS\§jld 



$5l(fl&f£i($j Gl&irrra&LD 257 

eSI(S\^§juiSlifl^ u* LDn<s5)<5Dii5l<sv &mosytpu unrrtk& ^oj^ld 

si?l!<s5)1— « 65(5WL_si/L„Ga7- ^ <sii /r* (ggs <sa> i_ £u ^sirsyrLb GurniiGSl 
<oi(Lg$§i u^$\iu§}. GLDon&tr ^(5<£«zD/7iLL./T(3<syr stot/jh 

Qu&i—fr <ss)#<s3)<3S Q&dj§i <su<smisL.&&rr /jsdctt <g\mip${5nn* <sy®jdr 
&<smL-. s-uSl&ntjuGLjrTGV, ^<^<sm $(j)\$®fhJ§>\ g^lsl 6i/j5g/, €T6m&rrm 

LD&K <^LDd[fLD!T^GljLD <gj 60 llffi IU LD fT Glj LD ^Sl/^OTU UITIT^ 

S)OTsroQu«L_/T, u ^jQl- grTULiBujrrm! €rmmu.n G^fTrfGioGGO 
<g>il($}Qprrdj? ^fjiL^i-^ @^^/j &<simn?!Guj!T ? §}<suuli& 
@£§)<s?r>£r G>ldG><sd qj<sw/jjl; Qojdra)<syrc$ (g@s5>/j0ijDG(Sw /§/ /s^wcw 
G<s*jlL<ss)l_ gnrGmfT? Girii &!($$§} oj^Slpnij? <9fa®$ 9© 

6u<smLq.&&rr[res)j£<§ <S>]ul (svuSipi^ld) Q/5©uq Q$(Lp[B&§l> 
$rr<sir ®j<smLq-<S5>uj lB^iB^^Iuj aSlan&uSleb <§>C-isLGsr&>n& ^su/t 
CT(ff @ ^<sw«@ u<$j£/ $)@LJg] siu\jn&>LnQurriL($\ onajuurrGfjnr 
Q<oudr&j rgionm&gj ^&&riiQ&rf<smi^<Mmrrih y " g)ci)G«sw r&rriuosm! 
^rGmGLDGsv GarrojLD ®s)Gu&&rr§im& prnuestnl $Cdi3 <$$&<$ 
L/^Gsyr @ilKL/5iGc$/T Li£g/ u£$6sr(&& ^©««/rsar, u(&&&n<soLD 
pfituttrrr! ^/fi/« «/r@2/#igi putu &<st)(TLD G&ujiuiprroff ^fTiuosmi 
(Sui.fliir.I-18 



258 G£D<5W«/T 

ldgw&Ggv G&rrGULD <s$)6u&&G6ij6mrTLD fBrriusmn! Gutsmuj. 
(ST(S5ii)yrflG<st> u$\($&§l <su/5@<^ rBfruSImrr! ^ott^iiSGsi) eup$GU($ 

(Lp{&<!k& eueAsriq. Gu&)uSI(n>&&rT<sir pnrujmrr QrjmsrGL^^<oisfj^[Tm; 

Q^fT(smL^QJ<^)fruGufTQ)S; aniLi^ "<$>G&rr! ^^n^n iq.uuj. 
&Q<so&L-(jrr eu^a$uu6unrl ^jOj^L^dr rBfTGM <gi<sis&rjibrr&u 

Gu^G(SU<Sm®LB. $Gb<SD§J /g 9® G(S1/OT)SD Q<9F(L/; g)fili/r LD^JUUj.qLD 
GlKomiSt-ltild) <£7/75)fJL/<Sl/L_<S37 ^JGUlflL^LD Q<3FfT (ob<SVfT LDGV QJ <5W^. C») UJ 

$LD(Lp<sm-.uj (srvGL-<s^<m <siirT&6gj&(&,<& Q&rr<5m®<siirT. rsrrrEj&orr 
Gu@)tu l3ij)(§ $ ^<sw Gurra& Q&nmm |§)i-^5/«@ <spiLu.GVfTLD > 
Q@(fiiLji£rr? fBnrm Gurt&<sorrLDrr<? ^j^ Q™>Giiir&r&®s)M <^mGm 
®s><s)j&gj<sSlil®u GunSlGspdr; ®j(jrTLD<sb <£<a//$ @lL*4-« Qarrmr($) 
GurrGurrujrr<zsrrT6b (Lp§l(§ G&itg&gd s-ifi^gj ®S)($)G<sv<5m, 
®DiT&&\(j®s)^ GrrGvrpnrfr. 

Gii(5mis^&>f%Pf rjm (8j®sflr5§] (g<ssfl/5ji/ esonub G&djgj, 
"^ulSIl^Giu <^<oijlL($)ld /5/tcuot/t/ $i£>uQmrrL- GrjrT&&\\uiD 
^j§i<oD urT(nj fBfTiuG^rrr! [BrrLDU (Lp&<sbLDrrm pn iu<ssrrr / [bldu 
GurruSlGo) Qundj ®jrjLbmLi—rT6sr jprnumnl /§/5/« GunojsorrLb 
f^muesrrr! GTttrfprrGbr.. 

£_l_G>6st" Gun(S$<sk) ^)<om<sh)Qu&L—fr GgDfojrrm&GifiJL-LD 
(ajG^rr g£)[fa&)iuLbn&LJ Gu£)iu iSlp® <s>l®jfr&®f)6rr ^/qjq5)l^@ 

GIGILI 2„LL&rT[J<SV)<olJ&§J 6)5) ll® <$LD(lp6S)L_fU <sfoG>L_<S1^6]pjc&(§<# 

Q&<skn)(TiT. 6ij<smiJi-<£arr[rm<oijrjfTa&rrLS) si?lL® Gurr&GmGVUjmL-rB&jj 

<gl<5k®S)(r)U QuiT(Lg8)j ^UIJfT^LD ^]<5V<S0rr LD(ob T&6b6V QuiT(Lp^fTlULJ 

GurraG<siJ6m($iGLL Qiu<5vrfr)j <jy <sb <so rr <oV> su <£ Q&rr(Lpgj 



tBlifl&rij^ Q&rriT&<&LD 259 

&ITLDU§}®JLD. (Lpm ®S)I LD .& 651 '<£ LD LD /T m L$ <5W ®S)I LD !T <S5 

&Q&rr&rfiLDrriT ^(§<su(rf)LD < = 2iQjtf&on<ofr& &<smu.o^L-6ir Gurri&jjLD 
Si(J$6UQ$UGmj& <3srr lLl^uj (ip&gGgiT®, " mit (fjjrii&m f sTswp/ ^(75 
&_u&rrp- <surriT^<oS)g <9^l_<£ Q&rr<sb<5orrLL6b ^<^&rBgrru^<&Q&rr<sm® 
<S>j<svLL§)ujLDrr& &mu}iu<somir)&(&j<sir /5i_/5^<sw/r. sm^SFp 
u<so®$)&iB<sb ^) (/5/555 &nrLDn<as)6uiuiT LDrr^^lfjLD $®&&}LLQL-.(Lpip&tf 
u^uisj. «ffl<su«L_(j5<s5@ LDifliuuGS)^ Q&tu§i 9 " Qjn (§fsj^m ^>j<sm$mrr f 
<5im(j§m&6fT urnLiJi-iiJLDLDrrr otot/ti/ sjGwGurr® ^(njeuanpriLjLb 
aipfGojp^j £-U{j&<s&)<5mrQ&uj£5niT. 

&$§$$ lSIlDULoGuITGO ^Qsfl<oS)U)GuJ G)JU$_®JfT&& &LDgJ 

Qu<smLD6®$fl Guxanr«/r gLL(Lp<sbr Q>$rrm(r)]®jfrGmfT GsiKsktr)] 
fg\<s5)m^§i LD<muufr<sb (^i^^GiJjjauj <si//5<g ^Odfr&^&tg} si!5& a?® 
S)ip<si/ ®8yp>fB^£<o$rn<sb urf^^^uGufTosr G$LL<sG)L~uGunr6vg 
G&>rr<sm$luj§j. Qu(i^^G^q51 G&rrLDmib ^j(§qj(j^ld <st/5<9S /5/T<sy%2/tb 
^6LUT&(§fi)L-m ^mG^Giun^mosflujLDfrsu Qu§lu uLpSSGmrrrr 

^(Sb<SOIJ. <oTmf0{T6£JLD, QJ (f§ LD G U 17 ^j " Gll R (§ f£l & &T <5T<S&gy 

Q&n<so<su§i LDrr^U(Lp(5m(S). si[5& ^niyu&fjmmriLjib ^juGurr&tf 

®j(Sb<oOfTLDlT)GuiT(^r^J. £LD§J Qu€m Guff G8T68) LDUJ K GV <J*//5<S 

LDiflujrT<o$)&iL]LD ^Gii^i^m GurTU%(§uu$rr& sy^A&^o^Gii&LD 

<o£l <sb 6$) 60 . si gu fra (gyj £5) l_ (L/ iDGftCb Qu<sm®s)<smu upr^ltu 
&6u<o5)<soujrT<so Qufi\§iLD &„®s)<so u C® ^<M6®Grruup!r)l 
<oTQj<s£l$LD[T<5m Q&uj$5lmuj& GaL-Gun-GubiT Osi/orp <s&6*>0r«L-./5<g> 
^si/d) G&rrsm® ${£&efil$$gi.-:SiGun&i§$&<§ 9Qj£)a//r (5 
Qr5fTt4.iLjLD (SpdjQ€UfT(^ Hj&LDrnug G&rrtoZrffliug}. sj<su®®(§®J($& 

&*.l—GF>§S\ (7) L/@/5^^r/T. &ITLDU@<S1JLD £M(Q)&!r) U<S0®S)&U%6V 

2-iL&rriT(5$rrit. &m&LDLDrr®r 9(5 «udu^©®^ fglmipnm. 

Si&fP(g>Gfo &rTWl7€5)<SlJlU(r{)®S)L-.UJ (£p<S5li (Ifi f}) $ ®$ LD LDnf^j^d) 
^65>L-/5<9SJ^; LD<StfTLO &<50fil&ltUgJ. <^/<a/tf#6$L_l2) GKSlKsSl&LDfT &U 

Gu8r'QjQ$&rum$-'&i'ij$)ujrTiD®> ^&iDfrppLD si®s)i—$&wn. 



260 (§LDmmrr . 

6T<5JrpfT 6pl LD <oJ&fTuSl 6l$)I LD ^OTfiSV/T)^ '&IT <A 60 G QJ (SOTT (J) Qw€STQJ 

<S>]<o5)&& (3<9$lL.JL_ &rTLDU@}<olJLD, "«^LD,* G<SUQj OJGmilL G(Ug]<? 
<STfhjG& LD/T UlSl6fT<S$)6fr6ViUJ& 3i[T G SMlfT G LD 9 Qu.lfl.UJ <oll&l<K<sb 

<si?£l(5)«(gL/ Gurni5i(rij&&lpnG!jrr? <oT<sir/r)/T/T. 



_G<SffT <EFITLDUQT)<SUUJrr Quftl§}LD <sS\&GSr$G{&rr (& §)rj£B<SS)$® 

SGLp <3s<s}5?Lp<g<9$/r/r; ^jusmQu.it'(j^ fffi£lo^GrB[fLD QLD<srrm 
LDfTu51(n^^rrif. i3p(^ % "^j<sv)g <sjm G&>LL&\rf)fr&m! uiL.L-&r[<sS\G<su 

U® LD; Q«lLl_ (&>LSlGuJ Q&®LD <oTGmU§! GurfGV <5T<$b<SVIT ^Ug&jJLD 

/5iD<£(3<9S Qjr5§} G&q?)&lfr)§i* (ormpnrr. (oi^lirun prT$ <s>j{5&u 
u ili f£j & p ll n <m Q&rr<ob<s5)<su& G&lL& <jy <si/ /r# («srj <5ff) l_ il/ u®S)&> 
u®d@ljl] <sp<oir rr)j&(&j ^npmUiu Q u(f^S)iugj. sfit ldu&guld 
&rrL&n65)6iiuj(nj6$)L-.\iJ Gunu5l<siSl(f^^§j srmon oSu/f^ &LDn&8 : npLD 
Qeu^fHuu(S\Gu)rrQeu<sirgjj ^(<5]jff)mrrrr; ^qj([^(9S)L-UJ ojitg&ujGuj 
G/35/TcsS) (susmsmLD, "srosTsm gSIG^g^ld ?" <oT<sir,rjj ^GuG^orr® 
G&1L&, &=rfLDii(o5)Giiuji7 y u Gf5p^j &rrm<sou5}6b Q&<so$^(sQ(rfj$§} 
si//j/Tc95cSf/tl6) §>)(n)LDiS! GUjpgiTGir. Gun>g6L]L-<sZr s GuD6M&rr «/tsw/tlo/d 
Qurrm®S)g>u un)pS\<k G&msfilu ulL($) , rflpLDUGijLD 
<^&mu)mL-.w>g>rT®si; ®D60urf®STLD&x.L--& Q&\bujrTLD6b ®nu&§>iujLD 
iSl-iq.{5$Giim<muQufT<50 LSl^ip^^Q^fT<smisL(f^^fT<m. &rr\Li{h]&rr<50LD 

61(Lgr5§l 6£(5<Sl/(/5<£(§/5 Q^lfllUfT LD6V <35 L_ /f) <35 <S8) ?& @ L/ 

Gunuj®SiLLL-rr<om Guu(s6}0s;S]p^j. ^j^pauLjpLD $pQ&iU6vrr& 
jprrGM ££)[bjG& oj^G^sk. Giifjrr^^rr lSI st/e/Cp^ ct^G/d^. 
G®JDrrLLL-.®Sl<sb sutulSI &rrLji3L-.uGurr<sug > rr&<3 : G&itgvsSIgSIlL®!!! 
GurrmnGm (ormrru ^jGiirram Q&n<svrGmrT rr&<sh. piran ^.l__Gsot 
<3j<suG$)®n&> GgLq.&Q&rr cm® Q^f ) (^& > Q^q^qj u iu ^<5V)6vr$G^(5$r. 
^jOdGh 6Trij(&jLD ^auuL-.®Sl<sv6ir>6v; &®r> l_£f) iu u & &i_p&65)rr&(& ) u 
GurrGc8T<sZr. <giiidQ& ^uGurr&jj (^(^ghost Gldgv (3ld/tl_l_^/7 
GuemuL §r$\6fi\iL.i—<ss)4£ii &<5m(£) ggGvrtij&Grr GpuLonTrrr&Grr; /E/rgp/Lb 
epuLuGurnu urrfr&SlGrpGir! (sufjn^^rf lBI SGLp Slu.ASlprr^r 
OTW/p/ Qui J fl^jLD sSlujuGun® g^nfimnir. 



§?l!?l&[£i(&j Q&rnT&&ih 261 

^ojCSsu/t® G&iLL-rrm. ^<5ii/Td5(g5«@ ^//5^ 90 QfBfTLq,iL/Lh 9(75 

6&6U^$£l uj&rr 65)60u5l<& ^(j^<kS\rpnm- ctw/d/t/t. 

^uGunGg c95isw«£i)LO/T(sfr &fTLDU&\6ULD ^(§6ij (§&(&) ld s^uSIfr 
6*J[5J5§j; &rfliu(T6$r Qp&&rr& ®Sl®&@6vriT. 

arnbu:- aoriULD sySd&GiArr? 

aHTirrr:- ojswnjj- (LpLpfii&rT6iS)6b qrn5)®SlLLL-gi; <^/@<rf? 9(5 
6T6giLDq Q&n<Q)&LD Gpuj-rBgiGurnu ®S)L-i-$rrLD. ^)rr$@& G&&LD 
S)®j<sii(OTQ/ ^j<oiJ6xJ6ffQ(Sij6kg}j Q&rr6b6D(Lpi4.turT§j! ^lurrrrwf ^i<sum 
^jmmLD &6mm6m& ^pA^eSi&meo, GfBpjSJ [jrr^ifl (Lpop^fLD 

Gu.($ld Gukuj eSliL® ^uGuirG&> $(§ldl3 suipG&rrw. QuSiu 

L_/7iL/T L£i$6ljLD &6U6G)6VU U®£ltpfTfr; ^BlG^ GT(shGwfT(§LB 
tgLUj- <Slj6VLD!7rB&£j; ^6UIJ^6fT^j (3(£<9S/3J#<5F LDGmGttfl®) $6$)60&§l 

$60G0irw<sb oSl6mmfl6b up^esr. si^n^i^m.L^iu s-sfrsrrii) 
uilL^unil6S)L. 6T6frmQ6U6br@j Q#rT6b®J§]! ^QJit&<sk^uut4.Guj 
$65)&&§iu GurruSJmfr. 

*m*Cbu>tTGT,- "Qu<sw @}uQungi- g)/w<aj£/r(Jfiw 



262 QiD<m&[T 

Q&il®<sSlLLL-.nm; & n id rr m qj oj a <5T<mm Q&ihm!rrr? 

GrB!jLb@<s£l&&rrfr; l%@, "Qu<sm^iii.§l(n>$$rr<& 9 6uprT&&rTi£l&Q 
§r<sk ^g)/5<£ ^ug&jj ®jQ]j&\fr)&ii? Qu<sm Qurr<mGS\L-$$rrm 

Qgbifiuj<S}Sl6b®n<sv (oKskprfii, ' . ■ 

^/<su<rir ®jLsGuir§j gshGm ^jd)GsxsoiufT? <5T<si77p/ Gumammu 

Qu0cS<35/r<5i) LDir)jLJL%.iLiLD ®Slm6jSlmrrm. 

&rnjDrT<s&)6yiuif "£5)<suct)<5u' Gium^j ®S}mL-<5^$\mnfr. ^y&rrt 
^l<oun<^i^QS)i-.iu LDm§$<m (gjLpuuw Qu(njrii (^LpCsuLDnuSlipoj! 
^<swT&m £££B{£<sm<sSlQn Gu><sb oSIl-U uiLQi—.rr€$)iju GurrwrTuSloMT. 
Qu<smmnsicgLO isnu iSlm<5S)m<9i(^LD <spGfj &rr<oV^§$<sb §imuiL 

LD/T<S5£)g»S)lLl_6J/. Gu&LDrr L_l__/T LD^jLD 9 <oTGUoSl{5 GlU fr&6V)miqLD 
Q&£jZU 'LDfTLLl—rTLDGplLD ^1 U U Lq.G UJ G&fTirfS&tf <S>I<5V)<9F<Sy(T)(I)J& 

&ftUJ!5§J qS1lLi—.q^it. <s£(5 r£l l£I ®$ sjd n m iSlrptgj &rr l&u§\qjld< ) 
u ^LJuut-UjiT(mfr<ob pnosi ^jriiG<% ®j$§j GLDm&rr&nGii <s*j<o$)Lp&§iu 
GurrGmGlmGka)] ^surram wa ui3m<s5)6fiu$\L_L£> Q&rr<smm$r[& 

Q<s rr ($\£&§i ?" <oT<smp rr rr. 

wrrijDif:- <^/<ss)«g <surrrr&&(TL£i&itT<s$r Q&rr ®&>&rr 'asrn ld. f5rr<sir&iTLD 
f5rr<srT <sxjijrr&&m£} ^(/5 G&<srSl<sbr GS\<si%iuL£)rr& (3<j$oii) Guamrrm. 
rrrr£5$5l(?l 8 LD€ssfl tsi/OTrLg_(S@ j^rr^jw j%<su &s)i L-<sir Gurrib ^gug&gst 
rru$l6$l<sb <$j$){iSI<s£\lL($\. <$<5&u&i] zixsrafl<9S(g<s G^^lbiSI <su$t£6u&r, 
GU(xnr&&!TL£}&(&) rju5l<sb Si<ss)L-^§i(sSliLL^Q^.^k^j ^\®jfr&<oftlL-w 



@/i)<5F/5/@ Q&rrif&&LD 263 

^uGurrgj G&rr ubmw a>/j/£/Sc95 Q&n<imisi„(ri)${&rr<ffl; 
Qu($rbG$Gfil'ul&U)rT&T l£I&gi]l6 <si/(5<g<5<£ G^/r® 

wp&G&rrGkmgrr&OLiLD, g_L_(2<s$7 (SLo^ds/r Qod®?r}(i5}<sb Gunriij 

Gu®&Q&rT<5mLq.Qi)f£^®SlLL(!)\ ^qj(§^ld Qj€mL^(i9ld) 

<pr$&Q&rT<smi-$rr<m<si]LD, iSip^ ®j<smtq. Guituj®S1lLl~$[t&<siild 
Qu(if)$G&<sfil <o(®si<o$flL-LD Gl^ifloSl^msk. GiAm&rr <g$<sirafli_Lb 
Q&i7€b<oSI&Q&rr<ofr<o)iTrT LDp Gunr<otfr<ss)8>uuipf& 

Qu($$Q&G$liuwti)rrwr <sii($@$uuiL®&Q&iT6mL-.iTm. rjsdd&m 
(oifiiG&Gujrr ^//^(tp^Lonr^sr £§)l_<5^/<£@ Gubm<5>rr<syL-m 
Gurrd]®5lLL($)& §?I(i$ldlS) <5u^§j<sS\®<sSfr^Qmmjr^ £g)<^(g5«(5 
&LDfT$rrGsrLb G(&fT<&<sSlQS)tL($i [Brrar Gundj$S\iLQi-.m. 

g3lLui-Q(SV<sv(SV{tlo Gumii $rrrii&Gfi dSJ&rrrrlggjLJ urrfr^G^rrLD. 9(5 
Q&iu$iqLD £)<oV)L-.<&&<oSl<5VQr>6». GfB/p^j Gurjrr&&rTi8 <sur5&rr<s&; 

<glGS){£<!k G&L-L- &rfLbU§}QJLD &&)&&Q<SlJ!T 6m<SmiT 
^r&&ffllU$6S)£lLILD, §d<o$)&U<SF>LJlLir£l Q<55/T«S53T(5), " GTmGtt &<Sm&L—® 

<o£\&>GS)&>ujrT uSl($&£lpG$! fBrrmrr'eugi ^j^Ga ajptojrrGUgi! 

Q&li@(§r5G$<obr; g)ffi/@ ^/7^ot<£® j^/t «g/? ag?/r g)<si)a>/ru>d> 
f5/rrfr g)n&(S <su(J(LpL^iLjLbn? 9© surr ?&&&($ (ipm^rnrd) grrGm 

GufrG<syGmrr! <or<skmQ&tirm G8)u$$iuu>rT? g)jy G«y>ci//r©d> 
G>/5i£/ ®(Lg(§®P G)<5drgyri) eti&gitujrT uSl($&£ipG&r «totaj/ <£&./$ 



264 (S£D<sw«/t 

Gurr<s$<or6l<sb <st(l$>S$ mGu^rr^mnf?' GKskfprrm. 

yrfiDns- 6uprT&&rri£l' 6T(Lp§$65>6U&& G>6y<smrL-irQwmir)j 
Q&rr<5b<siS] ®Sl iLl-.it 6$r. 

<&l$p(&jQw6b u^lp Q&nr oh®) ll n iLl~.it. UMsb &rrLDrT68)6uiuiT 
giuiiiStiasrrriT; &mm$§iiiQ&n6fcri—TTni'^(n)i£l6STrTn; 6T&@}68)60 
<sSl(Lpr£j&)mrrit; <^/l/l//dld $($LDtSlantTrr; ^^niu^m^u umr^frir; 

ULDnQ&<sS\®S)lU&> &l—ITlL&\£5$>rrit; &68)LDUJ6068)p68)lLl& <S568)L_« 
<£<SOTfl<5<$/7/T,' &68) L-&I UJ fT & QLDm65TLD «5F/T^)^/T/T. & K LD U &l QJ LD 

&&§fL-GfceSl(§iU6U!jGb6oir-; "Gurr(£§}6b /jjg)©/ G^djiL/LDUL^ /5/7 <sw 
$!5§lu5l& 3^i— Q$ffi6SI$G$($68r; <SH6S)&& Q&djtunr$ 

&IT (J668rQ LD68T68T?" 6T68T^JJ <S>jGg G&m6]S)65)UJ& (3<9SlL.L_/7/7. 

aFffUDrFs- &_rEj&(gnj65)L-iiJ ^^^I68)iuu urrir$$<si]L„m 

<gfttT68>p&(8jlJ GuiLuj. 6U668T.UI.uSl®) 6U^§J $rBJ&6fT.ti)60 Q'6U68TQj 

r£}&&uS}£G&rrLD. ^68rrf60, Gubm&rr 6ruuu^^^n m GurruSl 
(f^uunfm 6T6&ru6$)gfru uprfy 6ugnr&&rrL£} 6T6m688TfT^G^6b6orfLD 

6T6m688fluUfTf7^rT68T. <glLjQuiT§l <;9j6U68)j&(g) <$jG&IT &$G*£&LD 

2_i§)<5<§>j2/. GLD68r&rr®Sl6$r uf.rjiii(^u GuiLu^68)uj 2-66) i-.$§j u 

ufT!T^g>n68T; <s>f$6b <§jG$n ^/jsot® &L$.t£r£j&m 

^3iUUlLu.68r<5Un LD. ^68)^U U fT fT^^Glj 1—68T, ^§$60 U 60 
^)/J«^)(L//E/<35<Srr Q6U6$LJL]lLL-.68r6UrTLD. <S)j^6kGLD6b, ^6U68T 
GufT<sS6fSl60 6T(Lg$5i68)6U&& G6U688TL.frGiJD6irgli fSl^J^^isSllLl—IT '651 
-6T68TjprriT. ^68)^G<9iLL-^6U66l(§6U[flm68)U^^iU(^lJ) > ^GU^glLD 
2_&& $ 65) 60 68) IU <g>l65)L-ii)<£68T. 9 &IJLD <9frLp £37/7) Ji/ ,* c^/^^ <S$<3l_ 
Slq^S\QfJ68TQj &pffil GLDG60- G>l6fTLDL]6U45rTdj$ G $ IT 68T $ ILJ §j . 
Lj^$£luS)68T Q^6fii68)6U ^{fi^^l GldG60 G&lL&G6U6m(£\6U G@68r65T 
6T6kU68)^'^lfjS}iUfTLDd) G&fT /7/5<9$ <SOT7T. 

OTibu:- 6T6$r68r &uj-$r£i&6iT? turr (§&(&) iufrsjrj<sd 6T(Lg>&uusLL- 

&iq.&(il&6fT? ^$60 ^fUUUf. 6T68T68T UfJUD ^\IJ&&\UJ&68)jB& 



JS)ffl<y/s/@ ■Q<97r/T<fl5«ii 265 

urTit&SilGjpisZr - ^^Sr/p/ ^(r^(sy(^uGui7Q)LD ^l^^S)uj 
G&rrug>G&rr®LBG®C-i—rTiT. 

OTricnr:- (lE}&<sijld u-mflGuirs) ^imsrmm! <gj€®& LDtr&$pLb 

^fhSSm <oT<sk<o5flL-LD G &L-&G 6U686TL-.fr LD; «J^.^/a/<S5<Syr 6U{JfT&&fTL£l 

uSli—g>$6b <omQj$§5liu&rT<sm60vfiid) ^.(nj&SleirfpGsr. GfSiflG^oGiu 
un(T&§j&Q&rr<m(§r!)i£j&6fT; $]£)&& ®S}<si$iu$$5l<sb LDrr$$£lrjLD <£iu<si/ 

&mwm- (QuiTf£j&)Quj(LpLb <%y&$${j$G$fT($\) ermosr giurtl 
(m)®j®jGfrai §jt[Tld Q&rrdr<m<ourr urr$gl& Slempr^ld) eSlilL-anpu 

Guu<sv (Lp&&}uJLDrrm ^)l_<£§5)<si) w68)p&&lr§Gfj! €ni)&<m ld<s8tld 
jB<sS\&Q(p§l ^-LD«ig« Gl&rr^&iipLD Q$!flaj®$)<oba)€ouur7? @8<smm& 

®jm68T(LpLD G>G1/.L£<S56B>« Urrfr&&G6U668TL-.IT LD. li))(g@ 6)Sl6fyUJl&6to£ 

IL/LD Q&(T<sb<5g]L£* 67UULq.lLjLD <gf<o5)£5 $(T&&m^$$^Q&rT<5mGL„ 

^uG(oU<sm(S)LD. ^l-/5^65>^# GWsuo; 2_LD<£Q<£<oSrOT (Btu/r^e^OT? 
<gl$sisriT <& Q-WlB§i (uh fr ermesr (gjppLb Q&rr'&60u GurT&lfpnrfr&dr? 

&rTLDrr<szxsiJiLjfr up&6f)6n& siniLut-A Q&<Q>&, "Jg)e&aj>Gi> 
^<sm<smn.\2\®s)& u>rrg>8$tjLD $fiism iLppojifae/ilL^^GeoGiu 
G&iL®&Q&n<m&(ii&m-- &&>& ojrruSlo) m6u&§j&Q&rr<si)(S0Gk]w 

r^fTLD rjmuuQutL<o5)L- <m6u&$aJ&iT68><so&(§LJ Gurrmrr<sh 
&iq„$m&<o$\mGuj 0®i&<sh :unir&G<sofT.u> n erdrgj tSi^Gim&LSfT&u 
Gu& ^eutedr u%/5<£ ^j,turr&(LpLD f *&&$&(!£& ^mi^^^n, 
^}<sufr&<sff§i ^sugo u> «/r £-&£)rjLLrr& <oT(Lg[5§t ^i6urr&m§i 

Q^(^<S3><yi£/ii G&&&QS)&ILILD Ut^Q[J68f^ £) $ &$1 ®S) ® G LD (T 

Q<M<obT<SGr&$(§&$ <oS\<o$)&<3S)\umLn u($ld<s$)<s5Hlild ^^dl_/5^^/. 
G&rruLD Qpx$a)$Giu Qr&($uurTiLiu up$ &$&&§!. ^mrnA r 
^<ss)& ujfrrf i£§i &ni-®6u§i? &rriDrrm®JiUfT <& mesti uj u>afi$fr; 



266 Gipm&rr 

<surjrr&&rTi£liiSlm Q3il.Lq.d) q<2W<^iiJ^ ]§)/£)© £~®s)Lpuu<sufr. 
^em&iuir®), ^<si/<szn/J Gld^Jld 6iipnpi{5$ &rrwu&\m{B§$p(& > 

Q&ujuj $&siasffb$mj£uGurT<so ^(SU(^qs)i^.iu ^L-m&rrA G&rruiD 
o?<swf7a> gg<si/ <&$)<£ .95 j$/. "&[fi; <3iuuisi-iurr<ssTrr<sQ, G'u rr G <su n ld 

<oT(^/£§$(§Ld" <^<5ktprTlf&ITLDU@)<SllLD. ^j(§Gll([^LD €T(LD^GmfT. 

<S*l&}ip(&jm c95 (oWcS LD LD fT <sh &6$) LA ILIGV 6$) p U U&&LD G U fT (LS 

g^rnGm <5iLLLq.uunfr$§}> ^Ou^^G^eSliuihiDHl <oTmosr 
Oi&dj&lprrii? ^juui4- <su/r ^jiALorr! <oi®n6m ^\§d <9fo.&$rr& 
(j£l(n>&®pG$! Qu<5m<sm<5m iurr rr ^<o8)ifi&§J& Q&n6m@) Gurrm§!9 
r§i£j&<sh 9(5<sii(75Lb urr ir&&<sfilGb®s)<soiurr ? ^//5^^ G&zii&m ujfrrr? 
<sSl6U(jubrr$& Q&rr6V60LDLDrr /" <ordr^j ^<sm^j ^^^Ifj^os)^ 
Qiud)<50fTLD ^i—a§3&Q&rr<sm($\ [BUJLArT&& G&L-L-.rrm. 

Q u rr /p/ u u &> p (#j ^jiu<svn^ gjfrrBn ppS>®$)&>&&<smQ)\ 
Qfi&&6®$& &&$&>§!& QarT6rruQj<shGurT6v Qu@r3G$<S)SliuiALDrr<5rT 

3^t£§]$rTdi! <&§i <oTiij&(§rf > &(&) <oTUULq-$ Glgifliuu GurrSlp^j? 
<3fa.£<s$)gu unr if&§dp<MiT&(§rij&(g)LD &ex.g&>ms}-&6$)<ofru 

unff&®p<M(T&^&(§r5$rTm $$®ld G^rfliL/Lb; <oim&i(^<kQ^Qsr<om 
Q^ifliLjLD^ <57<oinp/ <sp<cku§s (LpifiLD ^lLu^lj Gu&)65rrT<srr. 

<S>] ®J (§fT)<o$) L-UJ (Lp&(Lf)LD a_^5(5)«S5@5/i <S3) <£<£ (SYJ LD lUfTGljLD /SfOTT-^ST. 

"zurr, suLmirir" <ormp LAifliurrm&iLiLD ^jGbGvrriDp Qua®sYt£®si$\ 
^m <s£iLu\.Gb <oU/5j5i ^<sb<o06b Ol&rr^&t&jw L2&6$)&&&rrrj®S)!j 
<S>j6iJLD$5}Si§] u Gu&uQj<o5)6frLjGurr<sv QuDrr y5)/5<s$tf <rfr 

Qu(f$j^G^Q5llULDUDlT(Sh. 

&m3>LDLD\TGfT 8> fBJ c95 (gyj 63) L_ UJ Q U IT <SV 60 IT g &n<50$GS)&> 

$ Q&rr<&GLiQgnr<sfrrfr)jLD aS)6rrr£i&aS)<a)66)6o($uj! r&i—$t5®s)g> 

oSlsupfLDfT^S 1 Q&fT(sb<SVLDLDIT! Q U <o®Sr<5S)<Sm *2l65)Lp{5§IU Gurrm§j 

lurrif? tpG&rr &l$.&>ld ^&uuLL.L-.jBrrGLD; ^^} Gronm &uj-$ld?' 



§$ifl&r&i(3) Q&rnr&&LD 267 

u Qu<sm &m&§^{£n®sr s^ir/t £) /f? «S) /r) (S 65/ ^jsiKSfrfKsb, rBfrf&i&m 
<oT6bG<svnr(rf)LD opuj.. (Lp®&rr 14. l_® 2_<src<?<syr s-il<95rr/T/5j[/ 
Q&n''6faui.($£(§LDUL^^dj^iLL-($4b! ojprr&ffiTLSl $)es)$& (?<9>lL@ 
jbpQ&iT6$)<so Q&dj§jQ&rT<sn6rf&grrG6$T (?LD/rL_L_fr/r eiKmfi^uSm 

^Lf) &<o h6V)l <o$yi—UJ <£(££<£ <Sff)<£d5 Q<55/T @^/TOT; ^ UUL^Ujd)(Si)G€XIir 

Q&dj§i®S\LLL-rrml Qudmmsf\qiF)$$n<sg}w ^uui^^^fTm 
^(r$&&G®jmr(£}LD! ^rsgu GuGmonmru Qupp ojSps^\<so 
iSl[r<sm<5mL-~<5iS)Uj <s$)Qjg§j& &iLiq-&Q&nffl<sfr<sonw. ^uuls}-ljulLl- 
Qu<5m<mfl([i)r5&rr<sb <sjGLp(Lp $m<so(Lp<s&tp&<§LD Gurr§}LD~ 

Q&rr(LpuQu(j>ij£45 (Lp<5m<sm— 6T<smipfTGrr. 

\SH$&& Q&rr<5V £_<75c£S)(4j ^j0ld<ss)ulj Qudj£<&)6oGurr6V, 
&m&LDLDtr<srr i &rrLDU@)<svLD ^Sliu ^)(§<oUff}m Q&g$&<o$§hw 

u '®r>&u ] ®s) §>&>&>§!. tyGp <gjUj-ti5l(ob Qu($$Q{£<sfiluS\m uDmranL-tsmuj 

*<356S£J; &&&60IT& £_6ZDL_d5<®«<3 [ b.Lg_IIJ g/)/T<£<£<5<S3)<5 ^<SS)L-^^<SSfff. 
G&iTU^L-L-LjQuii)p LjGS)&G8)®MjGunG0 $QSltp &6tt&LDLDrT<SW, 

"Qu(nj$G$(sSiujLDLDfT! €T<SGt<m grrfrijLDiTrprT&Lj Gu&Sljprrtu 4 ? 
iurr^L^LD Gu^Slpmu <5imum$&&*.L- L&fpJBgioSlL-L-rrGujf /5L_/5<3> 
GSl6tytu0<oft&u-iLD Qm<&60wniLGL-Q<3srmQtp(Tuj; r£lG8)G8T$$®Sl4SLb 
GTiii&Gnm gnGfI&StifpiTUJi $)&<ssmw iLffii^(g5«(g wn$f£pGu> 
§!&&(LpLn QojLS(LpQiJ)(sirgjj $mm&§i&Q&>n 'srarig. (55 <&£)//) /r tij 
Gun<sSl(§AS\p§}! ^{(ri)€F>LDULirra eueirfr^ sim&^G&i—UJ (gjLppmg 
GumboSlCt^^j; <s7/E/<f£<rfr u>rruL%m<ss)G(riiS\&r ^iB(§^@ ^u^§i 

£L-r£j&<&6m-iu <&&mg>§}&(&) <nm&><§g>GS)L-\iJ§i @<s$)n)r5& Q^<m^j 



268 Gubm&ir 

$GGI&£)rprTGerrrr! ^<sii<svmiud><5vG<syrr rsiTLD ^([$®j(§ld G&it$§i 
G&frrsgj &<smG$)i-.uSl($)<SLi&rr ^Lp@? - <o*svrprr<5iT. 

<o5)&iurT<sb GiDirsiinruSld) oSIiuulj® Qan&£) lditlLui_ 9 
"(&,Lpr5<o$)$ujnGLD (gjLpi5<ss)$! $<so<so (&>Lp[5®n&! 6urru$l<sb gSIijgs)®) 

ufTSuu>! c9//^^« Q&n$6$)& ^oSl^SlpG^n? rB<sb(so ^is^uum 
GGorrGL- sL.&Gorr&iLir&u Qun(Lg§iGurr®&\g> &>®S\&>&\pG&>n<? 
^(Siim Gurrm ^jl-Ld Q@r? l iurrG$rr? $<&&rr§y,tfl<£ 9© gu(§g^ld 

^fii^^®® <3i<zum Gurrm ^jl-Ld Q&iiliurrG&rr ? arracna 
i3i%.&>&\p <s&ug$iu&&iTif}6$)UJuGurr<sv f <oi®ttQS)®si& G&lL& 
Qj^§j(sS\iLL^rrGiun? ^uurrt Qun<sb<sorr & (^mud)! LD&rr 
'UiLv}-&(§MuQGO<ofc&j Qg>fi\$§} Q&rr<sh<snnruD<oO<5b<sv6ijrT ld§$ 
GiArr&LD G u rr Gasmu*" <sr<skn)j &(Lp GLDarBJ&^LD (5p<oir^]s^i^ 
£}®L-.rriuLDrrm £g)Lj.«a&flrr . fi-(gtli$. ®S}®@6S)60uGurT<so 
QiD/rL^/5^/T<syr. ^/5*95 &<sM<sGr&>(j}!JLDnm Q&npa<sm<sn& (3<slLl_ 
&rrLDU@)GULD eStjnGGU&m Q&rrmr($) &Lb®s)iD (Lppr&^jLD wpr&§i 
urrujpgi <oT§$rri<sb S)l_/5^ ^ldlB^ (§L£®Sl<zmu<!£ <ss)au5lQ<so($\$§i& 

Qd5/T<5OTT® <3F<o&WlU<SV(o&p®(§m fJtfGDLpiU, <9F!T LDrreS)€UOjA ' (&j {£}&&) ®) 

<djl(Lfi!53] LD<smp&g] ^wiB&(8ji£<s£\®niu ®jrrm£l ^ojonpiyLD 

&Gsr&u>LLirerr *2i(i£&$u>rT&9 "<£/*?- QuQ$^G^eSl! r5rr&®n& ^mGm 
®svsu$& i }u Qu&; &rr(Q]LDiTprr® &-mprrGg>; GTmm /5 £_/£<£ Q<£6ir/p/ 
G&L-GL„nLD. f£(Lp /li/<9S/7<S5# G&IT&60 LLGtt /i) (/5 /£<£ rr <sb Q&rr<sb; 

S)<rfj<5D/r<s)5)tlL_^"<5i), Q&rr6b<si) LorrtLGu. Qesr<sirgjj Q&n<sb<sS\<sS\(})\; 
$nm&msi$fe§dQ®KGn(§(])Lb gSI$$§ig> &ijfilp$Q&rT&T<§i$$lGiprTLb. 
^GW&^tBtBrr m eum6l(r$'iSljpQ^mjpi Gu&<s$)& (^lLl-uG^ - 
GTtsbrpfrm. 



$Bl[fl<9=r£i(&} Q&rrfr&&Lb 269 

Qu(5/5(3^<5iS)iOiiiD/r<rfr } "^iq.uj(TGWrg$iq„! ^f^&m <^iL® G&Gu&m 
Qu<smL^fTL-iq.Qiu<sir^i $mttggi&Q&rTQS8rL-rrGujnr ujl 

^$$& &iL<o5)L-u5lG<sv Guirojirm, QloitlL6G)L-&@) uorr^lif! 

^IAL$&(8)Lp<S$®niUg5 ^/7<55S)c$Qc95/T<5TOr(5) 6£ £jj. <SLI (§ £) tt) !T G G6T ! 

GuHfoi&m Q<su<s$u5l<sb; G®rr§>lQ&L-L-. LSlmnii&miT! &l(5j&<s5)6frtufrfr 

S)/5/Gc95 UrT&(9j-G8)<SL1£§l <£l<o$)Lp&>15&d? Gu&8$<5$)UJ f5rnL-&&&fT[JU 
S) QJ <S1T SYTGy ^<S5/£/<95.T/TLD/T/ O? lL<^ I_<Sl5?lL(£} Ub ITlfi tU fT 6$) t& IU FT & 

Qoj<5filu5}G<oO GuiT&jpmuiT? &.^<sisriT lSIG^sld u<sisr<mril($\LDn'? 

<S>]GLjgrr[rLD<sT®^iT<5n. 

<9FnLD!t<o5)GlJlUIT /5 ® <S)5? <Sl) 6)5) (L£> /J> J$/ , "^/SWKSWfT/ <S1/ /T (5 /S/ <95 <SYT 

GsiKofiluS)®! GurrGojrriD; ®)§l'&$f£ ^/^®; {§) a/ G <»nr ® 

8^ui5l($)rR]&m. ibld(lp<ssh-uj v gi&$$j&<j§u GurrG®j!TLD> Gim^mi&m 
ufTiLi^iuiDWff! £g)g/ $m$n& £g)si>G&>6U; ojrr^iij&m Qeue/SaSlA 
GurrGojrrLD" <5jmn)j evpLi^j^mfrit. ^arnuGLDrr yCSsu/i^GiD/T 

&nrLDU&)<51JLD i ^LDLDrT(§nj<55)L-UJ 6$)&<5$)IUU l$UfJ£§l S}®nip®&> ^GUGfT 

&<oVL-&)ujrrm, "Gu^^G^gSIiuldwit / &L-.uurrmrr®$)UJ 
$3(Lg!hj£lQSlLL® *<£©<$ &eyujrT$$rr<& <s>j<ss)£ ^rrsmLc G&tbuju 
urrfr££)prriurr!r£>igi <nr£iaddL-iA.u$&&rT$i; £§)© g)©; £D&s/r 

Q&rreb<sS) <s3lL($) <suij 9 {lpoj^ld eSiLu^p^ OojsfiluSlw <surs$esrcr. 

^uGurrgj ^uld^guiuit, "^emapsmi ^Gu^mL-iiJ @<sw£jq 
a./5/*g5*e5 <oTuGurrgiLD Qe>rrlp$gi8>rrGm. $m&m ^mg>u 
urnrrrtLuf. iDGm<su($$$u ui-Gojmri-rrw; /5/tld ufresxsou 



270 GtDm&rr 

urrnruu&TT unTmesranuJU uirifuu^rf?(sufXfT<%s : fTLS}uS<skQurT(^C.Q\ 
$m&m $)&*>$ &fyi£l&& G<sis<sm($)LD; Gurr(§r£j&<m /siL^annu 
^&^g]&(gu GurrCSojfTLD. ^mcwih $m&Ga &ff ui3<k®*.L_ 
&i7 uiSlL-<s$<sh<oG)<svGitJ! (Lp{£<sSI<&- &[tljlS} G&rrttjnj&LD 
&rruiSlLL($i6£lLL($) iSlrptg) Gldgd Giurr&<s6)<o$rG5}UJ<9 : G&djGojrrLD" 
6T6hrjpfTfr. 

^ ] 6u (/5 <ss> z— tu G&ir/p&sir &rr LDU@)6uSi$£}6$r G&oSl&Gfii®) 

J/<SS)LpiU<Sl5?<S0<off)<©0. <gl<SU(fl)<5$)L—iLI LD6$f(LpLD G&i&(LpLD G&rTUg 
§[TG£}W, ^j > {5§>}[J&&rT60LD> ^GULDrT m^glT 6gj LD, g] UJ /J«£ c9J fT §}] LD 
ULLfL^f. ' *gi$6fil<S6)&uS\<SQ 3rK) //J)« Q<SS /T (SWIfO^^/ii 

^Gm&GLifprftl^uu&j} GufTGV&i Ggrrmgjjw uihurr^mgu GurTtsv 
&60ihi&)m. ^itld 6^® Qu6m®s)<smu GufpfD45<s$rrr6v ^diGurr^j 

(3 65 Q1<SD LD /7 <55 /51L_^^UUi_ (3/5/775^5<olW6i//T «STOT/p/- &IT LDU&lOJLD 

r£l€5)osi&§} £_(gjS) 6pihr&g)i GurrGsr'irrr. ^&j]&rrtr}]LD <gf£{5mwaj 

ULfiUGinUU Q U tp IT LD 60 , <oT<SlJ<o£l L-^^l§^j LD U GStsfl G5) GU ILj LD 

uifiliLirron&toniuiLiLD Gufpp&JfTfT&G&lG&r, GgijlL&(LPld, ^/««(Lpzi, 

<Stf(LD65}&lL]LD G U fT fhjSlG HJ(Lff^0€lST; &<5m&<ofilGb &J<Sftlf5{5 /§<SS)/7£ 
a$/c£DiL-c5#i/<S5 G&msmL-tTIT; ^ <o87(S37 (LD ££> {£17 LD. <oll /53> &>nfi\lULD 

(tfiUf.ajrrss)Loujrr&) 9 <£}{£p(gjGff ^itld ^GJGurTfgj G&nfrQj®$)L-{£<sb 
&^L-.rrG{£6$T r£}<s$)(oST{5{£<sijprrrdj, u a : rrLDnon<siJiuGu! 6M<omu}.u5l6b 
GyrpjLD; Gf5[riT& 6$)®j£$£iuj &rT<oV)(5V&(&ju GuuGodfTLD (oTGmpnfr. 

^Qd(fl)<oti)L-UJ Q<FrT(Si)<5iS)OT S^npj$<olS)lU&'&665TL-- &tfLDrt®S)GUUjn , 
<S>j®$)& LDfT)J&& LDfTlLL-fT^OJlJfTUJ 2_L_(p637 <gy £ H) £) Sm/BJ G£) <S1J[5§1 

G <su <5m®G ld <sir/p/' Gii<mnsi.<&&rr rjGtifi 1 L-.ld. G&nr<o$r<svrntf. ^^p^<srr 

&rTLbU&\GULD 9 &68T&LDLD!T'ffl ^&)UJ ^j(0(SU(7^Lb ^/7$) GtiGmUJ-US®) 

g_LL&rrfrr5§j G&nr mrL-mir. ^S^GGU&Lorr dj ^iL^LDUUf- 

&rTLDLJ&)GlJLD &<5mU^.{£&J 2_<£<5/J<ol/ G^OJ^Urf. «SliGOTfJJ. ^UUL^GOJ 

LjrouuLLL-.&tf. ®j®fcruj-&&fT!j &niLjq<sSlm ^««(syjlo, ^friL^u. 
®j rr (jj) ld , &{£fi}6$)m&<§rF>LD i <si//7iL/ib ^£5)&QGU&LDrr uj Ggugvgo 



^)^?<y/si@ Q&rrrr&&LD 271 

ldVt /p/ u /t ©ld ^<5mL-rr&®S)<sb68)60. ^^^rfr x gi$G<si]&LDrT& 

i3rjt£l&§} Gumu G$p&&gljld LDrrL-L-rrLD<sb £l.iL&(t rr^(§^<smh. 
GLDm&rroSldr ®$®$ujld ^eiz/TcS^^g, ^jmmG^mgij ^drpnih 

QLD<sm&n<s£l<5m rBtp(gjGttr /5 si? Q <su rr (ip &&$<s$)jBiLiLD f &tpiS}<sk 

2-(T)}$ GS) UJILI L£>, Gl£>m(o$)LDllJrT<o$T LDmuGu(T&$Vi&(LfLD <g]®ji7&m 

&<ss>$ujit&($.6u £§)©«« Gcumr® Gwmgy r§)<evxm&&®srfr. 

&$G$£\uGun®dr &?$$& @)Lq.Guj eS^p§i &$&$! 

lBiL\±(!J>$j& $(n>®ssr$&<£ Gumrty. GLD<sirGuy^}LO Q&drp$J. 
Gprrmffitii&u Gu^iLrrm G&rruSl<sb Q$($<s3dr Q$rTL-fre$\tunm 
m$$n&&$Q$<s<smGu& &t-p§j ^uurreb GllA)@ (Lp&LDtrdj ^©liiS 
iSi1l.it &rrm<souS\p Q#<sb<oO ^!JU>&$$§1- <3H®$9 $iB<s%$$<sb, 
..^//s/<3* ^i~§l u£*$gl<sSI'($p$ Gurrd&o mGi^e^m <5UfTia<sSJ<sb 



272 GtDm&iT 



,Gm <5F/ro5JL/ <spm<s®pu4m ^$turr$GJ6B>6sruGurr-w 9 

@@(8/7 <oTL-.<$>(& ) u umprrrEiG^rr; ^jG^rr <q&* <§>L-L-Gp<sk <stvni£l! 
Grrrr&anm u<sm<sm ojrrmrrrLD GtotTiBF- 6T<sm@j shtn&i @j§)<?5/, 

G&iu&n, <su<smi4.®$)UJ <sfoGL-®$<sbr <sim&<sS\di <$jjtDrr& rRfpipfgl'asrrrm*.- 

£_L-G<m L//pj$)<aS)(g/5£ Ff&(sbawr Qwii)q&m6VuGunr<so, §gp$trgj 

Gun<5$mQ^<Mrr<sw&6hG&fT<swr$ 

^yp^gjG^rressrulcsrir. Gurr<5$<sk) ^moroGu&L-ir iS\dru&>^^\<sb 

^li^Gudr^j G&rr<mr$l u®r>G$rLD[j&<S5)&u GuiKsfcrgj eS\mfp{&§i /fisir/ij/ 

&rrihu&6iJ&§$tp(g > @<25<s^il#. G>@rr<o^LD ^ifiuuajesyrjuGurTeo 6u<sv§} 

&jl<5S)L-uS\<sb G&frg>§i rgldrprrfr. <5i§}inun\jng> s\$&>s>®>n iL§\<s$)\u&> 

(ordrjpnsb, urr&) $\®s)p$&> @<syr^@d) 9(5 &><so®S)<souGun lIls^hsiSt 

Qg<sfi)Gurr®sr ^)l_^<szt)^cS &rriLQ>\g>6S)<svuGurT<50 i ^igu(§g6)I—oj 
<5i®n®siiu §j<smufij^(^LD, ^OT/TiS^igjiJD §$®<&Qadrjr}j 
<S>{Gij(ij)&r>L-UJ ld<sot£@gSt (Lp'drLjp^<561(^^ iSlm Lnp$gi&<§ 
(spgjrbj&lm; ^giiit&ili ^<smfr6$)QJU Qup^j &ldsjj ^jujipm^iunm 
Q&<5frijQj$ Ggrrpn)&GV)$x G&rrmzr®, $>ld§i (Lp&&S$<sb ^G^ld 
Ggrrdrip, "lurrir rEnLi&Gh? £g)/5<5 L±oS)6y<shr' GurT<s8&rv ^<sbr<siv 

G)l_i«L_(§/J/T? (§)<5jl)(#) (LPS3T <oTdT<5$)6GTU Uli ' fr{&$ (H)&$\ $ H&G WIT ? 

(Sjmpnrr. 

&LDUJ <3F(^9<sS\ <S>IUJlufr £L£>(Lp®$)L-UJ (Lp<5S$<olS)j5& @ITLD(5G)[JU 

L^onfaju GurrGVLj Lj<s$rmm&iurr<sb LD<svfrg§$& «/rtlzjj., "^,ii; 
gnrii&m&f^&rrG^fr Lq.uLq.&Qw&L-iT<Mrr<oh^(sb(M<5)drT? 6T<svrprrrr. 

&mbut- ^ld; [5 n Giras nr m- <ormprriT. 

C§Lin®B<sft>;- ^uuLq.iurr<o^rnr<sb $rrr£j&<sfr ^(/5 r£)i£l<sfy GrsrjLD 
<sn;(3L_<si£|p«@<syr <3>u_/<si/ Q&iuiuG(M<5m($)LD - <oT<sirrprrfr. 



§$i?l&rij(^ Q<5F/r/ra;<gsii) 273 

&fTLDU&)®JLQ (Lp^<5&<SV /$0><OTg<5/7/7. £%)(§ f^j/piilSs) €£(§ fffl£}(o^LD 
®J(IT}LDULq- LDifllLJIT66)&& (^SS)^GUnr^^fhLBl^LD^GUITQffrTQ)(SoG^J 9 

&rr ldu@)qjld 9(5 £)//5)j5/ $<s$)&uu&nL„r5$rr fr. ^§j &rr®$)60 

Q<Sl!(S5)(offlUrf^€0fTGb, ^(5 «/ISU <^!LDc£(g ULpLD, &rrLJtSl> (LpgioSllU 

]{)l€®-GiST$$rrn; GTmrorrgHLD &LD(Lp<s$)L-UJ <g>j®j&fT&®s)g f£l<sm<s$r8>§i> 

Gurr& Gojmr^Lb' <sim^] <9fa.r$!®$m!T. 

Ggu(5^<sv Gg mg}] lBgv ®s)<sv. CeumsBsro SUflefeonTIT QJ/5@(/5«S)pn"/T. ^/cu/t 
g{£jG<srrrr($ wI&gljld <s>1®j&!jld(t& ^jpf6mQi—fr(§ 6ynnTg<o$>g&mGu<9 : 

Q^ajiuG<su<sm®Co .- «stot©/ fBiuLDir^GijLD <&$&nr ij&Q&rr($LD 

<STOT@/Lb &$Qg&LD 2-§J!lf5§§l; GlUfflgjLD ^^ifllU^G^fr @, "CTCBT6W 

eniurr! $nm <£ii<5mru^$<sQ($&&Gfj)m <o7&ru®n&> ^juGurr^ ^um 
^mi&^m unh^n^m]<3iiB^mft€TmG(5mrT(^ Gu^Gojmr^GiMm^j 
<oTuQurr§i Q&rT<okmrrrr? <srdr ojpmoj (Lp<sirm$rr&G®J 
6T$rrurTrr$fi$i(njuuGU€8)!ju Gurr<sou Gu&&)fi)rr&Gffl! (tp^sSld) 

^juGu!T§j £§)/5<S5 <su$'turr& pir m oj(^Q<snm (STmu^j&rrm 
<oTUU^ Q$rfliLJLD; c2/<£/D0£ $(3!5$rT!pGufT<so, ^fi&<aS?L_£@6& 
ojswrL^iLjLD &rrmfT& rgl&rrpgiLb <Q&&ifltuwrTS> J§)©«£)pg//" 
stot/d/t/t. 

(Sui.a5ir.I-19 



274 G'LDasr&rr 

SUpnfr, ^ilhsij Q&ihtLj(£j&m - <5i<okgui G ldg&tG ld^j ld <supqgu^ 
<mnfr. &rrii)U&<5ft<Miur£j&rr(ri)<o$)L--UJ UD<m(£l<sb G<9srru.fT^jG^rriq_ 
<n<mr<omr£j&6fT g-<smL-.iriiSl<5$r; grrLO Q<3F<sb6g]LD ^JL-iiisKoifrl 
Q(SV<5b<svrrLb Gurr^GYvrrif .&LD(LpL-.<sm Q@rrL-.irr5&ij Q&rr<5mGi_ 
<su(§S\pn fr&Gmrr Qoj<ofafri]LD, ^<5isrr<^m ^ di <su rr npj Q&ujuj 
Gou<5mLq.uj (Lp&rrr5(£)!JLD GTmGvrGlojmjgjLD $<s5)®sr&§] r£l<o&)6$rggj 

<oIGllGfi\g> r$&&lULDrT®ST (Lp Uf. 63) QJ ILj LD <Stf S5) L_ _J <£ Sfa. L_ (T c9> QJ fj [T (U 

giLjrEJ&lGvrnfr. @itld ^gp^cLpon urrfr^&jjLD ^nrSlturr^ Gurr(S$<siv 
&i£l<sqi®srfr ^lduSIl-Ld ototcst ^«si/^/j &fij&G?l<55)UJ<& &^puGurrS\p[rfr 
creirnpjLD, c9/J$/ 6T&&6G)&iu qS$uj gj]6hu@6S)gS : Q&ujiu& 
&rr &§?}([$&&) pG&rr Q<M<sktfr}jLD.&<su<oS)<so Q&rr<omr® $®51$giTfr. 

Q.U<S86T<SttsflGbr 6)5) Q% UJ (Lp LD , lA(§U}&UL3<ffl<o$)6rril5}(5ir <Sl5)<Sl^l_/(lp/i 

^mQ®sm(§ L]p£fi$<sb ®jg$) {£{£j5§}. " $p&G<sii6mL--.rT ld upsi^LD 
upsij" GlLDGbrfgj <s>J€iimijt5 §jr<smui-&Q&tT6mGL-. ^(/j/y^ssr. <^//5<9> 

$®S)6VuS\(Sb ^qj){£®S)6V& Q<35Ar<SY7<ov5) <oT(TljLDLj GufT6VIT®$T <EFfT LDU@)<S1JLD 

^mrr LDmG^rr® SGLp ^jp(£j&) wG>L-Qft gr)/ d5@gfr njimLprkajrriT. 
^/£/@ /5^-/555 &LDunr<si$®n<om®niu& &GiKSGfl£§$(njrB^ &Gvr&LDLDrr 

6M6$)&lUrr<Sm &(Q)<9 : (oVg<ofrg ,_P/<Sff>L_/5£3y\ ^<OT<S^Quc$L_(/5<S3)L_{L/ 

(&>'[j®n6V& G^LL^GunG^ G&rr l_l_(7 m &n ^(/jsiS (Lp^sSlujojpnSlm 

^GU(^fJQS)(o06i G&lLu<o5)$uGu(T<50 ^\(^^&>§j. &H U)U§)®J£§$p(§ 

<sjG&rr Qu(nj&@ gSIu^^j Qr5Jj& &rrt5§$cjfjuu&rT& r£)®r><m$$ 
^wwrrm GU6miq.uS\6S}(rfy&& uoKoMLDppojsrrrr ij& SGifi 
^prBJ&lmrrm. &fTLDrr<svxsiJiu(rr)LD &*.!—&> G&rrL-rrp&nrif. ^i<sufr&m 
^j(Tf,<sii(§LD <shjGu.<s^^)i<ic^(sh mi®nLp[E&6$rrr. ^tsufr&^LD Gun>&<55)45 
Gurr6vwrTiT^iLG&LSIm&6}S)<sb<ss)6V. &rr ldu(ef)®j ld g„drG<srr G&mg)], 
<s7^}rr)sb <spfr ^pm^S^Gb s_l.cS /t /7 75 j§) (/5/5^5 ^(/5 Q<siJ@rr<5v><orr&&n!j 
r^l §& s> n n\ ®s) tu &> &<smL_rr fr. ^(suij [bld8jj &rr LDu&)®jg>(oS)&>& 
«<oW__(Si/L_(oiT, <s>f (sm u rr oir (&jrr<oSl<sb ld rr! iu rr 68) g iurr& 3 ci uj.uu^ 
&Q(SO&L-G[[! (surjG(su<5mQ)LD; ^jG^n ^g)/5<9$ ^j > <9F6$rg8$<5b 
2^LL&rr(r$rki&<oh Grmprrfr. ^rrLDU^ojLD^iuuL^Guj s-iL&ir frn>{£rT fr; 
<oi<sfrprr6gjLD, <s£]<oi$iuld ^<skrmQ&>mu8j} Q^rfliurros)LD Lo/r^@/j/i 



IJBlifl&rii^ Q&rrfr<%&LD 275 

<j*/6U(/5c9Sg) iB(gj!5t5 \^j > ®J6S)<sv& . Q&rr ®$&§i. &itwu@\<siild 

j$/ ■<sb) u, "^ii; fBir<m^ff(oh; &(&}&$ G<ouQpfr<sk^jL£ld)QS)(SV. 
GrBjpfflfJsy <5T<s^7cSQ5^ gttnj&rrojtif &Q<5V&L-fr §}<ss)ijSu.i£l(Q^§! <&(§ 

@>1(J)\&&\lL(J)\U Guifl^JLD 6l5)lL/U£JOT)L_/5<5 & 17 LD U &) ®J LD s 

"Grsp'fru &rrtLjrii&!T6VLDgrT($<oW rbndi ^ifi}Sl(§^§} qpuuil® 
oj^G^m. ^\g>P(g)GfT ermm <g]6U[j&LDrr®sr &ldu<siild 
Q$ftij&§}<sSlLLL-.§i?" (5Tdr/r>/7-/t. 

§]<s?nrr, "^)G$rr UL%.&&}Gpm; G&^rij&GfT. £g)££)<su (Lp&<sh 
urrSdurr&LD ^_/s/d5@5«@ &ubU[5&LorT<sisr§i > L$purrS$ uit&ld 
67 /e/ «(«/5« (g <£ <9FLDur5&uan'<5m§]* ^(Zft&iLirrGb, a^rii &(&&(&)& 
&ld u /|<5 u u lLl_ (Lp^Gv uir&$<smg>ij ui$-&QQpm G&^rEd&m:-- 

m&<akm<m fSurretteh) ®u5I<s^otit <^i<sii(T65^|p<i® s- ^(g^/rg^/t 

li^IJ/J/. <95Q<SU<95.L_/T & rT LD U @) ®S> GIJ UJ rhJ & (T if £jg)<S37/?TJ LD TT 6$)®) u5l <5V 

$lf£i§l(nj[5§l Ljpuutl.® uiLl-.gsstw a/ (75 £) /p /r /r. &rr®s)GOi£l<sh 

GTO-gLDL^fTlGa ^j p fhl (&j GlJ FT !T . l3 p (&j $ (§ <Sti d) <s£l &> G&mfl 

Q@rr<m&}[£jau Glu^wrrm G^rrsSld) Q^q^eiSl(s6l(§si(§L0 <si/<£Sd) 
ojrfn&&n lQ ^ihiufii&n n ^(Mn&m&j (sSiLu^p^ oj^ounn. ^GU®n!j& 
<5sw(J) ^<siirf?L_Lb ^isj.u$<sb <n(Lg$uuilL- <orm§i &.${&[!€&&!& 
Q<35fr®<$d£/, ^/^/D@ &(TiLff)ujrr& $fh}&Gm ^sy^^L-iu 

6VxQlU(Lg$<5S)$iLILD, Q U (fj^oS) ' ffd) G/763)* ^ <oZD L_ fL/ /T GfT^Oyi^iLj LD 

Qupg}ja Q&iTGrr<sn& Gsfj^^Gpdr. ^ojir pggrr ^<sb<svrriD<*h 

^)/7<SW(5) {£L„<oG)QJ&6fiiGb g LD (Lp <S3> L_ UJ &l$&rr $ <ST GO <3S) GO 6G) UJ 

<s£\®&>gl Gm^^ir^^^u Gurru5)($&£)p{TiT. ^juui^u Gurrm 

<§>($ £FLDlL/<£@<oU, <95/Tli £ LD (Lp ®T> L- IL1 *L.$$GlLJ fT & (Lp®fipU$d) 

£LD(Lp<oV)L-iu <$iG$$>rrrj <57(SV6&<m&(§m<o®($®(§ld Qprrii)fii&6$®) 
(Lp&fTLD Q#dj$$fT& Gurnuturrasr 6)<srsuq/l/ uil^. ^lurrrfl^, 



276 * (3(Dor<55/7 

&ira&!T<o5)[r gjldit -p (flu u<smLD Gkirriii£\& Q^UGmiSL(§&iSlprr rr. <5<a%, 
^Gurr UGotrli—W go^&ld Gurrt£i§\m$rr& ^^LDfTGsflsy^ u<sv 
#rrLL@}®(&LD ^j(0^Qmpm. ^jGupprrGb ^j<sufr 

2_£lg)GiL]rT&$G§lasfl6&r{r)] $&&u ul-.&>&&&§ild, f§)ujmu<sh)^<sv^<sb 
$<smL-<sinm Qup£ ^@/5^5^/ LDirm u<so(§pprii&65)m& 
Q&iu£5l(§uu&rr& rgl6V)m&& ^L-l£J ($<&£) pgj. ^GupGvpuupfl 

[$ITLD Q&djlULj($Urr(gjLD oSl&Pf rjf®S)<5M (LpUj.lLjLD(51JG5)!JuSl(Sb, ^GUGVifJ 

Q.<su<ss)<sou5l<sSI(!]j!5gi /§«£) ™gu$$ ($&&($ p rrLD. ^ldlBl-lB^^ld 
&fr&&rrfr &LDUf5gLDrrm &ni£\&>(ii&ffl @<sb(Lp&>fr (LpgGoluj 
ujrrGuponpiLjLD £§)/5£5 £>-£5&>rj6V)Gii ^jojrr Qupp £§)/7OTr@ 
$rriL&^&(§m$(^®S)&&gon®srrr l^uul<xQgv<^l^(j1l^ld 9L/l/<siS)«« 
GGUGmuiuj&j:- 

(srmgj «KLffl&^s&nr (Lppu(§^}G5)iuu uul@&jj& &rriLuL6ismfr< 

^65)££& G&lLL- <9FULDU§?!6ll8i§$(okr LdGgWIT $65) 60 65) LD 6$) UJ LD65fl$IT 

G^ODGiiiUfKsm <sjflGiirrpp<sb £§)/5<i5 6T(ig&jjG&rT6£ia(& ) 
®jGV65)6oQuj65rgij Q<^fT(5bGu^j Qufrujujn<3SfTgj. <gf<sufr l8)(61j@)uj 

OjllUULJLD @>l65)&LJLJLD OcK/TSW® Gu&LDIT lLl_/T LD60 <J>/ U U ISJ.G UJ 
&<SV6VrTUJ& : <9F65)LD^^J Guff 651(111. <3j6ULDfl G5T^^(T 60 ^ 6U (/J 65) L_ UJ 
G^&(LpLD LD65T(LpLD @ 651 ffl U G U /T (SI 65T . (Lp & <£> 65) &> & SGlfi 
<55C)S?3;^i<i(o)«/T(5WL-/r/r; £_L_LOL/ U65)^U65)^^^S^j. G&Lfl&SfrlGV 

{£uQurrifl up[5$§i. <s>i§J Gojgu st^/j/tCSsu/t ^@/l/l/l/ull. 
Qujtuj£ ^rs^iurr uS\qi)&& G6U6m(^)QLD65Tgij r£l65)65T8>g(Tii. &>rriD 

61^65)aiU (&jpp(LpLD Q&lUUJI7$(nfj&6V)&uSi(5b y &Q6l)aL-.lf {£ldlB§j 
QufTLU&(§ippLD ft-LD^^, G6U65)60uSl65rl65rglJ LD (§&S)Ujl(llj&&}prT 77 
6T65fU65)^ ^/ 6U (5 65) L_ UJ Q & ®Sl <35 6TT ff> LD U 6)51 60 65) SD . ^/6£/ 
2_ <oMf <Sff) LD liJ/T Il5! (5 c£@ (S LD (T Q 6U 65T (T)} LD , <£/Ji/ UJ K (§65) l—UJ 
gSIg^s LD G LD (T Q Qd65Ttt)JLD (3 (L/ fT £)<55<$ /T /T. 6p65T^J^ GgfT 65Tp 6)516065) 60. 

&rr LDfT 65)6u uj /T^/E/S)<st) urrGmoy &)$&>} s-msTij^ojfjnr^GvnrGVy ^jGurr 
<£!&}(&) {51—13^ &LDun<sty(S&6miBm &qfj$®s)£ ^ifl^^j Q&rr655TL-(ifr. 

35 6ST6S LD LD (1 Gff 6)51 Q$ UJ LD 61 65J 65T Q 6U G5T U 65) g GlDGOGO 



^Iifl^fii^ Q&niT<9i&LD 277 

' &&urT6fy65>65sranuj Qu>fTL£lQuujiTggi 611/535/7/7. <9>65i&iDwn<ofrl<sGr 

W®$T(LpLD QtDUJiqLD <=§^<£@ U^^OfffT gtf ££, ®8 UU U l3 m fT Ggj LD 

^l<suLDfr<ssr$$<ssrfTG£iLD ul-ul-jb§i r£l<sbrn)6sr. &n ubu§\mGuium&>n fr 
®iB<sty<s®<ss)$u ufTir&gj, "<oT&rm ^^(fluju)! ^\$&> £-&j£U®4 

(^ppraj^efild) (5j<oS)^ilild /5/707 Q&djuj®S)<sb®n<soGuj! (ormfprrjT. 
&lB®^®$tit §j6$)rrQiu6$)}L£> lap p GurT<5vmjfrG( 7s^i LD ^<svfi Q&rrG$i<m 

Q&rT<SV65)<SV<9 : &!filG&6V)ILD U)^<S5<95©9si?CT)Stf. m&lLj&J&GfTGljLDrr&LJ 

Q&rr<cb<su<ss)-&& G<$l_®l/ ULpSnu Guir<sS&orrif L/<£jg)«@ 
&[tldu&)®jld <s>{G$ (3<sy&2*/5<£/r<s5r Gurr®<su$n®$ (3&frmr$tu&jj. 
^onaiuird), &i£)®$<miT .^Guemiju Qu(§&$ <gyG(ijnr&&}tu 
gFlarrLL<5wfliurr&Gaj uc>§>l$$fTirrru5l6V)iLD, Q<su<sfil&(§ wfr^fjiD 
u>filujn<S6){5 amin}., "&Q<sv>&L-.n <£)#/! <si)€Uj$/ GuirdiGiurr, u^ui^ 

c9$6)<SU<£i__/T Q<9Fnd>QJ§J QufTUjGlUfT; ^j§J f£ttGm lS?OTOT/TO) 

/5/707 &l~<s5)Ldlj uiLt^oudr. ^jG^n $$§Z<as)UJ $mi&Gm 

${3§>lujrT&G®j &rT<5muuiLL-§}; ^vn^n 

&Q<M®t-filL-$G>!<53(r5pG$ <^/5@(/5/5&5/. ^/^OT^dr euireaopuD 
&L£}®$<otrfr uiq.$&>ut4-Gm $®jb$$1;: *rr&ugl6uu> ®$$J 
Giurr&wm G&iu&Guijrr i£/, "a-ii> /5L_««lL©U); otc&co/tu) 
&rr<soeS)$§lujrT&Lb; <or$mQ<svi&r<ssr &LDU®Sl&£)fpG$n' unir&&wrTLD. 
^uGurrgj £-&&(§$& (g, fsrrdr <oT&rm Q&£iiu GGu<sm®LD? 



278 Gld<o6t<9>it 

Qup^!^Q^nm^m^m. <Q&mmm gsru ^D^m Gunr<s§eh 
u ^iuam^^[f^^uQu^^Q^n<mrGi-m <oT<sm&i gp^iuSlm 

^ojairnGoj, G<suQprr<smgLii£l<sb<ss)<s». ^i^dnSlp^ iu&/tf®5«(g 
eSI($uuu>nm J§)l-0S/*@ /f/a/«55dr Gurr&GonLt" <sT€&rpn-/r. 

<sv&tiSQ<*Q®&§l&Q&rT<*m®, §]<ss)!Ju51l-.ld Q&rr<£<s6)&Q&rT®T<ofr 

S®L/6OT(SlG)iD<s5r@//JD LDlfllU!T<SS)&GVUJlL]LD y &LL§j G&&$m$tL]LD 

<pnSl£Q®rr<smL-rriT. oj(smi^ <§hLl-UuiLl-§i. ^pm^i 2-<so®w 

&G5)<SniqLD <oT®i5$ FF&GST&J G&f7 U &<SV>$G IU , <& 61/ etil ($ <S1/ ff) 657 

G&iru$$gtn)(g) ^<mmrQ&n&w.GwGm($iu>- <2/dn#, (3<si;gi/ 67/555 

G&(TU(LpLD <${$&& &LD UU &§$<£> ^®S)<5mQ<9FrT6b<S0& ^@/5<£<5<Sl)<SD. 

<si5?csi)OT>(aU. ^&mu$tgl&) upuu&n&Goj rg!<oS)mg5gj& Q&ir<sisn—asrir. 
<^<si//Ta;<sY5<ss)L_iiJ Lbm$<sS\(jT)$§} Qurr(Ej£lQiu(Lgf5gl 2-.€0&$a)$ 

QlLJ<sb<SDFTLD fLpLq.UJ SL<S58r/T^(S5>UJ<g5 G&fTULb (SjdTU^Ff, §JUJ[JLb 

(oimu^rr, <sSlu§§} <ordru&ir (5J<sbr<m Q<sadfu§j? ujitojld 
®j(§^^mQ^ymGip Q&iT<5V(svG6ij<mr®LD. i£l$i£l<gj&ltu 

Q«/T@L/l5)(5U ^<SU/T6S(Sy5<S5)L_£U /$<ar><SDa>LD c95£l®««L.^«/TID<Sl) 

GurruSIjptr)], eurrtugljppgj Gu&gijld w^GuppGiitjniiu QurruSl<s®fr. 
g>[5gl $LR<s$iQ$fj&§!i<5b <su<smi^ mtoi$§>luj wonGOttilm- 6utr&<sSI®) 
$<skff)<$m—m, &rrLDFf<DS)®uujiT "^p(ii(gjfij&m <sT<sfo<p L$lpG&, 

GurrGsrmLDUjfKsb, L§<mfliuiT6$<3i<sfrlL~LD Gunr«« <%x.L~rrQ^<sir$pJ 
<nmum$uup$ &fTLDU&)®JLD Giurr&mm Q&dj&rrrr. w p pausmu 



.@rf?<£F/s/(g Q&rrrr&&L£) 279 

oimn^tiSlcsb ^uj-UlL@<£ &Il-&(&}ld $w§] LL0W&U iSmmmmiu 
^oj&rrLbrT&LJ ufra^^Q<siimr(^QLD(sirQjLD &n.ip 9 <gq®jrr 
^tj&&(£iQ&rrmr($\ i Gumbu urrrr<&& <sh§ild$$ Q&rr ($j£&rr h. 
<m<ssrfT<ob 3 QjprfT&&rTi£ltLiL-Gm (Juffl, <^/Gt/a>ar 

■^<soiLL-&faL-rTQ$<sbripjLb 9 u§>i®n®ff$§j filL£}<s^^^lpQ Gww 

<£l§l'W$£ig>g>fT.ir. 



fi-£_A 



ld/d/d ^)©fiWOT)fTtt/ii ^^qS1l-&§${})(§ <SH®nip$§lu GunmfTfr. 

(tppr$GgjLD £-<smiTQJ(prr)j $mnGUQm-.$§i ^.vSlfjppsym Guaso^ 
§j<su<sm® S)L./5^/rdr; sl.L-LdlS<sv qr.piT gmdit &$ g/OTfl««iL®«6fr 

idoSI/t &leSliT$$§i; &<sm&<sB<sb SGmmffr Qurrf!U§)& «L-dSi-Oa/drgj/ 

ujptjSl «7/fl0£g/; ^)©5ii©^ <=2//5<9S $<s5)<sv<ss)wuS}<sv <3Tdrm Q&£j®jfr? 

QurT($m ^g& (^mmpHLD Q&n®$§!&±€yfo&iuiTfriT* 
g)C5/5£<swvr. ^ip&u urfl&rru&p-LDrrm Q$irjjbtp&&>$* «ssnrswr, 
^IGurr&^mL-UJ (Lpp^iu <s£l&<xrm&®r lunrojb. ijeSIuSleir (tpdr 
ya)» «gilij^ -.0<ardrOT '$>*£ Qvfi$!fe&i&™tem& ^ mii 



280 (Sudoi^/t 

§>GijQ®jrr($ &rrtu(y>LD ■«Tri/ o/ oto/ Quifl&rruS)($p&Q&<sfc^LD 
<sS\<otirr&<ss)&> &irinrra>GuujiT Q<3Frr<sb<so& : Q&rr<&G0 9 ^<surr^m ®S1ldl£} 

^<o^^QSl(smr& GurnT&&rTLSl <9F<siiLDGuFr<so& SlL-^nm. £_i_(3<osr 
&(tldu§}®jld Lbmai(j$di^LD <SH <ar> i~-j$g]> "g)Giurr! Gjtgonrj 
f5iriLt—.rr<sbr <5T<sb<sdn®s)fjU-iiJb <spQrj &n<w$ff>l<sbg>rtmfT 

GunmG^rf® r§)<sbrtpgi; £_ld«@^ G^^muLDn G/5/j(3qjsw@ld/ 
urr<o£lujn&iuj <S7£37«@ rsmonwGiu r£l<sto<souu$£l<£.<sG)6a. u&>§i 
/5/rL_«{g5«@ (Lpsir (3 ldot* /t <s5)<su /§./r uSI&gijld ^murr& /5<_<5@ 
^i<oS)g- Grsrruj-LLiLD ^Gii^m <o£1lL($)u iSrrliurr&jj mfr^^&o^iuA 
&rr LLu^ujm^&&<sm® <sj®sr ldotlo <oTdjQj(snai L^ffl^g]. 2-®st&(§ld 
®l<si!GU<orrai &r5G$rreq/L£>iT stot/t}/ Q^iuguGld cgy<s3><£<£ &<sm($\ 
QurrrprrQS)tD G&rrGm® gtost gu u uS si? LDcssnancmu GuitlL®} 
gS)lLl-.G$! <oT<okr6G)j<oG)L-iu S$(njd$Lq. G^ug^Gld s_ /s/ <£ m 
^j0GiiQS)[riLiLD ^juut4. ^<svr£iG&rT6i)uu($)&§d s^iii&m 
Gurr Lp&€S)&65)iu& : ff)dr<s$rrr i5lmmLDfT&&} uSlo&t&jGtDn i 

^UUUl.UULLL^§JiS^,L-<i dSSTOT ^juGuiT^j 6J6S1 <S$& : 6mUU(§\Qpp&il 
€TQST^] UGOGUarpiJ ^[D«@<oYT r§l®5)6M§>§} Q-(n)&l65TrTIT. &6$r&LDLD(T<siT 

u LDrruiSl<shm<srr; LDnui3mGmmr <oTdrgj ^)/J<sw® (£p6$rg)J (Lpc&fp 
a^u lS) lLl-[t <sh. <gj®jm ^Gtntib 2_6mfrf5$g>rr&$ G^nmp<s^LB<si)<oS)<oO; 
&)$}§1L& ^Gfr&^ipfriJLb, &<sm$fp<siJiTLJD§HLD (iposiG u n <soGod 
S)l_/5^/ts5t; «ar<5!iLD/T(Syr, ^uGurr&tf ^/<siigp/«@ <stqj<sS\§ 
£L.u&tf<5$)6m Q&d]<otiQ^muG$)& ^$\uiLrriL.L~nL£><sb ^oSl^rfm. 

LjGSluUlTGb G®<o®<5llQlU<SWtp{T Gpl LD« gL.L-.Qm ^0oS]««<Sl/Lb, <jy<SU<Sffrj$/ 

^lo5)/t 6TiD(3<a>n-«<gj£)<oSr Gim&puiq-uS\<sb ^©/fe^^S^» ^/^0 
Q&6krtt)j <ofLDG$)ii—m (Lpd$Lq.iLig£LD Q&ujgj ^Gutsir sl. u5l ®n rj 

l8lL(§)GU[J<SIILD £<&& §$)tf)<S?)l£> GUfTlhr&fb &m&LDLDfT6iT, ^LlGufT^J 
<STL/lJ/7@ uQi)<SU^fTuSi€S)ILD. GlJ[riT<9S&fTLSlu5lm F$mGV<S$)LJDu5)<$b &\$IU 

LDfr0jurr(^)LD Ggrrmp Gum&u5l<sb6&<so; tupp ^shur&j&Gnrr&liLi 



@/fl<j/E/@ Q&rTrr&&LD 281 

&&}&&LDrr LLi—rr ldgv u ongsu ongg^n eh; g£>tfm 6pm<smrpiLi$j} 
Q&iumiArr l-l.it ldgv &ldld[t $pu§$ ^oj^i^^ &tfmuLDMjw[Y& 

^UJITLDd) ^JL^^^J ^tq_£&jf ^QJGS)m ^syr«S<sQ«/TSMr(?L_ 

Qub<SQ<sv{bg>L-.<sfi\ i u LDrrLu3m<58)mt LDrruiSl<srrGG>GiTr tormiprrm» 
§?l L&.G) rj<5&T(pj <sii(jrT&&n LfiluSm &6m&m $rpn?&tf Q&rrG68TL~68r. 
^<mrr$o oSlLfilam umrii&\jL£>rr& Jg)(2j/5£>OT. urrirsmoj ^rii(§ 

$Gkp6l]f[&6Jil<ck LB^l <sS\Lp<ofil<5b®S)<oO. <s>jQjm G«i//p/ Qoj^a^i£iL/ 
urr rr^^rrm; ^ ®j @y <szn l_ £i/ Qp6sxsrr fsmpmuA (^LpiDiSlu 
QurruSl(§uu(sis)^iLjiub, <gy$ij<s$r (Sg&oppffilGpiLb u&g$)&u L^Gmsmrr 
uSl(j^uu<oS)^iLiLD^!<sij<5m ®5)l£)iz5)<s5t 0ipL/Lj(y>Lb, ^dilu$\m®s)WiLiLn 

G^/rrir/r), ^®r>LL&6fr$nrGLD %y)i£i-&Q&[i<smL-.m. ^uGun&tf <^y/5f@ 

6Lf/£<5 &tf<5$>!J6W!T<oisfJujrTi<E)lU $fT$ Q IU fT (5<g@ , 'V/J^if Gl&lUlUfT L&GV 

urTfrj£§i<sS\il-(})\u Gunrrii&Gfr. ^Qj(^t-.<sk Qu&&&^L-n§i' > <5Tskgj 
^jfij^KsSo^ uno^G^uSJGb $&&&(&}[T6Sl<sb ^§$&rr rr^Ggrr © 

^(suipmp ojfTfBjS) ul-$<ss)$ £-(j)f£j GfBrrAS)mfrnr, ^/<s^>^« «otl 

&<ffl&LDLDIT(§r$LD <^/(5&)<SU Q/5©fi/S) ^Q5)£U UfTff^fT&T. oS^CULD 

®i<skr(o^Q^dru§! ^ si/ /Td5 (g/5 <s @ s_L_G<?3r <^<mfij&®$<sb6&)<sv. 
(Lp&iij&f§tj)Lb &L-&Q&<shfru LDnif)lGS}iLL_.<sm; iSlGijg&amm 



282 CSlDOT^/T 

G@rT<sfc$iLigj; q&§$ (SffiLDLSliugi; ®$ld &)(§&) ($Q<sudrg}] &ipmp§i; 
Qp($uurr'jp$<& /§/5@£ &@&<s®uGun6m(?u Gu(T6orru$mfr.. 
mw&tgliu&rrmGViLiLb, <&jfjrr&&rr lBh/ld, ^<sii@/<s*)i_izj 
xmui5im$n>Lb, &iL($i&<&ld ^<5urr<%(^6is)L^uj G[5rr&&&£5!®sfl<skQ] 
^^rjmrT6oGwnQ6u<mmQ$rrLq-iB<& ub6mpr5@6®r. wimmmri^u 
tBenmm GidotcSJ/f^/Gid ^Gufr&Grgi ^&&&6m€mrT£liu 
fBfTL^mGuxo5)L-uS}(sb G$nm$& &*>$&nvL €Sr n- &u>gl'£-i—u>onutLiL6 
@itld <or(Ej£)(§x£)Gfr)fTLD GTmum$U4Lb u^p^§} u$$uQunii 
S{uui£}-Gm §jj<sm&&r><ofru Gurr<so $G&rjr)iefiliLi—asriT. mnir «rarar 
Q&rr<&§l}<°u§j er&ru6to$' *2m$)ujrTLDto) &6urfld> ^lll/ull 
Slgglcru u§imiL<$>m<srru Qun<so ^6^^6up^(f^^miT/^uGufT§j 
grrStuSlm g^i@/ja) G$(§ldu6i]ld ^6mL-rru5)pgj. "u§im®$i$§i 
rilLEls^uD qpiq.$§} GuuujoSIlLl^^; Gurr&eoFTLD" 6i6irp &$G$rrety 
&f£j&S$muj @)f$£i]LD Loasrrii &n.&rrw<5v ^6U6h Q&iflefi)£$rT-®r. 
^^p(^m&rTwrT®n6LiiLJif, "^mnsttrrri rBrrifl<s®&ujrTdj s£IlLl^^itld; 
[BfTLD GlGueftluSlp Gufr& G<si]<sm($)LD; &i4-&rsj&65)<srr (LpmGurrGO 
<stoa]$gtfGSI($i<3®jrTLD. §imr?u$\dr ^>/@/ld@ u5l<sb<sorrijb<sb r^mh 

6T6G)g>lLfLb 6T(J)<gg/<9S Q<95/T(5W® Gun<3S^^l—fT§j" <oT<okpiTlf. <£/6S)<5<£ 
(S<55I_Ll_ &fTLDU@)<SllLD &UL$[EJ&&r>6fTlLILD U L_<g 6^)^lLj LD (LpmGunO) 
£_<Sff)L_«@rir €^Gli^<oS\lL® Q 6V 6® Il5l 60 0-L^^IT /T. ^6U(§6S)L.IU 

$Lpm<souQun<oO& &®n&LDLDrT (syjzjD ^l.G<si/ Q&mprrm. (^dsu^ld 

(MGssrui-iLiL-Gsr .&itujljli ^lurrunr^ ^©iB^tf^* <symrL^. uSl <su 
ljlLc-UulL©» qS1($)u®ld GULfliurfilujrrLDGO $$&efil$§i $<sbrip 
(g@<ss>£ri£/Lb, &itldlj@)®jld &6w&LDwn m ^Stvu' ^)®a/©«@tb- 
GfBnfe&J <si/©ii Q u rr <sb<si) ri fii (&}&€$) <str& &<sm® ^(Lp6U6^)^uQufT60<i 
ansmisisrfrr Q&rrif}r$&jj t£®sr ®SJ§>!®$)tu $®s)<s$r{5§} <sH(Lg§iQ&ri6m(})\ 

QoievSiiS?c5i) <si//5<^6i/L_<oir, &HLDuff\6uijb Gu<smui-&&(nji§lGb 
Qr5(n}dis>fTLDGb &ipti)j gwj@§$G6oGtu rg)sk/prrit. uzpp ^©fiM'GJii 

Giy/5£OT/T. ^jJGwfiiUGGrgf (§1—6&)60U ■ lS)(/JV/5/S) LD JT 65) 60 UJ ft IU £ 



f§)$<F/ii@ Q&rrft&&LD 283 

Q&ijg><°n&uGun<so, ^jfijQ(§^G^rrrf /5©/H/@ii)L/i^ ^rrmuSlojLD 

(LpfpifiGgJLD (Lp(LguqULLl^fT<m &pUQS)®ST Q\UQSTQj ^OJIJ (Lf)ffirQu 

sl.^1^1 Q&uj&tfQ<ssrT6mL-.rT h. Gm^srsifT ^(^Qf)^ii5](oSl([^^ <$(§ ®u(§®$ 
&tr<sv£B§>l<sb &<5m<sy<s$r&ii iBftlGunppnmumiiT®) ulLl- uulL<ss)L^U4W 
£M^ifn&&wtp[n!LD G ld (svr ld ruasmu qS)iL(J)<£ &Lfltpi£i&rrLD§2iLD 
S)l_/5J5/ 6Jfii$3& §!(§LDumh Qld<s$\$§} {Bm®s)m Gum&{£§}& 
Q&rT6mL-<o$)gU-iLD r5mprr& ^rfilairrfr ^^fiSldr, c 3/a//T<35^r5«@ 
Gfilu&rrtj G^uo^ld apt5iuu§j f ld<s/t urruLDrrGsr &rr(flmQuym{ru 
<sT<sm<mfl<o$r{Tir. ^(syorKsnu ujprfil LDGsrgrroyLD <jy <sxj qj rr /p/ 
$6$)6$ruu§i Q&rrLq.uj urrg>&QLB®srfr)j 2-g)j§?lujrT& rglmGsrjB&rrfr. 

r£l<oG)mGijLD Q&n<fflm ^(su(f^<oS)L^aj uc>m§} &L.@\tu§j. ^ld&h 
<aS)<sifiu£$5)<sb £b$$£u£\<5b <syui7<smL-.LDiT€$T Gurriu {§ tp p ^ & &r 
&LD$guuLLLq-(nj&<mau!j}(sb > &ui§j G)u€w<a51(S^uj^^)g2/tb ^)uuif « 
3>j}U6$)mujnm (^ppLD &ldjb&lju(§)qj§j <^(§ Guifiiu 

GfillUUUrT&(T§} €T<oh^JLD, <5^dlQj toTUULfy. (Lppf]$Gg}LD L/^LlCpL_/r, 

^GUGunGp UDppgjiD l/^l!i_/tctt§/ ototG/d rgl&&u5l$$rrfT. <sstq.^ 
®5}<$i$iuLD r5rr£$BlLDrnT&GrrrrG<ooQtu &-pu&S$ 

Q&djiuuuLLL-Q$<zbrf!)jLD y am&LDLbrr<5k (ip$<sb^rrm <3fo.f$iuuu$~ 
tSyojfr&Gfr GLD®ff&rr<sin6i]<& G&rrmGp ^(§&&G<siJ(5m(g)LD ^rmgjj 
$G5)®sj{£g>rTfr. ^fojfr&Gh Qun<s$<srSl60 u^iues^euA^n <sg)l&il]ld, «£f /£«§5 

rg}<5S)<o$T<oG)QuGllJ 2-fpi§!UU($\$$UJgl. &LDgj <gj(l$€5)LDLjQ U<om<S$)€m 
^fTLD $l®$ &fTmrGurTLDfT, .<2l€U€S>Gir €TLJUL±& Q « /T OTjJ) © U 

urrfr&GGfTrT <5T<smp <oT<sm<5mibJ&>m £-$&& £_@<£6& ^oj^odl^uj 

2.L-LDLI ^uQurT(LgG& Q <S1/ L_£) 61? L_0 <Sli dkttjl glUL&&gl- S-L-Gm 

Gurr<5$6f6l<sb uraian <su$§j, ^frrr^^rrLSuSlm^il^L^^G&n^G^m 
Gu/tlL® <a$£<szn<aiS5<syr ^(j$<siimfjiLjLD m&gjQ&tijgj rBmprr& 
(sS}^fTfj<s5)ismmuj^ Q&{tl_&& G<sumr®GLDmg)j $as)Qx$$nn. g>m§i 
&Garr&( i rl&G$)m ^6uu>rrettuu®$§liuQn$uuiptfl <aJrj(T&&(TiB 
gtij&m l8§j G&iruii}Q&rT<srrmx ^®LD/riiS)@/£i>, ^mh «^/ojsii/Tp 



284 Gw.esr&rr 

Q&\uG$ ^rfQ<su<sm(S)Qi£)(sir^j £_rrii§>liurr& Qaj6msssfl(ssrfTif. 

sy-mTL-rruSliprr)]. Q&®srp ujb§j L£ir@iii&mrr& &(Q)<5S}&uS}<sb /5/7L_<$£i 
/5l_^@il/ sijrrr^nuS! rprFiij© & ld Q u <s$fl u5) <sb LD<mGLDrra<m 
LDnturr€miq.u iSlmanm Qtump q&ypQupp §£(75 pngg 
Q<sij<sty&&rrrjm $)(nj[5&& n &&!££>. ^6ii<sk <5jufT<siiTU)n<m @(5)ldu 
<5rv§$[f&m<srru <s&u£$ujiiiQ&n<smL-<m<MujLbuLsi. G&iugj 
<SHQjfr&<sv)(ofr& Q&®£§}<sSlLLL-rr &t 67OT/p/£JD, <^//5^« &LDQu®sfl 
&L8u&rr6v3i§$<sb Q&6br6$)6$T&(&} si//5^J5/ <5rmfr)jLD ^6urr 
$(<5Tj<0$)<5Fu5lQ<svGiu r5rr<5n<o8)L-.®Sl<sb G&ffloSluuiLuj-OTjiB^rTfr. 
<38prr&&m£i n>iTiL]®<si{LD Qd(p}LDfT<osrQjf(\ Qurr($\LD ®S1®$ujldit& $il§} 
&&G&rriu51<5b ^(t^^ijld 6&<3Firrr6V)6ma(&j GiifB&tBrraGijLD eiV^O^O 
r§)(SS)<pff(^mri-.rru§lpgi}. ^6$)aiufr<sb s_l_(3<s3t r5iri—&& 

Q<35/7LL_<o^<S5«©L/(SlJ/T£L/, 6)3 [T U <3" fT lE) [5 K U_j ® 6$) 611 IU IT 61] g] 
LDfT lun^l±ULSl6ff<55)<5fT<S6)UJUJ(TG)J§l c55<oOT(J) <95 i4_c9> <£££)<&; 

<5J(L^^UULLiSj-(f^LJU^j QufT IU Q IU <5VT U &} 17) (&) ^j 6U IT <SS (^ 6S) l_ IU 
&ITL-&)UJ(LpLD &)6$)L-&(ajLDULq- gUUITITU®lg§$ <s£)L-($)GU[5§I ^$6M 

•£5/7)© Gun(5$6rS)<sb uj§)<si/ Q&rij6uG^ u<soubfT6m QpGS)pQiuQSfQj 

f£}65)<o$T$^rT /T. #/7 LD K 6$) GLIUJ 6$) F <3 /5 /T «35 S) , ' " & !T LD fT 6V 6U ILlG !jt 

<s3yn&&rci£l $ uiq @ <si5) ot &ldQu6gt1 <oT[$&& Q&rrLLL-6is)&u5l(sb 
^} > ®§?lrp§}?" (ormprrfr &itldu@)6ijld. llit ujrr6mi$.u i3mmffl 
^)(5/5^ &ldQu®s?1 o5)<5^(iL/c5OT)^ ^$rifr&6ii6®rTuGur[<sou . 

^65)^ Q <su 6$ u% p arr LLL-rrLDGV LL6$)p$§j<>kQ&rr6m(j)\ 

"Q<F/5/<S5/T /5/6563) L_« G&H lLmL-US\6Q ^©ffijDJS/" GTGVTprTIT. 

"<?$,■ <gii£jG& GurfihoSltL® GuojjGojmjb, giht^ld" stot/d/t/t 

&rTLDuff)6ULD. <S>j6lJ(§6Z)L-.lLI ^f^^fJIBJ^ $ 6S) 6$T<S5) 611 £_OTr/J/7c5 

&65T&LDLDrr6fr ^6urr GLbGvr&rroSlGir &pLj 6£l6^uj^^l6b 
&f5$Q$&uu(§)&lprT fr 6T6brrr)j r£l6G)6$r@§j ^j<ss)^u QurrprrLD6V, 
"6T6Zrmu.rr £§)j5/? £§)/5£u Qurriu& &Q)\g>rr&\6S)Uj 
€T®ggj&Q&rr<5m($) rf>n i_&>®> Q&n iLl^os) &>&>($) u Gun&> 



@$<y/i/@ Q&rrfr<&&LD 285 

&Q60&l-(§$(8jld 6T(i£$u5)(nj<3i£)prr fr&mL-rr ! <gfiaiG& (oi&fp&rr&u 
Gurr&lrpgj? ^[RiG& Gundj, "qi<5sn—rT LDrriurT€miq-U iSI&frss)Grrf $ 
er<shrQu<5mmmr&mi£$§i&Q&iT6m($> Gu^§j^S\iLi-frtijfr?^ <siw/p/ 
G&C&ipp&n 9 <s>jQ$<sbm!T ih G-6Li<smL-.rTLDUurr! $ Gu&rrw®) 
Gurr(oS<or6}<sb <oT(Lp$£i ®dqj; (Lp<smsiDL-<mm £&rrubrr& 6ui£l&(j§ 

&rrLDU@)QJLD U6mfl6im& i "^lclah! 2L.<sm(s$)LD Qium®sr 

O&JOTUg/ ST(5OT«(5^ Q^[fllU!J^[J ? ^(TJ/^tf @)/£i Q«/TlLl_.<SS>««@ 

n>rrLD Guitoj^gv Gj&rr^&LD ^j^}J<^.wld ^)(5«®]D^/- $rrw 
Qurruj<sfi\L-Q\ ojrj 9(5 LD<omflGr5rr&$ir)(&> Gtb<sorr&fT§}~ ^uqpLD 
£_L-.Qm QurT<5$<sfSlGQ uS^iu 6$)G)jLjGLirrGiD! Gurr6$m) st/e/G<95 
GpL-uGurr&lfpgi]?" <oTqst^j uyfflujrrG$)$iurT&& <9«./d, &m&LDLDfrm, 

L5lpLJLSl$$rrrr. <oTuGurrg]LD &^&jpjumuu4Lb gifil$$m$uju)tt(i5l 
G#rrfrr5& $<o5)G0<5$)LD<smLi& amLi—rr$ eumru^iarru un&^mSlujnosj 
&rrtLiL]Gfi)<Kr GurruSl®) u ^)G^rr ^^* GtoruB" ctw/d Q&rr®)G®J 
<oTuGun§iLD $<5uprTLD<sb eu$$§i. ^} & jp Si <sm dj # (gjglenrr'uSIm 

&g!ZJ65)&&(6f$LD ®B<sb ®§<ob ^^Q<Stf OTflj/ &Q5)& Q<3F0J^m. '^OJppiTO) 
&-.L-LIPLD S)(75(565Qirr filfOTnjJ. GoJ&LDtTsGoj 6pL-.L-.UU®GU$IT& 

2L.<o5sr<ss)mu5l<sb (Lpdrosfl^jLo <^<m&(§<mpfc§jQ&rrGmGi-. cu $&$<&!$ 
SHULD<su!r$@!P@u Guij^ld Qurr®L-($i a=nij^^iuLD Q#tu& 

/5OT£Dcg5/J/T^(^(SWuGu/TSD U (T &&IT iB iU K &T MUJULI «£J?-QJ/7QT 



286 Gw<s$r&rr 

&rrLDrrm®JUJiT<s&l<3 : rTrrlaa i ^Gum rBiraLDmflg (S&rriLL-g G^gSIgo 
Q&mtp§i. <m§l UF$65)@iufr Guff)&<§Lb Q$(n}6uir$<sonr<sb, s^fii(§ 

<STuG>UrT§]LD ^jpGUfT&Goj u5l($f5$gj. oSt-iS^m c£<9S61/<95G?T 

G&ncmL-^mrrrd) &rr<sSl G&ujiuuulLl- smG&rjuGurrGO, ^^ 
S)lld lSI^^ld umrij&!jwrr&& &rrmruuiLL-.§]; <gjrfl<ugp/Lb ^//5^ 

$®sft®syLDu5}<5b f£i<5irg)j Gldit)(§lj qf7)&$<o£l($f5@ G&q$®51rb<§ <jg>uu 

setren/T, G&rnssKZV^fr, ^Giorfl<is G&&&$uj ^®$rrij&<sh (Lpg®S}iurr 
g£G5 (&®L£>LJ&®r>&& G&frr5$GU rmg><sS\m, [biuo^j lj&<sv ^/(5i//t«^5^(g 
^)fj<a2j<sbG0®jrr ? ^gmrrsb, <gjf5&& G^^gSIgo lu rr su (/5 ld 

Q&m-(pj &$<s&gu$ ^iLi^(mff; 9(5 g^iLu^go u^)Ssd ^)<sb®n$v. 
®otQot/t(5 (sSlLl^gv ^uGurrGg umrhJ&rjLDrr<& G&ml-L-rrGfi} 

GS\®&>§j& <Sfm.&<9 : <sbQ<9 : lU§J <oS\Lf\f5& } l<& Qc£fiTOT57"L_ ^(TJ LO<srf)^OT 

LbQjQiLiriflQiu Q&nr®£B£rT<oir. ^otOot^^ 6i5lLi£<r> <31®r>!j&> 

§[!&&&§>) <$S1 ((])[£& 9(75 SlLpsSl^^Lp^J? ^jfRlGcSi 6£(Lg$$(LgLEl<5bG<50! 

Gunipfrr GTsfcfr)] (§Lpr$&Gu§) ^^iLis^.<mrrm. ^ojGWTfgf ^Gufr&m 

q?<sott urr®uLL®&Q$!T<smrGL- G&gvgv, <g\uQun§i G^iugus" 

d$fjR&&rr lB- $rr\ii(j)\isS\Gst eSC-mi—s &rrLLiq-6vrrr<m. &rTLDrr®n€uiufr, 



&$f[\&m(&j Q&!riT&&LD 287 

^<^i_/5<s$£WYT. &iTMrr<o$)<sutu!f&&tt<sy^@LLi4.miTif. u§$<sb ^<sb<5V><so. 

G LD60 LD <$[£!§>) £§)l£<£<£/7/7. ^uGufT^JLD U§$<sb £§) d) Gfi «SD ; mm 

<opujrrw<sb 6£® r5rrLft)®n& ®j€5)(juSl<sb &$®Sl<sb &ld§j (Lp<$*$u(-<S8)UJ 
*L-uGiuiT&uu(§)@§$<ovrrriT. <s>jg<svr iS)p(&j <$({fj®j<m <£«s$<sff><si/<£ @\f$$<siT®j 
$pip§il <£!.£&$& a)c55oS)d? i$u^$§}&Q&n®kr(§\ ojLfilLDonp&g] f^dr^j 
l8&gi]ld $$rrmLDn& &rrLbu§)<siJLD (Lp^sSlGiufTGsifj <$rp ^)rpf£j&u 
uffn^>§i<sS\L~® ^(Lpuurr<5$T @/7<s$<si>, "/g /5/« <5i{£jQ&uSl(jf)$§i 

(SllpfEJSi? (oTGtiTtp (T OT. 

(^uj.uSla^ASlipfTfT?" otot/p/ (5«lLl_/t/t. 

«SFniibus- $<&&rrQj > fii<sSI'Q!ii5gl Gis^SlGpu ld. /5/rti/© 
Qg>fi\r5t5®jn; ^oj^jju urr fr&>§}<sfi\iL®u Guij&G®j6m($)LD - 

<oT<mjT)fTIJ. 

<21<SS)$&G&lLL- <JVi5^5 LD®$fl&m LDtryGlLDITLfii Q(UfTmQJf5J 
<9^p(TLb<sb &$Q5)<SU65 G$(!$LDU {Lpl^. £-C-LjlT)LD ^/T(5^il®«(o)c55fTOT"(S) 

Gurrdj ciS?tl.i_'rr<s5r; Q<su^}uSl(s61(§^ ^gu(i$&(&jld <&6u<ssr§i 
piL-gm^ <s£l iu u gs) u ^6mu,nAS)uj^j; ^sudr ®j(njQjrrG<ssrrr 
LDrnlL-rrGmrr, oSrjrr&rTLbl f5rriq& s\$&> <s8£-iq-<so {g)0&£lprrG<ssm 

U6V<SUfT^J ST<^6WLflll©«Qc5n'(OT© <J>/ <Sff) /J/5 HT L$ 65) <£ GfSfJLD 

Q®j<ofiiu5)<sb $mp<mfr. ^iuuLq. rglmpgj ^friDU&m^p^ ldI^gijld 
^GuiDnmmmu^ G$rr&r$uj§i; G&&Gld &^&\iu§}. <oT<obrm 
Qcjf£isii/T/r? ^j[/ Qu<5ssr<s8)<smu Qupp&<zsr u<s»Q®sr<sbr()r)] r£lm<zsr&gi 
rglm&j ai©^«Q«Vcwrii|.Q5^fir/T.' /5<s&<st> G<su<zs)<5mLm& ^<sudr 
§$(§ldu®ljld <95<£<s3><su<$ §$pF5&rrm. <3jQJ<sk <ST<sm<o$r Q&(TGb<SVU 
Gun£)prTG<zsriTQ®jdrgu ^poj^ih ^sudr ojrrGmu Q$n&&\mfr. 



288 (5dd<oW<&/t 

9&&rr®i£isi; Qu>rr*rij &(Lp®S1®£lm Gurr peurreo ^.mmp 
(Suneueorru? ^rdigu Q&rr<sb<s61<o31il®& &($ldu$ijld $rr<oi?rlil_®& 
Q&nr<sm(B) Gurriue&LL® g>® rBrrffi^^i&u l%@ gu[b$i apaneup 
gi)pr&gj y "ojfTfhis £L-m(snrD" stot/d/tot. ^poj(§LD a_tl/_/o/5^<sar/T. u<so 
prripisunpm&m, a^L-mi&vrr, ^^/d*^ (ip&><sS\iuGupG$)p& «i_/5g/ 
^ipmpiTfEJ «LL©«A@rfr §j<o$)Lpp$<o$rfr. ^mri^oSlL. QLD<sb<si)rrLD 
£)yS{5& $<ss)!ja$$LD, 9^-/5^ r5rrp&rr<s6)&(&LD, u<5b<sSl<ofilg£ u&au 
u®$rr&&<§$LD, ^®uQuni^r5$ &rriL£l&i§$LD, ^fifij^^^^LD, 

&uSlfpj&(§f!)LD, (8JU6&UILILD, Q & & 6S) $> ILj LD , L/ <S5)«S5 uS}.QS)<SO£ 

£Lbu<sor£j&fg$LD 9 £Il£)&&uuiLi- $«@#£)«(@5ii>, (&"I-&§1 n%/5<95 

@)Q&rjiK$)&(G$LD, ajmq-uGurT<m Q<Mp$<ss)<sv&(&LD ©l_/5^ot. 
^(om&^iD, Qu(sm<%(^LD ^<m(sv(y}®&-(&>&®® Q<zv(5b<5vrT ld 
^sorhjG&rrGOLnrruju u($\&gi& (^piL^L. <sfilil($t5 gnrij£l<miT. 
(Lp^g^cb l^&uuiIl- ^rrJprrrrLD urrgl &m<soiun ld^jld, 

&L-®UfT(SS)lUlJ Qu($a<sfillL($ILD, 2-®r>l-&GVGYT ^j Lp ^§] LD 

^fTgjjLDrrpnriu^ S)l_^^ot/t. <s7/i/@*i gjprBnrppLD (&>Lpi5§} 
GiiiBlpanpu qrjiLi±ujdj}. &rrLDU&\<suLD, ^m^LDwnm ^j(^qj(^ld 
&tf®sxfliurr®) zLp&m&iLjLD ®j n <ss) m llj ld ^Lq-aQ&rr<mr($) <sfilGS)rj<sim& 
^uljpld /5L_/5<5OT/T. "^«/77 j§)/5<5 <S>lLp®n&& a <sm ® & n m K 
®Dm&}&m <pLDrr$ Gldp[&\uu§}! £§)<9$ot Gurf^iLi^ir^ <s®mw&<sh 
^si/Qsi//7(75 fBfi^LD ^uSlfTLD g)/j<sOTL./T u5)/jzi ^urnij gSIijujld 

^LD^J O-USlfjn&lUJ &p(o$)UiqLD 9 ^LD6V)LD GV(Tl]p&65)&®r>UJU-ILD i &>L£§1 

GupGprr^rriLjLD, ^ppfT^fji^LD {g)*p/5J5/ §l<s5srL-rrlq-9 Q^(J3<s)Sl<sb 
r£)pugj? ^jojfr&onGrrLJ uurr^^ # sw<55 <stf) or^ ^ott^/t 
^®g$<MLDi3^&^($<MQ!)ULi& jiprrgj! G&(tijld! G«/r/rii." otvsottp/ 
rf>\®s)®n$§}&> Q&rr<omGL- ^pmpfrmi sl-uj-G) §j®nLpf5@6srfr- 
^V /e/ S) (5 /5.35 $®sfiiunm <opri®S)puS\<sb urriu @<sot® (Lp^^iusupij^dr 
i%/ oSrrn&rnjS) /5/7(1/® a_il« /t /775 £1(75/5 ^5/Tcrfr. @® ^pos)(oOiS\<sb 

<35/7Ul5)<5 £<Sm(5®S?(njLD <95(75<£<$ ^UU(LpLD <^<M&&UUlLlS}-(n)r5g>®ST. 



$fi\&lid(8)- Q&!T!T&&LD 289 

&rr<5i)GufTil® £-Ll&nfr-i&§i(n>$$ dSprr&mB tsnrtLj® 

&fT LDU§lGll£&S$)j&3> d5S53TL-SI/L_(£3T ^)(5<iS)LL(S)^ gG&gJ- <9>6B8T&6toffl 

[B LD U fTLD 60 6UrTlf}& & (TTj il iiJL <£ Q <95 TT (Sm ® <o7(Lg[53iJ «^/L-ffi/S) 

<su(jG<su€m®LD^ toTonfT}} ^svtGlijt® ojjjG&jptgj, f5rrp&rr<s£}&&rr& 
^fBj(g,LElfis(gfLD &>fT®s$nq.& @j§)c£<£/r<S37. 6£<shrfrtfLD 

^^uui—fro^LDUjnd), 67^)/?) £$(/5 /5*55 6^(5 &LDu<$filmiu <ot®£;>§i& 

&Q<5V&L-Q(j6vru&jj c?V^@/^@ {B$irprr&G<oU r£]<s$)6$rQ$l(njJB&&ii; 
<gj<5U6$)]®i)L-Uj z$i r&g p r£j & ld n Gff <s£}&6xirr &£<$&£<£ &<smL~ 
&rfLnuff)<siJ{b§$®$T <gy(fjj gu([$uli <s£(5 &$§} <£<sttfft/5<£j5;; ^/0/(510 

L/<Stf7OT<SS><9S dS/TLL/JJL, U /5/7OT fi_il«n" (fijSL/ <£/£)<§ G $ P t-Sl 60 (SG) <5V ; ^® 
& } T[S>&&§$6b 2_U)<Sff)LD $n£l&m <51(^ULS)<s£}LLQL-f7LD. £T/T<£@/7? 

Otususu/r/i «csw o5? Lfi^S^ (ju iJrr&Grr. u&&&$5)Ggj<srr<srr {5rriL(jjiu 
iSlmmmujiTfr G&rruSi®) Q^(§6^s(^ 9(5 ^frffliuiDa^ oj^G^ijld; $fr 
®j(£jG& ^(rijLJLj&rra& Q&m6S\uutL(§\ ^.ld^wu^ld 
uui7^§j<s31lLQ)u GurT&sorrGLDsirg)] ojrBGgrrw. GojGpfrm^LD 
®5}G&Gty l86V6$)60; Q&<sn&&liu$g>nG<sm? ermpnrrr* 

iUfi&rrm; GjGgrr ^($&&lQpdr. g) /5^ 6j6$)Lp6S)LU ldS}&§] &nm&®r 
®jGii€U(m<^ gjjrrLD g>iu<sif Gl&ii&gj ctot@)/^dl_(jl/ urT&&)iui5&rrdr - 
srmpijdr. ^®frrr<sb, ^/si/gj/^Liu ld&t§i- LDfT&,S>)rjLD ^(f^ojngu 

oS]@c95@Lb Qurr0iLQ) ^Grrzunfriu Gu^^l^uurrGunr Q®J<m&j 
<^(^Gii€^^ujfTQsr &$G£&ld sL.l£t$&§]. ^ontsujrfGb, si<sudr $m§j 

Q&nmmnLDGQ ^(Lguurr&3> 8*.$QsmGn; girdr Q&Gfrs£lujtjm& . 

GU(njLDrrmLb 6y(f^S}pQ^6iipj rgl®s)m&§j- emfl <aS?@««« <96>.-^-tti- 
&fr&&iTiT^$&rrrr!a<&LD ^(§uu$fT(sb y ^QJ<5br£mgi G&fyLD&on$$ 
(oiu.65ir.I-20 



2go GLD$$?&rr 

<STG5177)/r/T. 

&$&®jrj-dT &L-rrQ$<zin®(pu>rr&ft £<**?%> <a> $<ssrGmfT<$i$irGm 
gu0w. ^r£jG& pGfL-uuL-GL-m; ^riiGts Gufr^mm <surr?r} 
6T©«* GupGpeir. g)/5/<3« Quifliu^®J&G&® &ldugS}j5$$i; ctotot 

<2l§l$numi&nL-Ui- i u ^l/tl_/t/ €T<mm <sH<su&G&® <sup&§i? 
Q&rr<MG0&3^Lq.uj§j@rrG<o$r?" <5jmpnfr. 

dSjrrc- 6rri]&<ofrlu.£5£sld) LLniun<^i4.UL$m6G)<srT Qiu<sk^j 9(5 
9(5 aj/r/r<£@/D® (LpOT GrrMG&Giunr <&iq.uGurruj®Sl£-L-rrdr. 

&LDm@§i}d) Qurrib®S\il-i~fTm. Goj^j &if}iurrm fjrrggrr 
G6ii<S)$&&!T!J<5vr ^dievtTG&LJDUjrrsb, u<sm glk&^Ggv &>)<o$)l„iuit&jj; 
G&rrrhfry&tgjLD $<smL-.rrLl.L-Lnrruj q5)lLz_J5/ - <srmprrdr. 

<g=roLDtK- gfGiurr urr<siiLo! ^ojm €jm Glj/7£U<si5?lLl_/7'ot? 
&LDUGrrLD (&)®rifpQ®J<s$r(rij GurrajoUfliLL-iTGmrr? 

jBmijCB:- ^uuLq- Qiutr<5vr(i)jL£l<sb65)<sv. g 3/gugn/<gs<g><y &fT u u n® 

Gun&<sonCb; ^/7te/c£@7jii g<s&>(5vQuj($\uGuiTLD. g<s8)6D&&Lfil ilht<sv>(J 



Silffl&rii^ Q&rr(T<k&LD 291 

j5nrii|(B:- Ggu^j OT<g/£)«/T<95 ^(^Slprrmo GTGOGonLb ovlglif 

(sSl^uj^^frm. <3jGum &mu)rr<s3(njrB&fT6^LD i fsni—<ssLD 

$$j&rrGy,ft<sSI(ni[5$GLjn'g>] ujrrGfjrr <s^(§ Gurfliu w®$&(t§®s)L-.iu 

<gj<sinsrr.LL&fT ^>/£p(g &[5$i?Iuj(tld; ^gu^L-CdiSIgo g>iurruS\rx ^njurr 

cgVQJ(g5XJD <5jG$iT ^^^Uld Q&ib§}, ^m GlujpGrprrfr l/(5<si^ot 
(yzgGSIGiurrGtoptyLDrTipijSlG&iL®, ^oj^l^ld Qj^^C.L^frmrfw. 
<j>/<sy(g5zi), «^«su^/ld (orriiG&GujfT ^ju^flajLDmu spisj-uGuirtu 

6)5} lL L_ fT /T<95 crfr, O/J/S/c^OT £) /S/ c95 L/ y /T (ip^<5&lU ^ 65 <35 €3) £T 

Gg&rii&^&^u Gurriu ^ojrr^erf ^{tjoj^ld [Bm^s^s «ii)£)u6sfl 
6j/Du(J)<gJ§) ^L-uGunr&}rD£5rTt9>&. G&<sir®SluuLLGL-.<sxr* ^ojsbr 

Q(SUlLl^. Ljf&LD Lj{pUULLL-QS)^uGufT<SV ((£££. /g <£63">cS5 LJ UiT)rf)l& 
Qufr\§}LD <$<oUc9S<5 L0<S3>L_/5£OT/T. Gl£OT7<35/7 £ (€£ <5$) & U$ 6V <£U)J£/ 

q?lLi4-co6?(/5/5^ <sp®jQ<5iJ[T(§ r£)dS)€i$(LpLD &Gvr&WLDiT<sifr}<sir ^emsssfld) 
uiLQ)<iQ<ssfT(smGL^ ^(j^p^rrm ^@®S)m, ^j8$<sb &ldu[5$lj 

uSlq^uu^n<sb t <5£(i])&&iT<sb <gj <su G eir <£{gu <swt (qj O^dj^ld^LJUfrGofTfT 

Q<olJ<S m<o8)I LD &$Q^&(Lf)LD <SjGXJIT<3i(§flF,<58)L-.LLJ LDOT^SU ^}(<5T)§) <gj{G])§)3> 

Qu(njr£](gjLpLJULDrruj 9 (jj)(p$§2i& (^LpuuLDfrdj (Lpuj-rsg&jj. 
r©rrti|(B:- i3[ftfLbmsT®Qrr@>ltijrTLDi 

ombu:- 65>Qj<sfyGi58r<su §0ir$)turr? &o.LDrrrr$f£gDrr$\uiT? 
js.mt|®s- ^gj/OT)^ /57rc5r (3d5Ll<35QS<su6ff>6U. lunGfrrr ^(5 QurfJiu 



292 QLD€m^fT 

LDGsfl$(n)65>L-liJ Qu<5m$mi7LD. LO<S5/7 &IT<95®rVLD G&UJgJ $f£l&&T . 

mtibui- unojLDl iurT(iJj6$)L-UJ Qu<sot(S<sot/t Q£frrr}tu®S}<sb®sxoti. 

&ifl; pnorr ^(sj^nrgi/T G u n m sy i—®sr <g\rbg>u Gu<sm®s$m 
GuipGprrir <oT6vr<oisf)L-LD Gupgj lSuij^j Q&-rT<a)GSI&Q&rrGm@i 

Gurrosr ^Jl-ld Q^!fiiLi®S)d)6Z)<°oGiu! fBrfsm £§)@<si> (srmm 
Q&djtuuGurr&l(§(p<obr! &'$";" pir l£I<s5)& ujrrSlpgj; r&rrr£i&<sir Guitili 
gSIlL® Qj([fj£)GprrLD. /g /r 9(5 a_^si5) LDfT^^lrjuD G&ujiljld; 
LDrr iuiT^miq.uiS\mQS)m (oifii &($&&) p rim <oT6mu§j £_LO<$(g 
G^osFiGllgo Qgifliu®jrb^rrd), ^(sjo^cSg) otot Guiu^^^ ^(5 

c95L$_<S$LD (oT(Lp@ gS1qJ[J^65)^ Q<£/fl<Sl5)«d5 G (SliSOT (J) LD,* ^GS)^ £5/7 637 

^{B^u GusmG&sflm GupGpirrflL^LD Q&rr<sir6srrT<sv ^ojrr&m 
Gurau Qumr<ss)(sm ^mt£&§j<M([$<Mi7fT<3b<srr; ^uGungj <3jqj®s)ild 
®)i£]G& ^.fii^efflL-LD @)(5ldl5) Qj[5gjGSl($)<suiT<sbr ermpnrr, 

GgBrrtsfoifilm&ti; "<n^LDrr<m&<ofilm ^lugij ldh pniL<sb <5j®$)ipGi&<sb 
GTuGurrgiLD ^3)Q5<35<£ G<su<oStst(^)lc) ' stot/7}/ um(Lp<zs)p G<susmi^k 

Q<S5/7OTSr/_fTOT. £_L_G>OT QD 6U ({Jj LD Q SU ®ffl u5l SV 6U [5 $ <5$T IT . 

$<5$sT®s)<omu$l(sb s_lL<55/t/t/5^)(5/5^ uir&&fTL8tuii6m &rriuuLi <stq£$§i 
Gufnu Qj65$ri4.uSl<5$r Gldgv ^ld @lLDLLir&Gsr^§$6b ^\i^.Q\jm^} 
S-iL&rTfr$&>rrm. ffitahpuL^Giu §fjr£i&) <=g^ oSI(Lpj^gj Garrmr 
Lq-(i7)[5£5 (&j$5}<s$)rr (ST^irunrrfT^ <^Y/5<£ <gi<53)&ULJfT<5V LDij&>§>)®s)<mu5l 

®®($r53jj ®n[B[53}] <o3i(LDLD ULpL&GufTGO G U U <£ G &> 637 g}J SGlD 

®S)(ig[5§j®Slil-L—§j. &rruju<si]Lo (^^QS)rfu5]m(Lp§jQ<skGijDGb (gjuup 
<s£)(LD[B^rrm. ^mrrGv, «^/<siygp/<s3)£_u_/ uSm<9=u5l<sb LD®fcr u(^i(LpGk 

OT(^/5#^(S)5)lLl_/7OT GTmpfTGgJLD, c% OT gf)/ gg) L__ £L/ (^S^mp ^UULS^3 : 
G&lh§J §>®n®S)®ST ^GULOITGSrUU®^^llU^! <£j6lI<oVrFT<sb &&)&&& &bLl—IT{5 

cSfr/fltL/LD/TcS ^)©/5^^/. ^S^&rri&g G&mjg§?i®srrT6b ^(Si/gys^L-iL/ 
&>rriq- LOiSh^suQ(suiT<ssrQjiD_(^suQeu'(T(r^ fflLisj-<s$)uju Guftoj /gswr® 

[$6® r pgjj; U ($)£§>) (1$ [5£ @@<Sff)£7(/5)OT (Lp&$f5<5m6G)L-- ^61/OT 61J$§} 



jglrfte/s/gj Q&nrit&&Lb 293 

gg)<ScSg^?gp/£JD L$uL&^&Q&rr aS8TL-.fr -Gir; ^/oisir 6p(nj&&rr<sb ^&>m 

&!7§$<sb (qjG^^JLD ££j &&&} ILI LDTTGSI . LDpS^IJLD Q & 17- <5V G$l <3]<mg 

67(Lg>uuu GurT&jprrGosriT GtsiKsmgjj iSlprr &r5Gg£)&&£ g5&&&rr& 
^F<sm($\ &rT§]&<sis)6rrtLiLD ^)g)j&u L$L^g^&Qarr€m(£i, urrmpuSld) 

LDlL®S)L-.65)UJ £_<o3)L_<£<£ £g)fir77§<53>/7 GlAfT^J^<sbGufTGb @/5/S) <gl&®ST 

<oT<sfafr)] &$$&Q&rt6mQL-(Lpi5$§i. ^i§>m s^l^idi3g6 oSluif^iAirm 
<^^^Qjuq<smL-fTu5]n)^j. GiAfT^mL/LD, ^^©«(syjld, up&^iA, 

tydrngjG&frrB&jj ^isnofflu uLpiAmu /5* /i/ S) sl.(j^qjiapqj g^Gij 
Q-Lbrr&><ss)t5Ujrr<ss$ ^/jsw® g>n\h$&> Guif&&LD ULpLDGufTGorri&Gzr; 

@@<£D£r cJ/TcSSl/zi LDfTLLL-rTLLd), &&}&& 61/ LD LDfT lLl^IT LL(5V $<sS\$§! 
LDfJGm Q>®J@65)<o$TUULLL-_§J. &IT68T Sli<SW^_(£jf?Sl) <5J fT}J LD G U FT &tf 

&Hjr£jQuj Qu(tfjld LS\®?)Lp&&>r[& (&)§$®s)rj6V)Uj^ &>rr®sr g>&&UL%. 
^(omuj-^^j <sS\iLL-&rY& j^^^gji/^ - ^®n§i tonfr^^u 
Qu(§<siS)UbGujrTQ) u n fr§§} &Q&rr GmL- &ttujuli Qp6ii(55)piL]LD 
(p/5/r«S), "<%tt)}m&> GYvrrdS)! Guir&Gvrrw" otot/t}/ wfilmn®nt&iurT3> 
tgjG5)Lp$grr<sZr. &n ldftg&giiujoijia, GuitJ^jld ^<55)<ofTuu€S)L^^^j 

«95ti)£ff)LD (LpJpifi.GgJLD LO /7) /£ j§) © /5 <5 IA H) {$ (Tlj <SU (H) LD <S1/ <5m Uf. tlSl <SV 
<5J$\&> Q& /T OTTL_ fiST/t. 

<Mrru5)<sb&m$p&&uuilLq-(§jp$m. otj£)/t<£<§5 q8l-($i$ @<5wr<s?n<s55ru5!<5y 
r5ir®r>60ip&tf G&rriAGurfy&Grr £-iL&rr rrjp&j] &\&QrjiLQ\u 
LSiL^&§j&Q&rr<oSsr($)LD ^/7?^ji/«0«tf 6W@zi> £§)© /5<^ot/t. <sy®jfr&m 

fBfTGVGUO^lA ^(HjLI&iJ (Lpgd) (LpLJU&jJ QJIU§J ®J®S)puSlGQ ^f <S$) l—${£ 
QiU6fTGUG1ttU L](l7)€fylt&GiT. ^ 61/ fT<9S (STI ^ /£ <^ <£ Q & Q]j ®51 6pl &T W 

LJ/j^€w^(u/r^si0aj/T(75<5W(/5«@Lb <s£6liQgijit([ij rsrnotyLD LKnjGfy<ss)[T& 
Gguj-GiiJBgi i5<s3)ipuL/«(5 <sx/l/>) Q&LuiyiA Gu^u&rr ifl&m* 
^j6iiif&(§nj<oG)L-iLi <sq <$v m) s> n fj rk &G m n , ^y «si/ /t« dr -lBAs 
&<sm<s$$fiiuiAiT®ST Gluifiuj iA6$fl&>fr&m <oT<oku<o$)g>& <*lL/jj_ot. ^ssrrr®), 



294 G>LD<m&rr 

yiD/rG^oS? £g)j5/ «/r/p/zi Qup^\rjfrm. &rrLDU&)Qju>>&m&LbLLrTm 9 
&n la rr (5$)<oiJ tu fr ^Sliu qp<oU(§ld ®8{jrT&rrdS\ /5 rr 114 g) <siS? <ssr 

iDGm§>l<sS\(!])UuQt5 ^Guprsinf GiirruSlgyLD Q&=iu<s£)^jld G^nm^io 

2L_<sQ&$$Ggjffl<srr (oT(sbQ<sv!T(f^LD c%iL_i4-<£ Q&rr®&(&jLD §>p&ijniu& > 
G^nmn^<mfr. ^Gufr&oa &rr ldu@)qjld (Lp£<sSIGiufT<ss)ir& 
a<smQ<mr(£)@&jjLD urrfjfruoG<sv &Qj6in[juufTitggj £-/J<£<95 gj/joSla) 
Gu&&Q$rTL~fijG$mrr ir&6fr. ^mn<sb, ^(oufr&ffl&jj <^guQqjit(^ 
Q&n<sb(Q)iLD &<s^nr &<s&ffQ [rsZrtg] ^jLD^Lp(Surr Q&®Slu5!<5g]LD ulLl-§j. 

<oT<SmprT6£]LD, gLD65)LD 6jm ^LJUUf-LJ ULflg&jjU Gu&hS)pn rr&<sh 

(oiosr^j &rrLDU&\6iiLD G&iLu&p^ si/ l£I u5) gvt rfil , <syr5$& 
G^fTLoGug^^m ^Ln&t&jm Qu&\<k Q&rT<shG6ijrr<s$)[jLj Gurr<sv& 
&nrwrr^$iuL£srrau Gu&lGmrrfr&m. 

^(njOdosTi u <sjGl- urTUurTGvr! (oKmpuGir. ^gj<o#rQ<smn (nj<su®n y 
"^/Gl (^LDuG&fTsmgtgju unuurfGSjj GimpiKsm. 

LDfT iUIKSmiS^U L3ffl<SS)<ofT®S)luii G <95 L- P K G65T L- fT / <Ji/ <£ <35 /7 G> «SIT 

^,<smL—6ij®nrr&G&; s\$s> ^(smL-Gu @/«@ OT^GGUfr^Lb 
(5lL/4_/5/«ot)ot- ^)l!l_/t/5^/ $i£\g>§$iuub (rSlGojgtosrLo) u<sm<sm 
ojirprrrij&L-iT! 6T<svrtprr<obr. rBrrsh&rroj&j] Lb®s?]t5<sm, "^&&rrQm! 
£g)j5<5 unruurrrr [BiruSlfii^ Q&LLL—LDn-$£irri <ty(§S>&®s)irEj 
Q&L-<sbG<sot—rT! ^AanGm <s>j gl/ i£j & Gip^ G>6i/<s5)<su<35@(Bld 

G U V GU L-® G L£>; (oTGbGGVITGlDfJlLjLD Od5(o6)^c^UL/il/r)/T/&/cg5L^/7/ 

<s<srr@5c95 (g,u}.&&LL($)LD; ^6m$ fBirthu Old/t/sgs)^, QiDn$65)&>iurr&& 
(8JUJ-&&IT t s>j<sijr£j& Qlditl^!t QuDrrL-iTGim (y^(LpmjS}uLjL-pfTfij<3S, 
U6ir<ofi}& <&sxL-£S$Ggv u LSJ.&&IT , ^Gijr£j&grr<o$rQLnrr£(sb<ooGgifprTrB]&. 
a&G&rri GguGgo G&tGTj&rr (sp^^^dr r5rr6£iGu(ntj Qgu<s$)<o0®5)iu& 



§$$&ri](&} Q&rrrr&&LD 295 

Q&tufprr<o&r. ^/<si//s/ds Glutfliu rm<k&&u uuj<spirij&urt; Gurrm 
GiKTfy&ih Q&cqmr(n) ufii&6rm<sijG<so <^(§ <sS\(§^§} tsu^^i^ttidI 
^^j(S<oO <sp(§ u rr u u rr 6$)] ld np$mi ®L£l<sn&niLD s^G/r GldG&Ggv 
<^&&rrjB$iTmi6y<ofriTLD. d$6sr (^^G® Q$uji6\G<so Quir{f}&&^i@nj&(&j 
g£(5 ^il® Qj&&rn£j&mrr <g>i&&nrGffl! sq$&>u Ufruufrmr rsnrGgj 
d5L_(S^)L_a/Lb QufT lL<so(]T) m&u5}G<sv u51(rj}f5&^} l/i$./*l/©<95 
QsfT JL_ifc£@gr)/ ®rrG<s$r &i<m®s)\u.un <s$rrr ld. ^uuitGso @)<ohmw 
£TlL(J)<5 ^lL(J)« Q&rrsmu(T[T& Q&rT<sb6S}g &jj m w rr m rr ld ; 
^lS,&rrQm! ^Guiii® ^ihL$Qffl[ii&tgn>LD ^iuuiq.^^rrm 
QufTLDi3Qm[ij^^QLD <g>iuuis}-j5g>nm. Qurr L0L$6rrQmr£i&, 

[B!TU.QJLD UrTtT<&& GU^fT [SR UGu£&{T£6S)65TLJ L$LSt.&&&§}}fprTFBJ& - 

<5T®snprf6${. 

^l&&rrG6fr! Q<si/il«Lb, Lorrarii, @@, Q&rrfj®sxsm, 
g> <sm m)i LB<sbwnr ld ulLulju&<svG<sv 9 <5p(rtj G&GrrGfilmiULLjLD 
^LL@c£S)gpj rsiTL-GiJ&&rr g-dr s^lI©^^ <su$&}jLLurr<m; 

i_J/7<£<55/7)^/<£(§ LD<£ /T Co) U/fiil/ LD GBfieF&D OTU (0L//T6U ^ ® <&<£/£ /T 6WL_J7/ 

(spG^ufr <sLia&rrGffl!- ortsiriprrm. 

^j(sirQ(5UfT(f^Gi}<5m, " c ^&&rTGm! (§®urr &n&$Gu mjGbojrr" 
$ms&<SG)ffl§b§&n m ^<si]fr&<sh ^asojngjj gjrfpnpj^iprrff&ffl 

<5T<55TU(S$)& &rfLDUff)QJLL <Si$$§)} S\$&>U U&&LD S>l(T!jLDL$ £-.fp§J 

Gr5rr&§3<s$rrnT; ^juGurr^i ^ojir^m fpmssyjpufLD ^j^liun^ uprtD 
&H§)\ &&6$) <5Y7 U GuiT60& &fT GmLJUUUGSriT. <s>l gij fr&$fil <sb <^(§<SU<ok 
<oT(igi5§J lBsGIJLD LDlfltUFT68)£BUJIT&Gl]LD ^mUU &Glj LD $<5kr<S$)LDUJLD 

Hm®H<s$)&iLiLn <s£)<sv<oblgg (ip^^G^/r(5)/i, " <5T<s$r<m [BfTUjssrrT 
urr&&f$rij&? ujn®$)${& Ggui7$rhJ&; Q&rr<s$r(o8riT&& r5rrf£j& 
&fru.uQiprTLD fBrriumrr!" <orm^j £-U&rTrrLDrr&& (5<£lL(J) s*$G&> 
&tT<so&>&$(sb 65<sW?/5^ @/j(Si5?(oU <^si]Q<suiJ(f^ Q&n 60 <spi &(djLD L5)<s#r<c$m<sb, 
" x gl&&fTGm < gi&&rrGm" <ST<sir^j $uiSL.mrrm. &itldu&}®jld 
ULLL-<sm^&tf& G&rr LDGurfy&GtrlGvr (& > €m&><ss)is rB<smpirdj 
^r$!i53>6ijrrnr&i<oblm Gu&rrLDGV <su<sisrL^.vS<sb 6jf$& G&rrGmL-fTjf. 



296 GiDm&ir 

<55<ss>l-^)iz5)/£) Gurnu rglttrpgi.' ®j<smui-<o&uj CT<suo5?L_^^)/f>(g 
<spC.($)<sijQ^dr(r)j GU<smL%.&&(T fjm (3«il<55 y &itldit6$)gijuj(ijjw 
&€5r&LDLnnr<§fi)Lb g\$&®S)m Q&ijiu<svnr uSlonrfr. ^^p(§m 
&fTLi)rr<s$)®Jzurr i "^uGurrgj LD<smfl ^m$l(!j)&&<svfTLD* /g/rih Q$rjtr& 
<S7 OTg?/ gg)i-,IIJ <S$£_L !£./£) ©L/ GurrGGiifTLD. ^ulj^ld wppos)^ 
(oI&ujGsu.itijd. r§f5J&(sirG®j(r}j ujrr'it.eSiLu^^iCD ^jjpfBJ^GeueSsri^rrLo\ 
(oTmro n /r. (3<si//p/ ^L~.L£l<sb6i)iT®r>LLUjrr<sb ^Gufr&m c2/<5/Dgj 
®J€wriiS}(stsTfriT^(siT, Q^irm$i£i'&Qu(njLDrrm Q^q^<sS\p(^ 
®j6mtq-<omM ^iL^lduisj. &rr LDrronGuiufr Qj€mi^<i^rfp'^sflL_LD 
Q&rr<sb<5V, ^jQj<oir ^uul^Giu ®j<sm isismu [5L-0$£l<zvrrr<s&r. 

&rTLbU@)QJ(LpLb &m&LDLMT(<ofIjLD GldGgo- Q&UJUj(3QJ<Sm($}®J 

Q&mm Q<oU<s&rumgu upn^l <oJ<mr<omrLBL^<sv{TuS}GmiJ. GiSijn&rftB 
F^rnLf($ieS\(5kr rBni—&& <3^LDQu<5isfluS}<m <sS\<sup(hJ&m 9 LDnriLm<smuf_u 
iSldrcsismiSIm ^nfrliuth (Lp^<sSlujGup<o^p r§)&&ujtDrr& 
^^\^§}Q^n6mQ\ G u rr <o8 <5y6I <sb u§$iu <stf><su«<9> rE\®sxs$i§$ 

<gfGWT&<§fl)<S5)L-tLI ££<S37<35 (8jLpUU(LpLD LD<9S)(SVUJfT tUU Q U(Ff)§>)UJ§}. 

iBfriUfr<mii^.ui3m€^)mGiS)Uj^ G^isf-& Q&6VGLi^rr ? ^LJULq-iurrmrr<sb 
6iiZi(g) G^LqS : Q<9 : <sb®Lj§j? O^/s/^gj/igL/ Guuoj^n , 
Q&6kmmu5)G®)Gtu Q&>($\€ti&rr <ormfru spGvripmGLDGb <<>p<obrprr& 
6T<^<s®$<k<o$)&iufr)(7o r£) ®s) m <si/ <95@5 ld> &$G&&{hj&(§rtjiD L£<o$rS>i<sb 

<spujrrii)<sb <gj <sv llu u lLjl.^ot? "it $b <sy<siJiT&m§j G^&th 
&iL®a<5biufij&FrLD<5V g<srrirr5§j Guitiuis^l-L^^j. LDuSir&GlmwGorrLD 
QfB(f^uurriuLj up$\ Gr(flnj£5§j. (*p<95<si) $n <sfily<sii .giuSloorr <sg)lluj(t ob 

LDiufEjS) oj<smu{.& &^mru^<A) &rrtijf3$<miT. qp&ld siSlds/r/r^ G^nppLD 

<^<mtr)6$TiS\<skr <5p6$rfprr& f£l<o5)6Gr£&)j r£l®s)Qsr&>&i] tgyGufr&m LD<ssrg/ 

GTGUGiSlgfr (Lpig.oS)/f)(gLb <S1//7«<£*.L„/TLD<&) «SS-tpOTtf*/ 0<95 fT €mG L-. 



fglffl&FSlfgj Q&(TIT<!B&LD 297 

qjgo]®j[t&<& Q<ss/r<SOT@; <gj&>6$rrr<sv 67^a$<s3>«iu LD&sflgonfjiijw, 

<sii©2/ ^pySlob ^jpfiiSliu LDtsror (^S^/jiiSg&j .qj6£]gs)<suuGlj[tgo& 
GtBrr-mpGou., ^®Jif&q>fF)<o$)L-.iu a Qu(§^ldiljld, ^u^^I^jld 
6p®ri]&rr0 ub($mrr$£li—(LpLD G&rritQjG8)L.uj ^fjLDtSI^<ssr. GldGgv 

<ST/5/@ £)#<»& €!/£/? <ST(o3)<5c# Q&UJQJ§]? lS) 6G) Lfi U U n 'G <Pff (T 

&rr<MrrGmrrQ®j<shr6$)jLD g)UJF5G£brT<shrp& Sil^A^ld ld^lb^u 
i3<sfr<S5)<sfr<omuu upi]$\3> &<M<5&GoQ&rr<smfy^Qj<sn<mij L$<o®LputSI&& 
QjLflG^(^<su^ir ? ^tskif}}, &n€mrr wpGurrm Qu<sm<o$)(sm$ 
G&®®u@rr? ^j!J(smr® rBttiL&^&(§m ^^gn^fr Gurrtu& gLDgi 
2L$$Gujrr&$Qn$ 6puLi&Q&rr($i$§i65liL@i <^fii(§ [Bi~A(§LD 
$$&rr fj<o$)6®sr<sz)iu& &<su®sfluu&>r{ (stost^j (oT€msmn& > on Q kusogok w 
<5i6mm$ qn£j3i)3> $<sSl$$Qsrn. <g]Qjrr&<sh ^j({^qj(§ld <syrnuGu&nr 
Q LD<sn®sfl&mrT dj& &rr<smuuu}-G§)}LD ^jojff^m^j ldgst(lpld G^(Lpw 
<sriflLO<ss)<sduSlm o-tL^pLoGuirGO, <sT<sb<svrTLD ^(^S)uj Q/5@l/l/« 
@i£LDurru5}(§ip&®nLjDUJrr(sb, &>nGw <oTiflf5g] u<sroriS&rji&rrujLJ 
G u rr iuq51 L-.^g5&& r£l€5)60u51(sb ^)®/5^<sar/T. 

LDL-tij(g) <sy§>l&$0& Goj&mmmuj <j>/<ss)L_/5js/ &rt(§r5 

&GipGSlq£ip§} u®&§j®S)L-L-.<s8)L0ujrr<a), ^,/s/65/r/5/(5 tsusmis}- <3l<zv>[J 
r$rTLfi<55)& i <s£(§ rsrrLf)<o3)& r^lmgu GurruSIp/p]. ^^sar/ia) 
*L.m<sB(n ) $G$rt(rf)Lb ^(jojfT GiDQ(sonq^GUfr ®Si(Lpj$gj Lipmr®, 
Qu3rr&§}®kri-§jLD> <sii(5miq.uSl<sm r$f£j^&rii&(§r7jLD, &n ldu&\$uib 
&><m&LbiLn6fT ^(^ojrrlm G iurr&m<ma (&$&(&) (Lpp^ju 
L/6ra5k<sy77r<95<si/iJD s o5)iiJUL/«(5/r$]c5(oyTfT«(Si/ib eSlasmA (& } $&mrr&®jLD 

^y^iuofiisbonGoGuj Giumg^w, Glag^ld <5rmQ<m<m<sm gi&frufiisdr 
&lbugS]&(§Gldi7 Qoj<obrfr)]LD ^mir&m§i Qr5<gj*u> &GVtii&}mgj. 
^@£<o$)&tu rglaneoanLDtfil'®) Gumru^ :' uaran®) g>/5<$63>/T LDcraft«<<§# 
erru>TT<s8)-Gjtufil<sir efftllm-i^ : '^istoL-$$&;;'&to<®w ^pm$$ 
g-iLLjpLD Q&mpmfr. &nwu&\Guu) $wL-$$<sm€®mri8l<&- 's^.m 



298 (pidoic©/! 

er<sar/p/ £L.LL&irirp$rriT; ;6urTuSljp&$<ss><su ^onijuun&Ln Qpiq_<oSliL® 
<3]&m mmp<sS\<sb &m<5>LDiDrr<m SGip &-iL&rriT!p^Q&rr<mru.rim. 

Qg&g$<sbr^lfii&i£ix&r iuiT€LiLD i¥LU(§<sm®&<mffluGuiT<oOu Qu(§(^ 
&mw&mn& stQ£$^6®- S-iL&rriTipg LDrr^fj^GwGiu <gj<ourr&<srr 
iSlfjLDLnrrrB^ Gurr&^n$u<&uu<siJ6ftrjuGurr<so ep$$mfr. ^cw/rci), 
^ojfr&m&a LD®ffQi£>rrmQ(t) Gldit)Q&ujuj Gojmr^oj^^uup^l^ 
g!iq-§}iq-&&§}- £-<5nG<*fr spuj-iu &nL£>rT®$)<su\ufr g>$§} $L£l<sq 
G /5fj^@/p@(ofr &rrudiltLiLD ^uljlditsiild ^luaifl^^LDUL^ $ld§i 
ld^o^gSIiBl^ld 8*.$isSIiL® «jy/s/S)®/^ tfanwiap urr^ufii^errA' 

/5<off)L_<f5@ ®1$§}, "uULLtSj-lULDLDfT / <57(L£>(5gJ 6U IT ($ fit & W ; 

^uiLjfijsiniGOLDfTiljoSliLL^^j. urr$§$rrrij<ov>m &,mnrjn& 

Q&rij^Q&rr<sh(^ri]&(sh. rrrra>fi$i?i (Lp^sb uLLLq.<5vfltu<5V6V<siirT? 
®L]rr(§ri]&m &!tulSI ^iurrpnrSlp§j; &<mmiu<sorT6ii^p(g><5h <gj6m<5mrr 
Q&n(Q}&LD <3SfTUL3 &n u di l_ lL © /i" <nm(^ .<3^i7$g£Il-(§\ 2L.mG<srr 
<§>iq-mnfr. <=£>/<£ /p @<sir ^Gufr&^mi—UJ G^&ld ^Gn&a&GiiLn 

GlSGVGVGViLDUJipglJ <$>dj$§} Guff<m§}. ^<Sl//T65(Sy5<o5)L_(L/ 2_(l5!/T <S775<$ 

^<sv&^$<5$([ijf5gGgrr Qoj<ziru&iJ <£j<su(T&(§f7)<&G'& ®51®rrrij& ®Sld)®r>(Sv. 
LnmGLbiT G ld <ssr<95 nr ojurr^^rr lE <s(67><&r>cF &Q<$o&u.fr ^Sliu 
gy<su/fi/— <5®ffl/Q) Q&<5mirxj Q<3FQrrjQj ldupSI LDrTrfilu i3rjg>L-&<smLD 
Q&uj&tfQ& /r <5mLq.(n)f5@&ij. &rr ldu&ojld, "^ldldit! 

6im<son <supr§\p(§LD $ Q<En r (£5<j/i ^amruLD ^uj/t/t O^tu. GldGgu 
U(5D ^)L_fE/«(g5<S(gLJ Gumu urrir<&&G<oii<omLq-U$)(n)&Qp§]. 
g_drmn6gjLD ^jstsfl Gldgv u&) g>rr rhJ&opui-Ujrr&j (oimpn /r. 
'^LEUDrrffl ^(jfyGiH^uGun®, <,( '<oTm&(&> ^j ? &nrrj(LpLD GGu<5mi—rfLD; 
^ot^j/ld G ®j <sm L-. rr ld . sw/s/ksotld G&iugrrGV, cSs^gytl/l/ 
^/t/5^/Gun-@ii), ^/to?r>^ LDfTg>§$\riLD!£fT®tf Oi&tijiuuGun&lGpm; /£ 
&rr ULS}onuj& &rr l/l5)@" Grmjrjj Q&rrsb<oSl q5)lL® 6T(Lg$§i 

&nrLDrT<sm6i]UJif £^g9/7<si5?<si> ^fTULSliLjLD §£(/5 ^lLu^gi) s-L/l/ld/tsi/dd 



jj) /$<?/%/ @ G&rrir&i&ii) 299 

fffGoj^ofTfii Q&rr<omL~qfy(<srT)LDUi4. &nrLDU§)<sy^<oS)&i G^sran^jsBTvr/r. 

tStfOJlf ^1B<®(5 U Q<ol36mL-fT LD G<Sll<mrL-fTLD 67637772/ LDfry&<&> 

&{TL£>rr&n®JUjrr, "^jd)<s$)GO, ^<sb<o$xso; Q&rT(Qj<3=LD ^d5il(5)Lb, 
^«lL®" Qw<skgu ®J/pq{r}j^^}(o$rrr/f; &{TLDut5F}®jLb, "stsot<s@ 

urr ir^§j<&Q&rr <swG<m it ld" GTmfpj <3^.^Iq51lL($) ^rruiSlGmu iDn^^lprCo 

^(njfB&jJLD (OTOTGOTg^LOT <5T(Lp{5&jd ^<S5TOflf/T (^Lprr ujmsr<ss)L.uS)Gb 

Q&ujiu& (o)d5/TL_/s/S)<^rr/r/r. uir^ojtfi §f[tjLD SGifi r5L-rs§!, grrGm 
(§§$mij6$)UJiLiLD ^(Lg<s§jmQ&tTmr(i)i ®jrs& u&&rr lSIiuitgZt 

(5<si/«<^r>6i/cicKL/ULl/_- Q&rrm r£l€G)fD[5& sinusmu <sn&dr mrruSlp 
«lLu^oAlL®, <su<smLq.i£lm QuL.L4.A(^m ^(5/5^ ^(75 

Q[irfLLl^.(oS)iU <ST(])lg5§J& SUj-gg] £§)({£ &gi/> ^&>)<°3(g}[5£JLl Q&fT(Qj&(LpLD 

L$dj&&L£>rTLLi-.rrLB<sb <oS)&&(& > ib $urriu&(&jLD Qu(§&^ &&UtfQ} 

^uGungj &<5&wuj6omp&(§<sfr<^(i]j{Bg &rru)n<0$)<oiiiL!(§<s$)L-.uj 
LD<s$)®tf(oSl ij$mniL&iuil)LDrTGfr<5jG$r[ ^(§ ^Gu&ijLDfTGtfr offiof lu&ontB 
r£l€to<sifr$gi&Q&rTGm.L—GLJ6rrfrtij <gf<ss)$S> &®n§} &<sm€M?rlL„LD 
Q^/fl<5iS?<s5« rg}<s$xssr£5&j]& Q$rr<om(T!) *il_^/d@ oj^/tot. 
cF/t ldft <o$)®jmiT &>(r LpGurr ff^S^GV r§]<mfr)]Q&n A® G<oHX)] U&<£J£&!}<sb 
8>ld§]'. &&j6sr$6S>&& 'Q&§H$$u$l.(!$r5t5rrfr. ^[tlduSi^jld (Lpg<*S)iu 

g^utSlL- Q<suiLQ''tu<sumn uj @ @ O.siyrir^i/ (SP<g><©£2/ 

&£5§J®J®S)guGuiT<SV SL.^L-L-fT<sb (c$®F>& Gl&lUUJ, t g>l<SG)£5!LI<SttSriTfp$ 

goiuff <s>j ®J 6$ t— ld Q&<mprrfr. lSI&gijld &{rrB@ubrT& ^jsum 
^sij(f^QDL-.uj Q&®S!u5}Gb, "&rr®n<su £-LD<sW?<$(gj 6^(5 <£/£<£) oj^^nCo. 
^mgu Qu(§^G^s&iULDLorr<5h Q&n®$d^®SliL($uGurrmrrm; 
^mg> 6U(Tf£jQu L/'GinrTuSlGb <^6v^$(§&&}GipdT ermrpj s^aSi^SltL® 
Gfilm<&Q&<omQ<5miu <suLflf5& ^(5 iD_n'L_g><s8)&& &niLiq.mnm. 
&nLbn'66)<3Luun <sS}<s$)rji5§i Gl&mfpj la itl- £!£}<& <&<smQ<smii%<sb 



3§o GiDGm&rr 

^q§i <sii/5@(5««(5D/r(o)LDOT^/ $(lis>git<5$ &rrL&rr<o$)QJimT i ^<o*)<5 
er®$$i&Qs»tT<SG8r($i (^Lpmu^srmL-iiSlsb ^ljl, "<s>!<sm,<5mn! 
s-/£/«(g5i@^ $(&&rrQ],ri)<sSI(nji&gi g>® £/5£> £§)<%!/ &rr<s?n<5vuS)<sb 

^y)l£|.«Qc95/TOT7£4-(75/5^ gf5§$miLi& 8>fTL-.L-., <£/63><5 <ST§$ ITU IT (JK^ 

&/tldu@)qjld g)(5)«©u(5>» "ujrf(n)&(§? <oTm&&rr? sr/iS)®^ 

Qj(B£§j <ndruG$)&> (lp^gSIgo unn$t£nft~ u S)l1l_ot <5idrQ} 

<oT<sm<smrrg> Q^w<soffLD GT6m.<s&sfluj§i. c2/f5<9S @® r£lu)6i$(ipLD r5n®n(g) 
LL(&r5ja<5rrniLi$ G^ndr^\uj§j. <3!®jit ®$l<sq*ujd5<s$)&Lj uif^/r/t. ^j/jj/ 
e^i^dla) €U(j^wn^j <5T(Lp^LJUiL iq-(3$&f£t}- - u $fe3&®n. ulIl-stotlo 

q?l1 ££./£> (g <rir ^QqjlLl^s Gl&rrmonmiLjrF&GfT {Lfiuu^j Gufram 

§l®S)Lp[5& t J 67OT63-) 637(1/11) ^&i^nQS)(SrflLjLD ^ji^^^jU G U IT lL(£\ ®Sl il® 

/5OT)d5«sfr, umriii&<siT> §]<s®$&m, un&$$m&mQuiLiq-&<mGLD<o®®Q 
rBfTip&iTGSJam (tp&sSluj erAeoireupe^piLiLD <sr($)&&)]<& Q&rrmrQ) 
QumusSlLLL-.fr nkeh. GKsm&fgj 9(5 G<S5fr<su<ss3r(Lpii ^«<s5/T(SY5«<g) 9(5 
£)/$<u g)y5?/5^ qu.m<sxj^ gi<smL-(LpLD Q&rr(b)ggj<o3LL® 9® 

&tf(n)LDLI6&}L-rTLD(Sb <5T ($ $4tf & Q & IT GSST ® Gu /T UJq5)lLl_/T /t<£<ofr. 
^/«d5/Trfr(pLDiS0 £g)(fi)/5<5 /5<Sff>*65<S3)<SYRJ (S) ® [RI S) UJ §?l 6V &fT§! Qp&(&, 
(l^gdduJOjpODfD ^£1/^^/q5)i1l_(5^/T(5) L/<#<Sff)cJU Lj(5$lUI3&U}-lUrT6b 

<3IGu<5$)m <sHLq.£& i i®SlLLL-6GT!T. <s>{ <su 6fT G) a^ <£ <su <syr G u rr <so G'<su 

SlL-SiSlpfTm. i3<sis)Lfiuu&f! &Lq-<mQLD<s&r/rM L^ir&i^irG&irGVGgi&lpfriT. 

' 0l£j&6fT £_L_G><otf7 GUfJfTsSlLLL-fTW ^ GU 65> 6fT<$> & fT 6m (Lp U}. IU ff §] . 



$£}$s : rai(&) Q<5fjt it^ssld 301 

&rr-LDU&lQJLb uiq-{B$rrfr. <stS$ nru rr fjrr ld <si> lJ/t/s/S) @<sror(5) iDrririSl<sb 
■urr-turBgl ^isxj0^s)i—uj g-L-.LD®nuGiu &&fr@§j 

&<okmffiB<m<^LDn&^<^LLL-.<s$)g>u (Suitgv^ld&jj Lom^S^d) <oTqg!$4& 

<sfil<9 : 6$r&®S){&mLD ^g^fT&en&ILjLD gjfT f£l& LD Tf tl.L-,lT LD6V 

<s$)U&>^iuwdQ&n <5OTL<suot)/ju(3l//tq; ^smug^lob 

j^rir<sy?)<£@ii)<f5<95fr /t. l/o; (^©«(GyjcSgj 6£ot><j GshI^lduisl "^ldlo/t" 
OojOT/ri] si?/flil(5)« <£<5@ot/t/7. ,JV^ ®S]uif^& G&rr60$m&& <sswl_ 

<%m&LDLD/T<SYT §$&L$!J<5V)LD Q«iT(5W(J) ^mT^IJ <5$(Lg&lUJ 

Qjm)^U^G^rr(^Lo ^i^LcGurr^ib "<5T<skr<m! GTGbrGtfrn" Geiteirgj 

GcSL@iQ<ffi/Tc5OT(3i_ <$L$-QJ$£5[T<$h. & U LD U &l ®J LD t5f&$u5lm 

&(§@<o$)g ^)/j(owr£)L-/7(5 6i//T/7<£G5)<g5aS)<so Q$ifl®S){5gi<s£lLL® 
Q Qj g$ u% (sb <5pLq. lS^ojld ^/<s>JcF/jld/t<s5 ^)jaS)g2/«@L/ 

Gutt&Q€U<Sm®LB (oTOff^LD, GU6miq.65)Ujg) ^UJfT ffl&^LDUL^lljlD 

^/IiL/L/o5?L_a) <5^/r5?Sl5?Ll(J) £_<ST7"G?.(SYr (S£UL®J{5§j ^LDLDfT(o?D(SrriLJLD 

^mLp&§}&Q&rr$mr(])\ (S)su^5uul1l_/7/t,- C? ld <s*r« /t <s?r> <si/ (4 /i , 

<Sll[rrri9S&rTLSlG5)UJUL]Lb> &>LD&j} S-jB^lGlUlT &&6$)g>lLfLD i 3~.6V&g<oV)£UJLD 

LLfprBtBrrfr. cF/TLO/T^SL/iUtSto/J^U) /5<^J)L_(i5)6>5)(/5/5^ &[7UL5)<5$)tUiqLD i 

^j(oS)L^uSl(sb lSIl^) uL-.rr<58>LDUjrT<5b <2&gvld Q&rr lLuluj 
$ym)^(j^<v5)g5iLiLD &€u®sfl&>&n logo, ^g) (5 si/ (5 ld Qqj$ 
Q « /t gAtl-. «si/ <o5)!jlj G u rr <so <g£^ eiy<ots7sr£i^u5?<oO ^tL&ftfcrB&j Q&> n $£&($, 

"GTQ£LDLj,(TF)&(§ 6£lL®' £763770 OT/T. L£l&GljLO$UJITfflLAn<fflLn65rg»68){50i ■ 

Qssrr<mru. &uiljljli <sy sij jr&m&jj G&ir6V&<3S)&& &<sm® G<su^u 

U&&@S$<SV &>®$f§J (Lp&gioftg^ $5l([l)Ul3 &6V&6DQ<51J(5&rfr}J 

ff){fl^®j<o$miLi (oij^Lq.i6lG<^^^Q^!7(omL-iT<sk. ^<suQj<srrG®jrr® 
^ojfr&Gfr $6&r®5)m ®$iLL®Q$®6urTir&Q<ofTm(^ ffionm^gi 

QJ(oknSLGS)iU ^lLl. ^[JLDlSl^fBfTOfl. Q & K <&$$([[) [5 £5 63) Lf, WfTODiU 

GS]iLQ\uGunuj q51lLu.G^ ^rsm^j <$&&>m Q&rr®ttrL~ {5LD$tf 
$€oG<zu<omf!& (g,6$<o?r>(j ^(^lduojjld qfpuuil.L-.gj. ^m^m/piL/w 

<S>jf&lUrTLD<5V J5)<S3-)«<55c£ &fTLDrT6$)QJlUif Q QJ 6$ llSi <5V 6££f QJ/£<£/T /f; 



*r,\, /JS ^\ 



302 GiDm&rr 



17 QJ§! <9$»nrjnJb 

a_OT3F/t(S3><a/ 90 £)/i5)g/ Gupprror. ^/<si/ ojsyksi/ $<smu. (5/5/jld 
GLiGnijuSiGb, ^{OJGfrgj Gg&ib 2- <sm rr si/ /f) /p/ , ZL.uSlrruupgi], 

^l<SS)^Oipgj, <&UJ$>§}, <sDL-£&(5MmLD lLJGS)L-.rF>§} ^ ®J <5lj <5V ®S) & lLj LD } 
$6ST6SHSSnLILD Lbppg] &GU LD GurT<S0&> S)l_/5^^/. ^&J<$fT§} ^GuGoSTIT 

LSllflJB&G&fT lSifi)llJ6Sl(5b(5X)<5vGuJIT Q(5U<sh^)ILD &f£ < 3g& r£l<SS)Gti<55)LL 
G LD d) <oSl UJ UDGVIT&ioiT QD <£ S) /f) <95 (7J S) (SI) 61/ (5 £ <SV /7" <S0 

<surr uf.&(§6tolfiP>gl Guu^g^gouGuitgv £-@^ld gonS^u Qu<5mr&6frldr 

LDGGTgiJLb G£&Q-pLD & IT LD K 8JJJ Ijrj&jJ G & fT GV €0 K <SV (&> ®T) Lp f$ g} 

<m(j^S}uGurf(^LD(5b(o0Qjrr! ^jGiiGiirrGp Gld 6$ra /t Goj gSrg)/ ld 
QtD<sb<sSliu(5vrTGiT (sr^rrurr rjng> Gu(jjj£F><g> ®Slut5$£lp ulL® 
^jdf{^lfj<sSl<sb QfF>(S\GrBrjLD<oij(5S)fju5\(sb onrsGwrr (lp&ldld§j 
LDrr&arriu6$)jL-m Gurrrjrr l^Gsu, ^jojoit^j wm§jLD Gloilul/ld 

^<SYr<Sl/<55L_/5J^ <£j<SVlLL-UUlL($) QfF>Sl^^^j GuiTuSlm. g-U$llfl§}JLD 

t&l'ifluj$rTGST &>®sr§} «/p^u, ^//5^5« asrrsiKm ^ju&rrl$§] 

<o3(£)<oLjrTG€5TfTQ®J<5&rp 6FS5)c£c9> GqJ /T <5m<omiT < S>J<9 : & : (LpLD GufJfTGlJ 6£jLD 
GufTfBjS) QlU(Lpr5&jJ ^QJGS)GlfT QJ(^S)QfT^^J<9i G&IT (oGSTL-Ofr. <SS^mSUQff§j 

&&$®s)&>u Guprr ldgv Gpuj-iu ^n^omnuj G u(f^^^j<5kuLD 
<3l§]U<sSl$&tf ^<oVLDnr[3§j &)/__/5c95 &> sman ®$r$ g>®sr&>} ^(n) u5l fr& 
&<sm<5ijm &6?s)L-@\mrr& Gurj<sij<s5yLpj£§i tspuupp <s*J<sbr<o$)ua &rTLLLS}- 
^j(siru<k<xi-.-<s6l<svfTiLu^uj <BSfreo^^<sb, cgy&o^s 9(5 Gprruj-uSlGb 
^JLpr5§j®SlL— Q$rrr5&><s$)g>& (^n^l^^ju GufflgjLD <5jrEj!$)6$rrT6h. &®rr§] 



^imrriiG&rr? ^diLDuSKSGorr? 303 

iSlfjrr6mr5rr&i6$)<s$r £§)<s$fl <95/t«55t<si> <9&.<$Gldit ab.L-.rr lo/£> Gurr^Gibu 
Qojdrp Qu(§$§}iuv(Lpw Guij&&(ipw 2- puma <si(Lg^§! 
6U6S)4B${5Gsr* GftjpGsrrr (Lp^LDLo^joSlm &rr i&rr§fijjLBrrm G@rr pp(Lpih 
Gi£>n&FfG'<oU&& @/i9«(g5^ gu&ldli <3>l_/5<9S &®n<sm&Qrrwrrm 
Q&rr<sbwu)Li&(gnjLD u&iJbir£t5rrmFlGurT<so ^€um§j ^.mm^^Ksb 

6ff>£5£J5/ £M®(H)<oSlU U/Ti£//5^/ *&<o5)§> &<SV<SV®ftL-& &658T€m.ITUJg> 

&fhQ&rT£$)60 Lj(fl[53jj- G&nrdrm GiojmrGipsfl, &>®n§] QLD6b$£luj 
S)(u/z)<kd<k«@ iDfTtprT& l6)<s><si/lo ojpqgn^ ojGgjmGtiiLjLb wG<mfr 

£.£}]§$ 65) UJU-I LD ®J(f$<ofil&>gilj5 @®ff§J G$&$£)lip(9jLb- LD 637@ /f) (g LD 

s>&Tr..iq_ t <^<^Q<5m<5Zrfr)j ^(/5^) ^lLl-L/l/lLl oS<oS>sssr<ss)UjuGLjfr&)- 

&p$$<sSlQf)$$ &$s£$6mLi iunGijiT i3®nb&i&Q&rr mmGoj ^sum^j 
<5$fjrrGfaj<5F(LpLD, L&<o$r§>\m ^.fj(LptD, £_/riyjg)tf/Lb 9(5 Q/5/TLLuSkfi 
*L.6$)L-r5§i Gurr^LD /g/ri(gL6)//?CT)ajL>(3u/T«a), 

(tppr^^JLD $6triTGU<5S>L-J5gl $<S$)<S0 ^©LO/T ifi U G U fT (SSTgJ . &&ST&JJ 

&{£§$<o8)iulj i3(J)\mi&\m<su<m ^./50 L£&LDLD§$tuG<m G)(l/ot@/ijd 

^&&(LpLD, §£)&$ &6®§?1 «JDL/ $Ori<SOtUlTQ$me!S)ILD ^S<3F(LpLD 
QU(§LD GuiU ^j®S)fp&®S)€OU GU(T<S0, ^<SU(^<o5)L-UJ LD<5Sr$G6>&$ 

$rr&&Geu, ^<si/<otj$/ {LpmmiyLD, ^/#<a/LO &\$$uGurniS\m. £)/tld 

LDfJLDGufTGO^ SGLfi U G L_Q /7<SW$/ sffffiPgl ■ $pn&$)j5$n<3n. (Lp&LD 

Q<sii(g5^L/ L$<OT<s;<95<s3)<aT Gupipgi. $gfi$®nrr&($) ^uuit^jld 
Lo/j(5W^@/f)(5 ^uurr^jLDrrm ^(njmrL~ rg}<5S)<sD<5V)UDitSl<sb 
Q$(£)Gr5fjLD ®j®s){juSl<sb ^ojwrg] ^smirGij ^ypfcgJ &)l_/565J$/. 

Gllp^pljuiLl^uuj- u>fT)]f5rTil-&rr<ss)GU gtlL® . ld&s$&($& 
Lj > r5G&fT(i))&m Gurrmtp <si®jm§} ^(fi-SluJ ^miD&M &)$§} 

Gprrggrr $}&$<& glpiA <s$ot)coU smli^iu^j. ^mir<sb, ^sum§i 
<s£\$&>m &ii)§i Q$rri£l : <ss)<so£" O&djiurr u>.<sb Qgu£jjld 
G5lffl*ar'rru$(!5p$asr. Qaj<o®u$)<oSl®p& erjfi&u Q u rr (senarai & 
^/oi<si5?i/)«rfr &_LlL//D^@/f)(5<« .'*/rtlL-aS?«s&-6in<su. ^(ssrrrd), 



304 (5iD(5OT<ffi/r 

Q<oU<sfiluSl<sb CS65/t/d^/q5)^^ot. {ipanmiSlm ©LpuL/^ii, 
^,<smn<oBm<smwii4LD $&ft\&mwn& <sfilmm&lm. ^«si/su/r/r)/ 
i3<sn<oi]uilL- ^)ot)ld<ssyt ^jU6mQi—fT(§ $iR<s^ Onsu^^o) 
G&rrtTtoiKs&L-ipg} G&ifip^Q&rrmrL~.ar. ^Qjm - $($Lbuei]LD <yQj£i 
■Gurr<sDnrmrrm, ±S\&& uajf£i&p'u>rr<3; ^®<owrL__ £§)/7"<si/6$<s$<si 
<oiuGurr§j ^)U<^I Q@rr<w60iyQinm(ri]LD 6JuGun§} Quri(Lpg} 
L4G0(j§Qwmgi!LD Loosft&fr <ar(5/5d$/<ss)<95u5)<si) Q[5®Gr5!J@§>lijb(g) 
(LpdrssrGrj G&rrLfil d^.o5) Qurr(Lp§j o5) 1^*14 QiD(sir@/Lb [bldl3&<oG)& 
^<mTL-n&(§&<sv>60uGurr<5V GLD<ssr&fTm<si] r5rT&urr& : QLDm& «ilif 
^(Lp&£$i$(§[5& ^)©^ oSlGV&GJwmum^ ^oumgj ^<smD&(sh 
(Lp<m®sTrr<5V <gi$<sS\§bt5Gsr. <sH^mrr<sb 3 ^ojm^j £_l_ldl/ wn^ijub 
G^m<ottf(Lf)CD <^m&Gii(jbGrQ &)t-.r5@&jj; ^nf<smfrubpGurr(om iD6<s?\g>®r>rj{B 
G^u^uj<o^Lp^§j oufj GojGLjarrijonjj ^6^juq^GS)6ou Gurrsv, 
ld p $§} Gu n <sm ^/ojeigi £_<sw/T<otf)<si/65 G&^is\-&Q&r[<smQ)\ oj^ti 
Q u rr (/5 L- (J) ^sirffiirroLi (Lp^<sb &n6S)60 GumpuSlsb ^mG<ofr 

Q&G£}$&>UUlL.L- Lb(j])f5§l&m &L£>gH ^ 6gj QJ 6S)6V l£)«Q/ib 

lyggLb Q&uj§a> ^<s$)J£g> $(ri)LDL5i& Q&ir<5mrr($&tf, ^6U(^mi—(u 

£LL-LDGS>U £§)/p/<55 <=£/(*£ <£j£)<35 Q 65 /T SWT Uf. (§ j5 <3> £j§) (/J LD L/ 65 

&j£<sijGurTmp ^6mi7®Sl<5&r6$)LD®s)iLi Q-^S)L^^§^ c£/@<si> <s£((5 ^/rj'tu 

^uSlrjnSliu oS?<syT65@ r5<mtpiTiuu L3isj-^§j&Q&rr<om® <^u.itsSIlL(^ 
Gjrfluj .^lug^LDnrdj ljqs)<3hu ^rjLDi3£E>£5§!* <S>i ®J ®rr§J ldost^igo 
£-.i—G<m 9(75 £)/#§/ £-<sot/7"<££) ^^iuLDfT6m§j. ^<M<^<mrif<9 : @)ii51<5b 
GpGrr (^Lpuu(LpL0 2_z_lol/ (Lp p n$ 6gj ld <s^Gpr ^jjjGm&rriuLbiT 

u5l(§UU§JLD Q^lfl^<SSTGU<oirnSl 9 6$/7<o3T UJITGljQfjmU^JLD > ^fT<Ssfl(l^^ 

£jg)*__Lb <oT8tfQ6ii(5bru&i]LD, ^<S5T«@ G>/5/t/565 ffjj<5muf£j&<sh ^<s$r®sfi<skr<m 
Q<su(5ku^jLD Lb<m§>\tp Lj£omrr&®5]<sv®s)<sv. ^jm6W(LpLD Gg&(LpLD 

mm&tfLD &G0G8TLJLJL-®- £g) (L/ /S/ 6S /T LD <rf) ®0 L-&^6$T®$) LD IU IT 6$T 
f£l 65) 60 <S8) LD uSl 60 . ^©/S <5 63T- (pLD^/LD, 65/K51) [B K l£I 6$) & U$ 60 

Lfm&uSim /5(5)o5?<si) Gld.gvgSIuj &u-fr '' GT(Lgg>m<5vuGunr<50 <£]6U6n§} 

S-US)(f^LD SL-GmfrGLjLD ©/^d5<££)/p/<S5 6UQ)l6ll65)L-{h$I Q U((T)§i)6$r. &HT6if 



^6mr£jG<&rr9 ^ijLDuSlGwrr? 305 

Q&rr®<0$)Lbturrdj /5L_^^)iu^/Lb, <£j®jif®ffl Q&rr otot Q&rr /ds^ld, 
Ljfflrb&> G&djfSft&tufTGgjLb , &rrm l5)/d@ §£(/5- Qj(/5ajr<9S/r<sy£i 

&7r<smuuLLL~m. &rrdf ^<m<m(Lpw g^on&uS)®) ^(§uu^n^ 
Ggrr<sfcr$uj§j. ^i<sum§} g-tsmfraj Gm^jiD ^jglds/ftsws' ^i$&ifl&&, 

j^<oii®$)iL-m gg/fcgi/ fsrriL&ffl i^^tu QjfTLp<SLitT& ojrrtpfB&jj Gufrlmu^ 
&&Ln<ss)L-.j})$&ii.LD Qg>rY<s$rfi5lm. <£6y>L_£)u51<si? i£m§j &<mr&jm 
G&<sv^§$p(&jLj' GurTGsr ^mgtytjoj cj/7L0/r<sff><si/(L//r a>tssr<s5)G5nLjLD 
Qu(§$Gg®$ujihLDrrm(5friLiLD F5rrL-&C& umt&& ^ys^ip^jj/^ Q&<mip 
r£)an<m6ii Qld<s&go ld<swj§)<su &€&<so&frtL.uf.uj§]. <3i&>®sti3(p(§ grrm 

GiiusrrojosT ll^ldw^iuj^ G^fTmjrSluj§jLO, ^V^ar/-5)/D@ S^/t/5^ 

$nL-&& &rrtL&\&<stomuGurTGO{£ G^rrm^losf. (Lpu^oSld), gBrrskr 
&&^iiurr6b (gg^aG&n'imr® gpG&rTOfi®) qffliu (Lpiu<sbrn)§jLD 9 
^uGufT§i i§) i& Q /jot /p/ ^q^euir Gg(rm$& &S?§?i6$)UJU 

L9@/£iffi<£Q<35/7 6OTL_6£/LD Q <9> <offl 61/ FT <£ <oS\ ffl Ihl §>1 <m . #<£@ 

l5) ($)&&& u l~l- i%)@ $i~$&> Q&dr®zr Qoj<sku§j si <&!(&$(§& 
Qgrf)iu®Sl(sb<5?r><sv. ^^sk l%)© <oTiL® iDmflGrstfLb ^<sm-,Q6ismm 
&{$n>g>Q&<siru<5in4£ ^jGiim ^$f5g>6uG<snuj6&r(r)j. si§l ^)dr£$r(LpLn 
^p-GojjsfrgyLD, (Lpjp.GSluj' f£}i£}®$&$5)G®)&fr<oZr «£@ 

oSlo^UJfil&GiT lUfTGlfLD, ^ <5m 6#) LD U$ W &LD UQS]&&&&n.'L-rT0 

^&n<^nrrGmwrrm65)6ii&(SfT. ^gGvrrsb, ^®s)<sii&<sf? /$g§<g@<su 
fSL-i5&<mQ6ii<swfrx] ^jojm i&m§} rsLDi3&<s$)& Q&nmm®S)<sbmm. 
grrsbr <95<S37<si/ &nr<omu@rr&G<sii <3jQjm £L-/rij§ilujrr& rglmmt&tBrrm. 

Ct!uha&!r.I~21 



306 GiDm&ir 

r§}&&uSluuG& &n.L-.rriD<sb (§Lpuu&®5)& ^<omi—ir<&&)iug]. grron- 
^nL-^ih urrfr&&u Qu[t®si§}ld ^i^m iSJmmfr [5i-.[5$<5S)<sii&<gnjLD 
aasrtoirr, &m$> @rrm p&uum oSiIl^sSJ^^ $(r$WL$<siir5ggiLD, 
^drLjpfrij GurTLpr5&§lL£> i iSlpojLD &<o$r®jrr 9 ^m$l, girm 
£<gjOT>«ra(giJ Gurr<m§iLD, ^<oii®$lL-g§$<sb <sp(§ <su(§g^l£I(^^^i 
(ip^fsSliuo^LD <55<sW(Sy/r, ^i<sm(^l, &> ®$ <ss) m &> &>®st§l &6m<sudr 
(LpgGSlGiurr ir Q&rr(§)<5&LDtu[T uj fBi—^^iu^j &<o$F®jrr Gidrrgj 
<g>{®j<gnj<oG)L-iLi (§LpuuLD Qu(§fii(^LpuuLDrr -(uoSlil-L-gi . "£-<SV&Ql_D 
GufTiu; ^S^ggjmm Qurr(njiL&<sn Qurriu; <5T<si)6vrrLD LDrroniu; 
Qufi([?jil&Gm &)6$)L„ujrr§}" srdr^j wmurr ^§i<su&®s)&uui})$ 

GUrT$uGlJIT(n)&(9j 9 &LD&tf Gg&(LpLD, &FTLD G U&rOJ&JW , gfTLD 
fflGftmUUgjlLD) g/TLD £-GmifQU§jLD <5J (SV GV ff G LD Q U Jllhuj 17 &g 

G^irmgu^<o^(5VLjGurr<sv, GLDOsrsrr^m LDQfr^lip(^ ^juGurr^j 

GTGDGDrrLD Q U ff UJtU rT&GLjLD, Q LDUJUJn&O-J LD G^U Gkl^iUJ^j. UIT6ULD 

LDGsfi ^(/j^o £_<sw/t<si/ <oT6irG$)i ld <SH15& f^uupcp 6^(5 <olI<oh)&iJ &>®ST§1 
$m€dl<sv)<svGrtLD6V)iu ^i£ipgiJ®Sl(£iLDrrmiT<sb i ^uLjppLD tgysufr&m 
LD&sfi&)P'd)<svrr. Giugwsijgstld «i_lL_ip(g &rr[5§$ (Lp^sSltu <oT^^<o5i&m 

^lUn<Sy8><§H)LD <£! (/5 65> LD Gu^GftLD&fGTljLD ^j (/5 U iSl g)/ LD ^65)<51J 
ff)$l§]LD LD^LJUipp^GlIlUrf LD. ^Ihi IBJ OffG LD ^OTgJ ^ QJ <SfT§J 

rgl6V)60®5)LD. grrm GLD<z$r&iT£5rr<mrr, grrm L^ULq.&Q<sv&L-.Qi)®s)u.uj 
Ousm^n (smrr taimmiLD Qu(rj)g>g> &r&GgaLD G^rrm^luj§}. 

&<5m&®S)6fT&> §)p$§j gGVT&tf S-L^LDQS)UU U fT I7g3jj <£>!$&& 

&nsQg > &{B®s>{£&> $£irggj&Q&iT mm rg}®r>mssg6ijmrT iu, $6S\$g> §>ld§i 
Gn?g§?)[jfii&<s$)m^ &i}pfB§j 8><svr&jj GLDOsfl&mu Q-p^j Gr^fT<i^}QfffTm; 
GTGsrm z %j ? &&if!ujLD! &®ff§j £_l_ldl/ GLDGST&nriofilGbr &.l^lduit<3s^ 
G&[r<s$rfp®S](sb6$)G0! ^jldg^uljl^gSIg^jld ^j^&u.nGsr Gsu^mG&LD 
r£lp^$$)g& G&rrsmL-. GldwgSIiu ldsJuoSJgst &n<s$$f!Qujn6b t 'fr}tf &>®$r§} 
G&&&>§!\<sb s^(5 &i-pprr^ ^<mfliuuQuip$(!f)$&&ii! &<sm§i 
®S}<55)<sviLjUjrTr5g GiD«(Si7/t(owruuL_L_/Ta)L__, uituli, Q&rr<ogj&, 

& (T & W 17 65)60, ^Llf <Sff)c3S (Lfi <3$ <o6J IU QS)<SU ^<sm^j Gg&&$<sb 

&rr<mTuuL n ®S}(5b65)6V. ^ojpssip ^gm^j G^<^^^igSI([^^^j ^gikt^ld 



<3t6mrii(p<%rT? ^djiDuSlGom? 307 

(LpmGm LSI (J) di £)hj§/ 0mm<^<smL-rTi£lp(r)}. ^rr<s&r &<sm<ss)6$$r 
Qptq-& $puu@>(p(§dr ^j^od^uj llitqj^'&) &&&§] G^&^^d) 
6y[B$5l(!f)UuQg>m<m GjSIp&nts! *&{§j ^[5fi$fr®grr<svLD iaG^/e^p 
®Drr,6vGLDrr? G&! (Stwgoitw <g<a//p// GTGVGDfTLD Gurrtu! <95/7<sir 
&rr<omu8tf amGojf <5idf^j $®s)6wg>& siGum^j Gumg ld<shtld 
(Lp p r$ gy ld (^ipiDiSl^ G&nft<sii®s)L„$§} GurruStpfpj. Lam&$ 
Qso(L£ij>4£ GT6ssr<5ssfln)[B$ <3Fr5G&&r5j&<sfildr &<ot)LDmiu^ g>rri£j& 

LDfT iLL^IT LD60 LD<mLD $<s£l$&tf LD(Lgf£l&} <$UJ6V)<SIJ ^si>l-.^§j G$lLl—0 
^OT)<950-//7<Sl), <95<5OT<rf(a5)LDc95<rf7" QfiUj.AQ<XfT^AsTL^<SSr! <^j Gll m&tf LD<SSTLD, 

$m(§y)UU£5$rr<2b 9 .£<5br<55)<s8rGtu <&wn p$&Q&n <smL-.§i> Q®jm<s®6rr 
Gum^i $&6®&> oS}$<5G) , Qj&G<5rT <g>jmfiuaiit. &tT<sbr, ^(/5/5/1(^511) 
LD<sh)<5Q(sk §i<sttsfl<ss)uj ^<o®$rBg$£l<sb®n<svGuj. grT<5!STr$iuiT<su®$)&zi5}<sb 

<S>jg)] ^{LjGufT§J &®ST§I 2-,L„LDl3<sb <57UUIS^ Oi/j^Ji/? 35 [T <sk 

GuDGsr&rrGiimfrij; G <su /p/ iu u G u rr ^(5^@ <5T<sbri£j r§l<5S)<ssr&>'§j 

<H<sm<smrr^Q&<sb<oi)rT ld <sT<swr<sW? lduj&&(lplo (&jLpuu(LpLD 

Q@<ofilm<SlIU QufQU Qup, ®ffl®%UJFBJ&<sh lUfTGlJLD S_OTT(S?DLD(U/T<«(S<Sy 

G & n m $1 <sm . &>n®st GuDm&rrJBU <sbr ^rmmuh r§lm6$r®Lf 

^ILJipm&lLirT&OLjLD, SL-fpj$UJfT&6k]LD ^fSU&Tgt UDm^i<5V <oT(L()!5£tf 
LDfTfp]UL-mD®)r£l<S5)6t)$gJ /# «ST/D dj/ . &!T<sk &6$IGlf &I7 <mr®S]<5b6$)6ti 

Qiudru§}Ln Q&<sfii®jrr®$ Q&?i\$&§}« ^/uuif lU/Kswnrsu, 
g>n<s$t$\{unw6b, aiOffmii—LDLSJGb Gojgu GiKsroS^fjih Gruuiq- Giif5&§J, 

^juGurr^} £_/n-D/T<£ <oT(Lpr5gi <oU®s)g>g>&ti ^/oisrr logst^A Ggujtii 
£j<si;q5)<95 uujfEJ&rnAiTm i^a fit &<&&(&> ^^m Q<ssrr(^^^(osr. 
Qu({$&$ Goj&Gnm £L-<5mL-.nuSlp[g}. &6M&1 ®$)&uS\<sSlqf)r5g> 
&^£b)miuu l5?®/s/S)« Gsu^mrL-. LL&LDLD§?liuG<m &m§i ^mi^miu 
iDfip^losfOj GlGsrmjryLD, ^ojm g>®sr§l terbau 
i$($m&(LppuiLL--QutT§} gnm wmm&i& SGLp &<&)fju5}<sb 



ggg (§LD(SW<^/T 

G5lQ£!P$prT* simmeuu Qurr<so 9® (^itu&ld &-<smL„nruS)p@]. 

$6s>e*r$$rr&r. $m$i apLj 9 $jp£iGurrm G)£otu«>£ «gong/. 

Quq$$9 G&rru(LpLD ud<®/t 2-fj&G$rT® w(igfc§l Lnmglp 
(^aj-G^rfmri^m. ^ojm^ G$*Gld(t ^ (M (&&(§& &&I&& ^iu<sorr& 
^l(!Seu0ues)u^ £/5£g/. <5*»S/ sl.L-ld<5S)UU urrfruu&pG& &mr 

8a.fF\lU§l. LD&LDLD§$UJGnm& ^(§LDUQljLD UH "077 'ZDCl) <£ /T) £) « /7 <Stf> <SD 

Gurrm<oS)&> $<svm$§} Qu($p§iuj[r(LpLD ^@j7(y>ii) *3H<ss>t-.p$rr<sir. 

c95W/e/« LD®»L-r5glGurr®ff paagi ^jifieunm G$&&gs)& tt-L-Gm 

&!TLDUGOrT& GTlfl^gj <& $ £$l G& L- &m&(§ GU<SV<5V®r>LD uSl(sb(5^(SvGlU 

<oTsk^j $<oS)m&§iu urng^girm. ^jdjGumGij j^niflm^ &m§} 

gltu[TLD<ss)i-.p$rrGr. <g5tli$.<@5)<s5r l% &esr&&($®<ob lunrGprr 9(5^/1 
£_il&rr /7/5^(5/5^^5/ ^guwt u>m§Ksb ^uGunGg q<somfTuS\pQj. 
«3/jj/ ^<^7-^)(^T^ Q«®^ LD&LDLnG$iuG(5?sr <oT<smrrtf rgl<ss>issr4B$rr&r. 

^SUGTT LDQST^l<SV Qp<8fT{&f£lprT &fT RIATT (L& G^fTULD Qu/TI5/ffl 

L/0<s^g}/«c95(75©cai) ^/T(srf)(5L/u^/T« r§l<s8)<zsr$9y, grrm Q(j<srT[T(surr§$ 

(LpiuGbrrgj unfr^frm. siojengi uxswg/ ix(t^[jld js/is^^sir/rS), 
G&&LD 9(5 ff)r$\§}LD ^i®n&iqLD <su <sb <sv <ss> ud ^ uGurr^j 

GrBrraaoLjLD ^lupGn&iurrm ^p^<smL-rTaQSl<5b<as)6V. G^&ld 
ggi~u QurTQ])<orrrruj& Sil^^^^j. G^^GH^j<supp<su($^($ 

LJbp<SS>pGujrTl?l6£]LD G&!TU(LpLD, *%&§>l U 'Q£ & ^/@<55^ LDOTUg/ 

ojf7(SU(§LD *g>jr$!p£5 (s6l<s^ujLDrrLD. <sy&p&l6mrij& i Q^ajGop^j<i 



^i<smmQ&ifj9 ^luiDuSlOtGOfT? 309 

S)l_/J><g> (3lJDOT<35/T 356ST JLD<oST^)(oi) QuFTIBjSl €7(Lp^^ '&ipfY)&^m&>& 

<s5i_(£i/w u?^/ $(§ULS}<mrrm. filrru!jfT^}ujfr<m Q®D&££&<s$)m 
(S&rr®$)6v ^ju^iurr^fT ? /g n?rr&Lbmiju Gu/m iLiriLL^murr? GT&ff6to6sr' 

^UUISLS 6)<95@<gJ^ &fr<£)G6)6Q{B§!& &mST6mfT fJU UITIT&& 

Goj<5m®QLD<skfr)j €T@gmm ^frmrfuj $<s$)m^§?i(§$g>rr!u! <oim 
GiiuSltt)! utprfy GTiflSzlpGg! wgstCd um$&&jpG$! ^uS)fr8tfU}-&G»l!pG$! 
Q$iuqjGld, /f &(§<smn r§l§$ Guj^r^j t gq®s)Lp®&uuL-& Q&rr<<5i)&(LpLD 
Gmrr&§i)ujG8)$ £-.<mm®jmn /§/ (Lpp&rT®)£$<sb $mrr §j)0/j<sy7 uS^uSIm 

ld&it u{Tijg>$<55)§)! &$&rrij Gg&gSiliptg) Q&n mGO&n~ !jm ^ ri&miT ld 

<5T<cku®n@uQu(7 6V gLS37gF)/(off)L-*U UD®65)LL §^)(§&^!P§]- 
a-QTg)/gg)L-iL/ U6ff)L_UL/U), £_ OTgp/ 65") L_ OJ fgl OJ PT 0J (Lp LD FfrmVprr 

u5l(r$f5$®n! ^)/5^u urrogLD 2L.<so&$(gl<sb &purriD! /£@uj/Tib/ G&! 

(^Lcg^^li/" <oT®tt(T)} <S5L_61/S?7 lS§JLD, £_6tf<55<5@6OT" lS§jLD y &®ST&iI 

Q&$>g>§$m lS^jld Quifl^jLD ^g>§>\r}(LpiD Qqjqjuljld Q&rr<swr(§) 
g3®£5§} <5T(Lff!5gJ <s^uufT<sb Gunrdj, QfBnfLq.Guj^LD^riLD^liurrLD(sb 

U&UtJLDQun<5ti&&Lp<skrFp§J* ^(mUGO, ^GlJGfT§jG^SSLD t <SpG(JU&<S&3 : 
&LLULfT)8SL-l£l&rT§l fi)£_/5gg/. LOOTg/ LDfT^CfLD q^fTUJU i3u$.§§]& 



£-LL&rTfTip$(n)!5$<sufT &ld§J &rr&&nr<5b SHQjm§j Qfi&$on$a> $L-eS)& 

^(smiSldrmmuSlm (ipijiL® sm&iurrag G&rr<sirp®$i<sbG5)6V. ^§} 
L^^^^LpuGurfW LS)($§i®JfrtqLD, (§<o3rr&&)iur7tLiLo £§)©/5j%S/- 

U&®5)&& c95/T)L^/J£i, (§fij(§LDULJ ? , L/ 6sf? <£ « L. £JJ- (tfi €& ®S) (U <S& 61/ 



310 GLDm&rr - 

(5Lp£5><oDti/li 3 UJfT<o$>LplLILb 9 UfT<oS)<^iqLh 9 Gc^cSS) (SITTIL/LD Ul£\§b{£$rrUJ > 

&f£ji&$ &rrmLD Guirmp^n ih, <j>/(i/><9><$ sjjefii&anGrrujLb 
(&${}ln&@\®$)iuiLiw 6p(§r£jG>& Q&nfftj&§i Q&®S}&@ffi6v ^GGflonLDmiuu 
QudjGu$rr&j &®siQijdr(r)] &g>g>ubrrib 6p<sSI$$gj. (of^rrunfjfr^ ^//5^« 

gj/7<S&><SD<95 G&lL©^ ££)<Stf>d5<S<£ GlDGSI&U , <g>ig}l G^GU&fKPSlGwfT 

&nijb&rT<mGL£)n Qojm^j &$G$S>1&>§} Q51iuuqippn<5h. <gj§j ^(/5 
Q u<smw<5ufluSlm (^(jQ<somu§j ^^G^Lop ®S)mfij®tu§]. gdrmm 

Qu(n)£g> GGiifgjurr® &rr<smuuLLi-.&jj. ^monpu 

u<oZ)fDGiurT65)<9 : <&(8j (spuLSL-i—fTO) ^mQ<mrrmG$)p <sS<smrT 
mrrm&SdpGa 6£ljl8l_(SI) (3<si/<sw@ii. ^^«^5)ot s 

®juGufr§i<5mL^rr<sm^i ,j>//5<$ ll&ldw$?iiug$t&i} (gj\j<so<shrr)] (STtsiru^jw, 

LD «/i> ld @ (U c«r <so <su.<sir (oTshfryLD, ^i§i *gi<suGxr§i UGmflu 
Qu<sm<5mrr&G<sii6$}jLD ^<sb^o^j £-rQ<sSl<s$r<onrr &G®jg$)Jld gj)(5<£<£ 
Gd/cOT^ii srcir/p/Lb o^S)^^/<s G&rrGmi—rrm. ^<sm^j £_<oSWfSi/ ^irfyiu 
jBn®tf <sy <s$r(o$fl iu L/(/5<si^<o5)<sw^ ^(omu^iu^rf^sj ^g)y$)<si/£i> urr<oii(LpLD 
Gljgvgvitldip Qunm6$)££<k @/7^^^/l/ Qur?l§]LL LD$)i£6i]<ss)i—r5£rr®T. 
^mrrsb, <£j{5& ^{puwrrm ^mu{Lpw <sp(§ r£)ubl(S^GLD ld<s$t§$<so 
r§}®ftGvg§j rflsmp^j. <srQ<o$T<z$Fld) i @>®n§} &p<as)U <sp{£l${5§! r£l&&iLiGtj) 
<57<smp ^j(§Qj(§uq f£)Gr>6$r®5l<sb ^I^lduGoj ^}<snm§j LD6$T&&<sftl u q 
Gs>&uurr&-LDnrf)liu§i. tsnm &^&<mm$ $pfs& g>w&&(§&<&(§$iS 
^/5<5 LD/T<S3)<95, Q<svlL& lSI sv <sv nr ld <sb urrfr^&n <sjuul^. ^ojw 
(Lp<s565j§)<si> gSJl^Iuu^j <ST6bT(Q] $ l <o$) <SS7 ^ &tf GLD<m&n 

ub<s8rLDrryp&)GsriT<ziT. ^GUGrr^j G^&ld (^(m^liu^j. ^.sum &<5m<ssxsmfi> 
§$p<SUm£>G<oO £jg) jJGmG L-.IT (J /# iB^Gl^fJLD S)l_/5^/t <rir. (LpshmGp 
^P^iUU^ ^UJGVITIT <S1?lLi#_£15, <Sy&jJ6ljLD, ^QJQST§J d5Llf4-(5^)(oir 

(pLD<s£>c£f7~6Sr (oTGijQjsrr(Sii Grsjjib <sy gij ®j rr ngj &<5mon<om ^Lpu^u 
u($i$$(n)8>§6b &^Q\Qlbqstqild, <s>{uul%_ u5)(njLJu^rr<sb ^jLpGsu 



<3i<smnifG&rr? ^ujiAtiSlGsvrr? 311 

<5d(LD&i<S5d)<oO Q<stf®$i(t)]LD /$<s^ot^5/t<sf. Qub<sb<so g><svr&jj <&<55S7*<o5><ot^ 
'§)p!5&n:®r. <£>i6M<srr <^0 Lfpubrr&g $(§ldlS}lj u®£$(n?[5g<5ii<srrrr 
<SG)&LUiT<5b > <si(fi)&)<sb ^)(nj!38b<sii<o5)<srr (ip<sa$?<si> u(riT<k&djl<sb<s5)<5V. 
<SH<si}m§i ^i&m(Y) &!5^(j<sfilLfl&<siT ^(/5 Grern^uSld) ^/565 ^Gzn/D^iu 

<sfil<snfE}&liu§]. <SH§1> @rr<svr £jDasmix^ujG>OT/T@ 8><s$flmLbu5l<oS\(ri)f5j5 
^6mpuj<5b<oV Q<sumu§i rf)\&&ujLDF[u5\ir)(r)]. grrdr 9(75 
<g*l<oS)ipu%<5£lqjjr5gtf ^otOs^tt^ ^6^ /7)« (g Qj/5^sy)d5ii/Lb, &<svr§] 
(£$&$$ 6SI(njn>45 ^<s^i-iunu[f<5mfhi6i(m (sS\<so^u uiLL-m&iyLD, 
^/7<st5T igj$ujiTg]GurTG!sr&jj <ordrm ubrrujQix>rT srmgjj $G&&SF>&>Fr<sh. 
^uGurr§} ^rrssr §}uS\<smpnGmrfQGiimQj &ipG@§?}£5&rnsh. ^<ob<sv&tf 

LDIU<&&{5&((T)LD U)0/5S5)^, <J>//5<£ Ub&LDLD$LU<sh &GSJ&J €U <Q>&&&£5IT <& , 

£%<5br .£-L-LDiSl<sb Q&Gpjj>S>l <si5?l_l_/t Got/t Q si/ <OT/p/ <oi€m<smrrj5 
Q@<sb<svrTLC <sT<sm<oV$fl<owrrr<srr. ^//5^ £g) /_(//>£> iD&& <syLp<ssrr& 

ST/i/@li) r^LpSllU UDGVfT&GSyGfriLILD, ^)€$)6D&<o$)6mq LD ' <S) <S5 /T OTTL- 

S)^/TLlifc95(g5Lb &Lout£i$l& ■Q&rr u^&^Lb, Gijnr^n Q<9=iq.&(Gff)LD i 
rglmeos a<om<mrrrLq.&<§ri)LD, l/l/s/^^ld, u§}®s)ll k^ld, 
r5fTtp®rr<s$l&(gnjLb G&rr u rr &&(&$&, iSlpa/LD r$®r>pf5 ^(/5/5^631. 

g>n &$(§$£> &lLi4-§}JLD <31g>6$T UU $(11) [5$ S) LA@<$5)£IL]LD ) l§) «Stfjr® , 
£5 63) 61) &J (55) STOTdS (gj LD , <5J [J FT <5TT LD fT ®ff Q LD<SO<sSluJ U lL(]J\ U 

Gurrif(5S)Qj<3i^LD 9 ulL®£ ^juuiIl^^^ld, &rr<5bm®j&(QF)LD, 

•■.(o)#/fr&- QJ6S)6U«(gy5li oSfe<SD LJb§$UUir)ip<5$)QJ (U/T 61/li, <S£(f$@\rSlUJ 

wnmwpponGiiiurtiJLjLn £§)©;5<5 OT * LD<ssft<£frj$/ u^G^^^ifl 

!ttrij&(&&(3jLD &8>LD &[T&&&& QLm($lL&G(T UJfT^LD <3\$&> ^<^)pu5l<5V 

&rr<omudiLL-<sffQjiTu%e!$'LD, lB<5s<oi/ld Gidldul-L- ld&u prrgg&DJLD, 

<£//5/£)(/5/5£ £|)<Ssf?¥ Guir&g^Gb^Lppgl iT'($)UL-.^®J<ob Q<XUQTGfT^ 

&,&&onmrnh egy<ssxsi/ &rr<omu u uj.gp/ ld, Gubm&rr grrm 
§$$mrisb&&r, Ggm&Gfr, u/tjudl/^ot (Lp0<sSliuQjip-f5lm iS§! 
&lL^uu$rr& memapsr'ri/Gl&rrmr® &'(n>eu(§uu6to'L±!5gl 
<zij(nj!P$mfT<5n: ^®j®r§j 'eS\'L$&m c9//5£ *2i<ss)fpes>'iu ^[ririi^ 
Gurrgj ^)(d3tG)ot/t(5 lj^jo^ll ^/cuc/rg/ &rrC;&\uSlGb uiIl^^j. 
&iLm.<sSlii).(9) ^0®<aS)®/£<5 ^© 0nip&rT&iti)<&.Q€uman6rr&&rT!X 



312 GLDm&ir 

GJtugi ^pGpp&^mpiu (y)uu&an$r5$(!5&&GorrL6. Qub®SlfB&&]LD 
&wi$$wn& $<smL-.§]UbfT®sr ^Lp&liu Gjb&$<ss){5& 0«t«l ^//5^5 
LLfT&n, $asrgi .$)1-&&{T&§IW <&Q5 @n$l'tu G$rr<sb <smumiuiqLD i 

<SU60&&IJ£B§$<sb ®T)QJ&§>)ILHT L$l <SS$fl UJ K <Strifl<S&T LD /T fn3<SQ <o$)<S)J@&j] 0/7 1£ 

urrrr&^LD (gjLprrsmuniLD <^<si^@(5/5<95/r<syr. <gijp$ giesytrenmasfletouj 

g>rrm <3{1£l.&&isl. u{Tir^^(§uu^rTS sl.l^Gqst (3Lo<stfr<95/7<si/<£(g 
r§mm<^<smL-.fTi£}p(r)j. grrm < ^j$\j€V>6rr& 65<swl|/ €T6ugS1l^^q) 
(ormfry Guom&rr Gujn&6S)<s$r Q&djt&nm. {5®tt§l &<mroj<m <su@)@$ 
Q^rrmff\FEd&u Qu(f^LDnm G&rr<sfil6b Q&(nj®$l6g]<5hm ®S($)<9s<ofi)(5b 
Qu<^urT60(rFj&(&> <^)<su^^}ujld Q&ujuj ^siim <gjLq.&&uL. 
ojrB&jjGurrsvros)^ gnrm &<5mL-^iT& <oT<sm<smf\6$mm. ^Gnm gcingj 

<S5 <5WT<5$)<5mg S>!pf$&jJ q§j®S)LD\U!T®ST <^/d5£S<SB)<SOT ®Sl<5tylUr£j&<5S)GmLjLD 

<55(5WL_6S<?9T/T(SJ)lflc95<ol/Lb G&IT ft®jmL-.$&>n <SfT. ^)<SV)LD&<ffl §$ (IT) LD U (oLj LD 

&rr<5v f5rrLfil®s)& Qj<s8)rjru5l<sb ^iun~6y<o$)L-!$&ij 2-<smfr supg^j 
s^pf5jS)QffiT<5rr t ld fljy u lsl. llj ld £5®ff&jj fi_ <mrrr<ss) su u Quppum. 

$(§LDU6l]LD LD<oSr§} (3<S1/<S^<51) Q&UJUJ& > Q^fT L-dj&IlU&jJ. ss<s$r&&(ri)££l<sb 

§j®nrj<srorr<zsfl £-.iL&n fr$$(n)Uu$ ®Sl(§f$& l ] > £>&$!&(&) <sjG^n G&>& 
^Q&m&QujLD &-<smL-.iTG5f G^m^LD, ^j&><m Qun (§1—® ^ojm 
<sijr5$(§ULJ£bi7&6iiLD ujjt£l$§}&Q&n (smL-fi m. ^<sw«@ <orti]®Sl^LDrr®n 
Gr$rriL]<s5srL-.rT<o5rgi <57mu(5^^LJupi^l rSl<s8)65T£5§iu urrfr^nm. 6^(5 

(SjpuiLLjG^n Q6u®njr)} <2DUj(Lppprr<5rr. g><m§} G@&g5$£}<sb 6T/535 
^L-g$Gb Gf5fTQLj€mL^nrQp^j <ormu<o5)& <sh$uj &>®$i§J G><£« 
r$®n®j<o$)LD<D$)Lu sesen $1 ^&a&<om<smrr6v G/5/7 <£S)<ss7*/7<syr. 
Qurr& i j6ii[T& Q@>&ld q^ p f$ §# ld ld[j@§jlj Lj<sm Qupgu 
<S*j6$)&<o)Sl<5mr$^ G & n sir rfy m G £ lUGfrr/jfil qj.$(T uSI^jld ($$${5 

61$ £__<£]§) O) <5Tg£fr<o8)&UJ L$6®sfi ^(f^UU^fT^GljLD L] 6D U U l—®5} GV <5V) 6V . 
^^GOfTGV ^GlKoh ^GlJGSl^lU^^CSb <o7c£ 65 <off) <95 iU Q£ L^oSl p (&JLD 

Gup&&sLL.rrtJC>!p GurTGvr&rf. ^uGurr^j u&gv GfBfJLDrr uS\qijrB&6®g> 
o_6mfrtf)£BfTm. §rrm (§)#"<sty UGmosflfjGm® LD<o?sxfl&G& &>pQ&rr6is)(oO 



. <3i<5mrBjG<%(T? ^djLbti$lQ<sorr? 313 

Q<jiZ/^/ Q&rrGrr<srr (Lpiump^j GTmu&jjib, <&fu($urrGg &g>S>) 
■i$®i£ia.LJULLL-g! <sT<s$ru&]jLD r£l<5B)GsrGSI £)(&)■ ai^^m. 
^®nL-.G®J<o$)6nujrr<o8r ^iGUGiisrKsy $<smL^ &{tgold g5rr<sk 
2_<smff6iJifr)($iprr §]i8lmQpir ^§).(/5/5@©«<g& Q®d<sm($\ Oldotu^/ld, 
^juGuitG^ sl65)l_ LD/r/f)/r)L/uLLL_ Ggmu&iiLD 6£(njQjrTfru 
<sfilmm§>)m* tBGsrgj- Quajm[j& Q&rT<sb<sS} <g}<5$rGu ri)<ointp®u{r& 

<gtjmLp$&> Q U<SmLD<S$5fl iUfTGUm GTmU<5$){& .<#//$ (L/ ^6ii<sb 

Qa>rr<5is8rL-GiJ6fTmu 9 lBJ^gijld u^@uil(J)<^ <s5otj$/ ®d&®sr&>®s)&S : &\$\§d 
^juLjfDLD ' $(§ui3 g>m<ik& (5 Q<sb ^(f^^oj^m- GfBrr&SssmGrr. 

^(f^Sld) ^_l1c55/7/T/5^(5/5^ GlLimGlKSlSr LLfhiGS)^ ^//5^«^ @/75)u<S3)L/ 
iu$l3i)], $(!J)LDU<ol]LD (Lfi6$rGuiT<SoG®J ^<skurT& ^{®nLp@&iJ, 
U ^/£JDLD/T/ 2_Z_£JQL/ ^\LjGufT§j (0TUUI4. ^j(§<^S)p§J Q&lfl<SiSl; 

{5rrr£j&m mnGrjrr ^mosfliufr GTsSr/p/ $6$)®si&<5>itQ& > ; $rnij&Grr s_or 

(Lp^sSliu QSli—r5J&<svx$rT ^ <°wG u n (J) i£\(§§\Gun<5> Gnq^is^(mnm. 

^<o£1&(&jld ^(§oj<ssr§i <oiirru5}(5v <^(f^^j<o/fl Ggm ^)^ujsid^uGuit<so- 9 
^lg>g>s8)6&r ^6Zrur5j&6frl<m £g)<sy>L_(3<u ^<su<suerrsii ud sstld /r /775 <£ 

£_(SOT<8DL£> ^(SkfGDU 6£ (1$ 6U if <95 <o37\5 (cg <£ cE/Tl1l_& S)<S3) L-3^&>QS)&> 

r£i(5if>6isTS}@ GuDm&rr 6^(5 rflLElo^Lb @6ir<s$)<m LDfDf$§j ^fB^^u 
urjoj&LD ^i®s)L-.[5grr<SYr. <giLpQ& oji^ojitiu L^riGm &$$£)G!jrTguj 
GiDorrGW Q<2B&g)GgDrr§>)iurT iu «/^(/jgi/ ld a ®r> g u G u n <sv 
&,<s$i£>&(T})&\6b s-LL&nriT$$(§$$ QumriL^sflSm &ui— LDrpp§jLD, 
GlwmonLD) ^l^^ld @OTni, Qu'(njr5&><55)&<ss)L£> (Lp^<o61iu ^fifliu 
&\FpUL4&GS)Gfr8> SlijGmriiafflrT uj& G&rr nJrBg&jjLDrrsm <3jLp&)iu 
®j& > Gm8i(ot?)£s& &rr<sm Qu&®sT&n<sS\m ldost^go g? (75 Giim&mrrGvr 

[5LDLS)<&6S)&iqLD, ^QJt56£]Lh ^j 637 651 (Lp LD G^fT OT/T^OT. <35/7<Sff37*c£ 
S)£F>L_c9S<55/T<95 ^//5^ <g)jfr)L)$LbrT<m 6S/7L_£) 2-<5m®nLDlLJITmG$n ^<5kf$ 

Qurrdj£ G^rrppGiDfi Q<sum^j s-L-Ggvt ^uj(Lpppnm. LD&rr 
uturai&riLDnotf rg\®s)<svi}S\<oSl(§$§} §>rr<m, ^rjLD<s®s?iuLDrr<m ^^ 
rg}<sv)G0<o$)LD®s)iuiu®s)±-i5g una§>)iLj$<oS)$ ffl^/osr^^j f$\®r>®sr$§} 



314 Qldqst&it 

<g>l®jmgi LjGvdr&m G^rruJpgi erdil.fgKsb Q&®S1lLul u GuiruSlesr. 
mmfglGplLD, ii_OTr/tGi%)/LJD ^ &$ wQ<ssm&vu>n m ^ jdl/£« «/tlL® 
<57Gfil§$<sb u@/|^^/. <m&fc<g> (£P«5r> ^<skosxm 9© ^/Kgyjii 
&mru.$uJiT& <syu Qu<smurr<s$)QJ &<sw<& «.(/j>©<s& £-iL&rrrr$§}, 
$m&(§rrliu ^u<9=fj<oV<5m&®r><orr& Q&uj&§jld, &<sh USgi ^Guojm^ 
cffctf^ ^LSlLorrmLD &rTiLiq-UJ§iiJb, @<z$r§J Quiumrj& Q&rr<sb<sSl 
iu®s)Lp$<j5§lin Qubm&rr<s£l&T wm$<& Qu($$$ GSliuuonu 

Q<su<ekugiLb 9 <s>{6ijm ld&it s_^id g>^@ <sk>@/f Qiu<shu§jth, 
^^m^(y>^^Qi^Quj^^<sSl^m.^^^tufTeueff? (Lp&><sb$rrm 

2_(T)(sSl<smmn ? u<s^uQu<sm<smrr ? ^/<sJj<506y c^/a/@)/«@Lb 

<£/QJ<g5<SSg)fi €T{5£<S5)&UJ &LDU$jSQpLD £§)<Sl)<S3><Sl)lL//T ? *3¥g/ (ip^<5& 

$rr<sftlrj<o£lGb &rr<svfl(§r5& <s3(£i$n<5ism? ^<sb<sv§j (?fiy/rJ?i_LD/r? «<£j£) 
<£OT^/ <s&&}Baftmtpi dH<$iiij&ULJL-i- l3jP& £<^<£@ ot^tot 
Gr&fT$$§i<? <srmu6m Gurrmro mmrmflrp!5$ &rsG&&rii®<5V)<srr& 
Gl&ir'em® ^oup^jp GlojsfiluSlL-eifLD <5u<sb<sv<sf)LD iuii)fr)ti, Qurf)§jLD 

&GQ&&(LpLD, §jdrU(LpiD <=g>/ G5> /_/7>J$/ $! fe LD U' 6ij LD G&IT rr[5§J 

arrLDQurruLUil.i-. Gfjrr®nrr65)(5iJuGurT<sv& &(sm&®n®r 

Q/5®(pj5j7Lb (Si7(S^/jci5!(5i; ^<5vm ^<s5)LD&<5n<srT& $fp&&<sijLSi<sb<5m<so. 
<£IGuerrgi G&&ld <^i®s)&iu®jL8<sb<s$)(SV. ^Giim ^(^ldu^ld 

5L(SWr/T<Sl/(E)/D f£l<S?D60(o5)LDu!JI(Sb G^Lp^^j oSlLLi—fTGrr. 

rgjGumgj ojgGtruD, G^&ld (Lp^^Qiuojp^l<^r uc>rr(^urT®&®n6frtLiLD 
lEI&gl/ld ^<oyG<oOnr(g}LD &\ijt5<oV>$QujrT(§)LD <%<sx]<o6fl&8}j s-emit^ 
^mij<MJiT<o!sflujLDLDrrdT, "gjrir^<oMDrr<oir! FBfrdr m<su{5§lu3- 

^WWfT(oftfflUU!i)f!$& &GW68HSOUUL-& Gt£<oZ)GlS u5} 6V <SS) 6V ; lB^GI/LD 
Gfi}'6G)fJ6fil<SQ f5<5l)QJ ■/£) 65) 60 <S5> LD 65) UJ CU <Sff> L_ /5 J*/ 6*5) (J) QJ /T <StT. (BfT 'm 

Gu/t(l/qS)l_.© ld/t<s3)<5UuS)co ^1(§wuq^ld <su/5jj/ u/i fraSCp/D^ir. 



.igIGmriiG&rr? ^djLnuSKSmrr? 315 

^j<snG<sn "&6mQSlLfilg§ju- Gu@)mrr<sb u§$<sbQ<3Frr<sb; ^HuGuit^ild 
^jsu'errgj wonos)^ ^(SDiLt-rr ldgv urrfttB&jj&G&rrm, Qu(r$a>t5 

uiu^$mfT<sb 2L.<omL-rr<m w<sw <^$rr&§} &j<sy(srr^ ${jLDLj&6$><sfT 

ajfJLDLj cS5L/5Ji/. 65<Syr/T^@Sl5)llL_.^/. $[JLDLf&m lSI&<sijld 
&}ITLD&iLD!T<3>G®J &>1£§J &IU r£l6$)GV<o?S)LD€S)UJ UJ<SS)L-IU GoJ<SmQ\LD; 
[&ITLD ^jmmLD fflfljkj/ ^fTLO^LDUiU LD(5/5g/ G)<95/T(5)^@(5L/(3ufT 

LDirmiTtcib ^)6iim ^j§j&jes)rjuSI<sb d$G5)Lp£>§$(n>ULi(3$ 

^ifl^rriuuGurTu5)(fi)&(&jLb; <gyG$ ldq^^<s5)^ ^Lpm^j uomfl 
Gr5F$$!pQ-&rT(n)-(Lp6S)(p LDirrnSJGb gL-<ofilaQ&rr<5mGL- £§)(3>; 
Qp&Q<s$rrT6Q S-.mqipLD Q&§h^§jld ld(tf}ib®s)& ^§)<arf? {ip&GSl<58rrr<sb 
<suirfr&& Qa/asrL_/T£jD. ^Giim oSli£l&(9jLDGurr8)i ^i<s^>^ 

Qjnru5l<s$mG<soGuj ^jfT<omQL-.rT(f^(Lp<omp Q&§}j£5§>l®srrT<sb (LpprfysgiLD 
@<om(y}<omL-irdj<o$($\LD; rBrrsbr GuitilksSIlL® oj^SiGipm' <srmg}j 
^)/syS)<oS<si^ urr<s$)Q$tiS)(sb &*.tf)lmrT(ffi. 

§Jfir^®tJDrT<sbr &<sij<o$)gi)Giuit($); u ^josfl £_ d) (/5 <£ (g u 
uujL£)Gb<o&)6tiGiLj? Grmtprrm. 

^«siwsrorFerfte- ^l<5V®r>60, ^jGV&n®). $)®$ <=£V <ss> <5 u u sp /$ 
&<sti<o$)<5VLJUL„rTG&; &r5G&&ULiL-.&<5faUi-UJ (gjfpl&m <$r$msij§j $)&$ 

U@Q<57nr/TOT/D<SZn/7 LLGlttflGrBfJLD QJGS)pu5l6Q ^nm ^jfTff LULjGuL-toftL- 

uiii&mrroSlGGvGuj ^(guGum. ^Qj(Q!)<s$)L-iu n.L-owoUonujtLiLD, 

[£&r>&&<S]S)®TlLILD, ^JLJGUU^J ^6^<S&&&G<olJ(mrL-tT LD; <gl<5S)QJ&®T 

9ili_ii ^jdjGusfro^ <s)S}<o$)[j®SJ6b ^(§LDiSlu5]fjfT§j. £§)/5<5 LD<sh)<s61Gm 

prrh- &$; ^uuis^Giu Q.ed]GeurrLD; /5©07T0Jg)/fl (Lp^zb 
Q&$Sl$$u8urr£}Gtp<m! goSIp, £§)^ ®S)<syiuLD ^juGufr^j 

<oT6U(r$&(§Lb Q<95/%<51) dftxL_frg/. ^!J&@)tULDrT® £§)(5<&<95 G.toJGS6T($IU>; 



316 Gld®$t&[t 

Q&rr<srr<sfrrrG@. <0TLJUL4.uu1l.i- $!?&&) (ULDrr<ssrrTQ2iLb, rBrrm^mg 
GsuefUuSlL- iDfTiKSu-dr. <sw<sy^§?liufr&m <3i<sm& QeueSluSl(^^<sb 

toLL-KSil. <oTQJ<SUGfTGGUrT ^ift&JJlil&lLnGSf 6£)UJ[r$®(^&Q&<sb60rTLD 
/5/T IhJ&m &}&}&£&& Q&d]£lGipn 'LD. ^fGUipmp QGXJ<^fluS]Q)(Sll^(o^lTd) 

toTmi&i^mL-iu Q$rrfflG<so QaLLQ)uGurr(&jGL&; £g)flr«£)iu£OT><g5« 
&rruurr{p£j&G<si) £§)/5£<5 Q&rrifl<s£ldr $fr<smiuw; ^\<m$>uuK)$ $ 
QiuTT&®n®st Q&djiurrG$. $n<m GurrtLioSliL® GU($§lGfp&r - 
(oKoktpnsk, 

Q&rr($i&£)(pgi? ^)^^ iSlfjn LD<5muQ U(sm (ormuang, 
urrirmGLi&GGO firaj&m <gi$\&§i QsfT(omi^(f^S;^evnrLD. ^&ijb(§& 
c£@/5<5 <si5)<3>ii ^^nijLD Q&rr®&& G®j(mr($)Ln. rbrrm&m ^lunrrf)^ 
^& n $&>€$)$><& Q«/r©uu^/Tii/^ Q & n <sb ®S) , 9(5 i3rjnw<sm 
urfl&rrrj&mm ^i^ip^§! gu(^i^ui^ ^(sn^ui3u5\(^^^Gpdi. 
£§)/5<£u uiEJ&mrnsSIri) /5/r/&«OT<af£)<i@ii> {§)*-£@(D(jg& £§)<£/D©Lb 

GjBrrJiLjLb. si5)<si^i/j^(Szd65 Q m <sb csv rr ld rBrr<m <s7<osrgp/<sff)L_(u 
g&uuGzrrrifii—LD Q&rr60<so G(sumru.rrQu)(sir^j r£l®s)®ntE>Q&m. 

^OJlfiL-LD Q<3FfTd>ffS)G^lLLL^rT<siT. ^GuGlJ Ulfl&IT /J656S)63T <S>j<oX)Lp@§J 
Gl!0WUU}-^€^<m^^LJlS}Qn-fTIT. 6£(5 LDOsfl^fT <S>J QJ @) ILI LD <SlJ0<SVfT 17. 

Q&rT($)&&} fD§j? - GnosTfr)} G&L-U.rr<srr. 

gtiooiraronrati:- ^juGurrgi <5T<sij®Sl&LDrT6m <^^rr [f(LpLD 
Q&nQ>\3>& G<su<swl_/ti2k ^.lLl/pld Q<3fq^^^uu(^ld ^g)/5<£ 

LD0^^lG(oVGuJ Gg& Ljd$L$.&(&j(?IUJ LD([T)i58tfLD 

u@)Giu G^fTmprf^j; @(75<s5<95/7<si) ^guGgut u ff\ Q m m rp] 
Q&rT<skr<mfT<sb &fr&&mrj &<ooij>&jj urrcSld) &\ifil£b<srr6y Q<3^rf<$iuu§} 
Qurr§jLD. ^(fflffilrrGii urrfr<sSl (Barley) ^t?J§)<& «<g>£) Q&rr($\<k&<sorTLD. 



^l<smmQ<3;ir? ^djLDifilGoorr? ' 317 

^t^p(j§&T pirm ^0Lbu<sxjLD ®j(§&)Gp<sir- 67<oSr/p/ &^$uj<M<sm<smLD 
^<ss)p<ss)uj siSJlL® Q ®j g® u$} p Q&mr]Pti tsm§i Gwrr L-L-rrif 

65)&&§S)<s£lGb <5J/?5)c5QcS5/T6OT(5) G U IT dj^SllLL-IT <SfT. 

u&&$$<sSI(n)rB$ ld (75/5 <anc9> <or(g)^§} Qix><m&rr<sS\m u>rrfFLSI&$L-®SI 
si5?l!@» (Lp(skGurr<svG<sy ^(^S}<sb 2L.iL&rrfr$§iQ&iT<sm® 
uf?l&rFU&pLD(T&& &rr<smruLJil.L„ ^<^m&jj $®rrii]&LDipp (Lp&t£®s)&>u 
uft rr^0(Su<sm<smLD ^)®/5^n"dr. <5<swg/ &<smojqijw, i3p(§w Q&tua> 

&$£)uSl6$rfT(Sb i ££(/5 (&26ti)$tLfLbf$UJrTJ£ <S>IU Qu6mGu<SS)& <^SB>L_/5£ 

tSyojGrrgj &pi5l<s$r <@S<a$*£u^<§)<si) <o7qj®5)^ g>uj(tfiw Q&rrmmntBULq- 
£5) (/5 u j§) i/j <sff)i_ /5^/ <g] ®j 6$) srr tyfr)fj$&Q*&rrmi§n)LDUui- <5ruuL$.& 
Q&ih<^Q&®sT6$)iLL G ili n &<55)<o$rG iu <^iufTLD<sb cgy<si/®frg/ ldot^ ££)<&> 
<ST(Lgr5gjJ Qu(nj<$nj&rG8)LD(unr& <3$Qg§§>iiu§!> <g*j<z®&<& (&)$&§! 

67®J®S}gLD{T6$r (LpiSL(SlSlp(^LD Gi][r<%&n.l^rT(o?S)LDUJIT<5b ^17 L£><o8)!J ^)<S5)60g, 
^<SW<Swf<Sff)/TU GurTGVgB @&>$6filg&i (T 6fT. ^GUOfT^j (iP(^> 

ojtjGorr p ®n tp ilj ld , 3yfoJ<5ir ounrdj qpsdldi7& <stl/l/j$/ 

<S>]ri))(SllQ&6kumj£& (&)$&§} iR&GljLD ^®J6V QarT6mL-QJ6MT 

ifil(nj$&>rrm. ^^j^nr^th &m§i &msr<su®si urrLnGujiT&QiuQ6$r<s$rrr}j 
r§lmm$§j ^GuGm sSQfj<m ld§$£§j@ &®n§} urr&lsluj&<s6)$& 
(g)$£5§}u Qu(n)65)iD ujGDL-n>$(njip$Q$&6onrLh <5p(n} Qr5fTtq„u5l<sb 
9^/55/ Gurr<ssr<ss)45iL]LD- 9 ^ojm G&gijgdld ^Lfl(§<5m(Lp®nL-.uj 
GUG&r'rrtu, G<M®n&uL$(fiujmrrdj y &LDm{5$pG&pp (sSI^ld 

QufTlLlQ LD/T y# <9oj./l5) Gli^ffi&^LD ^Gujn&ffiujOtfrr u5}(TIji5&GS)&lL]LD 

<s$iLirTLn<5v £f) /5^)^/7- sfr. ^<5^^uupf$l r§)mm<&(3jLDQu[T&iJ §jjk<£(LpLD 

GojLL&tTpLD ^(Lg®5)&lLjLD ^fSUSfT' LD(oOT"^)(ol? Q L//T [5lGSlQ lU'(Lgj5gl 

<sy uG u n $$)&}& &uQuFT8j} &<5m<o®$iTg gjsfil&Grr GtBrr<sGrr$6$r. 
Qr$®^&Q&$f5@rr<sh. LD&sfl^fr Q<sv<^uunit<s$)<sii&(& l ^Lp&rni^Ln, 
£llLl//d<56$)<si) \gjGi]<5ii<sirr®Li LBqi)&$&6$r(5G)LD<o$)UJ& Q&rF<sm®LD 
^)(f^uurrGfrrrQ(sij(sk^j rgl6$xmg>§i ^®jfflQufil§jLD <s8muLjpprrm; 
&m &mroj&r OT(y><^/ 6urr&<szxs$r lu^ujfr^ (y^LLL^nmmQ]; ^uuisl 



318 GiDm^n 

LDppsiimrnLiLD, f§l®s)fpuS)<sb r£)<$V6vrrj£ &u<so^^^^mmGu®srrfujLL 
®j(§uu<sm^ &$£>§} <&j(/5/5@<s$r/TGyr. ^/<oi/@/^@ii) &<^&(g)(Lf)mm 

QJIJFTLD<sb g>(])\&>§j<sfi}l— G<olKSG$r(£)LD <5T<S&Tg)]LD 9 <9$<S3TJ$/ ^JGVGVfp 

6urry)&65>& s\$&> ^)(jG®jrr(£) ^Lfij^^Gurrtuo^iLL-G^m^jLo 
g-(r)j§$iuiT& f^Gftm^&i! wmLDrrifi&6wrrm. ^mgj Q&rr$g 

<sS\&6®&®S)8)& &ITLLLq-<SplLb GlJbmiTGlSlm {§6$)<SV<S$)LDiqLD, ^GUffl 

$m[£j&wi7)p6vQ$nmu®r>@ (f^^^uu(^^^) ^qj^qj)i_oj 

&<5m6)JGsflL-LD <gj<olKo$)6fr GTUUISL. G&frUU&ti <oT6Jr6V)lLD &Lq_<S5lLDF[QSl 
&fTff}llJ(LpLD > <gLjG)J<oh LD6$r$£}6V ^^dSLO/TcS G SU gj SST/tJ) <SU65)$§>{£Q5T. 
^l§}G<50GtU rSLjOJGTT t5<o$T§] (Lp(Lg LD <5$T ®S) ^ iq LD G&gHgS?!, 
$€$€$) LLUSI'GO ff)/5<£<Stf><StfT Q&tb&tf <££U<S5« LD6$)L-[5&jJ LD ®$T(Lfi (TJ S)<S5 

&<sm6$$rrQu(n)&&l ^.lL^it rf^(f^ iB& ®nm. 

^qmpuS)<$b §i$liu LDir&LD, &ht§}il]ld Gg>i7<skrprrt5 lj§$iu Qld<svgS)ili 
ulL®u Qurrir<s$)<su&<m, &,}uuiLiq-&m> ^Iot®, ^65><si)iu<ss)<sw<956yr, 

(Lp4B<oSlujGll(7)n$l 6di68)L-.U$)<5b GLDG&T&fT ^LpG&i 6ULSL,<surnu& , 
SlL-IS&gJLD, ^<M(§$&&(0&)<5b ^[J$G&d]}GlUrrQ<SlJG$TQST <£OT<£gj<5 

<^rr(3<osr rgi&p-rriu GgGgDrr idiuldu^ §jffr^m)[TG^ £Lil&rriT!$ 

&!P$$61Jm'GJ<ckLJ<S5)$& <95<OTT(J) L$tSL.UU&jJ <5TQJ(§&(&jLD U6SllLHT<& 

<$rrif!ajLDfTu5l((jjr5g&ii. Qld®st&jt<5$)Giiu urrrr&m&uSlGb) ^jGuar^j 
<SHtpQ& SltpjpfBgrfiLjLb, ^j(jf)(5ii®s)[jiqLD <Q<oirfDrr&Lj urnT&Gfr&uSlsb 

^) © «i/(5 u) ^£r<sw® sipLj^ G^rrSd&miT&GLjLb, g£ (/5 <g ££)<£(§ 
^)otQ (sw/r(5^^) G tu ^(^(oSWiu/TcKsi/ii) G^rrmijSl^srfr. (S^a^^^le^ui 
§®rr$ LD<5bGS}<s5)a LO(oU(5<35@ &_<su<ss)ld <^/?5)<^r/Ta; Lo/D/poj&nsyr. 
Gprrggnr LD<svqij&(&j &_qj<s5)ld &*.fr}]^<sb Guit^^^jld. 9®^@ 
Q<oii<5m^fT LDODff U36vmrruGurrmp<MQm<drprr<sb 9 LDpptsum 
Q&$&,rrLD®s)rj ldgog&ij Q\urr^g><siiQ<sfTmQ(p' Q&rrffl<fflQ<si!Gm@i&^ 



^(smfiiG&rr? ^lULDuSIGoorr? 319 

&jj&i-Qj§$ G^oSlGiuskGp ld$£}&& Gqj6mt($)ld. ^(/5<si//rg£/ 

^(SS)LHULfLD <&ILp(8jLD <S£ULjlWT6)jpp j5®sf\uGuprr 6$G(Tm}&lffiT®J6m(f)l 

<gl6uiT&6ir>6iT& <3>rr<m)jLD ^L-Gurr LD®n§$<sb arrLD®5J&rT rj&i<o$)@ 
uj<smi—rr&&rrLD<sb, ^/(Sii/TcSs^L/i ^(/5 <sii<oS)&ujn<ssT <s>l&&(LpLD, 

^mLjLb, U&^IlLjLD £-<5mL-rT&&& <£<95<S5 Q$lU6l][TLD&LD O U /T QJ /J5J§) «L/ 
GlDLDLJlLl„ <gj<55)L£)LJUrT&(SlJLb ^ Lfi <95 fT <95 (SI/ LD |§) © <S ^ • 

@)(njd$Lq-uS)(oir Q<sf<sv<oU& (9jLp[5<56)$&6rTrT il/ld, <S5i_<si/<syfi<sir ^<o$)&& 

(& > Lp[B(5$)&&<5ffrT LLJLD &(T GmU U iLl— <gj <SXf(oSl (7J LD 1— LD ll5l (5V V it 
®J &) U U £ (7 m un&&\lULL Qupp ^jGVGVgSilGb, LDGlsfitBlf 

&n<sto<souSQ<M(!£n>$<^L-.<sbr <g\<sufr&m§} & > ff\&mLD Q u^jGurr pir uS\<sm 

rBrrLfl6fr& O-iL&u rrj^^o^^n <sh. <g>j3>p(g)®T QLD®sr&rT<sfilm wfrfnSl<sb 
^!j<om(§)(Lp®r>p LD(njf5<s5)&£B &i—<sfi)6vrfT<sh. <sq uGun§j 
nflirj^^iTGsflm ^&&ir<m $i&Q (j<sfrf^ £-<5rrG6tTigj<ss)Lpf5§j, "^ldldit 
u ffl&rrrj&m <sii^^/<si5?L_L-fT/r. grgiTGiJ&i] ^^nrjLD giurr[rrr& 
G®j<5m(£)LDrr? ^juGurr§j s_z_ii)Ly gtuuu}. ^(J5&&p§l?" «srssr/p/ 
GaiLi—rTm. 

npfb- «y/p/p/ (LpsSr &6m<s$)<5mg> $pj5§j f5<svrprr&u uuif^rr<srr. 

S)ssfl- U UJ uSl <SV 6$) GO QlU6$rft)} &tf<o!D[J<M)[TQrflujLDLDlT<$fr Q&IT6V<sSl 

<oSlLLL-.rT<srr. ^uGurrgjLD ^arruLD G&il& ld/t iLL.fr (Suuld. 
<5T<5V(svrrQjpf[^p(^Lo urr®$xso ldit^^ijld &mu&&) <s^q_/c£«lL(5)£jq - 
<sT<y5r/£)/7<oyr. 

c^t<si51iDrrs- <?$; ^uul^Giu G&djGojrrLD; £_OTc&gj« &nuLS\iL\LD 
&p(r)}<mriq.uj[L£) ^di®5lL-.^§dpG& Q&nr<sm® Gi](rF>&)GpGbT. /£ 
< sy6yp6V)p& &rr uiSl($); G<si}<5mL-.nQub6$irr)} Q&rr<sb<s»!7G&. - 

<oT(?57/7)/T<Sy7". 

rpjiiK- £g)ci>63)cu ^/««/r/ srarci® ^juGurr^j ^m^jiD 

G6brr<skp®Sl<5bm6v. uff) £L.6mL-nmrr<sv uirir£3tfaQ&rTmG<oiJ!TLD. 



320 Guxm&iT 

G<oxi<smis^<^sffr(SfT- 

<gl<55)$& G&lLI— ^(oSlLDfT q«L/L.L LD 6ST G g> /T UJ.0«(g LD 

^cwgS/ &G&rr$ifl<smu Gld^jld «a/®^ uD<mLDrhp®j<5rrrrilj, "^l/uzjj. 
lurrmrrd) ^jmmuD G&rr^&GrBrjLD ^aC-^LD; ^juljpld 
<su(^S}(Stpdr" (ordr^j <symGurr($) ^/75?qS)lL(J) ^GUGuanipanuj 

Gldojjld 9(5 $rri£lm& G[5[JLD &t£l$f£§i. r0if^<SMDrr<5srrr<5b 
i3(jGuuit&\&®ijulLi— wqF»$§} rBmp(T& Gajanco Q&uj§j 
Gu^m^n(sSm^(smfr(5^^^^(^ui5liu§j. ^<sw^(§Sl(sb <spfr<s>jLp&)uj 
Q Lismu rT®noj u5)(nj[5$Gin&>$ $rrdr&6$)L—@)ujrT&& «<swl_ $H®$)mGijLD 
^<sii®4<5mfr&S\Gujrr ® §!)(tjjldl5)iu§j. <^//5<$ r£)<ss)<s8rGS)<ssrrr<sb ^<5UGrr§j 
^uGurrangiu ld<s5t$<sg)<sq 9(5 £)/$$/ ^<5vru&ijwrriL]LD, rBLDLS\&6$)& 
gij&g&a&fTiLi l£\Q])$&>§}. ^HfB&u Qu<sm iurr6uQm<mu€5)@tLiLD i 

LDiprpJLD <S7<ob60[T ®Sl&jpr£l&<o8)6friLI.LD ^^&>u Qu<omLD<5mflu5JL^LD 

G&LLL-{]S\r&§} Q&rrm<srr Gsusm® Q ld mani ld Q51(f^uu(LpLD 

^(SH^jld 2-6mi—.nru5l6M. S>1$& ld&ld§>)uju Qu<sm, ^mrfytjGii 
^<o§r<^07 ®Jtr)L]fr}}@§>)iu ld^ldld^Iuj^)j^(§ (&(iTj&rr<sb 

^€^<3f^GVLI)ITQSrQJ<S1TrrUJ S)(5L/L//tC5(5YT/T gTgSTg)/Lb 6£Q7fj6U65)<5>llJ[T(ffl 
<&!&&& Gd5/TOT/r$) @(5 y p LD ^/«SliOT LOOT6?r><95<£ <55<Sli/r 6LI(T[JLDlS)&@§];- 
^(SlJGUfT^tJ [BWlSl&GinaUJITGgJLD, ^M[5IAL5l&<S5)&\lUrr6£JLD (SpGff 

<3srr6Vg$£)<sb <M<5ft$&&uuiLL-<su<srrrTdj, §ftirg®<°MDrT6$r&il (Lp&&®r>$ 
Gr5rra&l<ovrrr<5rr. tSy&jj&rrjgjLD ^oj^j^L-OJ Gumu, l^lLl_l/ulLl_ 
&$<55)6i]uGurT<5V& Ggrrmr$uj§j. ^juGurr^j, 8>rrdr 
Gu&&<9^@Qm<5k<miLD GiD^ifliuLD ^ojGfrgj ^.<sm'iTGi51(5v G&>rrmn!)}uj§j. 






HHHHI 



■i 






"'J 



: ' ' •"•V : ' " 






raliBW 



p 


iippJiH 




'm", 



■f|H 



' ■'' '; 






',.. ii- , . /j 

HHHBhI 

■■■■■■NIH 



wl^^^Mra»c